Make provision that occupiers of dwellings owned by certain forms of co-
operatives shall occupy those dwellings by virtue of their membership of the
co-operative and not as tenants or under any other type of property interest; to
make provision for co-operative tenure and for the respective rights and
obligations of the co-operative and its members; and for connected purposes.
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
The rights of occupation by a person of a dwelling owned by a fully mutual
housing co-operative shall derive from membership of the fully mutual
housing co-operative and from the terms of the member’s occupancy
agreement and none of the laws relating to landlord and tenant shall apply to
such occupation save as expressly set out in this Act.
In this Act the words “fully mutual” in relation to a housing co-operative mean
that the rules of the co-operative—
restrict membership to persons who are occupiers or prospective
occupiers of dwellings owned by the co-operative, and
preclude allowing anyone other than members and members’
households to occupy the dwellings.
Where this section applies and the conditions in section 3 are met the occupier
occupies by virtue of co-operative tenure only and such right to occupy shall
not be an estate or interest in land, but shall confer on the occupier a right to
occupy the dwelling to the exclusion of all others for so long as the rules of the
co-operative and the terms of the member’s occupancy agreement permit.
This Act applies only in relation to dwellings located wholly in England.
Co-operative Housing Tenure BillPage 2
(1) Section 1 shall apply only if the following conditions are met.
Condition 1 is that the co-operative is the owner whether freehold or leasehold
of the dwelling and no other person holds a leasehold interest of the dwelling
from the co-operative.
Condition 2 is that the occupier took up occupation on or after the date of
commencement of this Act.
Condition 3 is that the co-operative served notice on the occupier before
occupation commenced to the effect that this Act would apply to their
(5) Condition 4 is that the rules of the co-operative—
make provision either within the rules or within a document referred
to in the rules for the terms on which members occupy the co-
operative’s dwellings, and that such provisions comply with Section 7,
make provision for the co-operative, in general meeting subject to not
less than two thirds of the members who vote at the meeting voting in
favour, to make regulations for the orderly and sustainable
management of the dwellings and other property assets owned by the
Section 262(6)(b) of the Housing Act 2004 is amended by inserting after the
word “licensee” the words “or as a person occupying under co-operative
tenure as defined in the Co-operative Housing Tenure Act 2012.”.
Nothing in the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 shall prevent a co-operative
from making regulations in accordance with rules adopted in order to meet
Condition 4(b) in section 3.
(1) This section applies when—
(a) a member of a co-operative occupies by virtue of co-operative tenure,
the rules of the co-operative enable investment by members whether
through payment for the co-operative’s shares, loan stock or otherwise,
(c) a member does so invest.
Section 6 of the Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1965 (Maximum
shareholding in society) shall not apply.
Any shares or loan stock acquired in accordance with the co-operative’s rules
shall be capable of being assigned by the member to another, whether to
another actual or potential member or by way of security, and the co-
operative’s rules shall make provision for any conditions to be attached to or
procedures to be followed to give effect to such assignments as the co-
operative thinks fit.
Any mortgagee or chargee shall give notice to the co-operative of their interest
and the co-operative shall maintain a register of such interests which shall be
Co-operative Housing Tenure BillPage 3
available for inspection by members, prospective members and mortgagees
and prospective mortgagees.
Any shares or loan stock acquired in accordance with the co-operative’s rules
shall vest under the member’s will or on the member’s intestacy in the same
manner as any other property and section 23 of the Industrial and Provident
Societies Act 1965 (nomination to property in society) shall not apply.
A mortgagee or chargee of such shares or loan stock may in the event of default
by the member require that the co-operative accepts as a member the person to
whom the mortgagee or chargee wish to sell such shares or loan stock, in
accordance with such procedures as the co-operative’s rules may require, and
in such event the defaulting member shall cease to be a member and their right
of occupation shall cease.
Where the occupier occupies by virtue of co-operative tenure and the co-
operative in accordance with its rules and any other applicable written terms
of occupation has ended the occupier’s right to occupy, and the occupier has
not ceased to occupy, the co-operative shall be entitled to apply to the County
Court for a possession order and the court must make an order for possession
if it is satisfied that the occupier’s right to occupy has ended in accordance with
its rules and any other applicable written terms of occupation.
If the member’s right to occupy has been ended and the member does not so
vacate when required by the mortgagee, chargee or receiver of the co-operative
as appropriate, the mortgagee, chargee or receiver shall be entitled to apply to
the County Court for a possession order and the court must make an order for
possession if it is satisfied that the mortgagee, chargee or receiver is entitled to
gain possession under the terms of their mortgage or charge or to comply with
the terms on a community share or loan stock issue made by the co-operative
if the following conditions are met.
Condition 1 is that the co-operative has granted a mortgage or charge over the
dwelling whether as security for loans or in connection with the raising of
finance through a community share or loan stock issue.
Condition 2 is that the member’s agreement makes provision for the dwelling
to be vacated by the member in the event of the co-operative defaulting.
(5) The court may refuse to grant an order for possession under Section 6(1) if—
the member has appealed against the decision to end the member’s
right to occupy, and
the court is satisfied that the co-operative has failed to consider the
appeal in accordance with the provisions for the appeal made in or
under the co-operative’s rules or that the decision on the appeal is
otherwise wrong in law.
In order to comply with Condition 4(a) in Section 3(5) the member’s occupancy
agreement must make provision for the matters in this section, and may also
make provision for other matters—
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the division of repair and maintenance responsibilities for the dwelling
and all common parts and communal areas between the co-operative
and the member,
the responsibility of the co-operative to ensure that any gas appliance
provided by the co-operative is adequately serviced, inspected and
certified as safe by a Gas Safe engineer on an annual basis,
whether or not the member has an equity interest in the value of the co-
operative’s dwellings and if they have such an interest the terms on
which they may assign or charge it,
the right of the member to appeal against a decision to terminate the
member’s occupancy agreement unless such right is in the co-
the member’s obligation to comply with regulations made by the co-
operative in accordance with its rules for the sustainable and orderly
management of the homes owned by the co-operative, and
the circumstances in which the member’s right of occupancy may be
terminated by the co-operative and the member’s right of appeal
against termination of their occupancy agreement.
(1) This Act may be cited as the Co-operative Housing Tenure Act 2012.
This Act comes into force at the end of the period of 9 months beginning with
the day on which it is passed.
This Act extends to England and Wales only.