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A

BILL

TO

Provide for the destruction, retention, use and other regulation of certain evidential material;

to impose consent and other requirements in relation to certain processing of biometric

information relating to children; to provide for a code of practice about surveillance camera

systems and for the appointment and role of the Surveillance Camera Commissioner; to

provide for judicial approval in relation to certain authorisations and notices under the

Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000; to provide for the repeal or rewriting of powers

of entry and associated powers and for codes of practice and other safeguards in relation to

such powers; to make provision about vehicles left on land; to provide for a maximum

detention period of 14 days for terrorist suspects; to replace certain stop and search powers

and to provide for a related code of practice; to amend the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups

Act 2006; to make provision about criminal records; to disregard convictions and cautions for

certain abolished offences; to make provision about the release and publication of datasets

held by public authorities and to make other provision about freedom of information and the

Information Commissioner; to repeal certain enactments; and for connected purposes.

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and

consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present

Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part 1 Regulation of biometric data

CHAPTER 1 Destruction, retention and use of fingerprints etc.

Destruction rule for fingerprints and DNA profiles subject to PACE

1 5Destruction of fingerprints and DNA profiles

After section 63C of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 insert—

63D Destruction of fingerprints and DNA profiles

(1) This section applies to—

(a) fingerprints—

Protection of Freedoms BillPage 2

(i) taken from a person under any power conferred by this

Part of this Act, or

(ii) taken by the police, with the consent of the person from

whom they were taken, in connection with the

5investigation of an offence by the police, and

(b) a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken as mentioned

in paragraph (a)(i) or (ii).

(2) Fingerprints and DNA profiles to which this section applies (“section

63D material”) must be destroyed if it appears to the responsible chief

10officer of police that—

(a) the taking of the fingerprint or, in the case of a DNA profile, the

taking of the sample from which the DNA profile was derived,

was unlawful, or

(b) the fingerprint was taken, or, in the case of a DNA profile, was

15derived from a sample taken, from a person in connection with

that person’s arrest and the arrest was unlawful or based on

mistaken identity.

(3) In any other case, section 63D material must be destroyed unless it is

retained under any power conferred by sections 63E to 63N (including

20those sections as applied by section 63O).

(4) Section 63D material which ceases to be retained under a power

mentioned in subsection (3) may continue to be retained under any

other such power which applies to it.

(5) Nothing in this section prevents a speculative search, in relation to

25section 63D material, from being carried out within such time as may

reasonably be required for the search if the responsible chief officer of

police considers the search to be desirable.

Modification of rule for particular circumstances

2 Material retained pending investigation or proceedings

30After section 63D of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 1) insert—

63E Retention of section 63D material pending investigation or

proceedings

(1) This section applies to section 63D material taken (or, in the case of a

35DNA profile, derived from a sample taken) in connection with the

investigation of an offence in which it is suspected that the person to

whom the material relates has been involved.

(2) The material may be retained until the conclusion of the investigation

of the offence or, where the investigation gives rise to proceedings

40against the person for the offence, until the conclusion of those

proceedings.

3 Persons arrested for or charged with a qualifying offence

After section 63E of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

Protection of Freedoms BillPage 3

section 2) insert—

"63F Retention of section 63D material: persons arrested for or charged with

a qualifying offence

(1) This section applies to section 63D material which—

(a) 5relates to a person who is arrested for, or charged with, a

qualifying offence but is not convicted of that offence, and

(b) was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, derived from a

sample taken) in connection with the investigation of the

offence.

(2) 10If the person has previously been convicted of a recordable offence

which is not an excluded offence, or is so convicted before the material

is required to be destroyed by virtue of this section, the material may be

retained indefinitely.

(3) Otherwise, material falling within subsection (4) or (5) may be retained

15until the end of the retention period specified in subsection (6).

(4) Material falls within this subsection if it—

(a) relates to a person who is charged with a qualifying offence but

is not convicted of that offence, and

(b) was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, derived from a

20sample taken) in connection with the investigation of the

offence.

(5) Material falls within this subsection if—

(a) it relates to a person who is arrested for a qualifying offence but

is not charged with that offence,

(b) 25it was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, derived from a

sample taken) in connection with the investigation of the

offence, and

(c) any prescribed circumstances apply.

(6) The retention period is—

(a) 30in the case of fingerprints, the period of 3 years beginning with

the date on which the fingerprints were taken, and

(b) in the case of a DNA profile, the period of 3 years beginning

with the date on which the DNA sample from which the profile

was derived was taken (or, if the profile was derived from more

35than one DNA sample, the date on which the first of those

samples was taken).

(7) The responsible chief officer of police or a specified chief officer of

police may apply to a District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) for an order

extending the retention period.

(8) 40An application for an order under subsection (7) must be made within

the period of 3 months ending on the last day of the retention period.

(9) An order under subsection (7) may extend the retention period by a

period which—

(a) begins with the end of the retention period, and

(b) 45ends with the end of the period of 2 years beginning with the

end of the retention period.

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(10) The following persons may appeal to the Crown Court against an order

under subsection (7), or a refusal to make such an order—

(a) the responsible chief officer of police;

(b) a specified chief officer of police;

(c) 5the person from whom the material was taken.

(11) Circumstances prescribed under subsection (5)(c) must include the fact

that the Commissioner for the Retention and Use of Biometric Material

has consented to the retention of the material concerned.

(12) An order prescribing circumstances of the kind mentioned in

10subsection (11) may, in particular, make provision about—

(a) the procedure to be followed in relation to any decision of the

Commissioner,

(b) an appeal against such a decision.

(13) In this section—

(14) 35An order of the Secretary of State under this section—

(a) is to be made by statutory instrument,

(b) may include transitional, transitory or saving provision.

(15) A statutory instrument containing an order under this section is not to

be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and

40approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

4 Persons arrested for or charged with a minor offence

After section 63F of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

Protection of Freedoms BillPage 5

section 3) insert—

"63G Retention of section 63D material: persons arrested for or charged with

a minor offence

(1) This section applies to section 63D material which—

(a) 5relates to a person who—

(i) is arrested for or charged with a recordable offence other

than a qualifying offence,

(ii) if arrested for or charged with more than one offence

arising out of a single course of action, is not also

10arrested for or charged with a qualifying offence, and

(iii) is not convicted of the offence or offences in respect of

which the person is arrested or charged, and

(b) was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, derived from a

sample taken) in connection with the investigation of the

15offence or offences in respect of which the person is arrested or

charged.

(2) If the person has previously been convicted of a recordable offence

which is not an excluded offence, the material may be retained

indefinitely.

(3) 20In this section “excluded offence” has the meaning given by section

63F(13).

5 Persons convicted of a recordable offence

After section 63G of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 4) insert—

"63H 25Retention of section 63D material: persons convicted of a recordable

offence

(1) This section applies, subject to subsection (3), to—

(a) section 63D material which—

(i) relates to a person who is convicted of a recordable

30offence, and

(ii) was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, derived from

a sample taken) in connection with the investigation of

the offence, or

(b) material taken under section 61(6) or 63(3B) which relates to a

35person who is convicted of a recordable offence.

(2) The material may be retained indefinitely.

(3) This section does not apply to section 63D material to which section 63J

applies.

6 Persons convicted of an offence outside England and Wales

40After section 63H of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

Protection of Freedoms BillPage 6

section 5) insert—

"63I Retention of material: persons convicted of an offence outside

England and Wales

(1) This section applies to material falling within subsection (2) relating to

5a person who is convicted of an offence under the law of any country

or territory outside England and Wales.

(2) Material falls within this subsection if it is—

(a) fingerprints taken from the person under section 61(6D) (power

to take fingerprints without consent in relation to offences

10outside England and Wales), or

(b) a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken from the

person under section 62(2A) or 63(3E) (powers to take intimate

and non-intimate samples in relation to offences outside

England and Wales).

(3) 15The material may be retained indefinitely.

7 Persons under 18 convicted of first minor offence

After section 63I of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 6) insert—

"63J Retention of section 63D material: exception for persons under 18

20convicted of first minor offence

(1) This section applies to section 63D material which—

(a) relates to a person who—

(i) is convicted of a recordable offence other than a

qualifying offence,

(ii) 25has not previously been convicted of a recordable

offence, and

(iii) is aged under 18 at the time of the offence, and

(b) was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, derived from a

sample taken) in connection with the investigation of the

30offence.

(2) Where the person is given a relevant custodial sentence of less than 5

years in respect of the offence, the material may be retained until the

end of the period consisting of the term of the sentence plus 5 years.

(3) Where the person is given a relevant custodial sentence of 5 years or

35more in respect of the offence, the material may be retained

indefinitely.

(4) Where the person is given a sentence other than a relevant custodial

sentence in respect of the offence, the material may be retained until—

(a) in the case of fingerprints, the end of the period of 5 years

40beginning with the date on which the fingerprints were taken,

and

(b) in the case of a DNA profile, the end of the period of 5 years

beginning with—

(i) the date on which the DNA sample from which the

45profile was derived was taken, or

Protection of Freedoms BillPage 7

(ii) if the profile was derived from more than one DNA

sample, the date on which the first of those samples was

taken.

(5) But if, before the end of the period within which material may be

5retained by virtue of this section, the person is again convicted of a

recordable offence, the material may be retained indefinitely.

(6) In this section, “relevant custodial sentence” means any of the

following—

(a) a custodial sentence within the meaning of section 76 of the

10Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000;

(b) a sentence of a period of detention and training (excluding any

period of supervision) which a person is liable to serve under an

order under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 or a

secure training order.

8 15Persons given a penalty notice

After section 63J of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 7) insert—

"63K Retention of section 63D material: persons given a penalty notice

(1) This section applies to section 63D material which—

(a) 20relates to a person who is given a penalty notice under section 2

of the Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001, and

(b) was taken (or, in the case of a DNA profile, derived from a

sample taken) from the person in connection with the

investigation of the offence to which the notice relates.

(2) 25The material may be retained—

(a) in the case of fingerprints, for a period of 2 years beginning with

the date on which the fingerprints were taken,

(b) in the case of a DNA profile, for a period of 2 years beginning

with—

(i) 30the date on which the DNA sample from which the

profile was derived was taken, or

(ii) if the profile was derived from more than one DNA

sample, the date on which the first of those samples was

taken.

9 35Material retained for purposes of national security

After section 63K of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 8) insert—

"63L Retention of section 63D material for purposes of national security

(1) Section 63D material may be retained for as long as a national security

40determination made by the responsible chief officer of police has effect

in relation to it.

(2) A national security determination is made if the responsible chief

officer of police determines that it is necessary for any section 63D

material to be retained for the purposes of national security.

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(3) A national security determination—

(a) must be made in writing,

(b) has effect for a maximum of 2 years beginning with the date on

which it is made, and

(c) 5may be renewed.

10 Material given voluntarily

After section 63L of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 9) insert—

"63M Retention of section 63D material given voluntarily

(1) 10This section applies to the following section 63D material—

(a) fingerprints taken with the consent of the person from whom

they were taken, and

(b) a DNA profile derived from a DNA sample taken with the

consent of the person from whom the sample was taken.

(2) 15Material to which this section applies may be retained until it has

fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken or derived.

(3) Material to which this section applies which relates to—

(a) a person who is convicted of a recordable offence, or

(b) a person who has previously been convicted of a recordable

20offence (other than a person who has only one exempt

conviction),

may be retained indefinitely.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3)(b), a conviction is exempt if it is in

respect of a recordable offence, other than a qualifying offence,

25committed when the person is aged under 18.

11 Material retained with consent

After section 63M of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 10) insert—

"63N Retention of section 63D material with consent

(1) 30This section applies to the following material—

(a) fingerprints (other than fingerprints taken under section

61(6A)) to which section 63D applies, and

(b) a DNA profile to which section 63D applies.

(2) If the person to whom the material relates consents to material to which

35this section applies being retained, the material may be retained for as

long as that person consents to it being retained.

(3) Consent given under this section—

(a) must be in writing, and

(b) can be withdrawn at any time.

12 40Material obtained for one purpose and used for another

After section 63N of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

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section 11) insert—

"63O Section 63D material obtained for one purpose and used for another

(1) Subsection (2) applies if section 63D material which is taken (or, in the

case of a DNA profile, derived from a sample taken) from a person in

5connection with the investigation of an offence leads to the person to

whom the material relates being arrested for or charged with, or

convicted of, an offence other than the offence under investigation.

(2) Sections 63E to 63N and sections 63P and 63S have effect in relation to

the material as if the material was taken (or, in the case of a DNA

10profile, derived from a sample taken) in connection with the

investigation of the offence in respect of which the person is arrested or

charged.

13 Destruction of copies

After section 63O of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

15section 12) insert—

63P Destruction of copies of section 63D material

(1) If fingerprints are required by section 63D to be destroyed, any copies

of the fingerprints held by the police must also be destroyed.

(2) If a DNA profile is required by that section to be destroyed, no copy

20may be retained by the police except in a form which does not include

information which identifies the person to whom the DNA profile

relates.

Destruction rules for samples and impressions of footwear subject to PACE

14 Destruction of samples

25After section 63P of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (for which see

section 13) insert—

63Q Destruction of samples

(1) This section applies to samples—

(a) taken from a person under any power conferred by this Part of

30this Act, or

(b) taken by the police, with the consent of the person from whom

they were taken, in connection with the investigation of an

offence by the police.

(2) Samples to which this section applies must be destroyed if it appears to

35the responsible chief officer of police that—

(a) the taking of the samples was unlawful, or

(b) the samples were taken from a person in connection with that

person’s arrest and the arrest was unlawful or based on

mistaken identity.

(3) 40Subject to this, the rule in subsection (4) or (as the case may be) (5)

applies.

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