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been given to all owners of the premises of whom the
environmental authority is aware, or

(b) in the circumstances in paragraph (1)(g) unless satisfied that
the requirement in paragraph 14(2) (notice) has been met.

(3) 5For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)(a) less than 48 hours’ notice is
not reasonable.

(4) A warrant may authorise a person to use reasonable force if
necessary, but a person so authorised—

(a) must be accompanied by a constable when doing so, and

(b) 10may not use force against an individual.

Authorisation by environmental authority

23 (1) To enter premises under paragraph 21 in circumstances other than
those specified in paragraph 22(1), a person must be authorised in
writing by the environmental authority.

(2) 15A person authorised by an environmental authority may not
demand admission as of right to any premises unless reasonable
notice has been given to all owners of the premises of whom the
authority is aware.

(3) For these purposes less than 48 hours’ notice is not reasonable.

20Exercise of right of entry

24 (1) A right of entry under paragraph 21 is exercisable at any reasonable
time.

(2) A person authorised under paragraph 22 or 23 to enter premises
must, if so required before entering, produce evidence of his or her
25warrant or other authorisation and state the purpose of entry.

(3) A person entering premises under paragraph 21 may—

(a) take on to the premises such other persons as may be
necessary;

(b) take any equipment, machinery or materials on to the
30premises;

(c) take samples of anything in or on the premises.

(4) A person who enters premises under paragraph 21 which are
unoccupied or from which the owner is temporarily absent must, on
departure, leave them as effectively secured as they were on entry.

35Part 5 Supplementary
Compensation

25 (1) The Secretary of State and the Welsh Ministers may (separately or
jointly) make arrangements for the payment of compensation to an
40owner of premises in respect of financial loss resulting from—

(a) a species control agreement or order, or

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(b) the exercise of the powers of entry under this Schedule.

(2) The arrangements may secure that compensation is payable only for
financial loss above a specified amount.

Codes of practice

26 (1) 5The Secretary of State must issue a code of practice in relation to
species control agreements and orders in England.

(2) A code under this paragraph must in particular provide guidance to
environmental authorities in England on—

(a) when to offer to enter into a species control agreement;

(b) 10how to go about entering into a species control agreement;

(c) what a species control agreement should contain (and in
particular what it should contain by way of provision about
payment of costs);

(d) when to make a species control order;

(e) 15what a species control order should contain (and in particular
what it should contain by way of provision about payment
and recovery of costs);

(f) standards of animal welfare to be met in connection with
species control agreements and orders.

(3) 20A code under this paragraph may be revised or replaced.

(4) Before issuing (or revising or replacing) a code under this paragraph
the Secretary of State must carry out a public consultation.

(5) The Secretary of State must—

(a) ensure that a code under this paragraph is published in a way
25that is appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons
likely to be affected by it, and

(b) lay a copy of a code under this paragraph before Parliament.

27 (1) The Welsh Ministers must issue a code of practice in relation to
species control agreements and orders in Wales.

(2) 30A code under this paragraph must in particular provide guidance to
environmental authorities in Wales on—

(a) when to offer to enter into a species control agreement;

(b) how to go about entering into a species control agreement;

(c) what a species control agreement should contain (and in
35particular what it should contain by way of provision about
payment of costs);

(d) when to make a species control order;

(e) what a species control order should contain (and in particular
what it should contain by way of provision about payment
40and recovery of costs);

(f) standards of animal welfare to be met in connection with
species control agreements and orders.

(3) A code under this paragraph may be revised or replaced.

(4) Before issuing (or revising or replacing) a code under this paragraph
45the Welsh Ministers must carry out a public consultation.

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(5) The Welsh Ministers must—

(a) ensure that a code under this paragraph is published in a way
that is appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons
likely to be affected by it, and

(b) 5lay a copy of a code under this paragraph before the National
Assembly for Wales.

28 (1) A person’s failure to comply with a provision of a code under
paragraph 26 or 27 does not make the person liable to civil or
criminal proceedings.

(2) 10A code under paragraph 26 or 27

(a) is admissible in evidence in any civil proceedings, and

(b) must be taken into account by a court in any civil proceedings
in which it appears to the court to be relevant.

(4) In section 19 (enforcement), at the end insert—

(9) 15This section does not apply in relation to offences under Schedule 9A.

(5) In section 25 (functions of local authorities), at the end insert—

(3) Nothing in this section applies in relation to Schedule 9A or orders or
offences under it.

(6) In section 26 (regulations, orders, notices etc), at the end insert—

(7) 20In this section references to orders do not include species control orders
under Schedule 9A.

21 Native and non-native species etc

(1) Schedule 9 to the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (animals and plants to
which section 14 of that Act applies) is amended as follows.

(2) 25In the heading to Part 1, at the beginning insert “NON-NATIVE”.

(3) In Part 1, omit the entries relating to the wild boar, capercaillie, chough,
corncrake, common crane, white-tailed eagle, goshawk, red kite and barn owl.

(4) After Part 1 insert—

Part IA 30NATIVE ANIMALS

Common name Scientific name
Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Corncrake Crex crex
Crane, Common 35Grus grus
Eagle, White-tailed Haliaetus albicilla

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Common name Scientific name
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Kite, Red Milvus milvus
Owl, Barn Tyto alba.

5NOTE. The common name or names given in the first column of this Schedule
are included by way of guidance only; in the event of any dispute or
proceedings, the common name or names shall not be taken into account.”

(5) After Part 1A (as inserted by subsection (4) above) insert—

Part IB 10ANIMALS NO LONGER NORMALLY PRESENT

Common name Scientific name
Boar, Wild Sus Scrofa.

NOTE. The common name or names given in the first column of this Schedule
are included by way of guidance only; in the event of any dispute or
15proceedings, the common name or names shall not be taken into account.”

22 Species control agreements and orders: supplementary

(1) The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is amended as follows.

(2) In section 14 (introduction of new species etc), in subsection (1)(b), after “Part
I” insert “, IA or IB”.

(3) 20In the heading to section 14ZA (sale etc of invasive non-native species), for
“invasive non-native species” substitute “certain animals and plants included
in Schedule 9”.

(4) In the heading to section 14ZB (codes of practice in connection with invasive
non-native species), for “invasive non-native species” substitute “species
25which are non-native or included in Schedule 9”.

(5) In section 22 (power to vary Schedules), in subsection (5)(a), after “Part I” insert
“, IA or IB”.

Part 4 Planning, land and buildings

30Nationally significant infrastructure projects

23 Timing of appointment of examining authority

In section 61 of the Planning Act 2008 (decision as to whether application for
order granting development consent should be handled by Panel or single

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appointed person) for subsection (1) substitute—

(1) Subsection (2) applies where the Secretary of State has accepted an
application for an order granting development consent.

24 Two-person Panels

(1) 5In section 65 of the Planning Act 2008 (appointment of Panel to examine
application for order granting development consent) in subsection (1)(a) (Panel
to consist of three, four or five persons) before “three” insert “two,”.

(2) In section 68(3) of that Act (duty of Secretary of State to appoint additional
members if Panel comes to have two members or a single member)—

(a) 10omit “two members or”, and

(b) for “three” substitute “two”.

(3) In section 73(1)(b) of that Act (Panel’s continuing identity not affected by its
coming to have two members or a single member) omit “two members or”.

(4) In section 75 of that Act (decision-making by Panel)—

(a) 15before subsection (1) insert—

(A1) If the members of a Panel with two members disagree as to a
proposed decision by the Panel, the view of the lead member is
to prevail., and

(b) in subsection (1) (decision by Panel requires the agreement of a
20majority) for “the Panel” substitute “a Panel with three or more
members”.

25 Changes to, and revocation of, development consent orders

(1) Schedule 6 to the Planning Act 2008 (changes to, and revocation of, orders
granting development consent) is amended as follows.

(2) 25In paragraph 2 (non-material changes to orders)—

(a) in sub-paragraph (8) (duty for Secretary of State to comply with
prescribed consultation and publicity requirements) after “Secretary of
State” insert “and the person who has made the application under sub-
paragraph (4)”, and

(b) 30after that sub-paragraph insert—

(8A) The power to make regulations under sub-paragraph (8)
includes power to allow the Secretary of State or the person
who has made the application under sub-paragraph (4) to
exercise a discretion.

(3) 35In paragraph 3 (changes to, and revocation of, orders) after sub-paragraph (5)
insert—

(5A) The Secretary of State may refuse to exercise the power on an
application made under sub-paragraph (4) or (5) if, in particular, the
Secretary of State considers that the development that would be
40authorised as a result of the change should properly be the subject of
an application under section 37 for a development consent order.

(4) In paragraph 4 (supplementary provisions about changes to, and revocation of,

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orders) after sub-paragraph (5) insert—

(5A) The power to make regulations under sub-paragraph (4) includes
power to allow a person to exercise a discretion.

Deemed discharge of planning conditions

26 5Deemed discharge of planning conditions

After section 74 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 insert—

74A Deemed discharge of planning conditions

(1) The Secretary of State may by development order make provision for
the deemed discharge of a condition to which this section applies.

(2) 10This section applies to a condition which—

(a) has been imposed on the grant of planning permission for the
development of land in England, and

(b) requires the consent, agreement or approval of a local planning
authority to any matter.

(3) 15Deemed discharge of a condition means that the local planning
authority’s consent, agreement or approval to any matter as required
by the condition is deemed to have been given.

(4) A development order which makes provision for deemed discharge of
a condition must provide that the condition is deemed to be discharged
20only if—

(a) a person (“the applicant”) has applied to the local planning
authority for the consent, agreement or approval required by
the condition,

(b) the period for the authority to give notice of their decision on
25the application has elapsed without that notice having been
given, and

(c) the applicant has taken such further steps (if any) as are
prescribed under subsection (5).

(5) The Secretary of State may by development order make provision
30about the procedure for the deemed discharge of a planning condition
and, in particular, provision—

(a) allowing or requiring steps to be taken by the applicant or the
local planning authority;

(b) as to the time at which or period within which a step may or
35must be taken;

(c) as to the time at which the deemed discharge takes effect
(including for this to be determined by the applicant, subject to
such limitations as may be prescribed);

(d) for a time or period within paragraph (b) or (c) to be modified
40by agreement between the applicant and the local planning
authority;

(e) as to the form or content of any notice which may or must be
given as part of the procedure, and as to the means by which it
may or must be given.

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(6) The Secretary of State may by development order provide that
provision for deemed discharge of a condition does not apply—

(a) in relation to a condition of a prescribed description;

(b) in relation to a condition imposed on the grant of planning
5permission of a prescribed description;

(c) in relation to a condition imposed on the grant of planning
permission for development of a prescribed description;

(d) in other prescribed circumstances.

(7) The power in subsection (6)(d) includes power to provide that
10provision for deemed discharge of a condition does not apply where an
applicant for planning permission and the local planning authority to
whom the application is made agree, before or after planning
permission is granted, that it should not apply in relation to a condition
imposed on the grant of permission.

(8) 15The Secretary of State may by development order make provision for
section 78(2) (appeals to the Secretary of State) not to apply, or to apply
with modifications, where—

(a) a person has applied for the consent, agreement or approval of
a local planning authority required by a condition imposed on
20a grant of planning permission,

(b) the local planning authority have not given notice to that person
of their decision on the application within the period mentioned
in section 78(2), and

(c) the person has taken such further steps (if any) as are prescribed
25to bring about the deemed discharge of the planning condition.

(9) A development order which makes provision for deemed discharge of
a condition must limit the application of that provision to a condition
imposed on the grant of planning permission following an application
made after the development order comes into force.

(10) 30In this section—

Mayoral development orders

27 35Mayoral development orders

(1) Schedule 4 (Mayoral development orders) has effect.

(2) The Secretary of State may by regulations make consequential provision in
connection with any provision made by that Schedule.

(3) Regulations under this section may amend, repeal, revoke or otherwise modify
40the application of any enactment (but, in the case of an Act, only if the Act was
passed before the end of the Session in which this Act is passed).

(4) In this section “enactment” includes an enactment comprised in subordinate
legislation within the meaning of the Interpretation Act 1978.

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The Homes and Communities Agency and other bodies

28 Property etc transfers to the HCA and the GLA

(1) The Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 is amended in accordance with
subsections (2) to (4).

(2) 5After section 53 (and after the italic heading before section 54) insert—

53A Other property etc transfers to the HCA

(1) The Secretary of State may at any time make one or more schemes for
the transfer to the HCA of designated property, rights or liabilities of a
specified public body.

(2) 10In subsection (2) “specified public body” means a public body which is
for the time being specified, or of a description specified, by regulations
made by the Secretary of State.

(3) On the date specified by a scheme as the date on which the scheme is to
have effect, the designated property, rights or liabilities are transferred
15and vest in accordance with the scheme.

(4) Schedule 6 applies to a scheme under this section.

(5) The Secretary of State may not make a scheme under this section unless
the specified public body to which the scheme relates has consented to
its provisions.

(6) 20A scheme under this section may not make provision in relation to land
which is held by the Secretary of State and was acquired, or is treated
as having been acquired, under section 39 of the Forestry Act 1967
(power to acquire land which is suitable for afforestation or purposes
connected with forestry).

(7) 25In this section—

(8) 30This section and section 53B bind the Crown, but do not have effect in
relation to property, rights or liabilities belonging to—

(a) Her Majesty in right of the Crown,

(b) Her Majesty in right of Her private estates,

(c) Her Majesty in right of the Duchy of Lancaster, or

(d) 35the Duchy of Cornwall.

(9) The reference in subsection (8) to Her Majesty’s private estates is to be
construed in accordance with section 1 of the Crown Private Estates Act
1862.

53B Tax consequences of transfers under section 53A

(1) 40The Treasury may by regulations make provision for varying the way
in which a relevant tax has effect from time to time in relation to—

(a) any property, rights or liabilities transferred in accordance with
a transfer scheme under section 53A, or

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(b) anything done for the purposes of, or in relation to, or in
consequence of, the transfer of any property, rights or liabilities
in accordance with such a transfer scheme.

(2) The provision that may be made under subsection (1)(a) includes, in
5particular, provision for—

(a) a tax provision not to apply, or to apply with modifications, in
relation to any property, rights or liabilities transferred;

(b) any property, rights or liabilities transferred to be treated in a
specified way for the purposes of a tax provision;

(c) 10the Secretary of State to be required or permitted, with the
consent of the Treasury, to determine, or to specify the method
for determining, anything which needs to be determined for the
purposes of any tax provision so far as relating to any property,
rights or liabilities transferred.

(3) 15The provision that may be made under subsection (1)(b) includes, in
particular, provision for—

(a) a tax provision not to apply, or to apply with modifications, in
relation to anything done for the purposes of, or in relation to,
or in consequence of, the transfer;

(b) 20anything done for the purposes of, or in relation to, or in
consequence of, the transfer to have or not have a specified
consequence or be treated in a specified way;

(c) the Secretary of State to be required or permitted, with the
consent of the Treasury, to determine, or to specify the method
25for determining, anything which needs to be determined for the
purposes of any tax provision so far as relating to anything done
for the purposes of, or in relation to, or in consequence of, the
transfer.

(4) In this section—

(5) References in this section to the transfer of property, rights or liabilities
35in accordance with a transfer scheme under section 53A include
references to—

(a) the creation of interests, rights or liabilities under the scheme,
and

(b) the modification of interests, rights or liabilities under the
40scheme,

(and “transferred”, in relation to property, rights or liabilities, is to be
read accordingly).

(3) In section 51 (property etc transfers) after subsection (3) insert—

(3A) A scheme under this section may not make provision in relation to land
45which is held by the Secretary of State and was acquired, or is treated
as having been acquired, under section 39 of the Forestry Act 1967
(power to acquire land which is suitable for afforestation or purposes
connected with forestry).

(4) In section 320 (orders and regulations)—

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(a) in subsection (7) (instruments subject to annulment in pursuance of a
resolution of either House of Parliament) after paragraph (c) insert—

(ca) regulations under section 53A(2),, and

(b) after that subsection insert—

(7A) 5An instrument containing regulations under section 53B is
subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House
of Commons.

(5) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is amended in accordance with
subsections (6) to (9).

(6) 10After section 333D insert—

333DA   Transfer schemes

(1) The Secretary of State may at any time make one or more schemes for
the transfer of designated property, rights or liabilities of a specified
public body to—

(a) 15the Authority, or

(b) a company or body through which the Authority exercises
functions in relation to housing or regeneration.

(2) In subsection (1) “specified public body” means a public body which is
for the time being specified, or of a description specified, by regulations
20made by the Secretary of State.

(3) On the date specified by a scheme as the date on which the scheme is to
have effect, the designated property, rights or liabilities are transferred
and vest in accordance with the scheme.

(4) The Secretary of State may not make a scheme under this section unless
25the specified public body to which the scheme relates has consented to
its provisions.

(5) A scheme under this section may not make provision in relation to land
which is held by the Secretary of State and was acquired, or is treated
as having been acquired, under section 39 of the Forestry Act 1967
30(power to acquire land which is suitable for afforestation or purposes
connected with forestry).

(6) In this section—

(7) This section and sections 333DB and 333DC bind the Crown, but do not
have effect in relation to property, rights or liabilities belonging to—

(a) Her Majesty in right of the Crown,

(b) 40Her Majesty in right of Her private estates,

(c) Her Majesty in right of the Duchy of Lancaster, or

(d) the Duchy of Cornwall.

(8) The reference in subsection (7) to Her Majesty’s private estates is to be
construed in accordance with section 1 of the Crown Private Estates Act
451862.

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