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A

BILL

[AS AMENDED IN COMMITTEE]

TO

Establish, and make provision about, the National Crime Agency; to abolish
the Serious Organised Crime Agency and the National Policing Improvement
Agency; to make provision about the judiciary and the structure,
administration, proceedings and powers of courts and tribunals; to make
provision about deferred prosecution agreements; to make provision about
border control; to make provision about drugs and driving; and for connected
purposes.

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part 1 The National Crime Agency

The NCA and its officers

1 The National Crime Agency

(1) 5A National Crime Agency, consisting of the NCA officers, is to be formed.

(2) The NCA is to be under the direction and control of one of the NCA officers,
who is to be known as the Director General of the National Crime Agency.

(3) The NCA is to have—

(a) the functions conferred by this section;

(b) 10the functions conferred by the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002; and

(c) the other functions conferred by this Act and by other enactments.

(4) The NCA is to have the function (the “crime-reduction function”) of securing
that efficient and effective activities to combat organised crime and serious

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crime are carried out (whether by the NCA, other law enforcement agencies, or
other persons).

(5) The NCA is to have the function (the “criminal intelligence function”) of
gathering, storing, processing, analysing, and disseminating information that
5is relevant to any of the following—

(a) activities to combat organised crime or serious crime;

(b) activities to combat any other kind of crime;

(c) exploitation proceeds investigations (within the meaning of section
341(5) of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002), exploitation proceeds orders
10(within the meaning of Part 7 of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009), and
applications for such orders.

(6) The NCA must discharge the crime-reduction function in the following ways
(in particular).

(7) The first way is by the NCA itself—

(a) 15preventing and detecting organised crime and serious crime,

(b) investigating offences relating to organised crime or serious crime, and

(c) otherwise carrying out activities to combat organised crime and serious
crime, including by instituting criminal proceedings in England and
Wales and Northern Ireland.

(8) 20The second way is by the NCA securing that activities to combat organised
crime or serious crime are carried out by persons other than the NCA.

(9) The third way is by the NCA securing improvements—

(a) in co-operation between persons who carry out activities to combat
organised crime or serious crime, and

(b) 25in co-ordination of activities to combat organised crime or serious
crime.

(10) The crime-reduction function does not include—

(a) the function of the NCA itself prosecuting offences; or

(b) the function of the NCA itself instituting criminal proceedings in
30Scotland.

(11) In this Part, a reference to activities to combat crime (or a particular kind of
crime, such as organised crime or serious crime) is a reference to—

(a) the prevention and detection of crime (or that kind of crime),

(b) the investigation and prosecution of offences (or offences relating to
35that kind of crime),

(c) the reduction of crime (or that kind of crime) in other ways, and

(d) the mitigation of the consequences of crime (or that kind of crime);

and references to the carrying out of activities to combat crime (or a particular
kind of crime) are to be construed accordingly.

(12) 40Schedule 1 (the NCA & NCA officers) has effect.

2 Modification of NCA functions

(1) The Secretary of State may, by order, make—

(a) provision about NCA counter-terrorism functions (and, in particular,
may make provision conferring, removing, or otherwise modifying
45such functions); and

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(b) other provision which the Secretary of State considers necessary in
consequence of provision made under paragraph (a) (and, in particular,
may make provision about the functions of any person other than the
NCA, including provision conferring or otherwise modifying, but not
5removing, such functions).

(2) If an order under this section confers an NCA counter-terrorism function, an
NCA officer may only carry out activities in Northern Ireland for the purpose
of the discharge of the function if the NCA officer does so with the agreement
of the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

(3) 10That includes cases where an order under this section confers an NCA counter-
terrorism function by the modification of a function.

(4) An order under this section may amend or otherwise modify this Act or any
other enactment.

(5) An order under this section is subject to the super-affirmative procedure (see
15section 30 and Schedule 18).

(6) In this section “NCA counter-terrorism function” means an NCA function
relating to terrorism (and for this purpose “terrorism” has the same meaning
as in the Terrorism Act 2000 — see section 1 of that Act).

3 Strategic priorities

(1) 20The Secretary of the State may determine strategic priorities for the NCA.

(2) In determining strategic priorities for the NCA (including deciding whether
there should be such priorities), the Secretary of State must consult—

(a) the strategic partners,

(b) the Director General, and

(c) 25any other persons whom the Secretary of State considers it is
appropriate to consult.

4 Operations

(1) The Director General has (by virtue of the function of direction and control of
the NCA) the power to decide—

(a) 30which particular operations are to be mounted by NCA officers, and

(b) how such operations are to be conducted.

(2) In exercising functions, the Director General must have regard to—

(a) any strategic priorities for the NCA (see section 3);

(b) the annual plan (see below); and

(c) 35the framework document (see Part 1 of Schedule 2).

(3) Before the beginning of each financial year, the Director General must issue a
document (the “annual plan”) setting out how the Director General intends
that NCA functions are to be exercised during that year (including how they
are to be exercised in Scotland and Northern Ireland).

(4) 40The annual plan for a financial year must include—

(a) a statement of any strategic priorities for the NCA,

(b) a statement of the operational priorities for the NCA, and

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(c) in relation to each of the strategic and operational priorities, an
explanation of how the Director General intends that the priority will
be given effect to.

(5) The Director General must determine operational priorities for the NCA; and
5those priorities may relate—

(a) to matters to which current strategic priorities also relate, or

(b) to other matters;

but operational priorities must, in any event, be framed so as to be consistent
with the current strategic priorities.

(6) 10In preparing any annual plan, the Director General must consult—

(a) the strategic partners, and

(b) any other persons whom the Director General considers it is
appropriate to consult.

(7) The Director General is required by subsection (6)(a)

(a) 15to consult the Scottish Ministers about the annual plan only as it relates
to activities in Scotland; and

(b) to consult the Department of Justice in Northern Ireland about the
annual plan only as it relates to activities in Northern Ireland.

(8) Before issuing any annual plan, the Director General must obtain—

(a) 20the consent of the Secretary of State to the plan,

(b) the consent of the Scottish Ministers to the plan as it relates to activities
in Scotland, and

(c) the consent of the Department of Justice in Northern Ireland as it relates
to activities in Northern Ireland.

(9) 25The Director General must arrange for each annual plan to be published in the
manner which the Director General considers appropriate.

(10) Schedule 2 (the framework document & annual report) has effect.

Other functions etc.

5 Relationships between NCA and other agencies: tasking etc

(1) 30Any of the following persons may perform a task if the Director General
requests the person to perform it—

(a) the chief officer of a UK police force;

(b) a UK law enforcement agency.

(2) A request under subsection (1)

(a) 35may be made only if the Director General considers that performance
of the task would assist the NCA to exercise functions;

(b) must explain how performance of the requested task would so assist
the exercise of functions.

(3) The Director General may perform a task if any of the following persons
40requests the Director General to perform it—

(a) the chief officer of a UK police force;

(b) a UK law enforcement agency.

(4) A request under subsection (3)

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(a) may be made only if the person making it considers that performance
of the task would assist that person — or, in a case where that person is
the chief officer of a police force, would assist that person or police force
— to exercise functions;

(b) 5must explain how performance of the requested task would so assist
the exercise of functions.

(5) The Director General may direct any of the following persons to perform a task
specified in the direction—

(a) the chief officer of an England and Wales police force;

(b) 10the Chief Constable of the British Transport Police.

(6) The Director General may give a direction under subsection (5) only if the
Director General considers that—

(a) performance of the task would assist the NCA to exercise functions;

(b) it is expedient for the directed person to perform that task; and

(c) 15satisfactory arrangements cannot be made, or cannot be made in time,
under subsection (1).

(7) A person given a direction under this section must comply with it.

(8) If a person is requested or directed under this section to perform a task, the
person may comply with that request or direction by securing that the task is
20performed by another person.

(9) The Director General may give a direction under this section to the Chief
Constable of the British Transport Police only if the Secretary of State consents.

(10) Schedule 3 (relationships between NCA and other agencies) has effect.

(11) This section has effect subject to Part 5 (payment for tasks etc) of Schedule 3.

(12) 25Paragraph 30 of Schedule 3 gives the Secretary of State power to amend this
section.

6 Duty to publish information

(1) The Director General must—

(a) make arrangements for publishing information about the exercise of
30NCA functions and other matters relating to the NCA, and

(b) publish information in accordance with those arrangements.

(2) The framework document may impose on the Director General requirements
in relation to performance of the duties imposed by subsection (1) (including
requirements about what information is not to be published).

(3) 35The Director General must comply with any such requirements in the
framework document (and accordingly the duty in section 4(2)(c) to have
regard to that document does not apply in relation to such requirements).

(4) This section is subject to Schedule 7 (information: restrictions on disclosure).

7 Information gateways

(1) 40A person may disclose information to the NCA if the disclosure is made for the
purposes of the exercise of any NCA function.

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(2) Subsection (1) does not authorise any of the following to disclose information
to the NCA

(a) a person serving in the Security Service;

(b) a person serving in the Secret Intelligence Service;

(c) 5a person serving in GCHQ;

but this does not affect the disclosures which such a person may make to the
NCA in accordance with intelligence service disclosure arrangements.

(3) Information obtained by the NCA in connection with the exercise of any NCA
functions may be used by the NCA in connection with the exercise of any other
10NCA function.

(4) An NCA officer may disclose information obtained by the NCA in connection
with the exercise of any NCA function if the disclosure is for any permitted
purpose.

(5) Subsection (4) authorises an NCA officer to disclose information for the
15purpose of the exercise of—

(a) the functions of the Lord Advocate under Part 3 of the Proceeds of
Crime Act 2002 (“PCA 2002”), or

(b) the functions of the Scottish Ministers under, or in relation to, Part 5 of
PCA 2002,

20only where the information has been obtained by the NCA in connection with
the exercise of a function under PCA 2002 (other than a function under Part 6
of that Act).

(6) Where information has been obtained by the NCA in connection with the
exercise of a function under Part 6 of PCA 2002 (revenue functions), subsection
25(4) does not authorise an NCA officer to disclose the information.

(7) But an NCA officer may disclose the information if the disclosure is—

(a) to the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs,

(b) to the Lord Advocate for the purposes of the exercise by the Lord
Advocate of the Lord Advocate’s functions under Part 3 of PCA 2002
30(confiscation: Scotland),

(c) to any person for purposes relating to civil proceedings (whether or not
in the United Kingdom) which relate to a matter in respect of which the
NCA has functions, or

(d) to any person for the purposes of compliance with an order of a court
35or tribunal (whether or not in the United Kingdom).

(8) A disclosure of information which is authorised or required by this Part does
not breach—

(a) an obligation of confidence owed by the person making the disclosure,
or

(b) 40any other restriction on the disclosure of information (however
imposed).

(9) This section is subject to Schedule 7 (information: restrictions on disclosure).

(10) In this section—

8 10Other functions etc

(1) In section 11 of the Children Act 2004 (arrangements to safeguard and promote
welfare of children: England), in subsection (1), after paragraph (i) insert—

(ia) the National Crime Agency;.

(2) In section 28 of the Children Act 2004 (arrangements to safeguard and promote
15welfare of children: Wales), in subsection (1), after paragraph (e) insert—

(ea) the National Crime Agency;.

(3) The Director General may provide assistance to—

(a) a government in a country or territory outside the British Islands, or

(b) another overseas body exercising functions of a public nature in a
20country or territory outside the British Islands,

if the government, or the body, requests assistance to be provided.

(4) If such a request is made, the Director General may provide such assistance as
the Director General considers appropriate in all the circumstances.

(5) Subsection (3) does not apply to any request for assistance which could be
25made under section 13 of the Crime (International Co-operation) Act 2003,
unless the NCA has functions under that section in relation to the request by
virtue of an order under section 27(2) of that Act.

(6) Schedule 4 (NCA: general) has effect.

9 Director General: customs powers of Commissioners & operational powers

(1) 30The Director General has, in relation to any customs matter, the same powers
as the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs would have.

(2) The Secretary of State may designate the Director General as a person having
one or more of the following—

(a) the powers and privileges of a constable;

(b) 35the powers of an officer of Revenue and Customs;

(c) the powers of an immigration officer.

(3) The Secretary of State may modify or withdraw a designation of the Director
General by giving notice of the modification or withdrawal to the Director
General.

(4) 40Schedule 5 (police, customs and immigration powers) has effect.

(5) If, in accordance with paragraph 4 of Schedule 5, recommendations are made
to the Secretary of State as to the operational powers which the Director
General should have, the Secretary of State must exercise the powers of

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designation to give effect to those recommendations (unless the
recommendations are already given effect to by a previous exercise of the
powers of designation).

(6) The Secretary of State may not exercise the powers of designation unless—

(a) 5required to do so by subsection (5); or

(b) required or otherwise authorised to do so by regulations under
paragraph 5 of Schedule 5.

(7) In this section “powers of designation” means the powers conferred by
subsections (2) and (3).

(8) 10In this Part—

10 Operational powers of other NCA officers

(1) The Director General may designate any other NCA officer as a person having
one or more of the following—

(a) the powers and privileges of a constable;

(b) 25the powers of an officer of Revenue and Customs;

(c) the powers of an immigration officer.

(2) The Director General may not designate an NCA officer under this section as
having particular operational powers unless the Director General is satisfied
that the officer—

(a) 30is capable of effectively exercising those powers;

(b) has received adequate training in respect of the exercise of those
powers; and

(c) is otherwise a suitable person to exercise those powers.

(3) The Director General may modify or withdraw a designation of an NCA officer
35by giving notice of the modification or withdrawal to the officer.

(4) For further provision about designations under this section, see Schedule 5.

General

11 Inspections and complaints

(1) Her Majesty’s Inspectors of Constabulary (“HMIC”) must carry out
40inspections of the NCA.

(2) HMIC must also carry out an inspection of the NCA if requested to do so by
the Secretary of State either—

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(a) generally, or

(b) in respect of a particular matter.

(3) Following an inspection under this section, HMIC must report to the Secretary
of State on the efficiency and effectiveness of the NCA either—

(a) 5generally, or

(b) in the case of an inspection under subsection (2)(b), in respect of the
matter to which the inspection related.

(4) HMIC must carry out such other duties for the purpose of furthering the
efficiency and effectiveness of the NCA as the Secretary of State may from time
10to time direct.

(5) Paragraphs 2 and 5 of Schedule 4A to the Police Act 1996 (inspection
programmes and inspection frameworks) apply to functions of inspection and
reporting under this section as they apply to other such functions.

(6) In the Police Reform Act 2002, after section 26B insert—

26C 15The National Crime Agency

(1) The Secretary of State must make regulations conferring functions on
the Independent Police Complaints Commission in relation to the
exercise of functions by the Director General and other National Crime
Agency officers.

(2) 20Regulations under this section may, in particular—

(a) apply (with or without modifications), or make provision
similar to, any provision of or made under this Part of this Act;

(b) make provision for payment by the National Crime Agency to,
or in respect of, the Independent Police Complaints
25Commission.

(3) Regulations under this section must relate only to the exercise of
functions in, or in relation to, England and Wales.

(4) The Independent Police Complaints Commission and the
Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration may jointly
30investigate a matter in relation to which—

(a) the Independent Police Complaints Commission has functions
by virtue of this section, and

(b) the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration has
functions by virtue of the Parliamentary Commissioner Act
351967.

(5) A National Crime Agency officer may disclose information to the
Independent Police Complaints Commission, or to a person acting on
the Commission’s behalf, for the purposes of the exercise by the
Commission, or by any person acting on the Commission’s behalf, of an
40NCA complaints function.

(6) The Independent Police Complaints Commissioner and the
Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration may disclose
information to each other for the purposes of the exercise of a
function—

(a) 45by virtue of this section, or

(b) under the Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967.

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