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130. Mr. O'Brien : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many workplaces were visited and how many of them were found to be illegally underpaying for the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Yorkshire and Humberside.

137. Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many workplaces were visited and how many of them were found to be illegally underpaying for the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Greater London.

158. Mr. Ted Garrett : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many workplaces were visited and how many of them were found to be illegally underpaying, for the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the northern region.

172. Ms. Gordon : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many workplaces were visited and how many of them were found to be illegally underpaying for the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Greater London.

174. Mr. Martyn Jones : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many workplaces were visited and how many of them were found to be illegally underpaying for the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the east midlands.

175. Mr. McCartney : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many workplaces were visited and how many of them were found to be illegally underpaying for the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the north-west.

Mr. Nicholls : Wages inspectorate statistics for Great Britain are not compiled for areas smaller than the inspectorate's nine divisions. The number of workplaces visited in 1988 for the purpose of checking pay and the number where underpayments were found was included in a reply given in the Official Report of 1 March at columns 201-26 . The number of workplaces visited in 1988 for advisory purposes was :


                         |Number       

---------------------------------------

London                   |10           

South East               |9            

Eastern                  |10           

South West               |69           

Midlands                 |103          

North West               |33           

Yorkshire and Humberside |25           

Northern                 |5            

Scotland                 |29           

Northern Ireland has a separate wages council system which is the responsibility of the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, but it is understood that in 1988, 944 workplaces were visited and 112 were found to have underpaid one or more workers.

33. Mr. Hoyle : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what percentage of the


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full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the north west.

37. Mr. McFall : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what percentage of the full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the United Kingdom.

57. Mr. Andrew F. Bennett : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what percentage of the full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the United Kingdom.

65. Ms. Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what percentage of the full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the south-east.

102. Mr. Nellist : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what percentage of the full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the west midlands.

111. Mr. Bell : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many and what percentage of the full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the northern region.

136. Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many, and what percentage, of the full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the west midlands.

180. Mr. Pendry : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many, and what percentage, of the full-time work force earned less than the Council of Europe's decency threshold in the latest available year in the north-west.

Mr. Nicholls : I refer the hon. Members to the answer that I gave the hon. Member for Glasgow, Rutherglen (Mr. McAvoy) on 8 March 1989 at columns 569-70 .

45. Ms. Quin : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the northern region in the latest available year.

46. Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed in the most recent year for which figures are available on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the north-west.

55. Ms. Armstrong : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the United Kingdom in the latest available year.

78. Mr. Lofthouse : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on


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employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the United Kingdom in the latest available year.

97. Mr. Strang : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering Scotland in the latest available year.

100. Mr. Snape : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the west midlands in the latest available year for which figures are available.

101. Mr. Hardy : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering Yorkshire and Humberside in the latest available year.

113. Mr. Mullin : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the northern region in the latest available year.

1224. Mr. Callaghan : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the north-west in the latest year for which figures are available.

128. Mr. Galloway : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering Scotland in the latest available year.

139. Mr. Battle : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering Wales in the latest available year.

161. Mr. Buckley (Hemsworth) : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering Wales in the latest available year.

177. Mr. Ray Powell : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the average fine imposed on employers found to be illegally underpaying within the wages inspectorate divisions covering the east midlands within the last year for which figures are available.

Mr. Nicholls : Wages inspectorate statistics are not kept for areas smaller than the inspectorate's nine divisions. The average total fine on employers prosecuted for underpayment in 1988 is given for each of the divisions in the following table.

Northern Ireland has a separate wages council system which is the responsibility of my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, but I understand that in 1988 there were no prosecutions.


Column 183


Division                 |Average fine                   

                         |£                              

---------------------------------------------------------

London                   |No Prosecutions                

South East               |200                            

Eastern                  |750                            

South West               |150                            

Midlands                 |150                            

North West               |215                            

Yorkshire and Humberside |350                            

Northern                 |No Prosecutions                

Scotland                 |No Prosecutions                

Wales                    |<1>100                         

Great Britain            |328                            

<1> Wales figures are also included in the               

Inspectorate's North West and South West divisional      

statistics.                                              

51. Mr. Andrew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentages of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions in the south-east in the most recent year for which figures are available.

81. Mr. McTaggart : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Scotland.

91. Mr. Jack Thompson : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the United Kingdom in the latest available year.

108. Mr. John Garrett : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering East Anglia in the latest available year.

109. Mr. Alfred Morris : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the north-west in the latest available year.

117. Mr. Foot : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Wales in the latest available year.

121. Mr. Bradley : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the north-west in the latest available year.

126. Mr. Ron Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Scotland in the latest year for which figures are available.

153. Mr. Steinberg : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the northern region in the latest available year.

166. Mr. Foulkes : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the west midlands in the latest available year.

178. Mr. Flannery : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of workplaces and workers were inspected by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Yorkshire and Humberside.


Column 184

Mr. Nicholls : Wages inspectorate statistics are not compiled for areas smaller than the wages inspectorate's nine divisions. The percentage of workplaces known to the inspectorate which was checked in each division of Great Britain in 1988 was :


                         |Per cent.          

---------------------------------------------

London                   |6.6                

South East               |6.2                

Eastern                  |15.1               

South West               |7.3                

Midlands                 |8.6                

North West               |7.9                

Yorkshire and Humberside |9.5                

Northern                 |8.2                

Scotland                 |9.6                

Wales<1>                 |7.7                

<1> Wales figures are also included in the   

inspectorate's south west and north west     

divisional statistics.                       

Northern Ireland has a separate wages council system which is the responsibility of the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, but it is understood that in 1988, 13.6 per cent. of workplaces known to the inspectorate were checked.

No information is available on the percentage of workers in each wages inspectorate division whose pay was checked because statistical returns of the number of workers employed in establishments covered by wages councils are not collected. However, in 1988 an estimated 2, 472,400 workers aged 21 and over were employed in establishments covered by wages councils in Great Britain and checks covered 11 per cent. of that total. In 1987 an estimated 36,065 workers aged 21 and over were employed in establishments covered by wages councils in Northern Ireland and in 1988 checks covered 18 per cent. of that total.

62. Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many employers were found to be illegally underpaying and how many of them were prosecuted in the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Wales.

68. Mr. Allen McKay : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many employers were found to be illegally underpaying and how many of them were prosecuted in the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the United Kingdom.

84. Mr. Dunnachie : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many employers were found to be illegally underpaying and how many of them were prosecuted in the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the United Kingdom.

122. Mr. McWilliam : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many employers were found to be illegally underpaying and how many of them were prosecuted in the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the northern region.

154. Mr. Faulds : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many employers were found to be illegally underpaying and how many of them were prosecuted in the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the west midlands.

179. Mr. Leadbitter : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many employers were found to be


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illegally underpaying and how many of them were prosecuted in the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the northern region.

181. Mr. Terry Fields : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many employers were found to be illegally underpaying ; and how many of them were prosecuted in the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering the north-west.

Mr. Nicholls : Wages inspectorate statistics on compliance with wages orders are compiled on the basis of establishments rather than employers and are not kept for areas smaller than a wages inspectorate division. With those provisos, the information requested is given in the following table.

Northern Ireland has a separate wages council system which is the responsibility of my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, but I understand that in 1988 112 establishments were found to be underpaying. There were no prosecutions.


                         |Establishments found to|Prosecutions for                               

                         |be underpaying in 1988 |underpayment in 1988                           

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

London                   |317                    |-                                              

South-East               |537                    |1                                              

Eastern                  |462                    |2                                              

South-West               |1,156                  |2                                              

Midlands                 |747                    |1                                              

North-West               |869                    |2                                              

Yorkshire and Humberside |631                    |2                                              

Northern                 |369                    |-                                              

Scotland                 |509                    |-                                              

-------                                                                                          

Great Britain            |5,597                  |10                                             

-------                                                                                          

Wales<1>                 |446                    |1                                              

<1> Wales figures are also included in the inspectorate's south-west and north-west divisional   

statistics.                                                                                      

140. Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many West Midlands employers have been prosecuted by his Department's wages inspectorate in the past three years for underpaying wages ; how many were found guilty ; and what was the average level of fines imposed.

Mr. Nicholls : Wages inspectorate statistics are not kept for areas smaller than the inspectorate's nine divisions. In the three years from 1986 to 1988, two employers in the midlands were prosecuted for offences which included underpayment. Both prosecutions were successful. The average total fine imposed by the courts was £125.

Mr. Nicholls : I refer the hon. Members to the answer I gave the hon. Member for Glasgow, Rutherglen (Mr. McAvoy) on 8 March 1989 at column 569-70.

Employment Training

20. Mr. Quentin Davies : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many people are undertaking training on employment training ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Fowler : The number of people on employment training at 24 February 1989 was 157,000. This is a tremendous achievement after only six months of the


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programme's operation and reflects the great interest shown by unemployed people in getting high-quality training to help them back into a job.

157. Mr. Kennedy : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will give figures for the current percentage take-up rate under employment training ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Nicholls : Information about the take-up rate under employment training is not available. It is not possible to estimate the total number of people in the employment training client group. There are currently over 157,000 on employment training. This is a heartening response by unemployed people who clearly acknowledge that the programme's provision of quality training will be a great help in their efforts to find work.

Labour Statistics

21. Mr. David Nicholson : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment by how much unemployment has fallen since June 1987 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : In January 1989 the level of unemployment, seasonally adjusted, in the United Kingdom was 1,988,100 compared with 2,857,200 in June 1987 on the same basis, a fall of 869,100. Unemployment is now at its lowest level for eight years.

22. Mr. David Porter : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the number of young people aged 18 to 24 years unemployed in (a) January 1983 and (b) January 1989.

Mr. Cope : In January 1989 the number of unemployed claimants aged 18 to 24 years in the United Kingdom was 595,743 compared with 1,004, 212 in January 1983--a fall of 408,469. The comparison is slightly affected by the change in compilation of the count in March 1986 to reduce over- recording.

26. Mr. Conway : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the number of people in employment aged 24 to 35 years in (a) January 1983 and (b) January 1989.

Mr. Lee : It is estimated from the 1983 labour force survey (LFS) that in spring 1983 there were 5,042,000 persons aged 25 to 34 in employment in Great Britain. An equivalent estimate for spring 1988, from the preliminary results of the 1988 LFS, is 5,980,000.

29. Mr. Pawsey : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what has been the rate of the fall in unemployment in the United Kingdom in the last 12 months ; and if he will make a statement.

83. Mr. Lord : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what has been the fall in unemployment during the last 12 months ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : In the 12 months to January 1989 the level of unemployment, seasonally adjusted, in the United Kingdom fell by 531, 300 on a consistent basis. At 1,988,100 unemployment is now at its lowest level for eight years.

36. Mr. Bowis : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the numbers of people aged 16 to 18 years in employment.


Column 187

Mr. Lee : It is estimated from the preliminary results of the 1988 labour force survey (LFS) that in spring 1988 there were 1,475,000 persons aged 16 to 18 in employment in Great Britain.

41. Mr. Patnick : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what proportions of those in employment in the United Kingdom are self-employed ; what this figure was 10 years ago ; and what is the comparable change for other OECD countries.

Mr. Lee : The table shows, for the United Kingdom and major OECD countries, the proportion of those in civilian employment who were self- employed in 1976 and 1986 and the change in the proportion over the 10-year period. 1986 is the latest year for which the information requested is available for the other OECD countries. In September 1988, the latest date for which United Kingdom figures are available 11.6 per cent. of the civilian work force in employment were self-employed.


|c|Percentage of civilian employment self employed|c|                                          

                   |1976              |1986              |Change (percentage                   

                                                         |points)                              

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

United Kingdom     |8.0               |10.8              |2.8                                  

Canada             |8.4               |9.2               |0.7                                  

USA                |8.4               |8.5               |0.1                                  

Germany            |9.6               |9.6               |0                                    

Japan              |17.7              |15.6              |-2.1                                 

France             |17.8              |15.8              |-2.0                                 

Italy              |29.2              |24.5              |-4.7                                 

43. Mr. Burt : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment by how much unemployment has fallen in Bury, North since July 1986 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : In January 1989 the number of unemployed claimants in Bury, North constituency was 2,474 compared with 4,607 in July 1986--a fall of 2,133, or 46.3 per cent. The comparison is affected by seasonal influences as well as by the change in the coverage of the count from September 1988 due to the new benefit regulations affecting those aged under 18.

47. Mr. Thornton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the percentage fall in unemployment in each of the Liverpool parliamentary constituencies since June 1987.

Mr. Lee : The following information is also available from the Library. The table shows the number of unemployed claimants in June 1987 and January 1989 for each of the Liverpool parliamentary constituencies, together with the percentage change over the period. The figures are affected by seasonal influences as well as by the change in the coverage of the count due to new benefit regulations from September 1988 for young people aged under 18.


Constituency           |June 1987        |January 1989     |Percentage change                  

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Liverpool Broadgreen   |8,149            |6,689            |-17.9                              

Liverpool Garston      |7,456            |5,812            |-22.0                              

Liverpool Mossley Hill |7,070            |5,923            |-16.2                              

Liverpool Riverside    |10,764           |8,960            |-16.8                              

Liverpool Walton       |10,303           |8,300            |-19.4                              

Liverpool West Derby   |8,795            |7,161            |-18.6                              

48. Mr. John Browne : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many people have become self-employed during the last 12 months ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : In the year to September 1988 there was a net increase of 125,000 in the estimated number of self-employed people in Great Britain. It is estimated that nearly 3 million people are now self-employed and the number is still rising. The numbers of self-employed people have risen by over 60 per cent. since 1979 and they now represent almost one in nine of the work force in employment.

52. Mr. John Greenway : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on the numbers of people in employment in Yorkshire and Humberside.

Mr. Lee : In September 1988, the latest date for which figures are available, the civilian work force in employment in the Yorkshire and Humberside region was 2,148,000. This represents an increase of 179, 000 or 9 per cent. since September 1983. The civilian workforce in employment is the sum of employees in employment, the self-employed and participants in work-related Government training programmes.

66. Mr. Dover : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment by how much unemployment has fallen over the past year in the north-west ; and if he will make a statement.

85. Mrs. Ann Winterton : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what has been the rate of the fall in unemployment in the last 12 months in the north-west ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : In the 12 months to January 1989, the level of unemployment, seasonally adjusted, in the north-west fell by 61,100 or 17.5 per cent. on a consistent basis.

69. Mr. William Powell : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many people are currently employed ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : Between March 1983 and September 1988 the work force in employment in Great Britain increased by 2,809,000 to 25,807,000, the highest level on record. This rising trend has now continued for more than five years. The figures have been adjusted for the effects of seasonal variations. The work force in employment is the sum of employees in employment, the self-employed, Her Majesty's Forces and participants in work-related Government training programmes.

76. Mr. Win Griffiths : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many people were in full-time and part-time employment, where identifiable, in each standard planning region of the United Kingdom in June 1979 and the latest date for which figures are available.

Mr. Lee : For the dates specified, the only available information about full and part-time employment in the regions is for female employees in employment. The information is not available for Northern Ireland. The information is as follows :


Column 189


|c|Female employees in employment regions of Great Britain|c|                                         

Thousands                                                                                             

                            Full-time                     Part-time                                   

                           |June 1979     |September 1988|June 1979     |September 1988               

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

South-East                 |1,899         |2,210         |1,279         |1,392                        

Greater London                                                                                        

  (included in South-East) |-             |1,105         |-             |496                          

East Anglia                |163           |201           |122           |160                          

South-West                 |382           |430           |295           |325                          

West Midlands              |533           |541           |370           |405                          

East Midlands              |376           |404           |265           |309                          

Yorkshire and Humberside   |453           |452           |362           |395                          

North-West                 |666           |607           |471           |496                          

North                      |298           |278           |208           |237                          

Wales                      |250           |217           |165           |185                          

Scotland                   |565           |529           |332           |382                          

82. Mrs. Maureen Hicks : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment by how much unemployment has fallen in the west midlands over the past year ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lee : In the 12 months to January 1989, the level of unemployment, seasonally adjusted, in the west midlands fell by 65, 900 or 25.6 per cent., on a consistent basis.


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