Immigration Bill (HC Bill 96)

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(3) An immigration officer or a constable, together with any person acting
under that person’s supervision, may also enter such premises to carry out
essential maintenance or repairs.

Notices and orders: offences

11 (1) 5A person who without reasonable excuse remains on or enters premises in
contravention of an illegal working closure notice commits an offence.

(2) A person who without reasonable excuse contravenes an illegal working
compliance order commits an offence.

(3) A person who without reasonable excuse obstructs a person acting under
10paragraph 4 or paragraph 5(1) commits an offence.

(4) A person guilty of an offence under this paragraph is liable on summary
conviction—

(a) in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51
weeks, to a fine or to both;

(b) 15in Scotland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, to
a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale or to both;

(c) in Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6
months, to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale or to
both.

(5) 20In relation to an offence committed before section 281(5) of the Criminal
Justice Act 2003 comes into force, the reference in sub-paragraph (4)(a) to 51
weeks is to be read as a reference to 6 months.

Access to other premises

12 (1) Where—

(a) 25access to premises is prohibited or restricted by a provision of an
illegal working compliance order,

(b) those premises are part of a building or structure, and

(c) there is another part of that building or structure that is not subject
to the prohibition or restriction,

30an occupier or owner of that other part may apply to the court for an order
under this paragraph.

(2) Notice of an application under this paragraph must be given to—

(a) whatever immigration officer the court thinks appropriate;

(b) each person on whom the illegal working closure notice was served
35under paragraph 4,

(c) any other person who has an interest in the premises.

(3) On an application under this paragraph the court may make whatever order
it thinks appropriate in relation to access to any part of the building or
structure mentioned in sub-paragraph (1).

(4) 40For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3), it does not matter whether provision
has been made under paragraph 5(10)(b).

Immigration BillPage 81

Reimbursement of costs

13 (1) Where the Secretary of State incurs expenditure for the purpose of clearing,
securing or maintaining premises in respect of which an illegal working
compliance order is in force, the Secretary of State may apply to the court for
5an order under this paragraph.

(2) On an application under this paragraph the court may make whatever order
it thinks appropriate for the reimbursement (in full or in part) by the owner
or occupier of the premises of the expenditure mentioned in sub-paragraph
(1).

(3) 10An application for an order under this paragraph may not be heard unless it
is made before the end of the period of 3 months starting with the day on
which the illegal working compliance order ceases to have effect.

(4) An order under this paragraph may be made only against a person who has
been served with the application for the order.

15Exemption from liability

14 (1) Each of the following—

(a) the Secretary of State,

(b) an immigration officer,

(c) a police officer,

(d) 20the chief officer of police under whose direction or control a police
officer acts,

is not liable for damages in proceedings for judicial review or the tort of
negligence or misfeasance in public office, arising out of anything done or
omitted to be done by the person in the exercise or purposed exercise of a
25power under this Schedule.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to an act or omission shown to have been
in bad faith.

(3) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply so as to prevent an award of damages
made in respect of an act or omission on the ground that the act or omission
30was unlawful by virtue of section 6(1) of the Human Rights Act 1998.

(4) This paragraph does not affect any other exemption from liability (whether
at common law or otherwise).

Compensation

15 (1) Subject to sub-paragraph (4), a person who claims to have incurred financial
35loss in consequence of an illegal working closure notice or an illegal working
compliance order may apply to the court for compensation.

(2) An application under this paragraph may not be heard unless it is made
before the end of the period of 3 months starting with the day on which the
notice or order ceases to have effect.

(3) 40On an application under this paragraph the court may order the payment of
compensation out of money provided by Parliament if it is satisfied—

(a) that the applicant is not otherwise associated with the use of the
premises on the basis of which the notice or order was made;

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(b) if the applicant is the owner or occupier of the premises, that the
applicant took reasonable steps to prevent that use;

(c) that the applicant has incurred financial loss in consequence of the
notice or order;

(d) 5that having regard to all the circumstances it is appropriate to order
payment of compensation in respect of that loss.

(4) No application may be made under this paragraph in relation to financial
loss related to a person’s work; and for this purpose “work” includes—

(a) employment;

(b) 10work under a contract personally to do work;

(c) work under or for the purposes of a contract for services;

(d) work for a purpose related to a contract to sell goods.

Guidance

16 (1) The Secretary of State may issue guidance about the exercise of functions
15under this Schedule.

(2) The Secretary of State may revise any guidance issued under this paragraph.

(3) Before issuing or revising guidance under this paragraph the Secretary of
State must consult—

(a) persons whom the Secretary of State considers to represent the views
20of immigration officers and of chief officers of police, and

(b) such other persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(4) The Secretary of State must arrange for any guidance issued or revised
under this paragraph to be published.

Interpretation

17 (1) 25In this Schedule—

  • “court”, except where the context otherwise requires, means—

    (a)

    in relation to premises in England and Wales or Northern
    Ireland, the magistrates’ court;

    (b)

    in relation to premises in Scotland, the sheriff court;

  • 30“owner” in relation to premises, means—

    (a)

    a person (other than a mortgagee not in possession) entitled
    to dispose of the fee simple of the premises, whether in
    possession or in reversion;

    (b)

    a person who holds or is entitled to the rents and profits of
    35the premises under a lease that (when granted) was for a term
    of not less than 3 years;

  • “person who has an interest”, in relation to premises, includes—

    (a)

    the owner;

    (b)

    any person with control of or responsibility for the premises;

    (c)

    40any person who otherwise occupies the premises;

  • “premises” includes—

    (a)

    any land, vehicle, vessel or other place (whether enclosed or
    not);

    (b)

    any outbuildings that are, or are used as, part of premises;

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  • “premises licence” has the meaning given by section 11 of the Licensing
    Act 2003;

  • “relevant licensing authority” has the meaning given by section 12 of
    that Act.

(2) 5In this Schedule—

(a) a reference to employment is to employment under a contract of
service or apprenticeship, whether express or implied and whether
oral or written;

(b) a person is subject to immigration control if under the Immigration
10Act 1971 the person requires leave to enter or remain in the United
Kingdom.

Amendment of Licensing Act 2003

18 After section 167(1) of the Licensing Act 2003 insert—

(1A) This section also applies where a court has made an illegal working
15compliance order under Schedule 3 to the Immigration Act 2016 and
the relevant licensing authority has accordingly received a notice
under that Schedule.”

Section 19

SCHEDULE 4 Bank accounts

1 20The Immigration Act 2014 is amended as follows.

2 After section 40 (prohibition on opening current accounts for disqualified
persons) insert—

40A Requirement to carry out immigration checks in relation to current
accounts

(1) 25A bank or building society must, at such times or with such
frequency as is specified in regulations made by the Treasury, carry
out an immigration check in relation to each current account held
with it that is not an excluded account.

(2) For the purposes of this section carrying out an “immigration check”
30in relation to a current account means checking whether, according
to information supplied by the Secretary of State to a specified anti-
fraud organisation or a specified data-matching authority, the
account is operated by or for a disqualified person.

(3) A “disqualified person” is a person—

(a) 35who is in the United Kingdom,

(b) who requires leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom
but does not have it, and

(c) for whom the Secretary of State considers that a current
account should not be provided by a bank or building
40society.

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(4) A current account is an excluded account for the purposes of
subsection (1) if the account is operated by or for a person or body of
a description specified in regulations made by the Treasury.

(5) An account is operated by or for a person or body if the person or
5body is an account holder or a signatory or identified as a beneficiary
in relation to the account.

(6) A bank or building society must—

(a) make arrangements with a specified anti-fraud organisation
or a specified data-matching authority for the purpose of
10enabling the bank or building society to carry out
immigration checks in relation to current accounts, and

(b) pay any reasonable fee required to be paid under those
arrangements.

(7) In this section “specified anti-fraud organisation” and “specified
15data-matching authority” have the same meaning as in section
40(3)(a).

40B Requirement to notify existence of current accounts for disqualified
persons

(1) This section applies where, as a result of an immigration check
20carried out under section 40A, a bank or building society identifies a
current account that is operated by or for a person who the bank or
building society believes to be a disqualified person.

(2) Where this section applies, the bank or building society (as the case
may be) must as soon as reasonably practicable—

(a) 25notify the Secretary of State that a current account held with
it is operated by or for a person who it believes to be a
disqualified person, and

(b) provide the Secretary of State with such other information as
may be prescribed.

(3) 30A notification made, or information provided, under subsection (2)
must be made or provided in the prescribed form and manner.

(4) In subsections (2) and (3) “prescribed” means prescribed in
regulations made by the Treasury.

(5) Regulations under subsection (2) may (in particular) require the
35provision of information relating to any accounts held with the bank
or building society that are operated by or for the person who is
believed to be a disqualified person.

40C Action to be taken by Secretary of State following section 40B
notification

(1) 40Where the Secretary of State receives a notification from a bank or
building society under section 40B(2) in relation to a person, the
Secretary of State must check whether the person is a disqualified
person.

(2) If the Secretary of State determines that the person is a disqualified
45person, the Secretary of State may apply under section 40D for a
freezing order in respect of one or more of the accounts held with the

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bank or building society that are operated by or for the disqualified
person.

(3) If the Secretary of State decides not to apply for a freezing order
under subsection (2), or decides to apply for a freezing order in
5respect of one or more but not all of the accounts held with the bank
or building society that are operated by or for the disqualified
person, the Secretary of State must notify the bank or building
society that it is subject to the duty in section 40G(2) in relation to the
disqualified person.

(4) 10A notification made under subsection (3) must contain the
prescribed information and be made in the prescribed form and
manner.

(5) In subsection (4) “prescribed” means prescribed in regulations made
by the Treasury.

(6) 15If the Secretary of State determines that the person is not a
disqualified person, the Secretary of State must notify the bank or
building society accordingly.

40D Freezing orders

(1) On an application by the Secretary of State under section 40C(2), the
20court may make a freezing order in respect of any account specified
in the application.

(2) A freezing order in respect of an account is an order that prohibits
each person and body by or for whom the account is operated from
making withdrawals or payments from the account.

(3) 25A freezing order may be made subject to exceptions.

(4) An exception may (in particular)—

(a) make provision for the disqualified person to meet his or her
reasonable living expenses and reasonable legal expenses;

(b) allow another person or body by or for whom the account is
30operated to make withdrawals or payments from the
account.

(5) An application for a freezing order may be made without notice.

(6) The court may vary or discharge a freezing order made in respect of
an account (whether made under this section or on an appeal under
35section 40E) on an application made by—

(a) the Secretary of State, or

(b) a person or body by or for whom the account is operated.

(7) If the Secretary of State applies for a freezing order in respect of an
account and the order is not made, or the order is made but
40subsequently discharged, the Secretary of State must notify the bank
or building society that it is subject to the duty in section 40G(2) in
relation to the disqualified person.

(8) A notification made under subsection (7) must contain the
information and be in the form and manner prescribed in regulations
45made under subsection (4) of section 40C for the purposes of
subsection (3) of that section.

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(9) In this section—

  • “the court” means—

    (a)

    in England and Wales, a magistrates’ court;

    (b)

    in Scotland, the sheriff;

    (c)

    5in Northern Ireland, a court of summary jurisdiction;

  • “the disqualified person” means the person who, following a
    check under section 40C(1), was determined to be a
    disqualified person, resulting in the application for the
    freezing order.

40E 10Freezing orders: appeals

(1) An appeal may be made to the relevant appeal court against a
decision of a court under section 40D.

(2) The right of appeal under subsection (1) is exercisable by—

(a) the Secretary of State, and

(b) 15if the decision relates to a freezing order that is in force in
respect of an account, a person or body by or for whom the
account is operated.

(3) On an appeal under this section the relevant appeal court may
make—

(a) 20whatever orders are necessary to give effect to its
determination of the appeal;

(b) whatever incidental or consequential orders appear to it to be
just.

(4) In this section “the relevant appeal court” means—

(a) 25the Crown Court, where the decision appealed against is a
decision of a magistrates’ court;

(b) the Sheriff Appeal Court, where the decision appealed
against is a decision of the sheriff;

(c) a county court, where the decision appealed against is a
30decision of a court of summary jurisdiction.

40F Freezing orders: code of practice

(1) The Secretary of State must issue a code of practice—

(a) specifying the factors that the Secretary of State will consider
when deciding whether to apply for a freezing order under
35section 40C(2),

(b) outlining the arrangements for keeping a freezing order
under review for the purpose of deciding whether to apply
under section 40D(6) for its variation or discharge, and

(c) specifying the factors that the Secretary of State will consider
40when deciding whether to make such an application.

(2) The Secretary of State must from time to time review the code and
may revise and re-issue it following a review.

(3) The code (or revised code)—

(a) may not be issued unless a draft has been laid before
45Parliament, and

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(b) comes into force in accordance with provision contained in
regulations made by the Secretary of State.

40G Closure of accounts not subject to freezing order

(1) This section applies where—

(a) 5a bank or building society makes a notification under section
40B(2) in relation to a person,

(b) the person is determined by the Secretary of State (following
a check under section 40C(1)) to be a disqualified person, and

(c) the bank or building society receives a notification under
10section 40C(3) or 40D(7) in relation to the disqualified person.

(2) Where this section applies the bank or building society must as soon
as reasonably practicable close each account held with it that—

(a) in the case of a notification under section 40C(3), is operated
by or for the disqualified person and is not the subject of an
15application for a freezing order;

(b) in the case of a notification under section 40D(7), is operated
by or for the disqualified person and in respect of which a
freezing order is not in force.

(3) The bank or building society may delay closing an account which it
20would otherwise be required to close under subsection (2) if at the
time at which it would otherwise be required to close it—

(a) the account is overdrawn, or

(b) where the account is operated by or for the disqualified
person and one or more bodies or other persons, the bank or
25building society considers that closing the account would
significantly adversely affect the interests of any of those
other bodies or persons.

(4) Where subsection (3) applies, closure of the account may be delayed
for such period as is reasonable (but not indefinitely).

(5) 30If an account falling within subsection (2) is operated by or for the
disqualified person and one or more bodies or other persons, the
bank or building society is to be treated as having complied with that
subsection in relation to that account if, as soon as reasonably
practicable, it takes all such steps as are necessary to prevent the
35account from being operated by or for the disqualified person
(instead of closing the account).

(6) Where the bank or building society closes an account in compliance
with this section, it must tell each person or body by or for whom the
account is operated, if it may lawfully do so, why it has closed the
40account.

(7) Where the bank or building society prevents an account from being
operated by or for the disqualified person by virtue of subsection (5),
it must tell each person or body by or for whom the account is
operated, if it may lawfully do so, why it has prevented the account
45from being operated by or for the disqualified person.

(8) The bank or building society must provide the Secretary of State with
information about the steps that it has taken to comply with this
section.

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(9) Information provided under subsection (8) must be provided in the
prescribed form and manner and at the prescribed times or with the
prescribed frequency.

(10) In subsection (9) “prescribed” means prescribed in regulations made
5by the Treasury.

40H Sections 40A to 40G: interpretation

(1) This section applies for the purposes of sections 40A to 40G.

(2) “Account” includes a financial product by means of which a
payment may be made.

(3) 10“Freezing order” has the meaning given by section 40D(2).

(4) “Disqualified person” has the meaning given by section 40A(3).

(5) References to an account being operated by or for a person or body
are to be read in accordance with section 40A(5).”

3 (1) Section 41 (regulation by Financial Conduct Authority) is amended as
15follows.

(2) In subsection (1), at the end insert “and the requirements imposed on them
by sections 40A, 40B and 40G”.

(3) In subsection (2)(a), at the end insert “or immigration checks under section
40A”.

4 20In section 42 (meaning of “bank” and “building society”), in subsections (1)
and (5), for “and 41” substitute “to 41”.

5 (1) Section 43 (power to amend) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (1)(b), after “40(1)” insert “or the requirement in section
40A(1)”.

(3) 25In subsection (1)(c), for “that section” substitute “section 40 or 40A”.

6 In section 74 (orders and regulations), in subsection (2) (statutory
instruments to which the affirmative resolution procedure applies), after
paragraph (b) insert—

(ba) regulations under section 40A(4);

(bb) 30regulations under section 40B;”.

7 (1) Section 18 of the Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (enforcement of
UK judgments in other parts of UK) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (3), for “subsection (4)” substitute “subsections (4) and (4ZA)”.

(3) After subsection (4) insert—

(4ZA) 35This section applies to a freezing order made under section 40D of
the Immigration Act 2014 by a magistrates’ court in England and
Wales or a court of summary jurisdiction in Northern Ireland.”

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Section 28

SCHEDULE 5 Amendments to search warrant provisions

Immigration Act 1971 (c. 77)1971 (c. 77)

1 The Immigration Act 1971 is amended as follows.

2 (1) 5Section 28D (entry and search of premises) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (1)—

(a) in paragraph (b) for “specified in the application” substitute
“mentioned in subsection (2A)”, and

(b) at the end of paragraph (e) insert “in relation to each set of premises
10specified in the application.”

(3) After subsection (1) insert—

(1A) The premises referred to in subsection (1)(b) above are—

(a) one or more sets of premises specified in the application, or

(b) any premises occupied or controlled by a person specified in
15the application, including such sets of premises as are so
specified (in which case the application is for an “all premises
warrant”).

(1B) If the application is for an all premises warrant, the justice of the
peace must also be satisfied—

(a) 20that because of the particulars of the offence referred to in
paragraph (a) of subsection (1), there are reasonable grounds
for believing that it is necessary to search premises occupied
or controlled by the person in question which are not
specified in the application in order to find the material
25referred to in paragraph (b) of that subsection, and

(b) that it is not reasonably practicable to specify in the
application all the premises which the person occupies or
controls and which might need to be searched.

(1C) The warrant may authorise entry to and search of premises on more
30than one occasion if, on the application, the justice of the peace is
satisfied that it is necessary to authorise multiple entries in order to
achieve the purpose for which the justice issues the warrant.

(1D) If it authorises multiple entries, the number of entries authorised
may be unlimited, or limited to a maximum.”

(4) 35In subsection (2) after “conditions” insert “referred to in subsection (1)(e)”.

(5) In subsection (7)—

(a) for “subsection (1)” substitute “this section”,

(b) in paragraph (a) for “the reference” substitute “references” and for “a
reference” substitute “references”, and

(c) 40in paragraph (b) for “paragraph (b)” substitute “subsection (1)(b)”.

3 (1) Section 28FB (search for personnel records with warrant) is amended as
follows.

(2) In subsection (1)—