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Column 154

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I regret that the information is not available.

Income Support (Water Rates)

Mr. Alton : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how much income support was paid out by his Department as a part of water rates for each of the last five years.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I regret that the information requested is not available.

Income Support

Mr. Frank Field : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he will list the average time an unemployed claimant has to wait for income support once he or she has registered for benefit.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Income support is normally paid fortnightly in arrears in line with unemployment benefit. I regret that no information is available on the average time that elapses between registration and the first payment of benefit.

Residential and Nursing Homes

Mr. Pendry : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what plans he has to index-link the allowance per resident in private residential homes and private nursing homes.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The maximum amounts payable under income support to people in independent residential care and nursing homes are reviewed annually as part of the general uprating of social security benefits. Increases are made selectively to take account of the charges levied by different types of home. There are no plans to link the maximum amounts directly to a particular index.

Mr. Pendry : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what representations he has received from associations or organisations representing private residential homes or private nursing homes concerning the allowance per resident.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : We have received representations from the Registered Nursing Homes Association, the Independent Hospitals Association, and the National Confederation of Registered Residential Care Homes Associations.

Benefit (Take-up)

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how many people in Greenock and Port Glasgow were in receipt of (a) attendance allowance at (i) the higher rate and (ii) the lower rate, (b) invalid care allowance, (c) mobility allowance, (d) invalidity benefit, (e) severe disablement allowance, (f) industrial disablement pension, (g) war disablement pension, (h) retirement pension, (i) income support and (j) supplementary benefit at the latest date for which figures are available ; what those dates are ; and if he will give comparable figures for five years and 10 years ago.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I regret that information is not available in the precise form requested. Nor are details


Column 155

available of the number of people in Greenock and Port Glasgow receiving (a) attendance allowance, (b) invalid care allowance, (c) mobility allowance, (f) industrial disablement pension, (g) war disablement pension or (h) retirement pension.

The following table gives the information available on the dates listed :


                                 |Greenock    |Port Glasgow             

------------------------------------------------------------------------

(d) Invalidity benefit<1>                                               

As at 31 January 1989            |4,463       |2,008                    

As at 15 January 1985            |3,481       |1,446                    

                                                                        

(e) Severe disablement allowance                                        

As at 31 January 1989            |393         |256                      

As at 15 January 1985            |311         |211                      

                                                                        

(i) Income support                                                      

As at 30 November 1988           |11,423      |4,708                    

                                                                        

(j) Supplementary benefit                                               

As at 18 November 1987           |12,338      |5,369                    

As at 6 December 1983            |9,720       |4,128                    

As at 27 November 1979           |6,317       |2,814                    

<1> Includes an unknown number of sickness benefit claimants as         

separate records of sickness/invalidity benefit claimants are not kept. 

Source: 100 per cent. count of cases in action.                         

Note: With the exception of supplementary benefit, comparable figures   

for five years and 10 years ago are no longer held.                     

Mr. Thurnham : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what has been the take-up rate of benefits since the introduction of the income support scheme ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I refer my hon. Friend to my reply to my right hon. Friend the Member for Chesham and Amersham (Sir I. Gilmour) on 8 February at column 713.

Housing Benefit

Mr. Nigel Griffiths : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security (1) how many people would gain and what would be the average gain as a result of raising the level of savings under which housing benefit is payable to £10,000 on the assumption that (a) the rules for other benefits are


Column 156

unaltered, (b) the interest actually received on savings and not an arbitrarily assumed return is used in assessing benefit and (c) no change is made to the rule that those with savings of under £3,000 receive benefit in full ;

(2) what would be the cost of raising the level of savings under which housing benefit is payable to £10,000 (a) in 1989-90 and (b) in a full year on the assumption that (i) the rules for other benefits are unaltered, (ii) the interest actually received on savings and not an arbitrarily assumed return is used in assessing benefit and (iii) no change is made to the rule that those with savings of under £3,000 receive benefit in full.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I shall let the hon. Member have such information as can be obtained as soon as possible.

Spending Power

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he will publish tables using the assumptions in his answer to the hon. Member for Bradford, West (Mr. Madden) on 22 June, Official Report , columns 575-80 , but using expenditure and benefit figures appropriate for families in south Tyneside, together with a column showing the extent of the differences resulting from the April benefit changes.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 22 December 1988] : The information requested is set out in the tables. They compare the post- reform position in April 1988 not with all actual pre-form cash situation but with a hypothetical position which might have occurred, had the previous structure continued and been uprated on the assumptions in "Impact of the Reformed Structure of Income Related Benefits" (October 1987).

In addition, it should be noted that although the comparisons are based on average local authority housing charges in south Tyneside they do not necessarily reflect either the wide variety of rents and domestic rates that people in the borough actually pay or real families' circumstances and their housing arrangements. Finally, the comparisons take no account of the housing benefit transitional cash protection announced on 27 April.


Column 155


|c|Old benefit system at hypothetical rates April 1988|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

|c|South Tyneside LA|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

|c|Married couple with 2 children aged 4 and 6|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

Earnings head          |Tax                   |NI                    |FIS                   |Child benefit         |Rent                  |Rent rebate           |Rates                 |Rate rebate           |Fares to work         |Free school meals     |Free welfare milk     |Net inc. after housing                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    |costs                                        

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60.00                  |0.00                  |3.00                  |28.70                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |15.80                 |8.08                  |5.64                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |94.77                                        

70.00                  |0.00                  |4.90                  |23.70                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |14.55                 |8.08                  |5.24                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |96.22                                        

80.00                  |1.22                  |5.60                  |18.70                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |13.30                 |8.08                  |4.84                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |97.65                                        

90.00                  |3.92                  |6.30                  |13.70                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |12.05                 |8.08                  |4.44                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |97.60                                        

100.00                 |6.62                  |7.00                  |8.70                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |10.80                 |8.08                  |4.04                  |5.95                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |97.55                                        

110.00                 |9.32                  |9.90                  |3.70                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |9.29                  |8.08                  |3.48                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |94.88                                        

120.00                 |12.02                 |10.80                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |7.21                  |8.08                  |2.66                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |0.00                  |92.85                                        

130.00                 |14.72                 |11.70                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |3.91                  |8.08                  |1.36                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |0.00                  |94.65                                        

140.00                 |17.42                 |12.60                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.61                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |0.00                  |96.39                                        

150.00                 |20.12                 |13.50                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |99.63                                        

160.00                 |22.82                 |14.40                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |106.03                                       

170.00                 |25.52                 |15.30                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |112.43                                       


|c|New benefit system from April 1988|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

|c|South Tyneside LA|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

|c|Married couple with 2 children aged 4 and 6|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Earnings head          |Tax                   |NI                    |Family credit         |Child benefit         |Rent                  |Rent rebate           |Rates                 |Rate rebate           |Fares to work         |Net inc. after housing|Difference between                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      |costs                 |systems                                      

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60.00                  |0.00                  |3.00                  |40.32                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |2.56                  |8.08                  |0.67                  |5.85                  |83.80                 |-10.97                                       

70.00                  |0.00                  |4.90                  |34.65                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.98                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |83.98                 |-12.24                                       

80.00                  |1.22                  |5.60                  |28.99                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |85.42                 |-12.23                                       

90.00                  |3.92                  |6.30                  |24.37                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |87.40                 |-10.20                                       

100.00                 |6.62                  |7.00                  |19.75                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |89.38                 |-8.17                                        

110.00                 |9.32                  |9.90                  |16.67                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |90.70                 |-4.18                                        

120.00                 |12.02                 |10.80                 |12.19                 |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |92.62                 |-0.23                                        

130.00                 |14.72                 |11.70                 |7.71                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |94.54                 |-0.11                                        

140.00                 |17.42                 |12.60                 |3.23                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |96.46                 |+0.07                                        

150.00                 |20.12                 |13.50                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |99.63                 |0.00                                         

160.00                 |22.82                 |14.40                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |106.03                |0.00                                         

170.00                 |25.52                 |15.30                 |0.00                  |14.50                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |112.43                |0.00                                         


|c|Old benefit system at hypothetical rates April 1988|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

|c|South Tyneside LA|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

|c|Married couple with 3 children aged 3, 8 and 11|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Earnings head          |Tax                   |NI                    |FIS                   |Child benefit         |Rent                  |Rent rebate           |Rates                 |Rate rebate           |Fares to work         |Free school meals     |Free welfare milk     |Net inc. after housing                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    |costs                                        

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60.00                  |0.00                  |3.00                  |32.90                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |16.84                 |8.08                  |5.98                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |110.15                                       

70.00                  |0.00                  |4.90                  |30.50                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |14.94                 |8.08                  |5.37                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |113.34                                       

80.00                  |1.22                  |5.60                  |25.50                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |13.69                 |8.08                  |4.97                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |114.77                                       

90.00                  |3.92                  |6.30                  |20.50                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |12.44                 |8.08                  |4.57                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |114.72                                       

100.00                 |6.62                  |7.00                  |15.50                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |11.19                 |8.08                  |4.17                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |114.67                                       

110.00                 |9.32                  |9.90                  |10.50                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |9.80                  |8.08                  |3.68                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |112.19                                       

120.00                 |12.02                 |10.80                 |5.50                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |8.15                  |8.08                  |3.03                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |111.29                                       

130.00                 |14.72                 |11.70                 |0.50                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |6.50                  |8.08                  |2.38                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |1.83                  |110.39                                       

140.00                 |17.42                 |12.60                 |0.00                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |3.36                  |8.08                  |1.14                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |0.00                  |110.08                                       

150.00                 |20.12                 |13.50                 |0.00                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |5.10                  |0.00                  |111.98                                       

160.00                 |22.82                 |14.40                 |0.00                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |113.28                                       

170.00                 |25.52                 |15.30                 |0.00                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |119.68                                       


|c|New benefit system from April 1988|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

|c|South Tyneside LA|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

|c|Married couple with 3 children aged 3, 8 and 11|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Earnings head          |Tax                   |NI                    |Family credit         |Child benefit         |Rent                  |Rent rebate           |Rates                 |Rate rebate           |Fares to work         |Net inc. after housing|Difference between                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      |costs                 |systems                                      

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60.00                  |0.00                  |3.00                  |51.72                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.90                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |100.12                |-10.03                                       

70.00                  |0.00                  |4.90                  |46.05                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |101.65                |-11.69                                       

80.00                  |1.22                  |5.60                  |40.39                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |104.07                |-10.70                                       

90.00                  |3.92                  |6.30                  |35.77                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |106.05                |-8.67                                        

100.00                 |6.62                  |7.00                  |31.15                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |108.03                |-6.64                                        

110.00                 |9.32                  |9.90                  |28.07                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |109.35                |-2.84                                        

120.00                 |12.02                 |10.80                 |23.59                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |111.27                |-0.02                                        

130.00                 |14.72                 |11.70                 |19.11                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |113.19                |+2.80                                        

140.00                 |17.42                 |12.60                 |14.63                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |115.11                |+5.03                                        

150.00                 |20.12                 |13.50                 |10.15                 |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |117.03                |+5.05                                        

160.00                 |22.82                 |14.40                 |5.67                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |118.95                |+5.67                                        

170.00                 |25.52                 |15.30                 |1.19                  |21.75                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |120.87                |+1.19                                        


|c|Old benefit system at hypothetical rates April 1988|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

|c|South Tyneside LA|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

|c|Single person with 2 children aged 4 and 6|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Earnings head          |Tax                   |NI                    |FIS                   |Child benefit         |Rent                  |Rent rebate           |Rates                 |Rate rebate           |Fares to work         |Free school meals     |Free welfare milk     |Net inc. after housing                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    |costs                                        

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60.00                  |0.00                  |3.00                  |28.70                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |14.58                 |8.08                  |5.25                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |98.06                                        

70.00                  |0.00                  |4.90                  |23.70                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |13.33                 |8.08                  |4.85                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |99.51                                        

80.00                  |1.22                  |5.60                  |18.70                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |12.08                 |8.08                  |4.45                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |100.94                                       

90.00                  |3.92                  |6.30                  |13.70                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |10.83                 |8.08                  |4.05                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |100.89                                       

100.00                 |6.62                  |7.00                  |8.70                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |9.32                  |8.08                  |3.49                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |100.42                                       

110.00                 |9.32                  |9.90                  |3.70                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |7.67                  |8.08                  |2.84                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |1.83                  |97.52                                        

120.00                 |12.02                 |10.80                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |5.59                  |8.08                  |2.02                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |0.00                  |95.49                                        

130.00                 |14.72                 |11.70                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |2.29                  |8.08                  |0.72                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |0.00                  |97.29                                        

140.00                 |17.42                 |12.60                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |2.55                  |0.00                  |100.68                                       

150.00                 |20.12                 |13.50                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |104.53                                       

160.00                 |22.82                 |14.40                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |110.93                                       

170.00                 |25.52                 |15.30                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |0.00                  |0.00                  |117.33                                       


|c|New benefit system from April 1988|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

|c|South Tyneside LA|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

|c|Single person with 2 children aged 4 and 6|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Earnings head          |Tax                   |NI                    |Family credit         |Child benefit         |Rent                  |Rent rebate           |Rates                 |Rate rebate           |Fares to work         |Net inc. after housing|Difference between                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      |costs                 |systems                                      

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60.00                  |0.00                  |3.00                  |40.32                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |85.47                 |-12.59                                       

70.00                  |0.00                  |4.90                  |34.65                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |87.90                 |-11.61                                       

80.00                  |1.22                  |5.60                  |28.99                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |90.32                 |-10.62                                       

90.00                  |3.92                  |6.30                  |24.37                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |92.30                 |-8.59                                        

100.00                 |6.62                  |7.00                  |19.75                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |94.28                 |-6.14                                        

110.00                 |9.32                  |9.90                  |16.67                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |95.60                 |-1.92                                        

120.00                 |12.02                 |10.80                 |12.19                 |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |97.52                 |+2.03                                        

130.00                 |14.72                 |11.70                 |7.71                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |99.44                 |+2.15                                        

140.00                 |17.42                 |12.60                 |3.23                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |101.36                |+0.68                                        

150.00                 |20.12                 |13.50                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |104.53                |0.00                                         

160.00                 |22.82                 |14.40                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |110.93                |0.00                                         

170.00                 |25.52                 |15.30                 |0.00                  |19.40                 |17.32                 |0.00                  |8.08                  |0.00                  |5.85                  |117.33                |0.00                                         


|c|Benefit system from April 1988|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

|c|Assumptions as in "Impact of reformed structure of income related benefits" October 1987.|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                              

|c|Average local authority rent and rates for South Tyneside lone mother with two children aged 4 and 6|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                   

                                         |Income Support           |Rent                     |Rates                    |Housing Benefit          |CHB                      |FSM                      |FWM                      |Net weekly spending power|Difference between                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         |systems                                            

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

a. Not working after one year on benefit |45.35                    |17.32                    |8.08                     |23.84                    |19.40                    |2.55                     |1.83                     |66.27                    |-1.88                                              


                          |Income support           |Earnings                 |Tax                      |NI                       |Fares to work            |Rent                     |Rates                    |Housing Benefit          |CHB                      |FSM                      |FWM                      |Net weekly spending power|Difference between                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  |systems                                            

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

b. Working part                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

   time earning                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

   £20                    |40.35                    |20.00                    |0.00                     |0.00                     |2.92                     |17.32                    |8.08                     |23.84                    |19.40                    |2.55                     |1.83                     |78.35                    |+8.16                                              

c. Working part                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

   time earning                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

   £40                    |20.35                    |40.00                    |0.00                     |0.00                     |2.92                     |17.32                    |8.08                     |23.84                    |19.40                    |2.55                     |1.83                     |78.35                    |+6.70                                              


|c|Old tax and benefit system-assuming average local authority rent and rates for South Tyneside and a simple rescaling of April  

1987 benefits|c|                                                                                                                  

|c|to April 1988|c|                                                                                                               

|c|Lone mother with 2 children aged 4 and 6|c|                                                                                    

                          |(a)                      |(b)                      |(c)                                                

                          |Not working after one    |Working part time earning|Working part time earning                          

                          |year on benefit          |£20                      |£40                                                

                          |£                        |£                        |£                                                  

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Supplementary benefit     |45.93                    |30.89                    |14.35                                              

Earnings                  |-                        |20.00                    |40.00                                              

Tax                       |-                        |0.00                     |0.00                                               

NI                        |-                        |0.00                     |2.00                                               

Fares to work             |-                        |2.92                     |2.92                                               

Rent                      |17.32                    |17.32                    |17.32                                              

Rates                     |8.08                     |8.08                     |8.08                                               

Housing benefit           |23.84                    |23.84                    |23.84                                              

CHB                       |19.40                    |19.40                    |19.40                                              

FSM                       |2.55                     |2.55                     |2.55                                               

FWM                       |1.83                     |1.83                     |1.83                                               

Net weekly spending power |68.15                    |70.19                    |71.65                                              


Column 161

Widows

45. Mr. Hind : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how many representations he has received concerning benefits for widows since the implementation of the Social Security Act 1986 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Moore [pursuant to the reply, 19 December 1988, column 123] : I have been closely monitoring the operation of the social security reforms introduced by the Social Security Act 1986. An important part of those reforms was the restructuring of widows' benefits. The prime purpose of these changes was to focus help on older widows and widows with dependent children.

The Government believed then--and continue to believe--that the measures taken to change widows' benefit were right ; over the years the needs of widows have changed dramatically. But the basic structure of widows' benefits have remained substantially unaltered for forty years, a period when there have been far reaching social changes. More women work than ever before and occupational pension cover for widows has grown significantly. The reforms concentrate help when and where it is most needed--immediately on bereavement and to provide continuing help to widows with children and older widows. When the revised arrangements were introduced on 11 April 1988, some women whose husbands had died before that date lost their entitlement to widows' pension which they would have had under the old rules. Several such widows have taken cases to the social security commissioner. The commissioner's decisions on four of those cases were published earlier today. We are studying carefully the full legal implications and whether there is a need to appeal on any point. The commissioner decided in these cases that there was entitlement to widows' pension for those receiving widows' allowance but not for those receiving widowed mothers' allowance. I have decided however irrespective of the commissioner's decisions, on grounds of equity and fairness, to extend entitlement to women widowed before 11 April 1988 on the basis of the arrangements applying before that date. My decision will bring in those entitled to widowed mothers' allowance as well as widows' allowance. As a consequence of my decision, entitlement to widows' pension will be extended to the following groups of women widowed before 11 April 1988.

(i Women widowed when aged 40 or over but under 45 entitled to widows' allowance on 11 April 1988 (the group benefiting from the commissioner's decision). This group will now have entitlement to widows' pension.

(ii Women widowed when aged 45 or over but under 55 entitled to widows' allowance on 11 April 1988. This group will now have entitlement to a higher rate of widows' pension.

(iii Women entitled to widowed mothers' allowance on 11 April 1988 and who will be aged 40 or over but under 45 when their children cease to be dependent. This group will have entitlement to widows' pension.

(iv Women entitled to widowed mothers' allowance on 11 April 1988 and who will be aged 45 or over but under 55 when their children cease to be dependent. This group will have entitlement to a higher rate of widows' pension.


Column 162

There will be no changes to affect those women widowed after 11 April 1988.

My Department will be identifying and contacting the women affected in the next few weeks, and will be arranging payment as soon as possible. Any widow who thinks she may be affected and who has not been contacted within six weeks should get in touch with her local social security office. Over 20,000 women are expected to be affected by these changes at an estimated net cost to public funds of around £5 million in a full year. Payments will be made from the national insurance fund. The additional costs in the current year and 1989-90 will be met from the Reserve. It will not therefore add to the planned total of public expenditure. I propose to bring forward an amendment to the Social Security Bill currently before the House as soon as practicable. This will also include provision to allow payment of benefit in cases beyond a 12-month period.

EMPLOYMENT

Vocational Qualifications

89. Mr. David Davis : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what progress has been made by the National Council for Vocational Qualifications in rationalising vocational qualifications.

Mr. Cope : The National Council for Vocational Qualifications, with the support of industry and the examining and awarding bodies, has established a four-level framework for national vocational qualifications (NVQ) and is making good progress in accrediting qualifications within that framework.

Qualifications are accredited only if they are based on nationally agreed standards of competence ; they are then allocated to the appropriate NVQ level. This process is already producing a clearer and more comprehensible qualifications system, and has led in some areas to the replacement of several awards by a single NVQ. So far, more than 80 qualifications from many sectors of industry and commerce have been accredited, and the council is on target to have levels one to four in place in all significant sectors of employment by 1991.

TVEI

90. Mr. Patnick : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what steps he is taking to further develop and extend the technical and vocational education initiative.

Mr. Cope : All education authorities in the country are now participating in TVEI ; 48 authorities are currently involved in extending the initiative to all their schools and colleges, 30 more authorities will begin their extension programmes in September 1989, and negotiations are continuing with a number of others. From this autumn, half a million students in more than 3,000 schools and colleges will be participating in TVEI.

Labour Statistics

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what were the numbers of (a) employees in employment, (b) self-employed, (c) persons on Government training schemes, and (d) Her Majesty's


Column 163

forces each year at mid-year from 1979 ; and what was the increase each year in each case in numbers and by percentage.


Column 164

Mr. Lee : The information is as follows :


Column 163


|c|Work force in employment in Great Britain|c|                                                                                                                           

Thousand. Seasonally adjusted                                                                                                                                             

                     Employees in                  Self-employed                 Participants in work          Her Majesty's Forces          Work force in                

                     employment                              related government                                          employment<2>                                    

                                                             training programmes                                                                                          

June each yNumber    Net change since    Number    Net change since    Number    Net change since    Number    Net change since    Number    Net change since             

                     previous year                 previous year                 previous year                 previous year                 previous year                

                    |Number   |Per cent.          |Number   |Per cent.          |Number   |Per cent.          |Number   |Per cent.          |Number   |Per cent.          

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1979      |22.611   |365      |2        |1.842    |-1       |0        |0        |0        |0        |314      |-4       |-1       |24.767   |360      |2                  

1980      |22.432   |-179     |-1       |1.950    |108      |6        |0        |0        |0        |323      |9        |3        |24.706   |-61      |0                  

1981      |21.362   |-1.070   |-5       |2.058    |108      |6        |0        |0        |0        |334      |11       |3        |23.754   |-952     |-4                 

1982      |20.896   |-466     |-2       |2.109    |51       |3        |0        |0        |0        |324      |-10      |-3       |23.329   |-425     |-2                 

1983      |20.556   |-340     |-2       |2.160    |51       |2        |8        |-        |-        |322      |-2       |-1       |23.046   |-283     |-1                 

1984      |20.729   |173      |1        |2.435    |275      |13       |168      |160      |2.000    |326      |4        |1        |23.658   |612      |3                  

1985      |20.995   |266      |1        |2.550    |115      |5        |168      |0        |0        |326      |0        |0        |24.039   |381      |2                  

1986      |21.079   |84       |0        |2.567    |17       |1        |218      |50       |30       |322      |-4       |-1       |24.184   |145      |1                  

1987      |21.315   |236      |1        |2.801    |234      |9        |303      |85       |39       |319      |-3       |-1       |24.736   |552      |2                  

1988<1>   |21.597   |282      |1        |2.925    |124      |4        |335      |32       |11       |316      |-3       |-1       |25.172   |436      |2                  

<1> Self-employed figures for June 1988 are projections.                                                                                                                  

<2> The work force in employment is the sum of employees in employment, the self-employed, Her Majesty's Forces and participants on work related Government training      

programmes.                                                                                                                                                               

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the number of vacancies, both regionally and nationally, each month since January 1986 ; and what was the six-monthly change in percentage terms in each case.

Mr. Lee : The following information is also in the Library. The table shows the seasonally adjusted level of unfilled vacancies at jobcentres for each month since January 1986 by region and nationally, together with the percentage change compared with six months previously.


|c|Unfilled vacancies at jobcentres|c|                                                              

                         |Unfilled vacancies      |Percentage change                                

                         |(seasonally adjusted)   |compared with six months                         

                                                  |ago                                              

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1986                                                                                                

January                  |60,330                  |-2.8                                             

February                 |63,460                  |1.9                                              

March                    |64,410                  |5.0                                              

April                    |65,250                  |4.5                                              

May                      |63,960                  |3.8                                              

June                     |68,280                  |14.5                                             

July                     |72,380                  |20.0                                             

August                   |75,480                  |18.9                                             

September                |76,710                  |19.1                                             

October                  |78,790                  |20.8                                             

November                 |80,820                  |26.4                                             

December                 |80,170                  |17.4                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |81,760                  |13.0                                             

February                 |80,180                  |6.2                                              

March                    |82,360                  |7.4                                              

April                    |83,540                  |6.0                                              

May                      |87,200                  |7.9                                              

June                     |87,920                  |9.7                                              

July                     |90,460                  |10.6                                             

August                   |90,690                  |13.1                                             

September                |94,220                  |14.4                                             

October                  |101,040                 |20.9                                             

November                 |107,060                 |22.8                                             

December                 |102,330                 |16.4                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |100,680                 |11.3                                             

February                 |100,380                 |10.7                                             

March                    |98,500                  |4.5                                              

April                    |101,520                 |.5                                               

May                      |100,300                 |-6.3                                             

June                     |100,790                 |-1.5                                             

July                     |95,930                  |-4.7                                             

August                   |92,430                  |-7.9                                             

September                |88,860                  |-9.8                                             

October                  |91,060                  |-10.3                                            

November                 |87,510                  |-12.8                                            

December                 |82,680                  |-18.0                                            

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |79,400                  |-17.2                                            

                                                                                                    

Greater London                                                                                      

1986                                                                                                

January                  |24,960                  |-5.5                                             

February                 |26,240                  |-0.5                                             

March                    |27,190                  |5.1                                              

April                    |27,360                  |5.8                                              

May                      |27,750                  |7.9                                              

June                     |28,440                  |14.3                                             

July                     |30,530                  |22.3                                             

August                   |32,430                  |23.6                                             

September                |32,630                  |20.0                                             

October                  |33,360                  |21.9                                             

November                 |34,500                  |24.3                                             

December                 |34,650                  |21.8                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |35,700                  |16.9                                             

February                 |35,520                  |9.5                                              

March                    |35,620                  |9.2                                              

April                    |35,810                  |7.3                                              

May                      |36,310                  |5.2                                              

June                     |36,250                  |4.6                                              

July                     |37,740                  |5.7                                              

August                   |36,950                  |4.0                                              

September                |38,530                  |8.2                                              

October                  |40,960                  |14.4                                             

November                 |43,160                  |18.9                                             

December                 |40,440                  |11.6                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |38,640                  |2.4                                              

February                 |36,580                  |-1.0                                             

March                    |34,290                  |-11.0                                            

April                    |35,130                  |-14.2                                            

May                      |34,350                  |-20.4                                            

June                     |33,550                  |-17.0                                            

July                     |30,450                  |-21.2                                            

August                   |29,400                  |-19.6                                            

September                |27,770                  |-19.0                                            

October                  |29,010                  |-17.4                                            

November                 |28,550                  |-16.9                                            

December                 |28,430                  |-15.3                                            

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |26,800                  |-12.0                                            

                                                                                                    

East Anglia                                                                                         

1986                                                                                                

January                  |5,670                   |-3.1                                             

February                 |5,660                   |-5.7                                             

March                    |5,700                   |-3.6                                             

April                    |5,710                   |-2.1                                             

May                      |5,380                   |-4.6                                             

June                     |6,020                   |10.5                                             

July                     |6,340                   |11.8                                             

August                   |6,460                   |14.1                                             

September                |6,560                   |15.1                                             

October                  |6,960                   |21.9                                             

November                 |6,690                   |24.3                                             

December                 |7,070                   |17.4                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |6,910                   |9.0                                              

February                 |7,030                   |8.8                                              

March                    |7,480                   |14.0                                             

April                    |7,440                   |6.9                                              

May                      |7,850                   |17.3                                             

June                     |7,940                   |12.3                                             

July                     |7,870                   |13.9                                             

August                   |8,150                   |15.9                                             

September                |8,320                   |11.2                                             

October                  |8,760                   |17.7                                             

November                 |8,990                   |14.5                                             

December                 |8,760                   |10.3                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |8,830                   |12.2                                             

February                 |8,850                   |8.6                                              

March                    |9,060                   |8.9                                              

April                    |9,440                   |7.8                                              

May                      |9,810                   |9.1                                              

June                     |9,940                   |13.5                                             

July                     |10,420                  |18.0                                             

August                   |10,200                  |15.3                                             

September                |10,310                  |13.8                                             

October                  |10,250                  |8.6                                              

November                 |10,120                  |3.2                                              

December                 |9,460                   |-4.8                                             

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |9,300                   |-10.7                                            

                                                                                                    

South West                                                                                          

1986                                                                                                

January                  |16,930                  |3.4                                              

February                 |17,940                  |5.9                                              

March                    |18,430                  |11.6                                             

April                    |18,210                  |5.4                                              

May                      |16,630                  |-6.0                                             

June                     |18,550                  |7.3                                              

July                     |18,610                  |9.9                                              

August                   |18,540                  |3.3                                              

September                |18,570                  |0.8                                              

October                  |18,290                  |0.4                                              

November                 |18,630                  |12.0                                             

December                 |18,230                  |-1.7                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |18,320                  |-1.6                                             

February                 |18,390                  |-0.8                                             

March                    |18,980                  |2.2                                              

April                    |19,300                  |5.5                                              

May                      |20,980                  |12.6                                             

June                     |20,150                  |10.5                                             

July                     |19,200                  |4.8                                              

August                   |19,620                  |6.7                                              

September                |19,970                  |5.2                                              

October                  |20,880                  |8.2                                              

November                 |20,230                  |-3.6                                             

December                 |20,060                  |-0.4                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |20,420                  |6.4                                              

February                 |19,820                  |1.0                                              

March                    |19,820                  |-0.8                                             

April                    |20,520                  |-1.7                                             

May                      |20,750                  |2.6                                              

June                     |20,940                  |4.4                                              

July                     |21,140                  |3.5                                              

August                   |20,160                  |1.7                                              

September                |20,200                  |1.9                                              

October                  |20,600                  |0.4                                              

November                 |19,870                  |-4.2                                             

December                 |20,170                  |-3.7                                             

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |20,000                  |-5.4                                             

                                                                                                    

West Midlands                                                                                       

1986                                                                                                

January                  |13,180                  |12.9                                             

February                 |13,540                  |12.3                                             

March                    |14,140                  |13.4                                             

April                    |13,730                  |6.0                                              

May                      |13,960                  |8.2                                              

June                     |15,020                  |15.9                                             

July                     |15,910                  |20.7                                             

August                   |17,230                  |27.3                                             

September                |16,530                  |16.9                                             

October                  |17,140                  |24.8                                             

November                 |16,990                  |21.7                                             

December                 |17,350                  |15.5                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |17,590                  |10.6                                             

February                 |18,130                  |5.2                                              

March                    |18,330                  |10.9                                             

April                    |18,560                  |8.3                                              

May                      |20,570                  |21.1                                             

June                     |20,950                  |20.7                                             

July                     |21,450                  |21.9                                             

August                   |21,930                  |21.0                                             

September                |22,740                  |24.1                                             

October                  |24,370                  |31.3                                             

November                 |24,750                  |20.3                                             

December                 |24,190                  |15.5                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |24,370                  |13.6                                             

February                 |24,400                  |11.3                                             

March                    |24,010                  |5.6                                              

April                    |24,020                  |-1.4                                             

May                      |23,570                  |-4.8                                             

June                     |23,820                  |-1.5                                             

July                     |23,720                  |-2.7                                             

August                   |22,910                  |-6.1                                             

September                |22,960                  |-4.4                                             

October                  |25,370                  |5.6                                              

November                 |25,270                  |7.2                                              

December                 |24,760                  |3.9                                              

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |23,110                  |-2.6                                             

                                                                                                    

East Midlands                                                                                       

1986                                                                                                

January                  |9,590                   |5.3                                              

February                 |9,790                   |8.7                                              

March                    |9,890                   |10.4                                             

April                    |9,910                   |9.3                                              

May                      |9,510                   |3.4                                              

June                     |9,940                   |6.4                                              

July                     |10,490                  |9.4                                              

August                   |10,830                  |10.6                                             

September                |10,690                  |8.1                                              

October                  |11,170                  |12.7                                             

November                 |11,220                  |18.0                                             

December                 |10,810                  |8.8                                              

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |10,950                  |4.4                                              

February                 |11,090                  |2.4                                              

March                    |19,900                  |2.0                                              

April                    |11,670                  |4.5                                              

May                      |12,720                  |13.4                                             

June                     |12,500                  |15.6                                             

July                     |12,350                  |12.8                                             

August                   |12,410                  |11.9                                             

September                |12,750                  |17.0                                             

October                  |13,150                  |12.7                                             

November                 |12,880                  |1.3                                              

December                 |12,740                  |1.9                                              

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |12,730                  |3.1                                              

February                 |13,010                  |4.8                                              

March                    |13,180                  |3.4                                              

April                    |13,750                  |4.6                                              

May                      |13,890                  |7.8                                              

June                     |14,030                  |10.1                                             

July                     |13,750                  |8.0                                              

August                   |13,580                  |4.4                                              

September                |13,860                  |5.2                                              

October                  |14,630                  |6.4                                              

November                 |14,360                  |3.4                                              

December                 |14,190                  |1.1                                              

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |13,920                  |1.2                                              

                                                                                                    

Yorkshire and Humberside                                                                            

1986                                                                                                

January                  |9,350                   |0.5                                              

February                 |9,330                   |9.0                                              

March                    |9,410                   |9.3                                              

April                    |9,640                   |13.5                                             

May                      |10,320                  |18.9                                             

June                     |11,310                  |22.4                                             

July                     |11,720                  |25.3                                             

August                   |12,370                  |32.6                                             

September                |12,460                  |32.4                                             

October                  |13,270                  |37.7                                             

November                 |13,620                  |32.0                                             

December                 |13,220                  |16.9                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |13,860                  |18.3                                             

February                 |14,230                  |15.0                                             

March                    |14,980                  |20.2                                             

April                    |14,960                  |12.7                                             

May                      |15,800                  |16.0                                             

June                     |15,660                  |18.5                                             

July                     |15,290                  |10.3                                             

August                   |15,770                  |10.8                                             

September                |16,230                  |8.3                                              

October                  |17,010                  |13.7                                             

November                 |16,840                  |6.6                                              

December                 |16,400                  |4.7                                              

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |15,910                  |4.1                                              

February                 |15,850                  |0.5                                              

March                    |15,690                  |-3.3                                             

April                    |15,730                  |-7.5                                             

May                      |15,110                  |-10.3                                            

June                     |15,140                  |-7.7                                             

July                     |15,210                  |-4.4                                             

August                   |15,030                  |-5.2                                             

September                |15,340                  |-2.2                                             

October                  |16,340                  |3.9                                              

November                 |15,440                  |2.2                                              

December                 |14,880                  |-1.7                                             

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |14,420                  |-5.2                                             

                                                                                                    

North West                                                                                          

1986                                                                                                

January                  |16,820                  |7.5                                              

February                 |17,820                  |12.5                                             

March                    |17,480                  |5.2                                              

April                    |17,440                  |3.9                                              

May                      |17,330                  |4.9                                              

June                     |18,780                  |12.1                                             

July                     |19,400                  |15.3                                             

August                   |19,810                  |11.2                                             

September                |19,630                  |12.3                                             

October                  |20,810                  |19.3                                             

November                 |21,330                  |23.1                                             

December                 |21,660                  |15.3                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |21,970                  |13.2                                             

February                 |21,550                  |8.8                                              

March                    |22,580                  |15.0                                             

April                    |23,030                  |10.7                                             

May                      |24,220                  |13.5                                             

June                     |24,500                  |13.1                                             

July                     |24,970                  |13.7                                             

August                   |25,060                  |16.3                                             

September                |25,070                  |11.0                                             

October                  |26,820                  |16.5                                             

November                 |26,310                  |8.6                                              

December                 |23,720                  |-3.2                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |22,410                  |-10.3                                            

February                 |22,170                  |-11.5                                            

March                    |23,930                  |-4.5                                             

April                    |23,950                  |-10.7                                            

May                      |24,000                  |-8.8                                             

June                     |23,910                  |0.8                                              

July                     |23,250                  |3.7                                              

August                   |22,920                  |3.4                                              

September                |23,420                  |-2.1                                             

October                  |25,770                  |7.6                                              

November                 |25,820                  |7.6                                              

December                 |24,670                  |3.2                                              

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |22,840                  |-1.8                                             

                                                                                                    

Northern                                                                                            

1986                                                                                                

January                  |8,240                   |3.78                                             

February                 |8,600                   |12.27                                            

March                    |8,800                   |8.11                                             

April                    |8,770                   |8.54                                             

May                      |8,910                   |10.14                                            

June                     |9,250                   |16.65                                            

July                     |9,780                   |18.69                                            

August                   |10,530                  |22.44                                            

September                |10,610                  |20.57                                            

October                  |11,320                  |29.08                                            

November                 |11,600                  |30.19                                            

December                 |11,330                  |22.49                                            

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |11,560                  |18.20                                            

February                 |11,280                  |7.12                                             

March                    |11,270                  |6.22                                             

April                    |11,650                  |2.92                                             

May                      |11,720                  |1.03                                             

June                     |12,130                  |7.06                                             

July                     |12,260                  |6.06                                             

August                   |12,190                  |8.07                                             

September                |12,170                  |7.99                                             

October                  |12,700                  |9.01                                             

November                 |12,800                  |9.22                                             

December                 |12,080                  |-0.41                                            

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |11,460                  |-6.53                                            

February                 |11,520                  |-5.50                                            

March                    |11,590                  |-4.77                                            

April                    |11,680                  |-8.03                                            

May                      |11,680                  |-8.75                                            

June                     |11,860                  |-1.82                                            

July                     |11,230                  |-2.01                                            

August                   |10,780                  |-6.42                                            

September                |10,560                  |-8.89                                            

October                  |11,480                  |-1.71                                            

November                 |11,260                  |-3.60                                            

December                 |11,630                  |-1.94                                            

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |11,190                  |-0.36                                            

                                                                                                    

Wales                                                                                               

1986                                                                                                

January                  |8,510                   |5.32                                             

February                 |8,430                   |6.04                                             

March                    |8,790                   |11.83                                            

April                    |8,670                   |7.17                                             

May                      |8,750                   |6.71                                             

June                     |9,110                   |7.18                                             

July                     |9,660                   |13.51                                            

August                   |10,090                  |19.69                                            

September                |10,400                  |18.32                                            

October                  |10,770                  |24.22                                            

November                 |10,200                  |16.57                                            

December                 |10,490                  |15.15                                            

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |10,510                  |8.80                                             

February                 |10,820                  |7.23                                             

March                    |10,280                  |-1.15                                            

April                    |10,230                  |-5.01                                            

May                      |10,510                  |3.04                                             

June                     |11,530                  |9.91                                             

July                     |10,990                  |4.57                                             

August                   |11,140                  |2.96                                             

September                |11,270                  |9.63                                             

October                  |12,340                  |20.63                                            

November                 |11,810                  |12.37                                            

December                 |11,110                  |-3.64                                            

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |11,200                  |1.91                                             

February                 |11,180                  |0.36                                             

March                    |11,060                  |-1.86                                            

April                    |11,940                  |-3.24                                            

May                      |12,640                  |7.03                                             

June                     |12,400                  |11.61                                            

July                     |12,480                  |11.43                                            

August                   |12,130                  |8.50                                             

September                |12,130                  |9.67                                             

October                  |12,430                  |4.10                                             

November                 |12,640                  |0.00                                             

December                 |12,360                  |-0.32                                            

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |12,140                  |-2.72                                            

                                                                                                    

Scotland                                                                                            

1986                                                                                                

January                  |14,320                  |-1.58                                            

February                 |14,940                  |4.6                                              

March                    |15,780                  |8.1                                              

April                    |15,740                  |6.0                                              

May                      |15,880                  |9.7                                              

June                     |16,990                  |21.9                                             

July                     |17,430                  |21.7                                             

August                   |17,280                  |15.7                                             

September                |16,930                  |7.3                                              

October                  |16,360                  |3.9                                              

November                 |16,660                  |4.9                                              

December                 |16,750                  |-1.4                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |17,470                  |0.2                                              

February                 |17,640                  |2.1                                              

March                    |17,910                  |5.8                                              

April                    |17,230                  |5.3                                              

May                      |18,050                  |8.3                                              

June                     |18,340                  |9.5                                              

July                     |18,430                  |5.5                                              

August                   |18,660                  |5.8                                              

September                |19,460                  |8.7                                              

October                  |20,590                  |19.5                                             

November                 |20,950                  |16.1                                             

December                 |20,610                  |12.4                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |19,630                  |6.5                                              

February                 |19,490                  |4.4                                              

March                    |19,750                  |1.5                                              

April                    |20,600                  |0.0                                              

May                      |20,060                  |-4.2                                             

June                     |19,630                  |-4.8                                             

July                     |19,790                  |0.8                                              

August                   |19,970                  |2.5                                              

September                |20,040                  |1.5                                              

October                  |20,550                  |-0.2                                             

November                 |20,010                  |-0.2                                             

December                 |20,500                  |4.4                                              

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |19,910                  |0.6                                              

                                                                                                    

Great Britain                                                                                       

1986                                                                                                

January                  |162,940                 |1.5                                              

February                 |169,500                 |5.6                                              

March                    |172,840                 |7.3                                              

April                    |173,070                 |5.6                                              

May                      |170,640                 |4.7                                              

June                     |183,240                 |13.8                                             

July                     |191,700                 |17.7                                             

August                   |198,620                 |17.2                                             

September                |199,080                 |15.2                                             

October                  |204,880                 |18.4                                             

November                 |207,760                 |21.8                                             

December                 |207,070                 |13.0                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |210,900                 |10.0                                             

February                 |210,350                 |5.9                                              

March                    |215,070                 |8.0                                              

April                    |217,600                 |6.2                                              

May                      |229,640                 |10.5                                             

June                     |231,620                 |11.9                                             

July                     |233,280                 |10.6                                             

August                   |235,610                 |12.0                                             

September                |242,200                 |12.6                                             

October                  |257,660                 |18.4                                             

November                 |262,610                 |14.4                                             

December                 |251,990                 |8.8                                              

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |247,640                 |6.2                                              

February                 |246,680                 |4.7                                              

March                    |246,590                 |1.8                                              

April                    |253,140                 |-1.8                                             

May                      |251,810                 |-4.1                                             

June                     |252,480                 |0.2                                              

July                     |246,930                 |-0.3                                             

August                   |240,110                 |-2.7                                             

September                |237,650                 |-3.6                                             

October                  |248,460                 |-1.8                                             

November                 |242,290                 |-3.8                                             

December                 |235,300                 |-6.8                                             

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |226,200                 |-8.4                                             

                                                                                                    

Northern Ireland                                                                                    

1986                                                                                                

January                  |1,791                   |9.9                                              

February                 |1,907                   |20.9                                             

March                    |1,915                   |16.4                                             

April                    |2,069                   |27.4                                             

May                      |2,007                   |22.6                                             

June                     |1,992                   |17.2                                             

July                     |2,032                   |13.5                                             

August                   |2,128                   |11.6                                             

September                |2,114                   |10.4                                             

October                  |2,118                   |2.4                                              

November                 |2,130                   |6.1                                              

December                 |1,925                   |-3.4                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |2,010                   |-1.1                                             

February                 |1,990                   |-6.5                                             

March                    |1,963                   |-7.1                                             

April                    |1,981                   |-6.5                                             

May                      |1,992                   |-6.5                                             

June                     |2,031                   |5.5                                              

July                     |2,021                   |0.5                                              

August                   |2,089                   |5.0                                              

September                |2,191                   |11.6                                             

October                  |2,246                   |13.4                                             

November                 |2,449                   |22.9                                             

December                 |2,937                   |44.6                                             

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |3,134                   |55.1                                             

February                 |2,871                   |37.4                                             

March                    |2,799                   |27.7                                             

April                    |2,801                   |24.7                                             

May                      |2,651                   |8.2                                              

June                     |2,619                   |-10.8                                            

July                     |2,725                   |-13.1                                            

August                   |2,639                   |-8.1                                             

September                |2,625                   |-6.2                                             

October                  |2,695                   |-3.8                                             

November                 |2,863                   |8.0                                              

December                 |2,993                   |14.3                                             

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |2,989                   |9.7                                              

                                                                                                    

United Kingdom                                                                                      

1986                                                                                                

January                  |164,731                 |1.6                                              

February                 |171,407                 |5.7                                              

March                    |174,755                 |7.4                                              

April                    |175,139                 |5.8                                              

May                      |172,647                 |4.8                                              

June                     |185,232                 |13.8                                             

July                     |193,732                 |17.6                                             

August                   |200,748                 |17.1                                             

September                |201,194                 |15.1                                             

October                  |206,998                 |18.2                                             

November                 |209,890                 |21.6                                             

December                 |208,995                 |12.8                                             

                                                                                                    

1987                                                                                                

January                  |212,910                 |9.9                                              

February                 |212,340                 |5.8                                              

March                    |217,033                 |7.9                                              

April                    |219,581                 |6.1                                              

May                      |231,632                 |10.4                                             

June                     |233,651                 |11.8                                             

July                     |235,301                 |10.5                                             

August                   |237,699                 |11.9                                             

September                |244,391                 |12.6                                             

October                  |259,906                 |18.4                                             

November                 |265,059                 |14.4                                             

December                 |254,927                 |9.1                                              

                                                                                                    

1988                                                                                                

January                  |250,774                 |6.6                                              

February                 |249,551                 |5.0                                              

March                    |249,389                 |2.0                                              

April                    |255,941                 |-1.5                                             

May                      |254,461                 |-4.0                                             

June                     |255,099                 |0.1                                              

July                     |249,655                 |-0.4                                             

August                   |242,749                 |-2.7                                             

September                |240,275                 |-3.7                                             

October                  |251,155                 |-1.9                                             

November                 |245,153                 |-3.7                                             

December                 |238,293                 |-6.6                                             

                                                                                                    

1989                                                                                                

January                  |229,229                 |-8.2                                             

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the increase in employment each quarter since January 1980 ; what was the percentage change for (a) each quarter and (b) each year ; and how many jobs in each quarter were (i) full-time male,(ii) full-time female, (iii) part-time male and (iv) part-time female.

Mr. Lee : The available information is as follows :


Column 171


|c|Work force in employment in Great Britain (seasonally adjusted)|c|                                     

                Work force in                                                                             

                employment                                                                                

                Males                                  Females                                            

               |Full-time   |Part-time<1>|All         |Full-time   |Part-time   |All                      

               |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands                

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

December 1979  |<2>         |<2>         |15,006      |5,827       |4,053       |9,880                    

March 1980     |<2>         |<2>         |14,958      |5,777       |4,089       |9,866                    

June 1980      |14,030      |856         |14,886      |5,711       |4,109       |9,819                    

September 1980 |<2>         |<2>         |14,731      |5,663       |4,075       |9,738                    

December 1980  |<2>         |<2>         |14,558      |5,589       |4,058       |9,647                    

March 1981     |<2>         |<2>         |14,387      |5,532       |4,047       |9,579                    

June 1981      |13,390      |843         |14,232      |5,480       |4,041       |9,521                    

September 1981 |<2>         |<2>         |14,118      |5,458       |4,054       |9,512                    

December 1981  |<2>         |<2>         |14,012      |5,425       |4,052       |9,478                    

March 1982     |<2>         |<2>         |13,957      |5,449       |4,029       |9,478                    

June 1982      |13,016      |869         |13,885      |5,420       |4,023       |9,443                    

September 1982 |<2>         |<2>         |13,810      |5,369       |4,023       |9,392                    

December 1982  |<2>         |<2>         |13,721      |5,366       |3,974       |9,340                    

March 1983     |12,795      |868         |13,663      |5,357       |3,977       |9,334                    

June 1983      |12,740      |895         |13,635      |5,378       |4,032       |9,411                    

September 1983 |12,762      |982         |13,744      |5,417       |4,143       |9,560                    

December 1983  |12,762      |1,039       |13,801      |5,459       |4,212       |9,670                    

March 1984     |12,802      |1,030       |12,832      |5,496       |4,237       |9,733                    

June 1984      |12,830      |1,045       |13,875      |5,523       |4,260       |9,783                    

September 1984 |12,882      |1,048       |13,930      |5,558       |4,296       |9,854                    

December 1984  |12,917      |1,077       |13,994      |5,570       |4,344       |9,914                    

March 1985     |12,953      |1,062       |14,015      |5,605       |4,357       |9,962                    

June 1985      |12,944      |1,086       |14,029      |5,623       |4,387       |10,010                   

September 1985 |12,953      |1,096       |14,049      |5,636       |4,448       |10,084                   

December 1985  |12,935      |1,112       |14,047      |5,643       |4,456       |10,099                   

March 1986     |12,918      |1,086       |14,004      |5,647       |4,482       |10,128                   

June 1986      |12,861      |1,138       |13,999      |5,647       |4,539       |10,186                   

September 1986 |12,879      |1,167       |14,046      |5,672       |4,604       |10,276                   

December 1986  |12,860      |1,198       |14,059      |5,706       |4,654       |10,359                   

March 1987     |12,899      |1,201       |14,100      |5,723       |4,696       |10,418                   

June 1987      |12,938      |1,263       |14,201      |5,777       |4,758       |10,535                   

September 1987 |12,973      |1,306       |14,279      |5,808       |4,806       |10,614                   

December 1987  |12,971      |1,343       |14,314      |5,858       |4,847       |10,705                   

March 1988     |13,029      |1,330       |14,359      |5,892       |4,882       |10,774                   

June 1988      |13,007      |1,356       |14,363      |5,910       |4,899       |10,809                   

September 1988 |13,035      |1,358       |14,393      |5,966       |4,934       |10,899                   

<1> Part-time male figures are not seasonally adjusted.                                                   

<2> Unavailable.                                                                                          


|c|Work force in employment in Great Britain (seasonally adjusted)|c|                                     

                Net change over                                                                           

                previous quarter                                                                          

                Males                                  Females                                            

               |Full-time   |Part-time<1>|All         |Full-time   |Part-time   |All                      

               |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands   |Thousands                

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

December 1979  |<2>         |<2>         |0           |6           |35          |41                       

March 1980     |<2>         |<2>         |-47         |-51         |36          |-14                      

June 1980      |<2>         |<2>         |-72         |-66         |19          |-46                      

September 1980 |<2>         |<2>         |-155        |-48         |-33         |-81                      

December 1980  |<2>         |<2>         |-173        |-74         |-17         |-92                      

March 1981     |<2>         |<2>         |-172        |-56         |-11         |-67                      

June 1981      |<2>         |<2>         |-154        |-52         |-6          |-58                      

September 1981 |<2>         |<2>         |-114        |-22         |13          |-9                       

December 1981  |<2>         |<2>         |-106        |-33         |-2          |-35                      

March 1982     |<2>         |<2>         |-55         |24          |-23         |0                        

June 1982      |<2>         |<2>         |-72         |-29         |-5          |-34                      

September 1982 |<2>         |<2>         |-75         |-51         |-1          |-51                      

December 1982  |<2>         |<2>         |-90         |-4          |-49         |-52                      

March 1983     |<2>         |<2>         |-57         |-9          |3           |-6                       

June 1983      |-55         |27          |-28         |21          |55          |77                       

September 1983 |22          |87          |109         |38          |111         |149                      

December 1983  |0           |57          |57          |42          |68          |110                      

March 1984     |40          |-9          |31          |37          |26          |63                       

June 1984      |28          |15          |43          |27          |23          |50                       

September 1984 |52          |3           |55          |35          |36          |71                       

December 1984  |35          |29          |64          |12          |48          |59                       

March 1985     |36          |-16         |21          |35          |13          |49                       

June 1985      |-10         |24          |14          |17          |30          |48                       

September 1985 |10          |10          |20          |14          |61          |74                       

December 1985  |-18         |16          |-2          |7           |8           |15                       

March 1986     |-16         |-28         |-43         |4           |26          |29                       

June 1986      |-57         |52          |-6          |0           |57          |57                       

September 1986 |18          |30          |47          |25          |65          |90                       

December 1986  |-18         |31          |13          |34          |50          |84                       

March 1987     |39          |3           |42          |17          |42          |59                       

June 1987      |39          |62          |101         |54          |62          |117                      

September 1987 |34          |43          |78          |31          |48          |79                       

December 1987  |-2          |37          |35          |50          |41          |92                       

March 1988     |58          |-13         |45          |34          |35          |89                       

June 1988      |-22         |26          |4           |18          |17          |35                       

September 1988 |28          |2           |30          |56          |35          |91                       

<1>Part-time male figures are not seasonally adjusted.                                                    

<2>Unavailable.                                                                                           


Column 175


|c|Work force in employment in Great Britain (seasonally adjusted)|c|                                     

                Percentage change over                                                                    

                previous quarter                                                                          

                Males                                  Females                                            

               |Full-time   |Part-time<1>|All         |Full-time   |Part-time   |All                      

               |per cent.   |per cent.   |per cent.   |per cent.   |per cent.   |per cent.                

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

December 1979  |<2>         |<2>         |0.0         |0.1         |0.9         |0.4                      

March 1980     |<2>         |<2>         |-0.3        |-0.9        |0.9         |-0.1                     

June 1980      |<2>         |<2>         |-0.5        |-1.1        |0.5         |-0.5                     

September 1980 |<2>         |<2>         |-1.0        |-0.8        |-0.8        |-0.8                     

December 1980  |<2>         |<2>         |-1.2        |-1.3        |-0.4        |-0.9                     

March 1981     |<2>         |<2>         |-1.2        |-1.0        |-0.3        |-0.7                     

June 1981      |<2>         |<2>         |-1.1        |-0.9        |-0.1        |-0.6                     

September 1981 |<2>         |<2>         |-0.8        |-0.4        |0.3         |-0.1                     

December 1981  |<2>         |<2>         |-0.8        |-0.6        |0.0         |-0.4                     

March 1982     |<2>         |<2>         |-0.4        |0.4         |-0.6        |0.0                      

June 1982      |<2>         |<2>         |-0.5        |-0.5        |-0.1        |-0.4                     

September 1982 |<2>         |<2>         |-0.5        |-0.9        |0.0         |-0.5                     

December 1982  |<2>         |<2>         |-0.6        |-0.1        |-1.2        |-0.6                     

March 1983     |<2>         |<2>         |-0.4        |-0.2        |0.1         |-0.1                     

June 1983      |-0.4        |3.2         |-0.2        |0.4         |1.4         |0.8                      

September 1983 |0.2         |9.7         |0.8         |0.7         |2.7         |1.6                      

December 1983  |0.0         |5.8         |0.4         |0.8         |1.7         |1.2                      

March 1984     |0.3         |-0.9        |0.2         |0.7         |0.6         |0.7                      

June 1984      |0.2         |1.5         |0.3         |0.5         |0.5         |0.5                      

September 1984 |0.4         |0.3         |0.4         |0.6         |0.8         |0.7                      

December 1984  |0.3         |2.8         |0.5         |0.2         |1.1         |0.6                      

March 1985     |0.3         |-1.4        |0.1         |0.6         |0.3         |0.5                      

June 1985      |-0.1        |2.2         |0.1         |0.3         |0.7         |0.5                      

September 1985 |0.1         |1.0         |0.1         |0.2         |1.4         |0.7                      

December 1985  |-0.1        |1.5         |0.0         |0.1         |0.2         |0.1                      

March 1986     |-0.1        |-2.3        |-0.3        |0.1         |0.6         |0.3                      

June 1986      |-0.4        |4.8         |0.0         |0.0         |1.3         |0.8                      

September 1986 |0.1         |2.6         |0.3         |0.4         |1.4         |0.9                      

December 1986  |-0.1        |2.7         |0.1         |0.6         |1.1         |0.8                      

March 1987     |0.3         |0.2         |0.3         |0.3         |0.9         |0.6                      

June 1987      |0.3         |5.1         |0.7         |0.9         |1.3         |1.1                      

September 1987 |0.3         |3.4         |0.5         |0.5         |1.0         |0.7                      

December 1987  |0.0         |2.8         |0.2         |0.9         |0.9         |0.9                      

March 1988     |0.4         |-1.0        |0.3         |0.6         |0.7         |0.6                      

June 1988      |-0.2        |2.0         |0.0         |0.3         |0.3         |0.3                      

September 1988 |0.2         |0.1         |0.2         |0.9         |0.7         |0.8                      

<1> Part-time male figures are not seasonally adjusted.                                                   

<2> Unavailable.                                                                                          


|c|Work force in employment in Great Britain (seasonally adjusted)|c|                                                                                                                   

                        Work force in                                                                                                                                                   

                        employment                                                                                                                                                      

                        Males                                                                Females                                                                                    

                       |Full-time Thousands   |Part-time<1> Thousands|All Thousands         |Full-time Thousands   |Part-time Thousands   |All Thousands                                

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

December 1979          |<2>                   |<2>                   |47                    |<2>                   |<2>                   |182                                          

March 1980             |<2>                   |<2>                   |-3                    |<2>                   |<2>                   |128                                          

June 1980              |-105                  |22                    |-83                   |-104                  |126                   |22                                           

September 1980         |<2>                   |<2>                   |-274                  |-158                  |58                    |-100                                         

December 1980          |<2>                   |<2>                   |-447                  |-239                  |5                     |-233                                         

March 1981             |<2>                   |<2>                   |-572                  |-244                  |-42                   |-286                                         

June 1981              |-640                  |-14                   |-654                  |-230                  |-68                   |-298                                         

September 1981         |<2>                   |<2>                   |-613                  |-205                  |-21                   |-226                                         

December 1981          |<2>                   |<2>                   |-547                  |-164                  |-6                    |-169                                         

March 1982             |<2>                   |<2>                   |-430                  |-84                   |-18                   |-102                                         

June 1982              |-374                  |27                    |-347                  |-60                   |-18                   |-78                                          

September 1982         |<2>                   |<2>                   |-308                  |-89                   |-32                   |-120                                         

December 1982          |<2>                   |<2>                   |-291                  |-59                   |-78                   |-138                                         

March 1983             |<2>                   |<2>                   |-294                  |-92                   |-52                   |-144                                         

June 1983              |-276                  |26                    |-250                  |-41                   |9                     |-33                                          

September 1983         |<2>                   |<2>                   |-66                   |47                    |121                   |168                                          

December 1983          |<2>                   |<2>                   |80                    |93                    |238                   |330                                          

March 1984             |7                     |162                   |169                   |139                   |260                   |399                                          

June 1984              |90                    |150                   |240                   |145                   |228                   |372                                          

September 1984         |120                   |66                    |186                   |141                   |153                   |294                                          

December 1984          |155                   |38                    |193                   |111                   |132                   |243                                          

March 1985             |151                   |32                    |183                   |109                   |120                   |229                                          

June 1985              |113                   |41                    |154                   |99                    |127                   |227                                          

September 1985         |71                    |48                    |119                   |78                    |152                   |230                                          

December 1985          |18                    |35                    |53                    |73                    |112                   |185                                          

March 1986             |-35                   |24                    |-11                   |41                    |125                   |166                                          

June 1986              |-83                   |52                    |-31                   |24                    |152                   |178                                          

September 1986         |-75                   |71                    |-3                    |35                    |156                   |191                                          

December 1986          |-75                   |86                    |12                    |63                    |198                   |261                                          

March 1987             |-19                   |115                   |96                    |76                    |214                   |290                                          

June 1987              |77                    |125                   |203                   |130                   |219                   |349                                          

September 1987         |94                    |138                   |233                   |136                   |202                   |338                                          

December 1987          |111                   |145                   |255                   |152                   |194                   |346                                          

March 1988             |129                   |129                   |258                   |169                   |186                   |356                                          

June 1988              |68                    |93                    |162                   |133                   |141                   |274                                          

September 1988         |62                    |52                    |114                   |158                   |128                   |286                                          

<1>Part-time male figures are not seasonally adjusted.                                                                                                                                  

<2>Unavailable.                                                                                                                                                                         


|c|Workforce in employment in Great Britain (seasonally adjusted)|c|                                      

|c|Percentage change over previous year|c|                                                                

(Per cent.)                                                                                               

                Males                                  Females                                            

               |Full-time   |Part-time<1>|All         |Full-time   |Part-time   |All                      

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

December 1979  |<2>         |<2>         |0.3         |<2>         |<2>         |1.9                      

March 1980     |<2>         |<2>         |0           |<2>         |<2>         |1.3                      

June 1980      |-0.7        |2.6         |-0.6        |-1.8        |3.2         |0.2                      

September 1980 |<2>         |<2>         |-1.8        |-2.7        |1.4         |-1.0                     

December 1980  |<2>         |<2>         |-3.0        |-4.1        |0.1         |-2.4                     

March 1981     |<2>         |<2>         |-3.8        |-4.2        |-1.0        |-2.9                     

June 1981      |-4.6        |-1.6        |-4.4        |-4.0        |-1.5        |-3.0                     

September 1981 |<2>         |<2>         |-4.2        |-3.6        |-0.5        |-2.3                     

December 1981  |<2>         |<2>         |-3.8        |-2.9        |-0.1        |-1.8                     

March 1982     |<2>         |<2>         |-3.0        |-1.5        |-0.4        |-1.1                     

June 1982      |-2.8        |3.2         |-2.4        |-1.1        |-0.4        |-0.8                     

September 1982 |<2>         |<2>         |-2.2        |-1.6        |-0.8        |-1.3                     

December 1982  |<2>         |<2>         |-2.1        |-1.1        |-1.9        |-1.5                     

March 1983     |<2>         |<2>         |-2.1        |-1.7        |-1.3        |-1.5                     

June 1983      |-2.1        |3.0         |-1.8        |-0.8        |0.2         |-0.3                     

September 1983 |<2>         |<2>         |-0.5        |0.9         |3.0         |1.8                      

December 1983  |<2>         |<2>         |0.6         |1.7         |6.0         |3.5                      

March 1984     |0.1         |18.7        |1.2         |2.6         |6.5         |4.3                      

June 1984      |0.7         |16.7        |1.8         |2.7         |5.7         |4.0                      

September 1984 |0.9         |6.7         |1.4         |2.6         |3.7         |3.1                      

December 1984  |1.2         |3.7         |1.4         |2.0         |3.1         |2.5                      

March 1985     |1.2         |3.1         |1.3         |2.0         |2.8         |2.4                      

June 1985      |0.8         |3.9         |1.1         |1.8         |3.0         |2.3                      

September 1985 |0.6         |4.6         |0.9         |1.4         |3.5         |2.3                      

December 1985  |0.1         |3.2         |0.4         |1.3         |2.6         |1.9                      

March 1986     |-0.3        |2.3         |-0.1        |0.7         |2.9         |1.7                      

June 1986      |-0.6        |4.8         |-0.2        |0.4         |3.5         |1.8                      

September 1986 |-0.6        |6.5         |0           |0.6         |3.5         |1.9                      

December 1986  |-0.6        |7.8         |0.1         |1.1         |4.4         |2.6                      

March 1987     |-0.1        |10.6        |0.7         |1.3         |4.8         |2.9                      

June 1987      |0.6         |11.0        |1.4         |2.3         |4.8         |3.4                      

September 1987 |0.7         |11.9        |1.7         |2.4         |4.4         |3.3                      

December 1987  |0.9         |12.1        |1.8         |2.7         |4.2         |3.3                      

March 1988     |1.0         |10.7        |1.8         |3.0         |4.0         |3.4                      

June 1988      |0.5         |7.4         |1.1         |2.3         |3.0         |2.6                      

September 1988 |0.5         |4.0         |0.8         |2.7         |2.7         |2.7                      

<1> Part-time male figures are not seasonally adjusted.                                                   

<2> Unavailable.                                                                                          

Loan Guarantee Scheme

Mr. Fatchett : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment, pursuant to his reply to the hon. Member for Leeds, Central of 20 February, Official Report, column 464, if there is any basis by which he is able to estimate the number and location of jobs created by the loan guarantee scheme ; and on what basis the net Exchequer cost of £450 per job is estimated.

Mr. Cope : The geographical breakdown of guarantees issued under the loan guarantee scheme up to 31 January 1989 is as follows :


Column 178


                         |Number of guarantees|Value £ million                          

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

North East               |977                 |30.18                                    

North West               |2,679               |82.25                                    

Yorkshire and Humberside |1,652               |48.33                                    

West Midlands            |1,794               |56.77                                    

East Midlands            |1,352               |45.48                                    

South East               |7,778               |280.55                                   

South West               |1,990               |62.15                                    

Scotland                 |1,533               |46.79                                    

Wales                    |1,010               |31.56                                    

Northern Ireland         |278                 |10.01                                    

                         |-------             |-------                                  

Total                    |21,043              |694.07                                   

Information is not available that would permit reliable estimates of the number and location of jobs created to be estimated. The net Exchequer cost is calculated by taking payments where guarantees are called, less premia received, and any later recoveries of guarantee payments. Deductions are made for savings in benefits and tax and national insurance payments in the first year after the loan is made, which are additional to those that would have occurred in the absence of the loan. The total number of additional jobs is estimated from surveys of loan recipients and banks such as that carried out last year by National Economic Research Associates.

Maternity Leave

Mr. Alton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he has any plans to review the rules on maternity leave.

Mr. Nicholls : My right hon. Friend has no plans to do so.

Mr. Alton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he has any plans to bring British rules on maternity leave into line with European countries ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Nicholls : My right hon. Friend has no plans to do so. European countries have different arrangements for maternity leave/absence and associated rights according to their own priorities.

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD

EC Fishing Regulations

Mr. David Porter : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what plans he has further to improve the enforcing of European Community fishing regulations ; and how he intends to negotiate with other European Community Ministers to ensure a uniform enforcement within the Community.

Mr. Donald Thompson : Enforcement of Community fishing regulations by the United Kingdom is recognised as being of a standard which is one of the highest in the Community. The United Kingdom has also taken the lead in pressing for improvements in the enforcement performance of other member states, and will continue to do so. Largely due to our efforts, there have been real improvements in other member states over recent years, and Community rules in this area have also been strengthened. There is now a real penalty for member states if they overfish ; the powers and complement of the Community inspectorate have been increased, and the council agree measures towards the end of last year which will improve enforcement in the case of vessels landing in a member state other than that in which it is registered. More recently the Commission has made a proposal which would provide Community funding to help improve member states' enforcement.


Column 180

Sheep Variable Premium

Mr. Amos : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make it his policy to resist the imposition of any headage limits as part of any replacement arrangements for the sheep variable premium scheme.

Mr. Donald Thompson : I shall continue to oppose the introduction of headage limits in the EC sheepmeat regime.

Goat Milk

Mr. Anthony Coombs : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if there are any plans for goat milk production to be put under the same legislative control as dairy milk production.

Mr. Donald Thompson : I refer my hon. Friend to the reply I gave to the hon. Member for Birmingham, Perry Barr (Mr. Rooker) on 8 February at column 710.

Salmonella Enteritidis

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether he has plans to conduct or fund research into the development of a rapid, sensitive and specific test for salmonella enteritidis phage 4 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Ryder [holding answer 20 February 1989] : My Department has kept closely in touch with the development of a rapid, sensitive and specific test for salmonella enteritidis in the AFRC institute of food research, Norwich laboratory. The Department of Education and Science is funding the work which forms the basis of this test and my Department is working with the institute on further extensions of the technology.

Studies are also taking place at the central veterinary laboratory on the application of a whole-blood test in the field as a flock-screening test. This will be followed by work on laboratory tests such as ELISA and antiglobulin tests.

Lindane and PCP

Mr. Allen : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will list the countries in the EEC which (a) ban Lindane and PCP and (b) allow Lindane and PCP to be used as wood preservatives (i) with restrictions and (ii) without restrictions.

Mr. Nicholls : I have been asked to reply.

Though it is not complete, information currently available to the Health and Safety Executive indicates that, in the European Community, wood preservatives containing PCP are banned in Denmark, Greece and the Netherlands and those containing Lindane in Italy and the Netherlands. I regret that full information on restrictions could be obtained only at disproportionate cost, but the HSE knows of only one EC country, France, which is thought to place no restrictions. In the United Kingdom all wood preservatives are subject to the control of pesticides regulations.


 

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