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Mr. Peter Bottomley : My right hon. Friend takes account of the effect of tolls at the Severn bridge on the economy south Wales before he proposes increases. The decision to construct any trunk road takes into account the benefits to users and therefore the importance to the local economy.
Mr. Peter Bottomley : The proportion of chapter 3 jet aircraft in the world fleet is increasing and has grown from 11 per cent. on 1 January 1982 to 33 per cent. on 1 January 1988. Chapter 3 jet aircraft known to the Department are :
------------------------------------------------------------------- Aircraft |Engines |Aerospatiale SN601 Airbus A300 B2-202 |CF6-50C1 B2-203 |CF6-50C2 B2-320 |JT9D-59A B4-103 |CF6-50C2 B4-203 |CF6-50C2 605R |CF6-80C2A5 Airbus A310-221 |JT9D-7R4D1 or E1 |CF6-80A3 A310-300 |CF6-80C2A Airbus A320-111 and 211 |CFM-56-5-A1 Boeing 737-300 |CFM56-3-B-1 |CFM56-3B-2 737-400 |CFM56-3C |CFM56-3B, 3B2 |CFM56-2 Boeing 747-200 |CF6-50E |CF6-50 E2 |JT9D-70A |JT9D-7Q |RB211-524B2 |RB211-524C2 |RB211-524D4 Boeing 747-300 |CF6-50E2 |JT9D-7R4G2 |CF6-80C2-B1 |RB211-524D4 |JT9D-7R402 Boeing 747SP |JT9D-7A |JT9D-7F |JT9D-7FW |JT9D-7J |RB211-524B2 |RB211-524D4 Boeing 747 SR |CF6-45A2 |JT9D-7A |PW-2037 Boeing 757-200 |RB211-535-E4 |RB211-535C |PW2040 |CF6-80A Boeing 767-200 |CF6-80A2 |JT9D-7R4D(A) |JT9D-7R4D(B) and B2 |JT9D-7R4E and 4E4 |CF6-80C2-B2 and B4 Boeing 767-300 |CF6-80A |CF6-80A2 |JT9D-7R4D(B) |JT9D-7R4E |CF6-80C2-B4 |CF6-80C2-B6 BAe 125-1A |TFE731-3 |TFE731-3R 3A-RA |TFE731-3 400A |TFE731-3 400F |TFE731-3 600A |TFE731-3 600F |TFE731-3 700A |TFE731-3 800 and 800A |TFE731-5R-1H 700B |TFE731-3 BAe 146-100 |ALF-502-R4 100 |ALF-502H 100A |ALF-502R-3 200 |ALF-502H 200A |ALF-502R-5 BAe 146-300 |ALF-502R-5 Canadair CL 600 |ALF-502 Canadair CL 601 Challenger |CF34-1A and 3A Cessna 500 Citation I |JT15D-1 500/501 |JT15D-1/-1A 550 Citation II |JT15D-4 551 |JT15D-4 650 Citation III |TFE-731-3B-100S Dassault Breguet Falcon 10 |TFE-731-2 Mystere 200 |ATF3-6-4C Falcon 50 |TFE-731-3-1C |TFE-731-2 Falcon 900 |TFE-731-5AR-1C Gates Learjet |TFE-731-2-2B |TFE-731-3A-2B Israel Aircraft 1124 Westwind |TFE-731-3-16 1125 |TFE-731-3A-200G Lockheed L1011 |RB211-22B -1 |RB211-22B -100 |RB211-22B -200 |RB211-524B -500 |RB211-524B |RB211-524B3 |RB211-524B4 McD DC8-71 |CFM56-2-C1 72 |CFM56-2-C1 73 |CFM56-2-C1 DC10-10 |CF6-6D |CF6-6D1 |CF6-6D1A |CF6-6K |CF6-6K2 DC10-15 |CF6-50C2-F DC10-30 |CF6-50C1 |CF6-50C/H |CF6-50C2 |CF6-50C2-R |CF6-50C2B DC10-40 |JT9D-20D |JT9D-59A MD-80 |JT8D-209 |JT8D-217 |JT8D-219 |JT8D-217A |JT8D-217C
Mr. McCrindle : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport to what extent those aircraft meeting chapter 3 noise requirements and operating out of British airports have had their noise footprint measured ; whether such extend beyond the areas of the airports from which they operate ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Peter Bottomley : Measurement of noise footprints is expensive so footprints are calculated by computer. The Department uses noise footprints mainly for assessing the night-time noise disturbance caused by particular aircraft types, and for this purpose it has standardised on the 95PNdb footprint. The areas of the 95NdB footprint are known for nearly all chapter 3 aircraft using British airports. Usually most of the footprint falls within an airport's boundaries. In any one case this depends upon the aircraft type and the relationship of the boundary to the runway. By contrast, footprints of the earlier non noise-certificated types spread very far beyond airport boundaries.
Column 212of the general condition of Britain's road vehicles. They record the vehicle inspectorate's continuing progress towards a business-like basis for carrying out their essential duties of annual testing, and spot-checks of the vehicle fleet. The inspectorate has now become an executive agency.
Well-maintained road vehicles are essential to road safety. We welcome the slight improvement in the annual MOT test performance of cars and light goods vehicles. It cannot be regarded as acceptable that a third of the vehicles presented for test fail to meet basic safety requirements.
We continue to be concerned at the poor condition of many heavy goods vehicles and public service vehicles. The number of spot checks of lorries and buses was increased by a third and a tenth of the goods vehicles fleet examined. In the April special survey of public service vehicles carried out after the period covered by this report, there was a slight improvement compared with six months earlier. The vehicle inspectorate are targeting their efforts on operators with poor records and seeking to help promote good maintenance practice. The Freight Transport Association, the Road Haulage Association and the Bus and Coach Council have been asked for their proposals to secure higher standards throughout their industries.
We shall also be exploring with operators and manufacturers the reasons for the unsatisfactory trend in trailer test failure rates and to identify any general issues this raises.
It will continue to be the Government's policy to take stringent enforcement action against operators who fail to maintain vehicles adequately.
Mr. Sainsbury : Before disposing of surplus property we obtain professional advice from within MOD, from the district valuer or from commercial consultants. They prepare valuations of surplus property on the basis of full open market value taking account of existing or established uses and, when appropriate, development potential.
17. Ms. Walley : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he has received any representations from the United States Government seeking the basing in this country of further dual-capable aircraft.
84. Ms. Primarolo : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he has received any representations from the United States Government seeking the basing in the United Kingdom of futher dual-capable aircraft.
114. Mrs. Clwyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he has received any representations from the United States Government seeking the basing in the United Kingdom of further dual-capable aircraft.
120. Dr. Marek : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he has received any representations from the United States Government seeking the basing in the United Kingdom of further dual-capable aircraft.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : The deployment to Europe of additional longer- range dual-capable aircraft currently based in the United States is one of the options being considered by NATO as part of the current review of its theatre nuclear forces. Work on the various options is continuing.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my hon. Friend the Member for Hertfordshire, North (Mr. Stewart) on 16 June at columns 227-28. In addition, the figures for the number of troops deployed in Northern Ireland as at 30 June 1988 are as follows :
|Number ----------------------------- Regular forces |11,164 UDR |6,310
Mr. Freeman : Every aspect of the safety of low-flying is under continuous review and changes are made whenever necessary. As I announced in the House on 20 October, the most recent change concerned the introduction of the new procedures in the night low-flying system, aimed at separating rotary and fixed-wing flying as much as practicable, and improving deconfliction throughout the system.
Mr. Freeman : The Hexham area, like most non-urban parts of the United Kingdom, is used by military aircraft undertaking essential low- flying training. The Government will continue to do all within their power to minimise the disturbance caused by low-flying training and to spread this activity as widely and fairly as possible throughout the country.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : We intend that there shall be a continuing role for the Gurkhas after 1997 within the British Army. The future of the Gurkhas is being addressed against the background of operational and resource factors likely to affect the British Army as a whole.
Other factors to be taken into account when considering the viability of a future Gurkhas force include provision of an appropriate career structure, a broad enough base to support the skills and trades required by an effective operational unit, the need to obtain a cost-effective return on investment in infrastructure in Nepal and the requirement for the force to be operationally viable in relation to its roles and deployments. No decisions have yet been taken on the long term future size, shape or role of the Gurkhas.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : My right hon. Friend last met M. Chevenement at the meeting of WEU Defence and Foreign Ministers on 14 November, but their most recent bilateral meeting was on 7 July when a range of subjects of mutual interest were discussed.
23. Mr. Dunnachie : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the progress of the consultation scheme designed to encourage companies to release employees for service in the territorial and reserve forces.
42. Mr. Lofthouse : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the progress of the consultation scheme designed to encourage companies to release employees for service in the territorial and reserve forces.
87. Mr. Michael : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the progress of the consultation scheme designed to encourage companies to release employees for service in the territorial and reserve forces.
124. Mr. Patchett : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the progress of the consultation scheme designed to encourage companies to release employees for service in the territorial and reserve forces.
Mr. Freeman : I am pleased to report that there has been a most encouraging response to the campaign and, to date, over 350 major employers have pledged their support to employees joining the volunteer forces.
128. Mr. Alan W. Williams : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he was aware before the shooting of the three Irish Republican Army members in Gibraltar that there was no bomb in the suspected car.
27. Mr. Caborn : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether he has discussed with his North Atlantic Treaty Organisation colleagues the possibility of parity in conventional forces between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the Warsaw pact ; and if he will make a statement.
46. Mr. Terry Lewis : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether he has discussed with his NATO colleagues the possibility of parity in conventional forces between NATO and the Warsaw pact ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : Alliance nations are co-operating closely at all levels in preparations for the proposed new arms control negotiations on conventional forces in Europe. A major aim is to remove capabilities for surprise attack and large-scale offensive action. This will require, amongst other measures, the elimination of the superiorities currently enjoyed by the Warsaw pact in key weapon systems such as tanks and artillery.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : Submarine commanding officers are aware of the need to give adequate sea room to surface craft, particularly fishing vessels deploying their gear, and are well trained in avoidance techniques. I am satisfied that everything possible is being done to minimise the risk of submarines becoming entangled with fishing nets.
29. Mr. Kirkwood : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the replacement costs of all aircraft which have crashed in the United Kingdom in low-flying exercises over the last 10 years and the budget allocation to cover aircraft losses in future years.
Mr. Freeman : It is not now our practice to publish the unit production--and hence replacement--cost of individual aircraft. Neither is it our practice to disclose details of future budgetary allocations for them.
Mr. Sainsbury : The Ministry of Defence is continually searching for ways to improve value for money in its purchase of defence equipment. We take every opportunity to introduce competition, and our fortnightly "Contracts Bulletin", and other publications, such as "Selling to the MOD", seek to encourage the widest possible range of companies to compete for our business. We continue to press for taut contracting, insisting wherever possible on firm or fixed prices, or on incentive contracts with a ceiling price. We are developing a fully professional approach to project management by instituting better training for project managers, and by integrating the contracts, finance and quality assurance staff into teams under the project manager.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : In April 1987 the Soviet Union admitted to the possession of chemical weapons and announced that the production of these weapons had ceased. The Soviet Union has subsequently indicated that it will destroy its chemical weapons according to the provisions of a chemical weapons convention which is currently being negotiated at Geneva. However, the Soviets have not provided evidence that would allow us to substantiate their claim to have ceased chemical weapons production.
£ million Year |Total expenditure (a)|of which nuclear |strategic force (b) |(1) |(2) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1979-80 |9,177 |126 1980-81 |11,181 |165 1981-82 |12,607 |269 1982-83 |14,412 |327 1983-84 |15,486 |382 1984-85 |17,122 |384 1985-86 |17,936 |509 1986-87 |18,163 |658 1987-88 |18,849 |882 |---- |---- Total |134,933 |3,702 Total column (1) minus column (2): £131,231 million. (a) Reflects the actual expenditure as recorded in the Appropriation Account without adjustment for definitional changes over the period. (b) Reflects estimated costs.
35. Mr. Hood : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions he has had with British Aerospace on collaborative production agreements with non-North Atlantic Treaty Organisation countries in relation to explosives and propellants.
51. Mr. Steinberg : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions he has had with British Aerospace on collaborative production agreements with non-NATO countries in relation to explosives and propellants.
94. Dr. Moonie : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions he has had with British Aerospace on collaborative production agreements with non-North Atlantic Treaty Organisation countries in relation to explosives and propellants.
37. Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what proposals there are to alter the role of nuclear weapons in Britain's contribution to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's defensive strategy.
39. Mr. Bill Michie : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the outcome of the Scheveningen meeting of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation nuclear planning group.
41. Mr. Strang : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what consultations he has had with the United States Administration about the removal of cruise missiles based on British soil ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : Her Majesty's Government have been fully consulted on the timing of the removal of the cruise missiles from RAF Molesworth and RAF Greenham Common. The missiles have already been withdrawn from Molesworth and a declaration to this effect has been made by the United States to the Soviet Union. Current plans are for half the missiles based at Greenham Common to be withdrawn approximately midway through the three years drawdown period, which began on 1 June 1988, and for the remainder to be withdrawn towards the end of this period.
43. Mr. David Shaw : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what representations he has received from the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament since the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation summit in March.