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(c) amend section 37E(4) or 37F(7) or (9) by substituting a different
number of days.

(2) Any provision that could be made by regulations under this section
may instead be included in an order under section 12A(12).

37O 5Modification in cases of multiple financial awards or settlement sums

(1) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for this Part
to apply with modifications in cases where—

(a) two or more financial awards were made against an employer
on claims relating to different workers that were considered
10together by an employment tribunal, or

(b) settlement sums are payable by an employer under two or more
settlements in cases dealt with together by a conciliation officer.

(2) Regulations under subsection (1) may in particular provide for any
provision of this Part to apply as if any such financial awards or
15settlement sums, taken together, were a single relevant sum.

37P Giving of notices

(1) For the purposes of section 7 of the Interpretation Act 1978 in its
application to this Part, the proper address of an employer is—

(a) if the employer has notified an enforcement officer of an
20address at which the employer is willing to accept notices, that
address;

(b) otherwise—

(i) in the case of a body corporate, the address of the body’s
registered or principal office;

(ii) 25in the case of a partnership or an unincorporated body
or association, the principal office of the partnership,
body or association;

(iii) in any other case, the last known address of the person
in question.

(2) 30In the case of—

(a) a body corporate registered outside the United Kingdom,

(b) a partnership carrying on business outside the United
Kingdom, or

(c) an unincorporated body or association with offices outside the
35United Kingdom,

the references in subsection (1) to its principal office include references
to its principal office within the United Kingdom (if any).

37Q Financial penalties for non-payment: interpretation

(1) In this Part, the following terms have the following meanings—

(2) References in this Part to an employer, in relation to a warning notice
or penalty notice, are to the person to whom the notice is given
(whether or not the person is an employer at the time in question).

(3) 25For the purposes of this Part, a penalty notice is given in relation to a
warning notice if it is given as the result of a failure by the employer to
pay the specified amount before the specified date.

(4) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend this section so as to
alter the meaning of “claim”.

(5) 30Any provision that could be made by regulations under subsection (4)
may instead be included in an order under section 12A(12).

(3) In section 12A (financial penalties), after subsection (12) insert—

(12A) Any provision that could be made by an order under subsection (12)
may instead—

(a) 35in the case of provision that could be made under paragraph (a)
or (b) of that subsection, be included in regulations under
section 37N;

(b) in the case of provision that could be made under paragraph (c)
of that subsection, be included in regulations under section
4037Q.

(4) In section 19A (conciliation: recovery of sums payable under settlements), after
subsection (10) insert—

(10A) A term of any document which is a relevant document for the purposes
of subsection (1) is void to the extent that it purports to prevent the
45disclosure of any provision of any such document to a person
appointed or authorised to act under section 37M.

(5) In section 41(2) (orders, regulations and rules)—

Small Business, Enterprise and Employment BillPage 132

(a) after “38(4),” omit “and”;

(b) after “40,” insert “and no regulations are to be made under section 37N,
37O or 37Q(4),”;

(c) for “or order” substitute “, order or regulations”.

(6) 5In section 42(1) (interpretation), after “In this Act” insert “(except where
otherwise expressly provided)”.

(7) In section 251B of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act
1992 (prohibition on disclosure of information by ACAS), in subsection (2),
after paragraph (c) insert—

(ca) 10the disclosure is made for the purpose of enabling or assisting
an enforcement officer within the meaning of Part 2A of the
Employment Tribunals Act 1996 to carry out the officer’s
functions under that Part;.

(8) The amendments made by this section have effect only in relation to relevant
15sums where—

(a) in the case of a financial award, the decision of the employment tribunal
on the claim to which the financial award relates is made on or after the
day on which this section comes into force;

(b) in the case of a settlement sum, the certificate under section 19A(1) of
20the Employment Tribunals Act 1996 in respect of the settlement under
whose terms it is payable is issued on or after that day.

Employment tribunals: postponements

143 Employment tribunal procedure regulations: postponements

(1) The Employment Tribunals Act 1996 is amended as follows.

(2) 25In section 7 (employment tribunal procedure regulations), after subsection
(3ZA) insert—

(3ZB) Provision in employment tribunal procedure regulations about
postponement of hearings may include provision for limiting the
number of relevant postponements available to a party to proceedings.

(3ZC) 30For the purposes of subsection (3ZB)—

(a) “relevant postponement”, in relation to a party to proceedings,
means the postponement of a hearing granted on the
application of that party in—

(i) the proceedings, or

(ii) 35any other proceedings identified in accordance with the
regulations,

except in circumstances determined in accordance with the
regulations, and

(b) “postponement” includes adjournment.

(3) 40In section 13 (costs and expenses), after subsection (2) insert—

(3) Provision included in employment tribunal procedure regulations
under subsection (1) must include provision for requiring an
employment tribunal, in any proceedings in which a late postponement
application has been granted, to consider whether to make an award

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against the party who made the application in respect of any costs or
expenses connected with the postponement, except in circumstances
specified in the regulations.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3)—

(a) 5a late postponement application is an application for the
postponement of a hearing in the proceedings which is made
after a time determined in accordance with the regulations
(whether before or after the hearing has begun), and

(b) “postponement” includes adjournment.

(4) 10In section 13A (payments in respect of preparation time), after subsection (2)
insert—

(2A) Provision included in employment tribunal procedure regulations
under subsection (1) must include provision for requiring an
employment tribunal, in any proceedings in which a late postponement
15application has been granted, to consider whether to make an order of
the kind mentioned in subsection (1) against the party who made the
application in respect of any time spent in connection with the
postponement, except in circumstances specified in the regulations.

(2B) For the purposes of subsection (2A)—

(a) 20a late postponement application is an application for the
postponement of a hearing in the proceedings which is made
after a time determined in accordance with the regulations
(whether before or after the hearing has begun), and

(b) “postponement” includes adjournment.

25National minimum wage

144 Amount of financial penalty for underpayment of national minimum wage

(1) Section 19A of the National Minimum Wage Act 1998 (notices of
underpayment: financial penalty) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (4), for the words following “to be” substitute “the total of the
30amounts for all workers to whom the notice relates calculated in accordance
with subsections (5) to (5B).”

(3) For subsection (5) substitute—

(5) The amount for each worker to whom the notice relates is the relevant
percentage of the amount specified under section 19(4)(c) in respect of
35each pay reference period specified under section 19(4)(b).

(5A) In subsection (5), “the relevant percentage”, in relation to any pay
reference period, means 100%.

(5B) If the amount as calculated under subsection (5) for any worker would
be more than £20,000, the amount for the worker taken into account in
40calculating the financial penalty is to be £20,000.

(4) Omit subsection (7).

(5) In subsection (8)—

(a) in paragraph (a), for “(4)” substitute “(5A)”;

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(b) in paragraph (b), for “(6) or (7)” substitute “(5B) or (6)”.

(6) The amendments made by this section have effect in relation to notices of
underpayment which relate only to pay reference periods commencing on or
after the day on which this section comes into force.

5Exclusivity in zero hours contracts

145 Exclusivity terms unenforceable in zero hours contracts

(1) The Employment Rights Act 1996 is amended as follows.

(2) After section 27 insert—

Part 2A 10Zero hours workers
27A Exclusivity terms unenforceable in zero hours contracts

(1) In this section “zero hours contract” means a contract of employment or
other worker’s contract under which—

(a) the undertaking to do or perform work or services is an
15undertaking to do so conditionally on the employer making
work or services available to the worker, and

(b) there is no certainty that any such work or services will be made
available to the worker.

(2) For this purpose, an employer makes work or services available to a
20worker if the employer requests or requires the worker to do the work
or perform the services.

(3) Any provision of a zero hours contract which—

(a) prohibits the worker from doing work or performing services
under another contract or under any other arrangement, or

(b) 25prohibits the worker from doing so without the employer’s
consent,

is unenforceable against the worker.

(4) Subsection (3) is to be disregarded for the purposes of determining any
question whether a contract is a contract of employment or other
30worker’s contract.

27B Power to make further provision in relation to zero hours workers

(1) The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for the
purpose of securing that zero hours workers, or any description of zero
hours workers, are not restricted by any provision or purported
35provision of their contracts or arrangements with their employers from
doing any work otherwise than under those contracts or arrangements.

(2) In this section, “zero hours workers” means—

(a) employees or other workers who work under zero hours
contracts;

(b) 40individuals who work under non-contractual zero hours
arrangements;

Small Business, Enterprise and Employment BillPage 135

(c) individuals who work under worker’s contracts of a kind
specified by the regulations.

(3) The worker’s contracts which may be specified by virtue of subsection
(2)(c) are those in relation to which the Secretary of State considers it
5appropriate for provision made by the regulations to apply, having
regard, in particular, to provision made by the worker’s contracts as to
income, rate of pay or working hours.

(4) In this section “non-contractual zero hours arrangement” means an
arrangement other than a worker’s contract under which—

(a) 10an employer and an individual agree terms on which the
individual will do any work where the employer makes it
available to the individual and the individual agrees to do it,
but

(b) the employer is not required to make any work available to the
15individual, nor the individual required to accept it,

and in this section “employer”, in relation to a non-contractual zero
hours arrangement, is to be read accordingly.

(5) Provision that may be made by regulations under subsection (1)
includes provision for—

(a) 20modifying—

(i) zero hours contracts;

(ii) non-contractual zero hours arrangements;

(iii) other worker’s contracts;

(b) imposing financial penalties on employers;

(c) 25requiring employers to pay compensation to zero hours
workers;

(d) conferring jurisdiction on employment tribunals;

(e) conferring rights on zero hours workers.

(6) Provision that may be made by virtue of subsection (5)(a) may, in
30particular, include provision for exclusivity terms in prescribed
categories of worker’s contracts to be unenforceable, in cases in which
section 27A does not apply.

For this purpose an exclusivity term is any term by virtue of which a
worker is restricted from doing any work otherwise than under the
35worker’s contract.

For this purpose an exclusivity term is any term by virtue of which a
worker is restricted from doing any work otherwise than under the
worker’s contract.

(7) Regulations under this section may—

(a) 40make different provision for different purposes;

(b) make provision subject to exceptions.

(8) For the purposes of this section—

(a) “zero hours contract” has the same meaning as in section 27A;

(b) an employer makes work available to an individual if the
45employer requests or requires the individual to do it;

(c) references to work and doing work include references to
services and performing them.

(9) Nothing in this section is to be taken to affect any worker’s contract
except so far as any regulations made under this section expressly
50apply in relation to it.

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(3) In section 236(3) (orders and regulations subject to affirmative procedure),
after “made under section” insert “27B,”.

Public sector exit payments

146 Regulations in connection with public sector exit payments

(1) 5The Treasury may by regulations make provision requiring the repayment of
some or all of any qualifying exit payment in prescribed circumstances (see
section 147).

(2) The regulations may make such other provision in connection with qualifying
exit payments as the Treasury think fit.

(3) 10A qualifying exit payment is a payment of a prescribed description—

(a) made to an employee of a prescribed public sector authority in
consequence of the employee leaving employment, or

(b) made to a holder of a prescribed public sector office in consequence of
the office holder leaving office.

(4) 15The descriptions of payment which may be prescribed by virtue of subsection
(3) include—

(a) any payment on account of dismissal by reason of redundancy (read in
accordance with section 139 of the Employment Rights Act 1996),

(b) any payment on voluntary exit,

(c) 20any payment to reduce or eliminate an actuarial reduction to a pension
on early retirement,

(d) any severance payment or other ex gratia payment,

(e) any payment in respect of an outstanding entitlement (such as to
annual leave or an allowance),

(f) 25any payment of compensation under the terms of a contract,

(g) any payment in lieu of notice, and

(h) any payment in the form of shares or share options.

(5) If more than one qualifying exit payment is payable to an employee or office
holder the provision made in the exit payments regulations is to apply in
30relation to the aggregated payments.

(6) Exit payment regulations are subject to negative resolution procedure.

(7) For the purposes of this section and sections 147 and 148—

147 Section 146(1): further provision

(1) 40In making any provision by virtue of section 146(1), the exit payments
regulations may, in particular, require repayment where, within a prescribed
period, an exit payee becomes—

Small Business, Enterprise and Employment BillPage 137

(a) an employee or a contractor of a public sector authority prescribed by
virtue of section 146(3), or

(b) a holder of a public sector office so prescribed.

(2) Subsection (3) applies if the exit payments regulations make provision as
5mentioned in subsection (1).

(3) The exit payment regulations may, in particular, make provision—

(a) exempting an exit payee from the requirement to repay in the
prescribed circumstances;

(b) exempting some or all of a qualifying exit payment from that
10requirement in the prescribed circumstances;

(c) for the amount required to be repaid to be tapered according to the time
which has elapsed between the exit payee leaving employment or office
and the event mentioned in subsection (1);

(d) as to the information required to be provided by the exit payee;

(e) 15as to the arrangements required to be made by the exit payee to repay
to the responsible authority the amount of the qualifying exit payment
required to be repaid;

(f) as to the consequences of an exit payee failing to repay the amount
required to be repaid (including the dismissal of the exit payee).

(4) 20For the purposes of subsection (1) an exit payee becomes a contractor of a
public sector authority if the exit payee provides services to the authority
under a contract for services.

148 Power of Secretary of State to waive repayment requirement

(1) The Secretary of State may waive the whole or any part of any repayment
25required by virtue of section 146(1).

(2) A waiver may be given in respect of—

(a) a particular exit payee, or

(b) a description of exit payees.

(3) The exit payments regulations may—

(a) 30make provision for a waiver to be given only—

(i) with the consent of the Treasury, or

(ii) following compliance with any directions given by the
Treasury, and

(b) make provision as to the publication of information about any waivers
35given.

(4) The exit payments regulations may make provision for the power conferred on
the Secretary of State by subsection (1) to be exercised instead—

(a) by the Scottish Ministers, in relation to qualifying exit payments made
by responsible authorities who wholly or mainly exercise functions
40which would be within devolved competence (within the meaning of
section 54 of the Scotland Act 1998);

(b) by the Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland, in
relation to qualifying exit payments made by responsible authorities
who wholly or mainly exercise functions which could be conferred by
45provision included in an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly made

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without the consent of the Secretary of State (see sections 6 to 8 of the
Northern Ireland Act 1998);

(c) by the Welsh Ministers, in relation to qualifying exit payments made by
responsible authorities who wholly or mainly exercise functions which
5could be conferred by provision falling within the legislative
competence of the National Assembly for Wales (as defined in section
108 of the Government of Wales Act 2006).

Part 12 General

149 10Consequential amendments, repeals and revocations

(1) A Minister of the Crown may by regulations make such provision as the
Minister considers appropriate in consequence of this Act (other than section
34 as it applies in Wales).

(2) The power conferred by subsection (1) includes power—

(a) 15to make transitional, transitory or saving provision;

(b) to amend, repeal, revoke or otherwise modify any provision made by
or under an enactment (including an enactment contained in this Act
and any enactment passed or made in the same Session as this Act).

(3) Subject to subsection (4)(b), regulations under subsection (1) which amend,
20repeal or revoke any provision of primary legislation are subject to affirmative
resolution procedure.

(4) Regulations under subsection (1) which—

(a) do not amend, repeal or revoke any provision of primary legislation, or

(b) amend, repeal or revoke any provision of primary legislation only in
25connection with there ceasing to be any share warrants (see section 78),

are subject to negative resolution procedure.

(5) The Welsh Ministers may by regulations make such provision as they consider
appropriate in consequence of section 34 as it applies in Wales.

(6) The power conferred by subsection (5) includes power—

(a) 30to make transitional, transitory or saving provision;

(b) to amend, repeal, revoke or otherwise modify any provision made by
or under any Act (including this Act and any Act passed in the same
Session as this Act) or any Measure or Act of the National Assembly for
Wales.

(7) 35A statutory instrument containing regulations under subsection (5) which
amend or repeal an Act or a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for
Wales may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before,
and approved by a resolution of, the National Assembly for Wales.

(8) A statutory instrument containing regulations under subsection (5), other than
40a statutory instrument within subsection (7), is subject to annulment in
pursuance of a resolution of the National Assembly for Wales.

(9) In this Part—

150 Transitional, transitory or saving provision

(1) A Minister of the Crown may by regulations make such transitional, transitory
10or saving provision as the Minister considers appropriate in connection with
the coming into force of this Act (other than section 34 as it applies in Wales).

(2) The Welsh Ministers may by regulations make such transitional, transitory or
saving provision as they consider appropriate in connection with the coming
into force of section 34 as it applies in Wales.

151 15Supplementary provision about regulations

(1) Regulations under this Act, other than regulations made by the Scottish
Ministers under section 1, are to be made by statutory instrument.

(2) Regulations under this Act may—

(a) make different provision for different purposes or cases;

(b) 20make different provision for different areas;

(c) make provision generally or for specific cases;

(d) make provision subject to exceptions;

(e) make incidental, supplementary, consequential, transitional or
transitory provision or savings.

(3) 25Where regulations under this Act are subject to “negative resolution
procedure” the statutory instrument containing the regulations is subject to
annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4) Where regulations under this Act are subject to “affirmative resolution
procedure” the regulations may not be made unless a draft of the statutory
30instrument containing them has been laid before Parliament and approved by
a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(5) Any provision that may be made by regulations under this Act for which no
Parliamentary procedure is prescribed may be made by regulations subject to
negative or affirmative resolution procedure.

(6) 35Any provision that may be made by regulations under this Act subject to
negative resolution procedure may be made by regulations subject to
affirmative resolution procedure.

152 Financial provisions

There is to be paid out of money provided by Parliament—

(a) 40any expenditure incurred under or by virtue of this Act by a Minister
of the Crown, and

(b) any increase attributable to this Act in the sums payable under any
other Act out of money so provided.

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