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CHAPTER 3 General provision

Interpretation

66 Airports

(1) In this Part “airport” means an aerodrome within the meaning of the Civil
5Aviation Act 1982 together with other land, buildings and structures used for
the purposes of—

(a) the landing and taking off of aircraft at the aerodrome,

(b) the manoeuvring, parking or servicing of aircraft between landing and
take-off at the aerodrome, including the supply of fuel,

(c) 10the arrival or departure of persons carried or to be carried as passengers
by air transport services operating to or from the aerodrome, together
with their baggage,

(d) the arrival or departure of cargo carried or to be carried by such
services,

(e) 15the processing of such persons, baggage and cargo between their
arrival and departure, and

(f) the arrival or departure of persons who work at the airport.

(2) Section 67 makes further provision about what is and is not included in an
airport for the purposes of this Part.

(3) 20The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, for the purposes of this
Part, land, buildings and other structures specified in the regulations, or of a
description specified in the regulations, are or are not—

(a) part of an airport, or

(b) part of the core area of an airport.

(4) 25The regulations may, in particular—

(a) modify subsection (1)(a) to (f) and section 67, and

(b) modify the definition of the core area of an airport in section 5.

(5) In this section “modify” includes amend or repeal.

67 Airports: supplementary

(1) 30An airport includes, in particular—

(a) a passenger terminal,

(b) the forecourt of a passenger terminal,

(c) a qualifying car park,

(d) a cargo processing area,

(e) 35land, buildings and other structures used for air traffic services, and

(f) land, buildings and other structures used for the purposes of
transferring passengers, baggage or cargo—

(i) between passenger terminals or cargo processing areas that
form part of the airport, or

(ii) 40between such terminals or areas and aircraft using the airport,

subject to the following provisions of this section.

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(2) The forecourt of a passenger terminal includes an area that—

(a) is used by road vehicles to pick up or drop off passengers using the
terminal, and

(b) has pedestrian access to the terminal,

5other than a car park, bus station, tram station or railway station.

(3) A car park is a qualifying car park if—

(a) it is part of a passenger terminal that forms part of the airport, or

(b) it has pedestrian access to such a terminal.

(4) An airport does not include a hotel, unless it is situated in a passenger terminal
10that forms part of the airport.

(5) An airport does not include a bus station, tram station or railway station.

(6) For the purposes of section 66(1) when a person arrives at, or departs from, an
airport other than in an aircraft the person’s arrival or departure takes place on
arrival at or departure from—

(a) 15a passenger terminal that is part of the airport,

(b) the forecourt of such a terminal, or

(c) a qualifying car park that is part of the airport.

(7) For the purposes of section 66(1)

(a) when cargo arrives at an airport other than in an aircraft its arrival takes
20place when it is first unloaded from the vehicle in which it arrives, and

(b) when cargo departs from an airport other than in an aircraft its
departure takes place when it is loaded on to the vehicle in which it is
to depart.

68 Airport operation services

(1) 25In this Part “airport operation services” means services provided at an airport
for the purposes of—

(a) the landing and taking off of aircraft,

(b) the manoeuvring, parking or servicing of aircraft, including the supply
of fuel,

(c) 30the arrival or departure of passengers and their baggage,

(d) the arrival or departure of cargo,

(e) the processing of passengers, baggage or cargo between their arrival
and departure, or

(f) the arrival or departure of persons who work at the airport.

(2) 35Section 67(6) and (7) apply for the purposes of subsection (1) as they apply for
the purposes of section 66(1).

(3) “Airport operation services” include, in particular, the provision at an airport
of—

(a) groundhandling services described in the Annex to Council Directive
4096/67/EC of 15 October 1996 on access to the groundhandling market
at Community airports (as amended from time to time),

(b) facilities for car parking, and

(c) facilities for shops and other retail businesses.

(4) “Airport operation services” do not include—

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(a) air transport services,

(b) air traffic services, or

(c) services provided in shops or as part of other retail businesses.

(5) For the purposes of this Part—

(a) 5“airport operation services” include permitting a person to access or
use land that forms part of an airport or facilities at an airport for a
purpose described in subsection (1)(a) to (f), and

(b) a person who permits another to access or use land that forms part of
an airport area, or facilities in an airport area, for such a purpose is to
10be treated as providing airport operation services in that area.

(6) The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, for the purposes of this
Part, services are or are not to be treated as airport operation services.

(7) The regulations may, in particular, modify subsections (1) to (5).

(8) In this section “modify” includes amend or repeal.

69 15Air transport services

(1) In this Part—

(2) In this Part references to users of air transport services include future users of
25such services.

70 Joint operators of areas

(1) Two or more persons are joint operators of an airport area where they jointly
have overall responsibility for the management of all of the area.

(2) Regulations under section 9 may include provision about when two or more
30persons are or are not to be treated for the purposes of this Part as jointly
having such responsibility.

(3) The CAA’s power under section 10 to make a determination includes power to
determine whether, in a particular case, two or more persons have such
responsibility.

(4) 35The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, where there are joint
operators of an airport area, the provisions of Chapters 1 and 3 of this Part
(other than this section) apply in relation to the operators and the area with the
modifications specified in the regulations.

71 Connected persons

(1) 40For the purposes of this Part one person is connected with another if they are
group undertakings in relation to each other.

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(2) “Group undertaking” has the same meaning as in the Companies Acts (see
section 1161 of the Companies Act 2006).

(3) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about when one
person is connected with another for the purposes of this Part, including
5provision amending or otherwise modifying subsections (1) and (2).

72 Minor definitions and index

(1) In this Part—

(2) References in this Part to providing a service, however expressed, include
providing a facility (and related expressions are to be interpreted accordingly).

(3) References in this Part to a building or other structure are to any building or
40structure, whether above or below ground.

(4) References in this Part to a notice are to a notice in writing.

(5) References in this Part to remedying the consequences of a contravention of a
licence condition or requirement include paying an amount to a person—

(a) by way of compensation for loss or damage suffered by the person, or

(b) 45in respect of annoyance, inconvenience or anxiety suffered by the
person.

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(6) Schedule 7 (index of defined expressions) has effect.

Other general provision

73 Regulations

(1) Regulations under this Part—

(a) 5may make different provision for different cases,

(b) may make provision generally or only for particular cases, and

(c) may make consequential, incidental, supplemental, transitional,
transitory or saving provision.

(2) Regulations under this Part are to be made by statutory instrument.

(3) 10A statutory instrument containing regulations under the following provisions
is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of
Parliament—

(a) section 28(9);

(b) section 77;

(c) 15paragraph 32 of Schedule 2;

(d) paragraph 6 of Schedule 6.

(4) A statutory instrument containing other regulations under this Part may not be
made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by a
resolution of, each House of Parliament.

74 20Publication and production of documents

(1) Where a person is required to publish something by this Part, the person must
publish it in such form and manner as the person considers appropriate for
bringing it to the attention of persons likely to be affected by it.

(2) A person to whom a document is produced under this Part may take copies of
25the document.

75 Sending documents

(1) A document required or authorised by this Part to be sent to a person may be
sent—

(a) by delivering it to the person or by leaving it at the person’s proper
30address or by sending it by post to the person at that address,

(b) if the person is a body corporate, by sending it in accordance with
paragraph (a) to the secretary of the body or to any other person
authorised to receive the document on behalf of the body, or

(c) if the person is a partnership, by sending it in accordance with
35paragraph (a) to a partner or a person having the control or
management of the partnership business.

(2) For the purposes of this section and section 7 of the Interpretation Act 1978
(service of documents by post) in its application to this section, the proper
address of a person to whom a document is to be sent is the person’s last
40known address, except that—

(a) if the person is a body corporate, it is the address of the registered or
principal office of the body, and

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(b) if the person is a partnership or a partner or a person having the control
or management of the partnership business, it is the address of the
principal office of the partnership.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2) the principal office of a company constituted
5under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom or of a
partnership carrying on business outside the United Kingdom is its principal
office within the United Kingdom.

(4) Subsection (5) applies if a person to whom a document is to be sent by another
person under this Part has specified to that other person an address within the
10United Kingdom other than the proper address (as determined under
subsection (2)) as the one to which documents of the same description as the
document should be sent.

(5) In relation to that document, that address must be treated as the person’s
proper address for the purposes of this section and section 7 of the
15Interpretation Act 1978 in its application to this section, instead of that
determined under subsection (2).

(6) This section does not apply to a document if rules of court make provision
about how or where it should be sent.

(7) In this section references to sending include references to similar expressions
20(such as giving).

76 Minor, consequential and transitional provision

(1) Part 4 of the Airports Act 1986 (economic regulation of airports) is repealed.

(2) Part 4 of the Airports (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/426 (N.I. 1)S.I. 1994/426 (N.I. 1))
(economic regulation of airports) is revoked.

(3) 25Schedule 8 (status of airport operators as statutory undertakers etc) has effect.

(4) Schedule 9 (regulation of operators of dominant airports: consequential
provision) has effect.

(5) Schedule 10 (regulation of operators of dominant airports: transitional
provision) has effect.

77 30Crown application

(1) Chapter 2 of this Part binds the Crown to the extent that it applies or modifies
provisions of the Competition Act 1998, subject to section 73 of that Act.

(2) The following provisions of this Part bind the Crown—

(a) Chapter 1, other than sections 50 to 52, and

(b) 35Chapter 3,

subject to subsections (3) and (5) to (9).

(3) Chapters 1 and 3 of this Part do not affect Her Majesty in her private capacity.

(4) Subsection (3) is to be read as if section 38(3) of the Crown Proceedings Act
1947 (meaning of Her Majesty in her private capacity) were contained in this
40Part.

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(5) Nothing in Chapters 1 and 3 of this Part prevents a person from requiring
payment of, or recovering, charges in respect of services provided in the course
of carrying out exempt Crown functions.

(6) If the operator of an airport area (“area C”) exercises overall responsibility for
5its management in the course of carrying out exempt Crown functions—

(a) section 7(2) (requirement to make market power determination) does
not apply in respect of area C,

(b) section 14(4) (deemed application for licence where airport area
becomes dominant) does not apply in relation to the operator, and

(c) 10the absence of a licence in respect of area C does not prevent a person
from requiring payment of, or recovering, charges in respect of services
provided in area C or another area that forms part of the same airport.

(7) Nothing in Chapters 1 and 3 of this Part prevents a person from requiring
payment of, or recovering, charges in respect of services provided in an exempt
15Crown airport area.

(8) The absence of a licence in respect of an exempt Crown airport area does not
prevent a person from requiring payment of, or recovering, charges in respect
of services provided in another area that forms part of the same airport.

(9) A licence must not include conditions relating to services provided in an
20exempt Crown airport area.

(10) For the purposes of this section, an airport area is an exempt Crown airport
area if—

(a) it consists of all or part of a small airport,

(b) the operator of the airport area is the Crown or a person acting on
25behalf of the Crown, and

(c) the airport area is exempted for the purposes of this section by the
Secretary of State by regulations.

(11) For the purposes of this section, an airport is a small airport during a calendar
year if in the previous calendar year—

(a) 30the number of passenger movements at the airport did not exceed 5
million, or

(b) the airport was not open to commercial traffic.

(12) In this section—

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Part 2 Other aviation matters

Aviation security

78 Aviation security directions etc

(1) 5Part 2 of the Aviation Security Act 1982 (protection of civil aviation against acts
of violence and other unlawful interference) is amended as follows.

(2) After section 14 insert—

14A Review by CAA

(1) The CAA must keep under review the directions under sections 12 to
1014 for the time being in force.

(2) The CAA must, when it considers it appropriate, make
recommendations to the Secretary of State about those directions and
about the giving of further directions under those sections.

(3) The CAA must make the recommendations in the form specified by the
15Secretary of State.

(3) After section 16 insert—

16A Directions requiring national security vetting

(1) This section applies where a direction under any of sections 12 to 14
makes provision requiring an individual who carries on, or wishes to
20carry on, an activity specified or described in the direction to be subject
to national security vetting by the CAA.

(2) The CAA must make arrangements for carrying out that vetting,
including—

(a) arrangements for renewing and withdrawing clearance, and

(b) 25arrangements for appeals.

(3) The Secretary of State may give directions to the CAA in connection
with the arrangements, including directions as to—

(a) steps to be included in the vetting process,

(b) time limits for completing such steps, and

(c) 30the period for which clearance is to remain valid.

(4) The CAA must comply with a direction given to it under this section.

(5) This section does not affect any other power relating to national
security vetting.

(4) After section 23 insert—

23A 35Functions of CAA under this Part

(1) The CAA must carry out the functions conferred on it by or under this
Part of this Act with a view to achieving the purposes to which this Part
of this Act applies.

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(2) If the CAA considers that there is a conflict between its duty under
subsection (1) and its duty under section 4 of the Civil Aviation Act
1982 (CAA’s general objectives) it must—

(a) consult the Secretary of State, and

(b) 5resolve the conflict in the manner directed by the Secretary of
State,

and doing so is to be treated for all purposes as compliance with
subsection (1) of this section and section 4 of that Act.

(5) In section 24A(1) (interpretation)—

(a) 10for the definition of “authorised person” substitute—

(b) after that definition insert—

(6) Schedule 11 (aviation security directions etc: minor and consequential
amendments) has effect.

79 Approved providers of aviation security services

(1) Section 20A of the Aviation Security Act 1982 (aviation security services:
20approved providers) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (2), for “provide for the Secretary of State to maintain a list of
persons who are approved by him” substitute “provide for the CAA to
maintain a list of persons who are approved by it”.

(3) In subsection (3)—

(a) 25before paragraph (a) insert—

(za) provide for approval to be given, and persons to be
listed, in respect of the provision of the aviation security
service generally or only at a particular location;,

(b) in paragraphs (a) and (b) for “that service” substitute “the provision of
30that service generally or at the relevant location”,

(c) after paragraph (d) insert—

(da) make provision about factors to be taken into account
when deciding whether to grant an application;,

(d) after paragraph (e) insert—

(ea) 35make provision for employees of persons who are listed
in respect of the provision of an aviation security service
generally or at a particular location to be treated as listed
in respect of the provision of that service generally or at
that location (as appropriate) in specified
40circumstances;,

(e) in paragraph (f), after “are listed” insert “, or employees of such
persons,”,

(f) after that paragraph insert—

(fa) make provision about other conditions with which
45persons who apply to be listed or who are listed, or
employees of such persons, must comply;,

(g) in paragraph (g) omit “which shall include provision for appeal”, and

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(h) in paragraph (i) after “functions” insert “on the CAA,”.

(4) After subsection (3) insert—

(3A) The regulations must—

(a) include provision for appeals against the refusal of applications
5for inclusion in a list,

(b) include provision for appeals against removal from a list, and

(c) if they make provision described in subsection (3)(f) or (fa),
include provision for appeals against the conditions.

(5) After subsection (5) insert—

(5A) 10In subsection (5) “listed person”, in relation to an aviation security
service, means a person who is listed in respect of the provision of that
service generally or at the relevant location.

80 Advice and assistance in connection with aviation security

After section 21G of the Aviation Security Act 1982 insert—

15Advice and assistance
21H Provision of advice and assistance to Secretary of State

(1) The CAA must provide such advice and assistance to the Secretary of
State as the Secretary of State requires in connection with matters
relevant to the purposes to which this Part of this Act applies.

(2) 20A requirement under subsection (1) may be expressed so as to operate
as a continuing requirement on the CAA.

(3) Nothing in this section affects the generality of section 16 of the Civil
Aviation Act 1982 (provision by CAA of assistance etc for Secretary of
State and others).

21I 25Provision of advice and assistance to other persons

(1) The CAA must provide such advice and assistance to the persons listed
in subsection (3) as it considers appropriate having regard to the
purposes to which this Part of this Act applies.

(2) The CAA may, in particular, provide advice and assistance to such
30persons in connection with measures that they are required to take by
directions under sections 12 to 14.

(3) Those persons are—

(a) managers of aerodromes in the United Kingdom,

(b) authorities responsible for air navigation installations in the
35United Kingdom,

(c) operators of aircraft registered or operating in the United
Kingdom,

(d) persons occupying land forming part of an aerodrome or air
navigation installation in the United Kingdom,

(e) 40persons permitted to have access to a security restricted area of
such an aerodrome or air navigation installation for the
purposes of carrying on a business, and

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