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(b) the CAA must make the representations in writing before the end of
that period.

(5) In all cases, the CAA must send a copy of its representations to—

(a) the holder of the licence which is the subject of the application,

(b) 5if the application was made by someone other than the holder of that
licence, the applicant,

(c) any other person with a qualifying interest in the decision that is the
subject of the application, and

(d) such bodies representing airport operators or providers of air
10transport services as the CAA considers appropriate.

Part 5 Appeals

Determination of appeal by group

17 (1) The following functions of the Competition Commission are to be carried
15out, in accordance with appeal rules, by a group selected for the purpose by
the Chairman—

(a) considering and determining an appeal, and

(b) giving directions and taking other steps to give effect to the
Commission’s determination on an appeal.

(2) 20The group must consist of 3 members of the Competition Commission.

(3) The Chairman must appoint one of the members of the group to be its chair.

(4) The Chairman may—

(a) select himself or herself to be a member of the group, and

(b) appoint himself or herself to be its chair.

(5) 25A decision of the group is effective only if—

(a) all of the members of the group are present when it is made, and

(b) at least 2 members of the group are in favour of the decision.

Replacing members of group

18 (1) The Chairman may select a member of the Competition Commission to
30replace another as a member of a group with the function of determining an
appeal if—

(a) the person being replaced has ceased to be a member of the
Commission,

(b) the Chairman is satisfied that the person being replaced will be
35unable, for a substantial period, to perform the duties of a member of
the group, or

(c) the Chairman is satisfied that, because of a particular interest of the
person being replaced, it is inappropriate for that person to remain a
member of the group.

(2) 40The Chairman may select himself or herself to replace a member of the
group.

(3) The replacement of a member of the group does not—

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(a) prevent the group from continuing with anything begun before the
member is replaced, or

(b) affect any decision made, or direction given, by the group before the
member is replaced.

5Representations made by the CAA

19 (1) This paragraph applies where an application for permission to appeal has
been granted and the CAA makes representations to the Competition
Commission for the purposes of the appeal.

(2) The CAA must send a copy of its representations to—

(a) 10the holder of the licence which is the subject of the appeal,

(b) if the appeal was brought by someone other than the holder of that
licence, the appellant,

(c) any other person with a qualifying interest in the decision that is the
subject of the appeal, and

(d) 15such bodies representing airport operators or providers of air
transport services as the CAA considers appropriate.

Matters that may be disregarded

20 (1) A group with the function of determining an appeal may disregard matters
raised by the CAA if it thinks it necessary to do so for the purpose of
20securing that the appeal is determined within the period allowed under
section 28, unless they are matters contained in representations made to the
Competition Commission—

(a) in accordance with paragraph 16, or

(b) before the end of the period of 12 weeks beginning with the day on
25which the relevant notice was published.

(2) In sub-paragraph (1) “the relevant notice” means—

(a) in the case of an appeal under section 24, the notice published in
accordance with section 15 of the decision to grant the licence, and

(b) in the case of an appeal under section 25, the notice published in
30accordance with section 22 of the decision that is the subject of the
appeal.

(3) A group with the function of determining an appeal may disregard matters
raised by the appellant if it thinks it necessary to do so for the purpose of
securing that the appeal is determined within the period allowed under
35section 28, unless the matters were raised by the appellant—

(a) at the time of the application under paragraph 1 for permission to
appeal, or

(b) in an application under paragraph 9 or 12 for a direction.

(4) A group with the function of determining an appeal may disregard matters
40raised by an intervener if it thinks it necessary to do so for the purpose of
securing that the appeal is determined within the period allowed under
section 28, unless the matters were raised by the intervener—

(a) at the time of the application under paragraph 4 for permission to
intervene, or

(b) 45in an application under paragraph 9 or 12 for a direction.

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Remitting decision to CAA

21 (1) This paragraph applies where the Competition Commission decides to
remit a matter that is the subject of an appeal to the CAA for reconsideration
and decision.

(2) 5Where, on reconsidering the matter, the CAA decides to modify a licence,
the notice under section 22(6) in respect of the modification may, with the
agreement of the holder of the licence, specify a date falling—

(a) before the end of the period of 6 weeks beginning with the date on
which the notice is published, but

(b) 10on or after the date on which the decision that was the subject of the
appeal took effect or would have taken effect but for its suspension
under this Schedule.

(3) Where, on reconsidering the matter, the CAA considers it appropriate to
modify a licence by adding or altering a price cap condition in respect of
15goods and services—

(a) sub-paragraph (4) applies if the highest charges that would be
permitted by the new or altered price cap condition (disregarding
sub-paragraphs (4) and (6)) (“the proposed maximum charges”) are
lower than charges imposed by the holder of the licence in respect of
20such goods and services during all or part of the appeal period, and

(b) sub-paragraph (6) applies if the proposed maximum charges are
higher than charges imposed by the holder of the licence in respect
of such goods and services during all or part of that period.

(4) Where this sub-paragraph applies, the CAA may modify the licence so that
25it includes such price cap conditions as the CAA considers appropriate with
a view to putting the holder of the licence in the position that it would have
been in if, during the appeal period, it had imposed such lower charges as
the CAA considers appropriate.

(5) The reference in sub-paragraph (4) to lower charges does not include
30charges of less than the proposed maximum charges.

(6) Where this sub-paragraph applies, the CAA may modify the licence so that
it includes such price cap conditions as the CAA considers appropriate with
a view to putting the holder of the licence in the position that it would have
been in if, during the appeal period, it had imposed such higher charges as
35the CAA considers appropriate.

(7) The reference in sub-paragraph (6) to higher charges does not include
charges of more than the proposed maximum charges.

(8) For the purposes of this paragraph a licence condition is a price cap
condition to the extent that it regulates prices by providing that the amount,
40or the maximum amount, that may be charged is an amount specified in, or
determined in accordance with, the condition.

(9) In this paragraph “appeal period” has the same meaning as in section 28.

Substituting CAA’s decision

22 (1) This paragraph applies where the Competition Commission decides to
45substitute its own decision for a decision of the CAA that is the subject of an
appeal.

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(2) Section 23 applies to the Competition Commission as it applies to the CAA.

(3) The Competition Commission’s decision has effect as if made by the CAA,
except that—

(a) section 22(6) does not apply, and

(b) 5an appeal may not be brought against it under this Chapter.

(4) Any modification of a licence effected by the Competition Commission’s
decision takes effect from the date specified by the Commission.

(5) The Competition Commission may, with the agreement of the holder of the
licence, specify a date falling—

(a) 10before the date on which the order containing its decision is
published, but

(b) on or after the date on which the decision that was the subject of the
appeal took effect or would have taken effect but for its suspension
under this Schedule.

(6) 15Where the Competition Commission considers it appropriate to modify the
licence by adding or altering a price cap condition in respect of goods and
services—

(a) sub-paragraph (7) applies if the highest charges that would be
permitted by the new or altered price cap condition (disregarding
20sub-paragraphs (7) and (9)) (“the proposed maximum charges”) are
lower than charges imposed by the holder of the licence in respect of
such goods and services during all or part of the appeal period, and

(b) sub-paragraph (9) applies if the proposed charges are higher than
charges imposed by the holder of the licence in respect of such goods
25and services during all or part of that period.

(7) Where this sub-paragraph applies, the Competition Commission’s decision
may modify the licence so that it includes such price cap conditions as the
Commission considers appropriate with a view to putting the holder of the
licence in the position that it would have been in if, during the appeal period,
30it had imposed such lower charges as the Commission considers
appropriate.

(8) The reference in sub-paragraph (7) to lower charges does not include
charges of less than the proposed maximum charges.

(9) Where this sub-paragraph applies, the Competition Commission’s decision
35may modify the licence so that it includes such price cap conditions as the
Commission considers appropriate with a view to putting the holder of the
licence in the position that it would have been in if, during the appeal period,
it had imposed such higher charges as the Commission considers
appropriate.

(10) 40The reference in sub-paragraph (9) to higher charges does not include
charges of more than the proposed maximum charges.

(11) In this paragraph—

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Part 6 General

Consideration of new matters

23 (1) This paragraph applies to—

(a) 5an authorised member of the Competition Commission with the
function of determining an application for permission to appeal
under section 24 or 25, and

(b) a group with the function of determining an appeal.

(2) The member or group must not have regard to any matter, information or
10evidence raised or provided by the CAA if it was not considered by the CAA
in making the decision that is the subject of the application or appeal, unless
the member or group considers that—

(a) the CAA could not reasonably have been expected to consider the
matter, information or evidence when making that decision, and

(b) 15the matter, information or evidence is likely to have an important
effect on the outcome of the application or appeal, either by itself or
taken together with other matters, information or evidence.

(3) The member or group must not have regard to any matter, information or
evidence raised or provided by a person other than the CAA if it was not
20considered by the CAA in making the decision that is the subject of the
application or appeal, unless the member or group considers that—

(a) the person or a relevant connected person could not reasonably have
raised the matter with the CAA, or provided the information or
evidence to the CAA, during the period in which the CAA was
25making that decision, and

(b) the matter, information or evidence is likely to have an important
effect on the outcome of the application or appeal, either by itself or
taken together with other matters, information or evidence.

(4) Where the member or group has regard to a matter, information or evidence
30in reliance on sub-paragraph (2) or (3), those sub-paragraphs do not prevent
the member or group having regard to further matters, information or
evidence raised or provided in response to it if the member or group
considers that the further matter, information or evidence is likely to have
an important effect on the outcome of the application or appeal, either by
35itself or taken together with other matters, information or evidence.

(5) In sub-paragraph (3), in relation to a person who raises or provides a matter,
information or evidence, “relevant connected person” means a person who
was connected to that person at any time during the period in which the
CAA was making the decision that is the subject of the application or appeal.

(6) 40References in this paragraph to the period in which the CAA was making a
decision are to the period—

(a) beginning with the publication of a notice under section 15(1) or
22(2) proposing to make the decision, and

(b) ending with the publication of a notice under section 15(5) or 22(6) in
45relation to the decision.

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Production of documents

24 (1) The Competition Commission may by notice require a person to produce to
the Commission documents specified or described in the notice that are in
the person’s custody or under the person’s control.

(2) 5The notice may require the production of documents—

(a) at the time and place specified in the notice, and

(b) in the form and manner specified in the notice.

(3) The notice may not require a person to produce documents that the person
could not be compelled to provide in evidence in civil proceedings before
10the appropriate court.

(4) A notice under this paragraph may be given on the Competition
Commission’s behalf by—

(a) a member of the Commission, or

(b) its secretary.

15Oral hearings

25 (1) For the purposes of this Schedule the following persons may hold an oral
hearing and take evidence on oath—

(a) an authorised member of the Competition Commission considering
an application under paragraph 1 for permission to appeal,

(b) 20an authorised member of the Competition Commission considering
an application under paragraph 4 for permission to intervene,

(c) an authorised member of the Competition Commission considering
an application under paragraph 9 or 12 for a direction, and

(d) a group with the function of determining an appeal.

(2) 25In the course of holding such a hearing and taking such evidence, a person
or group described in sub-paragraph (1) may administer oaths.

(3) The Competition Commission may by notice require a person—

(a) to attend at a time and place specified in the notice, and

(b) at that time and place, to give evidence to a member or group
30described in sub-paragraph (1).

(4) At an oral hearing, the member or group conducting the hearing may
require the following persons to give evidence or to make representations—

(a) the applicant, the appellant or any intervener (if present), or

(b) a person attending the hearing as a representative of the applicant,
35the appellant, an intervener or the CAA.

(5) A person who gives oral evidence at the hearing may be cross-examined by
or on behalf of a party to the appeal, subject to sub-paragraph (6).

(6) Such a person may be cross-examined by or on behalf of an intervener only
with the leave of the person or group conducting the hearing.

(7) 40If the applicant, the appellant, an intervener or a representative of such a
person or the CAA is not present at a hearing—

(a) the Competition Commission is not required to give notice to that
person under sub-paragraph (3), and

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(b) the member or group conducting the hearing may determine the
application or appeal without hearing that person’s evidence or
representations.

(8) A person may not be required under this paragraph to give evidence that the
5person could not be compelled to give in civil proceedings before the
appropriate court.

(9) Where a person is required under this paragraph to attend at a place more
than 16 kilometres from the person’s place of residence, the Competition
Commission must pay the person the necessary expenses of attendance.

(10) 10A notice under this paragraph may be given on the Competition
Commission’s behalf by—

(a) a member of the Commission, or

(b) its secretary.

Written evidence

26 (1) 15The Competition Commission may by notice require a person to produce a
written statement with respect to a matter specified in the notice to—

(a) an authorised member of the Competition Commission considering
an application under paragraph 1 for permission to appeal,

(b) an authorised member of the Competition Commission considering
20an application under paragraph 4 for permission to intervene,

(c) an authorised member of the Competition Commission considering
an application under paragraph 9 or 12 for a direction, or

(d) a group with the function of determining an appeal.

(2) The notice may require the written statement—

(a) 25to be produced at the time and place specified in the notice, and

(b) to be verified by a statement of truth.

(3) Where a notice requires a written statement to be verified by a statement of
truth, the statement may be disregarded unless it is so verified.

(4) A person may not be required under this paragraph to produce a written
30statement about a matter about which the person could not be compelled to
give evidence in civil proceedings before the appropriate court.

(5) A notice under this paragraph may be given on the Competition
Commission’s behalf by—

(a) a member of the Commission, or

(b) 35its secretary.

Expert advice

27 Where permission to appeal is granted under paragraph 2, the Competition
Commission may commission expert advice with respect to any matter
raised by a party to the appeal.

40Enforcement of requirements in relation to evidence etc

28 (1) This paragraph applies where a person (“P”)—

(a) fails to comply with a notice under paragraph 24, 25 or 26,

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(b) fails to comply with any other requirement imposed under
paragraph 24, 25 or 26,

(c) in complying with a notice under paragraph 26, makes a statement
that is false or misleading in a material respect, or

(d) 5in providing information verified by a statement of truth required by
appeal rules, provides information that is false or misleading in a
material respect.

(2) A member of the Competition Commission may certify to the appropriate
court—

(a) 10the failure,

(b) the fact that P has made a false or misleading statement in
circumstances described in sub-paragraph (1)(c), or

(c) the fact that P has provided false or misleading information in
circumstances described in sub-paragraph (1)(d).

(3) 15The appropriate court may inquire into the certified failure or act and, if it
does so, must hear—

(a) any witness against P,

(b) any witness on behalf of P, and

(c) any statement in P’s defence.

(4) 20The appropriate court may punish P as if P had been guilty of contempt of
court if it is satisfied that—

(a) the certified failure or act took place, and

(b) P did not have a reasonable excuse for the failure or act.

(5) Where P is a body corporate, the appropriate court may punish any director
25or other officer of that body, either instead of or as well as punishing the
body.

(6) In this paragraph “director”, in relation to a body corporate whose affairs are
managed by its members, means a member of the body.

Destruction of documents

29 (1) 30A person who intentionally alters, suppresses or destroys a document that
the person has been required to produce under paragraph 24 is guilty of an
offence.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under this paragraph is liable—

(a) on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory
35maximum;

(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding 2 years or a fine, or both.

Withdrawal of applications and appeals

30 (1) An application under paragraph 1 for permission to appeal may be
40withdrawn only with the consent of the Competition Commission.

(2) After an application for permission to appeal is granted, the appeal may be
withdrawn only with the consent of the Competition Commission.

(3) An application under paragraph 4 for permission to intervene may be
withdrawn only with the consent of the Competition Commission.

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(4) After an application for permission to intervene is granted, the intervener
may withdraw from the appeal only with the consent of the Competition
Commission.

(5) An application under paragraph 9 or 12 for a direction suspending the effect
5of a decision may be withdrawn at any time.

(6) Withdrawal of an application under this Schedule or of an appeal has effect
when the applicant or appellant gives notice to the Competition
Commission.

(7) The applicant or appellant must send a copy of the notice to the CAA.

(8) 10The CAA must—

(a) publish the notice, and

(b) send a copy of the notice to the persons listed in sub-paragraph (9)
(other than the person withdrawing the application or appeal).

(9) Those persons are—

(a) 15the holder of the licence that is the subject of the application or
appeal,

(b) any other person with a qualifying interest in the decision that is the
subject of the application or appeal, and

(c) such bodies representing airport operators or providers of air
20transport services as the CAA considers appropriate.

Appeal rules

31 (1) The Competition Commission may make rules regulating the conduct and
disposal of appeals.

(2) The rules may include provision supplementing the provisions of this
25Schedule in relation to any application, notice, hearing or requirement for
which this Schedule provides.

(3) The rules may, in particular, include—

(a) provision requiring an application to be accompanied by
information specified in the rules,

(b) 30provision requiring such information to be verified by a statement of
truth,

(c) provision requiring an applicant to provide the CAA with
information specified in the rules,

(d) provision imposing time limits or other restrictions on the taking of
35evidence at an oral hearing, and

(e) provision imposing time limits or other restrictions on the making of
representations or observations at such a hearing.

(4) The rules may make different provision for different purposes.

(5) Before making rules under this paragraph the Competition Commission
40must consult such persons as it considers appropriate.

(6) The Competition Commission must publish rules made under this
paragraph.

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Costs

32 (1) Where an application under this Schedule or an appeal is withdrawn, an
authorised member of the Competition Commission may make such order
as the member thinks fit requiring the parties to the application or appeal to
5make payments to each other and to the Commission in respect of costs
incurred in connection with the application or appeal.

(2) A group that determines an appeal must make an order requiring the
payment to the Competition Commission of the costs incurred by the
Commission in connection with the appeal.

(3) 10An order under sub-paragraph (2) must require those costs to be paid—

(a) where the appeal is allowed in full, by the CAA,

(b) where the appeal is dismissed in full, by the appellant, and

(c) where the appeal is allowed in part, by the appellant and the CAA in
such proportions as the Competition Commission considers
15appropriate,

subject to sub-paragraph (4).

(4) The order may require an intervener in the appeal to pay such proportion of
those costs (if any) as the Competition Commission considers appropriate.

(5) A group that determines an appeal may make such order as it thinks fit
20requiring one party to the appeal to make payments to another in respect of
costs reasonably incurred by the other party in connection with the appeal.

(6) A person who is required to make a payment by an order under this
paragraph must comply with the order before the end of the period of 28
days beginning with the day after the making of the order.

(7) 25If that person does not do so, the unpaid balance carries interest at a rate
specified in the order or determined in accordance with the order.

(8) In this paragraph, references to an intervener in an appeal, and to a party to
an appeal, include a person who was granted permission to intervene in the
appeal and subsequently withdrew from the appeal.

30Secretary of State’s power to modify time limits

33 The Secretary of State may by regulations modify any period of time
specified in this Schedule.

Publication etc

34 Where the CAA or the Competition Commission is required by this
35Schedule to publish something or send a copy of something and this
Schedule does not specify a time for doing so, it must publish or send it as
soon as practicable.

Interpretation

35 (1) In this Schedule—

(2) References in this Schedule to a party to an application are to—

(a) 25the applicant, or

(b) the CAA.

(3) References in this Schedule to a party to an appeal are to—

(a) the appellant,

(b) an intervener, or

(c) 30the CAA.

(4) For the purposes of this Schedule and sections 28 and 29, a person has a
qualifying interest in a decision that is the subject of an appeal or an
application under this Schedule for permission to appeal if—

(a) the person has been granted permission to appeal against the
35decision and has not withdrawn the appeal,

(b) the person has applied for permission to appeal against the decision
and the application has not been withdrawn or refused,

(c) the person has been granted permission to intervene in an appeal
against the decision and the appeal has not been withdrawn,

(d) 40the person has applied for permission to intervene in an appeal
against the decision and the application has not been withdrawn or
refused, or

(e) the person has applied for a direction under this Schedule
suspending the effect of the decision, the application has not been
45withdrawn or refused and any direction made in response to the
application has not been withdrawn.

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Section 47

SCHEDULE 3 Appeals against orders and penalties

Appeals against enforcement orders and urgent enforcement orders

1 (1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal against—

(a) 5an enforcement order given to the person, or

(b) an urgent enforcement order given to the person that has been
confirmed.

(2) The appeal may be against one or more of the following—

(a) a decision to give the order or, in the case of an urgent enforcement
10order, to confirm the order;

(b) a decision as to the steps specified in the order;

(c) a decision as to the period allowed for taking those steps.

(3) The making of an appeal under this paragraph against an enforcement order
suspends the effect of the order until the appeal is decided or withdrawn,
15unless the Competition Appeal Tribunal orders otherwise.

(4) The making of an appeal under this paragraph against an urgent
enforcement order does not suspend the effect of the order, unless the
Competition Appeal Tribunal orders otherwise.

Appeals against modification and revocation of orders

2 (1) 20A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal against—

(a) a decision to modify or revoke an enforcement order,

(b) a decision to modify an urgent enforcement order that has been
confirmed, or

(c) a decision to revoke an urgent enforcement order that has been
25confirmed.

(2) An appeal under this paragraph may be made only by a person—

(a) who is not the person to whom the order was given, but

(b) who appears to the Competition Appeal Tribunal to have a sufficient
interest in the decision.

(3) 30The making of an appeal under this paragraph against the modification or
revocation of an order suspends its modification or revocation until the
appeal is decided or withdrawn, unless the Competition Appeal Tribunal
orders otherwise.

Appeals against penalties

3 (1) 35A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal against a penalty
imposed on the person under section 39 or 40.

(2) The appeal may be against one or more of the following—

(a) a decision to impose the penalty;

(b) a decision as to the amount of the penalty;

(c) 40in the case of a penalty calculated entirely or partly by reference to a
daily amount, a decision as to the period during which daily
amounts accumulate;

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(d) a decision as to the period allowed for payment of the penalty.

(3) Where a person appeals under this paragraph against a penalty, the CAA
may not require the person to pay the penalty until the appeal is decided or
withdrawn.

5Decisions on appeal

4 (1) The Competition Appeal Tribunal may allow an appeal under paragraph 1,
2 or 3 only to the extent that it is satisfied that the decision appealed against
was wrong on one or more of the following grounds—

(a) that the decision was based on an error of fact;

(b) 10that the decision was wrong in law;

(c) that an error was made in the exercise of a discretion.

(2) It may—

(a) confirm or set aside the order, modification, revocation or penalty;

(b) give the CAA such directions as it considers appropriate, including
15directions about the time within which the CAA must act.

(3) It may not direct the CAA to do anything that the CAA would not have
power to do apart from the direction.

(4) The CAA must comply with directions under this paragraph.

(5) When deciding an appeal under paragraph 1, 2 or 3 (including giving
20directions), the Competition Appeal Tribunal must have regard to the
matters in respect of which duties are imposed on the CAA by section 1.

Further appeals

5 (1) An appeal lies to the appropriate court on a point of law arising from a
decision of the Competition Appeal Tribunal under paragraph 4, including
25a direction.

(2) An appeal under this paragraph may be brought by a party to the
proceedings before the Competition Appeal Tribunal.

(3) An appeal may not be brought under this paragraph without the permission
of—

(a) 30the Competition Appeal Tribunal, or

(b) the appropriate court.

(4) “The appropriate court” means—

(a) in the case of an appeal from proceedings in England and Wales and
Northern Ireland, the Court of Appeal, or

(b) 35in the case of an appeal from proceedings in Scotland, the Court of
Session.

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Section 49

SCHEDULE 4 Appeals against revocation of licence

Appeals against revocation of licence

1 (1) A person may appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal against—

(a) 5a notice under section 48(1) revoking a licence, and

(b) a further notice under section 48(9) withdrawing a notice revoking a
licence,

unless the notice or further notice was given in accordance with a direction
given by the Competition Appeal Tribunal under this Schedule.

(2) 10The appeal may be against one or more of the following—

(a) a decision to give the notice or further notice;

(b) in the case of an appeal under sub-paragraph (1)(a), a decision as to
the day on which revocation takes effect.

(3) The making of an appeal under this paragraph against a notice under section
1548(1) revoking a licence—

(a) suspends the effect of the notice until the appeal is decided or
withdrawn, and

(b) extends the period specified in the notice until the appeal is decided
or withdrawn.

(4) 20The making of an appeal under this paragraph against a further notice under
section 48(9) withdrawing a notice revoking a licence—

(a) suspends the effect of the further notice until the appeal is decided or
withdrawn, and

(b) extends the period specified in the notice revoking the licence until
25the appeal is decided or withdrawn.

Notice of appeal

2 (1) An appeal under paragraph 1 must be made by sending a notice of appeal
to the Registrar of the Competition Appeal Tribunal.

(2) The notice must be received by the Registrar before the end of the period of
3030 days beginning with the relevant day.

(3) In the case of an appeal under paragraph 1(1)(a) “the relevant day” means
the later of—

(a) the day on which the CAA publishes the notice under section 48(1)
revoking the licence, and

(b) 35the day on which the CAA publishes a notice extending the period
on which the notice revoking the licence takes effect.

(4) In the case of an appeal under paragraph 1(1)(b) “the relevant day” means
the day on which the CAA publishes the further notice under section 48(9).

(5) Sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) have effect subject to provision in rules made
40under section 15 of the Enterprise Act 2002 (Tribunal rules) after this
Schedule comes into force—

(a) as to the person to whom a notice of an appeal under paragraph 1
must be given;

Civil Aviation BillPage 94

(b) providing that such a notice must be received within a longer or
shorter period beginning with the relevant day.

Decisions on appeal

3 (1) The Competition Appeal Tribunal may allow an appeal under paragraph 1
5only to the extent that it is satisfied that the decision appealed against was
wrong on one or more of the following grounds—

(a) that the decision was based on an error of fact;

(b) that the decision was wrong in law;

(c) that an error was made in the exercise of a discretion.

(2) 10It may—

(a) confirm or set aside the notice that is the subject of the appeal;

(b) give the CAA such directions as it considers appropriate, including
directions about the time within which the CAA must act.

(3) It may not direct the CAA to do anything that the CAA would not have
15power to do apart from the direction.

(4) The CAA must comply with directions under this paragraph.

(5) When deciding an appeal under paragraph 1 (including giving directions),
the Competition Appeal Tribunal must have regard to the matters in respect
of which duties are imposed on the CAA by section 1.

20Further appeals

4 (1) An appeal lies to the appropriate court on a point of law arising from a
decision of the Competition Appeal Tribunal under paragraph 3, including
a direction.

(2) An appeal under this paragraph may be brought by a party to the
25proceedings before the Competition Appeal Tribunal.

(3) An appeal may not be brought under this paragraph without the permission
of—

(a) the Competition Appeal Tribunal, or

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