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and for that purpose, where the authorised person is a body corporate,
“employee” includes a director or officer of the body.

(4) An authorisation under this section may authorise the exercise of the function
to which it relates—

(a) 5either wholly or to the extent specified in the authorisation;

(b) either generally or in cases, circumstances or areas so specified;

(c) either unconditionally or subject to conditions so specified.

(5) An authorisation under this section—

(a) is for the period specified in the authorisation;

(b) 10may be revoked by the local authority;

(c) does not prevent the local authority from exercising the function to
which the authorisation relates.

(6) Anything done or omitted to be done by or in relation to a person authorised
under this section in, or in connection with, the exercise or purported exercise
15of the function to which the authorisation relates is to be treated for all
purposes as done or omitted to be done by or in relation to the local authority.

(7) But subsection (6) does not apply—

(a) for the purposes of the terms of any contract between the authorised
person and the local authority which relate to the function, or

(b) 20for the purposes of any criminal proceedings brought in respect of
anything done or omitted to be done by the authorised person.

(8) Schedule 15 to the Deregulation and Contracting Out Act 1994 (which permits
disclosure of information between local authorities and contractors where that
is necessary for the exercise of the functions concerned, even if that would
25otherwise be unlawful) applies to an authorisation under this section as it
applies to an authorisation by virtue of an order under section 70(2) of that Act.

(9) The Secretary of State may by order—

(a) amend subsection (2) so as to add to or remove from the list a provision
of this Part;

(b) 30amend subsection (1) so as to add to or remove from the list a provision
relating to care and support for adults or support for carers;

(c) impose conditions or other restrictions on the exercise of the power
under subsection (1), whether by amending this section or otherwise.

(10) The provision which may be made in an order under subsection (9) in reliance
35on section 121(7) (supplementary etc. provision in orders under this Act)
includes, in particular, provision as to the rights and obligations of local
authorities and persons authorised under this section in light of the provision
made by the order.

(11) “Function” includes a power to do anything that is calculated to facilitate, or is
40conducive or incidental to, the exercise of a function.

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General

79 Part

1

: interpretation

(1) For the purposes of this Part, an expression in the first column of the following
5table is defined or otherwise explained by the provision of this Act specified in
the second column.

Expression Provision
Abuse Section 42(3)
Accrued costs Section 15(5)
Adult 10Section 2(8)
Adult needing care Section 10(3)
Authority under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 Subsection (3) below
Best interests Subsection (2) below
Cap on care costs Section 15(4)
Capacity, having or lacking 15Subsection (2) below
Care and support plan Section 25
Care account Section 29
Carer (other than in sections 59 to 65) Section 10(3)
Carer’s assessment Sections 10(2) and 12(8) and (9)
Daily living costs, amount attributable to 20Section 15(8)
Deferred payment agreement Section 34
Direct payment Sections 31 and 32
Eligibility criteria Section 13
Financial assessment Section 17(5)
Financial limit 25Section 17(10)
Financial year Section 122
The health service Section 122
Independent personal budget Section 28
Local authority Section 1(4)
Needs assessment 30Sections 9(2) and 12(8) and (9)
Personal budget Section 26
Registered care provider Section 49

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Expression Provision
Support plan Section 25
Well-being Section 1(2)

(2) A reference in this Part to having or lacking capacity, or to a person’s best
5interests, is to be interpreted in accordance with the Mental Capacity Act 2005.

(3) A reference in this Part to being authorised under the Mental Capacity Act 2005
is a reference to being authorised (whether in general or specific terms) as—

(a) a donee of a lasting power of attorney granted under that Act, or

(b) a deputy appointed by the Court of Protection under section 16(2)(b) of
10that Act.

Part 2 Care standards

Quality of services

80 Duty of candour

15In section 20 of the Health and Social Care Act 2008 (regulation of regulated
activities), after subsection (5) insert—

(5A) Regulations under this section must make provision as to the provision
of information in a case where an incident of a specified description
affecting a person’s safety occurs in the course of the person being
20provided with a service.

81 Warning notice

(1) In section 29 of the Health and Social Care Act 2008 (warning notice), after
subsection (1) insert—

(1A) But a warning notice under this section may not be given to an NHS
25trust established under section 25 of the National Health Service Act
2006 or an NHS foundation trust.

(2) In subsections (2) and (3)(a) of that section, after “warning notice” insert “under
this section”.

(3) After that section insert—

29A 30Warning notice: quality of health care

(1) If it appears to the Commission that the quality of health care provided
by an NHS trust established under section 25 of the National Health
Service Act 2006 or by an NHS foundation trust requires significant
improvement, the Commission may give the trust a warning notice.

(2) 35A warning notice under this section is a notice in writing—

(a) stating that the Commission has formed the view that the
quality of health care provided by the trust requires significant
improvement,

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(b) specifying the health care concerned,

(c) giving the Commission’s reasons for its view, and

(d) requiring the trust to make a significant improvement to the
quality of the health care concerned within a specified time.

(3) 5Where a warning notice under this section imposes more than one
requirement under subsection (2)(d), it may specify different times for
different requirements.

(4) The Commission must—

(a) where the notice specifies only one time under subsection
10(2)(d), determine at the end of that time whether the
requirement has been complied with;

(b) where the notice specifies more than one time under subsection
(2)(d), determine at the end of the latest of those times, whether
the requirements have been complied with.

(5) 15Where, having carried out the duty under subsection (4), the
Commission is satisfied that a requirement to which the notice relates
has not been complied with, it—

(a) must decide what action to take in relation to the trust, and

(b) in so deciding in the case of an NHS foundation trust, must
20consider in particular whether to require Monitor to make an
order under section 65D(2) of the National Health Service Act
2006 (appointment of trust special administrator).

(4) In each of the following provisions of that Act, after “section 29” insert “or
29A”—

(a) 25section 32(1)(a) (decisions against which appeal may not be made to the
First-tier tribunal),

(b) section 39(2)(c) (bodies required to be given certain notices), and

(c) section 89(1)(e) and (2) (publication of information relating to
enforcement action).

(5) 30In section 88(1)(d) of that Act (guidance issued by the Commission about
enforcement action), for “section 29” substitute “sections 29 and 29A”.

82 Imposition of licence conditions on NHS foundation trusts

(1) Section 111 of the Health and Social Care Act 2012 (imposition by Monitor of
licence conditions on NHS foundation trusts during transitional period) is
35amended as follows.

(2) After subsection (2) insert—

(2A) Where a warning notice under section 29A of the Health and Social
Care Act 2008 is given to an NHS foundation trust, Monitor may
include in the trust’s licence such conditions as it considers appropriate
40in connection with the matters to which the notice relates.

(3) In subsections (3) to (5) and (7) to (9), after “subsection (1)” in each place it
appears insert “or (2A)”.

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83 Trust special administration: appointment of administrator

(1) In section 65D of the National Health Service Act 2006 (NHS foundation trusts:
appointment of trust special administrator), in subsection (1)—

(a) after “satisfied that” insert

(a), and

(b) at the end insert , or

(b) there is a serious failure by an NHS foundation trust to
provide services that are of sufficient quality to be
provided under this Act and it is appropriate to make an
10order under subsection (2).

(2) After that subsection insert—

(1A) This section also applies if the Care Quality Commission—

(a) is satisfied that there is a serious failure by an NHS foundation
trust to provide services that are of sufficient quality to be
15provided under this Act and that it is appropriate to make an
order under subsection (2),

(b) informs the regulator that it is satisfied as mentioned in
paragraph (a) and gives the regulator its reasons for being so
satisfied, and

(c) 20requires the regulator to make an order under subsection (2).

(3) In subsection (2) of that section, after “The regulator may” insert “or, where this
section applies as a result of subsection (1A), must”.

(4) After subsection (3) of that section insert—

(3A) Before imposing a requirement as mentioned in subsection (1A)(c), the
25Care Quality Commission must—

(a) consult the Secretary of State and the regulator, and

(b) having done that, consult—

(i) the trust,

(ii) the Board, and

(iii) 30any other person to which the trust provides services
under this Act and which the Commission considers it
appropriate to consult.

(5) In subsection (4) of that section, after “making an order under this section”
insert “(except where it is required to do so as a result of subsection (1A))”.

(6) 35In section 65N of that Act (guidance for trust special administrators), after
subsection (3) insert—

(3A) Before publishing guidance under this section, the Secretary of State
must consult the Care Quality Commission.

(7) In subsection (4) of that section, for “the reference in subsection (1) to the
40Secretary of State is to be read as a reference” substitute “the references in
subsections (1) and (3A) to the Secretary of State are to be read as references”.

(8) In paragraph 24 of Schedule 14 to the Health and Social Care Act 2012
(abolition of NHS trusts in England: consequential amendments to section 65N

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of the National Health Service Act 2006), after sub-paragraph (2) insert—

(2A) In subsection (3A), for “the Secretary of State” substitute “the
regulator”.

84 Trust special administration: objective, consultation and reports

(1) 5In section 65DA of the National Health Service Act 2006 (objective of trust
special administration), in subsection (1), after paragraph (a) (but before the
following “and”) insert—

(aa) that the services whose continuous provision is secured as
mentioned in paragraph (a) are of sufficient safety and quality
10to be provided under this Act,.

(2) After subsection (5) of that section insert—

(5A) Before publishing guidance under subsection (4)(c), the regulator must
consult the Care Quality Commission.

(3) In section 65F of that Act (administrator’s draft report), in subsection (2)—

(a) 15omit the “and” preceding paragraph (b), and

(b) after that paragraph insert , and

(c) the Care Quality Commission.

(4) In subsection (5) of that section, in paragraph (a), for “65DA” substitute
“65DA(1)(a)”.

(5) 20After that subsection insert—

(5A) Nor, in the case of an NHS foundation trust, may the administrator
provide the draft report to the regulator under subsection (1) without
having obtained from the Care Quality Commission a statement that it
considers that the recommendation in the draft report would achieve
25that part of the objective set out in section 65DA(1)(aa).

(6) In subsection (6) of that section—

(a) after “Where the Board” insert “or the Care Quality Commission”,

(b) for “to that effect” substitute “to the effect mentioned in subsection (5)
or (5A)”, and

(c) 30after “, the Board” insert “or (as the case may be) the Commission”.

(7) In section 65G of that Act (consultation plan), in subsection (4), in paragraph
(a), for “65DA” substitute “65DA(1)(a)”.

(8) After that subsection insert—

(4A) Nor may the administrator make a variation to the draft report
35following the consultation period without having obtained from the
Care Quality Commission a statement that it considers that the
recommendation in the draft report as so varied would achieve that
part of the objective set out in section 65DA(1)(aa).

(9) In subsection (5) of that section—

(a) 40after “Where the Board” insert “or the Care Quality Commission”,

(b) for “to that effect” substitute “to the effect mentioned in subsection (4)
or (4A)”, and

(c) after “, the Board” insert “or (as the case may be) the Commission”.

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(10) In section 65H of that Act (consultation requirements)—

(a) in subsection (7), after paragraph (b) insert—

(ba) the Care Quality Commission;, and

(b) in subsection (9), after “subsection (7)(b),” insert “(ba),”.

(11) 5In section 65KB of that Act (Secretary of State’s response to regulator’s
decision), in subsection (1), after paragraph (c) insert—

(ca) that the Care Quality Commission has discharged its functions
for the purposes of this Chapter,.

(12) In subsection (2) of that section, in paragraph (b), after “the regulator” insert
10“and the Care Quality Commission”.

(13) In section 65KD of that Act (Secretary of State’s response to re-submitted final
report), in subsection (3), for “(8)” substitute “(8A)”.

(14) After subsection (8) of that section insert—

(8A) If the notice states that the Care Quality Commission has failed to
15discharge a function—

(a) the Care Quality Commission is to be treated for the purposes
of this Act as having failed to discharge the function, and

(b) the failure is to be treated for those purposes as significant (and
section 82 of the Health and Social Care Act 2008 applies
20accordingly).

(15) In paragraph 15(4) of Schedule 14 to the Health and Social Care Act 2012
(abolition of NHS trusts in England: consequential amendments to section 65F
of the National Health Service Act 2006)—

(a) in the new subsection (2A) to be inserted by paragraph 15(4), in
25paragraph (a), for “65DA” substitute “65DA(1)(a)”,

(b) after that new subsection, insert—

(2AA) Nor may the administrator provide the draft report to the
regulator under subsection (1) without having obtained from
the Care Quality Commission a statement that it considers that
30the recommendation in the draft report would achieve that part
of the objective set out in section 65DA(1)(aa)., and

(c) in the new subsection (2B) to be inserted by paragraph 15(4)—

(i) after “Where the Board” insert “or the Care Quality
Commission”,

(ii) 35for “to that effect” substitute “to the effect mentioned in
subsection (2A) or (2AA)”, and

(iii) after “, the Board” insert “or (as the case may be) the
Commission”.

Care Quality Commission

85 40Restriction on applications for variation or removal of conditions

(1) Section 19 of the Health and Social Care Act 2008 (applications by registered
persons to the Care Quality Commission for variation or removal of
conditions, etc.) is amended as follows.

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(2) In subsection (1), after “Except in case A or B” insert “and subject to subsections
(3A) to (3F)”.

(3) After subsection (3) insert—

(3A) R may not apply under subsection (1)(a) for the variation of a condition
5where either subsection (3B) or (3C) applies.

(3B) This subsection applies where—

(a) the Commission has given R notice under section 26(4)(c) of a
proposal to make that variation (or a variation which would
have substantially the same effect as that variation), and

(b) 10the Commission has not decided not to take that step.

(3C) This subsection applies where—

(a) the Commission has given R notice under section 28(3) of its
decision to make that variation (or a variation which would
have substantially the same effect as that variation), and

(b) 15either the time within which an appeal may be brought has not
expired or, if an appeal has been brought, it has not yet been
determined.

(3D) R may not apply under subsection (1)(a) for the removal of a condition
where either subsection (3E) or (3F) applies.

(3E) 20This subsection applies where—

(a) the Commission has given R notice under section 26(4)(c) of a
proposal to remove that condition, and

(b) the Commission has not decided not to take that step.

(3F) This subsection applies where—

(a) 25the Commission has given R notice under section 28(3) of its
decision to remove that condition, and

(b) either the time within which an appeal may be brought has not
expired or, if an appeal has been brought, it has not yet been
determined.

(4) 30The amendments made by this section do not affect any application made
under section 19(1)(a) of the Health and Social Care Act 2008 before the day on
which those amendments come into force.

86 Unitary board

(1) In paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to the Health and Social Care Act 2008
35(membership of the Care Quality Commission), in sub-paragraph (1)—

(a) after paragraph (a), omit “and”, and

(b) at the end of paragraph (b) insert ,

(c) a chief executive appointed by the members
appointed under paragraphs (a) and (b), and

(d) 40other members appointed by the members appointed
under paragraphs (a) and (b).

(2) After that sub-paragraph, insert—

(1A) The members appointed under sub-paragraph (1)(a) and (b)—

(a) are not employees of the Commission, and

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(b) are referred to in this Schedule as the “non-executive
members”.

(1B) The members appointed under sub-paragraph (1)(c) and (d)—

(a) are employees of the Commission, and

(b) 5are referred to in this Schedule as the “executive members”.

(1C) The number of non-executive members must exceed the number of
executive members.

(3) In sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph—

(a) for “sub-paragraph (1)”, substitute “sub-paragraph (1)(a) and (b)”, and

(b) 10for “the members”, substitute “the non-executive members”.

(4) In sub-paragraph (3) of that paragraph, for “any other member”, substitute
“any other non-executive member”.

(5) In sub-paragraph (4) of that paragraph—

(a) in paragraph (a)—

(i) 15for “other members”, substitute “other non-executive
members”, and

(ii) for “of members who may be appointed”, substitute “of such
members who may be appointed”,

(b) after paragraph (a), omit “and”,

(c) 20in paragraph (b), for “other members”, substitute “other non-executive
members”, and

(d) after paragraph (b), insert—

(c) the limits on the total number of members who may
be appointed, and

(d) 25the minimum total number of members who must be
appointed.

(6) In paragraph 4 of that Schedule (the cross-heading preceding which becomes
“Remuneration and allowances for non-executive members”), in sub-
paragraphs (1) and (2), for “any other member”, substitute “any other non-
30executive member”.

(7) In paragraph 5 of that Schedule (employees), omit sub-paragraph (1).

(8) In sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph, for “such other employees”, substitute
“such employees (in addition to the executive members appointed by the non-
executive members)”.

35Increasing the independence of the Care Quality Commission

87 Chief Inspectors

After paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to the Health and Social Care Act 2008 insert—

Chief Inspectors

3A (1) The non-executive members must—

(a) 40appoint an executive member to be the Chief Inspector of
Hospitals,

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(b) appoint an executive member to be the Chief Inspector of
Adult Social Care, and

(c) appoint an executive member to be the Chief Inspector of
General Practice.

(2) 5Each of those executive members is to exercise such functions of the
Commission on its behalf as it determines.

(3) When exercising functions under sub-paragraph (2), an executive
member must have regard to the importance of safeguarding and
promoting the Commission’s independence from the Secretary of
10State.

88 Independence of the Care Quality Commission

(1) Part 1 of the Health and Social Care Act 2008 (the Care Quality Commission) is
amended as follows.

(2) In section 48 (special reviews or investigations), omit subsection (7) (Secretary
15of State’s power to make regulations as to procedure for representations before
publication of report).

(3) In section 54 (studies as to economy, efficiency etc), in subsections (1) and (3),
omit “, with the approval of the Secretary of State,”.

(4) After subsection (2) of that section, insert—

(2A) 20The Commission may not exercise the power under subsection (1)(a),
so far as it relates to the activity mentioned in subsection (2)(d), without
the approval of the Secretary of State.

(5) In section 55 (publication of results of studies under section 54), omit
subsection (2) (Secretary of State’s power to make regulations as to procedure
25for representations before publication of report).

(6) In section 57 (reviews of data, studies and research), in subsection (1), omit “,
with the approval of the Secretary of State,”.

(7) In section 61 (inspections carried out for registration purposes), omit—

(a) subsection (1) (Secretary of State’s power to make regulations
30specifying frequency etc. of inspections), and

(b) subsection (4) (Secretary of State’s power to make regulations as to
procedure for representations before publication of report).

(8) In section 83 (annual reports), omit subsection (3) (Secretary of State’s power
to direct preparation of separate reports).

(9) 35In paragraph 5 of Schedule 4 (inspection programmes etc.), omit—

(a) in sub-paragraph (1) (preparation of programme etc.), “, or at such
times as the Secretary of State may specify by order,”, and

(b) sub-paragraph (3) (Secretary of State’s power to specify form of
programme etc.).

(10) 40In consequence of subsections (3) and (6), omit section 293(3) and (4) of the
Health and Social Care Act 2012.

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