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Part 6 Rail vehicle accessibility regulations: exemption orders

23 The Equality Act 2010 is amended as follows.

24 (1) Section 183 (exemptions from rail vehicle accessibility regulations) is
5amended as follows.

(2) Omit subsection (3) (power to make regulations as to exemption orders:
applications etc).

(3) After subsection (6) insert—

(7) Section 207(2) does not require an exemption order to be made by
10statutory instrument; but such an order is as capable of being
amended or revoked as an order made by statutory instrument.

25 In consequence of paragraph 24—

(a) omit section 184 (procedure for making exemption orders);

(b) in section 185 (annual report on exemption orders)—

(i) 15omit subsection (1)(b);

(ii) in subsection (2)(b), for “sections 183(4) and 184(2)” substitute
“section 183(4)”;

(c) in section 208 (Ministers of the Crown, etc)—

(i) omit subsection (5)(g);

(ii) 20omit subsection (7)(a).

26 (1) This paragraph applies to an exemption order made by statutory instrument
under section 183(1) of the Equality Act 2010, or treated as so made, before
the date on which paragraph 24(3) comes into force.

(2) The order is to be treated as having been made otherwise than by statutory
25instrument; but is to be as capable of being amended or revoked as an order
made by statutory instrument.

Section 34

SCHEDULE 10 Enforcement of transport legislation

Part 1 30Drink and drug driving offences

Removal of “statutory option” to have breath specimen replaced: road and rail transport

1 (1) In section 8 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 (choice of specimens of breath), omit
subsections (2), (2A), (3) and (4).

(2) The amendments in sub-paragraphs (3) to (5) are made in consequence of
35sub-paragraph (1).

(3) In the Road Traffic Act 1988—

(a) for the heading of section 8 substitute “Breath specimen showing
higher alcohol level to be disregarded”;

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(b) in section 8(1), omit “Subject to subsection (2) below,”;

(c) in section 195(3), omit “8(3),”;

(d) in section 195(4), omit “8(3),”;

(e) in section 195(4A), omit “8(3) or”.

(4) 5In the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005, omit section 154(7).

(5) In the Scotland Act 2012, omit section 20(2) to (4).

2 (1) In Chapter 1 of Part 2 of the Transport and Works Act 1992 (safety of
railways etc: offences involving drink or drugs), in section 32 (choice of
specimens of breath), omit subsections (2) to (4).

(2) 10In consequence of sub-paragraph (1), for the heading of that section
substitute “Breath specimen showing higher alcohol level to be
disregarded”.

No need for preliminary breath test before evidential breath test: road transport

3 (1) The Road Traffic Act 1988 is amended as follows.

(2) 15In section 7 (provision of specimens for analysis), for subsection (2)
substitute—

(2) A constable may make a requirement under this section to provide
specimens of breath only if—

(a) the requirement is made at a police station or a hospital,

(b) 20the requirement is imposed in circumstances where section
6(5) of this Act applies, or

(c) the constable is in uniform.

(3) Omit subsections (2A) and (2B).

(4) After subsection (2C) insert—

(2CA) 25For the purposes of subsection (2C) “a relevant breath test” is a
procedure involving the provision by the person concerned of a
specimen of breath to be used for the purpose of obtaining an
indication whether the proportion of alcohol in his breath or blood is
likely to exceed the prescribed limit.

(5) 30After subsection (5) insert—

(5A) A constable may arrest a person without warrant if—

(a) the person fails to provide a specimen of breath when
required to do so in pursuance of this section, and

(b) the constable reasonably suspects that the person has alcohol
35in his body.

Removing restriction that evidential breath test must be taken at police station: rail transport

4 (1) In Chapter 1 of Part 2 of the Transport and Works Act 1992 (safety of
railways etc: offences involving drink or drugs), section 31 (provision of
specimens for analysis) is amended as follows.

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(2) For subsection (2) substitute—

(2) A constable may make a requirement under this section to provide
specimens of breath only if—

(a) the requirement is made at a police station or a hospital, or

(b) 5the constable is in uniform.

(3) After subsection (7) insert—

(7A) A constable may arrest a person without warrant if—

(a) the person fails to provide a specimen of breath when
required to do so in pursuance of this section, and

(b) 10the constable reasonably suspects that the person has alcohol
in his body.

Health care professionals advising whether condition is due to drugs: road and rail transport

5 In section 7 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 (provision of specimens for
analysis), in subsection (3)(c) (medical advice that person’s condition might
15be due to drugs), after “advised by a medical practitioner” insert “or a
registered health care professional”.

6 In section 31 of the Transport and Works Act 1992 (provision of specimens
for analysis)—

(a) in subsection (4)(c) (medical advice that person’s condition might be
20due to drugs), after “advised by a medical practitioner” insert “or a
registered health care professional”;

(b) omit subsections (9A), (9B) and (9C).

Further extension of role of health care professionals: road and rail transport

7 The Road Traffic Act 1988 is amended in accordance with paragraphs 8 and
259.

8 (1) Section 7A (specimens of blood taken from persons incapable of consenting)
is amended as follows.

(2) In subsections (1) and (2)(a), for “a medical practitioner” substitute “a
medical or health care practitioner”.

(3) 30In subsection (2)(b), for “a medical practitioner other than a police medical
practitioner” substitute “a practitioner other than a police medical or health
care practitioner”.

(4) In subsection (2)(b)(i), for “to made to a police medical practitioner”
substitute “to be made to a police medical or health care practitioner”.

(5) 35In subsection (2)(b)(ii), omit “medical”.

(6) In subsection (3), for “a medical practitioner” substitute “a medical or health
care practitioner”.

(7) For subsection (7) substitute—

(7) In this section—

9 In section 11 (interpretation), in subsection (4) (providing a specimen of
blood), omit “by a medical practitioner or, if it is taken in a police station,”.

10 In consequence of paragraphs 8 and 9, in section 15 of the Road Traffic
Offenders Act 1988 (use of specimens in proceedings for certain offences
10under the Road Traffic Act), in subsection (4) (circumstances in which
specimen of blood is to be disregarded)—

(a) in paragraph (a), for the words from “and either” to the end of the
paragraph substitute “by a medical practitioner or a registered health
care professional”;

(b) 15in paragraph (b), after “medical practitioner” insert “or a registered
health care professional”.

11 The Transport and Works Act 1992 is amended in accordance with
paragraphs 12 and 13.

12 (1) Section 31A (specimens of blood taken from persons incapable of
20consenting) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsections (1) and (2)(a), for “a medical practitioner” substitute “a
medical or health care practitioner”.

(3) In subsection (2)(b), for “a medical practitioner other than a police medical
practitioner” substitute “a practitioner other than a police medical or health
25care practitioner”.

(4) In subsection (2)(b)(i), for “to made to a police medical practitioner”
substitute “to be made to a police medical or health care practitioner”.

(5) In subsection (2)(b)(ii), omit “medical”.

(6) In subsection (3), for “a medical practitioner” substitute “a medical or health
30care practitioner”.

(7) For subsection (7) substitute—

(7) In this section—

13 40In section 38 (interpretation of Chapter 1), in subsection (5)(b) (providing a
specimen of blood), omit “by a medical practitioner or, if it is taken in a
police station,”.

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Application of Road Traffic Act provisions in shipping regime

14 (1) In Part 4 of the Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 (shipping: alcohol
and drugs), section 83 (specimens, etc) is amended as follows.

(2) After subsection (1) (but before the table) insert—

(1A) 5The references in the table to provisions of the Road Traffic Act 1988
or the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 are, subject to any contrary
intention expressed in this Part or in any other enactment, references
to those provisions as amended from time to time.

(3) The table is amended as follows.

(4) 10In the entry for sections 6A to 6E of the Road Traffic Act 1988, in the third
column, at the end insert—

(5) In the entry for section 7 of the Road Traffic Act 1988, in the third column—

(a) after the first sentence insert—

(b) in the last sentence, for “or 4” substitute “, 4 or 5A”.

(6) In the entry for section 8 of the Road Traffic Act 1988, in the second column,
for “Choice of specimen of breath” substitute “Breath specimen showing
higher alcohol level to be disregarded”.

(7) 30In the entry for section 10 of the Road Traffic Act 1988, in the third column—

(a) in paragraph (b), for “or 5” substitute “, 5 or 5A”;

(b) before the last sentence insert—

(8) In the entry for section 15 of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988, in the third
35column—

(a) in the first sentence, for “section 3A, 4 or 5” substitute “any of
sections 3A to 5A”;

(b) after the first sentence insert—

(c) 40after the last sentence insert—

15 In Schedule 22 to the Crime and Courts Act 2013 (drugs and driving: minor
and consequential amendments), omit paragraphs 8 and 14.

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Application of Road Traffic Act provisions in aviation regime

16 (1) In Part 5 of the Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 (aviation: alcohol
and drugs), section 96 (specimens, etc) is amended as follows.

(2) After subsection (1) (but before the table) insert—

(1A) 5The references in the table to provisions of the Road Traffic Act 1988
or the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 are, subject to any contrary
intention expressed in this Part or in any other enactment, references
to those provisions as amended from time to time.

(3) The table is amended as follows.

(4) 10In the entry for sections 6A to 6E of the Road Traffic Act 1988, in the third
column, at the end insert—

(5) In the entry for section 7 of the Road Traffic Act 1988, in the third column—

(a) after the first sentence insert—

(b) in the last sentence, for “or 4” substitute “, 4 or 5A”.

(6) In the entry for section 8 of the Road Traffic Act 1988—

(a) in the second column, for “Choice of specimen of breath” substitute
“Breath specimen showing higher alcohol level to be disregarded”;

(b) 30omit the words in the third column.

(7) In the entry for section 10 of the Road Traffic Act 1988, in the third column—

(a) in paragraph (b), for “or 5” substitute “, 5 or 5A”;

(b) before the last sentence insert—

(8) 35In the entry for section 15 of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988, in the third
column—

(a) in the first sentence, for “section 3A, 4 or 5” substitute “any of
sections 3A to 5A”;

(b) after the first sentence insert—

(c) after the last sentence insert—

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Part 2 Bus lane contraventions

17 (1) Until the relevant day, section 144 of the Transport Act 2000 (civil penalties
for bus lane contraventions) has effect as if in subsection (3)(b), for the words
5from “made an order” to the end of the paragraph there were substituted
“notified the authority in writing that it is an approved local authority for the
purposes of this section (and has not withdrawn that notice).”

(2) In sub-paragraph (1) the “relevant day” means the day on which the repeal
of section 144 of the Transport Act 2000 by Part 1 of Schedule 12 to the Traffic
10Management Act 2004 comes into force in relation to England.

18 (1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies to any authority which, immediately before
paragraph 17 comes into force, is specified in an order under section
144(3)(b) of the Transport Act 2000 as an approved local authority for the
purposes of section 144 of that Act.

(2) 15The authority is to be treated, on and after the date on which paragraph 17
comes into force, as having been notified in writing by the Secretary of State
that it is an approved local authority for the purposes of section 144 of the
Transport Act 2000.

19 In paragraph 9 of Schedule 8 to the Traffic Management Act 2004
20(designation of civil enforcement areas for bus lane contraventions), after
sub-paragraph (3) insert—

(3A) A notice given (and not withdrawn) before the commencement of
this Part of this Act approving a local authority in England for the
purposes of section 144 of the Transport Act 2000 (civil penalties
25for bus lane contraventions) has effect on and after the
commencement of this Part of this Act (in relation to England) as
an order under this paragraph designating as a civil enforcement
area for bus lane contraventions so much of that authority’s area
as is a civil enforcement area for parking contraventions.

Section 38

30SCHEDULE 11 Household waste: London

1 The London Local Authorities Act 2007 is amended as follows.

2 In section 20 (regulations relating to receptacles for household waste), in
subsection (9), for “46(2) to (6)” substitute “46(2) to (5)”.

3 35After section 20 insert—

20A Regulations relating to receptacles for household waste: enforcement

(1) This section applies where a borough council is satisfied that—

(a) a person has failed without reasonable excuse to comply with
a requirement imposed by regulations made under section
4020(1), and

(b) the person’s failure to comply—

(i) has caused, or is or was likely to cause, a nuisance, or

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(ii) has been, or is or was likely to be, detrimental to any
amenities of the locality.

(2) Where this section applies, the borough council may serve a written
warning on the person.

(3) 5A written warning must—

(a) identify the requirement with which the person has failed to
comply,

(b) explain the nature of the failure to comply,

(c) explain how the failure to comply has had, or is or was likely
10to have, the effect described in subsection (1)(b),

(d) if the failure to comply is continuing, specify the period
within which the requirement must be complied with and
explain the consequences of the requirement not being
complied with within that period, and

(e) 15whether or not the failure to comply is continuing, explain
the consequences of the person subsequently failing to
comply with the same or a similar requirement.

(4) Where a written warning has been served in respect of a failure to
comply that is continuing, the borough council may require the
20person on whom the written warning was served to pay a penalty
charge if satisfied that the person has failed to comply with the
requirement identified in the warning within the period specified by
virtue of subsection (3)(d).

(5) Where a person has been required to pay a penalty charge under
25subsection (4) and that requirement has not been withdrawn on
appeal, the borough council may require the person to pay a further
penalty charge if satisfied that the failure to comply is still continuing
at the end of a relevant period which falls within the period of one
year beginning with the day the written warning was served.

(6) 30For the purposes of subsection (5)—

(a) a “relevant period” is a period beginning with the day a final
notice is served on the person under section 20C(5) in respect
of the failure to comply that is continuing and ending with—

(i) where the person appeals against the requirement to
35pay a penalty charge imposed by that final notice, the
day on which the appeal that is the final appeal made
by the person against the requirement is dismissed or
withdrawn;

(ii) where the person does not appeal, the day on which
40the period for appealing expires;

(b) there is no relevant period where the person appeals as
mentioned in paragraph (a)(i) and the requirement to pay the
penalty charge is withdrawn on appeal.

(7) Where a written warning has been served, whether or not in respect
45of a failure to comply that is continuing, the borough council may
require the person on whom the written warning was served to pay
a penalty charge if satisfied that, within the period of one year
beginning with the day the written warning was served—

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(a) the person has again failed without reasonable excuse to
comply with the requirement identified in the warning and
the person’s failure to comply has had, or is or was likely to
have, the effect described in subsection (1)(b), or

(b) 5the person has failed without reasonable excuse to comply
with a requirement that is similar to the one identified in the
warning and the person’s failure to comply has had, or is or
was likely to have, the effect described in subsection (1)(b).

(8) A borough council may require a person to pay a penalty charge
10under subsection (5) or (7) each time that the borough council is
satisfied of the matters mentioned in the subsection.

(9) A borough council imposing a requirement to pay a penalty charge
under subsection (4), (5) or (7) must act in accordance with section
20C.

(10) 15In this section and sections 20C and 20D a “penalty charge” means a
monetary penalty of an amount determined in accordance with
section 20B.

20B Amount of penalty charge that may be imposed under section 20A

(1) It is to be the duty of the borough councils to set the levels of penalty
20charges payable to them under section 20A.

(2) Different levels may be set for different areas in Greater London and
for different cases or classes of case.

(3) The borough councils may make provision for treating a penalty
charge which is payable under section 20A as having been paid if a
25lesser amount is received by the relevant council before the end of a
period specified by the borough councils.

(4) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision in
connection with the functions conferred on the borough councils
under subsections (1) and (3).

(5) 30Regulations under subsection (4) may (in particular)—

(a) require the levels of penalty charges to fall within a range
prescribed in the regulations;

(b) restrict the extent to which, and the circumstances in which,
the borough councils may make provision under subsection
35(3).

(6) The borough councils must publish, in such manner as the Secretary
of State may determine, the levels of penalty charges which have
been set by the councils in accordance with this section.

(7) The functions conferred on the borough councils by subsections (1),
40(3) and (6) are to be discharged by a joint committee within the
meaning of Part 4 (see section 60(1)).

20C Penalty charges under section 20A: procedure regarding notices of
intent and final notices

(1) Before requiring a person to pay a penalty charge under section 20A,
45a borough council must serve on the person notice of intention to do
so (a “notice of intent”) in accordance with subsections (2) to (4).

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(2) A notice of intent must contain information about—

(a) the grounds for proposing to require payment of a penalty
charge,

(b) the amount of the penalty charge that the person would be
5required to pay, and

(c) the right to make representations under subsection (3).

(3) A person on whom a notice of intent is served may make
representations to the borough council as to why payment of a
penalty charge should not be required.

(4) 10Representations under subsection (3) must be made within the
period of 28 days beginning with the day service of the notice of
intent is effected.

(5) In order to require a person to pay a penalty charge under section
20A, a borough council must serve on the person a further notice (the
15“final notice”) in accordance with subsections (6) to (8).

(6) A final notice may not be served on a person by a borough council
before the expiry of the period of 28 days beginning with the day
service of the notice of intent on the person was effected.

(7) Before serving a final notice on a person, a borough council must
20consider any representations made by the person under subsection
(3).

(8) The final notice must contain information about—

(a) the grounds for requiring payment of a penalty charge,

(b) the amount of the penalty charge,

(c) 25how payment may be made,

(d) the period within which payment is required to be made
(which must not be less than the period of 28 days beginning
with the day service of the final notice is effected),

(e) any provision giving a discount for early payment made by
30virtue of section 20B(3),

(f) the right to appeal by virtue of section 20D, and

(g) the consequences of not paying the penalty charge.

20D Appeals and application of provisions of Part 4 of this Act

(1) Regulations made by the Lord Chancellor under section 62(2) may
35make provision relating to appeals to an adjudicator against a
decision under section 20A to require a person to pay a penalty
charge.

(2) Until such time as regulations made by virtue of subsection (1) are in
force, regulations under section 80 of the Traffic Management Act
402004 are to apply in relation to appeals of the type described in
subsection (1) with such modifications as are prescribed in
regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the functions of adjudicators
under the regulations as so applied are to be discharged by the
45persons appointed under regulations made under section 81 of the
Traffic Management Act 2004 as adjudicators for the purposes of Part
6 of that Act.

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