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Mr. MacGregor : Four active ingredients are approved for slug control : aluminium compounds ; copper compounds ; methaldehyde and methiocarb. Products containing these are listed in HMSO reference book "Pesticides 1988."

Cheese

Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will list the volume of imports of soft cheese made from unpasteurised milk by country of origin for each of the last two years.

Mr. Donald Thompson : The import statistics do not separately identify cheese made from unpasteurised milk.

Butter

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, pursuant to the replies to the hon. Member for Pembroke on 31 January, Official Report, column 184, and 6 February 1989, Official Report, column 697, what information is available to his Ministry from Eurostat as to the percentage of the United Kingdom packet butter market accounted for by the following countries (a) the United Kingdom, (b) Ireland, (c) France, (d) New Zealand, (e) Denmark, (f) the Netherlands and (g) Belgium and Luxembourg.

Mr. Donald Thompson : Eurostat does not contain information on the United Kingdom packet butter market.


Column 366

Hedges

Mr. Andrew F. Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will lay a report before Parliament on the state of hedges in England and Wales.

Mr. Ryder : No representative studies have been undertaken of the condition of hedges in England and Wales because of the difficulties caused by variations between hedgerow types in different locations and serving different purposes.

My Department is always ready to provide advice to farmers on hedgerow management, and grants are available for hedgerow planting and laying under the new farm and conservation grant scheme which subject to parliamentary approval will operate from next Monday.

Coastal Waters

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a further statement on the environmental quality of British coastal waters.

Mr. Donald Thompson : All marine environmental quality standards, both EC and national, are met in British coastal waters. Levels of contaminants have generally been falling and are low. The quality of our seas is improving and I continue to seek further improvements wherever practicable.

Waste Dumping

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what controls are applied to the dumping of waste in British waters.

Mr. Donald Thompson : I impose strict controls on dumping to ensure that no harm is caused to the marine environment. All wastes licensed have been subject to thorough scientific tests. Only very limited categories of waste are authorised. Where disposal on land is practicable sea disposal is not licensed.

Most of the material which I license for dumping at sea is dredged spoil from harbours and estuaries. We must keep our ports open. This is, of course, also the case in other European countries, some of whom dump much more both in volume terms and contamination terms than we do. All the spoil which I license for dumping meets the relevant international rules to avoid marine pollution.

Of 30 sea dumping licences for liquid industrial waste in 1987 some 20 have been reviewed in detail and either withdrawn or a firm intention to terminate given. The 10 remaining licences for liquid industrial waste are currently under review to investigate whether safe disposal on land is practicable.

Five licences for marine incineration have already been terminated and alternatives for the remaining eight are being carefully studied.

In the case of sewage sludge, this material is more than 95 per cent. water. Trace levels of contaminants in sewage sludge have been reduced by more than 60 per cent. since 1980. It was agreed at the North sea conference in 1987 not to increase contaminant levels and I am seeking to reduce them further. I am currently reviewing with the water authorities the availability of alternative methods of disposal for the sludge, including land disposal options.


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Covent Garden Market

Mr. Boswell : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he has decided what action he intends to take in respect of the possible privatisation of the Covent Garden market.

Mr. MacGregor : I am currently considering the options available on the future of the market, including the possibility of privatisation. As a first step, I have decided to commission an independent commercial feasibility study on the possibilities of privatisation, and will shortly be asking for tenders for this appointment from appropriate organisations.

EMPLOYMENT

London Jobcentres

Mr. Leighton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what is the median time notified vacancies remain at London jobcentres, broken down by classification.

Mr. Cope : The table shows the latest available information which is also in the Library. Analysis of median durations is shown in respect of (a) vacancies filled by jobcentres over the period 5 September to 2 December 1988 and (b) the stock vacancies remaining unfilled at jobcentres on 2 December 1988. Median durations are not estimated in respect of the total time that all vacancies, including notifications subsequently cancelled, remain in the jobcentre records.


|c|Median duration in weeks of filled and unfilled vacancies|c|                                            

|c|at jobcentres in Greater London by occupation|c|                                                        

                                   |(a)                    |(b)                                            

Occupation                         |Filled vacancies<1> 5  |Unfilled vacancies<2> 2                        

                                   |September to 2 December|December 1988                                  

                                   |1988                                                                   

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Managerial and professional        |2.4                    |4.8                                            

Clerical                           |1.0                    |4.0                                            

Cashiers                           |1.9                    |3.8                                            

Secretaries and typists            |2.1                    |4.1                                            

Other non-manual                   |1.3                    |4.7                                            

Textile processing crafts          |1.7                    |3.0                                            

Food processing crafts             |2.8                    |3.7                                            

Glass and ceramic crafts           |1.9                    |4.8                                            

Printing and bookbinding crafts    |1.8                    |5.4                                            

Textile and leather working        |3.1                    |5.4                                            

Woodworking crafts                 |1.5                    |4.1                                            

Metal making and treating          |1.0                    |3.5                                            

Setters                            |2.3                    |4.0                                            

Turners                            |3.1                    |4.7                                            

Setter operators                   |2.9                    |4.9                                            

Tool makers                        |2.0                    |7.0                                            

Fitters and fitter machinists      |2.8                    |4.5                                            

Vehicle making                     |2.5                    |3.5                                            

Instrument makers                  |2.8                    |6.8                                            

Electrical and electronic          |2.3                    |4.6                                            

Plumbing crafts                    |2.3                    |3.1                                            

Constructional metal crafts        |2.1                    |5.0                                            

Painting and coating crafts        |0.3                    |3.8                                            

Construction crafts                |0.7                    |3.8                                            

Mining crafts                      |<3>0.1                 |<3>18.6                                        

Electricity power plant operators  |<3>8.7                 |<3>4.0                                         

Craftsmen and foremen N.E.S.       |2.1                    |3.3                                            

General labourers                  |0.2                    |4.0                                            

Clerical sales and security        |0.3                    |4.3                                            

Catering and domestic              |0.7                    |3.5                                            

Road sweeping and personal service |1.3                    |3.3                                            

Farming and fishing etc.           |1.1                    |4.9                                            

Processing making and repairing    |1.5                    |4.2                                            

Assembly packaging                 |0.5                    |4.2                                            

Construction                       |0.2                    |4.3                                            

Goods driving                      |1.4                    |3.0                                            

Other transport operating          |0.3                    |3.9                                            

Storekeeping and materials moving  |0.8                    |2.9                                            

Miscellaneous                      |0.2                    |3.0                                            

All occupations                    |0.8                    |3.9                                            

<1> The time since notification exceeded by 50 per cent. of the vacancies filled by jobcentres.            

<2> The time since notification exceeded by 50 per cent. of unfilled vacancies registered at jobcentres.   

<3> Medians are likely to be affected by the small number vacancies in these cases.                        

Mr. Leighton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many vacancies flowed through London jobcentres in the last 12 months.

Mr. Cope : The inflow of vacancies notified to jobcentres in Greater London, over the 12 months to December 1988 was 407,800, with a total outflow of 420,100 either filled or cancelled vacancies from the jobcentre records. These totals are based on the monthly seasonally adjusted series. They do not represent the total flow of vacancies in the economy.

Vacancies (London)

Mr. Leighton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of vacancies London employers notify to jobcentres.

Mr. Cope : A survey of employers in Greater London, carried out for the Employment Department by IFF Research Ltd. in June 1988, found that 45 per cent. of vacancies that had been filled during the preceding year had at some stage been notified to a jobcentre. At any one time, though, it is estimated that only 20 to 25 per cent. of available vacancies will have been notified to jobcentres.

Agriculture (Accidents)

Mr. Martlew : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many YTS trainees have suffered reportable accidents while working in the agricultural industry in each of the last five years, for which records are available.

Mr. Cope : A new computer system is currently being updated to provide more detailed analysis of YTS incident information. Accident information before 1988 by industry is not available.

Information for 1988 is as follows :


|c|1988 Agricultural accidents<1>|c|                                                                                     

                                                 |Fatal            |Major injuries<2>|Minor injuries                     

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total number reported to the Training Agency     |None             |48               |183                                

Number which would not have been reported to HSE |None             |8                |28                                 

<1>Training Agency accident figures for YTS have been compiled on a similar basis to those prepared by the Health and    

Safety Executive for employed people. However, the agency's figures include a number of accidents, in particular road    

traffic accidents during scheme time and accidents to trainees in educational establishments, which may not have been    

reportable to the executive had the individuals been employed.                                                           

<2> From 1 April 1986 major injuries have been classified according to severity criteria laid down in the Reporting of   

Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1985 (RIDDOR).                                                  

Horse Racing

Mr. Martlew : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many YTS trainees have suffered reportable accidents while working in the equestrian and horse racing industry, in each of the last five years for which records are available.

Mr. Cope : A new computer system is currently being updated to provide more detailed analysis of YTS accident information. Accident information before 1988 by industry is not available.


|c|Equestrian accidents: 1988<1>|c|                                                                 

                            |Fatal            |Major injuries<2>|Minor injuries                     

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total number reported                                                                               

 to the Training Agency     |None             |20               |61                                 

Number which would not have                                                                         

 been reported to HSE       |None             |2                |5                                  

<1>Training Agency accident figures for YTS have been compiled on a similar basis to those prepared 

by the Health and Safety Executive for employed people. However, the agency's figures include a     

number of accidents, in particular road traffic accidents during scheme time and accidents to       

trainees in educational establishments, which may not have been reportable to the executive had the 

individuals been employed.                                                                          

<2>From 1 April 1986 major injuries have been classified according to severity criteria laid down   

in the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrances Regulations 1985 (RIDDOR).         

Child Employees (Accidents)

Mr. Archer : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many notifiable accidents there have been to children in the course of legal employment in each year since 1973, categorised by age of child and severity of accident.

Mr. Nicholls : The available information collected under current regulations is set out in the table. It relates to all young people aged 13 to 15 described as employees in injury reports.


|c|Injuries to employees aged 13 to 15 reported under RIDDOR<1>|c|   

|c|to all enforcing authorities|c|                                   

              |Fatal     |Major     |Over 3 day|Total                

---------------------------------------------------------------------

1986-87<2>                                                           

  aged 13     |-         |6         |2         |8                    

  aged 14     |1         |7         |2         |10                   

  aged 15     |-         |10        |15        |25                   

                                                                     

1987-88<2><3>                                                        

  aged 13     |-         |2         |3         |5                    

  aged 14     |-         |12        |1         |13                   

  aged 15     |1         |10        |24        |35                   

<1>Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences         

Regulations 1985.                                                    

<2>Year commencing 1 April: analyses of data by age before 1981 are  

not available. Between 1981 and 1985 the apparent numbers of         

employed children being injured in the course of work were inflated  

by extensive mis-reporting and mis-coding of injuries to             

non-employed children and reliable figures are therefore not         

available. However, following a careful examination of the narrative 

reports of injuries to children at work from 1981 to 1984, a note    

was published in Health and Safety Statistics 1984-85, available in  

the House of Commons Library.                                        

<3>Provisional.                                                      

Training and Enterprise Councils

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what information the new training and enteprise councils will have to make available in their three year business plans and proposed annual reports ; and how much of this information will be publicly available.

Mr. Cope : Details of what information training and enterprise councils will need to provide in their three-year business plans and annual reports are under consideration. A council's report will however be a public document, and they will also have to publish a synopsis of their business plans.

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment whether the new training and enterprise councils will make publicly available, scheme by scheme, statistics showing the ethnic backgrounds of the YTS and employment training trainees recruited by their local training managers- managing agents ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Cope : The arrangements under which training and enterprise councils will operate are being developed and these matters are being given consideration. Councils will be required to continue and develop equality of opportunity on YTS and employment training.

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what information training and enterprise councils will make publicly available on the health and safety performance of the YTS and employment training schemes they are responsible for ; and what information will be made publicly available in the case of accidents leading to serious injury or the death of a trainee.

Mr. Cope : The detailed arrangements under which training and enterprise councils will operate are being developed and these matters are being given consideration. Councils will be required to promote high standards of health and safety on YTS and employment training.

YTS

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what monitoring of YTS managing agents will be taking place in 1989-90 ; if all existing YTS-approved training organisations will be subjected to a full review of their training arrangements on all 10 criteria that make up approved training organisation status ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Cope : The key features of the arrangements for 1989-90 are as follows :

(i) Agreement of development plans and performance targets for training outputs.

(ii) Review of achievements throughout the year.

(iii) Selective involvement in development work.

(iv) Annual review of performance.

(v) Negotiation of subsequent contract.

In addition, selective inspections are carried out by the training standards advisory service.

Compliance with the 10 ATO criteria will be fully reviewed and used in the annual review of performance. In


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addition, a formal re-examination of approved status can be made at any time if evidence from the monitoring arrangements shows this to be necessary.


Column 372

Working Population

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what are the current estimates and projections of the population of working age, men and women, by standard region including Greater London, for 1979, 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988 and 1989.

Mr. Lee : The figures requested are given in the table :


Column 371


|c|Estimates and projections of the population of working age|c|                                       

Thousand                                                                                               

                          Men aged 16 to 64                   Women aged 16 to 59                      

                          years                               years                                    

                          Estimates               Projections Estimates               Projections      

                         |1979 |1983 |1986 |1987 |1988 |1989 |1979 |1983 |1986 |1987 |1988 |1989       

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

North                    |980  |993  |993  |992  |989  |985  |900  |898  |899  |901  |896  |893        

Yorkshire and Humberside |1,522|1,561|1,573|1,575|1,580|1,579|1,389|1,407|1,423|1,429|1,430|1,430      

East Midlands            |1,197|1,241|1,276|1,285|1,291|1,297|1,083|1,115|1,146|1,157|1,166|1,172      

East Anglia              |578  |608  |632  |639  |647  |653  |519  |545  |572  |580  |586  |593        

South East               |5,317|5,476|5,587|5,610|5,663|5,682|4,907|4,995|5,118|5,148|5,176|5,193      

Greater London<1>        |2,183|2,185|2,203|2,203|2,214|2,213|2,040|2,026|2,052|2,056|2,062|2,063      

South West               |1,305|1,369|1,418|1,433|1,440|1,450|1,201|1,243|1,296|1,315|1,317|1,327      

West Midlands            |1,641|1,681|1,696|1,703|1,702|1,701|1,477|1,495|1,510|1,519|1,526|1,528      

North West               |1,991|2,025|2,037|2,039|2,039|2,034|1,839|1,836|1,848|1,855|1,853|1,850      

Wales                    |863  |879  |890  |896  |892  |891  |790  |798  |806  |813  |810  |810        

Scotland                 |1,577|1,627|1,648|1,649|1,654|1,655|1,490|1,511|1,523|1,526|1,528|1,526      

<1>Included in South East.                                                                             

Source: Office of Population Censuses and Surveys and General Register Office for Scotland.            

Employment Training

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment, what safeguards he is taking to ensure the confidentiality of the personal information given to employment training training agents and managers ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Nicholls : Personal information held on computer systems of training agents and training managers is already protected by the requirements of the Data Protection Act 1984.

Training Agency officials are considering whether any further safeguards for the protection of personal information are necessary.

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what personal information employment service staff and claimant advisers may obtain on an employment training trainee from the trainee's training manager or training agent ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Patrick Nicholls : No information about the personal characteristics or personal circumstances of a trainee should be passed to the employment service by a training agent or training manager.

Mr. Henderson : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many people who are direct entrants on employment training and not transferred in have left employment training since it began ; and how many have left employment training after being transferred in from a constituent part.

Mr. Nicholls : To the end of December 1988, the latest date for which information is available, 39,500 people had left employment training. It is estimated that of these about 20,000 had been direct recruits. The remainder had chosen to transfer from other programmes.

Trade Unions

Mr. Riddick : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what estimates his Department has made as


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to the number of employees who belong to trade unions under (a) pre-entry closed shop arrangements and (b) post- entry closed shop arrangements.

Mr. Nicholls : On the basis of the 1984 workplace industrial relations survey, it was estimated that approximately 500,000 employees worked under pre-entry closed shop arrangements and around 3.1 million under post-entry closed shop arrangements. We expect to be able to update these estimates shortly in the light of our review of the closed shop.

Correspondence

Mr. Eadie : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment when the hon. Member for Midlothian can expect an answer to his letter dated 3 February, written on behalf of the Miners' Parliamentary Group, requesting a meeting with him.

Mr. Cope : My right hon. Friend the Secretary of State has asked me to meet the hon. Member and the meeting has been arranged.

Tourism

Mr. Speller : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what value of section 4 grants have been made for each of the past five years in the north Devon area.

Mr. Lee : I regret that this information could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

Mr. Speller : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what value of section 4 grants have been made for each of the past five years in the Duchy of Cornwall.

Mr. Lee : Under section 4 of the Development of Tourism Act 1969, the English tourist board has offered assistance to projects in Cornwall, during the last five years, as follows :


Column 373


Financial year           |Number of projects      |Total assistance offered                         

                                                  |£                                                

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1984-85                  |41                      |572,870                                          

1985-86                  |43                      |433,009                                          

1986-87                  |55                      |757,556                                          

1987-88                  |36                      |568,948                                          

<1>1988-89               |22                      |618,625                                          

<1> To January 1989.                                                                                

Mr. Speller : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many section 4 grants have been made for each of the past five years in the West Country tourist board area ; and what was their total value.

Mr. Lee : Offers of assistance made by the English tourist board under section 4 of the Development of Tourism Act 1969 to projects in the West Country tourist board area during the five years up to March 1988 were as follows :


Year                      |Number of projects       |Total value of assistance                          

                                                    |offered £                                          

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1983-84                   |116                      |2,760,000                                          

1984-85                   |125                      |1,934,000                                          

1985-86                   |156                      |2,464,000                                          

1986-87                   |201                      |3,519,000                                          

1987-88                   |157                      |3,125,000                                          

Mr. Speller : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will lift his suspension of section 4 grants for the south-west of England to bring their regulations in line with those for Scotland and Wales ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : No. The particular scheme of assistance operated in England under section 4 of the Development of Tourism Act 1969 has been suspended pending consideration of this and a number of other issues arising out of the review of tourism policy.

Mr. Speller : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many section 4 grants have been paid out to firms in Devon during each of the past five years for which statistics are available.

Mr. Lee : Under section 4 of the Development of Tourism Act 1969, the English tourist board has offered assistance to projects in Devon, during the last five years, as follows :


Financial Year     |Number of Projects                   

---------------------------------------------------------

1984-85            |43                                   

1985-86            |73                                   

1986-87            |83                                   

1987-88            |78                                   

1988-89<1>         |47                                   

<1> (to January 1989)                                    

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list all projects financed by section 4 tourism grants in each region during each year since 1979 giving in each case the size of the grant and the percentage of the total expenditure on the project this represented.

Mr. Lee : This information can be obtained only at disproportionate cost.


Column 374

Labour Statistics

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what information he has as to what was the labour force participation rate for (a) men and (b) women in the age groups (i) 16 to 19 years, (ii) 20 to 24 years, (iii) 25 to 54 years, (iv) 55 to 64 years and (v) 65 to 74 years, in 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985 and 1988, for the United Kingdom, France, West Germany, Italy, the United States of America, Japan and Sweden.

Mr. Lee : This information is not available for all the countries listed at the detailed level requested. The table below gives the available data common to all countries. More detailed information on European Community countries is included in the Eurostat publication "Labour Force Survey Results", copies of which are kept in the Library.


|c|Total labour force as a percentage of     

population aged 15-64|c|                     

               |1970|1975|1980|1985|1986     

---------------------------------------------

United Kingdom                               

Males          |94.4|92.1|90.5|88.9|88.5     

Females        |50.7|55.1|58.3|60.6|61.6     

                                             

France                                       

Males          |86.9|84.3|81.7|76.7|76.3     

Females        |48.5|51.1|54.4|54.9|55.3     

                                             

Germany                                      

Males          |92.5|87.0|83.6|80.0|79.8     

Females        |48.1|49.6|50.0|50.3|51.1     

                                             

Italy<1>                                     

Males          |86.8|n/a |82.8|79.3|79.3     

Females        |33.5|n/a |39.6|41.0|42.3     

                                             

United States                                

Males          |87.1|85.4|84.7|84.0|84.4     

Females        |48.9|53.2|59.7|63.8|64.9     

                                             

Japan                                        

Males          |89.4|89.7|89.0|87.8|87.6     

Females        |55.4|51.7|54.9|57.2|57.4     

                                             

Sweden                                       

Males          |88.8|89.2|87.8|84.2|84.1     

Females        |59.4|67.6|74.1|77.6|78.3     

Source: "Labour Force Statistics 1966-1986" (

OECD) except UK(DE).                         

<1>Population aged 14-64.                    

Single Parents

Mrs. Clwyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many single parents are on each Government training scheme ; how many single parents on those schemes take up the child care allowance available ; what is the total annual cost of the child care allowances scheme ; and what is the estimated cost of providing child care allowance on training schemes for all married women who could potentially enter those schemes.

Mr. Nicholls [holding answer 15 February 1989] : Information on lone parents on Government training schemes is available only for employment training, which is the only such scheme under which child care allowances are available.

Over 2,000 lone parents have already joined employment training. Information on how many of them are claiming for child care payments will not be available until the end of April but, so far, advances of just over £1


Column 375

million have been made to training managers in respect of their commitments to child care allowances. The cost of making child care allowances to all married women who could potentially enter Government training schemes is difficult to estimate but would undoubtedly be substantial.

ENVIRONMENT

Football Clubs

Mr. Cox : To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment how many football clubs in England and Wales the hon. Member for Lewisham, East (Mr. Moynihan) has visited since becoming Minister of Sport ; and if he will list the clubs visited.

Mr. Moynihan : I have visited the following Football League clubs since my appointment as Minister for Sport :

Charlton Athletic 3 October 1987

20 December 1987

23 January 1988

23 April 1988

8 October 1988

14 January 1989

28 January 1989

Derby County 26 March 1988

Hartlepool United 27 February 1988

Luton Town 16 January 1988

Manchester United 1 January 1988

Millwall 19 November 1988

29 January 1989

Oxford United 23 November 1988

Tottenham Hotspur 31 October 1987

West Ham United 8 January 1989

Reading 5 May 1988

Aston Villa 19 May 1988

Arsenal 9 August 1988

Liverpool 16 November 1988


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