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Deregulation BillPage 110

the making of representations and objections, any person may
require the authority to inform the person what documents (if
any) were taken into account in preparing the order; and

(a) as respects any such documents in the possession of the
5authority, to permit the person to inspect them and take
copies; and

(b) as respects any such documents not in their possession, to
give the person any information the authority have as to
where the documents can be inspected;

10and the authority must comply with a requirement under this sub-
paragraph within 14 days of the making of the requirement.

(9) Nothing in sub-paragraph (1)(c) or (8) is to be construed as
limiting the grounds which may be relied on or the documentary
or other evidence which may be adduced at any local inquiry or
15hearing held under paragraph 13(1)(a) or (c) or 14(3)(a) or (c) or
included in representations made under paragraph 13(1)(b) or
14(3)(b).

Irrelevant representations or objections

6 (1) If representations or objections have been duly made about an
20order to an authority (and not withdrawn) but the authority
consider that none of them are relevant, the authority may
proceed under this Schedule as if no representations or objections
had been duly made (and the following provisions of this
Schedule apply accordingly).

(2) 25For the purposes of this paragraph, a representation or objection is
relevant if, were the order to be submitted to the Secretary of State
under paragraph 11, it would be relevant in determining whether
or not to confirm the order (either with or without modifications).

(3) In deciding whether to exercise their power under sub-paragraph
30(1), an authority must have regard to any guidance given by the
Secretary of State.

(4) Where the authority decide to exercise that power, the authority
must inform the applicant, and any person who made a
representation or objection (and has not withdrawn it), of their
35decision and the reasons for it.

(5) Nothing in this paragraph applies to a modification consent order.

Severance of orders - representations etc relating to only some modifications

7 (1) Where at any time representations or objections duly made and
not withdrawn relate to some but not all of the modifications
40made by an order, the authority may, by notice given to the
Secretary of State, elect that, for the purposes of the following
provisions of this Schedule, the order is to have effect as two
separate orders—

(a) the one comprising the modifications to which the
45representations or objections relate; and

(b) the other comprising the remaining modifications.

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(2) Any reference in sub-paragraph (1) to an order includes a
reference to any part of an order which, by virtue of one or more
previous elections under that sub-paragraph, has effect as a
separate order.

(3) 5Nothing in this paragraph applies to a modification consent order.

Severance of orders - only some representations etc relevant

8 (1) If representations or objections have been duly made about an
order to an authority (and not withdrawn) but the authority
consider that not all of the representations or objections are
10relevant, the authority may elect that the order is to have effect as
two separate orders—

(a) the one comprising the modifications to which the relevant
representations or objections relate;

(b) the other, comprising the remaining modifications, which
15is to be treated as if no representations or objections had
been duly made;

and the following provisions of this Schedule apply accordingly.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, a representation or objection is
relevant if, were the order to be submitted to the Secretary of State
20under paragraph 11, it would be relevant in determining whether
or not to confirm the order (either with or without modifications).

(3) In deciding whether to exercise their power under sub-paragraph
(1), an authority must have regard to any guidance given by the
Secretary of State.

(4) 25Where the authority decide to exercise such a power, the authority
must inform the applicant, and any person who made a
representation or objection (and has not withdrawn it), of their
decision and the reasons for it.

(5) Nothing in this paragraph applies to a modification consent order.

30Confirmation - modification consent orders

9 (1) The authority may (whether or not any representations or
objections are made) confirm a modification consent order—

(a) without modifications; or

(b) with modifications, if every owner of the land to which the
35order relates so consents.

(2) Nothing in paragraphs 10 to 16 applies to a modification consent
order.

Confirmation - unopposed orders (other than modification consent orders)

10 (1) If no representations or objections are duly made, or if any so
40made are withdrawn, the authority may—

(a) confirm the order without modification; or

(b) if they require any modification to be made, submit the
order to the Secretary of State for confirmation by him or
her.

Deregulation BillPage 112

(2) Where an order is submitted to the Secretary of State under sub-
paragraph (1), the Secretary of State may confirm the order with or
without modifications.

Confirmation - opposed orders (other than modification consent orders)

11 5If any representation or objection duly made to an order is not
withdrawn the authority must submit the order to the Secretary of
State for confirmation by him or her.

12 (1) Where an order is submitted by an authority to the Secretary of
State and the representations or objections relate to some but not
10all of the modifications made by the order, the Secretary of State
may, by notice given to the authority, elect that the order is to have
effect as two separate orders—

(a) the one comprising the modifications to which the
representations or objections relate (“the opposed order”);
15and

(b) the other comprising the remaining modifications.

(2) Where notice is given under sub-paragraph (1), paragraph 10 and
the following provisions of this Schedule apply as if only the
opposed order had been submitted to the Secretary of State for
20confirmation.

(3) Any reference in sub-paragraph (1) to an order includes a
reference to any part of an order which, by virtue of one or more
previous elections under that sub-paragraph, has effect as a
separate order.

13 (1) 25Where an order is submitted to the Secretary of State under
paragraph 11, the Secretary of State must, subject to sub-
paragraph (2), either—

(a) cause a local inquiry to be held;

(b) afford any person by whom a representation or objection
30has been duly made and not withdrawn an opportunity to
make representations (or further representations) to a
person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose;
or

(c) afford any person by whom a representation or objection
35has been duly made and not withdrawn an opportunity to
be heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State
for the purpose.

(2) The Secretary of State may, but need not, act as mentioned in sub-
paragraph (1) if, in the Secretary of State’s opinion, no
40representation or objection which has been duly made and not
withdrawn relates to an issue which would be relevant in
determining whether or not to confirm the order, either with or
without modifications.

(3) On considering any representations or objections duly made and
45the report of any person appointed to hold an inquiry, or
appointed as mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(b) or (c), the
Secretary of State may confirm the order with or without
modifications.

Deregulation BillPage 113

Restriction on power to confirm orders with modifications

14 (1) The Secretary of State must not confirm an order with
modifications so as—

(a) to affect land not affected by the order;

(b) 5not to show any way shown in the order or to show any
way not so shown; or

(c) to show as a highway of one description a way which is
shown in the order as a highway of another description,

except after complying with the requirements of this paragraph.

(2) 10The Secretary of State must give such notice as appears to him or
her to be requisite of his or her proposal so to modify the order,
specifying the time (which must not be less than 28 days from the
date of the first publication of the notice) within which, and the
manner in which, representations or objections with respect to the
15proposal, which must include particulars of the grounds relied on,
may be made.

(3) If any representation or objection duly made under sub-paragraph
(1) is not withdrawn, the Secretary of State must either—

(a) cause a local inquiry to be held;

(b) 20afford any person by whom a representation or objection
has been duly made and not withdrawn, an opportunity to
make representations (or further representations) to a
person appointed by the Secretary of State for that
purpose; or

(c) 25afford any person by whom a representation or objection
has been duly made and not withdrawn, an opportunity to
be heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State
for that purpose.

(4) The Secretary of State must consider the report of any person
30appointed to hold an inquiry or appointed as mentioned in sub-
paragraph (3)(b) or (c).

(5) The Secretary of State may, but need not, act as mentioned in sub-
paragraph (3) if, in his or her opinion, no representation or
objection which has been duly made and not withdrawn relates to
35an issue which would be relevant in determining whether or not
to confirm the order in accordance with his or her proposal.

(6) Sub-paragraph (2) is not be construed as limiting the grounds
which may be relied on at any local inquiry or hearing held under
sub-paragraph (3)(a) or (c) or included in representations made
40under sub-paragraph (3)(b).

Appointment of inspectors etc

15 (1) A decision of the Secretary of State under paragraph 10, 13 or 14
must, except in such classes of case as may for the time being be
prescribed or as may be specified in directions given by the
45Secretary of State, be made by a person appointed by the Secretary
of State for the purpose instead of by the Secretary of State; and a
decision made by a person so appointed is to be treated as a
decision of the Secretary of State.

Deregulation BillPage 114

(2) The Secretary of State may, if he or she thinks fit, direct that a
decision which, by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) and apart from this
sub-paragraph, falls to be made by a person appointed by the
Secretary of State is instead to be made by the Secretary of State;
5and a direction under this sub-paragraph must state the reasons
for which it is given and must be served on the person, if any, so
appointed, the authority and any person by whom a
representation or objection has been duly made and not
withdrawn.

(3) 10Where the Secretary of State has appointed a person to make a
decision under paragraph 10, 13 or 14 the Secretary of State may,
at any time before the making of the decision, appoint another
person to make it instead of the person first appointed to make it.

(4)
Where by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) or (3) a particular decision
15falls to be made by the Secretary of State or any other person
instead of the person first appointed to make it, anything done by
or in relation to the latter is to be treated as having been done by
or in relation to the former.

(4)
Regulations under this paragraph may provide for the giving of
20publicity to any directions given by the Secretary of State under
this paragraph.

Hearings and local inquiries

16 (1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), subsections (2) to (5) of section 250 of
the Local Government Act 1972 (giving of evidence at, and
25defraying of costs of, inquiries) are to apply in relation to any
hearing or local inquiry held under paragraph 13 or 14 as they
apply in relation to a local inquiry which a Minister causes to be
held under subsection (1) of that section.

(2) In its application to a hearing or inquiry held under paragraph 13
30or 14 by a person appointed under paragraph 15, subsection (5) of
that section has effect as if the reference to the Minister causing the
inquiry to be held were a reference to the person so appointed or
the Secretary of State.

(3) Section 322A of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (orders
35as to costs where no hearing or inquiry takes place) applies in
relation to a hearing or local inquiry under paragraph 13 or 14 as
it applies in relation to a hearing or local inquiry for the purposes
referred to in that section.

Part 3 40Orders: general
Notice of final decisions on orders

17 (1) As soon as practicable after a decision to confirm an order is made
or, in the case of a decision by the Secretary of State, as soon as
practicable after receiving notice of the decision, the authority
45must give notice—

Deregulation BillPage 115

(a) describing the general effect of the order as confirmed and
stating that it has been confirmed (with or without
modification) and the date on which it took effect; and

(b) naming a place in the area in which the land to which the
5order relates is situated where a copy of the order as
confirmed may be inspected free of charge, and copies may
be obtained at a reasonable charge, at all reasonable hours.

(2) A notice under sub-paragraph (1) must be given—

(a) by publication in the manner required by paragraph
105(2)(a);

(b) by serving a like notice on any persons on whom notices
were required to be served under paragraph 5(2)(b) or (4);
and

(c) by causing like notices to be displayed in the like manner
15as the notices required to be displayed under paragraph
5(2)(c).

(3) A notice required to be served by sub-paragraph (2)(b) on the
owner or occupier of any land, or on a local authority, must be
accompanied by a copy of so much of the order as confirmed as
20relates to that land or, as the case may be, the area of that authority;
and, in the case of an order which has been confirmed with
modifications, a notice required to be served by that sub-
paragraph on such other persons as may be prescribed or as the
authority may consider appropriate must be accompanied by a
25copy of the order as confirmed.

(4) As soon as practicable after a decision not to confirm an order or,
in the case of a decision by the Secretary of State, as soon as
practicable after receiving notice of his or her decision, the
authority must give notice of the decision by serving a copy of it
30on any persons on whom notices were required to be served under
paragraph 5(2)(b) or (4).

Proceedings for questioning validity of orders

18 (1) If any person is aggrieved by an order which has taken effect and
desires to question its validity on the ground that it is not within
35the powers of sections 53, 54, 54B and 54C or that any of the
requirements of Schedule 13A or this Schedule have not been
complied with in relation to it, the person may within 42 days
from the date of publication of the notice under paragraph 17
make an application to the High Court under this paragraph.

(2) 40On any such application the High Court may, if satisfied that the
order is not within those powers or that the interests of the
applicant have been substantially prejudiced by a failure to
comply with those requirements, quash the order, or any
provision of the order, either generally or in so far as it affects the
45interests of the applicant.

(3) Sub-paragraph (4) applies if the application relates to an order of
an authority that has been submitted to, and confirmed by, the
Secretary of State.

Deregulation BillPage 116

(4) The High Court may quash the decision of the Secretary of State
confirming the order or any part of it (either generally or in so far
as it affects the interests of the applicant), instead of quashing the
order or any provision of it.

(5) 5Except as provided by this paragraph, the validity of an order is
not to be questioned in any legal proceedings whatsoever.

Supplemental

19 (1) The Secretary of State may, subject to the provisions of this
Schedule, by regulations make such provision as to the procedure
10on the making, submission and confirmation of orders as appears
to him to be expedient.

(2) In the application of this Schedule to an order that is a
modification consent order, any special orders made under
section 54B(5) are to be treated as part of the order.

(3) 15In this Schedule—

(4) 25Regulations under this Schedule are to be made by statutory
instrument and are to be subject to annulment in pursuance of a
resolution of either House of Parliament.

Part 4 Highways Act 1980

8 (1) 30Schedule 6 to the Highways Act 1980 (procedure applicable to the making
etc of certain orders under the Act relating to footpaths, bridleways and
restricted byways) is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph 1 (publicity for orders)—

(a) in sub-paragraph (3), in paragraph (a), for the words from “in at least
35one local newspaper” to the end of the paragraph substitute “(within
the meaning of sub-paragraph (3ZA))”;

(b) after sub-paragraph (3) insert—

(3ZA) In sub-paragraph (3)(a), “publication”
means—

(a) 40in relation to England, publication on a
website maintained by the authority
and on such other websites or through
the use of such other digital
communications media as the
45authority may consider appropriate;

Deregulation BillPage 117

(b) in relation to Wales, publication in at
least one local newspaper circulating
in the area in which the land to which
the order relates is situated.

(3) 5 In paragraph 2 (opposed and unopposed orders), after sub-paragraph (2)
insert—

(2ZA) If representations or objections have been duly made to an
authority in England other than the Secretary of State (and not
withdrawn), but the authority consider that none of the
10representations or objections are relevant, the authority may
proceed under this Schedule as if no representations or objections
had been duly made (and the provisions of this Schedule apply
accordingly).

(2ZB) If representations or objections have been duly made to such an
15authority (and not withdrawn), but the authority consider that at
least one of the representations or objections is not relevant, the
authority may elect that the order shall have effect as two separate
orders—

(a) the one comprising the modifications to which the relevant
20representations or objections relate; and

(b) the other, comprising the remaining modifications, which
is to be treated as if no representations or objections had
been duly made;

and the provisions of this Schedule apply accordingly.

(2ZC) 25For the purposes of this paragraph, a representation or objection is
relevant if, were the order to be submitted to the Secretary of State,
it would be relevant in determining whether or not to confirm the
order (either with or without modifications).

(2ZD) In deciding whether to exercise their power under subsection
30(2ZA) or (2ZB), an authority shall have regard to any guidance
given by the Secretary of State.

(2ZE) Where the authority decide to exercise such a power, the authority
shall inform the applicant, and any person who made a
representation or objection (and has not withdrawn it), of their
35decision and the reasons for it.

(4) In that paragraph, after sub-paragraph (3) insert—

(4) The Secretary of State may, but not need not, act as mentioned in
sub-paragraph (2)(a) or (b) or (3)(b) in relation to an order relating
to England if, in his opinion, no objection or representation which
40has been duly made and not withdrawn relates to an issue which
would be relevant in determining whether or not to confirm the
order (either with or without modifications) or to make it.

(5) After paragraph 2 insert—

2ZZA (1) Where at any time representations or objections duly made to an
45authority in England (and not withdrawn) relate to only parts of
an order, the authority may elect that for the purposes of
paragraph 2 and the following provisions of this Schedule, the
order shall have effect as two separate orders—

Deregulation BillPage 118

(a) the one comprising the parts to which the representations
or objections relate; and

(b) the other comprising the remaining parts.

(2) Where the authority is not the Secretary of State, an election for the
5purposes of sub-paragraph (1) shall be given by notice to the
Secretary of State.

(3) Where an order made by an authority in England (other than the
Secretary of State) is submitted to the Secretary of State, and any
representations or objections duly made (and not withdrawn)
10relate to only parts of the order, the Secretary of State may, by
notice given to the authority, elect that it shall have effect as two
separate orders—

(a) the one comprising the parts to which the representations
or objections relate (“the opposed order”); and

(b) 15the other comprising the remaining parts.

(4) Where notice is given under sub-paragraph (3), paragraph 2 and
the following provisions of this Schedule apply as if only the
opposed order had been submitted to the Secretary of State for
confirmation.

(5) 20Any reference in sub-paragraph (1) or (3) to an order includes a
reference to any part of an order which, by virtue of one or more
previous elections under that sub-paragraph, has effect as a
separate order.

(6) In paragraph 4A (publication of orders)—

(a) 25the existing text becomes sub-paragraph (1);

(b) in that sub-paragraph, for the words from “in at least one local
newspaper” to the end of the sub-paragraph substitute “(within the
meaning of sub-paragraph (2))”;

(c) after that sub-paragraph insert—

(2) 30In sub-paragraph (1), “publication” means—

(a) in relation to England, publication on a
website maintained by the authority
and on such other websites or through
the use of such other digital
35communications media as the
authority may consider appropriate;

(b) in relation to Wales, publication in at
least one local newspaper circulating
in the area in which the land to which
40the order relates is situated.

(7) In paragraph 5 (proceedings for questioning validity of orders) omit the
“and” after paragraph (b) and insert—

ERROR:This is very likely an error in markup in the FM document. Amendments generally should not occur nested in this manner [\t (ba)\tthe Schedule has effect as if after paragraph 3 there were inserted \t 3A\t(1)\tSub-paragraph (2) applies if the application relates to an order of an authority in England that has been submitted to, and confirmed by, the Secretary of State. \t\t(2)\t The High Court may quash the decision of the Secretary of State confirming the order or any part of it (either generally or in so far as it affects the interests of the applicant), instead of quashing the order or any provision of it.\xd3 ; and\xd3 . ]

(ba) the Schedule has effect as if after paragraph 3 there
were inserted—

3A (1) 45Sub-paragraph (2) applies if the application relates to an
order of an authority in England that has been submitted
to, and confirmed by, the Secretary of State.

Deregulation BillPage 119

(2) The High Court may quash the decision of the Secretary of
State confirming the order or any part of it (either generally
or in so far as it affects the interests of the applicant),
instead of quashing the order or any provision of it.”; and...

5Part 5 Consequential amendments

9 Part 3 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is amended as follows.

10 In section 53 (duty to keep definitive map and statement under continuous
review)—

(a) 10in subsection (5), for “the provisions of Schedule 14” substitute “the
provisions of Schedule 13A (in relation to England) and Schedule 14
(in relation to Wales)”;

(b) in subsection (6), for “the provisions of Schedule 15” substitute “the
provisions of Schedule 14A (in relation to England) and Schedule 15
15(in relation to Wales)”.

11 (1) Schedule 14 (Applications for certain orders under Part 3) is amended as
follows.

(2) In the heading, at the end, insert “: Wales”.

(3) In paragraph 5 (interpretation), in sub-paragraph (1), for the definition of
20“local authority” substitute—

12 (1) Schedule 15 (Procedure in connection with certain orders under Part 3) is
amended as follows.

(2) In the heading, at the end, insert “: Wales”.

(3) 25In paragraph 13 (interpretation), in sub-paragraph (2), for the definition of
“local authority” substitute—

Section 32

SCHEDULE 8 Provision of passenger rail services

30Consequential amendments

1 The Transport Act 1968 is amended in accordance with paragraphs 2 to 5.

2 (1) Section 10(1) is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (iii), before “(ii)”, in both places, insert “(ia)(b) or”.

(3) In paragraph (iv), before “(ii)” insert “(ia),”.

(4) 35After paragraph (viiia), insert—

(viiiaa) where that area is in England, to let locomotives and other
rolling stock on hire to a person not falling within paragraph

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