Offender Rehabilitation Bill (HC Bill 138)

A

BILL

[AS AMENDED IN PUBLIC BILL COMMITTEE]

TO

Make provision about the release, and supervision after release, of offenders;
to make provision about the extension period for extended sentence prisoners;
to make provision about community orders and suspended sentence orders;
and for connected purposes.

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Release and supervision of offenders sentenced to less than 2 years

1 Reduction of cases in which prisoners released unconditionally

In section 243A of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (duty to release prisoners
serving less than 12 months unconditionally once one-half of sentence served),
5for subsection (1) substitute—

(1) This section applies to a fixed-term prisoner if—

(a) the prisoner is serving a sentence which is for a term of 1 day, or

(b) the prisoner—

(i) is serving a sentence which is for a term of less than 12
10months, and

(ii) is aged under 18 on the last day of the requisite custodial
period.

(1A) This section also applies to a fixed-term prisoner if—

(a) the prisoner is serving a sentence which is for a term of less than
1512 months, and

(b) the sentence was imposed in respect of an offence committed
before the day on which section 1 of the Offender Rehabilitation
Act 2013 came into force.

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2 Supervision after end of sentence

(1) Chapter 6 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (sentencing: release,
licences and recall) is amended as follows.

(2) After section 256A insert—

5Supervision of offenders

256AA Supervision after end of sentence of prisoners serving less than 2
years

(1) This section applies where a person (“the offender”) has served a fixed-
term sentence which was for a term of more than 1 day but less than 2
10years, except where—

(a) the offender was aged under 18 on the last day of the requisite
custodial period (as defined in section 243A(3)),

(b) the sentence was an extended sentence imposed under section
226A or 226B, or

(c) 15the sentence was imposed in respect of an offence committed
before the day on which section 2(2) of the Offender
Rehabilitation Act 2013 came into force.

(2) The offender must comply with the supervision requirements during
the supervision period, except at any time when the offender is—

(a) 20in legal custody,

(b) subject to a licence under this Chapter or Chapter 2 of Part 2 of
the 1997 Act, or

(c) subject to DTO supervision.

(3) The supervision requirements are the requirements for the time being
25specified in a notice given to the offender by the Secretary of State (but
see the restrictions in section 256AB).

(4) “The supervision period” is the period which—

(a) begins on the expiry of the sentence, and

(b) ends on the expiry of the period of 12 months beginning
30immediately after the offender has served the requisite
custodial period (as defined in section 244(3)).

(5) The purpose of the supervision period is the rehabilitation of the
offender.

(6) The Secretary of State must have regard to that purpose when
35specifying requirements under this section.

(7) The supervisor must have regard to that purpose when carrying out
functions in relation to the requirements.

(8) In this Chapter, “the supervisor”, in relation to a person subject to
supervision requirements under this section, means an officer of a
40provider of probation services who is for the time being responsible for
discharging the functions conferred by this Chapter on the supervisor
in accordance with arrangements made by the Secretary of State.

(9) In this section “DTO supervision” means supervision under—

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(a) a detention and training order (including an order under
section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006), or

(b) an order under section 104(3)(aa) of the Powers of Criminal
Courts (Sentencing) Act 2002 (breach of supervision
5requirements of detention and training order).

(10) This section has effect subject to section 264(3C)(b) and (3D).

(3) In section 237(1) (meaning of “fixed-term prisoner”), at the end insert—

and “fixed-term sentence” means a sentence falling within paragraph
(a) or (b).

(4) 10In Schedule 1 to this Act—

(a) Part 1 inserts section 256AB of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 which
makes general provision about supervision requirements, and

(b) Part 2 inserts sections 256D and 256E of that Act which make provision
about drug testing requirements and drug appointment requirements.

3 15Breach of supervision requirements

(1) In Chapter 6 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (sentencing: release,
licences and recall), after section 256AB insert—

256AC Breach of supervision requirements imposed under section 256AA

(1) Where it appears on information to a justice of the peace that a person
20has failed to comply with a supervision requirement imposed under
section 256AA, the justice may—

(a) issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place
and time specified in the summons, or

(b) if the information is in writing and on oath, issue a warrant for
25the offender’s arrest.

(2) Any summons or warrant issued under this section must direct the
person to appear or be brought—

(a) before a magistrates’ court acting for the local justice area in
which the offender resides, or

(b) 30if it is not known where the person resides, before a magistrates’
court acting for the same local justice area as the justice who
issued the summons or warrant.

(3) Where the person does not appear in answer to a summons issued
under subsection (1)(a), the court may issue a warrant for the person’s
35arrest.

(4) If it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that the person has failed
without reasonable excuse to comply with a supervision requirement
imposed under section 256AA, the court may—

(a) order the person to be committed to prison for a period not
40exceeding 14 days (subject to subsection (7)),

(b) order the person to pay a fine not exceeding level 3 on the
standard scale, or

(c) make an order (a “supervision default order”) imposing on the
person—

(i) 45an unpaid work requirement (as defined by section 199),
or

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(ii) a curfew requirement (as defined by section 204).

(5) Section 177(3) (obligation to impose electronic monitoring
requirement) applies in relation to a supervision default order that
imposes a curfew requirement as it applies in relation to a community
5order that imposes such a requirement.

(6) If the court deals with the person under subsection (4), it must revoke
any supervision default order which is in force at that time in respect of
that person.

(7) Where the person is under the age of 21—

(a) 10an order under subsection (4)(a) in respect of the person must
be for committal to a young offender institution instead of to
prison, but

(b) the Secretary of State may from time to time direct that a person
committed to a young offender institution by such an order is to
15be detained in a prison or remand centre instead.

(8) A person committed to prison or a young offender institution by an
order under subsection (4)(a) is to be regarded as being in legal
custody.

(9) A fine imposed under subsection (4)(b) is to be treated, for the purposes
20of any enactment, as being a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction.

(10) In Schedule 19A (supervision default orders)—

(a) Part 1 makes provision about requirements of supervision
default orders, and

(b) Part 2 makes provision about the breach, revocation and
25amendment of supervision default orders.

(11) A person dealt with under this section may appeal to the Crown Court
against the order made by the court.

(2) Schedule 2 to this Act inserts a new Schedule 19A to the Criminal Justice Act
2003.

4 30Supervision of certain young offenders after release from detention

(1) Section 256B of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (supervision of young offenders
after release) is amended as follows.

(2) For subsection (1) substitute—

(1) This section applies where a person (“the offender”) is released under
35this Chapter if—

(a) the person is, at the time of the release, serving a sentence of
detention under section 91 of the Sentencing Act which is for a
term of less than 12 months, and

(b) the person is aged under 18 on the last day of the requisite
40custodial period (as defined in section 243A(3)).

(1A) This section also applies where a person (“the offender”) is released
under this Chapter if—

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(a) the person is, at the time of the release, serving a sentence of
detention under section 91 or 96 of the Sentencing Act which is
for a term of less than 12 months, and

(b) the sentence was imposed in respect of an offence committed
5before the day on which section 1 of the Offender Rehabilitation
Act 2013 came into force.

(3) In subsection (7)—

(a) for paragraph (c) substitute—

(c) where the offender is aged 18 or over—

(i) 10drug testing requirements (see section 256D);

(ii) drug appointment requirements (see section
256E).

(4) After that subsection insert—

(7A) Paragraph (c)(i) and (ii) of subsection (7) have effect subject to the
15restrictions in sections 256D(2) and 256E(2).

(5) Omit subsection (8).

(6) For subsection (9) substitute—

(9) The Secretary of State may make rules about the requirements that may
be imposed by virtue of subsection (7)(a) or (b).

(7) 20Omit subsection (10).

5 Consecutive terms

(1) Chapter 6 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (sentencing: release,
licences and recall) is amended as follows.

(2) In section 264 (consecutive terms), for subsections (3) and (3A) substitute—

(3B) 25The offender’s release under this Chapter is to be unconditional if—

(a) the aggregate length of the terms of imprisonment is less than
12 months, and

(b) section 243A so requires in respect of each of the sentences,

but in any other case is to be on licence.

(3C) 30If the offender is released on licence under this Chapter—

(a) the offender is to be on licence, on and after the release, until the
offender would, but for the release, have served a term equal in
length to the aggregate length of the terms of imprisonment
(but see section 264B);

(b) 35the offender is to be subject to supervision requirements under
section 256AA if (and only if)—

(i) section 256AA so requires in respect of one or more of
the sentences, and

(ii) the aggregate length of the terms of imprisonment is less
40than 2 years.

(3D) If the offender is subject to supervision requirements under section
256AA, the supervision period for the purposes of that section begins
on the expiry of the period during which the offender is on licence by
virtue of subsection (3C)(a).

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(3E) When the offender is released under this Chapter (whether
unconditionally or on licence), the offender is to be subject to
supervision requirements under section 256B if that section so requires
in respect of one or more of the sentences.

(3) 5Before section 265 (and the italic heading before it) insert—

264B Consecutive terms: supplementary

(1) This section applies in a case in which section 264 applies where—

(a) the offender is released on licence under this Chapter,

(b) the aggregate length of the terms of imprisonment mentioned in
10section 264(1)(a) is less than 12 months, and

(c) those terms include one or more terms of imprisonment (“short
transitional terms”) which were imposed in respect of an
offence committed before the day on which section 1 of the
Offender Rehabilitation Act 2013 came into force, as well as one
15or more terms imposed in respect of an offence committed on or
after that day.

(2) The offender is to be on licence until the offender would, but for the
release, have served a term equal in length to the aggregate of—

(a) the custodial period in relation to each of the short transitional
20terms, and

(b) the full length of each of the other terms.

(3) In this section “custodial period” has the same meaning as in section
264.

(4) In section 249(3) (duration of licence)—

(a) 25for “sections” substitute “section”, and

(b) for “and 264(3)” substitute “and sections 264(3C)(a) and 264B”.

(5) In section 250 (licence conditions), omit subsection (7).

(6) Schedule 20B (modifications of Chapter 6 of Part 12 in certain transitional
cases) is amended as follows.

(7) 30In paragraph 22 (consecutive terms including 1991 Act sentence), after sub-
paragraph (3) insert—

(3A) If P is subject to supervision requirements under section 256AA (by
virtue of section 264(3C)(b)), section 256AA(4)(b) (end of supervision
period) applies in relation to P as if the reference to the requisite
35custodial period were to the period described in sub-paragraph (3) of
this paragraph.

(8) In paragraph 33 (consecutive terms including 1967 Act sentence), after sub-
paragraph (3) insert—

(4) If P is subject to supervision requirements under section 256AA (by
40virtue of section 264(3C)(b)), section 256AA(4)(b) (end of supervision
period) applies in relation to P as if the reference to the requisite
custodial period were to the period described in sub-paragraph (3) of
this paragraph.

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6 Supervision of certain young offenders after detention and training order

(1) Chapter 2 of Part 5 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000
(custodial sentences: detention and custody of young offenders) is amended as
follows.

(2) 5In section 101(13) (term of detention and training order where consecutive or
concurrent orders imposed), after “105” insert “and 106B”.

(3) In section 103 (period of supervision of offender subject to detention and
training order)—

(a) in subsection (2), at the beginning insert “Subject to subsection (2A),”,
10and

(b) after subsection (2) insert—

(2A) An order under subsection (2) may not include provision about
cases in which—

(a) the offender is aged 18 or over at the half-way point of
15the term of the detention and training order, and

(b) the order was imposed in respect of an offence
committed on or after the day on which section 6(4) of
the Offender Rehabilitation Act 2013 came into force.

(4) After section 106A insert—

106B 20 Further supervision after end of term of detention and training order

(1) This section applies where a detention and training order is made in
respect of an offender if—

(a) the offender is aged 18 or over at the half-way point of the term
of the order,

(b) 25the term of the order is less than 24 months, and

(c) the order was imposed in respect of an offence committed on or
after the day on which section 6(4) of the Offender
Rehabilitation Act 2013 came into force.

(2) The following provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (which relate
30to supervision after end of sentence) apply as they apply in cases
described in section 256AA(1) of that Act—

(a) sections 256AA(2) to (9), 256AB and 256AC,

(b) sections 256D and 256E, and

(c) Schedule 19A,

35but with the following modifications.

(3) “The supervision period”, in relation to the offender, is the period
which—

(a) begins on the expiry of the term of the detention and training
order, and

(b) 40ends on the expiry of the period of 12 months beginning
immediately after the half-way point of the term of the order.

(4) Section 256AA(8) (definition of “the supervisor”) applies as if the
reference to an officer of a provider of probation services were to—

(a) an officer of a provider of probation services, or

(b) 45a member of the youth offending team established by the local
authority in whose area the offender resides for the time being.

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(5) The power under section 256AB(4) includes power to make provision
about the supervision requirements that may be imposed under section
256AA as applied by this section and to amend this Act.

(6) Subsection (7) applies where the term of the detention and training
5order is determined by section 101(13) (consecutive and concurrent
orders).

(7) The offender is subject to supervision under section 256AA (as applied
by this section) if that section (as applied) so requires in respect of one
or more of the consecutive or concurrent orders.

7 10Minor and consequential provision

(1) Schedule 3 contains minor and consequential provision.

(2) The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument amend the
Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 and the Criminal Justice Act
2003 so as to—

(a) 15replace a reference to a date on which a provision of this Act came into
force with a reference to the actual date on which it did so, and

(b) insert provision explaining the date.

Other provision about release and supervision of offenders

8 Extended sentences: length of extension period

(1) 20Chapter 5 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (sentencing: dangerous
offenders) is amended as follows.

(2) In section 226A (extended sentence for certain violent or sexual offences:
persons 18 or over)—

(a) in subsection (7), for “subsections (8) and (9)” substitute “subsections
25(7A) to (9)”, and

(b) after that subsection insert—

(7A) The extension period must be at least 1 year.

(3) In section 226B (extended sentence for certain violent or sexual offences:
persons under 18)—

(a) 30in subsection (5), for “subsections (6) and (7)” substitute “subsections
(5A) to (7)”, and

(b) after that subsection insert—

(5A) The extension period must be at least 1 year.

9 Recall and further release of offenders

(1) 35Chapter 6 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (sentencing: release,
licences and recall) is amended as follows.

(2) In section 244(1A) (disapplication of that section following recall), after “246”
insert “or 248”.

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(3) In section 255(1)(a) (recall of prisoners released early under section 246), for
“any condition included in his licence” substitute “the curfew condition
included in the licence”.

(4) In section 255A (further release after recall)—

(a) 5omit subsection (3),

(b) in subsection (4), for “that period” substitute “the automatic release
period”,

(c) in subsection (5), after paragraph (b) insert—

but that is subject, where applicable, to section 243A(2)
10(unconditional release)., and

(d) at the end insert—

(8) Automatic release” means release at the end of the automatic
release period.

(9) In the case of a person recalled under section 254 while on
15licence under a provision of this Chapter other than section 246,
“the automatic release period” means—

(a) where the person is serving a sentence of less than 12
months, the period of 14 days beginning with the day on
which the person returns to custody;

(b) 20where the person is serving a sentence of 12 months or
more, the period of 28 days beginning with that day.

(10) In the case of a person recalled under section 254 while on
licence under section 246, “the automatic release period” means
whichever of the following ends later—

(a) 25the period described in subsection (9)(a) or (b) (as
appropriate);

(b) the requisite custodial period which the person would
have served under section 243A or 244 but for the earlier
release.

(5) 30In section 255B(1)(b) (automatic release), for “the 28 day period mentioned in
section 255A(3)” substitute “the automatic release period (as defined in section
255A(9) and (10))”.

(6) In section 240ZA(6) (time remanded in custody not to count as time served for
purposes of automatic release), for “period of 28 days served by the offender
35before automatic release” substitute “automatic release period served by the
offender”.

(7) In section 240A(3B) (time remanded on bail not to count as time served for
purposes of automatic release), for “period of 28 days served by the offender
before automatic release” substitute “automatic release period served by the
40offender”.

10 Arrangements for supervision and rehabilitation: female offenders

In section 3 of the Offender Management Act 2007 (power to make
arrangements for the provision of probation services), after subsection (6)