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SCOTLAND

Drinking Water

Ms. Quin : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list all those water supplies in Scotland which fail to meet the standards set out in the European Economic Community directives on the quality of drinking water and whether or not these are the subject of derogations ; how and when it is proposed for each of these water supplies to meet the standards laid down ; and what the latest estimated cost of complying with the standards is in each case.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton : The EC drinking water directive allows departure from its standards either by delay under article 20 or by derogation under article 9. Scottish public water supplies subject to application for delay and those subject to derogations are set out in the tables. Improvement programmes, with timetables, for supplies subject to delay have been submitted to the European Commission. Most are in progress and a significant number are virtually complete.

Recent review has indicated further supplies which do not meet the standards. These are not included in the tables pending consideration by Scottish Development Department of appropriate action. Up-to-date detailed cost figures for individual supplies are not available, but recent estimates by Scottish water authorities suggested that the overall cost of fully complying with the standards might approach £700 million.


Table 2                                                                        

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Borders Region               |Wakefield W Linton                               

                             |Yarrowford                                       

                                                                               

Central Region               |Killin                                           

                             |Callander                                        

                                                                               

Dumfries and Galloway Region |Carsphairn                                       

                             |Barclye                                          

                             |Euchan                                           

                             |Glengap                                          

                             |Lochfoot                                         

                             |Lochinvar                                        

                             |Penwhirn                                         

                             |Sandyford                                        

                             |Sanquhar                                         

                             |Creetown                                         

                             |Bardrochwood                                     

                             |Wanlockhead                                      

                             |Loch Roan                                        

                                                                               

Grampian Region              |Glenlatterach                                    

                             |Invercannie                                      

                             |Wrack                                            

                             |Newbigging                                       

                             |Aberlour                                         

                                                                               

Highland Region              |Beauly Firth Area                                

                             |Broadford                                        

                             |Fort Augustus                                    

                             |Glenurquhart                                     

                             |Mallaig                                          

                             |Onich                                            

                             |Clunas                                           

                             |Kyle of Lochalsh                                 

                             |Loch Carron                                      

                             |Culnakirk                                        

                             |Caen/Ord                                         

                             |Kinlochbervie                                    

                                                                               

Orkney Islands               |Kirkbister                                       

                             |Wideford                                         

                             |Boardhouse                                       

                             |Stromness                                        

                             |Heldale                                          

                             |Westray                                          

                             |Bea                                              

                                                                               

Shetland Islands             |Unst                                             

                             |Cullivoe                                         

                             |Fetlar                                           

                             |Skerries                                         

                             |Bressay                                          

                             |Northmavine                                      

                             |Walls                                            

                             |Sandness                                         

                             |Reawick and Skeld                                

                             |Nebister                                         

                             |Voe and Vidlin                                   

                             |Fair Isle                                        

                             |West Burrafirth                                  

                                                                               

Strathclyde Region           |Ardrishaig                                       

                             |Auchalochy                                       

                             |Carradale                                        

                             |Clachan                                          

                             |Furnace                                          

                             |Muasdale                                         

                             |Tarbert                                          

                             |Tighnabruaich                                    

                             |Tiree                                            

                             |Afton                                            

                             |Castlehill                                       

                             |L. Spallander                                    

                             |Holehouse                                        

                             |Knockjarder                                      

                             |Millport                                         

                             |Muirkirk                                         

                             |Pundeavon                                        

                             |Glassford                                        

                             |Roughrigg                                        

                             |Asker                                            

                             |Belmore                                          

                             |Bowling                                          

                             |Burncrooks                                       

                             |Coulport                                         

                             |Craigielinn                                      

                             |Garshake                                         

                             |Kelly                                            

                             |Larkfield                                        

                             |Loch Sloy                                        

                             |Muirdykes                                        

                             |Stanley High                                     

                             |Lamlash                                          

                             |Bradan                                           

                             |Passford                                         

                             |Kilmory                                          

                             |Carrick Castle                                   

                             |Leanach                                          

                             |Cairnbaan                                        

                             |Kilmichael                                       

                             |Tayvallich                                       

                             |Saddell                                          

                             |Tayinloan                                        

                             |Whitehouse                                       

                             |Ballygrant                                       

                             |Portnahaven                                      

                             |Gigha                                            

                             |Luing                                            

                             |Bunessan                                         

                             |Lochdonhead                                      

                             |Iona                                             

                             |Ross of Mull                                     

                             |Loudonhill                                       

                             |Catacol                                          

                             |Lochranza                                        

                             |Tullochgorm                                      

                             |Kilberry                                         

                             |Claddich                                         

                             |Arinagour (Coll)                                 

                             |Nerabolls                                        

                                                                               

Tayside Region               |Camserney                                        

                             |Kinlock Rannoch                                  

                             |Acharn                                           

                                                                               

Western Isles                |Benbecula                                        

                             |Berneray                                         

                             |Castlebay                                        

                             |Eriskay                                          

                             |Howmore                                          

                             |Leverburgh                                       

                             |Lochboisdale                                     

                             |Lochmaddy                                        

                             |North Bay                                        

                             |Northton                                         

                             |Rodel                                            

                             |Scalpay                                          

                             |Sollas                                           

                             |Tarbert                                          

                             |Balallan                                         

                             |Leurbost                                         

                             |Tolsta Glen                                      

                             |Shior Thomas                                     

                             |Seilibost                                        

                             |Maaruig                                          

                             |Ardvourlie                                       

                             |10 unnamed supplies                              

                             |Stornoway (augmentation)                         

                             |Cliasmol                                         

                             |Meavaig                                          


Table 2                                                                        

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Borders Region               |Wakefield W Linton                               

                             |Yarrowford                                       

                                                                               

Central Region               |Killin                                           

                             |Callander                                        

                                                                               

Dumfries and Galloway Region |Carsphairn                                       

                             |Barclye                                          

                             |Euchan                                           

                             |Glengap                                          

                             |Lochfoot                                         

                             |Lochinvar                                        

                             |Penwhirn                                         

                             |Sandyford                                        

                             |Sanquhar                                         

                             |Creetown                                         

                             |Bardrochwood                                     

                             |Wanlockhead                                      

                             |Loch Roan                                        

                                                                               

Grampian Region              |Glenlatterach                                    

                             |Invercannie                                      

                             |Wrack                                            

                             |Newbigging                                       

                             |Aberlour                                         

                                                                               

Highland Region              |Beauly Firth Area                                

                             |Broadford                                        

                             |Fort Augustus                                    

                             |Glenurquhart                                     

                             |Mallaig                                          

                             |Onich                                            

                             |Clunas                                           

                             |Kyle of Lochalsh                                 

                             |Loch Carron                                      

                             |Culnakirk                                        

                             |Caen/Ord                                         

                             |Kinlochbervie                                    

                                                                               

Orkney Islands               |Kirkbister                                       

                             |Wideford                                         

                             |Boardhouse                                       

                             |Stromness                                        

                             |Heldale                                          

                             |Westray                                          

                             |Bea                                              

                                                                               

Shetland Islands             |Unst                                             

                             |Cullivoe                                         

                             |Fetlar                                           

                             |Skerries                                         

                             |Bressay                                          

                             |Northmavine                                      

                             |Walls                                            

                             |Sandness                                         

                             |Reawick and Skeld                                

                             |Nebister                                         

                             |Voe and Vidlin                                   

                             |Fair Isle                                        

                             |West Burrafirth                                  

                                                                               

Strathclyde Region           |Ardrishaig                                       

                             |Auchalochy                                       

                             |Carradale                                        

                             |Clachan                                          

                             |Furnace                                          

                             |Muasdale                                         

                             |Tarbert                                          

                             |Tighnabruaich                                    

                             |Tiree                                            

                             |Afton                                            

                             |Castlehill                                       

                             |L. Spallander                                    

                             |Holehouse                                        

                             |Knockjarder                                      

                             |Millport                                         

                             |Muirkirk                                         

                             |Pundeavon                                        

                             |Glassford                                        

                             |Roughrigg                                        

                             |Asker                                            

                             |Belmore                                          

                             |Bowling                                          

                             |Burncrooks                                       

                             |Coulport                                         

                             |Craigielinn                                      

                             |Garshake                                         

                             |Kelly                                            

                             |Larkfield                                        

                             |Loch Sloy                                        

                             |Muirdykes                                        

                             |Stanley High                                     

                             |Lamlash                                          

                             |Bradan                                           

                             |Passford                                         

                             |Kilmory                                          

                             |Carrick Castle                                   

                             |Leanach                                          

                             |Cairnbaan                                        

                             |Kilmichael                                       

                             |Tayvallich                                       

                             |Saddell                                          

                             |Tayinloan                                        

                             |Whitehouse                                       

                             |Ballygrant                                       

                             |Portnahaven                                      

                             |Gigha                                            

                             |Luing                                            

                             |Bunessan                                         

                             |Lochdonhead                                      

                             |Iona                                             

                             |Ross of Mull                                     

                             |Loudonhill                                       

                             |Catacol                                          

                             |Lochranza                                        

                             |Tullochgorm                                      

                             |Kilberry                                         

                             |Claddich                                         

                             |Arinagour (Coll)                                 

                             |Nerabolls                                        

                                                                               

Tayside Region               |Camserney                                        

                             |Kinlock Rannoch                                  

                             |Acharn                                           

                                                                               

Western Isles                |Benbecula                                        

                             |Berneray                                         

                             |Castlebay                                        

                             |Eriskay                                          

                             |Howmore                                          

                             |Leverburgh                                       

                             |Lochboisdale                                     

                             |Lochmaddy                                        

                             |North Bay                                        

                             |Northton                                         

                             |Rodel                                            

                             |Scalpay                                          

                             |Sollas                                           

                             |Tarbert                                          

                             |Balallan                                         

                             |Leurbost                                         

                             |Tolsta Glen                                      

                             |Shior Thomas                                     

                             |Seilibost                                        

                             |Maaruig                                          

                             |Ardvourlie                                       

                             |10 unnamed supplies                              

                             |Stornoway (augmentation)                         

                             |Cliasmol                                         

                             |Meavaig                                          

Lennox Castle Hospital

Mr. Sillars : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland (1) what was the management structure at Lennox Castle hospital in November 1988 ; how many persons were in each post ; and if he will indicate the length of service of each person in the most senior posts ; (2) when the management structure at Lennox Castle hospital was last reviewed by Greater Glasgow health board.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : The senior management structure at Lennox Castle on 1 November 1988 comprised a sector administrator, a physician superintendent and a director of nursing services. The post holders had been in post for six months, one month and six years respectively.

This has now been superseded by new arrangements which were the subject of discussion by Greater Glasgow health board on 24 January 1989. The new management structure gives overall responsibility for all services in the mental handicap sector to a single person, the sector manager. He leads a management team of support services manager, nursing services manager and clinical services manager. That team will be supported by a development officer, personnel manager and management accountant. Of these seven posts, five appointments have now been made, including that of sector manager.

Mr. Sillars : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what were the principal findings of the Mental Welfare Commission report on conditions at Lennox Castle hospital.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Following a visit to four of the wards at Lennox Castle hospital on 9 December, the


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commission informed Greater Glasgow health board of a number of points of concern. Details of these concerns are matters between the commission and the health board and have been the subject of discussion between them.

Mr. Sillars : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what representations he has received over the past five years from Greater Glasgow health board asking for substantial additional expenditure to be spent on Lennox Castle hospital.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : The board has included bids for expenditure at Lennox Castle in its annual capital plans since 1986 and made a separate representation in 1986 for additional resources. As a result upgrading of wards and other works have taken place at a cost of £3.8 million including a new 24-bed intensive care unit opened in June 1988. Moreover, I announced on 23 January 1989 my approval to the board's plans to spend £4.56 million on the redevelopment of Lennox Castle hospital.

Mr. Sillars : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland which committee or sub-committee of Greater Glasgow health board has a direct responsibility for oversight of Lennox Castle hospital.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Overall responsibility for the planning and quality of service provided in all the hospitals administered by Greater Glasgow health board rests with the board's policy and planning committee. Direct responsibility for oversight of the hospital rests with the management of the mental health unit.

Nursing

Mr. Galbraith : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will give for each health board the total number of appeals following the regrading exercise, the number completed and the number decided in favour of the nurse ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : This information is not held centrally.

Mr. Galbraith : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what instructions he has given to health boards on a date for the completion of (a) informal appeals and (b) formal appeals on nurse regrading ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Health boards have been asked to complete initial reviews of appeals by the end of February. There is no deadline for completing formal appeal hearings, but boards are expected to deal with appeals quickly as well as fairly.

Local Government Staff

Mr. Wray : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what is the total number of local government staff in Scotland for each year since 1975.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton : Quarterly figures for local authority manpower have been published jointly by the Scottish Office and the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities since 1976 and are available in the Library.

Prisons

Ms. Mowlam : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland how many people are currently being held in each prison, and in total ; and how many prison officers are currently in each prison, and in total.


Column 561

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton : The information requested by the hon. Member is set out in the table.


Establishment          |Inmates (at 27 January|Prison officers (at 27                       

                       |1989)                 |January 1989)                                

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aberdeen               |144                   |98                                           

Barlinnie              |956                   |446                                          

Barlinnie Special Unit |6                     |14                                           

Castle Huntly          |111                   |50                                           

Cornton Vale           |145                   |166                                          

Dumfries               |111                   |109                                          

Dungavel               |114                   |51                                           

Edinburgh              |641                   |361                                          

Friarton               |75                    |48                                           

Glenochil              |362                   |330                                          

Greenock               |171                   |145                                          

Inverness              |89                    |91                                           

Longriggend            |214                   |147                                          

Low Moss               |344                   |110                                          

Noranside              |97                    |50                                           

Penninghame            |67                    |27                                           

Perth                  |454                   |291                                          

Peterhead              |129                   |244                                          

Polmont                |363                   |225                                          

Shotts                 |427                   |286                                          

                       |-----                 |-----                                        

Total                  |5,020                 |3,289                                        

Note: The prison officers referred to in the table cover all uniformed discipline and       

specialist staff.                                                                           

Labour Statistics

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what was the number of jobs lost in manufacturing and in the service section in Greenock and Port Glasgow in each of the past five years.

Mr. Lang : Information is not available in the precise form requested. The information set out in the table relates to the number of redundancies involving 10 or more workers confirmed to the Training Agency as occurring in the Greenock travel-to-work-area, which includes Port Glasgow, in each year from 1984 to 1988.


Confirmed redundancies in the Greenock                  

travel-to-work-area,                                    

1984-88                                                 

              |Manufacturing|Services                   

--------------------------------------------------------

1984          |2,466        |22                         

1985          |1,593        |92                         

1986          |973          |90                         

1987          |352          |39                         

1988<1>       |72           |3                          

<1> Figures for 1988 are provisional.                   

Sand Eels (Conservation)

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland on what basis his Department will decide on the appropriateness of conservation measures for the Shetland sand eel fishery if it proves difficult both to estimate the maximum sustainable yield and to advise on an appropriate total allowable catch for the Shetland sand eel stock ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : The health of the Shetland sand eel stocks depends to a very large extent on the levels of recruitment of juvenile fish, which fluctuate because of natural factors, as well as the level of the fishery. Below a certain level of stock size recruitment levels are likely to be affected by the abundance of spawning fish and the prime


Column 562

objective, so far as possible, will be to maintain the spawning stock above the critical level. The Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland will be discussing with industry representatives possible conservation measures.

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list the percentage of O and 1 group sand eels in catches from Shetland waters in each month of each of the past five years.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : The information requested is given in the table.


Percentage of 0- and 1- Group Sand Eels 

by weight                               

          |1984|1985|1986|1987|1988     

----------------------------------------

March                                   

0-group   |-   |-   |-   |-             

1-group   |-   |-   |-   |94.8|11.1     

April                                   

0-group   |-   |-   |-   |-   |-        

1-group   |42.7|69.1|27.2|64.4|2.1      

May                                     

0-group   |-   |-   |-   |-   |-        

1-group   |28.6|37.7|18.6|65.7|6.1      

June                                    

0-group   |17.0|2.7 |13.3|1.3 |6.2      

1-group   |34.2|38.7|20.8|61.3|5.3      

July                                    

0-group   |50.6|23.6|62.4|27.3|93.6     

1-group   |29.5|21.5|32.4|49.5|0.5      

August                                  

0-group   |75.4|55.9|45.8|40.3|64.3     

1-group   |13.2|25.1|18.8|32.2|5.0      

September                               

0-group   |87.3|84.3|92.1|78.5|86.6     

1-group   |9.5 |8.9 |4.6 |9.0 |4.6      

October                                 

0-group   |<1>-|<1>-|97.7|2.6 |<1>-     

1-group   |<1>-|<1>-|22.3|22.8|<1>-     

<1> -No sampling-catches very small.    

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland on how many occasions in 1988 catches of fishing vessels attempting to land sand eels from Shetland waters were found to exceed 25 per cent. by weight of fish of less than 3 in long ; what was the percentage of small sand eels in any such catches ; what was the method of disposal for these catches ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Of the 42 samples examined during 1988, two contained more than 25 per cent. by weight of sand eels less than 7.5 cm ; the percentage of small sand eels was 26.5 and 37.9 respectively ; and both catches were sent for reduction to meal and oil. Sampling data are not, however, comprehensive. The level of incidence of small sand eels in catches may depend on recruitment levels, the effects of the voluntary restrictions on catches of small sand eels, or both.

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will outline the steps taken by his Department to monitor the voluntary measures taken by Shetland fishermen to reduce the catches of the youngest sand eels in Shetland waters ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Regular samples are provided voluntarily to scientists of the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland. The number of landings sampled each month since the voluntary restrictions were introduced are as follows :


Column 563




          |1987|1988     

-------------------------

March     |1   |1        

April     |14  |4        

May       |9   |16       

June      |9   |11       

July      |11  |2        

August    |6   |4        

September |1   |4        

October   |1   |-        

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what has been the level of recruitment of sand eels to (a) the Shetland population, (b) the northern North sea, north of 5630 N, and (c) the southern North sea in each of the past five years ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : The information requested is given in the table.


Thousand millions of     

O-group sand eels at 1   

July                     

      ShetlandNortSouther

          of 5630'N     

     |(1)|(2)|(1)|(1)    

-------------------------

1984 |21 |29 |47 |148    

1985 |10 |21 |255|653    

1986 |36 |19 |202|138    

1987 |-  |2  |-  |-      

1988 |-  |21 |-  |-      

Source:                  

(1) International        

Council for the          

Exploration of the Seas. 

(2) Department of        

Agriculture and          

Fisheries for Scotland ( 

new assessments);        

figures for 1987 and     

1988 are provisional.    

The very low figure for Shetland for 1987 reflects the incidence of the poorest year class since the fishery began in 1974. The 1988 year class is also thought to be below the average over the period 1974-86. Scientific assessment indicates that recruitment is affected primarily by natural factors affecting the first six months of sand eel life, and that the decline in stocks has not been caused primarily by the commercial fishery.

Rating Reform

Mr. Kennedy : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list in the Official Report those medical sources from which he sought advice over the desirability of including Alzheimer's disease in the list of exempted conditions for poll tax purposes ; what is the medical definiton of the "fluctuating nature" to which he referred in the Official Report, 1 February, column 281 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lang : My right hon. and learned Friend receives medical advice from the chief medical officer, Scottish Home and Health Department, and his staff. People with degenerative mental disorders such as Alzheimer's disease have a gradual onset of their condition leading to a progressive decline in all aspects of mental functioning. Fluctuations in the level of mental functioning may occur during the natural progression of the degenerative condition and may also occur if the person develops an additional illness.

Mr. Wray : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what are the latest estimates of the cost of collecting the community charge for each one of the regions in Scotland ; and what is the present cost of collecting the rates.

Mr. Lang : All regional councils in Scotland will have included an estimate of the cost of collecting the


Column 564

community charge in the budgets which they have now set for 1989-90. Full details of their budgets have not yet been submitted to the Scottish Office.

The latest estimate of the cost to each regional council of collecting the rates are contained in their budgets for 1988-89 and are set out in the table.


                      |£ million          

------------------------------------------

Borders               |0.669              

Central               |1.155              

Dumfries and Galloway |0.743              

Fife                  |1.279              

Grampian              |<1>2.146           

Highland              |0.936              

Lothian               |6.258              

Strathclyde           |10.005             

Tayside               |2.767              

<1> Excludes lands valuation, for which   

Grampian did not make a separate          

estimate.                                 

Forestry

Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will provide the latest available breakdown of the hectarage planted, approved for planting and awaiting approval for planting under the woodland grant scheme for each of the Forestry Commission's conservancies.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton : The information--covering the period from 15 June 1988, when the woodland grant scheme was first opened to applications, to 31 December 1988--is as follows :


Hectares                                                                                                                     

Conservancy              |Planting<1> for which   |Area approved for       |Area awaiting approval                           

                         |grants have been paid<2>|planting<1>             |for planting<1>                                  

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

North England            |-                       |550                     |1,570                                            

East England             |-                       |829                     |4,373                                            

West England             |-                       |577                     |1,300                                            

Wales                    |-                       |505                     |905                                              

North Scotland           |53                      |2,828                   |9,744                                            

Mid Scotland             |11                      |1,489                   |2,635                                            

South Scotland           |1                       |1,561                   |3,265                                            

                         |-------                 |-------                 |-------                                          

Total                    |65                      |8,339                   |23,792                                           

<1> Including replanting.                                                                                                    

<2> These figures do not include planting that had taken place but on which grants had not been paid by 31 December 1988,    

since this information is not readily available.                                                                             

Farm Workers

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland how many (a) farmers and (b) farm workers were employed in each county in Scotland in June 1988.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : As a result of local government reform, counties ceased to be used for agricultural statistics purposes after 1975. My noble Friend wrote to the hon. Member last December to provide him with information about the numbers of farmers and farm workers employed in each region in Scotland in June 1988.

New Towns

Mr. Ingram : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will publish the responses received on the consultation document, "The Scottish New Towns--Maintaining the Momentum."


Column 565

Mr. Lang : No. I made clear at the meeting with representatives of SLANT (Scottish Local Authorities with New Towns) and those members representing Scottish new towns, held on 1 February 1989, that copies of the responses received would be available in each of the new towns towards the end of February.

Neilston Primary School

Mr. Allan Stewart : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what representations he has received concerning the case for an extension to Neilston primary school ; what response he has made ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : I have considered carefully the representations made by my hon. Friend and the parents and community representatives following the meeting which he kindly arranged about the need for an extension to Neilston primary school. Strathclyde regional council has recently requested that provision be made for a four-classroom extension in its capital allocation for 1989-90, and I expect this request to be considered sympathetically. Authorities should be informed shortly of their capital allocations for next year.

Road Accidents

Mr. Malcolm Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland (1) how many accidents involving death or injury have occurred per vehicle mile on the A74 for each year since 1980 ;

(2) how many accidents involving death and injury have occurred per vehicle mile on the A96 for each year since 1980.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 10 January 1989] : The accident rate is expressed as the number of injury (including fatal) accidents per million vehicle kilometers. The figures for the A74 trunk (south) and the A96 trunk in each year since 1982 are as follows :


                  |A74 trunk (south)|A96 trunk                          

------------------------------------------------------------------------

1982              |0.156            |0.517                              

1983              |0.135            |0.523                              

1984              |0.145            |0.484                              

1985              |0.125            |0.442                              

1986              |0.144            |0.432                              

1987              |0.135            |0.453                              

In comparing these figures it should be remembered that the A74 is a dual carriageway and the A96 is an almost entirely single carriageway road. The annual traffic levels are estimates based on limited samples and are subject to a fairly wide margin of error. The A74 trunk (south) is south of the M74. Accident rates are not available for 1980 and 1981 or for other parts of the A74 and A96.

Mr. Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland (1) how many people have been (a) killed and (b) injured on the A74 for each year since 1980 ;

(2) how many people have been (a) killed and (b) injured on the A96 for each year since 1980.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 10 January] : The information requested, along with additional information to clarify this answer and answers to related questions, is as follows.


Column 566


                  |A74 trunk (north)|A74 trunk (south)|A74 total        |A96 trunk        |A96 total                          

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) Number of fatal casualties                                                                                                

1980              |-                |4                |8                |19               |21                                 

1981              |-                |12               |17               |14               |15                                 

1982              |-                |11               |15               |15               |16                                 

1983              |-                |11               |13               |11               |12                                 

1984              |1                |7                |14               |5                |6                                  

1985              |1                |10               |18               |12               |14                                 

1986              |-                |18               |23               |15               |15                                 

1987              |-                |17               |19               |8                |9                                  

                                                                                                                              

(b) Number of serious and slight casualties                                                                                   

1980              |26               |184              |312              |334              |388                                

1981              |21               |126              |261              |325              |379                                

1982              |23               |137              |298              |349              |411                                

1983              |30               |130              |271              |339              |380                                

1984              |21               |148              |281              |330              |389                                

1985              |30               |146              |321              |295              |332                                

1986              |38               |188              |305              |320              |372                                

1987              |53               |164              |271              |289              |326                                

The A74 trunk (north), length 5.3 km, is north of the M74 ; and the A74 trunk (south), length 93 km, is south of the M74. The A74 and A96 totals include non-trunk sections of road. In comparing the figures for the A74 and A96, it should be remembered that the A74 is a dual carriageway and the A96 is a 166 km, almost entirely single carriageway, road.

House Building

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland how many houses were built to be rented in the public sector in each year since 1979 in (a) Inverclyde, (b) Strathclyde and (c) Scotland as a whole.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 26 January 1989] : The information set out in the table is for houses completed by local authorities, new towns, Scottish Special Housing Association and Government Departments for the years in question. These figures could contain some houses built for sale.


C|Public Sector (Excluding Housing Associations)            

New houses completed                                        

Year        |Inverclyde |Strathclyde|Scotland               

------------------------------------------------------------

1979        |64         |3,377      |8,063                  

1980        |8          |2,518      |7,488                  

1981        |-          |3,419      |7,066                  

1982        |26         |1,426      |3,733                  

1983        |-          |1,035      |3,492                  

1984        |-          |840        |2,647                  

1985        |30         |928        |2,828                  

1986        |-          |609        |2,301                  

1987        |81         |518        |2,630                  

<1>1988     |-          |657        |<2>2,138               

<1> January-September.                                      

<2> Returns outstanding from 10 districts.                  

NHS Hospitals (Glasgow)

Mr. Wray : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list all the National Health Service Greater Glasgow hospitals and the latest figures for the waiting lists in each of them.

Mr. Michael Forsyth [holding answer 30 January 1989] : The latest waiting list figures for all National Health


Column 567

Service hospitals in Greater Glasgow are set out in the table. The mean waiting time for in-patients in 1987 was 73.7 days and for day cases was 47.8 days.


NHS Hospitals in Greater Glasgow HB: Patients waiting at 31          

March 1988<1>                                                        

Hospital                            |Inpatients|Day Cases            

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Beatson Oncology Centre             |-         |-                    

Belvidere Hospital                  |61        |-                    

Birdston Hospital                   |-         |-                    

Blawarthill Hospital                |-         |-                    

Broomhill and Lanfine Hospital      |-         |-                    

Canniesburn Hospital                |1,999     |-                    

Childrens Home Hospital             |-         |-                    

Cowglen Hospital                    |126       |-                    

Darnley Hospital                    |3         |-                    

Drumchapel Hospital                 |-         |-                    

Duke St. Hospital                   |2         |-                    

Duntocher Hospital                  |-         |-                    

Gartloch Hospital                   |56        |-                    

Gartnavel General Hospital          |1,203     |26                   

Gartnaval Royal Hospital            |47        |-                    

Glasgow Dental Hospital and School  |-         |-                    

Glasgow Eye Infirmary               |-         |-                    

Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital        |20        |-                    

Glasgow Royal Infirmary             |4,650     |-                    

Glasgow Royal Maternity Hospital    |-         |-                    

Glasgow Western Infirmary           |1,515     |-                    

Knightswood Hospital                |10        |-                    

Lennox Castle Hospital              |6         |-                    

Lenzie Hospital-Beechwood Extension |-         |-                    

Leverndale Hospital                 |9         |-                    

Lightburn Hospital                  |96        |-                    

Mearnskirk General Hospital         |-         |-                    

Parkhead Hospital                   |-         |-                    

Philipshill Hospital                |534       |-                    

Queen Mother's Hospital             |-         |-                    

RHSC Drumchapel                     |-         |-                    

Royal Beatson Memorial Hospital     |-         |-                    

Royal Hospital for Sick Children    |1,407     |-                    

Royal Samaritan Hospital            |358       |-                    

Ruchill Hospital                    |-         |-                    

Rutherglen Maternity Hospital       |-         |-                    

Southern General Hospital           |1,807     |69                   

Southern General Psychiatric Unit   |-         |-                    

Stobhill Hospital                   |2,124     |-                    

Stoneyetts Hospital                 |-         |-                    

Victoria Infirmary                  |1,239     |127                  

Waverley Park Hospital              |-         |-                    

Woodilee Hospital                   |113       |-                    

                                    |------    |------               

Greater Glasgow Health Board Total  |17,385    |222                  

<1> The alerted statistical system on which these figures are        

collected is explained in ISD statistical bulletin 1/88.             

Mr. Foulkes : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will commission the Scottish universities research and reactor centre to undertake aerial surveys, similar to that just undertaken in West Cumbria, for all areas in Scotland near to nuclear establishments or where there has been radioactive fall out.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 30 January 1989] : Radioactivity in the environment near


Column 568

nuclear establishments is intensively monitored by the site operators as a condition of their authorisations to discharge radioactivity. The Scottish Development Department checks each operator's results and undertakes additional independent monitoring to confirm them. Aerial surveys would not contribute materially to the normal monitoring process. However, the Scottish Office is interested in the possible use in emergencies of the aerial surveillance system developed and deployed by the Scottish universities research and reactor centre and will be discussing this with the centre.

Mr. Foulkes : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will give the latest available information on levels of radioactivity in (a) fish in lochs (b) hares and rabbits and (c) other animals in south-west Scotland.

Mr. Michael Forsyth [holding answer 30 January 1989] : Information on the level of radioactivity in fish and animals in Scotland resulting from the Chernobyl accident is published on a regular basis by the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland. For the south- west of Scotland the latest measured levels for fish range from 15 bq/kg to 737 bq/kg, for hare from 165 bq/kg to 4,530 bq/kg and for rabbits from 20 bq/kg to 155 bq/kg. Monitoring of hare and rabbit was discontinued in 1987 as the reading in these animals, which form a relatively small part of most people's diet, gave no cause for concern. Levels in deer range from 2 bq/kg to 2,740 bq/kg.

Chemical Hazardous Waste

Mr. Kirkwood : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what new plans he has to deal with the future disposal of chemical hazardous waste.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 31 January 1989] : We have recently consulted widely on proposals to strengthen controls on waste disposal in Scotland, and will announce our conclusions shortly. We expect to issue two further consultation papers on aspects of waste disposal within the next few weeks. We are also reviewing the Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1980 and the Control of Pollution (Licensing of Waste Disposal) (Scotland) Regulations 1977.

A96

Mrs. Margaret Ewing : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland how many fatal road accidents have occurred on the A96 trunk road between Aberdeen and Inverness in each of the past five years and in 1989 to date, indicating the number of fatalities in each accident.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 1 February 1989] : The information requested for the A96 trunk road is as follows :


Column 567


         TotNumber of faTotal

            accidents by numb

            fatal casualties 

            accident         

-----------------------------

           |1 |2 |3 |4       

1983    |10|9 |1 |- |- |11   

1984    |4 |3 |1 |- |- |5    

1985    |12|12|- |- |- |12   

1986    |12|11|- |- |1 |15   

1987    |8 |8 |- |- |- |8    

<1>1988 |10|10|- |- |- |10   

<1> To August.               

Statistics on accidents are available centrally only to August 1988.

Mrs. Margaret Ewing : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland when he expects to complete his survey on accident blackspots on the A96 ; and if he will make a statement.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 1 February 1989] : The Scottish Development Department will provide both Highland and Grampian regional councils with a detailed brief next month in order that they may carry forward studies of the A96. This work will include examination of the route as a whole to determine where accident remedial schemes should be introduced. It is not possible to say precisely when the studies will be completed but they may take a year or so. The hon. Member will, however, wish to know that road safety measures will shortly be completed between Oyne Fork and Pitcaple which was previously identified as the worst accident spot on the route.

Mrs. Margaret Ewing : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what budget allocation he has set aside for improvements to the A96 in each of the next five years.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 1 February 1989] : Last December, I met members and officials of Highland and Grampian regional councils to discuss their request for improvements to the A96 trunk road. As a result of that meeting studies of the A96 are being extended to identify, along the entire route, possible accident remedial schemes and schemes to improve overtaking opportunities. When this work, to be carried out by both regional councils as the Secretary of State's agents for the trunk road, is complete I will be able to formulate an overall strategy and consider expenditure provision.

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD

Salmonella

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will publish in the Official Report his letter of 11 August 1988 informing the Agriculture and Food Research Council of his decision to terminate the research work being undertaken into salmonella at Bristol.

Mr. Ryder : I did not write to the Agriculture and Food Research Council Institute of Food Research on 11 August 1988, but a member of my staff did and the hon. Member may be aware of the contents of that letter.

The letter recorded agreement by my Department and the institute to phase out support for four research projects.

The first is a project on the manipulation of the microbial flora of the gut of young chickens in order to control salmonella in broiler hens. My hon. Friend the Parliamentary Secretary explained the reasons for terminating the funding of this project in answer to a question from the hon. Member for Carmarthen (Mr. Williams) on 15 December, Official Report, column 653. The second project relates to bacteria on meat and food-borne illnesses. This was a basic research project, the short-term objectives of which were completed. The longer


Column 570

term objectives have been incorporated into a revised programme of microbiological research in the Institute of Food Research. The third project related to the development of methods for determining authenticity, adulteration and origin of food and beverages. This was terminated because of the slow progress and the ability of other contractors to carry forward the work. The final project referred to in the letter related to the processing of potato tubers and was terminated in line with the institute's commitment to reduce efforts in commodity-led research and in the light of the fact that the Ministry was pursuing related research at other centres. The decisions reached on these four projects need to be viewed in the context of the decision to increase the funding of the institute's programme on food safety from £740,000 this year to £849, 000 in the next financial year.

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether the protein processing plants that were found to be contaminated with salmonella in 1987 and 1988 were allowed to continue selling feedstuffs within the time limits imposed upon them for producing a salmonella-free product ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Donald Thompson : Until recently, statutory provisions did not exist to prevent the supply of processed animal protein from premises where salmonella had been detected by testing samples of the product. An amendment order to the Diseases of Animals (Protein Processing) Order 1981 came into operation on 2 February and provides Ministry inspectors with such powers.

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will list the number of incidents of salmonella duldin in cattle in each of the last 10 years.

Mr. Donald Thompson : The number of incidents of salmonella duldin in cattle in each of the last 10 years is as follows :


       |Number       

---------------------

1979   |566          

1980   |498          

1981   |435          

1982   |556          

1983   |586          

1984   |424          

1985   |511          

1986   |463          

1987   |544          

1988   |<1>502       

<1> Provisional.     

Mr. Boswell : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on his decision to withdraw research funds from the work at the Institute of Food Research on competitive exclusion as a method of controlling salmonella in poultry.

Mr. MacGregor : Work on competitive exclusion at Bristol, which has been in progress for more than a decade, has reached the point where successful trials have been carried out in commercial production units. Following appraisal by representatives of MAFF and AFRC, it was recognised that the principle of competitive exclusion has been established as a method of control relevant to salmonella in poultry. It was concluded that the technique


Column 571

was ready for adoption by industry under appropriate circumstances and with suitable safeguards to prevent the introduction or spread of disease. Major poultry firms are aware of this work at Bristol. It is for industry to decide whether to adopt the technique for commercial application.

I have now received the report of a joint MAFF, DoH and British Egg Industry Council working group report on salmonella and eggs dealing with research into this area and am considering its recommendations urgently. I have placed a copy in the Library of the House. We are already funding an extensive programme of research relevant to control of salmonella in poultry as follows :

Current Work on Salmonella SPP Title

Risk and Hazard Analysis in Egg Infections

Thermal Destruction of Salmonella enteritidis Phase Type 4 in the Domestic Cooking of Food Containing Eggs

Manipulation of the Microbial Flora of the Gut of Young Chicks to Control Salmonellas in Broilers

Survival and Growth of Salmonellae and Bacillus subtilis in Baking Ingredients

Salmonella Shedding in Poultry

Serological Diagnosis of Salmonella enteritidis Infection Plasmid Profile Analysis of Salmonella enteritidis

Development of a Salmonella enteritidis Vaccine to Prevent Salmonella Infections in Chickens

Salmonella Service : Bacteria Typing, Surveillance and Work Under the Protein Processing Order

Work being carried out under the Zoonosis Order and in Collaboration with PHLS

Development of Immunoassays for the Rapid Detection of Food Poisoning Organisms

Growth Characteristics of Food Poisoning Organisms at Sub-lethal Temperatures

Microbial Antagonism to Increase the Safety and Stability of Chilled Foods

Low Sodium Chloride Foods/Microbiological Safety and Technological Characteristics

Modes of Action and Interaction of Preservatives on Micro-organisms

Detection of Sub-lethal Injury in Micro-organisms

Use of Non-radioactive DNA Probes for the Detection of Pathogenic Bacteria in Food

Enzyme-linked Immunological Biosensors for Detection and Identification of Pathogenic Bacteria in Food

Bacteria and Hygiene in Abattoirs

Bacteria on Meat and Food-borne Illness

Define Factors Controlling Microbial Growth and Develop Predictive Models

Microbiological Safety of Chilled Foods Including Salads Microbiological Hazards in Domestic and Institutional Handling of Food

Determination of Food Constituents and Contaminants by ELISA Electron Transfer Coupling as a Rapid Method for Assessment of Bacterial Contamination

Factors Determining Intestinal Colonisation by Salmonella Investigating the Basis of Virulance of the Salmonella Genus Variation in Virulence of Salmonellas, Host Responses to Infection, Novel Vaccines and Strategies for Use

Salmonellosis in Cattle--To determine the epidemiology in order that methods to minimise the spread and effects of infection can be formulated and applied

Heat Induced Thermotolerance in Food Poisoning Organisms Survey of Bacteriological Quality of Goats Milk

Lysozyme Destruction of Gram Negative Organisms in Chicken and Red Meat

Bacteriological Hazards of Large Meat Roasts in Catering and Long Storage of Chilled Foods in Catering

Effects of Heat, Cold, Drying, Radiation on Bacteria and their Recovery and Growth

Food Safety by Predicting Microbial Growth


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