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(b) under a special destination (in Scotland), or

(c) by or under anything corresponding to survivorship or a special destination under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom.

(3) The settled property component is made up of all the settled property comprised in the estate in which there subsisted, immediately before D’s death, an interest in possession to which D was beneficially entitled immediately before death.

(4) The general component is made up of all the property comprised in the estate other than—

(a) property in the survivorship component,

(b) property in the settled property component, and

(c) property that forms part of the estate by virtue of section 102(3) of the Finance Act 1986 (gifts with reservation).

The donated amount

4 The donated amount, for a component of the estate, is so much of the value transferred by the relevant transfer as (in total) is attributable to property that—

(a) forms part of that component, and

(b) is property in relation to which section 23(1) applies.

The baseline amount

5 The baseline amount, for a component of the estate, is the amount calculated in accordance with the following steps—

Step 1

Determine the part of the value transferred by the chargeable transfer that is attributable to property in that component.

Step 2

Deduct from the amount determined under Step 1 the appropriate proportion of the available nil-rate band.

“The appropriate proportion” is a proportion equal to the proportion that the amount determined under Step 1 bears to the value transferred by the chargeable transfer as a whole.

“The available nil-rate band” is the amount (if any) by which—

(a) the nil-rate band maximum (increased, where applicable, in accordance with section 8A), exceeds

(b) the sum of the values transferred by previous chargeable transfers made by D in the period of 7 years ending with the date of the relevant transfer.

Step 3

Add to the amount determined under Step 2 an amount equal to so much of the value transferred by the relevant transfer as (in total) is attributable to property that—

(a) forms part of that component, and

(b) is property in relation to which section 23(1) applies.

The result is the baseline amount for that component.

Rules for determining whether charitable giving condition is met

6 (1) For the purpose of calculating the donated amount and the baseline amount, any amount to be arrived at in accordance with section 38(3) or (5) is to be arrived at assuming the rate of tax is the lower rate of tax (see paragraph 2(6)).

(2) For the purpose of calculating the donated amount, section 39A does not apply to a specific gift of property in relation to which section 23(1) applies (but that section does apply to such a gift for the purpose of calculating the baseline amount).

(3) Subject to sub-paragraphs (1) and (2), the provisions of this Act apply for the purpose of calculating the donated amount and the

baseline amount as for the purpose of calculating the tax to be charged on the value transferred by the chargeable transfer.

Election to merge parts of the estate

7 (1) An election may be made under this paragraph if, for a component of the estate, the donated amount is at least 10% of the baseline amount.

(2) That component is referred to as “the qualifying component”.

(3) The effect of the election is that the qualifying component and one or more eligible parts of the estate (as specified in the election) are to be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as if they were a single component.

(4) Accordingly, if the donated amount for that deemed single component is at least 10% of the baseline amount for it, the property in that component is to be included in the part of TP that qualifies for the lower rate of tax.

(5) In relation to the qualifying component—

(a) each one of the other two components of the estate is an “eligible part” of the estate, and

(b) all the property that forms part of the estate by virtue of section 102(3) of the Finance Act 1986 (gifts with reservation) is also an “eligible part” of the estate.

(6) The election must be made by all those who are appropriate persons with respect to the qualifying component and each of the eligible parts to be treated as a single component.

(7) “Appropriate persons” means—

(a) with respect to the survivorship component, all those to whom the property in that component passes on D’s death (or, if they have subsequently died, their personal representatives),

(b) with respect to the settled property component, the trustees of all the settled property in that component,

(c) with respect to the general component, all the personal representatives of D or, if there are none, all those who are liable for the tax attributable to the property in that component, and

(d) with respect to property within paragraph (b) of sub-paragraph (5), all those in whom the property within that paragraph is vested when the election is to be made.

Opting out

8 (1) If an election is made under this paragraph in relation to a component of the estate, this Schedule is to apply as if the donated amount for that component were less than 10% of the baseline amount for it (whether or not it actually is).

(2) The election must be made by all those who are appropriate persons (as defined in paragraph 7(7)) with respect to the component.

Elections: procedure

9 (1) An election under this Schedule must be made by notice in writing to HMRC within two years after D’s death.

(2) An election under this Schedule may be withdrawn by notice in writing to HMRC given—

(a) by all those who would be entitled to make such an election, and

(b) no later than the end of the period of two years and one month after D’s death.

(3) An officer of Revenue and Customs may agree in a particular case to extend the time limit in sub-paragraph (1) or (2)(b) by such period as the officer may allow.

General interpretation

10 In this Schedule, in relation to D—

Consequential amendments

2 IHTA 1984 is amended as follows in consequence of paragraph 1.

3 In section 7 (rates), in subsection (1), after “(4) and (5) below” insert “and to Schedule 1A”.

4 In section 33 (amount of charge under section 32), after subsection (2) insert—

(2ZA) In determining for the purposes of subsection (1)(b)(ii) the rate or rates that would have applied in accordance with subsection (1) of section 7, the effect of Schedule 1A (if it would have applied) is to be disregarded.

5 In section 78 (conditionally exempt occasion), in subsection (3), for “33(3)” substitute “33(2ZA)”.

6 In section 128 (rate of charge: woodlands)—

(a) the existing provisions become subsection (1) of that section, and

(b) after that subsection insert—

(2) In determining for the purposes of subsection (1) the rate or rates at which tax would have been charged on the amount determined under section 127, the effect of Schedule 1A (if it would have applied) is to be disregarded.

7 After section 141 insert—

141A Apportionment of relief under section 141

(1) This section applies if any part of the value transferred by the later transfer qualifies for the lower rate of tax in accordance with Schedule 1A.

(2) The amount of the reduction made under section 141(1) is to be apportioned in accordance with this section.

(3) For each qualifying component, the tax chargeable on so much of the value transferred by the later transfer as is attributable to property in that component (“the relevant part of the tax”) is to be reduced by the appropriate proportion of the amount calculated in accordance with section 141(3).

(4) “The appropriate proportion” is a proportion equal to the proportion that—

(a) the relevant part of the tax, bears to

(b) the tax chargeable on the value transferred by the later transfer as a whole.

(5) If parts of an estate are treated under Schedule 1A as a single component, subsection (3) applies to the single component (and not to individual components forming part of the deemed single component).

(6) If, after making the reductions required by subsection (3), there remains any part of the tax chargeable on the value transferred by the later transfer that has not been reduced, the remaining part of the tax is to be reduced by so much of the amount calculated in accordance with section 141(3) as has not been used up for the purposes of making the reductions required by subsection (3).

(7) In this section—

8 In Schedule 4 (maintenance funds for historic buildings etc), in paragraph 14, after sub-paragraph (2) insert—

(2A) In determining for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) the effective rate or rates at which tax would have been charged on the amount in accordance with section 7(1), the effect of Schedule 1A (if it would have applied) is to be disregarded.

Instruments of variation to be notified to charities etc

9 In section 142 of IHTA 1984 (alteration of dispositions taking effect on

death), after subsection (3) insert—

(3A) Subsection (1) does not apply to a variation by virtue of which any property comprised in the estate immediately before the person’s death becomes property in relation to which section 23(1) applies unless it is shown that the appropriate person has been notified of the existence of the instrument of variation.

(3B) For the purposes of subsection (3A) “the appropriate person” is—

(a) the charity or registered club to which the property is given, or

(b) if the property is to be held on trust for charitable purposes or for the purposes of registered clubs, the trustees in question.

Commencement

10 (1) The Schedule inserted by paragraph 1 has effect in cases where D’s death occurs on or after 6 April 2012 (and the amendments made by paragraphs 3 to 8 are to be read accordingly).

(2) The amendment made by paragraph 9 has effect in cases where the person’s death occurs on or after 6 April 2012.

Section 209

SCHEDULE 33 Bank levy

Introductory

1 Schedule 19 to FA 2011 (bank levy) is amended as follows.

Rates 2012

2 In paragraph 6 (steps for determining the amount of the bank levy), in sub-paragraph (2)—

(a) for “0.039%” substitute “0.044%”, and

(b) for “0.078%” substitute “0.088%”.

3 In paragraph 7 (special provision for chargeable periods falling wholly or partly before 1 January 2012), in sub-paragraph (2)—

(a) for “0.039%” substitute “0.044%”, and

(b) for “0.078%” substitute “0.088%”.

4 The amendments made by paragraphs 2 and 3 are treated as having come into force on 1 January 2012.

Rates from 2013

5 In paragraph 6 (steps for determining the amount of the bank levy), in sub-paragraph (2)—

(a) for “0.044%” substitute “0.0525%”, and

(b) for “0.088%” substitute “0.105%”.

6 (1) In paragraph 7 (special provision for chargeable periods falling wholly or

partly before 1 January 2012) for sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) substitute—

(1) Paragraph 6(2) applies subject to this paragraph if some or all of the chargeable period falls before 1 January 2013.

(2) For Step 7 there is substituted—

Step 7

Determine the proportion (“P%”) (if any) of the chargeable period which falls within each of the periods (“rate periods”) specified in column 1 of the following table.

In relation to each rate period—

Add together the results for each rate period in which some or all of the chargeable period falls to give the amount of the bank levy.

Rate period Rate for long term chargeable equity and liabilities Rate for short term chargeable liabilities
1 January 2011 to 28 February 2011 0.025% 0.05%
1 March 2011 to 30 April 2011 0.05% 0.1%
1 May 2011 to 31 December 2011 0.0375% 0.075%
1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012 0.044% 0.088%
Any time on or after 1 January 2013 0.0525% 0.105%

(2) Accordingly, in the italic heading immediately before that paragraph for “2012” substitute “2013”.

7 The amendments made by paragraphs 5 and 6 come into force on 1 January 2013.

Joint ventures

8 (1) Paragraph 43 (calculation of chargeable equity and liabilities where relevant group has an interest in a joint venture) is amended as follows.

(2) In sub-paragraph (1), for paragraphs (d) and (e) substitute , and

(d) in the absence of this paragraph, none of the liabilities taken into account in determining the amount of the chargeable equity and liabilities of the relevant group would include the JV liabilities.

(3) For sub-paragraph (2) substitute—

(2) For the purposes of determining the chargeable equity and liabilities of the relevant group under paragraph 17 or 19 (as the case may be) the joint venture is to be treated as if—

(a) it were a member of the group in relation to—

(i) the liabilities of the joint venture which consist of the JV liabilities, and

(ii) the assets of the joint venture so far as determined by the relevant interest, and

(b) it were not a member of the group in relation to the remaining liabilities and assets of the joint venture.

9 In paragraph 44 (chargeable equity and liabilities of joint venture: prevention of double charge), in sub-paragraph (7)(b), for the words from “liabilities for” to “27(2)(a)” substitute “taken into account in calculating the chargeable equity and liabilities of V (or where sub-paragraph (6) applies, A)”.”

10 The amendments made by paragraphs 8 and 9 have effect in relation to chargeable periods ending on or after 1 January 2012.

Double taxation relief

11 (1) In paragraph 66 (double taxation arrangements), after sub-paragraph (9) insert—

(9A) If arrangements specified in an order under this paragraph provide for relief from the bank levy for periods before the order is made, regulations under this paragraph which are made on the same day as the order, and come into force on the same day as the order, may make provision in relation to those periods.

(2) After paragraph 67 insert—

Disclosure of information to foreign tax authorities etc

67A (1) If the Treasury by order declares that—

(a) international tax enforcement arrangements which are specified in the order have been made in relation to any territory or territories outside the United Kingdom in association with double taxation arrangements specified under paragraph 66 in the same or a previous order, and

(b) it is expedient that those international tax enforcement arrangements have effect,

those arrangements have effect, and do so in spite of anything in any enactment or instrument.

(2) “International tax enforcement arrangements” means arrangements which relate to one or both of the following—

(a) the exchange of information foreseeably relevant to the administration, enforcement or recovery of the bank levy or any equivalent foreign levy to which the double taxation arrangements relate;

(b) the service of documents relating to the bank levy or any such equivalent foreign levy.

(3) An order under this paragraph revoking an earlier order may contain transitional provisions that appear to the Treasury to be necessary or expedient.

(4) Subsections (4) and (5) of section 173 of FA 2006 (international tax enforcement arrangements: disclosure of information) apply to arrangements which have effect under this paragraph as they apply to arrangements which have effect under that section.

(5) Orders under this paragraph are to be made by statutory instrument.

(6) A statutory instrument containing an order under this paragraph is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.

(3) Accordingly, the italic heading before paragraph 68 is omitted.

Transitional provision

12 (1) This paragraph applies where—

(a) an amount of the bank levy is treated as if it were an amount of corporation tax chargeable on an entity (“E”) for an accounting period of E,

(b) the chargeable period in respect of which the amount of the bank levy is charged falls (or partly falls) on or after 1 January 2012, and

(c) under the Instalment Payment Regulations, one or more instalment payments, in respect of the total liability of E for the accounting period, were treated as becoming due and payable before the commencement date (“pre-commencement instalment payments”).

(2) Paragraphs 2 to 10 are to be ignored for the purpose of determining the amount of any pre-commencement instalment payment.

(3) If there is at least one instalment payment, in respect of the total liability of E for the accounting period, which under the Instalment Payment Regulations is treated as becoming due and payable on or after the commencement date (“post-commencement instalment payments”), the amount of that instalment payment, or the first of them, is to be increased by the adjustment amount.

(4) If there are no post-commencement instalment payments, a further instalment payment, in respect of the total liability of E for the accounting period, of an amount equal to the adjustment amount is to be treated as

becoming due and payable at the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the commencement date.

(5) “The adjustment amount” is the difference between—

(a) the aggregate amount of the pre-commencement instalments determined in accordance with sub-paragraph (2), and

(b) the aggregate amount of those instalment payments determined ignoring sub-paragraph (2) (and so taking account of paragraphs 2 to 10).

(6) In the Instalment Payment Regulations—

(a) in regulations 6(1)(a), 7(2), 8(1)(a) and (2)(a), 9(5), 10(1), 11(1) and 13, references to regulation 4A, 4B, 4C, 4D, 5, 5A or 5B of those Regulations are to be read as including a reference to sub-paragraphs (1) to (5) (and in regulation 7(2) “the regulation in question”, and in regulation 8(2) “that regulation”, are to be read accordingly), and

(b) in regulation 9(3), the reference to those Regulations is to be read as including a reference to sub-paragraphs (1) to (5).

(7) In section 59D of TMA 1970 (general rule as to when corporation tax is due and payable), in subsection (5), the reference to section 59E is to be read as including a reference to this paragraph.

(8) In this paragraph—

and references to the total liability of E for an accounting period are to be construed in accordance with regulation 2(3) of the Instalment Payment Regulations.

Section 212

SCHEDULE 34 Stamp duty land tax: higher rate for certain transactions

Introductory

1 Part 4 of FA 2003 (stamp duty land tax) is amended in accordance with paragraphs 2 to 9.

Higher rate of tax: main provisions

2 (1) Section 55 (amount of tax chargeable: general) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (1), after “chargeable transaction” insert “to which this section applies”.

(3) After that subsection insert—

(1A) This section applies to any chargeable transaction other than a transaction to which paragraph 3 of Schedule 4A or step 4 of section 74(1A) (higher rate for certain transactions) applies.

(4) In subsection (2), for “That percentage” substitute “The percentage mentioned in subsection (1)”.

(5) In subsection (5), for “74” substitute “74(2) and (3)”.

(6) In subsection (7), after “this section” insert “, step 4 of section 74(1A) or paragraph 3 of Schedule 4A”.

3 After section 55 insert—

55A Amount of tax chargeable: higher rate for certain transactions

Schedule 4A provides for the calculation of the tax chargeable in respect of certain transactions involving higher threshold interests in dwellings.

4 After Schedule 4 insert—

Schedule 4A Stamp duty land tax: higher rate for certain transactions

Meaning of “higher threshold interest”

1 (1) In this paragraph “interest in a single dwelling” means so much of the subject-matter of a chargeable transaction as consists of a chargeable interest in or over a single dwelling (together with appurtenant rights).

(2) An interest in a single dwelling is a higher threshold interest for the purposes of this Schedule if chargeable consideration of more than £2,000,000 is attributable to that interest.

Transactions involving a higher threshold interest

2 (1) Sub-paragraphs (2) to (8) apply to a chargeable transaction whose subject-matter consists of or includes a higher threshold interest.

(2) If the main subject-matter of the transaction consists entirely of higher threshold interests, the transaction is a high-value residential transaction for the purposes of paragraph 3.

(3) If the main subject-matter of the transaction includes a chargeable interest other than a higher threshold interest, the transaction (“the primary transaction”) is to be treated for the relevant purposes as two separate chargeable transactions as follows—

(a) a transaction whose subject-matter is all the higher threshold interests, together with any appurtenant rights;

(b) a transaction whose subject-matter is the remainder of the subject-matter of the primary transaction.

(4) For those purposes, the chargeable consideration for a transaction treated as occurring under sub-paragraph (3) is so much of the chargeable consideration for the primary transaction as is attributable to that transaction.

(5) The transaction mentioned in sub-paragraph (3)(a) is a high-value residential transaction for the purposes of paragraph 3.

(6) “Relevant purposes” means the purposes of—

(a) paragraphs 3 and 5 of this Schedule,

(b) section 55 (amount of tax chargeable: general),

(c) Schedule 5 (amount of tax chargeable: rent),

(d) Schedule 6B (transfers involving multiple dwellings), and

(e) any other provision of this Part, so far as it is necessary because of any of paragraphs (a) to (d) to treat the purposes in question as relevant purposes.

(7) If a transaction treated under sub-paragraph (3) as two separate transactions is notifiable, each of the separate transactions (but not the primary transaction) is also treated as a separate, and notifiable, transaction for the purposes of section 76 (duty to deliver land transaction return).

(8) The provisions relating to land transaction returns are to be read with any adjustments that may be necessary as a result of sub-paragraph (7).

(9) The reference in sub-paragraph (1) to a chargeable transaction does not include a transaction to which section 74 (exercise of collective rights by tenants of flats) or section 75 (crofting community right to buy) applies.

Amount of tax chargeable: higher rate for certain transactions

3 (1) Where this paragraph applies to a chargeable transaction—

(a) the amount of tax chargeable in respect of the transaction is 15% of the chargeable consideration for the transaction, and

(b) the transaction is not taken to be linked to any other transaction for the purposes of section 55(4).

(2) This paragraph applies to a chargeable transaction if—

(a) the transaction is a high-value residential transaction, and

(b) the condition in sub-paragraph (3) is met.

(3) The condition is that—

(a) the purchaser is a company,

(b) the acquisition is made by or on behalf of the members of a partnership one or more of whose members is a company, or

(c) the acquisition is made for the purposes of a collective investment scheme.

(4) References in sub-paragraph (3) to a company do not include a company acting in its capacity as trustee of a settlement.

(5) If there are two or more purchasers acting jointly, the condition in sub-paragraph (3) is treated as met if it is met in relation to at least one of those purchasers.

(6) In relation to a transfer of an interest in a partnership that is a chargeable transaction by virtue of paragraph 17(2) of Schedule 15, sub-paragraph (3) has effect as if the following were

substituted for paragraph (b) of that sub-paragraph—

(b) the purchasers (see paragraph 17(3) of Schedule 15) include a company, or.

(7) In relation to an event that is a chargeable transaction by virtue of paragraph 17A(4) of that Schedule, sub-paragraph (3) has effect as if the following were substituted for paragraph (b) of that sub-paragraph—

(b) the purchasers (see paragraph 17A(5) of Schedule 15) include a company, or.

(8) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3), paragraph 3 of Schedule 16 (bare trustees) applies as if sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) of that paragraph were omitted.

(9) In the case of a transaction for which the whole or part of the chargeable consideration is rent, this paragraph has effect subject to section 56 and Schedule 5 (amount of tax chargeable: rent).

(10) The Treasury may by order amend this paragraph for the purpose of limiting the circumstances in which the condition in sub-paragraph (3) is to be treated as met.

Acquisitions of interests in the same dwelling through different transactions

4 (1) Sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) apply if—

(a) the subject-matter of a chargeable transaction includes a chargeable interest in or over a dwelling,

(b) one or more land transactions, the subject-matter of each of which includes a chargeable interest in or over the dwelling, are linked to that chargeable transaction, and

(c) the total consideration attributable to the interests mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) (and to any appurtenant rights, but disregarding any rent) is more than £2,000,000.

(2) Each of those chargeable interests is treated as a higher threshold interest for the purposes of this Schedule.

(3) If the condition in paragraph 3(3) is met in the case of the transaction mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(a), it is also treated as met in the case of each transaction mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(b) that is a chargeable transaction.

(4) The transactions referred to in this paragraph do not include any transaction to which section 74 (exercise of collective rights by tenants of flats) or section 75 (crofting community right to buy) applies.

Property developers

5 (1) A company is treated as not being a company for the purposes of paragraph 3(3)(a) if—

(a) the company acquires the subject-matter of the chargeable transaction in the course of a bona fide property

development business and for the sole purpose of developing and reselling the land, and

(b) the company has carried on that business for at least two years before the effective date of the transaction.

(2) Where the subject-matter of a chargeable transaction is acquired by or on behalf of the members of a partnership, those members are taken not to include a company for the purposes of paragraph 3(3)(b) if—

(a) that subject-matter is acquired in the course of a bona fide property development business and for the sole purpose of developing and reselling the land, and

(b) the partnership has carried on that business for at least two years before the effective date of the transaction.

(3) In relation to a transfer of an interest in a partnership that is a chargeable transaction by virtue of paragraph 17(2) of Schedule 15 (“the partnership transfer”) the purchasers are treated as not including a company for the purposes of paragraph 3(3)(b) (as modified by paragraph 3(6)) if—

(a) the acquisition effected by the land transfer referred to in paragraph 17(1)(a) of that Schedule was made in the course of a bona fide property development business, and for the sole purpose of developing and reselling the land, and

(b) the partnership is continuing to carry on that business at the effective date of the partnership transfer, and has carried it on for at least two years before that date.

(4) In relation to an event that is a chargeable transaction by virtue of paragraph 17A(4) of Schedule 15 (“the qualifying event”) the purchasers are treated as not including a company for the purposes of paragraph 3(3)(b) (as modified by paragraph 3(7)) if—

(a) the acquisition effected by the land transfer referred to in paragraph 17A(1)(a) of that Schedule was made in the course of a bona fide property development business, and for the sole purpose of developing and reselling the land, and

(b) the partnership is continuing to carry on that business at the effective date of the qualifying event, and has carried it on for at least two years before that date.

(5) A property development business is a business that consists of or includes buying, and redeveloping for resale, residential property.

(6) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b) a property development business is treated as having been carried on by the company at any time when it was carried on by a company which is a member of the same group as the company.

(7) Companies are members of the same group for the purposes of this paragraph if they are members of the same group for the purposes of group relief (see paragraph 1 of Schedule 7).

Partnerships: application of paragraph 2 to certain transactions

6 (1) Sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) apply where the subject-matter of a transaction to which Part 3 of Schedule 15 applies consists of or includes a higher threshold interest.

(2) The transaction is not to be treated as a high-value residential transaction by virtue of paragraph 2(2) unless the chargeable consideration for the transaction is more than £2,000,000.

(3) Paragraph 2(3) to (8) does not apply to the transaction if—

(a) the subject-matter of the transaction includes a chargeable interest other than a higher threshold interest, and

(b) the result of applying paragraph 2(3) and (4) would be that chargeable consideration of £2,000,000 or less would be attributable to the separate transaction mentioned in paragraph 2(3)(a).

(4) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) and paragraph 2, the subject-matter (and the main subject-matter) of a transfer of an interest in a partnership that is a chargeable transaction by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph 14 of Schedule 15 is—

(a) if the transfer is a Type A transfer, the relevant partnership property as defined in sub-paragraph (5) of that paragraph, or

(b) if the transfer is a Type B transfer, the relevant partnership property as defined in sub-paragraph (5A) of that paragraph.

(5) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) and paragraph 2, the subject-matter (and the main subject-matter) of a transfer of an interest in a partnership that is a chargeable transaction by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph 17 of Schedule 15 is the subject-matter of the land transfer referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) of that paragraph.

(6) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) and paragraph 2, the subject-matter (and the main subject-matter) of a chargeable transaction that is treated as occurring by virtue of sub-paragraph (4) of paragraph 17A of Schedule 15 is the subject-matter of the land transfer referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) of that paragraph.

Meaning of “dwelling”

7 (1) This paragraph sets out rules for determining what counts as a dwelling for the purposes of this Schedule.

(2) A building or part of a building counts as a dwelling if—

(a) it is used or suitable for use as a single dwelling, or

(b) it is in the process of being constructed or adapted for such use.

(3) Land that is, or is to be, occupied or enjoyed with a dwelling as a garden or grounds (including any building or structure on such land) is taken to be part of that dwelling.

(4) Land that subsists, or is to subsist, for the benefit of a dwelling is taken to be part of the dwelling.

(5) The subject-matter of a transaction is also taken to include an interest in a dwelling if—

(a) substantial performance of a contract constitutes the effective date of that transaction by virtue of a relevant deeming provision,

(b) the main subject-matter of the transaction consists of or includes an interest in a building, or a part of a building, that is to be constructed or adapted under the contract for use as a single dwelling, and

(c) construction or adaptation of the building, or part of the building, has not begun by the time the contract is substantially performed.

(6) In sub-paragraph (5) “contract”, “relevant deeming provision” and “substantially performed” have the same meaning as in paragraph 7(5) of Schedule 6B.

(7) A building or part of a building used for a purpose specified in section 116(2) or (3) is not used as a dwelling for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) or (5).

(8) Where a building or part of a building is used for a purpose mentioned in sub-paragraph (7), no account is to be taken for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) of its suitability for any other use.

8 (1) The Treasury may by order amend paragraph 7 so as to specify cases where use of a building is to be use of a building as a dwelling for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) or (5) of that paragraph.

(2) The reference in section 116(8)(a) (power to amend section 116(2) and (3)) to “the purposes of subsection (1)” includes a reference to the purposes of paragraph 7(2) and (5).

Interpretation

9 In this Schedule—

Higher rate of tax: exercise of collective rights by tenants of flats

5 (1) Section 74 (exercise of collective rights by tenants of flats) is amended as follows.

(2) After subsection (1) insert—

(1A) The rate of tax is determined as follows.

(NONE) Step 1

Determine the fraction of the relevant consideration produced by dividing the total amount of that consideration by the number of qualifying flats contained in the premises.

(NONE) Step 2

If the amount produced by step 1 is £2,000,000 or less, determine the rate of tax and the tax chargeable in accordance with subsections (2) and (3).

(NONE) Step 3

If the amount produced by step 1 is more than £2,000,000 and the condition in paragraph 3(3) of Schedule 4A is not met with respect to the transaction, determine the rate of tax and the tax chargeable in accordance with subsections (2) and (3).

(NONE) Step 4

If the amount produced by step 1 is more than £2,000,000 and the condition in paragraph 3(3) of Schedule 4A is met with respect to the transaction, subsections (2) and (3) do not apply, and the amount of tax chargeable in respect of the transaction is 15% of the chargeable consideration for the transaction.

(3) For subsection (2) substitute—

(2) The rate of tax is determined under section 55 by reference to the fraction of the relevant consideration calculated under step 1 of subsection (1A).

Minor and consequential amendments

6 (1) Section 109 (general power to vary Part 4 of FA 2003 by regulations) is amended as follows.

(2) After subsection (2) insert—

(2A) The power under subsection (2)(b) includes power to alter the conditions for the application to a chargeable transaction of paragraph 3 of Schedule 4A (higher rate for certain transactions), other than the condition that the transaction must be a high-value residential transaction.

(3) In subsection (3)—

(a) for “subsection (2)(b),” substitute “subsections (2)(b) and (2A),”,

(b) omit the “or” at the end of paragraph (a), and

(c) after that paragraph insert—

(aa) section 74(1A) (exercise of collective rights by tenants of flats),

(ab) Schedule 4A (amount of tax chargeable: high-value interests in dwellings), or.

7 (1) Schedule 5 (amount of tax chargeable: rent) is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph 9—

(a) in sub-paragraph (4)—

(i) after “section 55” insert “or 74(1A)”, and

(ii) after “Schedule” (in the second place it occurs) insert “4A or”, and

(b) in sub-paragraph (5)—

(i) for “that section” substitute “section 55”, and

(ii) after “Schedule” (in the second place it occurs) insert “6B”.

(3) In paragraph 9A(1), for “where there is chargeable consideration other than rent.” substitute where—

(a) there is chargeable consideration other than rent, and

(b) section 55 (amount of tax chargeable: general) applies to the transaction (whether as a result of paragraph 2 of Schedule 4A or otherwise).

8 In paragraph 2(4) of Schedule 6B (transfers involving multiple dwellings)—

(a) omit the “or” at the end of paragraph (a), and

(b) after that paragraph insert—

(aa) paragraph 3 of Schedule 4A applies to it, or.

9 (1) Schedule 15 (partnerships) is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraphs 11(2C) and 19(2C), in the substituted sub-paragraph (4)—

(a) after “section 55” insert “or 74(1A)”, and

(b) after “Schedule” (in the second place it occurs) insert “4A or”.

(3) In paragraph 30(2)—

(a) for “either or both” substitute “one or more”, and

(b) after paragraph (a) insert—

(aa) paragraph 3 of Schedule 4A applies to the transaction;.

Application of amendments

10 (1) Except as mentioned in sub-paragraph (2), the amendments made by this Schedule have effect in relation to any land transaction of which the effective date is on or after 21 March 2012.

(2) Those amendments do not have effect in relation to any transaction that is—

(a) effected in pursuance of a contract entered into and substantially performed before 21 March 2012,

(b) effected in pursuance of a contract entered into before that date and not excluded by sub-paragraph (3), or

(c) excepted by sub-paragraph (4).

(3) A transaction effected in pursuance of a contract entered into before 21 March 2012 is excluded by this sub-paragraph if—

(a) there is any variation of the contract, or assignment (or assignation) of rights under the contract, on or after 21 March 2012,

(b) the transaction is effected in consequence of the exercise on or after that date of any option, right of pre-emption or similar right, or

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