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Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how much has been spent on training programmes in (a) the public sector and (b) the private sector, in each EEC country and the United States of America, Japan and Sweden (i) including the cost of training allowances, and (ii) excluding the cost of training allowances, in real terms at 1989 prices and as a percentage of annual gross domestic product for each year that information is available since 1980.
Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the average weekly take-home pay for YTS leavers in the economic region of Yorkshire and Humberside ; and what steps he is currently taking to review this.
Mr. Cope : Estimates from the youth cohort study for England and Wales, covering those young people who reached minimum school leaving age in the academic year 1984-85 and were surveyed in spring 1988, show that the average weekly take-home pay for those in a job in the economic region of Yorkshire and Humberside who said that they had had YTS experience within the previous three years was £71.27. The Government are continuing to fund the youth cohort study to establish information on this and other areas in the education, training and employment of young people.
Mr. Bill Michie : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list the titles and code numbers of the 10 most issued leaflets published by his Department and indicate which of these leaflets has been issued in translation and in which languages.
Title |Code Number -------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Responsibilities of Claimants While Unemployed |UBL 18 2. Jobclub leaflet |JCL 12 3. Availability For Work (Tear-off slip) |UBL 671 4. Put you In The Picture |REST L1 5. Enterprise Allowance Scheme |EAS 102 6. Get into Training |TA M66 7. Better Off In Work |BOI W1 8. Employment Training Action Plan |M64 9. How Unemployment Benefit Entitlement Is Decided |UBL 48 10. Be Your Own Boss |EAS 113
Publication 3 "Availability For Work" (UBL 671) is presently being prepared in the following 14 languages :
Arabic ; Bengali ; Cantonese ; French ; German ; Gujarati ; Hindi ; Italian ; Punjabi ; Somali ; Spanish ; Urdu ; Vietnamese ; Welsh. Leaflet 4 "Put You In The Picture" (REST L1) is produced in the following 12 languages :
Arabic ; Bengali ; Cantonese ; Gujarati ; Hindi ; Italian ; Punjabi ; Somali ; Spanish ; Urdu ; Vietnamese ; Welsh.
Column 455Leaflets 5 "Enterprise Allowance Scheme" (EAS 102) and 10 "Be Your Own Boss" (EAS 113) are at present only available in English, but editions are being prepared in the following eight other languages :
Gujarati ; Hindi ; Bengali ; Urdu ; Punjabi ; Cantonese ; Vietnamese ; Welsh.
Leaflet 8 "Employment Training Action Plan" (M64) is produced in the following seven ethnic minority languages :
Urdu ; Punjabi ; Chinese ; Bengali ; Gujarati ; Hindi ; Vietnamese.
Mr. Leighton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many press notices his Department, including the Manpower Services Commission and Training Agency, issued in each 12-month period since 1979.
|Numbers ------------------------ 1979 |425 1980 |385 1981 |415 1982 |398 1983 |464 1984 |416 1985 |496 1986 |484 1987 |402 1988 |386 Note: These figures do not include press notices issued on behalf of the Department of Employment, the Manpower Services Commission and the Training Agency through the Central Office of Information regional offices.
Mr. Lee : The following information is also in the Library. The table shows the number of unemployed claimants who had been unemployed for more than five years in October 1988, the latest available date, for each of the travel-to-work areas in Great Britain.
|c|Number of claimants unemployed for more than five years|c| |c|in each travel-to-work area in Great Britain|c| Travel-to-work area |Number of unemployed |claimants -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Andover |57 Ashford |196 Aylesbury and Wycombe |270 Banbury |148 Basingstoke and Alton |156 Bedford |231 Bicester |34 Brighton |1,184 Canterbury |171 Chelmsford and Braintree |229 Chichester |120 Clacton |202 Colchester |332 Crawley |200 Dover and Deal |155 Eastbourne |200 Folkestone |213 Gosport and Fareham |234 Guildford and Aldershot |335 Harwich |69 Hastings |277 Hertford and Harlow |632 Hitchin and Letchworth |193 Isle of Wight |330 Medway and Maidstone |1,282 Milton Keynes |308 Newbury |46 Oxford |525 Portsmouth |1,151 Reading |297 Sittingbourne and Sheerness |349 Slough |390 Southampton |1,064 Southend |1,705 Thanet |420 Tunbridge Wells |195 Watford and Luton |1,245 Winchester and Eastleigh |122 Worthing |234 Beccles and Halesworth |72 Bury St. Edmonds |63 Cambridge |259 Cromer and North Walsham |107 Diss |49 Fakenham |58 Great Yarmouth |396 Haverhill |37 Huntingdon and St. Neots |113 Ipswich |474 King's Lynn and Hunstanton |340 Lowestoft |241 Newmarket |112 Norwich |876 Peterborough |590 Sudbury |59 Thetford |124 Wisbech |182 Woodbridge and Leiston |71 Heathrow |1,744 London |23,676 Barnstaple and Ilfracombe |149 Bath |299 Bideford |75 Blandford |21 Bodmin and Liskeard |133 Bournemouth |480 Bridgwater |188 Bridport |30 Bristol |2,056 Bude |43 Chard |41 Cheltenham |274 Chippenham |99 Cinderford and Ross on Wye |248 Cirencester |47 Dartmouth and Kingsbridge |38 Devizes |30 Dorchester and Weymouth |120 Exeter |398 Falmouth |109 Gloucester |413 Helston |85 Honiton and Axminster |78 Launceston |49 Minehead |42 Newquay |30 Newton Abbot |109 Okehampton |25 Penzance and St. Ives |142 Plymouth |1,208 Poole |207 Redruth and Camborne |291 Salisbury |141 Shaftesbury |51 South Molton |18 St. Austell |157 Stroud |182 Swindon |478 Taunton |211 Tiverton |55 Torbay |330 Torrington |30 Totnes |32 Trowbridge and Frome |186 Truro |114 Wareham and Swanage |27 Warminster |20 Wells |104 Weston super Mare |254 Yeovil |152 Birmingham |12,398 Burton-on-Trent |374 Coventry and Hinckley |3,412 Dudley and Sandwell |5,458 Evesham |105 Hereford and Leominster |316 Kidderminster |390 Leek |47 Ludlow |87 Malvern and Ledbury |129 Oswestry |80 Rugby and Daventry |235 Shrewsbury |291 Stafford |287 Stoke |1,700 Telford and Bridgnorth |1,066 Uttoxeter and Ashbourne |55 Walsall |2,718 Warwick |386 Whitchurch and Market Drayton |119 Wolverhampton |2,895 Worcester |457 Alfreton and Ashfield |435 Boston |164 Buxton |87 Chesterfield |1,010 Corby |216 Derby |1,494 Gainsborough |127 Grantham |143 Horncastle and Market Rasen |75 Kettering and Market Harborough |160 Leicester |1,806 Lincoln |683 Loughborough and Coalville |226 Louth and Mablethorpe |89 Mansfield |533 Matlock |68 Melton Mowbray |86 Newark |220 Northampton |465 Nottingham |3,802 Retford |155 Skegness |87 Sleaford |70 Spalding and Holbeach |104 Stamford |69 Wellingborough and Rushden |189 Worksop |311 Barnsley |1,274 Bradford |2,548 Bridlington and Driffield |131 Calderdale |612 Castleford and Pontefract |591 Doncaster |1,626 Goole and Selby |202 Grimsby |902 Harrogate |103 Huddersfield |548 Hull |3,135 Keighley |148 Leeds |2,872 Malton |25 Northallerton |48 Pickering and Helmsley |19 Richmondshire |52 Ripon |23 Rotherham and Mexborough |1,978 Scarborough and Filey |162 Scunthorpe |594 Settle |18 Sheffield |4,692 Skipton |36 Thirsk |18 Wakefield and Dewsbury |1,044 Whitby |82 York |459 Accrington and Rossendale |316 Blackburn |622 Blackpool |876 Bolton and Bury |1,982 Burnley |429 Clitheroe |31 Crewe |332 Lancaster and Morecambe |358 Liverpool |14,312 Macclesfield |170 Manchester |9,176 Northwich |363 Oldham |805 Pendle |198 Preston |1,153 Rochdale |679 Warrington |605 Widnes and Runcorn |1,049 Wigan and St. Helens |3,683 Wirral and Chester |3,661 Barrow in Furness |261 Carlisle |372 Kendal |41 Keswick |22 Penrith |52 Whitehaven |268 Windermere |7 Workington |411 Alnwick and Amble |108 Berwick-on-Tweed |42 Bishop Auckland |651 Darlington |519 Durham |643 Hartlepool |965 Hexham |66 Middlesbrough |3,628 Morpeth and Ashington |585 Newcastle-upon-Tyne |6,654 South Tyneside |1,411 Stockton-on-Tees |1,661 Sunderland |4,173 Aberdare |372 Aberystwyth |47 Bangor and Caernarfon |421 Blaenau Gwent and Abergavenny |646 Brecon |39 Bridgend |539 Cardiff |2,413 Cardigan |73 Carmarthen |88 Conwy and Colwyn |147 Denbigh |56 Dolgellau and Barmouth |35 Fishguard |41 Haverfordwest |247 Holyhead |333 Lampeter and Aberaeron |47 Llandeilo |22 Llandrindod Wells |32 Llanelli |350 Machynlleth |15 Merthyr and Rhymney |804 Monmouth |59 Neath and Port Talbot |352 Newport |994 Newtown |38 Pontypool and Cwmbran |466 Pontypridd and Rhondda |1,008 Porthmadoc and Ffestiniog |38 Pwllheli |48 Shotton Flint and Rhyl |761 South Pembrokeshire |114 Swansea |1,434 Welshpool |32 Wrexham |549 Aberdeen |522 Alloa |291 Annan |72 Arbroath |86 Ayr |572 Badenoch |27 Banff |69 Bathgate |600 Berwickshire |29 Blairgowrie and Pitlochry |73 Brechin and Montrose |78 Buckie |34 Campbeltown |86 Crieff |16 Cumnock and Sanquhar |502 Dumbarton |471 Dumfries |182 Dundee |1,630 Dunfermline |414 Dunoon and Bute |92 Edinburgh |2,335 Elgin |86 Falkirk |709 Forfar |76 Forres |28 Fraserburgh |63 Galashiels |59 Girvan |75 Glasgow |12,713 Greenock |974 Haddington |65 Hawick |44 Huntly |21 Invergordon and Dingwall |142 Inverness |255 Irvine |1,092 Islay/Mid Argyll |36 Keith |35 Kelso and Jedburgh |21 Kilmarnock |479 Lanarkshire |3,145 Lochaber |76 Lockerbie |25 Newton Stewart |48 North East Fife |103 Oban |53 Orkney Islands |81 Peebles |23 Perth |180 Peterhead |74 Shetland Islands |25 Skye and Wester Ross |53 Stewartry |51 Stirling |300 Stranraer |117 Sutherland |56 Thurso |58 Western Isles |96 Wick |93
Mr. Cope : A review in 1988 of the loan guarantee scheme undertaken by National Economic and Research Associates for the Department of Employment found that in a sample of 106 firms that had used the scheme, 310 full-time additional jobs were created in the first year. The net Exchequer cost of the LGS per person leaving the unemployment count is estimated at £450. Statistics are not collected by my Department on the actual numbers or locations of jobs created by the loan guarantee scheme.
Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what steps he proposes to take following the number of successful appeals by former shipyard workers who had been denied unemployment benefit for 13 weeks, in respect of workers in other trades who have been made redundant under similar circumstances ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Lee : The decision of the independent adjudicating authorities in relation to a redundant shipyard worker relates specifically to that particular worker and his terms of redundancy. Where applicable, British Shipbuilders workers whose circumstances were identical can have their benefit position reviewed. The decision has no direct effect on workers made redundant in other industries.
Mr. Jessel : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment (1) what machinery exists to register appropriate changes to the weighting of components in the cost of living index to relate to changes in normal household consumption of different items ; and if he will list those as applied to cigarettes in the last 30 years ;
(2) what weighting is given at the present time and 10, 20 and 30 years ago or at suitable convenient dates to cigarettes in the retail prices index or its predecessor.
Mr. Lee : The weighting of the retail prices index is updated at the beginning of each year. Since 1962 the weight for each component has been revised in the light of the latest available information on household consumption from the family expenditure survey. In the case of a
Column 461few items (including cigarettes) allowance is made for under-recording of expenditure in the survey, by supplementing its results with more comprehensive information from the consumers' expenditure estimates in the national accounts. As they are introduced the new weights are published in Employment Gazette. Those for cigaretes have been as follows :
|c|Weight for cigarettes in general RPI (parts per thousand)|c| Date |Weight ---------------------- 1959-61 |70 1962 |70 1963 |69 1964 |66 1965 |67 1966 |68 1967 |64 1968 |59 1969 |60 1970 |57 1971 |53 1972 |48 1973 |44 1974 |39 1975 |42 1976 |42 1977 |42 1978 |44 1979 |40 1980 |37 1981 |33 1982 |37 1983 |36 1984 |33 1985 |34 1986 |35 1987 |33 1988 |32
Mr. Pike : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what has been the United Kingdom market share of footwear produced in Taiwan and Korea for each of the last five years ; and what are the corresponding figures for the home share of the same market.
|c|United Kingdom Footwear Market (SIC 4510)|c| |c|Percentage (by value) taken by United Kingdom production for the|c| |c|home market and by imports from South Korea and Taiwan|c| |1983|1984|1985|1986|1987 --------------------------------------------- United Kingdom |55.5|52.8|54.5|54.6|52.9 South Korea |2.2 |2.1 |1.9 |2.0 |3.0 Taiwan |3.2 |3.8 |3.3 |2.9 |4.0
Ms. Walley : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster how many representations he has received from retailers requesting Government compensation for loss of retail value of suites made from foam to the new standards but without the white label and therefore needing to be sold by 1 March.
Column 462unable to sell after 28 February 1989 because it does not meet the requirements of the new regulations. Only one or two of these representations have referred to the temporary problem of furniture lacking the prescribed label but otherwise conforming. Any retailers placed in that position should make arrangements with the furniture manufacturer to obtain new permanent labels for furniture which otherwise meets the requirements of the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulation 1988.
Mr. Forth : No. This is primarily a matter for the industry to consider in the light of consumer demands. If a request were made to the British Standards Institution for work to be undertaken in this field, it would be considered on its merits.
(2) what information he has as to what chemical traces remain in sanitary towels after manufacture.
Mr. Forth : I have asked the industry what chemicals they add to tampons and sanitary towels and what checks they run on residues of pesticides and biocides in the cotton used. When I have this information our toxicologists will advise the Government on whether they pose any hazard.
Ms. Walley : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1) if he will introduce legislation requiring manufacturers to label clearly packets with a comprehensive list of the contents of sanitary towels ;
(2) if he will introduce stricter controls on the manufacture of sanitary goods in respect of safety standards and sterile procedures for the manufacture of these goods.
Ms. Walley : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster if he will take steps to end the use of synthetic chemicals in the manufacture of disposable nappies which are similar to those used in sanitary tampons removed from sale in the United States of America because of their association with toxic shock syndrome in consumers ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Forth : No. Toxic shock syndrome is not a problem with babies. However, I will ask the industry which chemicals are added to disposable nappies and this information will be considered by our toxicologists.
Mr. Forth : The brand leaders have gone over to unbleached disposable nappies and the remainder of the industry is likely to follow. It is a good example of the market responding to consumer preferences.
Mr. Forth : I understand that no pulp mills in the United Kingdom bleach with chlorine. However I have asked the paper industry to provide unbleached alternatives to bleached paper products so that the consumer can have a choice.
Mr. Colin Shepherd : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster when he will make public the Monopolies and Mergers Commission's report on the supply of beer to the United Kingdom ; and if it is his intention to make a statement on the report at the same time.
Mr. Maude : The report will be published as soon as possible. It is customary for my right hon. and noble Friend the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry to announce his response to a Monopolies and Mergers Commission report at the time of its publication.
Mrs. Margaret Ewing : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster if, having regard to the proposals published in December 1988 for review of the consumer credit licensing system, he will consider extending the proposed powers to require information not only to those holding or seeking licences but also to anyone suspected on reasonable grounds of carrying out unlicensed consumer credit ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Maude : The Department's proposals for the consumer credit licensing system were contained in a consultation letter dated 26 October 1988. The proposed power for the Director General of Fair Trading to seek information would not be confined only to those seeking or holding licences, but would also extend to those suspected on reasonable grounds of carrying on any form of consumer credit business.
Mr. David Porter : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster if, in the light of his proposals outlined in the White Paper on "Broadcasting in the 90s", he has plans to seek to amend or repeal the Marine Offences (Broadcasting) Act 1967.
Mr. Atkins : Yes, we are considering strengthening the enforcement powers in the Act. The exciting proposals outlined in the White Paper reinforce the need for vigorous action against all unlicensed broadcasting.
Ms. Ruddock : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster if he will take steps to encourage sanitary towel manufacturers to substitute biodegradeable plastics for non-biodegradeable plastics in their products.
Ms. Ruddock : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster when he last met representatives of the Paper Industries Research Association to discuss question of organochlorine pollution from pulp and paper mills ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. John D. Taylor : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in how many of the 15 daily newspapers circulating in Northern Ireland the Monopolies and Mergers Commission inserted a notice inviting representations in connection with the proposed takeover of Belfast Newsletter and Sunday News by Thomson Regional Newspapers ; what was the size of the notice in the press ; and what is the normal size for similar notices published by the commission.
Mr. Maude [holding answer 17 February 1989] : The proposed acquisition is currently being considered by the Director General of Fair Trading who has a duty to advise the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry on whether the proposed acquisition should be referred to the Monopolies and Mergers Commission. It would not be appropriate for me to comment on the proposed merger in anticipation of the director general's advice.
Mr. Madden : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster if he will extend the time for receiving the report from Professor Aubrey Silberston into the effects on the United Kingdom economy of international trading policies on textiles and clothing, to allow Professor Silberston more time to consult widely and to ensure any
Column 465recommendations he makes are widely supported by United Kingdom textile and clothing interests ; if he will consider inviting Professor Silberston to circulate his main conclusions before his study is finalised and presented to Ministers ; and if he will arrange for Professor Silberston's report to be published when available.
Mr. Alan Clark [holding answer 17 February 1989] : The commissioning of the study was announced last September and the textile and clothing, and other interests have been given ample opportunity to let Professor Silberston know their views before the report is completed. Professor Silberston expects the report to be published in the summer.
Mr. David Evans : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what market research he proposes to undertake in 1989 as part of his Department's programme to promote awareness of, and research in, technology transfer and renewable energy sources.
Mr. Michael Spicer : Market research is an esential part of our renewable energy research and development programme, both in determining the most appropriate methods of informing and influencing the future market for renewable sources of energy, and in gauging the success or otherwise of publications that flow from the programme. Technology transfer plans are being developed for each technology classed as economically attractive. During 1989 a number of market research studies are planned in order to obtain a better understanding of technical transfer processes and the characteristics of those market sectors relevant to the renewable technologies. Over the next weeks the first of these studies will be undertaken to provide detailed information on the size and scope of the market that needs to be addressed. The results will be used to develop and target the most appropriate promotion material in support of our technology transfer activities. Recently completed market research has shown that our publications have been well received by the general public, industry and professionals.
Mr. Moss : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what was the rate of return achieved by the electricity supply industry for the last year for which figures are available ; and what were the figures in 1979- 80.
Mr. Michael Spicer : In 1987-88, the last year for which figures are available, the industry's current cost rate of return on average net assets was 2.42 per cent. In 1979-80 the figure was 0.5 per cent.
Mr. Jack Thompson : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will list the British Coal national engineering workshops closed since July 1985 ; together with the number of redundancies declared with each workshop closure ; and the number of redundancies declared in other British Coal national engineering workshops since July 1985.
Mr. Flynn : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what progress has been made with the implementation of the integrated dry route kiln (IDR) process to convert uranium hexafluoride into ceramic uranium dioxide at British Nuclear Fuels plc, Springfields.
Mr. Flynn : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will make it his policy to refuse permission for British Nuclear Fuels plc to import natural uranium from South Africa for processing and re-export.
Mr. Flynn : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will initiate a study of the net energy consumed and resultant carbon dioxide gas release from fossil fuels used in the manufacturing and construction of a 1300 Mw pressurised water reactor and in the manufacture, storage and processing of its fuel and resultant radioactive wastes ; and if he will publish a table giving comparable information for a coal-fired station of the same net output and fitted with flue gas desulphurisation technology.
Mr. Flynn : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will initiate a departmental study to compare the volume decrease in carbon dioxide emissions that could be achieved by introducing a policy of energy efficient light
Column 467bulbs and energy efficient labelling on refrigerators, water heaters and stoves, instead of building the equivalent number of power plant to provide the electricity saved.
Under a recently concluded agreement by the European Committee of Manufacturers of Electrical Domestic Equipment, appliance manufacturers present the energy consumption data of major energy using domestic appliances in the same form. This allows comparisons by consumers no matter where in western Europe the appliances come from or are sold.
Mr. Ron Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether, pursuant to his answer of 7 February, Official Report, column 585, he will list the rate arrears for individual diplomatic properties ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Eggar : Rates owed by missions on properties accepted by Her Majesty's Government as being in diplomatic use, and on which the Foreign and Commonwealth Office are taking action with the missions concerned are :
|£ --------------------------------- Grenada |2,452.83 Iran |32,595.52 Libya |371,026.32 Nigeria |33,942.01
In certain cases the arrears are in dispute and under discussion between the mission and rating of Government property department. The following amounts are owed by diplomatic missions on properties which are not accepted as being in diplomatic use on which the Foreign and Commonwealth Office is similarly taking action :
|£ --------------------------------- Grenada |2,452.83 Iran |32,595.52 Libya |371,026.32 Nigeria |33,942.01
Column 468about this case to the Soviet authorities at the next suitable opportunity, and shall continue to press the Russians until there is a satisfactory outcome.
Mr. Wray : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he has made known to the South African Government the concern felt by British people for the hunger strikers in Johannesburg and Port Elizabeth.
Mrs. Chalker : We have repeatedly urged the South African authorities to release all those detained without trial, and have done so again recently. We welcome the reported commitment by the South African Minister for Law and Order to give urgent personal consideration to the case of each detainee.
Mr. Flynn : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he has made any specific representations to his counterparts in France and the People's Republic of China in regard to their respective joining the nuclear non-proliferation treaty before the 1990 NPT review conference.