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(4) Nothing in this paragraph requires a chief officer—

(a) to comply with an obligation imposed under sub-paragraph
20(1) before the earliest time at which it is practicable to do so,
or

(b) to comply at all with any such obligation if it never becomes
practicable to do so.

(5) In this paragraph—

Powers of inspectors regarding access to police premises

6B (1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies if—

(a) an inspector requires the chief officer of police of a police
35force to allow the inspector to have access to any premises
occupied for the purposes of that force and to documents and
other things on those premises, and

(b) the requirement is imposed for the purposes of an inspection
under section 54.

(2) 40The chief officer must secure that the required access is allowed to
the inspector.

(3) Where there are reasonable grounds for not allowing the inspector to
have the required access at the time at which the inspector seeks to
have it, the obligation under sub-paragraph (2) has effect as an
45obligation to secure that the required access is allowed to the
inspector at the earliest practicable time specified by the inspector
after there cease to be any such grounds.

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(4) In this paragraph “document” and “inspector” have the same
meanings as in paragraph 6A..

89 HMIC and freedom of information

In Part 6 of Schedule 1 to the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (other public
5bodies and offices: general), at the appropriate place insert—

“The chief inspector of constabulary appointed under section 54(1) of the Police
Act 1996.”.

Community safety partnerships

90 Crime and disorder strategies

10Schedule 11 (which contains amendments to sections 5 to 7 of the Crime and
Disorder Act 1998 in relation to the formulation and implementation of crime
and disorder strategies) has effect.

Policing in England and Wales

91 Collaboration agreements

(1) 15The Police Act 1996 is amended in accordance with subsections (2) and (3).

(2) After section 22 insert—

22A Collaboration agreements

(1) A collaboration agreement may be made by—

(a) two or more policing bodies; or

(b) 20the chief officers of police of one or more police forces and two
or more policing bodies.

(2) A collaboration agreement is an agreement containing one or more of
the following—

(a) provision about the discharge of functions of members of a
25police force (“force collaboration provision”);

(b) provision about support by a policing body for another policing
body (“policing body collaboration provision”);

(c) provision about support by a policing body for the police force
which another policing body is responsible for maintaining
30(“policing body & force collaboration provision”).

(3) A collaboration agreement may not contain force collaboration
provision unless the parties to the agreement consist of, or include,—

(a) the chief officer of police of each police force to which the
provision relates, and

(b) 35the policing body that is responsible for maintaining each such
police force.

(4) A collaboration agreement may not contain policing body collaboration
provision unless the parties to the agreement consist of, or include, each
policing body to which the provision relates.

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(5) A collaboration agreement may not contain policing body & force
collaboration provision unless the parties to the agreement consist of,
or include—

(a) the policing body, or each policing body, to which the provision
5relates;

(b) the chief officer of police of the police force, or each police force,
to which the provision relates; and

(c) the policing body that is responsible for maintaining each such
police force.

(6) 10Subsection (1) does not prevent other persons from being parties to
collaboration agreements.

(7) Subsection (2) does not prevent a collaboration agreement from
including other kinds of provision.

(8) For the purposes of subsections (3) and (5), the circumstances in which
15force collaboration provision, or policing body & force collaboration
provision, is to be taken to relate to a police force include the cases
where provision relates—

(a) to functions of a kind which are or may be exercisable by
members of that police force, or

(b) 20to the police area for which that police force is established.

(9) For the purposes of subsections (4) and (5), the circumstances in which
policing body collaboration provision, or policing body & force
collaboration provision, is to be taken to relate to a policing body
include the cases where provision relates—

(a) 25to functions of a kind which are or may be exercisable by that
policing body or members of the staff of that body, or

(b) to the police area for which that policing body is established.

22B Duty of chief officers to keep collaboration agreements under review

(1) The chief officer of police of a police force must keep under
30consideration the ways in which the collaboration functions could be
exercised by the chief officer and by one or more other persons to
improve the efficiency or effectiveness of—

(a) that police force, and

(b) one or more other police forces.

(2) 35If the chief officer considers that there is a particular way in which the
collaboration functions could be so exercised by the chief officer and by
one or more other particular persons (“the proposed collaboration”),
the chief officer must notify those other persons (the “proposed
partners”) of the proposed collaboration.

(3) 40The chief officer, and the proposed partners notified under subsection
(2) (the “notified proposed partners”), must consider whether to
exercise the collaboration functions to give effect to the proposed
collaboration.

(4) In considering whether to so exercise the collaboration functions, the
45chief officer and the notified proposed partners must consider whether
the proposed collaboration would be in the interests of the efficiency or
effectiveness of one or more police forces.

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(5) Subsection (6) applies if all, or two or more, of—

(a) the chief officer, and

(b) the notified proposed partners,

(the “agreeing parties”) are of the view that the proposed collaboration
5would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or
more police forces (if the agreeing parties were to exercise the
collaboration functions to give effect to the proposed collaboration, or
to give effect to it so far as it relates to them).

(6) The agreeing parties must exercise the collaboration functions so as to
10give effect to the proposed collaboration or to give effect to it so far as
it relates to them.

(7) In this section “collaboration functions” means functions of chief
officers of police or policing bodies under any of sections 22A to 23I
(apart from this section).

22C 15Duty of policing bodies to keep collaboration agreements under
review

(1) A policing body must keep under consideration the ways in which the
collaboration functions could be exercised by the policing body and by
one or more other persons to improve—

(a) 20the efficiency or effectiveness of—

(i) that policing body,

(ii) the police force which that policing body is responsible
for maintaining, or

(iii) that body and that force, and

(b) 25the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more other policing
bodies and police forces.

(2) If the policing body considers that there is a particular way in which the
collaboration functions could be so exercised by the policing body and
by one or more other particular persons (“the proposed collaboration”),
30the policing must notify those other persons (the “proposed partners”)
of the proposed collaboration.

(3) The policing body, and the proposed partners notified under
subsection (2) (the “notified proposed partners”), must consider
whether to exercise the collaboration functions to give effect to the
35proposed collaboration.

(4) In considering whether to so exercise the collaboration functions, the
policing body and the notified proposed partners must consider
whether the proposed collaboration would be in the interests of the
efficiency or effectiveness of one or more policing bodies or police
40forces.

(5) Subsection (6) applies if all, or two or more, of—

(a) the policing body, and

(b) the notified proposed partners,

(the “agreeing parties”) are of the view that the proposed collaboration
45would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or
more policing bodies or police forces (if the agreeing parties were to
exercise the collaboration functions to give effect to the proposed
collaboration, or to give effect to it so far as it relates to them).

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(6) The agreeing parties must exercise the collaboration functions so as to
give effect to the proposed collaboration, or to give effect to it so far as
it relates to them.

(7) In this section “collaboration functions” means functions of policing
5bodies or chief officers of police under any of sections 22A to 23I (apart
from this section)..

(3) After section 23F insert—

23FA Police functions that must be the subject of force collaboration
provision

(1) 10The Secretary of State may, by order, require a specified police function
to be exercised in relation to—

(a) all police areas, or

(b) all police areas apart from any specified in the order,

in accordance with police collaboration provision.

(2) 15An order under this section may specify whether the specified police
function is required to be exercised in relation to the specified police
areas in accordance with police collaboration provision contained in—

(a) a single collaboration agreement which relates to all of those
police areas, or

(b) 20a number of collaboration agreements which, between them,
relate to all of those police areas.

(3) Provision under subsection (2)(b) need not specify a particular number
of collaboration agreements.

(4) If, but for this subsection, an instrument containing an order under this
25section would be treated for the purposes of the standing orders of
either House of Parliament as a hybrid instrument, it is to proceed in
that House as if it were not a hybrid instrument.

(5) In this section “specified” means specified in an order under this
section..

(4) 30Schedule 12 (collaboration agreements) has effect.

92 Police powers for civilian employees under collaboration agreements

Schedule 13 (police powers for civilian employees under collaboration
agreements) has effect.

93 Power to give directions

(1) 35The Police Act 1996 is amended as follows.

(2) In section 40 (powers to give directions in relation to police force), for “police
authority” (in each place) substitute “local policing body”.

(3) In section 40A (powers to give directions in relation to police authority)—

(a) for “police authority” (in each place, including in the title) substitute
40“local policing body”;

(b) for “the authority” substitute “the local policing body”.

(4) In section 40B (procedure for directions under section 40 or 40A)—

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Contents page 1-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-99 100-109 110-119 120-129 130-139 140-149 150-159 Last page