Mr. Battle : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment (1) if he will publish a table showing the number of gainers and losers and the amount of gain or loss, broken down by family type and net equivalent income bands, from the introduction of the community charge ;

(2) if he will publish a table showing the number of (a) couples with children and (b) one-parent families who gain or lose from the introduction of the community charge and how much they gain or lose, broken down into net equivalent income bands.

Column 360

Mr. Gummer [pursuant to his reply, 23 January 1989] : The information requested for household and tax unit types is given in the tables below in ranges of equivalent net income and actual net income. The figures have been calculated in the same manner as those I placed in the Library on 15 December exemplifying the distributional impact of the community charge.

The figures show that 83 per cent. of single pensioner households and 75 per cent. of other single adult households would gain from the introduction of the community charge. Similarly 79 per cent. of lone parent families and 57 per cent. of couples with children would gain.

Column 359

```
Impact of the full community charge with no safety nets (England: 1988-89 prices)

Thousands of gainers and losers and average gain-loss for families with children in ranges of equivalent net

income.

Equivalent net income

range (£pw)

Tax unit type                 |Under 75     |75-150       |150-250      |250+         |All

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) Couples with children

Number of gainers (000's) |110          |1,070        |1,190        |490          |2,855

Average gain (£pw)        |1.44         |2.24         |3.90         |6.70         |3.67

Numbers of losers (000's) |255          |1,235        |600          |85           |2,175

Average loss (£pw)        |0.76         |2.57         |2.91         |3.12         |2.47

(b) One parent families

Number of gainers (000's) |85           |460          |85           |<1>-         |655

Average gain (£pw)        |1.59         |2.04         |5.16         |<1>-         |2.61

Number of losers (000's)  |60           |90           |<1>-         |<1>-         |170

Average loss (£pw)        |0.56         |1.28         |<1>-         |<1>-         |1.35

<1> No reliable estimates available.

```
```
Impact of the full community charge with no safety nets (England: 1988-89 prices)

Thousands of gainers and losers and average gain-loss for families with children in ranges of equivalent net

income.

Equivalent net income

range (£pw)

Tax unit type                 |Under 75     |75-150       |150-250      |250+         |All

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) Couples with children

Number of gainers (000's) |110          |1,070        |1,190        |490          |2,855

Average gain (£pw)        |1.44         |2.24         |3.90         |6.70         |3.67

Numbers of losers (000's) |255          |1,235        |600          |85           |2,175

Average loss (£pw)        |0.76         |2.57         |2.91         |3.12         |2.47

(b) One parent families

Number of gainers (000's) |85           |460          |85           |<1>-         |655

Average gain (£pw)        |1.59         |2.04         |5.16         |<1>-         |2.61

Number of losers (000's)  |60           |90           |<1>-         |<1>-         |170

Average loss (£pw)        |0.56         |1.28         |<1>-         |<1>-         |1.35

<1> No reliable estimates available.

```
```
Impact of the full community charge with no safety nets (England: 1988-89 prices)

Thousands of gainers and losers and average gain-loss for families with children in ranges of equivalent net

income.

Equivalent net income

range (£pw)

Tax unit type                 |Under 75     |75-150       |150-250      |250+         |All

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) Couples with children

Number of gainers (000's) |110          |1,070        |1,190        |490          |2,855

Average gain (£pw)        |1.44         |2.24         |3.90         |6.70         |3.67

Numbers of losers (000's) |255          |1,235        |600          |85           |2,175

Average loss (£pw)        |0.76         |2.57         |2.91         |3.12         |2.47

(b) One parent families

Number of gainers (000's) |85           |460          |85           |<1>-         |655

Average gain (£pw)        |1.59         |2.04         |5.16         |<1>-         |2.61

Number of losers (000's)  |60           |90           |<1>-         |<1>-         |170

Average loss (£pw)        |0.56         |1.28         |<1>-         |<1>-         |1.35

<1> No reliable estimates available.

```
```
Impact of the full community charge with no safety nets (England: 1988-89 prices)

Thousands of gainers and losers and average gain-loss for families with children in ranges of equivalent net

income.

Equivalent net income

range (£pw)

Tax unit type                 |Under 75     |75-150       |150-250      |250+         |All

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) Couples with children

Number of gainers (000's) |110          |1,070        |1,190        |490          |2,855

Average gain (£pw)        |1.44         |2.24         |3.90         |6.70         |3.67

Numbers of losers (000's) |255          |1,235        |600          |85           |2,175

Average loss (£pw)        |0.76         |2.57         |2.91         |3.12         |2.47

(b) One parent families

Number of gainers (000's) |85           |460          |85           |<1>-         |655

Average gain (£pw)        |1.59         |2.04         |5.16         |<1>-         |2.61

Number of losers (000's)  |60           |90           |<1>-         |<1>-         |170

Average loss (£pw)        |0.56         |1.28         |<1>-         |<1>-         |1.35

<1> No reliable estimates available.

```

Column 363

#### Oil Spillages

Mr. Atkinson : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what action he proposes to take to prevent future oil spillages in the English channel to protect the south coast from pollution ; and if he will make a statement.

Under the international convention for the prevention of pollution from ships 1973, and its protocol, no oil or oily mixtures may be discarded within prescribed distances from land ; and ships are required to be so designed, equipped and operated that when a discharge is permitted the oil content has to be kept to the minimum specified. We have taken a number of positive measures to enforce the convention. Ships in the United Kingdom port are inspected to check that their pollution prevention equipment and operational practices are satisfactory. Reception facilities are made available to receive oil residues retained on board. At sea, as from April last year surveillance aircraft have been employed by the United Kingdom to undertake regular patrols over the shipping lanes around the United Kingdom to detect and deter ships discharging oil in contravention of the convention.

### TRANSPORT

#### Vehicles (Accidents)

Mr. Gregory : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will advise how many pedestrians were involved in accidents caused by reversing vehicles during 1988, 1987, 1986, 1985, 1984 and 1983 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The Department does not collect causes of accidents. These are often disputed, or unclear, at the time of the accident.

The following table shows the total number of pedestrians injured, and the numbers injured by a vehicle reversing, for the years 1983 to 1987.

```
h

Pedestrian casualties, and those injured by reversing vehicles:

Great Britain 1983-1987

Year                      |Total pedestrian         |Total involving reversing

|casualties               |vehicle

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1983                      |61,674                   |1,928

1984                      |63,474                   |1,937

1985                      |61,390                   |2,005

1986                      |60,875                   |2,100

1987                      |57,453                   |2,152

```

The full figures for 1988 are not yet available. However, among the accidents reported to date, there were 41,905 pedestrian casualties, of which 1,616 occurred while a vehicle was reversing. Because of the obvious risks, the highway code contains clear advice to drivers to be especially careful when reversing, and not to reverse vehicles for longer than is necessary.

#### Fishing Vessels

Mr. Barry Field : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what steps he is taking to remove from the United Kingdom register fishing vessels that do not comply with part II of the Merchant Shipping Act 1988.

Column 364

Mr. Portillo : The Merchant Shipping (Registration of Fishing Vessels) regulations which came into force on 1 December 1988 set a four- month transitional period before closure of the old fishing vessel registers. In order for their vessels to be accepted for the new register owners are required to confirm ownership particulars and submit a signed declaration of British character. These are then checked against the criteria in section 14 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1988 before new certificates of registry are issued.

#### Vehicle Licence Holders

Mr. David Marshall : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) how many heavy goods vehicle and public service vehicle licence holders in the United Kingdom have had their licences revoked or have had a non- renewal on health grounds for each of the years from 1985-1988 ;

(2) what is the total number of heavy goods vehicle and public service vehicle licence holders operating within the United Kingdom.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The figures for Great Britain are as follows :

```
April to March

|1984-85|1985-86|1986-87|1987-88

-------------------------------------------------------------

PSV licences revoked

on medical

grounds           |502    |734    |865    |880

HGV licences revoked

on medical

and other grounds |2,281  |2,772  |3,066  |3,249

```

No separate figures are available for revocations of HGV licences on medical grounds.

The figures for Northern Ireland are as follows :

```
April-March

|1984-85|1985-86|1986-87|1987-88

--------------------------------------------------------------

HGV licences revoked

on medical grounds |4      |6      |10     |15

```

Figures are not held for the number of vocational licence holders operating within the United Kingdom. The number of heavy goods vehicle and public service vehicle drivers' licences issued annually are as follows :

```
January-December

|1984 |1985 |1986 |1987 |1988

-------------------------------------------------

PSV licences |2,010|3,513|1,665|1,055|2,381

```

#### Foreign Aircraft (Compensation)

Mr. Barry Field : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the number and geographical location of cases where United Kingdom citizens who have been killed in the United Kingdom by foreign aircraft have failed to obtain any compensation from the foreign owner, operator or pilot in the past five years.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : This information is not collected by the Department.

Mr. Skinner : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many road accidents have taken place in the county of Derbyshire in every year since 1979 ; and what are the figures for the number of (a) fatal and (b) serious injuries for each year.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The figures requested are shown below. They show personal injury accidents and the casualties resulting from those accidents.

```
Accidents and casualties in Derbyshire:

1979 to 1987

AccidentCasualties

|Fatal  |Serious

----------------------------------------

1979    |4,079  |111    |1,423

1980    |4,152  |92     |1,397

1981    |4,075  |115    |1,362

1982    |4,138  |119    |1,278

1983    |3,743  |113    |1,092

1984    |3,453  |109    |1,025

1985    |3,306  |78     |817

1986    |3,334  |97     |902

1987    |3,331  |82     |846

```

#### Vehicle Speeds (Motorways)

Sir Bernard Braine : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether the proportion of cars exceeding the 70 mph speed limit on motorways continues to fall as it did between 1983 and 1987.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : It is not yet possible to determine whether car speeds on motorways have fallen since the last of the periodic national speed surveys in 1987. The 1983 and 1987 surveys were conducted using video technology at 54 sites on two days in the months of July and August. In future, vehicle speeds will be collected continuously at about 200 sites using automatic vehicle detectors. At present, data are available from ten of these sites. As only one is on a motorway, proper comparisons cannot be made with the earlier surveys.

Column 366

#### Automatic Weighbridges

Mr. Ward : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his answer of 24 January, Official Report, column 465, which are the main ferry ports to be equipped with automatic weighbridges ; when each will come into use ; and whether their use will be compulsory for all commercial vehicles entering the United Kingdom through these ports.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : During the next three months we intend to install automatic weighing equipment on a trial basis in the ports of Dover, Newhaven, Ramsgate, Poole and Felixstowe. Subject to the outcome of the trial, we will consider further installations in other ports. Under existing legislation there is no provision to make the use of the equipment compulsory but it will be capable of weighing all commercial vehicles using the ports.

Mr. Brazier : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what steps he is taking to deregulate road haulage throughout the European Community.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The EC Council agreed in June last year to abolish all quantitative controls on road haulage within the Community from the end of 1992. The conditions under which non resident operators may carry out road haulage wholly within another member state are under discussion. We are also still discussing the qualitative criteria for access to the profession of road haulage. Domestic haulage in the United Kingdom itself was effectively deregulated in 1968.

Dr. Glyn : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will make it his policy to implement the recommendations of the Horne Report relating to the reinstatement of road and footpath surfaces following works done by statutory undertakings.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : Yes. I refer my hon. Friend to the fuller answer I gave my hon. Friend the Member for Elmet (Mr. Batiste) on 19 January, column 292.

#### Dial-a-Ride

Mr. Cohen : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many trips were provided by London dial-a-ride in 1988 ; what proportion of registered disabled used this service each week ; how many new buses were provided ; how many drivers are currently employed ; and what constraints were placed upon the service.

Mr. Portillo : London dial-a-ride services are run by local voluntary management committees and funded by grant which is allocated by London Regional Transport. Membership, staffing, use of other resources, and operating procedures are matters for them and LRT. Government grant for dial-a-ride services in 1987-88 totals £6.27 million which is a 50 per cent. increase on the 1985-86 figure.

Column 367

#### Manchester Airport (Accident)

Mr. Thurnham : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport when he now expects to publish the report on the Manchester airport disaster ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : We expect the report to be published on 13 March.

#### Severn Bridge

Mr. Barry Jones : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he proposes to initiate any hearings in Cardiff, Newport, Swansea and other locations in South Wales on the proposals to raise Severn bridge tolls ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The inquiry will be held at Thornbury, near Bristol. If the inspector is satisfied that there are objectors who cannot get to Thornbury, and providing a suitable venue can be found, the hearing may continue in south Wales for a limited period.

Mr. Aspinwall : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what is the value of the opening tolls on the Severn bridge in current prices.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : In 1966 the tolls charged for all types of vehicle crossing the Severn bridge was 2/6d (12). The equivalent, at current prices, is 90p.

Mr. Aspinwall : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what levels the debt at the Severn bridge will reach if (a) there is no increase in tolls or (b) the current proposal to increase tolls to £1 for cars and £2 for lorries is implemented.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : If tolls are not increased, our forecasts show that debt would rise indefinitely, so that at the end of the toll period in 2006 it would have reached almost £400 million. If the proposed tolls are introduced debt will reach a peak of £127 million in 1991, declining thereafter so that tolls would cease by 2006.

The latest figure for the Severn bridge debt is £85.5 million.

Mr. Stern : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he will place in the Library copies of his Department's statement of case for increasing the tolls on the Severn bridge.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : I am placing copies in the Library today.

#### Coastguard

Mrs. Margaret Ewing : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list in the Official Report the total amount of overtime worked at each Scottish coastguard rescue centre in 1988, indicating the total cost of such payment.

Mr. Portillo [pursuant to his reply, 30 January 1989] : The total number of overtime hours worked at each Scottish coastguard rescue station in 1988 was :

```


Station   |Hours

--------------------------

Aberdeen  |3,776

Forth     |4,871

Shetland  |4,267

Pentland  |5,127

Moray     |6,600

Clyde     |6,626

Oban      |5,435

Stornoway |4,966

```
`Table file CW890202.031 not available`

Overtime costs are not recorded by individual station and consequently are not readily available.

### SOCIAL SECURITY

#### Benefits and Allowances

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security, further to his reply to the hon. Member for Nottingham, North, 16 December 1988, Official Report, column 751, what is the assumption on expected caseload for each of the social security benefits.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I refer the hon. Member to table 15.6, page 7, of Cm 615 "The Government Expenditure Plans 1988-90 to 1991-92".

#### Single Payments (Tooting)

Mr. Cox : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what amount has been paid out in single payments through his Department's office covering Tooting, in each of the last three years.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The amounts paid in single payments by the Department's local offices covering Tooting are shown in the table.

```
Amounts of single payments made by DSS local offices

in the

Tooting area during the period 1985-88

Year<1>

|1985-86   |1986-87   |1987-88<2>

Office<3>  |£         |£         |£

-------------------------------------------------------

Balham     |779,197   |904,068   |551,139

Wandsworth |350,332   |428,375   |201,331

<1> The periods are from April to April each year.

<2> The figures for 1987-88 are provisional and

subject to amendment.

<3> Tooting is covered partially by the two local

offices shown.

```

#### National Insurance Credits

Mr. Hoyle : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Services how many people had national insurance credits withdrawn in 1987-88 in the United Kingdom, the North West region and Warrington area, respectively ; and for how long these credits were withdrawn on average.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The available information is as follows :

```

Unemployment benefit: Decisions

contribution credits

Number of fresh or renewable

claims disallowed 1987-88<1>

|Number

--------------------------------

Great Britain     |42,274

North West Region |4,399

<1> Year ending 30 June 1988.

```

Information shows the number of persons disallowed contribution credits because they were disallowed

Column 369

unemployment benefit. Statistics on disallowance of sickness benefit credits are not available. No statistics are available for Warrington, nor for the average length of time the credits were withdrawn.

#### Invalidity Pensions

Mr. Wigley : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how many people had their entitlement to invalidity pensions withdrawn during 1988 ; how many of these have lodged appeals ; and, of those, how many have been (a) successful, (b) unsuccessful and (c) how many are still awaiting determination.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I regret that the information requested on the number of cases where entitlement has been withdrawn is not readily available. The latest administrative statistics on social security appeal tribunals relate to appeals heard in the quarter ending 31 March 1988 and they are given in the table provided.

```
Social Security Appeal Statistics-quarter ending 31

March 1988

Invalidity Benefit.

|Number

-------------------------------------------------------

Number of appeals lodged             |1,527

Total number heard and decided       |1,241

Number heard in claimant's favour    |529

Number outstanding at end of quarter |<1>2,365

<1> Includes appeals outstanding from previous

quarter.

```

Column 370

#### National Insurance Contributions

Mr. Andrew Bowden : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what was the number of married women whose contributions to the national insurance fund would have entitled them to a pension less than the Category B married woman's pension in each of the last five years ; and for each year what was the total amount paid in national insurance contributions by this group.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I regret that these figures are not available.

#### Hostel Charges

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security whether he has reached any conclusions on the "Help with Hostel Charges" proposals published in 1988.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : We expect to announce final decisions shortly.

#### Expenditure Plans

Mr. Robin Cook : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if will publish table 15.1 of Cm. 615 in constant 1988-89 prices.

Mr. Scott : The information requested is in the table.

Column 369

```
Social security expenditure in real terms<1>

1983-84 to 1991-92-Great Britain

£ million

|1983-84   |1984-85   |1985-86   |1986-87   |1987-88   |1988-89   |1989-90   |1990-91   |1991-92

|outturn   |outturn   |outturn   |outturn   |outturn   |outturn<2>|plans<1>  |plans<1>  |plans<1>

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contributory benefits<3>

Pension benefits

Retirement pension

basic element                                    |18,580    |18,561    |18,971    |19,588    |19,503    |18,904    |19,198    |19,800    |19,900

additional pension                               |77        |106       |163       |244       |311       |377       |474       |600       |700

Christmas bonus                                    |131       |128       |121       |119       |114       |109       |105       |100       |100

Widows' benefits, etc.

basic element                                    |965       |928       |885       |876       |838       |838       |802       |800       |800

additional pension                               |19        |32        |38        |45        |53        |70        |84        |100       |100

Unemployment, incapacity and other benefits

Unemployment benefit                               |1,911     |1,929     |1,833     |1,935     |1,560     |1,143     |920       |900       |1,000

Sickness benefit                                   |338       |341       |318       |200       |205       |205       |196       |200       |200

Invalidity benefit

basic element                                    |2,304     |2,497     |2,564     |2,768     |2,876     |3,057     |3,347     |3,600     |3,800

additional pension                               |86        |122       |147       |215       |278       |353       |451       |600       |700

Death grant                                        |22        |21        |21        |20        |3         |-         |-         |-         |-

Industrial injuries benefit

Industrial disablement benefit                     |471       |466       |470       |491       |482       |455       |450       |500       |500

Industrial death benefit                           |69        |67        |67        |68        |60        |57        |57        |100       |100

Other industrial injuries benefits                 |6         |6         |6         |4         |4         |4         |4         |-         |-

Family benefits

Maternity alowance                                 |180       |197       |189       |187       |54        |27        |28        |-         |-

Guardian's allowance and child's special allowance |3         |2         |1         |2         |2         |1         |1         |-         |-

|-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------

Total contributory benefit expenditure               |25,162    |25,403    |25,793    |26,765    |26,343    |25,600    |26,116    |27,300    |27,900

Non-contributory benefits<4>

Pension benefits

Non-contributory retirement pension                |52        |48        |47        |50        |39        |36        |36        |-         |-

Christmas bonus                                    |8         |7         |8         |9         |9         |7         |8         |-         |-

War pension                                          |669       |665       |670       |657       |636       |603       |592       |600       |600

Disability benefits

Attendance allowance                               |632       |704       |791       |869       |953       |1,042     |1,140     |1,200     |1,300

Invalid care allowance                             |13        |13        |15        |116       |195       |160       |180       |200       |200

Non-contributory invalidity pension/

severe disablement allowance                         |232       |289       |307       |318       |314       |308       |308       |300       |300

Mobility allowance                                 |388       |435       |487       |574       |633       |665       |730       |800       |900

RPI adjustments                                      |-         |-         |-         |-         |100       |3         |-         |-         |-

Supplementary benefit/income support

Supplementary pension                              |906       |1,088     |1,164     |1,315     |1,404     |-         |-         |-         |-

Supplementary allowance                            |6,232     |6,824     |7,427     |7,576     |7,050     |-         |-         |-         |-

Income support                                     |-         |-         |-         |-         |-         |7,650     |7,400     |7,900     |8,500

Social fund                                          |-         |-         |-         |-         |31        |164       |139       |100       |100

Family benefits

Child benefit                                      |5,091     |5,228     |5,155     |5,036     |4,885     |4,522     |4,319     |4,400     |4,500

One parent benefit                                 |137       |147       |155       |165       |173       |174       |183       |200       |200

Family income supplement/family credit             |157       |154       |150       |180       |191       |422       |481       |500       |500

Maternity grant                                    |22        |22        |20        |16        |-         |-         |-         |-         |-

Housing benefit

Rent rebate                                        |2,528     |2,623     |2,647     |2,702     |2,707     |2,726     |2,834     |3,000     |3,100

Rent allowance                                     |684       |841       |963       |1,057     |1,103     |1,092     |1,562     |1,600     |1,700

|-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------

Total non-contributory benefit expenditure           |17,748    |19,089    |20,006    |20,641    |20,424    |19,573    |19,907    |21,000    |22,000

|-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------

|-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------

Total benefit expenditure                            |42,911    |44,492    |45,798    |47,406    |46,766    |45,173    |46,023    |48,200    |49,900

(collection of contributions and

payment of contributory benefits)                 |886       |988       |920       |811       |848       |857       |914       |930       |920

(payment of non-contributory benefits)               |956       |950       |959       |1,157     |1,307     |1,312     |1,416     |1,470     |1,430

Housing benefit

Local authority administration                     |135       |170       |179       |194       |237       |246       |204       |200       |200

|-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------

Total administration                                 |1,978     |2,108     |2,057     |2,162     |2,391     |2,415     |2,534     |2,610     |2,550

|-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------

|-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------   |-------

Total-Social Security                                |44,888    |46,600    |47,856    |49,568    |49,157    |47,588    |48,557    |50,800    |52,400

<1> Using the GDP deflator at market prices.

<2> Estimated.

<3> ie those paid from the National Insurance Fund.

<4> ie those net from voted expenditure or paid by local authorities etc.

```

#### Family Incomes

Mr. Paice : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he will give the total net income, including benefits, after tax and national insurance where appropriate, for a single mother aged 30 years with one child aged five years, living in privately rented accommodation at a cost of £56.62 per week rent plus

Column 372

£10.23 per week rates plus £2.31 per week water rates, with no capital and the following levels of earnings (a) Nil, (b) £15 per week, (c) £30 per week, (d) £50 per week, (e) £75 per week, (f) £100 per week, (g) £125 per week, (h) £150 per week and (i) £175 per week.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The information is set out in the tables.

Column 371

```
Earnings                  |Tax                      |National Insurance       |Family credit            |Rent                     |Rates                    |Rent rebate              |Rate rebate              |CHB                      |Net income before housing

|costs

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(d) Working over 24 hours-earning £50

50                        |0.00                     |2.50                     |38.15                    |56.62                    |10.23                    |41.09                    |3.40                     |12.15                    |142.29

(e) Working over 24 hours-earning £75

75                        |0.00                     |5.25                     |25.34                    |56.62                    |10.23                    |34.95                    |1.52                     |12.15                    |143.71

(f) Working over 24 hours-earning £100

100                       |5.31                     |7.00                     |12.78                    |56.62                    |10.23                    |31.45                    |0.00                     |12.15                    |144.07

(g) Working over 24 hours-earning £125

125                       |11.56                    |11.25                    |2.63                     |56.62                    |10.23                    |28.62                    |0.00                     |12.15                    |145.59

(h) Working over 24 hours-earning £150

150                       |17.81                    |13.50                    |0.00                     |56.62                    |10.23                    |19.61                    |0.00                     |12.15                    |150.45

(i) Working over 24 hours-earning £175

175                       |24.06                    |15.75                    |0.00                     |56.62                    |10.23                    |8.89                     |0.00                     |12.15                    |156.23

Note: Under Income Support water rates are treated like any other ordinary item of domestic expenditure and are paid by the claimant out of available income. There is no water rate rebate within Housing Benefit for claimants who are not on income support.

(i). Income support would be reduced by the amount that the earnings exceed the £15 disregard.

```
```
Earnings                  |Tax                      |National Insurance       |Family credit            |Rent                     |Rates                    |Rent rebate              |Rate rebate              |CHB                      |Net income before housing

|costs

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(d) Working over 24 hours-earning £50

50                        |0.00                     |2.50                     |38.15                    |56.62                    |10.23                    |41.09                    |3.40                     |12.15                    |142.29

(e) Working over 24 hours-earning £75

75                        |0.00                     |5.25                     |25.34                    |56.62                    |10.23                    |34.95                    |1.52                     |12.15                    |143.71

(f) Working over 24 hours-earning £100

100                       |5.31                     |7.00                     |12.78                    |56.62                    |10.23                    |31.45                    |0.00                     |12.15                    |144.07

(g) Working over 24 hours-earning £125

125                       |11.56                    |11.25                    |2.63                     |56.62                    |10.23                    |28.62                    |0.00                     |12.15                    |145.59

(h) Working over 24 hours-earning £150

150                       |17.81                    |13.50                    |0.00                     |56.62                    |10.23                    |19.61                    |0.00                     |12.15                    |150.45

(i) Working over 24 hours-earning £175

175                       |24.06                    |15.75                    |0.00                     |56.62                    |10.23                    |8.89                     |0.00                     |12.15                    |156.23

Note: Under Income Support water rates are treated like any other ordinary item of domestic expenditure and are paid by the claimant out of available income. There is no water rate rebate within Housing Benefit for claimants who are not on income support.

(i). Income support would be reduced by the amount that the earnings exceed the £15 disregard.

```
`Table file CW890202.040 not available`
`Table file CW890202.041 not available`

#### National Insurance

Mr. Yeo : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what is the total annual revenue received from employees' national insurance contributions paid by employees earning (a) less than £70 per week, (b) less than £105 per week and (c) less than £155 per week.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The information is as follows

```
Total annual revenue received from employees' national insurance

contributions 1988-89

Earnings of employees |£ billion

------------------------------------------------------------------

Less than £70 a week  |0.25

Less than £105 a week |0.85

Less than £155 a week |3.00

All figures are net of contracted out rebate, and exclude the

reduced rate contributions paid by some married women and widows.

```

#### Single Homeless

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security whether his Department has received a copy of the report of the Nottingham university single homeless monitoring project and from agencies serving the homeless in the Nottingham area ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The Department can trace no record of having received this report.

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how many people live in hostels for the homeless in Nottinghamshire.

The only figures collected centrally are the latest estimates of households placed in hostels by English local authorities. They are given in table 7 of the publication "Local Authorities' Action under the Homelessness Provisions of the 1985 Housing Act ; England. Results for Third Quarter 1988, Supplementary Tables" which are available in the House of Commons Library.

Local authorities provide quarterly estimates of the numbers of people accepted as homeless under the terms of the homeless provisions of the Housing Act 1985.

An extract from table 7 of the Supplementary Tables Third Quarter 1988 reads as follows :

Column 374

```
Number of households in temporary accommodation at the end of quarter

|Bed and breakfast|Hostels<1>       |Others<2>

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ashfield            |-                |4                |-

Bassetlaw           |-                |-                |<3>245

Broxtowe            |2                |1                |19

Gedling             |-                |10               |-

Mansfield           |-                |8                |16

Newark and Sherwood |-                |48               |-

Nottingham          |1                |60               |21

Rushcliffe          |1                |8                |9

<1> Including women's refuge.

<2> Including short-life dwellings.

<3> Bassetlaw often let temporary accommodation to homeless families and then rehouse them

later.

```

### HOME DEPARTMENT

#### Active Citizenship

14. Mr. Baldry : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what further initiatives he is taking to promote active citizenship.

Mr. Hurd : We are committed to encouraging active and responsible citizenship in people of all ages and from all sections of society. Much can be and is already being done through involvement in charitable work and voluntary groups--for example, through neighbourhood watch and victim support schemes. The Ministerial Group on the Voluntary Sector meets regularly to discuss promotion of volunteering. The Home Office's VSU-- voluntary services unit--makes grants of £10 million to support voluntary organisations, many of which exist to promote voluntary activity and to support volunteers. The Government as a whole spend some £2 billion in helping to fund the voluntary sector.

There is a need for even closer partnership between the public, private and voluntary sectors. I have been having and will continue to have discussions with representatives of all three sectors in order to identify and publicise ways in which people can turn concern into effective voluntary action.

#### Violent Crime

15. Mr. Wood : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what further action his Department is taking to combat violent crime.

Column 375

19. Mr. Michael Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what action his Department is taking to combat violent crime.

Mr. John Patten : The Government have already strengthened the police, increased maximum sentences and cracked down on the possession of knives and other offensive weapons. New measures this year will include a further addition to police manpower of 1,100 more officers. From yesterday, there exists a new right of appeal for the prosecution against an over- lenient sentence, in addition the private ownership of lethal firearms, like the Kalashnikov rifle, is banned. The Prevention of Terrorism Bill, now before Parliament, will give the police and the courts the special powers which they need to counter the violent terrorist threat.

#### Chief Constables (Wales)

16. Mr. Wigley : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department when he last had a meeting with the chief constables of police forces in Wales ; and how frequently he holds such joint meetings.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : In exercising his responsibilities for the police service in England and Wales my right hon. Friend frequently has meetings with chief constables. My right hon. Friend has not found it necessary to hold meetings with chief officers of police forces in Wales as a separate group.

#### Airports (Security)

17. Mr. Colvin : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make a statement on the use of police forces for security purposes at airports.

Mr. Hurd : Police are employed on work requiring police skills. Airport staff conduct other procedures such as screening of passengers and baggage. A working party has been examining those recommendations of the Transport Select Committee particularly directed to the police, and my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Transport and I have now asked the working party to consider whether they wish to make any further recommendations in the light of the Lockerbie disaster.

#### Infant Life Preservation Act 1929

18. Miss Widdecombe : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what representations he has received concerning the case for amending the Infant Life Preservation Act 1929.

66. Mr. Ken Hargreaves : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what representations he has received concerning the case for amending the Infant Life Preservation Act.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : During the past year our records show one leter received in favour of amending the Act.

51. Mr. Evennett : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department when was the last prosecution for child destruction under the Infant Life Preservation Act 1929.