Session 2017-19
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Other Bills before Parliament


 
 

1

 

House of Commons

 
 

Thursday 16 November 2017

 

Public Bill Committee

 

New Amendments handed in are marked thus Parliamentary Star

 

Parliamentary Star - whiteAmendments which will comply with the required notice period at their next appearance

 

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill


 

Note

 

This document includes all amendments remaining before the Committee and

 

includes any withdrawn amendments at the end. The amendments have been

 

arranged in accordance with the Order of the Committee [31 October 2017].

 


 

New Clauses

 

Karl Turner

 

Vicky Foxcroft

 

NC5

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Review of regulations in Part 2

 

(1)    

Within 12 months, and once in each 12 month period thereafter, the Secretary of

 

State must lay a report before Parliament on the regulations made using powers

 

granted in Part 2 of this Act.

 

(2)    

The report must consider—

 

(a)    

the effectiveness of the regulations,

 

(b)    

the impact the regulations are having on public charge point operators,

 

(c)    

the impact the regulations are having on fuel retailers,


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 16 November 2017                  

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Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, continued

 
 

(d)    

the impact the regulations are having on the National Grid, and

 

(e)    

how the regulations are impacting on the uptake of electric vehicles.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Secretary of State to lay a report before Parliament each year

 

assessing the effectiveness and impact of the regulations in Part 2.

 


 

Karl Turner

 

Vicky Foxcroft

 

NC9

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Updates to software and operation of automated vehicles

 

The Secretary of State must bring forward regulations to require that automated

 

vehicles cannot operate in automated mode on public roads unless the application

 

software relating to the vehicle’s automated function is up to date.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Government to introduce regulations that require automated

 

vehicles to be up to date in order for them to utilise automated functions on public roads.

 


 

Karl Turner

 

Vicky Foxcroft

 

NC10

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Review of Part 1

 

(1)    

By September 2019, the Secretary of State must lay a report before Parliament

 

assessing the effectiveness of the system for defining and insuring automated

 

vehicles introduced by Part 1 of this Act.

 

(2)    

The report must consider—

 

(a)    

the impact on the insurance industry,

 

(b)    

the impact on the cost of insurance premiums for automated vehicles,

 

(c)    

the impact on the uptake of automated vehicles, and

 

(d)    

the levels of disagreement between manufacturers and insurers on

 

liability.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Government to lay a report before Parliament assessing the

 

effectiveness and impact of the system introduced in Part 1.

 



 
 

Public Bill Committee: 16 November 2017                  

3

 

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, continued

 
 

Clive Efford

 

NC11

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Approval of automated vehicle software

 

(1)    

The Secretary of State must set out in regulations a system for approving

 

automated vehicle software.

 

(2)    

These regulations must, in particular, make provision for—

 

(a)    

the criteria to be used in the approval process to determine whether

 

automated vehicle software is safe for use on roads or other public places

 

in Great Britain, including, but not limited to the way in which the vehicle

 

is programmed to—

 

(i)    

deal with moral judgements, and

 

(ii)    

transition between driving itself and being driven by a person.

 

(b)    

the process by which manufacturers of automated vehicles may apply for

 

software approval, including, but not limited to, any inspection and

 

testing that the vehicle may be required to undergo, and

 

(c)    

the process by which manufacturers of automated vehicles may appeal if

 

their software is not approved.

 

(3)    

In this section, a “moral judgement” refers to any situation where an automated

 

vehicle has, and makes, a choice of action during an accident while the vehicle is

 

driving itself.

 

(4)    

In this section and section 2, the definition of transition of an automated vehicle

 

“between driving itself and being driven by a person” may be set out by the

 

Secretary of State in regulations.

 

(5)    

Where a statutory instrument contains the first regulations made under this

 

section, the instrument may not be made unless a draft of it has been laid before

 

Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House.

 

(6)    

A statutory instrument containing regulation under this section, that is not the first

 

such regulation made under this section, is subject to annulment in pursuance of

 

a resolution of either House of Parliament.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Government to establish a system for approving automated

 

vehicle software. The approval process would include an opportunity for manufacturers to appeal

 

against a failed approval process. Criteria for approval would include consideration of the way in

 

which the vehicle was programmed to deal with moral judgements.

 


 

Alan Brown

 

NC12

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Review of impact of Part 2

 

(1)    

The Secretary of State must, within 12 months of this Act receiving Royal Assent,

 

lay a report before Parliament setting out the impact of regulations made under

 

Part 2 on—

 

(a)    

the number and location of charge points in the United Kingdom,

 

(b)    

the resulting uptake of electric vehicles in the United Kingdom, and

 

(c)    

the manufacturing of electric vehicles in the United Kingdom.


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 16 November 2017                  

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Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, continued

 
 

(2)    

Before exercising their duties under subsection (1), the Secretary of State must

 

consult the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern

 

Ireland Executive and have regard to their views.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Government to produce a report examining the uptake and

 

manufacturing of electric vehicles in the United Kingdom.

 


 

Alan Brown

 

NC13

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Report on electric charging points

 

(1)    

The Secretary of State must, within 12 months of this Act receiving Royal Assent,

 

lay a report before Parliament setting out a UK-wide electric charging point

 

strategy that must include, but is not limited to, a strategy for establishing

 

charging points for —

 

(a)    

domestic properties,

 

(b)    

urban and rural settlements, and

 

(c)    

the road network.

 

(2)    

Before exercising their duties under subsection (1), the Secretary of State must

 

consult the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern

 

Ireland Executive and have regard to their views.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Government to consult with devolved administrations and

 

produce a report setting out a UK-wide strategy for electric charging points.

 


 

Alan Brown

 

NC14

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Report on impact of electric vehicle charging points on energy consumption

 

(1)    

The Secretary of State must, within 12 months of this Act receiving Royal Assent,

 

lay a report before Parliament on the impact of charging points on—

 

(a)    

energy consumption,

 

(b)    

grid management, and

 

(c)    

grid storage capacity.

 

(2)    

Before exercising their duties under subsection (1), the Secretary of State must

 

consult the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern

 

Ireland Executive and have regard to their views.

 

(3)    

As well as consulting those in subsection (2) the Secretary of State must consult

 

with—

 

(a)    

the National Grid, and

 

(b)    

any other such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.”


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 16 November 2017                  

5

 

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, continued

 
 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Government to consult with devolved administrations and

 

produce a report on the impact of energy consumption as a result of increased number of electric

 

vehicles in the UK

 


 

Clive Efford

 

NC15

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Liability of insurers etc where accident is caused by automated vehicles in

 

convoy

 

(1)    

That the Secretary of State must set out in regulations liability for insurers and

 

other parties where an accident is caused by automated vehicles driving

 

themselves in convoy.

 

(2)    

These regulations must make provision for—

 

(a)    

a definition of automated vehicles driving themselves in convoy,

 

(b)    

determining liability of insurers and automated vehicle owners in cases

 

where—

 

(i)    

the automated vehicles travelling in convoy are insured,

 

including where the vehicles may be insured by different

 

companies;

 

(ii)    

one or more of the automated vehicles driving in convoy are not

 

insured.

 

(c)    

resolving liability disputes where automated vehicles are driving in

 

convoy,

 

(d)    

ensuring any compensation received by the injured party in such

 

accidents is not delayed by liability disputes.

 

(3)    

Where a statutory instrument contains the first regulations made under this

 

section, the instrument may not be made unless a draft of it has been laid before

 

Parliament and approved by resolution of the House.

 

(4)    

A statutory instrument containing regulation under this section that is not the first

 

such regulation made under this section, is subject to an annulment in pursuance

 

of a resolution of either House of Parliament.”

 


 

Karl Turner

 

Vicky Foxcroft

 

NC16

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Sharing of data to resolve liability disputes

 

(1)    

Where an accident occurs under sections 2, 3 or 4, the insurer and other interested

 

parties have the right to acquire data from the automated vehicle for the purpose

 

of determining the extent of liability.

 

(2)    

The Secretary of State must set out in regulations a system for handling and

 

sharing data generated in respect of accidents involving automated vehicles.


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 16 November 2017                  

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Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, continued

 
 

(3)    

These regulations must make provision for—

 

(a)    

the format and content of the data recorded by automated vehicles,

 

(b)    

identifying who is responsible for data collection,

 

(c)    

identifying which interested parties have the right to acquire data from

 

the automated vehicle,

 

(d)    

how such data may be acquired by the insurer and other interested parties,

 

and

 

(e)    

any limitation that should be placed on how that data can be shared or

 

used.

 

(4)    

Prior to making regulations under this section, the Secretary of State must consult

 

with such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

 

(5)    

Where a statutory instrument contains the first regulations made under this

 

section, the instrument may not be made unless a draft of it has been laid before

 

Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House.

 

(6)    

A statutory instrument containing regulations under this section, that is not the

 

first such instrument made under this section, is subject to annulment in

 

pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would ensure that insurers and other interested parties have access to automated

 

vehicle data for the purpose of resolving disputes on the extent of liability where an accident has

 

occurred. This clause would give the Secretary of State power to make regulations on how such

 

data should be handled and shared.

 


 

Karl Turner

 

Vicky Foxcroft

 

NC17

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Accident resulting from unauthorised inspection, repair or maintenance of

 

automated vehicle

 

(1)    

An insurance policy in respect of an automated vehicle may exclude or limit the

 

insurer’s liability under section 2(1) for damage suffered by an insured person

 

arising from an accident occurring as a direct result of unauthorised inspection,

 

repair or maintenance of the automated vehicle, made by the insured person, or

 

with the insured person’s knowledge, that are prohibited under the policy.

 

(2)    

But as regards liability for damage suffered by an insured person who is not the

 

holder of the policy, subsection (1) applies only in relation to unauthorised

 

inspection, repair or maintenance of the automated vehicle which, at the time of

 

the accident, the person knows are prohibited under the policy.

 

(3)    

Subsection (4) applies where an amount is paid by an insurer under section 2(1)

 

in respect of damage suffered, as a result of an accident, by someone who is not

 

insured under the policy in question.

 

(4)    

If the accident occurred as a direct result of unauthorised inspection, repair or

 

maintenance of the automated vehicle, made by the insured person, or with the

 

insured person’s knowledge, that are prohibited under the policy, the amount paid

 

by the insurer is recoverable from that person to the extent provided for by the

 

policy.

 

(5)    

But as regards recovery from an insured person who is not the holder of the

 

policy, subsection (4) applies only in relation to unauthorised inspection, repair


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 16 November 2017                  

7

 

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, continued

 
 

or maintenance of the automated vehicle which, at the time of the accident, the

 

person knew were prohibited under the policy.

 

(6)    

For the purposes of this section the Secretary of State must by regulations

 

establish a scheme for authorised inspection, repair and maintenance of

 

automated vehicles by licensed and accredited technicians.

 

(7)    

The scheme must include details of—

 

(a)    

which professional body will operate the licensing and accreditation of

 

technicians,

 

(b)    

how the licensing and accreditation scheme will operate,

 

(c)    

a minimum level of training for technicians working on listed automated

 

vehicles, and

 

(d)    

how a list of accredited individuals will be prepared and kept up-to-date.

 

(8)    

Prior to making regulations under this section, the Secretary of State must consult

 

with such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

 

(9)    

Where a statutory instrument contains the first regulations made under this

 

section, the instrument may not be made unless a draft of it has been laid before

 

Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House.

 

(10)    

A statutory instrument containing regulations under this section, that is not the

 

first such instrument made under this section, is subject to annulment in

 

pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would ensure that insurers should not have to bear liability to the insured person

 

for accidents caused by the vehicle being inspected, repaired or maintained by unauthorised

 

technicians in breach of the insurance policy. This would apply subject to various conditions

 

regarding the level of knowledge of the insured person or policyholder about the insurance policy

 

requirements. This clause would give the Secretary of State power to make regulations on a scheme

 

for authorised inspection, repair and maintenance of automated vehicles by licensed and

 

accredited technicians.

 


 

Karl Turner

 

Vicky Foxcroft

 

NC18

 

To move the following Clause—

 

         

“Cyber Security and hacking of automated vehicles

 

The Secretary of State must, within 12 months of this Act receiving Royal Assent,

 

consult with such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate on what

 

steps will be required for the effective cyber security of automated vehicles listed

 

under section 1 to protect those vehicles against accidents caused by hacking.”

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This new clause would require the Secretary of State to report within 12 months what steps would

 

be required to protect automated vehicles from accidents caused by hacking.

 



 
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Revised 15 November 2017