Session 2012 - 13
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Finance Bill
Schedule 20 — Controlled foreign companies and foreign permanent establishments
Part 1 — Controlled foreign companies

466

 

371KB   

The basic rule

(1)   

The excluded territories exemption applies for a CFC’s accounting

period if—

(a)   

the CFC is resident (see section 371KC) in an excluded

territory for the accounting period,

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(b)   

the total of the following amounts is no more than the

threshold amount for the accounting period (see section

371KD)—

(i)   

the CFC’s category A income (if any) for the

accounting period (see sections 371KE and 371KF),

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(ii)   

the CFC’s category B income (if any) for the

accounting period (see section 371KG),

(iii)   

the CFC’s category C income (if any) for the

accounting period (see section 371KH), and

(iv)   

the CFC’s category D income (if any) for the

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accounting period (see section 371KI),

(c)   

the IP condition is met (see section 371KJ), and

(d)   

the CFC is not, at any time during the accounting period,

involved in an arrangement the main purpose, or one of the

main purposes, of which is to obtain a tax advantage for any

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person.

(2)   

In this Chapter “excluded territory” means a territory specified as

such in regulations made by the HMRC Commissioners.

(3)   

The HMRC Commissioners may also by regulations, in relation to

CFCs resident in a specified excluded territory or to other specified

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cases, do one or more of the following—

(a)   

provide that one or both of the requirements set out in

subsection (1)(b) and (c) does not have to be met in order for

the excluded territories exemption to apply;

(b)   

modify one or both of those requirements, including by

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modifying any provision of this Chapter mentioned in

subsection (1)(b) or (c);

(c)   

specify further requirements which must be met in order for

the excluded territories exemption to apply.

(4)   

If an amount is included in more than one of the categories of income

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mentioned in subsection (1)(b)(i) to (iv), the amount is to be counted

only once in determining if the threshold amount is exceeded.

371KC   

How to determine the territory in which a CFC is resident

(1)   

For the purposes of this Chapter the territory in which a CFC is

resident for an accounting period is to be determined in accordance

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with this section; and in this Chapter “the CFC’s territory” means

that territory as so determined.

(2)   

The CFC is taken to be resident in the territory determined in

accordance with section 371TA.

(3)   

But section 371TA(1)(b) is to be applied only if, at all times during the

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accounting period, the CFC or persons with interests in the CFC are

liable under the law of the territory in question to tax on the CFC’s

income.

 
 

Finance Bill
Schedule 20 — Controlled foreign companies and foreign permanent establishments
Part 1 — Controlled foreign companies

467

 

(4)   

If, as a result of subsection (3), no territory of residence can be

determined, the excluded territories exemption cannot apply for the

accounting period.

371KD   

What is “the threshold amount”?

(1)   

The threshold amount for a CFC’s accounting period is—

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(a)   

10% of the CFC’s accounting profits for the accounting

period, or

(b)   

if more, £50,000.

(2)   

If the accounting period is less than 12 months, the amount specified

in subsection (1)(b) is to be reduced proportionately.

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(3)   

In this Chapter references to a CFC’s accounting profits for an

accounting period are to be read ignoring section 371VD(6) and (7).

371KE   

Category A income: the basic rule

(1)   

A CFC’s category A income for an accounting period consists of any

gross amounts (that is, amounts before deduction of expenses or

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transfers to or from reserves) of any relevant income to which

subsection (3), (4) or (5) applies.

This is subject to section 371KF.

(2)   

“Relevant income” means any income of the CFC which—

(a)   

is brought into account in determining the CFC’s accounting

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profits for the accounting period, or

(b)   

is not so brought into account but arises in the accounting

period.

(3)   

This subsection applies to any relevant income (apart from any

dividend or other distribution of a company) so far as it is exempt

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from tax in the CFC’s territory.

(4)   

This subsection applies to any relevant income so far as the tax which

falls to be paid in respect of the relevant income in the CFC’s territory

is at a reduced rate by virtue of a provision having effect under the

law of that territory the purpose of which is (wholly or mainly) to

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encourage (directly or indirectly) investment in that territory.

(5)   

This subsection applies to any relevant income if—

(a)   

any tax falls to be paid in respect of the relevant income in the

CFC’s territory,

(b)   

under the law of that territory, the CFC, any person who has

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an interest in the CFC or any person connected with the CFC

is entitled to any repayment of tax or any payment in respect

of a credit for tax, and

(c)   

that repayment or payment—

(i)   

is directly or indirectly in respect of the whole or part

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of the tax mentioned in paragraph (a), but

(ii)   

is not a form of relief in respect of losses incurred by

the CFC.

371KF   

Category A income: permanent establishments in excluded territories

(1)   

This section applies if—

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Finance Bill
Schedule 20 — Controlled foreign companies and foreign permanent establishments
Part 1 — Controlled foreign companies

468

 

(a)   

a CFC’s category A income for an accounting period would

include (apart from this section) the gross amount of any

relevant income which arises from the activities of a

permanent establishment (“PE”) which the CFC has in a

territory outside the CFC’s territory, and

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(b)   

the territory in which PE is established is an excluded

territory.

(2)   

The gross amount of that relevant income is to be included in the

CFC’s category A income only so far as it would also have been

included had the references in section 371KE(3) to (5) to the CFC’s

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territory instead been references to the territory in which PE is

established.

371KG   

Category B income

(1)   

A CFC’s category B income for an accounting period consists of any

notional interest which—

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(a)   

is deducted from any of the CFC’s relevant income for tax

purposes under the law of the CFC’s territory or any territory

in which the CFC has a permanent establishment, but

(b)   

is not deducted in determining the CFC’s assumed taxable

total profits for the accounting period.

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(2)   

But the CFC’s category B income is not to exceed its relevant non-

local income.

(3)   

“Notional interest” means an amount representing a notional

interest expense or other financing charge calculated by reference to

any of the CFC’s equity or debt.

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(4)   

“Relevant income” has the same meaning as in section 371KE.

(5)   

“Relevant non-local income” means the gross amount (that is, the

amount before deduction of expenses or transfers to or from

reserves) of any non-trading income—

(a)   

which is included in the CFC’s relevant income, and

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(b)   

which is received (directly or indirectly) from—

(i)   

a person resident outside the CFC’s territory, or

(ii)   

a permanent establishment which a person resident

in the CFC’s territory (apart from the CFC itself) has

in a territory outside the CFC’s territory.

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371KH   

Category C income

A CFC’s category C income for an accounting period is the total of

the following amounts—

(a)   

amounts included in the CFC’s accounting profits for the

period which fall within section 371VD(3)(a) (whether or not

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those amounts would have been included in those profits

apart from section 371VD(3)(a)), and

(b)   

amounts included in those profits by virtue only of section

371VD(3)(b).

 
 

Finance Bill
Schedule 20 — Controlled foreign companies and foreign permanent establishments
Part 1 — Controlled foreign companies

469

 

371KI   

Category D income

(1)   

A CFC’s category D income for an accounting period consists of the

gross amounts (that is, the amounts before deduction of expenses or

transfers to or from reserves) of any income which—

(a)   

is brought into account in determining the CFC’s accounting

5

profits for the accounting period, and

(b)   

is to be included in the CFC’s category D income in

accordance with subsection (3) or (4).

(2)   

Subsection (3) applies if—

(a)   

income arises from any provision made or imposed by means

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of an arrangement as between the CFC and any company

connected with the CFC,

(b)   

in the CFC’s territory, the income is reduced by an amount

(“the relevant amount”) for tax purposes on the basis that the

income is more than what it would have been had the

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company connected with the CFC not been connected with

the CFC, and

(c)   

there is not in any territory a corresponding increase for tax

purposes in the income of a company connected with the

CFC.

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(3)   

The relevant amount is to be included in the CFC’s category D

income.

(4)   

Income is to be included in the CFC’s category D income so far as the

tax which falls to be paid in respect of the income in the CFC’s

territory is at a reduced rate by virtue of a ruling or other decision or

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an arrangement made in relation to the CFC by a governmental

authority in that territory.

371KJ   

The IP condition

(1)   

This section applies for the purposes of section 371KB(1)(c).

(2)   

The IP condition is met unless—

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(a)   

the CFC’s assumed total profits for the accounting period

include amounts arising from intellectual property held by

the CFC (“the exploited IP”),

(b)   

all or parts of the exploited IP were—

(i)   

transferred (directly or indirectly) to the CFC by

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persons related to the CFC at times during the

relevant period, or

(ii)   

otherwise derived (directly or indirectly) at times

during that period out of or from intellectual property

held at times during that period by persons related to

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the CFC,

(c)   

as a result of those transfers or other derivations, the value of

the intellectual property held by those persons related to the

CFC, taken together, has been significantly reduced from

what it would otherwise have been, and

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(d)   

if only parts of the exploited IP were so transferred or

derived, the significance condition is met.

(3)   

The significance condition is met if—

 
 

Finance Bill
Schedule 20 — Controlled foreign companies and foreign permanent establishments
Part 1 — Controlled foreign companies

470

 

(a)   

the parts of the exploited IP (“the UK derived IP”) which

were transferred or otherwise derived as mentioned in

subsection (2)(b) are, taken together, a significant part of the

exploited IP, or

(b)   

as a result of the transfers or other derivations of the UK

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derived IP, the CFC’s assumed total profits for the

accounting period are significantly higher than what they

would otherwise have been.

(4)   

In relation to a non-UK resident person who is related to the CFC, in

this section references to the transfer or holding of intellectual

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property by a person related to the CFC are limited to, as the case

may be—

(a)   

the transfer of intellectual property which before the transfer

was held by the non-UK resident person (wholly or partly)

for the purposes of a permanent establishment which the

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person has in the United Kingdom, or

(b)   

the holding of intellectual property by the non-UK resident

person (wholly or partly) for those purposes.

(5)   

“The relevant period” means the period covering the accounting

period and the 6 years before the accounting period.

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Chapter 12

The low profits exemption

371LA   

Introduction to Chapter

This Chapter sets out an exemption called “the low profits

exemption” for the purposes of section 371BA(2)(b).

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371LB   

The basic rule

(1)   

The low profits exemption applies for a CFC’s accounting period if

subsection (2), (3), (4) or (5) applies.

(2)   

This subsection applies if the CFC’s accounting profits for the

accounting period are no more than £50,000.

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(3)   

This subsection applies if the CFC’s assumed taxable total profits for

the accounting period are no more than £50,000.

(4)   

This subsection applies if—

(a)   

the CFC’s accounting profits for the accounting period are no

more than £500,000, and

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(b)   

the amount of those profits representing non-trading income

is no more than £50,000.

(5)   

This subsection applies if—

(a)   

the CFC’s assumed taxable total profits for the accounting

period are no more than £500,000, and

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(b)   

the amount of those profits representing non-trading income

is no more than £50,000.

(6)   

If the accounting period is less than 12 months, the amounts specified

in subsections (2), (3), (4)(a) and (b) and (5)(a) and (b) are to be

reduced proportionately.

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Revised 9 May 2012