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Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : Data on emissions of selected gases into the atmosphere are published annually in the "Digest of Environmental Protection and Water Statistics", the latest issue of which (No. 10) contains figures for 1976-86.
The table summarises the data given for 1986.
United Kingdom estimated emissions of selected gases into the atmosphere, by source, 1986 thousand tonnes Source |<1>SO2 |NOx |CO |HCs |<2>CO2 (million tonnes) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Domestic |200 |57 |483 |78 |91 Commercial/Public Service |130 |45 |11 |1 |35 Power Stations |2,600 |783 |48 |13 |227 Refineries |170 |38 |4 |1 |22 Agriculture (fuel use) |10 |3 |1 |- |3 Other industry |570 |179 |75 |3 |122 Transport |50 |821 |4,762 |583 |96 Other sources |- |<3>12 |<3>220 |<4>1,387 |25 |----- |----- |----- |----- |----- Total |3,740 |1,937 |5,602 |2,065 |621 <1> from fuel combustion only. <2> to be published for the first time in Digest No. 11. <3> incineration and agricultural burning. <4> mostly industrial processes and solvent evaporation.
Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : The surveys carried out by the Forestry Commission are giving us information about the state of health of trees, but do not tell us whether any effects observed are the result of pollution. The Department is supporting research into possible mechanisms by which air pollution might damage trees. The most recent authoritative advice, from the Department's terrestrial effects review group, is that some trees are exposed to pollution levels which may be expected to cause stress. Research will continue in order to establish whether there is any threat to the long-term health of trees. The Department also funds the arboricultural advisory and information service located at the Forestry Commission's research station at Alice Holt, which gives a wide range of advice to local authorities and others on tree matters.
Mr. Moynihan : The recent status report prepared for the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea by scientists from the UK and Ireland summarises available information on inputs from rivers to the Irish sea. The information supplied for river discharges from English and Welsh coasts, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland indicates that for the majority of anthropogenic inputs, the proportion coming from English and Welsh rivers ranges between 50 and 80 per cent. and is typically about two thirds. As the report indicates, the data available is of variable quality.
87. Mr. Teddy Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what further estimate he has made of the cost to water authorities of reducing nitrate levels in public water supplies ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Moynihan : The capital costs to water authorities of reducing nitrate levels in public supplies will be between £25 million and £35 million ; the cost to statutory water companies will be around £5 million.
The Consumer Association
The National Federation of Consumer Groups
The Welsh Consumer Council
The Birmingham Consumer Group
The Tyneside Consumer Group
The Portsmouth and District Consumer Group
The National Association of Citizens' Advice Bureaux
These have been concerned mainly with the organisation of river basin management, the question of a national body to represent consumers, the responsibilities and powers of the National Rivers Authority and of the Director General of Water Services, and price control. More recently the National Consumer Council has also made representations on the guaranteed standards scheme and on disconnections practice.
In addition, the consumer consultative committees of all ten water authority regions in England and Wales have made representations on the scope, membership and responsibilities of the proposed new customer service committees.
Mr. Gummer : The number of people employed by local authorities in England in June 1968 was 1,948,000 ; this figure excludes law and order staff (except police--all ranks) and agency staff, as these were not included in surveys before 1975. The corresponding figure for June 1988 was 2,440,000.
92. Mr. Win Griffiths : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment when he last discussed the implementation of the EEC directives on bathing water and tap water quality with the Commission of the European Communities.
93. Ms. Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment how he intends to respond to the request by the London Docklands development corporation for an extra £400 million Government subsidy to fund infrastructure schemes ; and whether he intends to put a limit on the amount of subsidy payable.
Mr. Trippier : The LDDC's splendid achievements in regenerating London's docklands are funded by Government grant and by receipts from land sales. No request for £400 million additional grant is under consideration. Grant is paid within annual limits as voted expenditure approved by Parliament.
95. Mr. Hunter : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will take further measures to encourage planning authorities to consider positively applications for the change of use of redundant agricultural buildings.
Mr. Chope : Since 1980 we have consistently encouraged planning authorities to take a positive approach to proposals for the reuse of redundant farm buildings. This policy is clearly stated in our planning policy guidance notes on green belts and rural enterprise and development. We shall continue to advocate this policy as opportunities arise, and to have regard to it when determining planning appeals.
96. Mr. Sumberg : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what steps his Department is taking to ensure that all council house tenants are fully appraised of the choice to opt out of local authority control.
Mr. Trippier : Tenants' choice will be implemented fully in the spring. Comprehensive information material from my Department about tenants' choice is being prepared and will be published shortly. The Housing Corporation is already providing advice, information and assistance to tenants and prospective new landlords about the scheme. Any tenant or body wishing to know more should contact the corporation.
101. Mr. Cohen (Leyton) : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment by how much housing investment programme allocations for London have been reduced for 1989-90 from 1988-89, in real terms ; and why.
Mr. Trippier : The total for basic HIP allocations in London for 1989-90 is £289.891 million. In real terms this amounts to 74.4 per cent. of that for 1988-89. London received 33.2 per cent. of the national total, the same proportion as for 1988-89. Although the net total for HIP allocations has reduced, capital receipts from sales of council housing have increased substantially, and gross provision nationally for local authority housing capital expenditure in 1989-90 is £3,303 million, an increase of 15 per cent. on previous plans.
102. Mr. Dykes : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will consider introducing changes in the planning inquiry appeals procedures, including the inspectors' adjudication, which would help to equalise the rights of existing local residents and property development companies.
Mr. Chope : The rules of procedure at public inquiries are designed to meet the criteria of openness, fairness and impartiality which were laid down by the Franks committee in 1957. The present rules were comprehensively revised only last year ; I see no need for further changes at this stage. Within the framework provided by the rules, inspectors are expected to use their discretion to ensure that all relevant submissions, from whatever source and however presented, are given due consideration.
Column 649monoxide levels in London's air have exceeded World Health Organisation deadlines in the last 12 months ; and how many times nitrogen dioxide levels in London's air have exceeded the air quality standard contained in the European directive 85/201 over the last 12 months.
Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : The World Health Organisation has set guidelines for carbon monoxide concentrations using average periods of eight hours and one hour. These are targets for improved air quality and not limit values. In 1988 one exceedance of the eight hour guideline was measured at the Department of the Environment's monitoring station in central London. No exceedances of the one hour guideline were measured.
Provisional results from the United Kingdom nitrogen dioxide monitoring network indicate that the EC directive limit value, which is based on the 98th percentile of measurements throughout the year, was not exceeded in London in 1988.
Mr. Speller : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will list those ports in the south-west of England and south Wales which make a charge for the disposal of refuse from ships using those ports ; what charges are levied ; and if he will make a statement on the environmental consequences of dumping such refuse in United Kingdom coastal waters.
Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : Regulations made by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Transport, which came into effect on 31 December 1988, permit harbour authorities providing reception facilities for ships' garbage to make reasonable charges for their use. Although some information on these facilities is available, details of what charges they make are not definite or comprehensive. This Department is concerned with arrangements for the disposal of landed ships' waste. Regulations made under the Control of Pollution Act classify ships' waste, including refuse, as industrial waste. Most industrial waste is collected by the private sector but where local authorities undertake this function they are required to levy a reasonable charge for collection and disposal.
Dumping ships' waste in coastal waters can have very damaging environmental consequences. The dumping of certain materials such as plastics is now an offence under the Merchant Shipping Acts.
Mr. Campbell-Savours : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what annual rental charges have been paid by the Property Services Agency to the owner of the freehold of 67 Tufton street, Westminster, London, for each of the years since 1980.
Mr. Campbell-Savours : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what changes occurred in the terms and conditions of the leasehold agreement between the Property Services Agency and their landlord at 67, Tufton street, Westminster, London at or around the time when Westminster city council disposed of the freehold to Bourne Association Ltd.
Mr. Campbell-Savours : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what changes occurred in the terms and conditions of the leasehold agreement between the Property Services Agency and their landlord at 67, Tufton street, Westminster, London at or around the time when Bourne Association Ltd. disposed of the freehold to the present owners.
Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : I refer the hon. Member to the reply that I have today given to the hon. Member for Gordon (Mr. Bruce) which includes information about emissions of CO , the principal greenhouse gas.
Mr. Spearing : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will place a copy in the Library of the report on employment in London docklands commissioned by the London Docklands development corporation from Research Bureau Ltd.
Mr. Soley : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what extra resources he is planning to commit to the provision of housing for those on low and medium incomes on the sites included in the east Thameside study.
Mr. Heddle : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what discussions he has had about the impact of value added tax on non-domestic construction work on schemes planned and appraised but not legally binding or backed by a building contract on 21 June 1988.
Mr. Trippier The Government have had discussions with some interested parties who made representations on their proposals for transitional relief on VAT for non-domestic construction projects.
Mr. Heddle : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what consultations he has had with the chairman of each urban development corporation on the likely effect of the imposition of value added tax on non-domestic construction work on the contribution private sector investment will make to urban regeneration ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Trippier None, but I am of course aware of the representations being made by developers.
Mr. Gordon Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what is his estimate of the capital spending by the water industry for 1988 -89 and for each of the next three years at current prices and at constant 1987-88 prices.
Mr. Moynihan : Estimates of capital expenditure in 1988-89 and in 1989-90 will be published on 30 January by my right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the public expenditure White Paper. The remaining information requested by the hon. Member is not available.
Mr. Gordon Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will list the housing subsidy paid to each partnership and programme authority in each of the years from 1978-79 to 1989-90 (plans) expressed in cash and constant 1987-88 prices. Mr. Trippier I will write to the hon. Member.
Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment whether he will request a report from Manchester City Council as to the reasons why Mr. Viraj Mendis who has illegally overstayed in the United Kingdom since 1975 was provided with council properties by that council ; what the total subsidies were on these properties ; and whether Mr. Mendis's rates and rent were in arrears.
Mr. Sainsbury : I refer the hon. Member to the answer given to the right hon. Member for Manchester, Wythenshawe (Mr. Morris) on 25 April 1984 by the then Minister of State for Defence Procurement at column 506.
Mr Kirkwood : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will list those development projects which have been written off by his Department in the last two years in each of the services ; what will be the savings for each project cancelled ; and how much development expenditure had been involved in each project until the date the projects were cancelled.
Title |Service |Date of cancellation|Expenditure at |cancellation |£ million --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CACS 4 |Royal Navy |1987-88 |<1>28 SP 70 |Army |1986-87 |88 Nimrod AEW |Royal Air Force |1986-87 |660 <1> Expenditure on hardware only. Other expenditure is commercially confidential.
Projects funded for full development are the preferred solution to approved defence requirements. Although a project may subsequently be cancelled, the underlying requirement will almost certainly remain and will need to be met by other means. This is the case in respect of all three projects listed. The question of savings in respect of these cancellations does not arise.
Mr. Sean Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what is (a) the name of the agency charity which has been awarded the contract for his Department's payroll deduction scheme, (b) the length of time that the agency has been in existence, (c) the number of civilian and military personnel that will be covered by the agency, (d) the number of staff employed by the agency, (e) the agency's experience in dealing with computerised records systems, (f) the number of other payroll deduction schemes with which it is involved and the number of employees covered by such schemes, and (g) the length of time that will have elapsed between Mr. Chancellor's announcement of tax concessions for payroll deduction schemes and the operative date of his Department's scheme.
Mr. Sainsbury : The agency charity which has been awarded the Ministry of Defence contract for the payroll deduction scheme is South West Charitable Giving. This agency was awarded Inland Revenue approved status in March 1987. Potentially there are 161,950 civilians and 312,000 military personnel who could subscribe to the payroll deduction scheme. Details relating to the agency such as personnel are of course a matter for the company. I can however say that it is registered for payroll giving under the Data Protection Act 1986. The Chancellor of the Exchequer announced tax concessions for payroll deduction schemes in the 1986 Budget. For civilians the charities payroll giving scheme came into effect on 1 November 1988, and the armed forces expect to join the scheme on 1 April 1989.
Mr. Sean Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what is the number of staff, by grade, in receipt of local pay additions outside London and the south-east economic planning region ; what are the different amounts paid to staff, by grade ; whether this sum varies due to location ; what qualifying period of scale-related criteria is used ; and whether this varies by location.
Mr. Cartwright : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what are the numbers of military aircraft destroyed or severely damaged by accident during each of the last 10 years for which figures are available, indicating the aircraft types involved.
Mr. Neubert : I refer the hon. Member to the annual statements on the defence Estimates (SDE) which since 1980 have published such information about accidents to aircraft of the three services. The relevant information for 1988 is as follows :
Date |Aircraft |Service ----------------------------------------------- 1. 22 January |Hawk |RAF 2. 3 February |Sea King |RN 3. 2 March |Bulldog |RAF 4. 10 March |Lynx |RN 5. 30 March |Tornado |RAF 6. 11 April |Lightning|RAF 7. 20 April |Phantom |RAF 8. 6 May |Chinook |RAF 9. 10 May |Tornado |RAF 10. 13 May |Hawk |RAF 11. 20 May |Harrier |RAF 12. 30 May |Meteor |RAF 13. 14 June |Hunter |RN 14. 23 June |Lynx |Army 15. 24 June |Hawk |RAF 16. 2 August |Phantom |RAF 17. 9 August |TornadoX2|RAF 18. 18 August |Harrier |RAF 19. 6 September |Bulldog |RAF 20. 6 September |Gazelle |Army 21. 7 September |Jaguar |RAF 22. 14 September |Gazelle |Army 23. 23 September |Phantom |RAF 24. 13 October |Sea King |RN 25. 18 October |Phantom |RAF 26. 19 October |Gazelle |Army
Mr. Neubert : There is no operational training requirement for the RAF police in the use of Skyguard in a monitoring role because trained operators and engineering support are provided by 2729 squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force Regiment, RAF Waddington. However, limited training has been provided during the trials of the equipment to enable RAF police investigators to familiarise themselves with its operation.
Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if the assessment of the results of the trial of the Skyguard radar system for monitoring low-flying aircraft is complete ; and if he will make a statement.