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Column 345


                         Cash terms                                      Real terms<1>                                                          

Year                    |Capital allocation     |Percentage             |Capital allocation £   |Percentage                                     

                                                |increase/decrease on   |million                |increase/decrease on                           

                                                |previous year Per cent.                        |previous year Per cent.                        

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1981-82                 |<2>10.828              |-                      |<2>15.525              |-                                              

1982-83                 |<2>12.206              |12.7                   |<2>16.334              |5.2                                            

1983-84                 |13.632                 |11.7                   |17.448                 |6.8                                            

1984-85                 |15.760                 |15.6                   |19.200                 |10.0                                           

1985-86                 |15.550                 |-1.3                   |17.974                 |-6.4                                           

1986-87                 |15.650                 |0.6                    |17.506                 |-2.6                                           

1987-88                 |13.650                 |-12.8                  |14.503                 |-17.1                                          

1988-89                 |11.020                 |-19.3                  |11.020                 |-24.0                                          

1989-90                 |10.880                 |-1.3                   |10.362                 |-6.0                                           

<1> Converted to 1988-89 prices using GDP deflator.                                                                                             

<2> Figures also include a very small amount for public transport.                                                                              

Roads (West Sussex)

Sir Peter Hordern : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what has been the capital allocation for roads in West Sussex in each of the last five years.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The information requested is given in the following table :


Year                   |Capital Allocation for                       

                       |Roads (£ million)                            

---------------------------------------------------------------------

1985-86                |8.300                                        

1986-87                |8.370                                        

1987-88                |7.200                                        

1988-89                |7.460                                        

1989-90                |3.300                                        

The figure for 1989-90 reflects the reduction in the county's TSG programme as four major schemes--A24 improvements at Farthings hill and Dial Post, A264 Horsham northern bypass and A272 Cuckfield bypass--open to traffic and expenditure on them tails off.

Roads (Shire Counties)

Sir Peter Hordern : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will publish a table showing the capital allocation for roads in each of the shire counties at the latest convenient date.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The 1989-90 roads capital allocations for the shire counties were included in my reply to the hon. Member for Lewisham, Deptford (Ms. Ruddock) on 16 February 1989 at columns 287-90.

Lichfield-Redditch Line

Mr. Corbett : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he will now announce his decision on the application by the British Rail board and West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive for approval of a scheme to electrify the Lichfield-Redditch cross-city line.


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Mr. Portillo : No proposal has been submitted for approval. I understand that British Rail is doing further work on the case. If the case for electrification is financially robust, we shall be happy to approve it.

Settle-Carlisle Line

Mr. Hague : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport with how many groups he is in negotiation about the future of the Settle to Carlisle railway ; and when he expects to make an announcement on the future of the line.

Mr. Portillo : My right hon. Friend is not negotiating with anyone, but British Rail is actively considering whether the line could be run by the private sector were he to decide to give consent to withdrawal of British Rail passenger services. My right hon. Friend will make a statement when he has fully considered all the evidence.

Guards (Statistics)

Mr. Gordon Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will make it his policy to gather statistics on the number of guards on (a) British Rail trains, (b) London Regional Transport buses and (c) London Regional Transport underground in 1978, 1984 and the latest year available.

Mr. Portillo : No. This is a management matter for the operators.

Chapel-en-le-Frith/Whaley Bridge Bypass

Mr. Tony Lloyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if Government normal accountancy controls have identified any differences or defects with the contract for the

Chapel-en-le-Frith/Whaley bridge bypass, as raised in his answer to the hon. Member for Stretford, 29 July 1988, Official Report, column 775.

Mr. Peter Bottomley [holding answer 2 March 1989] : We are continuing with our investigations. The final account has not yet been submitted.


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NATIONAL FINANCE

Capital Gains Tax

Mr. John Marshall : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what impact the changes in capital gains taxes in the Finance Act 1988 have had on the level of activity on the stock exchange.

Mr. Norman Lamont : I am not aware of any evidence that the changes in capital gains taxes in the 1988 Finance Act have had a significant impact on stock market activity over any period of time since their announcement in the 1988 Budget.

Information Technology

Mr. Atkinson : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement of progress on the introduction of information technologies to facilitate internal communications in his Department and the provision of information to the public concerning those areas for which he is responsible ; and if he has any further plans to apply the newest technologies in these fields.

Mr. Brooke : The Treasury uses a range of information technology equipment including word processors, micro and mainframe computers and electronic networks and mail.

The equipment supports a variety of activities including econometric modelling, public expenditure monitoring and control, Civil Service pay and records systems, management information, text production and internal communications.

It is also used in the production and publication of a range of documents including the Public Expenditure White Paper and Supply Estimates. Along with other departments, the Treasury has begun sending information electronically to the media.

Payroll Giving

Mr. Gordon Brown : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) how many people are now making contributions under the payroll giving scheme ; what is the total amount given to charity ; and what is the cost to the Exchequer ;

(2) what is the percentage of taxpayers who are in the payroll giving scheme.

Mr. Norman Lamont : It is estimated that about 100,000 employees are currently participating in the payroll giving scheme. This represents about 0.5 per cent. of all income taxpayers. Information on the amount of donations is only available for 1987-88, the first year of the scheme, when about £1 million was donated. The level of donations is expected to be substantially higher in 1988-89. The cost of the income tax relief in 1987- 88 was about £300,000.

Business Expansion Scheme

Mr. Gordon Brown : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the total cost so far of business expansion tax relief for 1988-89 ; and what was the cost in previous years of the scheme.

Mr. Norman Lamont : A forecast of £100 million for the cost of relief for the business expansion scheme in 1988-89


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was published in the Government's expenditure plans, 1989-90 to 1991-92, (Chapter 21), but no information is yet available centrally from official sources to provide a reliable estimate. The estimated cost of relief for earlier years is as follows :


           |£ million          

-------------------------------

1983-84    |50                 

1984-85    |75                 

1985-86    |85                 

1986-87    |95                 

1987-88<1> |120                

<1> provisional                

Mr. Gordon Brown : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) how much tax relief has gone to the business expansion scheme on residential property ; and what his estimate is of the full year cost of tax relief.

(2) what is his estimate of the cost of business expansion scheme tax relief on residential property in 1989-90 and 1990-91.

Mr. Norman Lamont : No information on the cost of the business expansion scheme tax relief for investments in residential property is yet available centrally from official sources. Costs in 1989-90 and 1990-91 will depend on take-up.

Tax Fraud (Scotland)

Mr. David Marshall : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many investigators are employed by the Inland Revenue to detect fraud in Scotland relating to income tax, allowances and corporation tax ; what is the sum recovered in the most recent year for which figures are available ; and what number of staff he expects to be employed on this work in each of the next three years.

Mr. Norman Lamont : There are currently 287 staff units directly engaged on tax investigation work in Scotland. In 1987-88 they brought in tax, interest and penalties totalling £68.91 million. The Inland Revenue will continue to keep the number of investigators in Scotland under review.

Premium Bonds

Mr. Burns : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people are employed in running the premium bond system.

Mr. Lilley : The number of people employed in running the premium bond system as at 1 February 1989 was 1,292.

War Stock

Mr. Allan Stewart : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the annual cost of distributing dividends to those who hold £10 or less of 3 per cent. war stock.

Mr. Lilley : I regret that this information could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

Inland Revenue (Staff)

Mr. Trotter : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) what are the current shortages of staff as against entitlement in the Inland Revenue for each grade in (a) London and (b) the south-east ;


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(2) what is the current rate of turnover of staff in each grade of the Inland Revenue in (a) London and (b) the south- east ; (3) what is the establishment in each grade of the Inland Revenue ; how many are in post in each grade ; and what is the pay scale for each grade.


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Mr. Norman Lamont [holding answer 21 February 1989] : The information, in relation to the main grades, is as follows :


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                               |1                       |2                       |3                       |4                       |5                       |6                       |7                                                

                               |Per cent. Annual        |Per cent. Annual        |Shortfall (-) or Surplus|Shortfall (-) or Surplus|Complement National     |Staff in post National  |Pay Scales £                                     

                               |Resignation London      |Resignation South East  |(+) of staff in London  |(+) of staff in South                                                                                                       

                                                                                                          |East                                                                                                                        

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tax Office Grades                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Inspector (Fully Trained)      |11.4                    |7.3                     |-63                     |-32                     |2,536                   |2,320                   |8,460-33,819                                     

Inspector (General Group)      |4.2                     |4.4                     |-99                     |-66                     |5,324                   |4,940                   |8,458-27,087                                     

Technical Trainee}                                                               |70                      |70                      |450                     |900                     |8,460-14,595                                     

Tax Officer (Higher}           |16.4                    |7.5                                                                                                                                                                           

 Grade)}                                                                         |-41                     |-42                     |9,982                   |9,960                   |6,543-11,688                                     

Tax Officer                    |12.8                    |12.9                    |76                      |166                     |14,082                  |14,520                  |4,160-8,737                                      

Revenue Assistant              |20.9                    |20.3                    |-99                     |-107                    |11,502                  |11,062                  |3,633-6,679                                      

Others                         |12.1                    |11.9                    |-23                     |5                       |2,805                   |2,951                   |-                                                

                               |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                                          

  Total                        |13.9                    |12.3                    |-179                    |-6                      |46,681                  |46,653                  |-                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Collection Office Grades                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Collector (Higher Grade)                                                                                                                                                                                                               

 and above                     |1.4                     |1.6                     |-8                      |-1                      |888                     |873                     |10,788-30,357                                    

Collector                      |12.3                    |1.7                     |-55                     |3                       |2,337                   |2,232                   |6,453-11,688                                     

Assistant Collector            |22.5                    |10.9                    |49                      |58                      |3,844                   |4,189                   |4,019-8,737                                      

Revenue Assistant              |27.7                    |26.1                    |-74                     |-78                     |1,598                   |1,233                   |3,633-6,679                                      

Others                         |17.9                    |12.2                    |-10                     |-5                      |545                     |498                     |-                                                

                               |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                                          

  Total                        |17.0                    |9.2                     |-98                     |-23                     |9,212                   |9,025                   |-                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Valuation Office Grades                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Professional Staff             |15.1                    |10.1                    |-86                     |-21                     |2,209                   |1,991                   |4,835-33,819                                     

Valuation Technician and above |4.4                     |2.9                     |-30                     |-11                     |1,447                   |1,362                   |6,242-16,860                                     

Valuation Clerk                |17.7                    |21.8                    |10                      |-5                      |1,358                   |1,333                   |4,019-8,182                                      

Revenue Assistant              |26.9                    |46.4                    |-12                     |-1                      |1,064                   |1,004                   |3,633-6,242                                      

Others                         |17.0                    |4.0                     |3                       |2                       |456                     |477                     |-                                                

                               |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                                          

  Total                        |14.5                    |16.4                    |-115                    |-36                     |6,534                   |6,167                   |-                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Administration Group Grades                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Higher Executive Officer                                                                                                                                                                                                               

 and above                     |4.9                     |2.5                     |-20                     |-6                      |1,677                   |1,641                   |10,434-33,819                                    

Executive Officer              |7.1                     |6.4                     |-20                     |-10                     |1,391                   |1,351                   |6,134-10,755                                     

Administrative Officer         |9.2                     |6.1                     |-5                      |-2                      |915                     |907                     |3,873-7,555                                      

Administrative Assistant       |22.4                    |29.8                    |-2                      |3                       |590                     |596                     |3,523-6,081                                      

Others                         |12.5                    |12.1                    |-5                      |-3                      |990                     |980                     |-                                                

                               |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                                          

  Total                        |8.4                     |8.8                     |-52                     |-18                     |5,563                   |5,475                   |-                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

                               |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                 |-------                                          

  Departmental Total           |13.6                    |11.6                    |-444                    |-83                     |67,990                  |67,320                  |-                                                

Notes                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

1. Columns 1-4 "London" and "South East" in these four columns refer to the Inland Revenue's four London regions and south east region rspectively.                                                                                    

2. Columns 1-2 These columns give annualised resignation rates based on actual resignations during the nine months April-December 1988 inclusive. The annualised rates have been reached by simple extrapolation. Final outturn        

figures for the year ending 31 March 1988 are likely to differ, at least at the margin.                                                                                                                                                

3. Columns 3-6 These columns show the position at 1 January 1989.                                                                                                                                                                      

4. Column 7  This column shows the current minimum and maximum points of the relevant national pay scales. It excludes London weighting (currently £1,750 inner London, £1,000 intermediate area and £725 outer London) and local pay  

additions of £600 payable to certain grades (up to EO and equivalent levels), primarily in specific locations on the London periphery but outside the London weighting areas. It also excludes, where applicable, further payments     

attainable for sustained high performance. The pay ranges shown for the more senior grades in each group exclude pay ranges applicable to the senior open structure (grades 1, 2 and 3).                                               

5. The figures in columns 1-6 refer to permanant staff. In addition, at 1 January 1989 the Department employed some 1,300 casual staff, of whom about 350 were in the London regions and 250 in south east region. These to some       

extent offset shortages of permanent staff.                                                                                                                                                                                            

Tax Thresholds and Income Tax

Mr. Alexander : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will tabulate the income tax thresholds and respective rates of income tax for each financial year since 1959-60


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for the United Kingdom ; if he will provide similar information available to him for the Isle of Man ; and if he will make a statement.


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Mr. Norman Lamont [holding answer 27 February 1989] : The main thresholds and rates in the United Kingdom and the Isle of Man for every fifth year since 1959-60 are given in the tables. Complete information on all personal reliefs, allowances and rates of income tax in the United Kingdom 1959-60 to 1988-89 is published in The Taxes Acts, volume 2 (Income tax, corporation tax and capital gains tax), tables A-N. Information on income tax rates and thresholds in the Isle of Man is published in The Isle of Man Tax Amendment Acts.


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|c|Income tax thresholds and rates in the United Kingdom, 1959-60 to 1969-70|c|                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Year                          Personal allowance                                        Earned income relief         Standard<1> rate             Reduced rates                small income:                                             Marginal Small income:                                                                

                             |Single £                    |Married £                                                |per cent.                   |£                           |per cent.                   |Limit £                     |Fraction                    |Limit £                                                  

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1959-60                      |140                         |240                         |2/9 of earned income up     |38.75                       |60 @ 8.75                   |300                         |2/9                         |405                         |2/5                                                      

                                                                                       |to £4,005                                                |150 @ 21.25                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                       |1/9 of next £5,940 of earned                             |150 @ 31.25                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                       |income maximum relief:                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                       |£1,550                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1964-65                      |200                         |320                         |as above                    |38.75                       |100 @ 20.00                 |450                         |2/9                         |680                         |1/2                                                      

                                                                                                                                                 |200 @ 30.00                                                                                                                                                                  

1969-70                      |255                         |375                         |as above                    |41.25                       |260 @ 30.00                 |450                         |2/9                         |710                         |1/2                                                      

<1>Surtax was charged up until 1972-73, details of rates and thresholds are published in table N, volume 2 of the Taxes Acts.                                                                                                                                                                                                  


|c|Income Tax Thresholds and Rates in the United Kingdom, 1974-75 to 1988-89|c|                                         

                Personal allowance            Rates of income tax           Rates and thresholds                        

                                                             of investment income                                       

                                                             surcharge<1>                                               

Year           |Single        |Married       |Taxable income|Rate          |Invest        |Rate                         

               |£             |£             |£             |Percentage    |£             |Percentage                   

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1974-75        |625           |865           |1- 4,500      |33                                                         

                                             |4,501- 5,000  |38            |1-1,000       |Nil                          

                                             |5,001- 6,000  |43            |1,001-2,000   |10                           

                                             |6,001- 7,000  |48            |Over 2,000    |15                           

                                             |7,001- 8,000  |53                                                         

                                             |8,001-10,000  |58                                                         

                                             |10,001-12,000 |63                                                         

                                             |12,001-15,000 |68                                                         

                                             |15,001-20,000 |73                                                         

                                             |Over 20,000   |83                                                         

                                                                                                                        

1979-80        |1,165         |1,815         |1-  750       |<2>25                                                      

                                             |751-10,000    |30            |1-5,000       |Nil                          

                                             |10,001-12,000 |40            |Over 5,000    |15                           

                                             |12,001-15,000 |45                                                         

                                             |15,001-20,000 |50                                                         

                                             |20,001-25,000 |55                                                         

                                             |Over 25,000   |60                                                         

                                                                                                                        

1984-85        |2,005         |3,155         |1-15,400      |30                                                         

                                             |15,401-18,200 |40                                                         

                                             |18,201-23,100 |45                                                         

                                             |23,101-30,600 |50                                                         

                                             |30,601-38,100 |55                                                         

                                             |Over 38,100   |60                                                         

                                                                                                                        

1988-89        |2,605         |4,095         |1-19,300      |25                                                         

                                             |Over 19,300   |40                                                         

<1> Investment income surcharge was abolished in 1984-85.                                                               

<2> Reduced rate of income tax.                                                                                         


|c|Income tax rates and thresholds in the Isle of Man, 1959-60 to 1988-89|c|                                                                

Year                 Personal allowance                      Earned income       Tax rates<1>                                               

                    |Single             |Married            |allowance          |Taxable income     |Rate                                   

                    |£                  |£                                      |£                  |per cent.                              

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1959-60             |200                |350                |quarter of earned  |0-250              |11.25                                  

                                                            |income up to £1,200|251-500            |00.15                                  

                                                            |one fifth of excess|501-750            |18.75                                  

                                                            |(maximum £460)     |over 750           |22.50                                  

1964-65             |225                |425                |as above           |0-250              |10.00                                  

                                                                                |251-500            |15.00                                  

                                                                                |over 500           |21.25                                  

1969-70             |275                |525                |quarter of earned  |as for 1964-65                                             

                                                            |income (maximum                                                                

                                                            |£600)                                                                          

1974-75              550                 850                 quarter of earned   all taxable income: 21.25                                  

                                                            |income (maximum                                                                

                                                            |£900)                                                                          

1979-80              1,040               1,645               quarter of earned   all taxable income: 20.50                                  

                                                            |income (maximum                                                                

                                                            |£1,100)                                                                        

1984-85              1,690               2,880               quarter of earned   all taxable income: 20.00                                  

                                                            |income (maximum                                                                

                                                            |£1,550)                                                                        

1988-89             |3,600              |7,200              |suspended          |0-6,000            |15                                     

                                                                                |over 6,000         |20                                     

<1> Plus Surtax on sliding scale 4.16-30 per cent. on income over £2,500 (top rate at £20,000).                                             

Workplace Nurseries

Mr. Nigel Griffiths : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what are the estimated receipts to the Exchequer from the taxation of workplace nurseries.

Mr. Norman Lamont [holding answer 28 February 1989] : I refer the hon. Member to the reply which I gave him on 27 February at column 27.

Income Tax

Mr. Shersby : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the percentage of income tax payers in the United Kingdom who receive an income tax return form requiring them to give details of their income subject to tax under schedule E in accordance with PAYE ; and if he has any e plans to increase the number of recipients following computerisation of the Inland Revenue.

Mr. Norman Lamont [holding answer 2 March 1989] : The Inland Revenue issues returns to all taxpayers who they think might pay too much or too little tax in the absence of a return. Taxpayers whose main source of income is subject to tax under schedule D are sent returns annually. Taxpayers whose man source of income is subject to tax under schedule E in accordance with PAYE are sent returns on a selective basis dependent on the complexity of their tax affairs. In 1988-89 16.3 per cent. of PAYE taxpayers were issued with a return. There are no plans to change the Inland Revenue's practice on the issue of returns as a result of computerisation.

SCOTLAND

Companies

Mr. Sillars : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list the companies who have established a productive or service capacity in Scotland and are still operating over the past 10 years.

Mr. Lang : The information requested is not available.

Salmon

Mrs. Golding : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what steps he intends to take to control the establishment of freshwater cages for salmon smolt rearing in lochs to prevent pollution and the threat to indigenous salmon from escapees ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Fish farming in Scotland is already subject to a number of different authorisation and


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control procedures. These include provisions contained in the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1972 which provide for control over the establishment of cages for salmon smolt rearing in Scottish freshwater lochs. Powers also exist in the Control of Pollution Act 1974 for the control of water pollution. My hon. Friend, the Minister for Home Affairs and the Environment in Scotland, in his answer to the hon. Member for Caithness and Sutherland (Mr. Maclennan) on 10 January 1989 at column 555, announced that we will seek powers to ensure that discharges from fish farms can be controlled as trade effluents by river purification authorities.

The most important measures of protection for wild salmon stocks are good husbandry practice in fish farms and hatcheries and the measures, which the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland administers, under the diseases of fish legislation. My right hon. and learned Friend commissions a wide range of research on salmonid and other freshwater fish and on fish cultivation, including studies of diseases and interaction between wild and farmed stock, with the co-operation of fish farming organisations and other interests. Further studies, including work on the genetic diversity of salmon stocks, are under consideration.

Potato Marketing Board

Mr. Home Robertson : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will place in the Library copies of the representations that he has received on the future of the Potato Marketing Board.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : I refer the hon. Member to the answer given to him by my right hon. Friend the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.

Ministerial Letters

Mr. Harry Ewing : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what is the average time taken by each of his Ministers to reply to letters sent to them by right hon. and hon. Members.

Mr. Rifkind : An ad hoc survey conducted within my Department during a representative period in 1988 showed an average response time of 23 days.

Recreation Projects

Mr. Allan Stewart : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list the leisure and recreation projects for which capital consent has been granted to district councils for 1989-90 ; and if he will make a statement.


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Mr. Lang : Capital consents are not normally issued specifically for leisure and recreation projects. Leisure and recreation is one of 19 services within the general services programme for which a block consent is issued taking into account local authorities' proposals for capital expenditure on all these services.

Capital Allocations

Mr. Allan Stewart : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list the capital allocation for general services for each district council in 1988-89 ; and for 1989-90.

Mr. Lang : The information is as follows :


£ thousand                                                                                          

                         |Allocations issued on 22|Allocations issued on 24                         

                         |February 1988 for       |February 1989 for                                

                         |1988-89                 |1989-90                                          

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Berwickshire             |220                     |350                                              

Ettrick and Lauderdale   |220                     |270                                              

Roxburgh                 |280                     |350                                              

Tweeddale                |160                     |200                                              

                                                                                                    

Clackmannan              |380                     |350                                              

Falkirk                  |1,400                   |1,400                                            

Stirling                 |600                     |600                                              

                                                                                                    

Annandale and Eskdale    |290                     |320                                              

Nithsdale                |430                     |400                                              

Stewartry                |140                     |210                                              

Wigtown                  |200                     |240                                              

                                                                                                    

Dunfermline              |1,000                   |900                                              

Kirkcaldy                |900                     |950                                              

North East Fife          |500                     |500                                              

                                                                                                    

Aberdeen City            |2,000                   |2,100                                            

Banff and Buchan         |580                     |540                                              

Gordon                   |350                     |350                                              

Kincardine and Deeside   |400                     |500                                              

Moray                    |380                     |500                                              

                                                                                                    

Badenoch and Strathspey  |75                      |79                                               

Caithness                |290                     |250                                              

Inverness                |550                     |550                                              

Lochaber                 |230                     |300                                              

Nairn                    |120                     |95                                               

Ross and Cromarty        |620                     |540                                              

Skye and Lochalsh        |200                     |200                                              

Sutherland               |250                     |340                                              

                                                                                                    

East Lothian             |500                     |620                                              

Edinburgh City           |2,500                   |2,000                                            

Midlothian               |500                     |1,100                                            

West Lothian             |1,500                   |1,400                                            

                                                                                                    

Argyll and Bute          |650                     |700                                              

Bearsden and Milngavie   |360                     |300                                              

Clydebank                |1,200                   |1,500                                            

Clydesdale               |600                     |500                                              

Cumbernauld and Kilsyth  |430                     |600                                              

Cumnock and Doon Valley  |350                     |770                                              

Cunninghame              |900                     |1,000                                            

Dumbarton                |1,000                   |1,300                                            

East Kilbride            |300                     |470                                              

Eastwood                 |200                     |160                                              

Glasgow City             |4,200                   |4,400                                            

Hamilton                 |790                     |1,115                                            

Inverclyde               |1,000                   |900                                              

Kilmarnock and Loudoun   |700                     |650                                              

Kyle and Carrick         |800                     |700                                              

Monklands                |1,850                   |2,000                                            

Motherwell               |1,850                   |1,850                                            

Renfrew                  |1,200                   |1,300                                            

Strathkelvin             |750                     |1,200                                            

                                                                                                    

Angus                    |600                     |1,000                                            

Dundee City              |1,750                   |1,700                                            

Perth and Kinross        |850                     |1,000                                            

Epidural Anaesthetics

Mr. Kennedy : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will list by health board the total number of women receiving epidural analgesia during childbirth each year over the past five years ; the total number excluding those giving birth by caesarean section, receiving epidural analgesia during childbirth each year over the past five years ; and if he will make a statement on the provision of epidural anaesthetics.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : The information requested is not held centrally. The administration of epidurals to patients is a matter for the clinical judgment of the consultants involved.

OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION

Nairobi (Pensions)

Mr. Andrew Bowden : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has received on behalf of the Kenya local authorities superannuation fund consultative committee regarding pension provision for former employees of Nairobi city council.

Mr. Chris Patten : The Kenya local authorities superannuation fund (KLASF) consultative committee has made representations on behalf of former Nairobi city council employees on a regular basis over a number of years. The committee would like Her Majesty's Government to agree that KLASF pensioners should qualify for pension supplements under United Kingdom pension increase legislation. Eligibility for these supplements is limited to those who served the Crown in public service under an overseas Government and for whom Her Majesty's Government, through the Secretary of State, had accepted a special responsibility, generally because it recruited or appointed them. The committee has been told on many occasions that we are unable to redefine our criteria to include local government pensioners.

EMPLOYMENT

Labour Statistics

Mr. Pike : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish a table indicating the 10 industries which have had a significant increase in the labour force over the last 10 years ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : Between September 1978 and September 1988, the most recent 10-year period for which figures are available, the largest increase in employees in employment in Great Britain were observed in the following industries :


Column 357


                                      |Number   |per cent.          

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Business Service                      |+636,000 |+83                

Other Services                        |+326,000 |+66                

Hotels and Catering                   |+274,000 |+31                

Sanitary Services                     |+170,000 |+65                

Banking and Finance                   |+155,000 |+36                

Recreational and Cultural Services    |+116,000 |+28                

Medical and Other Health Services     |+96,000  |+8                 

Wholesale Distribution                |+93,000  |+11                

Repair of Consumer Goods and Vehicles |+57,000  |+28                

Education                             |+54,000  |+4                 

Mr. Andrew F. Bennett : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many people have been out of work in the Denton and Reddish constituency for more than 12 months, 18 months and two years, respectively.

Mr. Lee : In January 1989, the numbers of unemployed claimants in Denton and Reddish constituency who had been unemployed for more than 12 months, 18 months and two years were 1,250, 937 and 791, respectively.

Mr. Franks : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish in the Official Report the fall in unemployment for the county of Cumbria and the number of registered job vacancies for each year from 1985.

Mr. Lee : The table shows the average number of unemployed claimants each year since 1985 in Cumbria, the change each year, and the number of unfilled vacancies at jobcentres. The changes in the unemployment count shown are slightly affected by the change in the compilation of the count in March 1986 to reduce over-recording and the change in coverage from September 1988 due to new benefit regulations for those people aged under 18 years.


|c|Unemployment and unfilled vacancies at jobcentres in Cumbria|c|                                                           

Year                     |Unemployed Claimants    |Change Compared with    |Unfilled Vacancies                               

                         |(Average over 12 months)|Previous year           |(Average over 12 months)                         

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1985                     |23,079                  |1,376                   |1,329                                            

1986                     |23,062                  |-17                     |1,538                                            

1987                     |20,275                  |-2,787                  |1,871                                            

1988                     |16,839                  |-3,436                  |1,830                                            

Health and Safety (Leaflets)

Mr. Bill Michie : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list the titles and code numbers of the 10 most issued Health and Safety Executive leaflets published by his Department and indicate which of these leaflets has been issued in translation and in which languages.

Mr. Nicholls : The 10 most popular health and safety leaflets are :


Number and Title                                |Categorisation No.                   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 1  Working with VDUs                           |IND/G 36 L                           

 2  Mind How You Go                             |IND/G 2l                             

 3  Reporting on an Injury of a Dangerous                                             

    Occurrence (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases                                       

    and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations                                             

    (RIDDOR)                                    |HSE 11                               

 4  Reporting a Case of Disease-A Brief                                               

    Guide to RIDDOR                             |HSE 17                               

 5  Report That Accident (RIDDOR)               |HSE 21                               

 6  Law on Health and Safety at Work: Don't                                           

    Wait Until an Inspector Calls               |HSE 16                               

 7  Protecting Your Health                      |IND/G 62L                            

 8  Passive Smoking                             |IND/G 63 L                           

 9  Writing a Safety Policy Statement           |HSC 6                                

10  <1>Hazard and Risk Explained                |IND/G 64 L                           

    Introducing COSHH                           |IND/G 65 L                           

    Introducing Assessment                      |IND/G 67 L                           

<1>A pack of three leaflets on the control of substances hazardous to health (COSHH). 

None of these leaflets have been issued in translation.

Information Technology

Mr. Atkinson : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement of progress on the introduction of information technologies to facilitate internal communications in his Department and the provision of information to the public concerning those areas for which he is responsible ; and if he has any further plans to apply the newest technologies in these fields.

Mr. Lee : The Employment Department group has implemented a range of measures to facilitate both internal communications and the provision of information to the public, including electronic mail, video-conferencing, Prestel, facsimile transmission and job and training opportunities accessed by terminals.

The Group's information technology strategies, which are being devised to assist the achievement of business and policy objctives, will influence future plans.

Underpaying

Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the United Kingdom in the latest available year.

Mr. Nicholls : In 1988 the average fine imposed by the courts on employers in the United Kingdom who were prosecuted for wages council offences and where the charges included failing to pay the statutory minimum was £328.

Rating Reform

Mr. Harris : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish the report of the Retail Prices Index Advisory Committee on the implications for the index of the abolition of domestic rates ; and if he accepts the report's recommendations.

Mr. Fowler : The report is being published today and I have arranged for a copy to be placed in the Library. I have decided to accept all its recommendations. They will start to take effect in April when the community charge comes into operation in Scotland.


Column 359

DEFENCE

Heliborne Forces

Mr. Carrington : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessments he has made of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's ability to match the Warsaw pact threat from heliborne forces.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : The potential of Warsaw pact forces to conduct offensive operations and NATO's ability to counter them are subject to continual assessment. Details of such assessments are classified.

TGWU (Representations)

Mr. Greg Knight : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what recent representations about defence he has received from the Transport and General Workers Union ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Sainsbury : No recent representations about defence policy have been received from the Transport and General Workers Union. The TGWU does, however, make representations over the conditions of service and related issues of its members employed in the Ministry of Defence ; these are handled in accordance with the normal Civil Service consultative procedures.

Nuclear Weapons

Mr. Wareing : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many obsolete nuclear warheads have been scrapped by Her Majesty's Government as a consequence of the NATO Montebello agreement.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : None. The nuclear warheads removed from the NATO European stockpile since the Montebello NPG meeting have all been owned by, and disposed of by, the Unites States Government.

Mr. Harry Barnes : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what further information he has on United States proposals to build new, and upgrade existing, nuclear vaults at their bases in the United Kingdom.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : I have nothing to add to the answer that I gave the hon. Member for Manchester, Blackley (Mr. Eastham) on 7 February at column 655.

Nuclear Submarines

Mr. McFall : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what further plans he has for the disposal of decommissioned nuclear submarines.

Mr. Sainsbury : I refer the hon. Member to the answer that I gave the hon. Member for Orkney and Shetland (Mr. Wallace) on 9 May 1988 at column 2 .

Leyland/DAF

Sir Ian Gilmour : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions he has held concerning assurances to be given in respect of potential claims against Leyland/DAF arising from the failure of any vehicles to meet the specifications set by his Department, prior to any possible flotation of the company.


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