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A

BILL

TO

Establish and make provision about a National Health Service Commissioning
Board and clinical commissioning groups and to make other provision about
the National Health Service in England; to make provision about public health
in the United Kingdom; to make provision about regulating health and adult
social care services; to make provision about public involvement in health and
social care matters, scrutiny of health matters by local authorities and co-
operation between local authorities and commissioners of health care services;
to make provision about regulating health and social care workers; to establish
and make provision about a National Institute for Health and Care Excellence;
to establish and make provision about a Health and Social Care Information
Centre and to make other provision about information relating to health or
social care matters; to abolish certain public bodies involved in health or social
care; to make other provision about health care; and for connected purposes.

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part 1 The health service in England

The health service: overview

1 Secretary of State’s duty to promote comprehensive health service

5For section 1 of the National Health Service Act 2006 (Secretary of State’s duty
to promote health service) substitute—

1 Secretary of State’s duty to promote comprehensive health service

(1) The Secretary of State must continue the promotion in England of a
comprehensive health service designed to secure improvement—

(a) 10in the physical and mental health of the people of England, and

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(b) in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness.

(2) For that purpose, the Secretary of State must exercise the functions
conferred by this Act so as to secure that services are provided in
accordance with this Act.

(3) 5The services provided as part of the health service in England must be
free of charge except in so far as the making and recovery of charges is
expressly provided for by or under any enactment, whenever passed.

2 The Secretary of State’s duty as to improvement in quality of services

After section 1 of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

1A 10Duty as to improvement in quality of services

(1) The Secretary of State must exercise the functions of the Secretary of
State in relation to the health service with a view to securing continuous
improvement in the quality of services provided to individuals for or in
connection with—

(a) 15the prevention, diagnosis or treatment of illness, or

(b) the protection or improvement of public health.

(2) In discharging the duty under subsection (1) the Secretary of State
must, in particular, act with a view to securing continuous
improvement in the outcomes that are achieved from the provision of
20the services.

(3) The outcomes relevant for the purposes of subsection (2) include, in
particular, outcomes which show—

(a) the effectiveness of the services,

(b) the safety of the services, and

(c) 25the quality of the experience undergone by patients.

(4) In discharging the duty under subsection (1), the Secretary of State
must have regard to the quality standards prepared by NICE under
section 231 of the Health and Social Care Act 2011.

3 The Secretary of State’s duty as to reducing inequalities

30After section 1A of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

1B Duty as to reducing inequalities

In exercising functions in relation to the health service, the Secretary of
State must have regard to the need to reduce inequalities between the
people of England with respect to the benefits that they can obtain from
35the health service.

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4 The Secretary of State’s duty as to promoting autonomy

After section 1B of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

1C Duty as to promoting autonomy

In exercising functions in relation to the health service, the Secretary of
5State must, so far as is consistent with the interests of the health service,
act with a view to securing—

(a) that any other person exercising functions in relation to the
health service or providing services for its purposes is free to
exercise those functions or provide those services in the manner
10that it considers most appropriate, and

(b) that unnecessary burdens are not imposed on any such person.

5 The Secretary of State’s duty as to research

After section 1C of the National Health Service Act 2006, insert—

1D Duty as to research

15“In exercising functions in relation to the health service, the Secretary
of State must have regard to the need to promote—

(a) research on matters relevant to the health service, and

(b) the use in the health service of evidence obtained from
research.

6 20The NHS Commissioning Board

(1) After section 1D of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

Role of the Board in the health service in England
1E The National Health Service Commissioning Board and its general
functions

(1) 25There is to be a body corporate known as the National Health Service
Commissioning Board (“the Board”).

(2) The Board is subject to the duty under section 1(1) concurrently with
the Secretary of State except in relation to the part of the health service
that is provided in pursuance of the public health functions of the
30Secretary of State or local authorities.

(3) For the purpose of discharging that duty, the Board—

(a) has the function of arranging for the provision of services for the
purposes of the health service in England in accordance with
this Act, and

(b) 35must exercise the functions conferred on it by this Act in
relation to clinical commissioning groups so as to secure that
services are provided for those purposes in accordance with this
Act.

(4) Schedule A1 makes further provision about the Board.

(5) 40In this Act—

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(a) any reference to the public health functions of the Secretary of
State is a reference to the functions of the Secretary of State
under sections 2A and 2B and paragraphs 7C, 8 and 12 of
Schedule 1, and

(b) 5any reference to the public health functions of local authorities
is a reference to the functions of local authorities under sections
2B and 111 and paragraphs 1 to 7B and 13 of Schedule 1.

(2) Before Schedule 1 to that Act, insert the Schedule set out in Schedule 1 to this
Act.

7 10Clinical commissioning groups

After section 1E of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

Role of clinical commissioning groups in the health service in England
1F Clinical commissioning groups and their general functions

(1) There are to be bodies corporate known as clinical commissioning
15groups established in accordance with Chapter A2 of Part 2.

(2) Each clinical commissioning group has the function of arranging for the
provision of services for the purposes of the health service in England
in accordance with this Act.

Arrangements for provision of health services

8 20The Secretary of State’s duty as to protection of public health

After section 2 of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

Provision for protection or improvement of public health
2A Secretary of State’s duty as to protection of public health

(1) The Secretary of State must take such steps as the Secretary of State
25considers appropriate for the purpose of protecting the public in
England from disease or other dangers to health.

(2) The steps that may be taken under subsection (1) include—

(a) the conduct of research or such other steps as the Secretary of
State considers appropriate for advancing knowledge and
30understanding;

(b) providing microbiological or other technical services (whether
in laboratories or otherwise);

(c) providing vaccination, immunisation or screening services;

(d) providing other services or facilities for the prevention,
35diagnosis or treatment of illness;

(e) providing training;

(f) providing information and advice;

(g) making available the services of any person or any facilities.

(3) Subsection (4) applies in relation to any function under this section
40which relates to—

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(a) the protection of the public from ionising or non-ionising
radiation, and

(b) a matter in respect of which the Health and Safety Executive has
a function.

(4) 5In exercising the function, the Secretary of State must—

(a) consult the Health and Safety Executive, and

(b) have regard to its policies.

9 Duties as to improvement of public health

After section 2A of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

2B 10Functions of local authorities and Secretary of State as to improvement
of public health

(1) Each local authority must take such steps as it considers appropriate for
improving the health of the people in its area.

(2) The Secretary of State may take such steps as the Secretary of State
15considers appropriate for improving the health of the people of
England.

(3) The steps that may be taken under subsection (1) or (2) include—

(a) providing information and advice;

(b) providing services or facilities designed to promote healthy
20living (whether by helping individuals to address behaviour
that is detrimental to health or in any other way);

(c) providing services or facilities for the prevention, diagnosis or
treatment of illness;

(d) providing financial incentives to encourage individuals to
25adopt healthier lifestyles;

(e) providing assistance (including financial assistance) to help
individuals to minimise any risks to health arising from their
accommodation or environment;

(f) providing or participating in the provision of training for
30persons working or seeking to work in the field of health
improvement;

(g) making available the services of any person or any facilities.

(4) The steps that may be taken under subsection (1) also include
providing grants or loans (on such terms as the local authority
35considers appropriate).

(5) In this section, “local authority” means—

(a) a county council in England;

(b) a district council in England, other than a council for a district
in a county for which there is a county council;

(c) 40a London borough council;

(d) the Council of the Isles of Scilly;

(e) the Common Council of the City of London.

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10 Duties of clinical commissioning groups as to commissioning certain health
services

(1) Section 3 of the National Health Service Act 2006 is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (1)—

(a) 5for the words from the beginning to “reasonable requirements”
substitute “A clinical commissioning group must arrange for the
provision of the following to such extent as it considers necessary to
meet the reasonable requirements of the persons for whom it has
responsibility”, and

(b) 10in each of paragraphs (d) and (e) for the words “as he considers”
substitute “as the group considers”.

(3) After that subsection insert—

(1A) For the purposes of this section, a clinical commissioning group has
responsibility for—

(a) 15persons who are provided with primary medical services by a
member of the group, and

(b) persons who usually reside in the group’s area and are not
provided with primary medical services by a member of any
clinical commissioning group.

(1B) 20Regulations may provide that for the purposes of this section a clinical
commissioning group also has responsibility (whether generally or in
relation to a prescribed service or facility) for persons who—

(a) were provided with primary medical services by a person who
is or was a member of the group, or

(b) 25have a prescribed connection with the group’s area.

(1C) The power conferred by subsection (1B)(b) must be exercised so as to
provide that, in relation to the provision of services or facilities for
emergency care, a clinical commissioning group has responsibility for
every person present in its area.

(1D) 30Regulations may provide that subsection (1A) does not apply—

(a) in relation to persons of a prescribed description (which may
include a description framed by reference to the primary
medical services with which the persons are provided);

(b) in prescribed circumstances.

(1E) 35The duty in subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a service or
facility if the Board has a duty to arrange for its provision.

(4) Omit subsections (2) and (3).

(5) For the heading to section 3 substitute “Duties of clinical commissioning
groups as to commissioning certain health services”.

(6) 40For the cross-heading preceding section 3 substitute “Arrangements for the
provision of certain health services”.

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11 Power of clinical commissioning groups as to commissioning certain health
services

After section 3 of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

3A Power of clinical commissioning groups to commission certain health
5services

(1) Each clinical commissioning group may arrange for the provision of
such services or facilities as it considers appropriate for the purposes of
the health service that relate to securing improvement—

(a) in the physical and mental health of the persons for whom it has
10responsibility, or

(b) in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness in those
persons.

(2) A clinical commissioning group may not arrange for the provision of a
service or facility under subsection (1) if the Board has a duty to arrange
15for its provision by virtue of section 3B or 4.

(3) Subsections (1A), (1B) and (1D) of section 3 apply for the purposes of
this section as they apply for the purposes of that section.

12 Power to require Board to commission certain health services

After section 3A of the National Health Service Act 2006 insert—

3B 20Secretary of State’s power to require Board to commission services

(1) Regulations may require the Board to arrange, to such extent as it
considers necessary to meet all reasonable requirements, for the
provision as part of the health service of—

(a) dental services of a prescribed description;

(b) 25services or facilities for members of the armed forces or their
families;

(c) services or facilities for persons who are detained in a prison or
in other accommodation of a prescribed description;

(d) such other services or facilities as may be prescribed.

(2) 30A service or facility may be prescribed under subsection (1)(d) only if
the Secretary of State considers that it would be appropriate for the
Board (rather than clinical commissioning groups) to arrange for its
provision as part of the health service.

(3) In deciding whether it would be so appropriate, the Secretary of State
35must have regard to—

(a) the number of individuals who require the provision of the
service or facility;

(b) the cost of providing the service or facility;

(c) the number of persons able to provide the service or facility;

(d) 40the financial implications for clinical commissioning groups if
they were required to arrange for the provision of the service or
facility.

(4) Before deciding whether to make regulations under this section, the
Secretary of State must—

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(a) obtain advice appropriate for that purpose, and

(b) consult the Board.

(5) The reference in subsection (1)(b) to members of the armed forces is a
reference to persons who are members of—

(a) 5the regular forces within the meaning of the Armed Forces Act
2006, or

(b) the reserve forces within the meaning of that Act.

13 Secure psychiatric services

(1) Section 4 of the National Health Service Act 2006 (high security psychiatric
10services) is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (1) for the words from the beginning to “duty to provide”
substitute “The Board must arrange for the provision of”.

(3) In subsection (3)—

(a) after “may be provided” insert

(a), and 15

(b) after paragraph (a) insert , and

(b) only by a person approved by the Secretary of State for
the purposes of this subsection.

(4) After subsection (3) insert—

(3A) 20The Secretary of State may—

(a) give directions to a person who provides high security
psychiatric services about the provision by that person of those
services;

(b) give directions to the Board about the exercise of its functions in
25relation to high security psychiatric services.

14 Other services etc. provided as part of the health service

(1) In section 5 of the National Health Service Act 2006 (other services) for “about
the Secretary of State and services under this Act” substitute “about the
provision of services for the purposes of the health service in England”.

(2) 30Schedule 1 to that Act is amended as follows.

(3) In paragraph 1 (medical inspection of pupils)—

(a) for “The Secretary of State” substitute “A local authority”, and

(b) for “local authorities” substitute “the local authority”.

(4) In paragraph 2—

(a) 35in sub-paragraph (1)—

(i) for “The Secretary of State” substitute “A local authority”, and

(ii) omit “, by arrangement with any local authority,”,

(b) in sub-paragraph (2)—

(i) for “The Secretary of State” substitute “A local authority”,

(ii) 40after “educational establishment” insert “in its area”, and

(iii) for “a local authority” substitute “the local authority”, and

(c) omit sub-paragraph (3).

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(5) In paragraph 4—

(a) for “A local authority may not make an arrangement” substitute “A
local authority may not provide for any medical inspection or
treatment”, and

(b) 5for “the arrangement” substitute “the inspection or (as the case may be)
treatment”.

(6) In paragraph 5—

(a) omit sub-paragraph (1)(a) and the word “and” immediately following
it,

(b) 10in sub-paragraph (2) omit “local authority or”,

(c) for “the Secretary of State” substitute “a local authority”, and

(d) for “him” substitute “it”.

(7) In paragraph 7A (weighing and measuring of children)—

(a) for “The Secretary of State” (in each place it occurs) substitute “A local
15authority”,

(b) in sub-paragraph (1) omit “, by arrangement with any local authority,”,
and

(c) in sub-paragraph (2) —

(i) after “any school” insert “in its area”, and

(ii) 20for “a local authority” substitute “the local authority”.

(8) In paragraph 7B (regulations as to weighing and measuring of children)—

(a) in sub-paragraph (1)(b) for “by the Secretary of State” substitute “by a
local authority”, and

(b) in sub-paragraph (1)(d) for “by the Secretary of State” substitute “by a
25local authority”.

(9) After paragraph 7B insert—

Supply of blood and other human tissues

7C The Secretary of State must for the purposes of the health service
make arrangements for—

(a) 30collecting, screening, analysing, processing and supplying
blood or other tissues,

(b) preparing blood components and reagents, and

(c) facilitating tissue and organ transplantation.

(10) In paragraph 9 (provision of vehicles for disabled persons)—

(a) 35the existing text becomes sub-paragraph (1),

(b) in that sub-paragraph—

(i) for “The Secretary of State may provide” substitute “A clinical
commissioning group may make arrangements for the
provision of”, and

(ii) 40for “persons appearing to him to be persons who have a
physical impairment” substitute “persons for whom the group
has responsibility and who appear to it to have a physical
impairment”, and

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