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Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what proportion of 18 to


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24-year-olds have secured a non-degree place in (i) universities, (ii) polytechnics and (iii) colleges of further education for each of the last 10 years.

Mr. Jackson : Readily available information for years 1979, 1983 and 1987 are shown in the following table.


Percentage of 18 to 24-year-olds entering         

sub-degree higher                                 

education courses, Great Britain                  

                           Academic year          

                           beginning in           

                          |1979 |1983 |1987       

--------------------------------------------------

University                |0.006|0.004|0.004      

Polytechnics and colleges |0.460|0.570|0.560      

Higher and Further Education (Staff)

Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many academic and non-academic staff in higher education have (i) taken early retirement and (ii) accepted redundancy for each of the past 10 years ; and what was the total cost for each year.

Mr. Jackson : The information requested is only partially available.

For universities in Great Britain, 4,400 academic and academic-related staff and 2,770 non-academic staff took early retirement during the currency of the University Grants Committee's 1981-84 premature retirement compensation scheme at a total cost of £153 million. During the present 1986-91 restructuring programme, the Committee estimates that some 2,760 academic and academic-related staff and 870 non-academic staff will take early retirement with compensation at a cost of £122 million.

Estimates of HE lecturers taking premature retirement from polytechnics and colleges maintained or assisted by local education authorities in England are available only as follows :


        |Number       

----------------------

1982-83 |800          

1983-84 |840          

1984-85 |950          

1985-86 |930          

1986-87 |930          

In those years, local education authorities claimed reimbursement from the premature retirement compensation pool of the following expenditure on the costs of prematurely retiring HE staff in their institutions :


          |£ million          

------------------------------

1982-83   |3.4                

1983-84   |6.2                

1984-85   |6.4                

1985-86   |8.5                

1986-87   |10.7               

For voluntary and direct grant colleges (excluding the Royal College of Art and Cranfield Institute of Technology), expenditure on redundancy and early retirement of academic and non-academic staff since 1982 has been as follows :


Financial year |£ million                    

---------------------------------------------

1982-83        |0.767                        

1983-84        |0.727                        

1984-85        |1.170                        

1985-86        |0.782                        

1986-87        |0.697                        

1987-88        |0.695                        

Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what was the staff-student ratio for each of the last 10 years in (a) universities, (b) polytechnics, and (c) colleges of further education.

Mr. Jackson : The data required are given below. Figures for polytechnics and other maintained establishments cover England and figures for universities cover Great Britain.


Student:staff ratios (SSR)                                                           

                 |Universities    |Polytechnics    |Other maintained                 

                                                   |establishments                   

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1978-79          |9.3             |<1>8.3          |<2>7.6                           

1979-80          |9.3             |8.4             |8.8                              

1980-81          |9.4             |8.8             |8.8                              

1981-82          |9.7             |9.7             |9.0                              

1982-83          |10.1            |10.3            |9.3                              

1983-84          |10.2            |11.1            |9.4                              

1984-85          |10.3            |11.6            |9.8                              

1985-86          |10.3            |12.0            |10.2                             

1986-87          |10.5            |12.4            |10.6                             

1987-88<3>       |10.7            |12.9            |10.8                             

<1> Higher education SSR only.                                                       

<2> Includes Welsh colleges.                                                         

<3> Provisional.                                                                     

National Advisory Body

Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what was his Department's total allocation to the National Advisory Body for each year since 1982.

Mr. Jackson : The National Advisory Body for Public Sector Higher Education (NAB) advised the Secretary of State for Education and Science on the allocation of the capped Advanced Further Education (AFE) pool. Since 1982 the AFE pool has been determined by the Secretary of State as follows :


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Financial year        |Total capped AFE pool                      

------------------------------------------------------------------

1982-83               |539.0                                      

1983-84               |560.5                                      

1984-85               |580.5                                      

1985-86               |620.0                                      

1986-87               |661.0                                      

1987-88               |716.5                                      

1988-89               |781.0                                      

University Grants Committee

Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what was his Department's total allocation to the University Grants Committee for each of the last 10 years.

Mr. Jackson : Recurrent and capital grants made to universities in Great Britain on the advice of the University Grants Committee have been :


Financial years |£ million                      

------------------------------------------------

1979-80         |816.3                          

1980-81         |1,040.8                        

1981-82         |1,071.1                        

1982-83         |1,283.0                        

1983-84         |1,325.3                        

1984-85         |1,359.9                        

1985-86         |1,400.8                        

1986-87         |1,450.3                        

1987-88         |1,592.8                        

1988-89         |<1>1,725.0                     

<1> Estimated                                   

Students

Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what was total Government spending (a) per student and (b) per graduate for each of the last 10 years.

Mr. Jackson : The available data are listed below. The figures show the net institutional expenditure per student in universities (Great Britain), polytechnics (England) and in further education and higher education at other maintained establishments (OMEs) in England.


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Net institutional expenditure<1> per student                                                                                                      

                 Financial year                                                                                                                   

                |1978-79<3> £|1979-80 £   |1980-81 £   |1981-82 £   |1982-93 £   |1983-84 £   |1984-85 £   |1985-86 £   |1986-87 £                

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Universities    |5,126       |5,139       |5,541       |5,361       |5,508       |5,541       |5,516       |5,351       |5,276                    

Polytechnics<2> |2,153       |2,506       |2,988       |3,121       |3,157       |2,990       |3,030       |3,150       |3,325                    

OMES (FE)<2>    |1,166       |1,335       |1,644       |1,898       |1,924       |2,095       |2,190       |2,320       |2,430                    

OMES (HE)<2>    |1,807       |2,069       |2,548       |2,725       |2,822       |3,010       |3,120       |3,020       |3,170                    

<1> The figures for universities are based on recurrent expenditure financed by UGC grants and tuition fee income for home and overseas students. 

The figures for polytechnics and OMEs are net recurrent institutional expenditure per full-time equivalent student. Institutional expenditure     

includes direct and indirect costs of providing tuition but excludes financing cost of capital expenditure.                                       

<2> Standard weightings have been used to calculate numbers of full-time equivalent students.                                                     

<3> The polytechnics and OMEs figures for 1978-79 cover England and Wales.                                                                        

Provisional estimates of costs per qualifier are available only for higher education as a whole in calendar year 1984.


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Current expenditure per HE qualifier (United Kingdom): 1984           

                                                        |£            

----------------------------------------------------------------------

All expenditure                                         |14,700       

Excluding student support and welfare                   |11,700       

Excluding student support and welfare, and research and               

   development                                          |9,100        


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Third World Development

Sir John Stanley : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what are his Department's responsibilities for the financial support and furtherance of education on Third world development issues in schools, universities and through the media ; and in what specific ways those responsibilities are currently being discharged.

Mr. Jackson : Education on Third world development issues in the school curriculum is covered by section 1 of the Education Reform Act 1988, to the extent that it helps to contribute to the moral and cultural development of pupils in preparing them for the opportunities, responsibilities and experience of adult life. The United Kingdom Education Departments provide an annual grant of some £40,000 to support the activities of the Council for Education in World Citizenship, which organises conferences for schools and colleges and distributes material on third world issues amongst others.

My right hon. Friend grant-aids the Standing Conference on Education for International Understanding currently at the rate of £6,000 a year, to promote education on international understanding at all levels of the education service.

Universities receive public funds on the advice of the University Grants Committee. Drawing on these and other funds at their disposal they make the provision they judge appropriate for Third world development studies.

Grant-maintained Status

Mr. Roger King : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will make a statement on the procedures under the Education Reform Act 1988 relating to applications by schools for grant-maintained status.

Mr. Kenneth Baker : I am concerned at suggestions that some local education authorities may be seeking to deter or hinder governing bodies and parents from exercising the rights given to them under the Education Reform Act to seek grant-maintained status for their children's school. My Department will therefore be writing in the near future to all local education authorities to draw their attention to their responsibilities under the Education Acts. Copies of the letter will be placed in the Libraries of both Houses.

Teachers' Superannuation Scheme

Mr. Pawsey : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science when he expects to publish the


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Government Actuary's report on the teachers superannuation scheme for the period 1981 to 1986 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Kenneth Baker : As required under the Teachers' Superannuation Regulations I have arranged to lay the Government Actuary's report before both Houses today.

The report specifies a normal contribution rate of 13.3 per cent. and a supplementary contribution of 0.75 per cent.--a total of 14.05 per cent. The current contribution rates are 13.7 per cent. and 1.75 per cent. In accordance with the requirements of the regulations, therefore, there will be a reduction in employers' contributions of 1.4 per cent. from 1 April 1989.

The Government's plans for spending by local authorities on education, which I announced in November, assumed a reduction of about 1 per cent. in the rate of employers' contributions.

GCSE

Mr. Pawsey : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he yet has an indication of the effect of GCSE examinations on staying on in full-time education and on the attainments of those taking the examination ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Kenneth Baker : The preliminary indications are encouraging. There has been a significant increase, from 46 per cent. to 49 per cent. between 1987 and 1988, in the proportion of 16-year-olds staying on in full -time education. There has been a similar increase, from an estimated 25 per cent. to some 27.5 per cent. in the proportion of all 16-year-olds gaining five or more results at grade C or above in the GCSE compared with the equivalent examinations in the previous year ; and increases in the proportion of 16-year-old school leavers generally obtaining graded results. The increases have been particularly notable in French and in mathematics, for both sexes, and among girls in the physical sciences. Further details are contained in the tables.

The evidence from Her Majesty's Inspectorate and the School Examinations and Assessment Council is that the GCSE examining groups, and in particular their chief examiners, have been at pains to maintain in the GCSE the standards set in previous examinations. These results therefore strongly suggest that the improvements in teaching and learning learning observed by Her Majesty's Inspectorate have been reflected in higher levels of attainment in the GCSE. There is, however, undoubtedly room for further improvement at all levels of attainment. I look to schools, with the support of the examining groups and others concerned, to secure these.


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Annex A-Table 3                                                                                                             

School Leavers in England                                                                                                   

Examination achievements in the summer session of year of leaving for leavers aged 15                                       

Percentage of leavers achieving a grade result<1> in selected subjects                                                      

                                    |1981-82   |1982-83   |1983-84   |1984-85   |1985-86   |1986-87   |<2>1987-88           

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Boys (000's)                        |263.9     |267.4     |262.8     |259.8     |253.3     |255.2     |232.1                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

   English                          |72.9      |73.6      |73.7      |74.1      |73.7      |74.3      |75.5                 

   Maths                            |64.3      |64.8      |65.4      |66.0      |65.8      |67.0      |69.4                 

   Physics                          |37.7      |38.7      |37.1      |36.9      |36.0      |35.9      |35.5                 

   Chemistry                        |17.2      |18.1      |18.3      |18.5      |18.0      |18.8      |19.0                 

   Biology                          |18.3      |18.4      |19.1      |19.5      |18.8      |19.5      |17.8                 

   Craft, design, technology        |56.0      |56.0      |53.9      |53.0      |51.7      |49.5      |47.3                 

   Other science                    |14.0      |14.6      |15.0      |15.2      |15.1      |16.0      |18.7                 

   French                           |11.3      |12.2      |12.3      |13.4      |13.9      |14.8      |17.0                 

   History                          |26.1      |25.6      |25.5      |25.1      |24.9      |25.4      |24.6                 

   Geography                        |37.3      |38.4      |38.0      |38.1      |37.5      |37.7      |37.4                 

   Creative arts                    |28.1      |28.2      |28.3      |28.2      |28.3      |29.0      |28.9                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |9.2       |10.2      |11.3      |12.7      |13.4      |15.9      |17.8                 

                                                                                                                            

Girls (000's)                       |245.2     |247.1     |246.7     |244.5     |239.3     |241.1     |216.2                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

English                             |81.0      |82.6      |82.9      |82.8      |82.9      |83.1      |84.7                 

   Maths                            |65.4      |66.7      |67.1      |67.6      |67.2      |68.6      |70.4                 

   Physics                          |9.0       |10.4      |9.7       |10.7      |11.1      |11.5      |11.8                 

   Chemistry                        |11.9      |13.3      |13.9      |15.0      |15.3      |15.8      |16.2                 

   Biology                          |42.7      |44.8      |45.6      |45.1      |43.4      |43.1      |41.1                 

   Craft, design, technology        |5.4       |6.0       |5.7       |6.4       |8.0       |8.5       |11.3                 

   Other science                    |9.5       |10.4      |11.2      |11.3      |11.8      |13.2      |16.8                 

   French                           |27.8      |29.2      |29.4      |30.2      |30.2      |30.2      |33.0                 

   History                          |30.5      |30.4      |30.2      |28.9      |28.3      |27.5      |27.8                 

   Geography                        |28.2      |29.2      |28.3      |28.2      |27.9      |27.2      |27.7                 

   Creative arts                    |31.7      |32.4      |32.7      |33.3      |33.5      |34.9      |34.3                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |55.8      |56.4      |56.9      |55.6      |55.5      |56.2      |55.1                 

                                                                                                                            

Boys and Girls (000's)              |509.1     |514.5     |509.5     |504.3     |492.6     |496.3     |448.3                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

English                             |76.8      |78.0      |78.1      |78.3      |78.2      |78.6      |79.9                 

   Maths                            |64.9      |65.7      |66.2      |66.8      |66.5      |67.8      |69.9                 

   Physics                          |23.9      |25.1      |23.8      |24.2      |23.9      |24.1      |24.1                 

   Chemistry                        |14.6      |15.8      |16.2      |16.8      |16.7      |17.3      |17.7                 

   Biology                          |30.1      |31.1      |31.9      |31.9      |30.7      |31.0      |29.0                 

   Craft, design, technology        |31.6      |32.0      |30.6      |30.4      |30.5      |29.6      |29.9                 

   Other science                    |11.8      |12.6      |13.1      |13.3      |13.5      |14.7      |17.8                 

   French                           |19.3      |20.4      |20.6      |21.5      |21.8      |22.3      |24.7                 

   History                          |28.2      |27.9      |27.8      |27.0      |26.6      |26.4      |26.2                 

   Geography                        |32.9      |34.0      |33.3      |33.3      |32.8      |32.6      |32.7                 

   Creative arts                    |29.8      |30.2      |30.5      |30.6      |30.8      |31.9      |31.5                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |31.7      |32.4      |33.4      |33.5      |33.9      |35.5      |35.8                 

<1> A graded result is defined as GCSE grades A-G, or O level grades A-E and CSE grades 1-5.                                

<2> Provisional figures.                                                                                                    


Annex A-Table 3                                                                                                             

School Leavers in England                                                                                                   

Examination achievements in the summer session of year of leaving for leavers aged 15                                       

Percentage of leavers achieving a grade result<1> in selected subjects                                                      

                                    |1981-82   |1982-83   |1983-84   |1984-85   |1985-86   |1986-87   |<2>1987-88           

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Boys (000's)                        |263.9     |267.4     |262.8     |259.8     |253.3     |255.2     |232.1                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

   English                          |72.9      |73.6      |73.7      |74.1      |73.7      |74.3      |75.5                 

   Maths                            |64.3      |64.8      |65.4      |66.0      |65.8      |67.0      |69.4                 

   Physics                          |37.7      |38.7      |37.1      |36.9      |36.0      |35.9      |35.5                 

   Chemistry                        |17.2      |18.1      |18.3      |18.5      |18.0      |18.8      |19.0                 

   Biology                          |18.3      |18.4      |19.1      |19.5      |18.8      |19.5      |17.8                 

   Craft, design, technology        |56.0      |56.0      |53.9      |53.0      |51.7      |49.5      |47.3                 

   Other science                    |14.0      |14.6      |15.0      |15.2      |15.1      |16.0      |18.7                 

   French                           |11.3      |12.2      |12.3      |13.4      |13.9      |14.8      |17.0                 

   History                          |26.1      |25.6      |25.5      |25.1      |24.9      |25.4      |24.6                 

   Geography                        |37.3      |38.4      |38.0      |38.1      |37.5      |37.7      |37.4                 

   Creative arts                    |28.1      |28.2      |28.3      |28.2      |28.3      |29.0      |28.9                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |9.2       |10.2      |11.3      |12.7      |13.4      |15.9      |17.8                 

                                                                                                                            

Girls (000's)                       |245.2     |247.1     |246.7     |244.5     |239.3     |241.1     |216.2                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

English                             |81.0      |82.6      |82.9      |82.8      |82.9      |83.1      |84.7                 

   Maths                            |65.4      |66.7      |67.1      |67.6      |67.2      |68.6      |70.4                 

   Physics                          |9.0       |10.4      |9.7       |10.7      |11.1      |11.5      |11.8                 

   Chemistry                        |11.9      |13.3      |13.9      |15.0      |15.3      |15.8      |16.2                 

   Biology                          |42.7      |44.8      |45.6      |45.1      |43.4      |43.1      |41.1                 

   Craft, design, technology        |5.4       |6.0       |5.7       |6.4       |8.0       |8.5       |11.3                 

   Other science                    |9.5       |10.4      |11.2      |11.3      |11.8      |13.2      |16.8                 

   French                           |27.8      |29.2      |29.4      |30.2      |30.2      |30.2      |33.0                 

   History                          |30.5      |30.4      |30.2      |28.9      |28.3      |27.5      |27.8                 

   Geography                        |28.2      |29.2      |28.3      |28.2      |27.9      |27.2      |27.7                 

   Creative arts                    |31.7      |32.4      |32.7      |33.3      |33.5      |34.9      |34.3                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |55.8      |56.4      |56.9      |55.6      |55.5      |56.2      |55.1                 

                                                                                                                            

Boys and Girls (000's)              |509.1     |514.5     |509.5     |504.3     |492.6     |496.3     |448.3                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

English                             |76.8      |78.0      |78.1      |78.3      |78.2      |78.6      |79.9                 

   Maths                            |64.9      |65.7      |66.2      |66.8      |66.5      |67.8      |69.9                 

   Physics                          |23.9      |25.1      |23.8      |24.2      |23.9      |24.1      |24.1                 

   Chemistry                        |14.6      |15.8      |16.2      |16.8      |16.7      |17.3      |17.7                 

   Biology                          |30.1      |31.1      |31.9      |31.9      |30.7      |31.0      |29.0                 

   Craft, design, technology        |31.6      |32.0      |30.6      |30.4      |30.5      |29.6      |29.9                 

   Other science                    |11.8      |12.6      |13.1      |13.3      |13.5      |14.7      |17.8                 

   French                           |19.3      |20.4      |20.6      |21.5      |21.8      |22.3      |24.7                 

   History                          |28.2      |27.9      |27.8      |27.0      |26.6      |26.4      |26.2                 

   Geography                        |32.9      |34.0      |33.3      |33.3      |32.8      |32.6      |32.7                 

   Creative arts                    |29.8      |30.2      |30.5      |30.6      |30.8      |31.9      |31.5                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |31.7      |32.4      |33.4      |33.5      |33.9      |35.5      |35.8                 

<1> A graded result is defined as GCSE grades A-G, or O level grades A-E and CSE grades 1-5.                                

<2> Provisional figures.                                                                                                    


Annex A-Table 3                                                                                                             

School Leavers in England                                                                                                   

Examination achievements in the summer session of year of leaving for leavers aged 15                                       

Percentage of leavers achieving a grade result<1> in selected subjects                                                      

                                    |1981-82   |1982-83   |1983-84   |1984-85   |1985-86   |1986-87   |<2>1987-88           

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Boys (000's)                        |263.9     |267.4     |262.8     |259.8     |253.3     |255.2     |232.1                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

   English                          |72.9      |73.6      |73.7      |74.1      |73.7      |74.3      |75.5                 

   Maths                            |64.3      |64.8      |65.4      |66.0      |65.8      |67.0      |69.4                 

   Physics                          |37.7      |38.7      |37.1      |36.9      |36.0      |35.9      |35.5                 

   Chemistry                        |17.2      |18.1      |18.3      |18.5      |18.0      |18.8      |19.0                 

   Biology                          |18.3      |18.4      |19.1      |19.5      |18.8      |19.5      |17.8                 

   Craft, design, technology        |56.0      |56.0      |53.9      |53.0      |51.7      |49.5      |47.3                 

   Other science                    |14.0      |14.6      |15.0      |15.2      |15.1      |16.0      |18.7                 

   French                           |11.3      |12.2      |12.3      |13.4      |13.9      |14.8      |17.0                 

   History                          |26.1      |25.6      |25.5      |25.1      |24.9      |25.4      |24.6                 

   Geography                        |37.3      |38.4      |38.0      |38.1      |37.5      |37.7      |37.4                 

   Creative arts                    |28.1      |28.2      |28.3      |28.2      |28.3      |29.0      |28.9                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |9.2       |10.2      |11.3      |12.7      |13.4      |15.9      |17.8                 

                                                                                                                            

Girls (000's)                       |245.2     |247.1     |246.7     |244.5     |239.3     |241.1     |216.2                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

English                             |81.0      |82.6      |82.9      |82.8      |82.9      |83.1      |84.7                 

   Maths                            |65.4      |66.7      |67.1      |67.6      |67.2      |68.6      |70.4                 

   Physics                          |9.0       |10.4      |9.7       |10.7      |11.1      |11.5      |11.8                 

   Chemistry                        |11.9      |13.3      |13.9      |15.0      |15.3      |15.8      |16.2                 

   Biology                          |42.7      |44.8      |45.6      |45.1      |43.4      |43.1      |41.1                 

   Craft, design, technology        |5.4       |6.0       |5.7       |6.4       |8.0       |8.5       |11.3                 

   Other science                    |9.5       |10.4      |11.2      |11.3      |11.8      |13.2      |16.8                 

   French                           |27.8      |29.2      |29.4      |30.2      |30.2      |30.2      |33.0                 

   History                          |30.5      |30.4      |30.2      |28.9      |28.3      |27.5      |27.8                 

   Geography                        |28.2      |29.2      |28.3      |28.2      |27.9      |27.2      |27.7                 

   Creative arts                    |31.7      |32.4      |32.7      |33.3      |33.5      |34.9      |34.3                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |55.8      |56.4      |56.9      |55.6      |55.5      |56.2      |55.1                 

                                                                                                                            

Boys and Girls (000's)              |509.1     |514.5     |509.5     |504.3     |492.6     |496.3     |448.3                

Percentage with graded result in:                                                                                           

English                             |76.8      |78.0      |78.1      |78.3      |78.2      |78.6      |79.9                 

   Maths                            |64.9      |65.7      |66.2      |66.8      |66.5      |67.8      |69.9                 

   Physics                          |23.9      |25.1      |23.8      |24.2      |23.9      |24.1      |24.1                 

   Chemistry                        |14.6      |15.8      |16.2      |16.8      |16.7      |17.3      |17.7                 

   Biology                          |30.1      |31.1      |31.9      |31.9      |30.7      |31.0      |29.0                 

   Craft, design, technology        |31.6      |32.0      |30.6      |30.4      |30.5      |29.6      |29.9                 

   Other science                    |11.8      |12.6      |13.1      |13.3      |13.5      |14.7      |17.8                 

   French                           |19.3      |20.4      |20.6      |21.5      |21.8      |22.3      |24.7                 

   History                          |28.2      |27.9      |27.8      |27.0      |26.6      |26.4      |26.2                 

   Geography                        |32.9      |34.0      |33.3      |33.3      |32.8      |32.6      |32.7                 

   Creative arts                    |29.8      |30.2      |30.5      |30.6      |30.8      |31.9      |31.5                 

   Commercial and domestic subjects |31.7      |32.4      |33.4      |33.5      |33.9      |35.5      |35.8                 

<1> A graded result is defined as GCSE grades A-G, or O level grades A-E and CSE grades 1-5.                                

<2> Provisional figures.                                                                                                    

HEALTH

Organ Transplants

Mr. Galbraith : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will give for each of the last 10 years such information as he has of the total number of organ transplants in the United Kingdom and the number of overseas recipients.

Mr. Mellor : According to provisional information provided by the United Kingdom transplant service, the number of cadaveric transplants carried out within the NHS in the United Kingdom in 1988 was :


                     |Number       

-----------------------------------

Kidney               |1,544        

Heart and heart/lung |332          

Liver                |212          

Pancreas             |9            

Lung                 |3            

These figures will be subject to revision once final returns are received. Comparable figures for the years 1978-87 were given in my reply to the hon. Member for East Lothian (Mr. Home Robertson) on 22 December 1988 at columns 397-98.

The United Kingdom transplant service is currently unable to identify the number of overseas patients treated


Column 850

under reciprocal health agreements with other countries, but revised arrangements for collecting data to be introduced shortly should enable this information to be obtained in the future.

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will specify for each of the last 10 years how many instances there were of cadaveric kidneys being transplanted into non-entitled patients.

Mr. Freeman : Comprehensive information is not available. In 1988, 35 transplant operations were performed in the private sector using cadaveric kidneys surplus to requirements in the United States and imported by arrangement with the United Network for organ sharing.

Weil's Disease

Ms. Walley : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many case of Weil's disease have been treated over the last 10 years.

Mr. Freeman : Data on the number of cases treated are not available, but the number of cases in the last 10 years confirmed by the leptospira reference unit of the public health laboratory service is 444.


Column 851

Ms. Walley : To ask the Secretary of State for Health whether any advice has been given to district health authorities and general practitioners alerting them to be vigilant about Weil's disease.

Mr. Freeman : The Department has not issued any advice to district health authorities or general practitioners about Weil's disease. However, as the organism can enter the human body when cuts and abrasions or the membrane of nose, mouth or eye come into contact with contaminated water, members of inland sailing and canoeing clubs are issued with warning leaflets.

Waiting Lists

Mr. George Howarth : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what is his latest estimate of out-patient waiting lists in Mersey regional health authority area.

Mr. Mellor : We do not collect information about out-patient waiting times centrally.

Mr. George Howarth : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what were the in-patient waiting list figures for Mersey regional health authority in March 1988, 1987, and 1979.

Mr. Mellor : The information is given in the table.


In-patient waiting list, Mersey         

regional health authority               

Date          |Waiting list             

----------------------------------------

31 March 1979 |41,103                   

31 March 1987 |29,147                   

31 March 1988 |<1>31,031                

<1> On a comparable basis with previous 

statistics.                             

Broadmoor Special Hospital

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will list for each of the last five years the number of deaths that have occurred at Broadmoor special hospital ; what was the cause in each case ; how many of these deaths were investigated by a public inquiry ; what was the result in each case ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Freeman : I refer the hon. Member to my reply to him on 1 February at columns 275-76. The report of the public inquiry relating to the death of a patient on 6 July 1984 was published on 30 August 1985 and a copy is in the Library.

Abortions

Mr. Amess : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many abortions at 18 weeks or more gestation were performed during 1988 in cases of rape.

Mr. Freeman : As rape is not in itself a statutory ground for performing an abortion under the Abortion Act 1967, and is not required to be specified on the notification form by the certifying doctor, the exact number of notifications of abortions associated with rape is not available. However, in some cases the information is volunteered, and arrangements have been made to code separately and analyse all notification forms which mention rape from January 1987. Of the notification forms received by the end of August 1988 in respect of terminations performed in the first two quarters of 1988 at 18 completed weeks gestation or over, none mentioned rape.


Column 852

Schizophrenia

Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what is the latest figure for discharges from out-patient and day-patient attendances of persons with diagnoses of schizophrenic psychosis.

Mr. Freeman : I am sorry that I cannot give the hon. Member the information that he seeks. The information available centrally on out- patient and day care does not include diagnosis.

Guardians Ad Litem

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he proposes to enable guardians ad litem to have the power to see all records relating to the child they represent.

Mr. Mellor : Provisions on procedure to be added to the Children Bill by Government amendment will provide for access to records by guardians ad litem in accordance with paragraph 57(b) of the White Paper on "The Law on Child Care and Family Services" (Cm. 62).

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he proposes under the terms of the Children Bill [Lords] , that guardians ad litem for children who are not represented by solicitors would have to seek funding for expert opinions from the local authority.

Mr. Mellor : No.

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will ensure that the independence of guardians ad litem is maintained under the Children Bill [Lords] ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Mellor : I refer the hon. Member to the passages dealing with guardians ad litem in the Lord Chancellor's concluding speech on Second Reading of the Bill in another place on 6 December 1988 at columns 534-36, and his remarks in Committee on 19 January at columns 418-20.

Children Bill

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what provision is being made to prevent a child who is being provided with accommodation by a local authority under clause 17 of the Children Bill [Lords] from being removed without their consent and without warning by a person with parental responsibility for the child.

Mr. Mellor : In accordance with paragraphs 22 and 23 of the White Paper "The Law on Child Care and Family Services" (Cm. 62), the Bill does not require notice of intended removal to be given where children are being provided with accommodation under voluntary arrangements. The power of any person who has parental responsibility for a child to remove him from accommodation provided by or on behalf of the local authority under clause 17 does not apply where the child is aged 16 or over, by virtue of clause 17(10). The Lord Chancellor gave an outline of provisions enabling a person caring for the child to prevent removal in extreme situations in another place on 6 February at column 1412.

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what financial provision is being made to local authorities to carry out their duties under part III of the Children Bill [Lords] .


Column 853

Mr. Mellor : The financial consequences for local authorities will be discussed with the local authorities associations and taken into account in setting the level of aggregate Exchequer revenue finance in 1990-91.

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what proposals he has to ensure that children continue to be represented in care and related proceedings by a solicitor ; and if he will make a statement about the proposed regulations referred to in clause 36 of the Children Bill [Lords] .

Mr. Mellor : I refer the hon. Member to the Lord Chancellor's statement on legal representation of the child in such proceedings on Second Reading of the Bill in another place on 6 December 1988 at column 533-34. I shall make a statement on the regulations provided for in this clause during consideration of the Bill in this House.

Smoking

Mr. Meale : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will give the figures for people smoking cigarettes in the United Kingdom during the first three quarters of 1988 ; and whether this represents an increase or decrease over the previous period.

Mr. Freeman : Information is not available in the form requested. However, consumers' expenditure on cigarettes in the first three quarters of 1988 is estimated to have been £4,440 million at constant 1985 prices. These statistics are not adjusted for seasonal variation and so cannot be compared with the immediately preceding period. They show little change from expenditure on cigarettes at 1985 prices in the first three quarters of 1987 (£4,416 million).

Over 60s

Ms. Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what is the average cost of National Health Service treatment for someone (a) between 60 and 65 years, (b) between 65 years and 75 years and (c) over 75 years.

Mr. Freeman [holding answer 9 February 1989] : The information is not available in the form requested. The average gross expenditure per head (at 1986-87 prices) in the NHS is (a) £178 for those aged 16-64 (b) £521 for those aged 65-74 and (c) £1,186 for those aged 75 and over.

Food Poisoning

Mr. Wray : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what is his estimate of the cost to public funds of the medical attention and treatment given by the National Health Service to victims of food poisoning attributable to chicken and eggs.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke [holding answer 30 January 1989] : The costs to public funds in 1988 of medical attention and treatment given by the NHS to victims of food poisoning attributable to chicken and eggs-- predominantly from salmonella enteritidis, phage type 4--are estimated at about £2 million. This figure is based on estimates of costs of medical attention and treatment for salmonellosis in hospitals or the community calculated in 1985 as part of a special PHLS study, but adjusted for inflation, and applied to reported cases of infection of salmonella enteritidis phage types 4, 8 and 33 in 1988.


Column 854

Baby Food (Aluminium)

Mr. Galbraith : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what is his policy on the levels of aluminium in baby foods and milks ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Ryder : I have been asked to reply.

The Government's policy on aluminium occurring in baby foods and milks is to ensure that the levels do not exceed those which our medical advice has reported to be safe. The results of research into aluminium intakes will be kept under regular review.

SOCIAL SECURITY

National Insurance

Mr. Redwood : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what would be the cost in (a) 1989-90 and (b) a full year of (i) raising the national insurance threshold from £43 a week to £75 a week and (ii) charging national insurance at 7 per cent. on incomes between £100 and £125 a week.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The information is as follows :


Cost in terms of changed yields of National Insurance contributions                             

£ million                                                                                       

                                    |1989-90 (receipts) |1989-90 (full year)                    

                                    |£                  |£                                      

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(i) Raising the National                                                                        

    Insurance threshold to £75 a                                                                

    week<1>                         |+190               |+220                                   

(ii) Charging national insurance at                                                             

    7 per cent. on earnings                                                                     

    between £100 and £125 a                                                                     

    week<2>                         |-350               |-400                                   

<1> The higher lower earnings limit increases the band of earnings in respect of which people   

in contracted-out employments pay contributions at the higher not-contracted out rate. Raising  

that limit to £75 a week increases the overall yield of class 1 contributions.                  

<2> The estimate assumes that earnings between £75 a week and £100 a week attract class 1       

contributions at 5 per cent. and earnings between £100 and £125 attract class 1 contributions   

at 7 per cent.                                                                                  

Housing Benefit

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he will collect evidence and make a statement on the effect which the requirement that housing benefit be withdrawn after 52 weeks in hospital is having on the efforts of local authority social service departments to rehabilitate long-term hospital patients.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Ninety per cent. of all hospital admissions last four weeks or less. In the small proportion of admissions lasting more than 52 weeks, there is no evidence that the withdrawal of housing benefit is by itself a major factor preventing the return of long-term hospital patients to the community. I would, however, be happy to consider any examples of such cases that the hon. Member or others may have in mind.

It is the duty of local authorities to find accommodation for people in vulnerable groups who are homeless through no fault of their own, including those who are unable to return to their former home following a stay in hospital. In addition, community care grants may be available to people leaving hospital to help them with the costs of re-establishing themselves in the Community.


Column 855

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he will consider giving some discretion to local authorities to extend the period of housing benefit in cases where single patients would otherwise be unable to retain their homes when they go into hospital for a long stay.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Housing benefit is intended to help people with their immediate costs by way of rent and rates and to alleviate current hardship. The main criterion for entitlement is therefore that the claimant must be paying rent or rates for a dwelling which he or she occupies as home. Fifty-two weeks is a reasonable limit to the period during which a claimant can be considered to be occupying a dwelling despite his or her physical absence. The


Column 856

application of this limit to the housing benefit entitlement of hospital in-patients does not appear to lead to undue hardship, but the situation is being kept under review.

Age-related Benefit

Mr. Cousins : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what is the size of age-related personal allowances within (a) supplementary benefit, (b) income support and (c) housing benefit for each age-group for each year since 1980, both in current and standard prices.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Values under the old and new benefit systems are not comparable because the system of personal allowances and premiums intruduced in 1988 radically altered the structure of the income-related benefits. The information requested is :


Column 855


b. Income Support and Housing Benefit                                                                                                                                                        

                                                                                                                               Couple                                                        

April 1988           |Up to age 11        |11-15               |16-17               |18-24               |Over 25             |Both under 18       |at least one over 18                     

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Personal allowance   |10.75               |16.10               |19.40               |26.05               |33.40               |38.80               |51.45                                    


b. Income Support and Housing Benefit                                                                                                                                                        

                                                                                                                               Couple                                                        

April 1988           |Up to age 11        |11-15               |16-17               |18-24               |Over 25             |Both under 18       |at least one over 18                     

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Personal allowance   |10.75               |16.10               |19.40               |26.05               |33.40               |38.80               |51.45                                    


b. Income Support and Housing Benefit                                                                                                                                                        

                                                                                                                               Couple                                                        

April 1988           |Up to age 11        |11-15               |16-17               |18-24               |Over 25             |Both under 18       |at least one over 18                     

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Personal allowance   |10.75               |16.10               |19.40               |26.05               |33.40               |38.80               |51.45                                    

Mrs. Elizabeth Lawrence

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what representations he has received relating to the case of Mrs. Elizabeth Lawrence daughter of Mrs. Kathleen Beardmore, 6 Carlisle avenue, Cantrell road, Bulwell, Nottingham NG6 9AJ.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : None.

Benefit Payments (South Yorkshire)

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how many people are receiving income support from each office in South Yorkshire ; and what were the comparable figures at the same date in 1979.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The table shows the number of people receiving income support and its predecessor, supplementary benefit.


                         |27 November 1979        |30 November 1988 (income                         

                         |(supplementary benefit) |support)                                         

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Barnsley East            |5,361                   |9,620                                            

Barnsley West            |4,314                   |7,252                                            

Doncaster East           |5,818                   |10,164                                           

Doncaster West           |7,082                   |12,951                                           

Rotherham North          |3,017                   |4,858                                            

Rotherham South          |9,709                   |16,218                                           

Sheffield North East     |9,718                   |18,655                                           

Sheffield North West     |12,433                  |16,069                                           

Sheffield South East     |7,906                   |11,679                                           

Sheffield South West     |9,157                   |14,516                                           

Wath-on-Dearne           |4,170                   |7,118                                            

Source: 100 per cent. count of cases in action. The figures given include a small number of cases   

not actually in receipt of benefit. The data for 1988 are provisional and subject to amendment.     

Social Security Fraud

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how much money he estimates has been lost in each year since 1979 as a result of fraudulent social security claims and how many persons have been successfully proceeded against in (a) England and Wales, (b) Scotland, (c) Strathclyde and (d) Greenock and Port Glasgow.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : No reliable estimate is available as to how much money is lost as a result of fraudulent social security claims. The information available on successful prosecutions brought by the Department in respect of fraudulent social security benefit claims is shown in the table :


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