Crime and Courts Bill (HL Bill 49)

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Payments by law enforcement agencies

28 A UK law enforcement agency must pay the appropriate amount to the
Director General if—

(a) the Director General performs a task in response to a request by that
5agency under section 5; or

(b) the Director General provides that agency with assistance—

(i) in response to a request under Part 3 of this Schedule, or

(ii) in accordance with a direction under Part 3 of this Schedule.

The “appropriate amount”

29 (1) 10In any provision of this Part of this Schedule which requires one person (“R”)
to pay the appropriate amount to another person (“P”), “appropriate
amount” means—

(a) such amount as may be agreed between R and P, or

(b) in the absence of agreement, such amount as may be determined by
15the Secretary of State.

(2) The Secretary of State must consult the Scottish Ministers before
determining the appropriate amount if R or P is a Scottish body.

(3) The Secretary of State must consult the Department of Justice in Northern
Ireland before determining the appropriate amount if R or P is a Northern
20Ireland body.

(4) In this paragraph—

  • “Northern Ireland body” means—

    (a)

    the Police Service of Northern Ireland,

    (b)

    a Northern Ireland department, and

    (c)

    25any other person operating in Northern Ireland, and not
    operating in any other part of the United Kingdom, charged
    with the duty of investigating or prosecuting offences;

  • “Scottish body” means—

    (a)

    the Scottish Police Authority,

    (b)

    30the Scottish Administration, and

    (c)

    any other person operating in Scotland, and not operating in
    any other part of the United Kingdom, charged with the duty
    of investigating or prosecuting offences.

Part 6 35General

Directed tasking or assistance: power to amend those who may be directed

30 (1) The Secretary of State may, by order, amend section 5 or paragraph 8 of this
Schedule by making any of the following kinds of provision—

(a) provision adding a person or category of persons to the relevant list;

(b) 40provision imposing on the Director General a requirement to obtain
the consent of one or more persons before giving a direction to—

(i) a person added to the relevant list by virtue of sub-paragraph
(a), or

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(ii) a person within a category of persons so added;

(c) provision removing from the relevant list a person or category of
persons added by virtue of sub-paragraph (a);

(d) provision removing a requirement for consent imposed by virtue of
5sub-paragraph (b).

(2) But the Secretary of State may not add any of the following to the relevant
list—

(a) the Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs;

(b) the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Scotland;

(c) 10any person operating only in Scotland;

(d) the Chief Constable of the Police Service of Northern Ireland;

(e) any person operating only in Northern Ireland.

(3) Before making an order under this paragraph which adds a person or
category of persons to the relevant list, the Secretary of State must consult
15that person or the persons within that category.

(4) In this paragraph “relevant list” means—

(a) in relation to section 5, the list of persons in subsection (5) to whom
the Director General may give directions, or

(b) in relation to paragraph 8 of this Schedule, the list of persons in sub-
20paragraph (1) to whom the Director General may give directions.

Directions

31 (1) A person given a direction under this Schedule must comply with it.

(2) A direction under this Schedule may not relate to the prosecution functions
of any person.

25Interpretation

32 In this Schedule—

  • “fundholding body” means—

    (a)

    the policing body (in relation to any UK police force other
    than the Police Service of Northern Ireland);

    (b)

    30the Police Service of Northern Ireland (in relation to that
    Police Service);

  • “specified”, in relation to a direction under any provision of this
    Schedule, means specified in the direction.

Section 8

SCHEDULE 4 35NCA: general

Regulations as to equipment

1 (1) The Secretary of State may make regulations requiring equipment used by
the NCA to satisfy such requirements as to design and performance as may
be prescribed by the regulations.

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(2) The Secretary of State may, by regulations, make any of the following kinds
of provision—

(a) provision requiring the NCA, when using equipment for the
purposes specified in the regulations, to use only—

(i) 5the equipment which is specified in the regulations,

(ii) equipment which is of a description so specified, or

(iii) equipment which is of a type approved by the Secretary of
State in accordance with the regulations;

(b) provision prohibiting the NCA from using equipment of a type
10approved as mentioned in sub-paragraph (a)(iii) except—

(i) where the conditions subject to which the approval was
given are satisfied, and

(ii) in accordance with the other terms of that approval;

(c) provision requiring equipment used by the NCA to comply with
15such conditions as may be specified in the regulations, or as may be
approved by the Secretary of State in accordance with the
regulations;

(d) provision prohibiting the NCA from using equipment specified in
the regulations, or any equipment of a description so specified.

(3) 20Before making regulations under this section, the Secretary of State must
consult—

(a) the Director General, and

(b) such other persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(4) In this paragraph “equipment” includes—

(a) 25vehicles, and

(b) headgear and protective and other clothing.

Liability of NCA for unlawful acts

2 (1) In any of the following cases, the NCA is liable in respect of unlawful
conduct of a person in the same manner as an employer is liable in respect
30of unlawful conduct of employees in the course of their employment.

(2) The first case is where the unlawful conduct is conduct of a constable or
other person which occurs when the person is carrying out, or purporting to
carry out, functions whilst—

(a) seconded to the NCA to serve as an NCA officer, or

(b) 35provided for the assistance of the NCA under Part 3 of Schedule 3.

(3) The second case is where the unlawful conduct is conduct of a person (other
than an NCA officer) who is a member of an NCA-led international joint
investigation team which occurs when the person is carrying out, or
purporting to carry out, functions as a member of the team.

(4) 40The third case is where the unlawful conduct is conduct of a person carrying
out surveillance under section 76A of the Regulation of Investigatory
Powers Act 2000 (foreign surveillance operations).

(5) If (in any of those cases) the unlawful conduct is a tort, the NCA is
accordingly to be treated as a joint tortfeasor.

(6) 45If—

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(a) the NCA pays a sum by virtue of this paragraph, and

(b) the Secretary of State receives under any international agreement a
sum by way of reimbursement (in whole or in part) of the sum paid
by the NCA,

5the Secretary of State must pay to the NCA the sum received by way of
reimbursement.

(7) This paragraph does not affect the liability of the NCA for the conduct of
NCA officers.

(8) References in this paragraph to unlawful conduct by a person include
10references to unlawful conduct by a person in reliance, or purported
reliance, on a designation under section 9 or 10.

Assaults or obstruction in connection with joint investigation teams

3 (1) A person commits an offence if the person assaults a member of an NCA-led
international joint investigation team who is carrying out functions as a
15member of the team.

(2) A person guilty of that offence is liable on summary conviction to either or
both of the following—

(a) imprisonment for a term not exceeding—

(i) 51 weeks months on conviction in England and Wales;

(ii) 2012 months on conviction in Scotland;

(iii) 6 months on conviction in Northern Ireland;

(b) a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3) A person commits an offence if the person resists or wilfully obstructs a
member of an NCA-led international joint investigation team who is
25carrying out functions as a member of that team.

(4) A person guilty of that offence is liable on summary conviction to either or
both of the following—

(a) imprisonment for a term not exceeding—

(i) 51 weeks on conviction in England and Wales;

(ii) 3012 months on conviction in Scotland;

(iii) 1 month on conviction in Northern Ireland;

(b) a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(5) In relation to an offence committed before the commencement of section
281(5) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (alteration of penalties for summary
35offences)—

(a) the reference in sub-paragraph (2)(a) to the period of 51 weeks is to
be read as a reference to the period of 6 months; and

(b) the reference in sub-paragraph (4)(a) to the period of 51 weeks is to
be read as a reference to the period of 1 month.

40Application of discrimination legislation to secondees: Northern Ireland

4 (1) An NCA secondee is to be treated, for the purposes of the provisions listed
in sub-paragraph (2), as being employed by the NCA as respects any act
done by the NCA in relation to that person.

(2) Those provisions are—

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(a) Part 2 of the Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976;

(b) Part 2 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995;

(c) Part 2 of the Race Relations (Northern Ireland) Order 1997;

(d) the Fair Employment and Treatment (Northern Ireland) Order 1998,
5except Part VII.

(3) For the purposes of the provisions listed in sub-paragraph (4)

(a) an NCA secondee is to be treated as being employed by the NCA
(and as not being employed by any other person); and

(b) anything done by an NCA secondee in the performance, or
10purported performance, of his functions as an NCA secondee is to be
treated as done in the course of that employment.

(4) Those provisions are—

(a) Article 42 of the Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976;

(b) section 58 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995;

(c) 15Article 32 of the Race Relations (Northern Ireland) Order 1997;

(d) Article 36 of the Fair Employment and Treatment (Northern Ireland)
Order 1998.

(5) In this paragraph “NCA secondee” means any constable or other person
who has been seconded to the NCA to serve as an NCA officer.

20Interpretation

5 (1) In this Schedule “NCA-led international joint investigation team” means any
investigation team which is formed under the leadership of an NCA officer
and is formed in accordance with—

(a) any framework decision on joint investigation teams adopted under
25Article 87 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union;

(b) the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between
the Member States of the European Union and the Protocol to that
Convention established in accordance with that Article of the Treaty;
or

(c) 30any international agreement to which the United Kingdom is a party
and which is specified in an order made by the Secretary of State.

(2) A reference in this paragraph to Article 87 of the Treaty on the Functioning
of the European Union includes a reference to Article 34 of the Treaty on
European Union (as it had effect before 1 December 2009).

Section 9

35SCHEDULE 5 Police, customs and immigration powers

Part 1 Director General: Commissioners’ powers exercisable under section 9(1)

Powers only exercisable in relation to customs matters

1 40If a power of the Commissioners is exercisable both—

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(a) in relation to a customs matter, and

(b) in relation to any other matter,

the power is exercisable by the Director General under section 9(1) only in
relation to the customs matter.

5Powers exercisable under warrant

2 (1) This paragraph applies to an enactment if it provides for the issuing of
warrants which authorise the Commissioners to exercise any power in
relation to a customs matter.

(2) For the purpose of enabling the Director General to exercise that power in
10relation to a customs matter, the enactment has effect as if the Director
General were one of the Commissioners.

Certain powers of Commissioners not exercisable by Director General

3 The following powers of the Commissioners are not exercisable by the
Director General under section 9(1)

(a) 15the powers under paragraph 2(1) of Schedule 7 to consent to a
disclosure of HMRC information by an NCA officer;

(b) the power under paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 7 to consent to a further
disclosure of HMRC information by any person.

Part 2 20Director General: designation under section 9

Advisory panel

4 (1) The Secretary of State must appoint an advisory panel (to enable
recommendations to be made as to the operational powers which the
Director General should have)—

(a) 25whenever there is an appointment of a Director General; and

(b) at any other time when the Secretary of State considers that it is
appropriate to do so.

(2) But that duty is subject to regulations under paragraph 5.

(3) An advisory panel is to consist of—

(a) 30a person to chair the panel, who must not be a civil servant; and

(b) an appropriate number of other members (the “expert members”)
who, when taken together, have appropriate knowledge of the
following matters—

(i) the training of constables in England and Wales police forces;

(ii) 35the training of officers of Revenue and Customs and general
customs officials to exercise powers in relation to customs
matters;

(iii) the training of immigration officers;

(iv) the training of NCA officers.

(4) 40The expert members of the advisory panel must—

(a) consider the question of the adequacy of the Director General’s
training, and

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(b) give the panel’s chair such information in respect of their
consideration of that question as the chair may require.

(5) The panel’s chair must then—

(a) consider the information given by the expert members,

(b) 5decide the question of the adequacy of the Director General’s
training, and

(c) produce a report containing recommendations as to the operational
powers which the Director General should have.

(6) The report must not recommend that the Director General should have a
10particular operational power unless the panel’s chair has decided that the
Director General has received adequate training in respect of that power.

(7) That process for producing a report is to be conducted in accordance with
the terms of appointment of the advisory panel (which may include terms
about the particular operational powers in respect of which the question of
15the adequacy of the Director General’s training is to be considered).

(8) A reference in this paragraph to the question of the adequacy of the Director
General’s training is a reference to—

(a) which operational powers the Director General has received
adequate training in respect of, and

(b) 20which operational powers the Director General has not received
adequate training in respect of.

(9) In this paragraph—

  • “adequate training”, in relation to a particular operational power,
    means training that is adequate to enable that power to be properly
    25exercised;

  • “appropriate” means appropriate in the Secretary of State’s view;

  • “report” means a report for the purposes of section 9 containing
    recommendations as to the operational powers which the Director
    General should have.

30No advisory panel

5 (1) The Secretary of State may, by regulations, make provision about the
circumstances in which the Director General may be designated as a person
having operational powers otherwise than on recommendations made in
accordance with paragraph 4.

(2) 35Regulations under this paragraph may, in particular, provide that the
Secretary of State must designate the Director General as a person having
particular operational powers if specified conditions are met.

(3) Those conditions may, in particular, relate to training received by a person
before appointment as the Director General.

(4) 40In this paragraph “specified” means specified in regulations under this
paragraph.

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Part 3 Further provision about designations under section 9 or 10

Limitations in designation

6 (1) A designation may be made subject to any limitations specified in the
5designation.

(2) In particular, a designation may include—

(a) limitations on which operational powers the designated officer has;

(b) limitations on the purposes for which the designated officer may
exercise operational powers which the person has.

10Duration of designation

7 (1) A designation has effect without limitation of time, unless the designation
specifies a period for which it is to have effect.

(2) But that is subject to any modification or withdrawal of the designation.

NCA officers having operational powers from another office

8 (1) 15The Director General or any other NCA officer may be designated as a
person having operational powers whether or not that person already has,
or previously had, any such powers.

(2) But see paragraph 12 of Schedule 1 for provision about persons who already
have operational powers upon becoming NCA officers.

(3) 20If a person is both—

(a) an NCA officer designated as a person having operational powers,
and

(b) a special constable or a member of the Police Service of Northern
Ireland Reserve,

25none of the operational powers which the person has as an NCA officer are
exercisable at any time when the person is exercising any power or privilege
which the person has as a special constable or as a member of the Police
Service of Northern Ireland Reserve.

Evidence of designation

9 (1) 30A designated officer must produce evidence of the designation if—

(a) the officer exercises, or purports to exercise, any operational power
in relation to another person in reliance on the designation, and

(b) the other person requests the officer to produce such evidence.

(2) If the designated officer fails to produce such evidence, that failure does not
35make the exercise of the operational power invalid.

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Part 4 Designations: powers and privileges of constables

The Director General

10 (1) If the Director General is designated as a person having the powers and
5privileges of a constable, the Director General has—

(a) in England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters, all
the powers and privileges of an English and Welsh constable; and

(b) outside the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom waters, all the
powers and privileges of a constable that are exercisable overseas.

(2) 10But that is subject to any limitations included in the designation.

Other NCA officers

11 (1) If an NCA officer (other than the Director General) is designated as a person
having the powers and privileges of a constable, the NCA officer has—

(a) in England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters, all
15the powers and privileges of an English and Welsh constable;

(b) in Scotland and the adjacent United Kingdom waters, all the powers
and privileges of a Scottish constable;

(c) in Northern Ireland and the adjacent United Kingdom waters, all the
powers and privileges of a Northern Ireland constable; and

(d) 20outside the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom waters, all the
powers and privileges of a constable that are exercisable overseas.

(2) But that is subject to—

(a) any limitations included in the designation; and

(b) sub-paragraphs (3) and (6).

(3) 25An NCA officer may only exercise the powers and privileges of a Scottish
constable in one or other of the following cases.

(4) The first case is where—

(a) a Scottish general authorisation is in force, and

(b) the powers and privileges are exercised in accordance with that
30authorisation.

(5) The second case is where—

(a) a Scottish operational authorisation is in force in relation to a
particular operation, and

(b) the powers and privileges are exercised—

(i) 35in connection with that operation, and

(ii) in accordance with that authorisation.

(6) An NCA officer may only exercise the powers and privileges of a Northern
Ireland constable in one or other of the following cases.

(7) The first case is where—

(a) 40a Northern Ireland general authorisation is in force, and

(b) the powers and privileges are exercised in accordance with that
authorisation.

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(8) The second case is where—

(a) a Northern Ireland general authorisation is in force,

(b) a Northern Ireland operational authorisation is in force in relation to
a particular operation,

(c) 5the powers and privileges are exercised—

(i) in connection with that operation, and

(ii) in accordance with that operational authorisation.

(9) In this paragraph—

  • “Northern Ireland general authorisation” means an agreement
    10between—

    (a)

    the Director General, and

    (b)

    the Department of Justice in Northern Ireland,

    about the exercise of the powers and privileges of Northern Ireland
    constables by NCA officers;

  • 15“Northern Ireland operational authorisation” means an agreement,
    which is in conformity with the Northern Ireland general
    authorisation that is in force, between—

    (a)

    the Director General, and

    (b)

    an officer in the Police Service of Northern Ireland who is at
    20or above the rank of Assistant Chief Constable,

    about the exercise of the powers and privileges of Northern Ireland
    constables by NCA officers in connection with a particular operation;

  • “Scottish general authorisation” means an agreement between—

    (a)

    the Director General, and

    (b)

    25the Scottish Ministers,

    about the exercise of the powers and privileges of Scottish constables
    by NCA officers;

  • “Scottish operational authorisation” means an agreement between—

    (a)

    the Director General, and

    (b)

    30an officer in the Police Service of Scotland who is at or above
    the rank of Assistant Chief Constable,

    about the exercise of the powers and privileges of Scottish constables
    by NCA officers in connection with a particular operation.

Application of territorial restrictions

12 35Any power or privilege of a constable is, when exercisable by the Director
General or any other NCA officer, subject to any territorial restrictions on its
exercise to which it is subject when exercisable by a constable.

Powers exercisable under warrant

13 (1) This paragraph applies to an enactment if it provides for the issuing of
40warrants which authorise a constable to exercise any power or privilege of a
constable.

(2) For the purpose of enabling a designated officer to exercise that power or
privilege, the enactment has effect as if the designated officer were a
constable.