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reported as missing in Warwickshire during each of the last five years for which records are available ; and how many and what percentage in each category were subsequently traced.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : Information in the form requested is not available.

Immigration

Mr. Darling : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list the number of persons aged 18 years or below who were refused leave to enter the United Kingdom by virtue of relationship with a person resident in the United Kingdom, and whose application was refused on the ground that they could not establish such relationship, in each year since 1975.

Mr. Renton : The information requested is not available centrally. Information on the total number of children under 18 years of age in the Indian subcontinent initially refused entry clearance to the United Kingdom in 1977-87 is given in table 7 of "Control of Immigration : Statistics, United Kingdom, 1987" (Cm. 415), and 770 children were refused in the first three quarters of 1988. The estimated corresponding numbers of children initially refused a certificate of entitlement to, or confirmation of, the right of abode in the United Kingdom were negligible prior to 1986, 560 in 1986, 350 in 1987, and 200 in the first three quarters of 1988. Some applications refused initially are subsequently granted on appeal.

Illegal Parking

Mr. Nigel Griffiths : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Leyton (Mr. Cohen) of 31 January, if he will call for a report from the Comissioner of Police of the Metropolis summarising the specific criteria applied by traffic wardens and police officers in deciding (a) to tow away an illegally parked vehicle, (b) to clamp an illegally parked vehicle and (c) to issue a fixed penalty notice for an illegally parked vehicle and as to what account is taken of the gravity of the infringement and the likelihood of the vehicle causing an obstruction ; and if he will publish this summary in the Official Report.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : No. The enforcement of road traffic law is a matter for individual chief officers of police. I am generally content that the enforcement of parking restrictions is conducted with common sense, tact and discretion and that there are adequate safeguards for those motorists who feel they have been treated unreasonably.

Lincolnshire Constabulary

Dame Elaine Kellett-Bowman : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many serious offences were committed in the area covered by the Lincolnshire constabulary in each of the last five years for which records are available.

Mr. John Patten [holding answer 1 February 1989] : The information is published annually in table S3.1 of "Criminal Statistics, England and Wales", supplementary tables, volume 3, a copy of which is in the Library.

DNA Test

Mr. Vaz : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) if he will make it his policy under a DNA


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testing scheme to permit the test to be taken by individuals over 18 years who applied for entry as dependants under the age of 18 years and were turned down ;

(2) if he will list the countries of origin of dependants who may apply to join relatives already settled in the United Kingdom to whom the DNA testing scheme, if approved, will apply.

Mr. Renton [holding answer 31 January 1989] : My right hon. Friend announced on 26 July 1988 that we were considering whether DNA testing should continue to be left to private initiative or organised on a centrally run scheme. We will announce our conclusions on these matters as soon as possible.

PRIME MINISTER

Crown Immunity

Mr. Ashley : To ask the Prime Minister whether, in the light of her answer to the right hon. Member for Stoke on Trent, South Official Report , 29 November 1988, column 178 , she will take steps to ensure that the Department of Health will not seek crown immunity from prosecution for health authorities when the anticipated controls on pollution emissions come into effect.

The Prime Minister : I confirm that we do not intend there to be any crown immunity for health authorities in respect of the proposed new controls on emissions to the atmosphere.

Cabinet Office (Cash Limit)

Mr. Tim Smith : To ask the Prime Minister if there are any proposals to change the 1988-89 cash limit and running costs limit for the Cabinet Office.

The Prime Minister : Both the overall cash limit and the running costs limit for the Cabinet Office : Other Services (class XX, vote 2) have been reduced by £3,000, from £16,137,000 to £16,134,000 and from £19,616,000 to £19,613,000 respectively. These decreases will be offset by corresponding increases in the cash limit and running costs limit for the Cabinet Office : Office of the Minister for the Civil Service (class XX, vote 1) and reflect the transfer of costs for recruitment under the direct entry grade 7 competition, 1988. There is no overall increase in either cash limits or gross running costs limits for Government as a whole as a result of these changes, which will not therefore add to the planned total of public expenditure.

ENERGY

Electricty Generation (Land Use)

Mr. Greg Knight : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what is the land use impact of electricity produced by nuclear power compared to that used by coal.

Mr. Michael Spicer : The CEGB advises me that the construction process of an 1,800 MW coal-fired power station equipped with FGD plant requires some 100 hectares of land of which about half would be retained for operational use. The construction process of a 1,200 MW PWR nuclear power station requires some 75 hectares of which about a third would be retained for operational use.


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In general a coal-fired power station requires more land for operational use than a nuclear power station.

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will list by type and location the total land holdings of the Central Electricty Generating Board in the three counties of Yorkshire.

Mr. Michael Spicer : This is an operational matter for the Central Electricity Generating Board. I have asked the chairman to write to the hon. Member.

Wind Turbine Generators

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will make a statement on information available to his Department on the merits of three-bladed steel wind turbine generators as a source of energy.

Mr. Michael Spicer : The Department's research and development programme is intended to examine the merits of wind energy, in particular its economic and environmental acceptability. On the basis of information available from our studies to-date we believe that wind energy has the potential to make a substantial contribution to United Kingdom energy supplies and that the three-blade, horizontal axis configuration is one of the more promising options.

Steel is used extensively in the manufacture of wind turbines, for both the rotating components and the support structure. It can be used for making the rotor blades, but lighter composite materials are preferred by most manufacturers.

Nuclear Reactors

Mr. Cohen : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy (1) whether the Central Electricity Generating Board or his Department has calculated the fissile plutonium content of the approximately 18 tonnes of fuel discharged from Berkeley reactor 1 between 4 April and 17 July ;

(2) on what dates in 1987, 1988 and 1989 Bradwell nuclear power station was refuelled ; if he will give the figures for fuel discharged and loaded ; and if he will make a statement ; (3) whether the Central Electricity Generating Board or his Department has calculated the amount of fissile plutonium in irradiated fuel discharged from Bradwell nuclear power station between January 1987 and January 1989 ; and if he will make a statement ;

(4) what is the typical period or length of time that the fuel remains in the core of a typical Magnox nuclear power reactor ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Spicer : These are operational matters for the Central Electricity Generating Board. I have asked the chairman to write to the hon. Member.

North Sea Safety

Mr. John Greenway : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he plans to issue any further safety notices in respect of practices in the North sea.

Mr. Peter Morrison : Yes. I have today issued the following safety notice :

The Department is concerned that the provision of alcohol offshore, even on a strictly controlled basis, may provide opportunities for abuse.


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Operators are asked to ensure that all their staff are aware that if such abuse occurs they may render themselves liable to prosecution under S.7 of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974. Operators may also render themselves liable under S.2.

However, the Department consider that operators should not allow any such opportunities to arise. This can be done only by barring the possession or use of alcohol offshore. The Department expects operators to ensure that they implement such a policy.

WALES

Drinking Water

Ms. Quin : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will list all those water supplies in Wales which fail to meet the standards set out in the European Economic Community directives on the safety of drinking water and whether or not these are are the subject of derogations ; how and when it is proposed for each of these water supplies to meet the standards laid down ; and what the latest estimated cost of complying with the standards is in each case.

Mr. Wyn Roberts : The following sources of supply in Wales, many of which serve populations of less than 1,000, are the subject of derogations under article 9 of the drinking water directive (80/778/EEC) :

Source

Alwen

Caerau

Carno

Crai Reservoir

Elan Aquaduct

Garret Lwyd

Garw Levels

Georgetown

Lovesgrove Borehole

Nantybwch

Nantymoel

Portis

Strata Florida

Ystradfellte

Small Sources (serving population of less than 1,000)

Afon Cwm-y-Llan

Bettws-y-Coed

Croesor

Cwm Cegr Springs

Cwmsymlog

Gryn Goch

Llanbedr Springs

Llanfynydd

Llan Penmachno

Nantmor

Penygoyallt

Rhyd

Rhyd-Ddu

Rhydyronnen

Tir-Garwen

Upper Wenallt Springs

Wern Ddu

The temporary relaxation of the directive's standards does not pose any threat to public health and the Welsh water authority has an ongoing programme of remedial works which should ensure that supplies regularly comply by 1992. The full cost of the programme is still being evaluated.


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Hill Farmers

Mr. Geraint Howells : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales how many full-time hill farmers there are in Wales ; what was the corresponding figure 10 years ago ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Wyn Roberts : In June 1977, there were 9,960 whole-time farmers, partners and working directors on holdings in the original less-favoured area, (now known as the severely disadvantaged area). In June 1987, there were 16,637 whole-time farmers, partners and working directors in the extended LFA, of which 9,902 are estimated to be on land directly comparable to the original LFA.

Trunk Roads

Mr. Geraint Howells : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales what is the planned expenditure by his Department on trunk roads in Ceredigion district for the years 1989 and 1990 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Wyn Roberts : Planned expenditure on new construction and improvement (excluding renewal) is £2.4 million for 1989-90 and £3.5 million for 1990-91. This does not include local authority expenditure. Information about major scheme starts will be given in the Welsh commentary on the public expenditure White Paper and in the forthcoming edition of "Roads in Wales".

Montgomery Canal

Sir Michael McNair-Wilson : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales what discussions he has had with British Waterways about the future of the Montgomery canal.

Mr. Grist : The Secretary of State discussed the proposal to restore the Montgomery canal with the chairman of the British Waterways Board last November.

Sir Michael McNair-Wilson : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales what discussions his officials have had with Powys county and Montgomeryshire district council, the Welsh tourist board and the Mid Wales Development Board about funding restoration work on the Montgomery canal ; what estimate has been given for this work ; and whether any European Economic Community funding was available.

Mr. Wyn Roberts : Welsh Office officials have had many discussions with members of the steering group seeking to restore the Montgomery canal. Restoration proposals have been variously estimated to cost £14 million to £18 million. No decision was taken on whether EC funding would have been available.

NORTHERN IRELAND

AVCs (Teachers)

Mr. Burns : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland whether in the light of the voluntary contributions requirements of article 14 of the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1986, he proposes to introduce additional facilities for AVCs within the teachers' superannuation scheme ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Needham : Prudential Pension Fund Services has been appointed to provide a new additional voluntary


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contribution (AVC) scheme for teachers who are members of the teachers' superannuation scheme for Northern Ireland.

It is intended to make regulations as soon as possible to give effect to the new scheme, and to secure approval for it under section 592 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 so that teachers' contributions are allowable as a deducation from income before assessment to tax. Subject to these requirements, the scheme is intended to come into operation on 1 April 1989, enabling members to secure tax relief on single premium payments in the 1988-89 tax year.

The AVC scheme will offer a flexible, money purchase alternative to the existing provision for buying in added years. Members will be able to choose to invest their contributions in a with-profit or a unit-linked fund, or on cash deposit at building society rates of interest, or to apply them to the purchase of additional life insurance cover, or in any combination of these investment vehicles. Members will also be free to vary their contributions, and their allocation between investments, at any time.

ENVIRONMENT

Chlorofluorocarbons

Mr. Malcolm Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will make a statement on the information available to him about the relative environmental record of HCFC 22 and chlorofluorocarbons 11 and 12.

Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : HCFC22 is estimated to have a very low ozone depletion potential--one twentieth of that of CFC 11 and CFC 12. The Government's view on the use of HCFC22 is set out in its reply to the first report from the Environment Committee (Session 1987--88HC 270-1) on air pollution. (Cm. 522).

Mr. Malcolm Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment when he expects HFA 134a to be in use as a substitute for chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants ; and what steps his Department is taking to ensure that it is available for use as a refrigerant as soon as possible.

Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : The Government are encouraging the manufacturers of chlorofluorocarbons and halons to develop suitable and safe substitutes as quickly as possible. HFC134a is expected to be available in commercial quantities in the early 1990s, subject to the satisfactory outcome of toxicological testing.

Mr. Malcolm Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment (1) whether he will take steps to bring the disposal of chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants in industrial premises under safety at work legislation ; and if he will make a statement ;

(2) what measures his Department is taking to ensure the safe disposal of chlorofluorocarbons from air conditioning systems in trains, airplanes, motor coaches and cars ;

(3) if he will take steps to make it illegal to discharge chlorofluorocarbons used in refrigeration into the atmosphere ; (4) if he will make a statement on the facilities available in the United Kingdom for (a) the safe disposal and (b) the recycling of chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants ;


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(5) what steps he is taking to ensure that adequate facilities exist for the disposal and recycling of chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants.

Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : This question, together with others by the hon. Member, reflects the recommendations of a report prepared by the Heating and Ventilating Contractors' Association called "Safe Disposal of CFC Refrigerants". My right hon. Friend and I have recently been sent copies of the report. Officials are discussing it with the association and with other industry representatives.

Tourism

Mr. Gregory : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment how much financial assistance has been given by his Department towards tourism for each year since 1983 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mrs. Virginia Bottomley : Expenditure on a number of the Department's programmes assists tourism particularly those concerned with the heritage, including parks and palaces, the countryside, rural development, inner city initiatives and activities by local authorities. Overall figures are not available.

Gipsies

Mr. Cox : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what is the present number of caravan sites for gipsies in Greater London under the Caravan Sites Act 1986.

Mr. Trippier : Currently, there are 28 sites, two of them temporary.

Local Authority Finance

Mr. Pike : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will give the allocations for 1989-90 for inner area programme authorities and the corresponding figures for 1988-89.

Mr. Trippier : I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave my hon. Friend the Member for Sheffield, Hallam (Mr. Patnick) on 1 February, at columns 215-17, when I announced the initial urban programme allocations for 1989-90. The initial allocations for 1988-89 are in the table.


Region and authority     |Initial allocation                       

                         |1988-89 £ million                        

-------------------------------------------------------------------

Northern                                                           

Newcastle and Gateshead  |16.84                                    

Hartlepool               |1.75                                     

Langbaurgh               |1.75                                     

Middlesbrough            |5.5                                      

North Tyneside           |3.42                                     

South Tyneside           |4.4                                      

Stockton                 |1.37                                     

Sunderland               |4.4                                      

                                                                   

North West                                                         

Manchester and Salford   |22.2                                     

Blackburn                |4.0                                      

Bolton                   |3.75                                     

Burnley                  |1.8                                      

Oldham                   |3.7                                      

Preston                  |2.0                                      

Rochdale                 |3.6                                      

Wigan                    |2.2                                      

                                                                   

Merseyside                                                         

Liverpool                |20.5                                     

Halton                   |1.43                                     

Knowsley                 |3.91                                     

St. Helens               |1.7                                      

Sefton                   |1.5                                      

Wirral                   |3.42                                     

                                                                   

West Midlands                                                      

Birmingham               |24.68                                    

Coventry                 |4.79                                     

Dudley                   |1.25                                     

Sandwell                 |4.87                                     

Walsall                  |1.5                                      

Wolverhampton            |5.39                                     

The Wrekin               |0.57                                     

                                                                   

East Midlands                                                      

Derby                    |1.41                                     

Leicester                |5.43                                     

Nottingham               |5.5                                      

                                                                   

Yorkshire and Humberside                                           

Barnsley                 |1.5                                      

Bradford                 |4.5                                      

Doncaster                |1.75                                     

Hull                     |4.89                                     

Kirklees                 |0.82                                     

Leeds                    |4.4                                      

Rotherham                |1.75                                     

Sheffield                |5.5                                      

                                                                   

London                                                             

Hackney                  |9.66                                     

Islington                |9.65                                     

Lambeth                  |11.75                                    

Brent                    |3.91                                     

Greenwich                |1.9                                      

Hammersmith and Fulham   |4.31                                     

Haringey                 |2.25                                     

Kensington and Chelsea   |1.85                                     

Lewisham                 |1.95                                     

Newham                   |2.25                                     

Southwark                |2.25                                     

Tower Hamlets            |4.5                                      

Wandsworth               |4.5                                      

                                                                   

South West                                                         

Bristol                  |1.5                                      

Plymouth                 |1.0                                      

Mr. Pike : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will list those local authorities which have received allocations in 1988- 89 and are to receive proposed allocations in 1989-90 under the private sector renewal initiative ; and if he will indicate the respective figures.

Mr. Trippier : We gave additional allocations under the private sector area renewal initiative as follows :


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