Make provision relating to the licensing of charging, publicly-available,
privately-owned car parks; to require local authorities to introduce a licensing
system for such car parks; to enable local authorities to recover the costs of
such a licensing scheme from car park operators; and for connected purposes.
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
The Secretary of State must, within a period of twelve months beginning with
the day on which this Act is passed, require local authorities in England to
introduce a licensing scheme for charging, publicly-available, privately-owned
(2) In this Act—
a “charging, publicly-available” car park means a car park where a
consumer must pay a monetary amount for the use of space on a
privately-owned, normally publicly-available premises for the purpose
of parking a motor vehicle;
“private parking operator” means an operator of a charging, publicly-
available car park.
The requirements on local authorities under subsection (1) must be set out in
regulations made by the Secretary of State by statutory instrument, which shall
be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of
(4) The regulations must include—
the criteria which private parking operators must satisfy to acquire a
licence, to include but not be limited to commitments to—
impose only fixed penalty charges in accordance with the
not send correspondence which a reasonably-minded person
would consider intimidating or threatening, and
Consumer Protection (Private Car Parks) BillPage 2
(iii) clearly display terms and conditions at each car parking site,
the maximum level of fixed penalty charges which can be imposed
under the licensing scheme,
provision for the costs incurred by each local authority in setting up
and administering the licensing process to be recovered by a levy on
private parking operators operating within that local authority area,
provision for local authorities to permit exemptions from the licensing
details of the penalties which should apply to any non-licensed private
parking operator which—
(i) issues penalty charge notices,
(ii) charges fees for individuals to park their vehicle, or
acquires vehicle registration details from the Driver and Vehicle
Licensing Agency for the purpose of issuing penalty charge
notices or charging fees, including third party operators
requesting such details through a fully-licensed private parking
(f) the maximum period for which a licence will be valid.
(5) The regulations may also include—
(a) related consequential, saving, transitory or transitional provision, and
any other related provision considered necessary by the Secretary of
There is to be paid out of money provided by Parliament any expenditure incurred in
consequence of this Act by a Minister of the Crown, government department or other
There shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund any sums received by a Minister of the
Crown by virtue of this Act.
(1) This Act may be cited as the Consumer Protection (Private Car Parks) Act 2011.
(2) This Act comes into force on the day on which it is passed.
(3) This Act extends to England and Wales only.