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61I Neighbourhood areas in areas of two or more local planning
authorities

(1) The power to designate an area as a neighbourhood area under
section 61G is exercisable by two or more local planning authorities
5in England if the area falls within the areas of those authorities.

(2) Regulations may make provision in connection with—

(a) the operation of subsection (1), and

(b) the operation of other provisions relating to neighbourhood
development orders (including sections 61F to 61H) in cases
10where an area is designated as a neighbourhood area as a
result of that subsection.

(3) The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a) modifying or supplementing the application of, or
disapplying, any of the provisions mentioned in subsection
15(2)(b),

(b) applying (with or without modifications) any provision of
Part 6 of the Local Government Act 1972 (discharge of
functions) in cases where the provision would not otherwise
apply,

(c) 20requiring local planning authorities to exercise, or not to
exercise, any power conferred by any provision of that Part
(including as applied by virtue of paragraph (b)), and

(d) conferring powers or imposing duties on local planning
authorities.

61J 25Provision that may be made by neighbourhood development order

(1) A neighbourhood development order may make provision in
relation to—

(a) all land in the neighbourhood area specified in the order,

(b) any part of that land, or

(c) 30a site in that area specified in the order.

(2) A neighbourhood development order may not provide for the
granting of planning permission for any development that is
excluded development.

(3) For the meaning of “excluded development”, see section 61K.

(4) 35A neighbourhood development order may not grant planning
permission for any development in any particular case where
planning permission is already granted for that development in that
case.

(5) A neighbourhood development order may not relate to more than
40one neighbourhood area.

(6) A neighbourhood development order may make different provision
for different cases or circumstances.

61K Meaning of “excluded development”

The following development is excluded development for the
45purposes of section 61J

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(a) development that consists of a county matter within
paragraph 1(1)(a) to (h) of Schedule 1,

(b) development that consists of the carrying out of any
operation, or class of operation, prescribed under paragraph
51(j) of that Schedule (waste development) but that does not
consist of development of a prescribed description,

(c) development that falls within Annex 1 to Council Directive
85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public
and private projects on the environment (as amended from
10time to time),

(d) development that consists (whether wholly or partly) of a
nationally significant infrastructure project (within the
meaning of the Planning Act 2008),

(e) prescribed development or development of a prescribed
15description, and

(f) development in a prescribed area or an area of a prescribed
description.

61L Permission granted by neighbourhood development orders

(1) Planning permission granted by a neighbourhood development
20order may be granted—

(a) unconditionally, or

(b) subject to such conditions or limitations as are specified in the
order.

(2) The conditions that may be specified include—

(a) 25obtaining the approval of the local planning authority who
made the order but not of anyone else, and

(b) provision specifying the period within which applications
must be made to a local planning authority for the approval
of the authority of any matter specified in the order.

(3) 30Regulations may make provision entitling a parish council in
prescribed circumstances to require any application for approval
under subsection (2) of a prescribed description to be determined by
them instead of by a local planning authority.

(4) The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a) 35as to the procedure to be followed by parish councils in
deciding whether to determine applications for approvals
(including the time by which the decisions must be made),

(b) requiring parish councils in prescribed circumstances to
cease determining applications for approvals,

(c) 40conferring powers or imposing duties on local planning
authorities,

(d) treating parish councils as local planning authorities (instead
of, or in addition to, the authorities) for the purposes of the
determination of applications for approvals (subject to such
45exceptions or modifications in the application of any
enactment as may be prescribed),

(e) applying any enactment relating to principal councils within
the meaning of section 270 of the Local Government Act 1972
for those purposes (with or without modifications), and

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(f) disapplying, or modifying the application of, any enactment
relating to parish councils for those purposes.

(5) A neighbourhood development order may provide for the granting
of planning permission to be subject to the condition that the
5development begins before the end of the period specified in the
order.

(6) Regulations may make provision as to the periods that may be
specified in neighbourhood development orders under subsection
(5).

(7) 10If—

(a) planning permission granted by a neighbourhood
development order for any development is withdrawn by the
revocation of the order under section 61M, and

(b) the revocation is made after the development has begun but
15before it has been completed,

the development may, despite the withdrawal of the permission, be
completed.

(8) But an order under section 61M revoking a neighbourhood
development order may provide that subsection (7) is not to apply in
20relation to development specified in the order under that section.

61M Revocation or modification of neighbourhood development orders

(1) The Secretary of State may by order revoke a neighbourhood
development order.

(2) A local planning authority may, with the consent of the Secretary of
25State, by order revoke a neighbourhood development order that they
have made.

(3) If a neighbourhood development order is revoked, the person
revoking the order must state the reasons for the revocation.

(4) A local planning authority may at any time by order modify a
30neighbourhood development order that they have made for the
purpose of correcting errors.

(5) If the qualifying body that initiated the process for the making of that
order is still authorised at that time to act for the purposes of a
neighbourhood development order in relation to the neighbourhood
35area concerned, the power under subsection (4) is exercisable only
with that body’s consent.

(6) A modification of a neighbourhood development order is to be done
by replacing the order with a new one containing the modification.

(7) Regulations may make provision in connection with the revocation
40or modification of a neighbourhood development order.

(8) The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a) for the holding of an examination in relation to a revocation
proposed to be made by the authority,

(b) as to the payment by a local planning authority of
45remuneration and expenses of the examiner,

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(c) as to the award of costs by the examiner,

(d) as to the giving of notice and publicity in connection with a
revocation or modification,

(e) as to the information and documents relating to a revocation
5or modification that are to be made available to the public,

(f) as to the making of reasonable charges for anything provided
as a result of the regulations,

(g) as to consultation with and participation by the public in
relation to a revocation, and

(h) 10as to the making and consideration of representations about
a revocation (including the time by which representations
must be made).

61N Legal challenges in relation to neighbourhood development orders

(1) A court may entertain proceedings for questioning a decision to act
15under section 61E(4) or (8) only if—

(a) the proceedings are brought by a claim for judicial review,
and

(b) the claim form is filed before the end of the period of 6 weeks
beginning with the day on which the decision is published.

(2) 20A court may entertain proceedings for questioning a decision under
paragraph 12 of Schedule 4B (consideration by local planning
authority of recommendations made by examiner etc) only if—

(a) the proceedings are brought by a claim for judicial review,
and

(b) 25the claim form is filed before the end of the period of 6 weeks
beginning with the day on which the decision is published.

(3) A court may entertain proceedings for questioning anything relating
to a referendum under paragraph 14 or 15 of Schedule 4B only if—

(a) the proceedings are brought by a claim for judicial review,
30and

(b) the claim form is filed during the period of 6 weeks beginning
with the day on which the result of the referendum is
declared.

61O Guidance

35 Local planning authorities must have regard to any guidance issued
by the Secretary of State in the exercise of any function under any
provision relating to neighbourhood development orders (including
any function under any of sections 61F to 61H).

61P Provision as to the making of certain decisions by local planning
40authorities

(1) Regulations may make provision regulating the arrangements of a
local planning authority for the making of any prescribed decision
under any provision relating to neighbourhood development orders
(including under any of sections 61F to 61H).

(2) 45The provision made by the regulations is to have effect despite
provision made by any enactment as to the arrangements of a local
planning authority for the exercise of their functions (such as section

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101 of the Local Government Act 1972 or section 13 of the Local
Government Act 2000).

61Q Community right to build orders

Schedule 4C makes provision in relation to a particular type of
5neighbourhood development order (a community right to build
order).

3 In section 5(3) (provisions for the purposes of which the Broads Authority
are the sole district planning authority)—

(a) after “sections” insert “61E to 61Q,”, and

(b) 10at the end insert “and Schedules 4B and 4C”.

4 In Schedule 1 (local planning authorities: distribution of functions), after
paragraph 6 insert—

6A (1) This paragraph applies to the functions of local planning
authorities under any of sections 61E to 61Q and Schedules 4B and
154C (neighbourhood development orders).

(2) Those functions are to be exercised by a district planning authority
in any area of a non-metropolitan county.

Part 2 Neighbourhood development plans

5 20The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 is amended as follows.

6 In section 38 (development plan)—

(a) in subsection (2), omit the “and” at the end of paragraph (a) and at
the end of paragraph (b) insert , and

(c) the neighbourhood development plans which have
25been made in relation to that area.,

(b) in subsection (3), at the end of paragraph (b) insert , and

(c) the neighbourhood development plans which have
been made in relation to that area.,

(c) in subsection (5), for “to be adopted, approved or published (as the
30case may be)” substitute “to become part of the development plan”,
and

(d) at the end insert—

(10) Neighbourhood development plan must be construed in
accordance with section 38A.

7 35After that section insert—

38A Meaning of “neighbourhood development plan”

(1) Any qualifying body is entitled to initiate a process for the purpose
of requiring a local planning authority in England to make a
neighbourhood development plan.

(2) 40A “neighbourhood development plan” is a plan which sets out
policies (however expressed) in relation to the development and use
of land in the whole or any part of a particular neighbourhood area
specified in the plan.

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(3) Schedule 4B to the principal Act, which makes provision about the
process for the making of neighbourhood development orders,
including—

(a) provision for independent examination of orders proposed
5by qualifying bodies, and

(b) provision for the holding of referendums on orders proposed
by those bodies,

is to apply in relation to neighbourhood development plans (subject
to the modifications set out in section 38C(5) of this Act).

(4) 10A local planning authority to whom a proposal for the making of a
neighbourhood development plan has been made—

(a) must make a neighbourhood development plan to which the
proposal relates if in each applicable referendum under that
Schedule (as so applied) more than half of those voting have
15voted in favour of the plan, and

(b) if paragraph (a) applies, must make the plan as soon as
reasonably practicable after the referendum is held.

(5) If—

(a) there are two applicable referendums under that Schedule as
20so applied (because the plan relates to a neighbourhood area
designated as a business area under section 61H of the
principal Act), and

(b) in one of those referendums (but not the other) more than half
of those voting have voted in favour of the plan,

25the authority may (but need not) make a neighbourhood
development plan to which the proposal relates.

(6) The authority are not to be subject to the duty under subsection (4)(a)
if they consider that the making of the plan would breach, or would
otherwise be incompatible with, any EU obligation or any of the
30Convention rights (within the meaning of the Human Rights Act
1998).

(7) Regulations made by the Secretary of State may make provision as to
the procedure to be followed by local planning authorities in cases
where they act under subsection (6).

(8) 35The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a) for the holding of an examination,

(b) as to the payment by a local planning authority of
remuneration and expenses of the examiner,

(c) as to the award of costs by the examiner,

(d) 40as to the giving of notice and publicity,

(e) as to the information and documents that are to be made
available to the public,

(f) as to the making of reasonable charges for anything provided
as a result of the regulations,

(g) 45as to consultation with and participation by the public, and

(h) as to the making and consideration of representations
(including the time by which representations must be made).

(9) The authority must publish in such manner as may be prescribed—

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(a) their decision to act under subsection (4) or (6),

(b) their reasons for making that decision, and

(c) such other matters relating to that decision as may be
prescribed.

(10) 5The authority must send a copy of the matters required to be
published to—

(a) the qualifying body that initiated the process for the making
of the plan, and

(b) such other persons as may be prescribed.

(11) 10If a neighbourhood development plan is in force in relation to a
neighbourhood area—

(a) a qualifying body may make a proposal for the existing plan
to be replaced by a new one, and

(b) the process for the making of the replacement plan is the
15same as the process for the making of the existing plan.

(12) For the purposes of this section—

38B Provision that may be made by neighbourhood development plans

(1) 30A neighbourhood development plan—

(a) must specify the period for which it is to have effect,

(b) may not include provision about development that is
excluded development, and

(c) may not relate to more than one neighbourhood area.

(2) 35Only one neighbourhood development plan may be made for each
neighbourhood area.

(3) If to any extent a policy set out in a neighbourhood development
plan conflicts with any other statement or information in the plan,
the conflict must be resolved in favour of the policy.

(4) 40Regulations made by the Secretary of State may make provision—

(a) restricting the provision that may be included in
neighbourhood development plans about the use of land,

(b) requiring neighbourhood development plans to include such
matters as are prescribed in the regulations, and

(c) 45prescribing the form of neighbourhood development plans.

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(5) A local planning authority must publish each neighbourhood
development plan that they make in such manner as may be
prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(6) Section 61K of the principal Act (meaning of “excluded
5development”) is to apply for the purposes of subsection (1)(b).

38C Supplementary provisions

(1) The following provisions of the principal Act are to apply in relation
to neighbourhood development plans.

(2) The provisions to be applied are—

(a) 10section 61F (authorisation to act in relation to neighbourhood
areas),

(b) section 61I(2) and (3) (neighbourhood areas in areas of two or
more local planning authorities),

(c) section 61M (revocation or modification of neighbourhood
15development orders),

(d) section 61N (legal challenges),

(e) section 61O (guidance), and

(f) section 61P (provision as to the making of certain decisions
by local planning authorities).

(3) 20Section 61M of the principal Act is to apply in accordance with
subsection (2) of this section as if the words “by order” (wherever
occurring) were omitted.

(4) Section 61N(1) of the principal Act is to apply in accordance with
subsection (2) of this section as if the reference to section 61E(4) or (8)
25of that Act were a reference to section 38A(4) or (6) of this Act.

(5) Schedule 4B to the principal Act is to apply in accordance with
38A(3) of this Act with the following modifications—

(a) the reference to section 61E(8) of the principal Act is to be
read as a reference to section 38A(6) of this Act,

(b) 30references to the provision made by or under sections 61E(2), 61J and 61L of the principal Act are to be read as references to
the provision made by or under sections 38A and 38B of this
Act,

(c) references to section 61L(2)(b) or (5) of the principal Act are
to be disregarded, and

(d) 35paragraph 8 is to have effect as if sub-paragraphs (2)(b) and
(c) and (3) to (5) were omitted.

(6) Regulations under section 61G(11) of the principal Act (designation
of areas as neighbourhood areas) may include provision about the
consequences of the modification of designations on proposals for
40neighbourhood development plans, or on neighbourhood
development plans, that have already been made.

(7) The fact that the list of applied provisions includes section 61N(2)
and (3) of the principal Act is not to affect the operation of section
20(2) of the Interpretation Act 1978 in relation to other references to
45enactments applied in accordance with this section.

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Section 116

SCHEDULE 10 Process for making of neighbourhood development orders

This is the Schedule to be inserted as Schedule 4B to the Town and Country
Planning Act 1990—

Section 61E

Schedule 4B 5Process for making of neighbourhood development orders

Proposals for neighbourhood development orders

1 (1) A qualifying body is entitled to submit a proposal to a local
planning authority for the making of a neighbourhood
development order by the authority in relation to a
10neighbourhood area within the area of the authority.

(2) The proposal must be accompanied by—

(a) a draft of the order, and

(b) a statement which contains a summary of the proposals
and sets out the reasons why an order should be made in
15the proposed terms.

(3) The proposal must—

(a) be made in the prescribed form, and

(b) be accompanied by other documents and information of a
prescribed description.

(4) 20The qualifying body must send to prescribed persons a copy of—

(a) the proposal,

(b) the draft neighbourhood development order, and

(c) such of the other documents and information
accompanying the proposal as may be prescribed.

(5) 25The Secretary of State may publish a document setting standards
for—

(a) the preparation of a draft neighbourhood development
order and other documents accompanying the proposal,

(b) the coverage in any document accompanying the proposal
30of a matter falling to be dealt with in it, and

(c) all or any of the collection, sources, verification, processing
and presentation of information accompanying the
proposal.

(6) The documents and information accompanying the proposal
35(including the draft neighbourhood development order) must
comply with those standards.

2 (1) A qualifying body may withdraw a proposal at any time before
the local planning authority make a decision under paragraph 12.

(2) If—

(a) 40a proposal by a qualifying body is made by an organisation
or body designated as a neighbourhood forum, and

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(b) the designation is withdrawn at any time before the
proposal is submitted for independent examination under
paragraph 7,

the proposal is to be treated as withdrawn by the qualifying body
5at that time.

(3) If the withdrawal of the designation occurs after the proposal is
submitted for independent examination under that paragraph, the
withdrawal is not to affect the validity of the proposal.

Advice and assistance in connection with proposals

3 (1) 10A local planning authority must give such advice or assistance to
qualifying bodies as, in all the circumstances, they consider
appropriate for the purpose of, or in connection with, facilitating
the making of proposals for neighbourhood development orders
in relation to neighbourhood areas within their area.

(2) 15Nothing in this paragraph is to be read as requiring the giving of
financial assistance.

Requirements to be complied with before proposals made or considered

4 (1) Regulations may make provision as to requirements that must be
complied with before proposals for a neighbourhood
20development order may be submitted to a local planning
authority or fall to be considered by a local planning authority.

(2) The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a) as to the giving of notice and publicity,

(b) as to the information and documents that are to be made
25available to the public,

(c) as to the making of reasonable charges for anything
provided as a result of the regulations,

(d) as to consultation with and participation by the public,

(e) as to the making and consideration of representations
30(including the time by which they must be made),

(f) requiring prescribed steps to be taken before a proposal of
a prescribed description falls to be considered by a local
planning authority, and

(g) conferring powers or imposing duties on local planning
35authorities, the Secretary of State or other public
authorities.

(3) The power to make regulations under this paragraph must be
exercised to secure that—

(a) prescribed requirements as to consultation with and
40participation by the public must be complied with before a
proposal for a neighbourhood development order may be
submitted to a local planning authority, and

(b) a statement containing the following information in
relation to that consultation and participation must
45accompany the proposal submitted to the authority—

(i) details of those consulted,

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