Provide for the regulation of letting agents; to protect tenants’ deposits; to
require the enforcement of environmental and energy-efficiency standards in
private-sector rented accommodation; to amend the law on secure tenancies;
to provide for fair rent to be applicable to all rented accommodation; to
require landlords not to discriminate against people in receipt of state benefits;
to require local authorities to establish a private rented sector office; and for
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
Every local authority must establish an office of the private rented sector
(“OPRS”) to exercise the functions conferred on the authority by this Act.
(2) In this Act—
“landlord” means a landlord under a private rented sector tenancy;
“local authority” means—
a county council,
a district council,
a London borough council,
the Common Council of the City of London in its capacity as a
the Council of the Isles of Scilly,
and in the rest of this Act (except section 3) references to a local
authority are to the authority for the area in which the premises are
“private rented sector tenancy” means a tenancy of a dwelling under
which the landlord is not a local authority or a registered social
“relevant agency business” has the meaning given by section 3(2); and
“tenant” means a tenant under a private rented sector tenancy.
Regulation of the Private Rented Sector BillPage 2
Every private rented sector tenancy is to be treated as including a term by
which the landlord is under an obligation to the tenant—
where on the commencement day the premises do not meet the
environmental standard, to take such steps as are necessary to bring the
premises to that standard;
where on the commencement day the premises do not meet the energy
efficiency standard, to take such steps as are necessary to bring the
premises to that standard;
from time to time to take such steps as are necessary to keep the
premises at the environmental and energy efficiency standards.
Subsection (1) is without prejudice to any greater obligation owed by the
landlord (under the terms of any enactment or of a particular private rented
sector tenancy, or otherwise).
Every local authority must from time to time inspect premises in its area let
under private rented sector tenancies with a view to ascertaining whether the
premises meet the environmental and energy efficiency standards.
The Secretary of State must make regulations providing for the local authority
to enforce the obligations under subsection (1).
(5) The regulations may include provision, among other things—
(a) for service of notices;
for non-compliance with any requirement of a notice served by the
local authority to be an offence punishable on summary conviction
with a term of imprisonment not exceeding 6 months (12 months in
relation to an offence committed on or after the date on which section
154(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 comes into force) or a fine not
exceeding level 5 on the standard scale or both;
for the local authority to bring proceedings for an offence under the
for the local authority to bring proceedings for an injunction requiring
compliance with any requirement of a notice served by the local
authority or with any obligation owed under subsection (1),
and do not affect the right of the tenant to bring civil proceedings in respect of
any obligation owed under subsection (1).
(6) In this section—
“commencement day” means, in relation to any premises—
the day on which this section comes into force, or
if no private rented sector tenancy of the premises is in existence
on that day, the day of commencement of the first such tenancy
to commence after that day;
“environmental standard” means a living environment meeting the
requirements of the decent homes standard as defined in section 5
(detailed definition) of the document entitled “A Decent Home:
Definition and guidance for implementation” issued by the
Department for Communities and Local Government as updated in
June 2006, or in the corresponding provisions of any re-issued or
amended version of that document for the time being in force;
“energy efficiency standard” means a standard equivalent to an energy
performance certificate rating of “D” or better.
Regulation of the Private Rented Sector BillPage 3
No person shall carry on any relevant agency business unless registered for the
purposes of this section with the local authority for the area in which that
person‘s principal place of business is located (or, if that person has no
principal place of business, with the local authority for each area in which that
person carries on relevant agency business).
“Relevant agency business” means things done by any person in the course of
a business for the purpose of, or with a view to, any of the following—
effecting the introduction of a person who wishes to enter into a private
rented sector tenancy to another such person (including registering the
name or requirements of any person seeking a private sector tenancy
with a view to such introduction);
supplying addresses or particulars of, or issuing any advertisement
relating to, premises to let under private rented sector tenancies;
the creation, or drawing up of an agreement for, a private rented sector
the management or administration of any matter relating to the
creation, commencement, conduct or termination of a private rented
The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about registration
for the purposes of this section.
The regulations must provide that a person is not to be registered unless the
local authority is satisfied that that person is fit and proper to carry on relevant
(5) The regulations may include provision, among other things—
for the attachment of conditions or limitations to a person‘s
(b) for renewal of registration at specified intervals;
(c) for a person’s registration to be cancelled in prescribed circumstances;
for the procedure to be followed in relation to applications for
for the procedure to be followed in relation to cancellation of
for the local authority to charge applicants for registration and
registered persons for the functions performed under this section.
Any person who contravenes subsection (1), or who contravenes or fails to
comply with any condition or limitation attached to that person‘s registration
under this section, commits an offence punishable—
on conviction on indictment, with a term of imprisonment not
exceeding 2 years or a fine or both;
on summary conviction, with a term of imprisonment not exceeding
6six months (12 months in relation to an offence committed on or after
the date on which section 154(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 comes
into force) or a fine not exceeding £20,000 or both.
(7) A local authority may bring proceedings for an offence under subsection (6).
Regulation of the Private Rented Sector BillPage 4
The following new subsections are inserted in section 32 of the Equality Act
2010 (application of Part 4 of that Act)—
For the purposes of sections 33 to 35 insofar as they apply to conduct by
any of the persons mentioned in subsection (7), section 4 is to be read as
including the following additional protected characteristic—
claiming, receiving or being eligible to receive any state benefit.
(7) The persons are—
a landlord, within the meaning of the Regulation of the Private
Rented Sector Act 2014;
a person carrying on any relevant agency business, within the
meaning of section 3 of that Act.”
(2) A local authority may enforce Part 4 of that Act as regards—
(a) the provisions inserted by subsection (1);
(b) any other conduct in connection with a private rented sector tenancy.
Where a tenant has paid a deposit (however described) in connection with a
private rented sector tenancy, and a dispute or difference about its repayment
arises between the tenant and a landlord, or between the tenant and a person
carrying on relevant agency business, the dispute or difference shall at the
request of the tenant be referred to determination by the local authority under
The Secretary of State must make regulations about determinations under
subsection (1) which must, in particular, include provision—
for the purpose of ensuring that determinations are made swiftly and
for a determination to be binding on the person from whom repayment
for the review of, or appeals against, determinations in specified
circumstances (but so that no review or appeal may be considered
unless any determination requiring a payment to the tenant has been
This section applies to a private rented sector tenancy created after the
Housing Act 1988 came into force and which, but for this section, would have
(a) a tenancy for a fixed term of less than five years, or
a periodic tenancy capable of being brought to an end by the landlord
less than five years after it commenced,
and includes a tenancy in existence on the day on which this section comes into
A fixed term tenancy to which this section applies has effect as a tenancy for a
term of five years (and any periodic tenancy which, by virtue of the tenancy
agreement or any enactment, would have come into existence on expiry of a
Regulation of the Private Rented Sector BillPage 5
fixed term of less than five years, shall come into existence at the end of the
period of five years).
A periodic tenancy to which this section applies may not be brought to an end
by the landlord earlier than the end of the period of five years beginning with
the day on which the tenancy commenced.
(4) But subsections (2) and (3) do not affect—
any power of the court to make an order for possession before expiry of
the five year period on a ground prescribed by Schedule 2 to the
Housing Act 1988 other than ground 4 (one year fixed-term tenancy);
subject to any provision made under section 7, the operation of sections
13 to 14B of that Act (increases of rent under assured periodic
Any step purportedly taken by the landlord between 28 February 2014 and the
day on which this section comes into force to bring to an end a tenancy to
which this section applies (other than a step taken for the purpose of
establishing a ground for possession permitted by subsection (4)(a)) shall be
treated as being, and as always having been, of no effect.
The Secretary of State must by regulations make a scheme for the
determination by the local authority of a fair rent, on the application of the
tenant or on its own initiative, in respect of a private rented sector tenancy of
premises situated in—
(a) Greater London, or
an area for the time being designated in an order made by the Secretary
Where a fair rent has been determined under the scheme, the rent recoverable
in respect of the tenancy is limited to the rent so determined.
(3) The scheme must provide—
for the computation of a fair rent by reference to all the circumstances
(other than the personal circumstances of the landlord or tenant) and
on the assumption that demand for similar premises available for
letting in Greater London, or in the area designated by order under
subsection (1)(b), does not greatly exceed supply;
(b) for the duration and renewal of determinations;
(c) for the procedure to be followed in relation to determinations;
(d) for the review of determinations.
The scheme may include incidental, supplemental, consequential and
transitional provision, including provision—
(a) consequentially amending or repealing any enactment about rents;
enabling a local authority to exercise the functions of any person
relating to rents, or transferring such functions to a local authority.
There is to be paid out of money provided by Parliament—
Regulation of the Private Rented Sector BillPage 6
any expenditure incurred under or by virtue of this Act by the Secretary of
State, a Minister of the Crown, a person holding office under Her Majesty or
by a government department, and
any increase attributable to this Act in the sums payable under any other Act
out of money so provided.
(1) An order or regulations under this Act are to be made by statutory instrument.
No instrument containing an order or regulations under this Act is to be made
unless a draft has been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of
The first regulations under this Act are to be laid no later than the end of the
period of four months beginning with the day on which this Act is passed.
(1) This Act may be cited as the Regulation of the Private Rented Sector Act 2014.
Other than in relation to the making of orders and regulations (in respect of
which this Act comes into force on the day on which it is passed), this Act
comes into force at the end of the period of six months beginning with the day
on which it is passed.
(3) This Act extends to England and Wales only.