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Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 20

(a) engaged in conduct that is lawful under section 220 of the Trade Union
and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (peaceful picketing), or

(b) taking part in a public procession of the kind mentioned in subsection
(1) of section 11 of the Public Order Act 1986 in respect of which—

(i) 5written notice has been given in accordance with that section, or

(ii) written notice is not required to be given as provided by
subsections (1) and (2) of that section.

35 Surrender of property

(1) A constable who gives a person a direction under section 33 may also direct the
10person to surrender to the constable any item in the person’s possession or
control that the constable reasonably believes has been used or is likely to be
used in behaviour that harasses, alarms or distresses members of the public.

(2) A direction under this section must be given in writing, unless that is not
reasonably practicable.

(3) 15A constable who gives a person a direction under this section must (unless it is
not reasonably practicable)—

(a) tell the person that failing without reasonable excuse to comply with
the direction is an offence, and

(b) give the person information in writing about when and how the person
20may recover the surrendered item.

(4) The surrendered item must not be returned to the person before the end of the
exclusion period.

(5) If after the end of that period the person asks for the item to be returned, it must
be returned (unless there is power to retain it under another enactment).

(6) 25But if it appears to a constable that the person is under the age of 16 and is not
accompanied by a parent or other responsible adult, the item may be retained
until the person is so accompanied.

(7) If the person has not asked for the return of the item before the end of the
period of 28 days beginning with the day on which the direction was given, the
30item may be destroyed or otherwise disposed of.

36 Record-keeping

(1) A constable who gives a direction under section 33 must make a record of—

(a) the individual to whom the direction is given,

(b) the time at which the direction is given, and

(c) 35the terms of the direction (including in particular the area to which it
relates and the exclusion period).

(2) A constable who withdraws or varies a direction under section 33 must make
a record of—

(a) the time at which the direction is withdrawn or varied,

(b) 40whether notice of the withdrawal or variation is given to the person to
whom the direction was given and if it is, at what time, and

(c) if the direction is varied, the terms of the variation.

(3) A constable who gives a direction under section 35 must make a record of—

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 21

(a) the individual to whom the direction is given,

(b) the time at which the direction is given, and

(c) the item to which the direction relates.

37 Offences

(1) 5A person given a direction under section 33 who fails without reasonable
excuse to comply with it commits an offence.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary
conviction—

(a) to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 3 months, or

(b) 10to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale,

or to both.

(3) A person given a direction under section 35 who fails without reasonable
excuse to comply with it commits an offence.

(4) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (3) is liable on summary
15conviction to a fine not exceeding level 2 on the standard scale.

38 Powers of community support officers

(1) Schedule 4 to the Police Reform Act 2002 (powers of community support
officers) is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph 2(6), for paragraph (aa) there is substituted—

(aa) 20an offence under section 37 of the Anti-social Behaviour,
Crime and Policing Act 2013;.

(3) For paragraph 4A of Schedule 4 there is substituted—

4A Where a designation applies this paragraph to a person, that person
has within the relevant police area the powers conferred on a
25constable by section 33 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and
Policing Act 2013.

4AB (1) Where a designation applies this paragraph to a person, that person
has within the relevant police area the powers conferred on a
constable by section 35 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and
30Policing Act 2013.

(2) A designation may not apply this paragraph to a person unless a
designation also applies paragraph 4A to that person.

39 Saving and transitional provision

(1) The repeal by this Act of Part 4 of the Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003, and the
35repeal or amendment by this Act of provisions related to that Part, do not apply
in relation to—

(a) an authorisation given under section 30(2) of that Act before the
commencement day, or

(b) anything done in connection with such an authorisation.

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 22

(2) The repeal by this Act of section 27 of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006,
and the repeal or amendment by this Act of provisions related to that section,
do not apply in relation to—

(a) a direction given under that section before the commencement day, or

(b) 5anything done in connection with such a direction.

(3) In this section “commencement day” means the day on which this Part comes
into force.

Part 4 Community protection

CHAPTER 1 10Community protection notices

Community protection notices

40 Power to issue notices

(1) An authorised person may issue a community protection notice to an
individual aged 16 or over, or a body, if satisfied on reasonable grounds that—

(a) 15the conduct of the individual or body is having a detrimental effect, of
a persistent or continuing nature, on the quality of life of those in the
locality, and

(b) the conduct is unreasonable.

(2) In subsection (1) “authorised person” means a person on whom section 50 (or
20an enactment amended by that section) confers power to issue community
protection notices.

(3) A community protection notice is a notice that imposes any of the following
requirements on the individual or body issued with it—

(a) a requirement to stop doing specified things;

(b) 25a requirement to do specified things;

(c) a requirement to take reasonable steps to achieve specified results.

(4) The only requirements that may be imposed are ones that are reasonable to
impose in order—

(a) to prevent the detrimental effect referred to in subsection (1) from
30continuing or recurring, or

(b) to reduce that detrimental effect or to reduce the risk of its continuance
or recurrence.

(5) A community protection notice may not be issued in respect of a matter that
constitutes a statutory nuisance for the purposes of Part 3 of the Environmental
35Protection Act 1990 (see section 79 of that Act).

(6) A person (A) may issue a community protection notice to an individual or
body (B) only if—

(a) B has been given a written warning that the notice will be issued unless
B’s conduct ceases to have the detrimental effect referred to in
40subsection (1), and

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 23

(b) A is satisfied that, despite B having had enough time to deal with the
matter, B’s conduct is still having that effect.

(7) A person issuing a community protection notice must before doing so inform
any body or individual the person thinks appropriate.

(8) 5A community protection notice must—

(a) identify the conduct referred to in subsection (1);

(b) explain the effect of sections 43 to 48.

(9) A community protection notice may specify periods within which, or times by
which, requirements within subsection (3)(b) or (c) are to be complied with.

41 10Occupiers of premises etc

(1) Conduct on, or affecting, premises (other than premises within subsection (2))
that a particular person—

(a) owns,

(b) leases,

(c) 15occupies,

(d) controls,

(e) operates, or

(f) maintains,

is treated for the purposes of section 40 as conduct of that person.

(2) 20Conduct on, or affecting, premises occupied for the purposes of a government
department is treated for the purposes of section 40 as conduct of the Minister
in charge of that department.

(3) This section does not treat an individual’s conduct as that of another person if
that person cannot reasonably be expected to control or affect it.

42 25Occupier or owner unascertainable

(1) This section applies where—

(a) an authorised person has power to issue a community protection
notice,

(b) the detrimental effect referred to in section 40(1) arises from the
30condition of premises or the use to which premises have been put, and

(c) the authorised person has made reasonable enquiries to find out the
name or proper address of the occupier of the premises (or, if the
premises are unoccupied, the owner) but without success.

(2) The authorised person may—

(a) 35post the community protection notice on the premises;

(b) enter the premises, or other premises, to the extent reasonably
necessary for that purpose.

(3) The community protection notice is treated as having been issued to the
occupier of the premises (or, if the premises are unoccupied, the owner) at the
40time the notice is posted.

(4) In this section “authorised person” has the same meaning as in section 40(1).

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 24

43 Appeals against notices

(1) A person issued with a community protection notice may appeal to a
magistrates’ court against the notice on any of the following grounds.

1.

5That the conduct specified in the community protection
notice—

(a)

did not take place,

(b)

has not had a detrimental effect on the quality of life of
those in the locality,

(c)

10has not been of a persistent or continuing nature,

(d)

is not unreasonable, or

(e)

is conduct that the person cannot reasonably be
expected to control or affect.


2. 15That the matter in respect of which the notice was issued
constitutes a statutory nuisance for the purposes of Part 3 of
the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (see section 79 of that
Act).
3. That any of the requirements in the notice, or any of the
20periods within which or times by which they are to be
complied with, are unreasonable.
4. That there is a material defect or error in, or in connection with,
the notice.
5. That the notice was issued to the wrong person.

(2) 25An appeal must be made within the period of 21 days beginning with the day
on which the person is issued with the notice.

(3) A notice against which an appeal is made is of no effect until the appeal is
finally determined or withdrawn.

(4) A magistrates’ court hearing an appeal against a community protection notice
30must—

(a) quash the notice,

(b) modify the notice (for example by extending a period specified in it), or

(c) dismiss the appeal.

Failure to comply with notice

44 35Remedial action by local authority

(1) Where a person issued with a community protection notice (“the defaulter”)
fails to comply with a requirement of the notice, the relevant local authority
may take action under subsection (2) or subsection (3) (or both).

(2) The relevant local authority may have work carried out to ensure that the
40failure is remedied, but only on land that is open to the air.

(3) As regards premises other than land open to the air, if the relevant local
authority issues the defaulter with a notice—

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 25

(a) specifying work it intends to have carried out to ensure that the failure
is remedied,

(b) specifying the estimated cost of the work, and

(c) inviting the defaulter to consent to the work being carried out,

5the authority may have the work carried out if the necessary consent is given.

(4) In subsection (3) “the necessary consent” means the consent of—

(a) the defaulter, and

(b) the owner of the premises on which the work is to be carried out (if that
is not the defaulter).

10Paragraph (b) does not apply where the relevant authority has made
reasonable efforts to contact the owner of the premises but without success.

(5) A person authorised by a local authority to carry out work under this section
may enter any premises to the extent reasonably necessary for that purpose,
except that a person who is only authorised to carry out work under subsection
15(2) may only enter land that is open to the air.

(6) If work is carried out under subsection (2) or (3) and the relevant local
authority issues a notice to the defaulter—

(a) giving details of the work that was carried out, and

(b) specifying an amount that is no more than the cost to the authority of
20having the work carried out,

the defaulter is liable to the authority for that amount (subject to the outcome
of any appeal under subsection (7)).

(7) A person issued with a notice under subsection (6) may appeal to a
magistrates’ court, within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on
25which the notice was issued, on the ground that the amount specified under
subsection (6)(b) is excessive.

(8) A magistrates’ court hearing an appeal under subsection (7) must—

(a) confirm the amount, or

(b) substitute a lower amount.

(9) 30In this section “the relevant local authority” means—

(a) the local authority that issued the community protection notice;

(b) if the community protection notice was not issued by a local authority,
the local authority (or, as the case may be, one of the local authorities)
that could have issued it.

45 35Offence of failing to comply with notice

(1) A person issued with a community protection notice who fails to comply with
it commits an offence.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary
conviction—

(a) 40to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale, in the case of an
individual;

(b) to a fine not exceeding £20,000, in the case of a body.

(3) A person does not commit an offence under this section if the conduct specified
in the community protection notice—

(a) 45did not take place,

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 26

(b) has not had a detrimental effect on the quality of life of those in the
locality,

(c) has not been of a persistent or continuing nature,

(d) is not unreasonable, or

(e) 5is conduct that the person could not reasonably be expected to control
or affect.

(4) A person also does not commit an offence under this section if—

(a) the matter in respect of which the notice was issued constitutes a
statutory nuisance for the purposes of Part 3 of the Environmental
10Protection Act 1990 (see section 79 of that Act),

(b) the alleged offence consists in a failure to comply with a requirement
that was unreasonable, or in a failure to comply within a period or by a
time that was unreasonable, or

(c) the notice was issued to the wrong person.

(5) 15A person also does not commit an offence under this section if—

(a) the person took all reasonable steps to comply with the notice, or

(b) there is some other reasonable excuse for the failure to comply with it.

(6) Subsections (3) to (5) apply only in relation to matters on which the defendant
puts the prosecution to proof.

46 20Remedial orders

(1) A court before which a person is convicted of an offence under section 45 in
respect of a community protection notice may make whatever order the court
thinks appropriate for ensuring that what the notice requires to be done is
done.

(2) 25An order under this section may in particular require the defendant—

(a) to carry out specified work, or

(b) to allow specified work to be carried out by or on behalf of a specified
local authority.

(3) To be specified under subsection (2)(b) a local authority must be—

(a) 30the local authority that issued the community protection notice;

(b) if the community protection notice was not issued by a local authority,
the local authority (or, as the case may be, one of the local authorities)
that could have issued it.

(4) A requirement imposed under subsection (2)(b) does not authorise the person
35carrying out the work to enter the defendant’s home without the defendant’s
consent.

But this does not prevent a defendant who fails to give that consent from being
in breach of the court’s order.

But this does not prevent a defendant who fails to give that consent from being
40in breach of the court’s order.

(5) In subsection (4) “the defendant’s home” means the house, flat, vehicle or other
accommodation where the defendant—

(a) usually lives, or

(b) is living at the time when the work is or would be carried out.

(6) 45If work is carried out under subsection (2)(b) and the local authority specified
under that subsection issues a notice to the defaulter—

(a) giving details of the work that was carried out, and

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 27

(b) specifying an amount that is no more than the cost to the authority of
having the work carried out,

the defaulter is liable to the authority for that amount (subject to the outcome
of any appeal under subsection (7)).

(7) 5A person issued with a notice under subsection (6) may appeal to a
magistrates’ court, within the period of 21 days beginning with the day on
which the notice was issued, on the ground that the amount specified under
subsection (6)(b) is excessive.

(8) A magistrates’ court hearing an appeal under subsection (7) must—

(a) 10confirm the amount, or

(b) substitute a lower amount.

47 Forfeiture of item used in commission of offence

(1) A court before which a person is convicted of an offence under section 45 may
order the forfeiture of any item that was used in the commission of the offence.

(2) 15An order under this section may require a person in possession of the item to
hand it over to a constable as soon as reasonably practicable.

(3) An order under this section may require the item—

(a) to be destroyed, or

(b) to be disposed of in whatever way the order specifies.

(4) 20Where an item ordered to be forfeited under this section is kept by or handed
over to a constable, the police force of which the constable is a member must
ensure that arrangements are made for its destruction or disposal, either—

(a) in accordance with the order, or

(b) if no arrangements are specified in the order, in whatever way seems
25appropriate to the police force.

48 Seizure of item used in commission of offence

(1) If a justice of the peace is satisfied on information on oath that there are
reasonable grounds for suspecting—

(a) that an offence under section 45 has been committed, and

(b) 30that there is an item used in the commission of the offence on premises
specified in the information,

the justice may issue a warrant authorising any constable to enter the premises
within 14 days from the date of issue of the warrant to seize the item.

(2) A constable may use reasonable force, if necessary, in executing a warrant
35under this section.

(3) A constable who has seized an item under a warrant under this section—

(a) may retain the item until any relevant criminal proceedings have been
finally determined, if such proceedings are started before the end of the
period of 28 days following the day on which the item was seized;

(b) 40otherwise, must before the end of that period return the item to the
person from whom it was seized.

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 28

(4) In subsection (3) “relevant criminal proceedings” means proceedings for an
offence under section 45 in the commission of which the item is alleged to have
been used.

49 Fixed penalty notices

(1) 5An authorised person may issue a fixed penalty notice to anyone who that
person has reason to believe has committed an offence under section 45.

(2) In subsection (1) “authorised person” means a person on whom section 50 (or
an enactment amended by that section) confers power to issue fixed penalty
notices under this section.

(3) 10A fixed penalty notice is a notice offering the person to whom it is issued the
opportunity of discharging any liability to conviction for the offence by
payment of a fixed penalty to a local authority specified in the notice.

(4) The local authority specified under subsection (3) must be—

(a) the local authority that issued the community protection notice to
15which the fixed penalty notice relates;

(b) if the community protection notice was not issued by a local authority,
the local authority (or, as the case may be, one of the local authorities)
that could have issued it.

(5) Where a person is issued with a notice under this section in respect of an
20offence—

(a) no proceedings may be taken for the offence before the end of the
period of 14 days following the date of the notice;

(b) the person may not be convicted of the offence if the person pays the
fixed penalty before the end of that period.

(6) 25A fixed penalty notice must—

(a) give reasonably detailed particulars of the circumstances alleged to
constitute the offence;

(b) state the period during which (because of subsection (5)(a))
proceedings will not be taken for the offence;

(c) 30specify the amount of the fixed penalty;

(d) state the name and address of the person to whom the fixed penalty
may be paid;

(e) specify permissible methods of payment.

(7) An amount specified under subsection (6)(c) must not be more than £100.

(8) 35A fixed penalty notice may specify two amounts under subsection (6)(c) and
specify that, if the lower of those amounts is paid within a specified period (of
less than 14 days), that is the amount of the fixed penalty.

(9) Whatever other method may be specified under subsection (6)(e), payment of
a fixed penalty may be made by pre-paying and posting to the person whose
40name is stated under subsection (6)(d), at the stated address, a letter containing
the amount of the penalty (in cash or otherwise).

(10) Where a letter is sent as mentioned in subsection (9), payment is regarded as
having been made at the time at which that letter would be delivered in the
ordinary course of post.

(11) 45In any proceedings, a certificate that—

Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing BillPage 29

(a) purports to be signed by or on behalf of the chief finance officer of the
local authority concerned, and

(b) states that payment of a fixed penalty was, or was not, received by the
dated specified in the certificate,

5is evidence of the facts stated.

(12) In this section “chief finance officer”, in relation to a local authority, means the
person with responsibility for the authority’s financial affairs.

Who may issue notices

50 Authorised persons

(1) 10A community protection notice or a fixed penalty notice may be issued by—

(a) a constable;

(b) the relevant local authority (see subsections (2) and (3));

(c) a person designated by the relevant local authority for the purposes of
this section.

(2) 15For a community protection notice, “the relevant local authority” means the
local authority (or, as the case may be, any of the local authorities) within
whose area the conduct specified in the notice has, according to the notice, been
taking place.

(3) For a fixed penalty notice, “the relevant local authority” means the local
20authority (or, as the case may be, any of the local authorities) within whose area
the offence in question is alleged to have taken place.

(4) Only a person of a description specified in an order made by the Secretary of
State for the purposes of subsection (1)(c) may be designated under that
subsection.

(5) 25In Part 1 of Schedule 4 to the Police Reform Act 2002 (powers exercisable by
community support officers), after paragraph 1ZA there is inserted—

Power to issue community protection notices

1ZB A person shall have the power of a constable to issue a community
protection notice under section 40 of the Anti-social Behaviour,
30Crime and Policing Act 2013 if—

(a) a designation applies this paragraph to that person, and

(b) the conduct specified in the notice has (according to the
notice) been taking place within the relevant police area.

(6) In paragraph 1 of that Schedule (power of community support officers to issue
35fixed penalty notices), after paragraph (ab) of sub-paragraph (2) there is
inserted—

(ac) the power of a constable to issue a fixed penalty notice under
section 49 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing
Act 2013 (fixed penalty notice in respect of failure to comply
40with community protection notice);.

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