Drone (Regulation) (No. 2) Bill (HC Bill 325)

A

BILL

TO

Require drones to be marked and registered and to broadcast certain
information electronically; to place restrictions on drone flight near
aerodromes; and for connected purposes.

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

1 Drones to be registered

(1) In this Act “drone” means a small unmanned aircraft which is controlled
remotely.

(2) The Secretary of State must by regulations prescribe the categories of drone to
5which the provisions of this Act apply (“prescribed drones”).

2 Marking, registration and electronic conspicuity devices

(1) A prescribed drone cannot be flown in the United Kingdom unless it is
registered.

(2) The CAA is the authority for the registration of prescribed drones in the United
10Kingdom.

(3) The manufacturer of a prescribed drone must make a permanent mark on that
drone by which it can be identified.

(4) A person must not sell a prescribed drone in the United Kingdom unless it—

(a) has a permanent mark by which it can be identified; and

(b) 15is registered with the CAA at time of sale.

(5) The operator of a prescribed drone must not fly that drone in the United
Kingdom unless it—

(a) has a permanent mark by which it can be identified;

(b) is fitted with a functioning electronic conspicuity device.

(6) 20The Secretary of State must by regulations make provision for requirements
about—

Drone (Regulation) (No. 2) BillPage 2

(a) the permanent marks by which prescribed drones can be identified,

(b) the registration of prescribed drones, including processes for
registering a drone and for altering the register to reflect a change in
ownership of a drone, and

(c) 5electronic conspicuity devices.

3 Restrictions on drone flight near aerodromes

(1) The operator of a prescribed drone must not fly that drone within 5 kilometres
of an aerodrome unless—

(a) that flight meets both conditions in subsection (2), or

(b) 10express permission for that flight has been granted by the CAA, or

(c) that operator is an exempt body.

(2) The conditions for subsection (1)(a) are that the prescribed drone—

(a) is flown directly above a domestic or commercial building, and

(b) does not attain a height of more than 30 metres above the highest point
15of any such building.

(3) The Secretary of State may by regulations designate a body as an “exempt
body” for the purposes of subsection (1)(c).

4 Enforcement

(1) The CAA is the enforcement authority for contraventions of sections 2 and 3.

(2) 20The Secretary of State must by regulations make provision for enforcement
action under those sections.

5 Interpretation

In this Act—

  • “aerodrome” has the same meaning as in Schedule 1 to the Air Navigation
    25Order 2016 (S.I. 2016/765S.I. 2016/765);

  • “Civil Aviation Authority” (“CAA”) means the body corporate
    constituted in accordance with the provisions of section 2 of the Civil
    Aviation Act 1982;

  • “electronic conspicuity device” means a device able to broadcast
    30electronically information relating to the identification, location and
    height of an aircraft or drone;

  • “operator” of a drone means the person who at the relevant time has
    control of that drone when it is preparing to be flown or is being flown.

6 Regulations

(1) 35Any duty or power to make regulations under sections 1 to 4 and 7—

(a) is exercisable by statutory instrument;

(b) includes power to make different provision for different purposes;

(c) includes power to make supplementary, incidental, consequential,
transitional, transitory and saving provision.

(2) 40A statutory instrument containing regulations under any of sections 1 to 4 may
not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved
by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

Drone (Regulation) (No. 2) BillPage 3

7 Extent, commencement and short title

(1) This Act extends to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

(2) This Act (other than this section) comes in to force on such day as the Secretary
of State may by regulations made by statutory instrument appoint.

(3) 5This Act may be cited as the Drone (Regulation) Act 2019.