Provide for a maximum limit on the number of Peers entitled to vote in the
House of Lords; and to provide for a moratorium on new appointments.
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
With effect from 1 June 2015, the maximum number of peers entitled to vote in
the House of Lords shall be 650.
Between 12 July 2013 and 1 June 2015, the maximum number of new peers
appointed shall not exceed 45.
The limit on the maximum number of new peers in subsection (1) shall not
(a) archbishops and bishops sitting as such, and
(b) any new peer elected in the place of an existing hereditary peer.
In the event that the number of peers entitled to vote in the House of Lords on
1 May 2015 exceeds 650, that number shall be reduced to 650 through a
compulsory retirement process as set out in Section 4.
A peer may retire as a member of the House of Lords by giving notice in
writing to the Clerk of the Parliaments.
Any notice under subsection (2) must specify the date on which retirement is
to take effect, provided that that date shall not be later than 1 May 2015.
On the date specified in any notice under this section, the peer ceases to be a
member of the House of Lords.
(5) Any notice under this section may not be rescinded.
House of Lords (Maximum Membership) BillPage 2
The provisions in subsections (2) to (6) shall apply to any compulsory
retirement process required under section 3.
The order in which peers shall be selected for compulsory retirement shall be
based on seniority.
Seniority shall be calculated on the basis of the length of period that the peer
has been a member of the House of Lords.
The peer with the greatest seniority shall be the first to be selected for
compulsory retirement and subsequent retirees shall be chosen on the same
Any compulsory retirement under the provisions of this section shall take
effect on 31 May 2015 and may not be rescinded.
The provisions relating to compulsory retirement shall exclude archbishops
and bishops sitting as such and any hereditary peers.
Any peer giving notice under Section 3(2) shall at the time of giving notice
specify whether or not that peer wishes his or her title to be converted at the
date of retirement, to a hereditary title without voting rights.
Any peer who elects to have his or her title converted to a hereditary title
without voting rights shall from the date of retirement be deemed to be a
holder of a hereditary peerage.
This Act may be cited as the House of Lords (Maximum Membership) Act 2013.