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EMPLOYMENT

Wages

42. Mr. Dunnachie : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many workplaces were visited, and how many of them were found to be illegally underpaying, for the latest available year by the wages inspectorate divisions covering Scotland.

Mr. Nicholls : Information on the number or workplaces in Scotland visited in 1988 for the purpose of checking pay and the number where underpayments were found was included in the reply given on 1 March to the hon. Member for Birmingham, Ladywood (Ms. Short) at columns 201-6. Information on the number of workplaces visited in Scotland in 1988 for advisory purposes was included in the reply given on 14 March to the hon. Member for Manchester, Blackley (Mr. Eastham) at columns 178-79.

Training Premiums

Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what level of weekly premiums will be paid to (a) under 25-year-olds, (b) a childless married person and (c) other trainees after income support levels are uprated in April 1989.

Mr. Nicholls : The weekly rates of training premium at the time of the benefit uprating will be :

(a) £11.95 for single people aged under 25 and in receipt of the standard rate of income support ;

(b) £11.25 for couples without children and in receipt of the standard rate of income support ;

(c) £10 for all others.

Trade Union Members (Rights)

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he has yet appointed a commissioner for the rights of trade union members under the terms of the Employment Act 1988 ; and how many persons he has approached and offered the post to in the last year.

Mr. Nicholls : I refer the hon. Member to the reply to my hon. Friend the Member for Maidstone (Miss Widdecombe) on 24 November 1988. In accordance with the guidance published by the Cabinet Office and Her Majesty's Treasury about such appointments, several possible candidates were identified, including Mrs. Gill Rowlands.


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Skills Training Programme

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what has been the annual operating surplus of the Skills Training Agency since it was established.

Mr. Cope : The Skills Training Agency has operated on a trading account basis since 1984-85. No financial results are available prior to that year. Operating surplus/deficits from 1984-85 are as follows :


                  |£000         

--------------------------------

1984-85 (Deficit) |15,157       

1985-86 (Deficit) |17,539       

1986-87 Surplus   |220          

1987-88 (Deficit) |2,896        

Employment Training

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list all the companies, out of the 100 largest companies, who have declined to co-operate with the employment training scheme ; of the remainder, how many places each of them has contracted with the employment training scheme and how many have been so far filled ; and what percentage that is in each case.

Mr. Nicholls [holding answer 4 April 1989] : The Training Agency's records only show which large companies have contracted directly as training managers. It is not, therefore, possible to provide the information in the form requested.

ENERGY

Distribution Boards

Mr. Thurnham : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy when he will next be meeting the chairmen of distribution boards, and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Spicer : My right hon. Friend and I meet the area board chairmen regularly to discuss various matters of mutual interest.

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD

Potato Yields

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what information he has as to changes in potato yields per acre in the United Kingdom, other European Community countries, Egypt and Cyprus over the past ten years.

Mr. Ryder : Potato yields over the past 10 years are given in the following table :


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Tonnes per hectare                                                                                     

               |1978-79|1979-80|1980-81|1981-82|1982-83|1983-84|1984-85|1985-86|1986-87|1987-88        

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Belgium        |35.6   |32.4   |30.0   |31.9   |35.8   |27.1   |36.8   |37.4   |35.4   |36.4           

Denmark        |27.1   |26.6   |24.8   |29.1   |35.5   |28.7   |32.0   |36.2   |37.6   |32.0           

Eire           |26.6   |26.0   |26.0   |25.9   |26.9   |21.7   |29.4   |24.8   |25.0   |30.5           

France         |26.8   |26.4   |31.9   |30.5   |31.8   |25.4   |31.4   |33.8   |30.8   |37.7           

Greece         |14.1   |17.3   |17.3   |18.0   |19.4   |18.5   |20.0   |21.3   |21.2   |19.8           

Italy          |16.4   |17.9   |18.6   |19.7   |17.9   |18.0   |17.9   |18.2   |21.2   |19.7           

Luxembourg     |32.5   |30.0   |30.0   |34.0   |34.0   |30.0   |34.0   |32.8   |30.9   |32.7           

Netherlands    |38.6   |37.8   |36.4   |39.0   |37.5   |33.0   |42.0   |42.4   |40.9   |45.0           

United Kingdom |34.2   |31.9   |34.5   |32.3   |35.8   |29.9   |37.0   |35.8   |36.0   |37.8           

West Germany   |29.6   |31.6   |25.9   |30.9   |29.6   |25.3   |33.2   |35.9   |35.2   |33.2           

Portugal       |9.5    |9.5    |9.2    |7.9    |8.7    |n/a    |n/a    |9.1    |7.9    |8.0            

Spain          |14.4   |15.9   |16.2   |16.4   |15.3   |15.2   |17.4   |17.9   |16.8   |17.5           

Cyprus         |21.3   |23.3   |23.0   |22.7   |21.5   |21.9   |22.8   |18.2   |25.2   |21.6           

Egypt          |13.9   |17.1   |18.4   |17.9   |16.9   |19.0   |17.1   |20.6   |20.7   |21.1           

n/a-Not available.                                                                                     

Source:Potato Marketing Board statistics for EC12.                                                     

FAO Production Yearbook for Egypt and Cyprus.                                                          

Potato Market

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on the current state of the potato market.

Mr. Ryder : United Kingdom production in the current July/June crop year was 6,899,000 tonnes compared with 6,760,000 tonnes in 1987-88. On the other hand, wastage has been higher as a result of storage problems in a mild winter and stocks are correspondingly low. In Great Britain the most recent weekly average producer price is £61.08 per tonne compared with £73.45 at the corresponding time last year. As a result of these low prices the Potato Marketing Board has intervened in the market and has so far purchased some 97,000 tonnes.

Cereal Sector

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on the current state of the cereal sector.

Mr. Ryder : The 1988 cereals harvest in the United Kingdom was, at 20.9 million tonnes, the lowest since 1981. Nevertheless, the surplus of wheat and barley in 1988-89, including stocks in intervention stores, is estimated at over 5.5 million tonnes. It is expected that most of this surplus will be exported before the end of the season, substantially reducing intervention stocks. Prices have generally remained firm. In the European Community production was estimated by the Commission in November at 162.5 million tonnes, 1.6 per cent. above the stabiliser of 160 million tonnes. As a result intervention prices will be reduced by 3 per cent. For the 1989-90 marketing year, and the definitive rate of the additional co- responsibility levy for 1988-89 has been set at 1.6 per cent. of the wheat intervention price ; additional levy paid at a higher rate is being partially repaid.

Arable Sector

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on the current state of the arable sector.

Mr. Ryder : In 1988-89, United Kingdom beet sugar production exceeded 1.3 million tonnes, one of the highest levels on record. Returns to United Kingdom sugar beet producers have been broadly in line with those in the previous year, the EC sugar price for 1988-89 having been maintained at the 1987-88 level. For oilseeds and protein crops, returns in 1988-89 have been affected by the operation of the EC stabiliser mechanism for these crops. United Kingdom production of oilseed rape in 1988-89 is estimated at about 1 million tonnes, with prices reduced by


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7.65 per cent. below the institutional price level because Community production has exceeded the maximum guaranteed quantity (in effect a small price increase over 1987-88 when prices were reduced by 10 per cent.). United Kingdom production of protein crops is estimated to have reached a record level of about 892,000 tonnes this year. Prices have been reduced by about 10 per cent. in this sector as a result of the stabiliser mechanism.

Sheep Sector

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on the current state of the sheep sector.

Mr. Donald Thompson : The sheep sector remains in a satisfactory condition. The latest statistics on production, consumption and exports all show increases.

Beef Sector

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on the current state of the beef sector.

Mr. Donald Thompson : Throughout 1988 prices for finished beef were above those in the previous year. Prices fell at the end of 1988 and are now very similar to those at the same time last year. Prices for other stock, including stores and calves, remain above the levels last year, while the numbers of suckler cows and heifers in calf for beef production continue to grow, reflecting producers' expectations for the beef market.

Dairy Sector

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on the current state of the dairy sector.

Mr. Donald Thompson : Net income from dairy farming in 1988-89 is estimated to have risen in real terms to its highest level since 1982-83. Improvements in profitability have resulted in recent years from increases in the ex-farm price of milk, reduced usage of feed concentrates and improved returns from calf sales. In addition, the dairy sector as a whole is benefiting from the recovery in markets brought about by the restriction of supply through quotas and the disposal of old intervention stocks of milk products.

Monetary Compensatory Amounts

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what progress is being made by the European Community towards the abolition of monetary compensatory amounts by 1992.


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Mr. MacGregor : Following pressure from the United Kingdom Government, the Council and the Commission have agreed that the completion of the internal market requires the abolition of monetary gaps, and therefore of monetary compensatory amounts.

The devaluations which took place on 1 January this year included an agreed first step in dismantling United Kingdom monetary gaps, and the Commission's price proposals for 1989-90 envisage the next step being taken in the current price negotiations.

The Commission is to report later this year on how the process of dismantlement should be completed.

Ware Potatoes

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what has been the total tonnage of imports of ware potatoes in each of the past 10 years, what percentage this tonnage represents as a percentage of (a) total potato yield and (b) total potato sales in each year ; and what was the total purchase by the Potato Marketing Board of surplus potatoes in each of the last 10 years.

Mr. Ryder : This information can be derived from the final table in "Potato Statistics in Great Britain 1983-87", published by the Potato Marketing Board. A copy has been placed in the Library of the House.

Eggs

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will make a statement on the current position regarding sales of eggs, egg production and numbers of laying hens.

Mr. Donald Thompson : Contact with major packers indicates considerable variations in sales of shell eggs on to the United Kingdom market but it is thought that these are around 20 to 25 per cent. below the levels experienced in November. Throughput at packing stations is now about 11 per cent. down on November. The balance of throughput is going for export and into egg products. At the agricultural census taken on 1 December 1988 the number of egg-laying fowls in the United Kingdom was 36.6 million.

Potato Quota

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what movement into and out of Wales of potato quota has taken place in each of the past five years in both tonnage and percentage terms.

Mr. Ryder : I have asked the Potato Marketing Board to send this information to my hon. Friend.

Early Potatoes

Mr. Nicholas Bennett : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether he will take into account in his decisions on the future of the Potato Marketing Board the representations of growers of early potatoes regarding the impact that the removal of the direct intervention buying system will have on the early potato market.

Mr. Ryder : Yes.


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Adult Diets (Survey)

Mr. McLoughlin : To ask the Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food when he expects to publish the national nutritional survey of adults diets, conducted during 1988 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Ryder : The extensive results of this survey are still being analysed. I expect to publish a preliminary report before the end of the year.

Whales

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1) what discussions he has had with European Community Ministers about preventing the Japanese from killing whales ; and if he will make a statement ;

(2) what discussions he has had with European Community Ministers about imposing economic sanctions on Japan because of that country's continuation of killing whales.

Mr. Donald Thompson [holding answer 23 March 1989] : We have made clear our serious concerns about the current Japanese feasibility programme of whaling for scientific purposes both directly to the Japanese Government on several occasions and through the International Whaling Commission. The European Community does not have competence on whaling matters as such but those member states with an interest in whaling are members of the IWC and we consult with them in that forum.

HOME DEPARTMENT

Old-Age Pensioners (TV Licence)

Mr. Skinner : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will now introduce free television licences for all old-age pensioners ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Renton : I refer the hon. Member to the reply I gave him on 15 December 1988 at column 710 .

Stocken Prison

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what action has been taken to deal with underground electric cables at Stocken prison discovered to be waterlogged following the flooding of ducts ; and what has been the effect of these difficulties on electricity supplies to married quarters.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : No such difficulty has been brought to our attention and there has been no effect on electricity supplies to married quarters at Stocken prison. The cables are well insulated, but any problems caused by flooding of ducts would be dealt with the prison's works department.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what work is currently in progress at Stocken prison to replace defective heating pipes ; what is the age of the pipes in question ; and what will be the cost of this work.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : A survey of the heating system is under way. To date, defective heating pipes have been


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found in one wing and in the central administration block. Twenty metres of pipe, which was five years old, has been replaced at a cost of £600.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many cells in Stocken prison are experiencing unpleasant smells linked with the plumbing system ; and what action is being taken to rectify these problems.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : No complaints have been received about unpleasant smells from the plumbing system.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether, following the closure of a cell in A wing at Stocken prison because of building problems, action is being taken to undertake the necessary structural repairs ; and what liability exists for paying for this work under the contract conditions.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : The action to take following the closure of a cell in E wing, not A wing, at Stocken prison because of building problems is under consideration by the Home Office directorate of works. Liability, under the contract conditions, for paying for the work which will be required, has yet to be established.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what action has been taken since the ministerial letter from the hon. Member for Grantham (Mr. Hogg) dated 5 September 1988 to obtain the advice of an architect regarding the sloping ceilings in the quarters at Stocken prison ; and when further action will be taken to implement the advice.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : Following a vist by a Home Office architect, it has been confirmed that the provision of suspended ceilings would improve the heating of these quarters. A pilot study will be undertaken shortly to see whether this would provide an acceptable solution.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will list the action which has been taken since the ministerial letter from the hon. Member for Grantham (Mr. Hogg) of 5 September 1988, to eliminate the nuisance from dust in the married quarters at Stocken prison ; and whether the measures have been successful.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : Insulation materials have been examined but do not appear to have caused the problem of dust in the married quarters at Stocken prison, which has now been referred to the local environmental health department. Its report is expected shortly.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what action has been taken, since the ministerial letter of 20 September 1988 by the hon. Member for Grantham (Mr. Hogg), to improve the quality of central heating at the married quarters at Stocken prison ; how many claims are outstanding for compensation for excessive heating bills ; and when they will be settled.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : The question of the quality of heating in the married quarters at Stocken prison has been referred to the building advisory branch of the Property Services Agency, whose report is awaited. One claim has been received for compensation for excessive heating bills, but liability has yet to be established.


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Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what action has been taken since the visit to Stocken prison on 28 November 1988 by a representative of the building advisory board to deal with dampness in married quarters, following the ministerial letter of 8 December 1988 by the hon. Member for Grantham (Mr. Hogg) ; how many claims for compensation for damage to clothing through dampness are outstanding ; and when they will be settled.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : The question of dampness in married quarters was referred to the building advisory branch of the Property Services Agency, whose report is awaited. Two claims for compensation for damage to clothing are outstanding, but the question of liability has yet to be established.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what action has been taken to improve the street lighting in the married quarters of prison officers at Stocken prison since the ministerial letter of the hon. Member for Grantham (Mr. Hogg) dated 5 September 1988.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : A contract has been let to improve the street lighting in the vicinity of the married quarters of prison officers at Stocken prison. Work started on 21 March.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what is the current number of basic grade prison officers in post at Stocken prison ; and what arrangements have been made to increase staffing to cover for officers on long-term sick leave.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : On 13 March 1989 there were 77 basic grade officers at HMP Stocken. Staffing levels at all prison establishments make allowance for about one fifth of staff to be absent at any one time on sick leave, annual leave or training courses.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether two extra prison officers will be allocated to Stocken prison during April in accordance with the reduction of hours proposals in the fresh start agreement.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : We have recruited sufficient staff nationally for the additional officers required under the fresh start framework agreement to be in post before the reduction of hours on 1 April. The uniformed complement at HMP Stocken has been increase by two with effect from 1 April. The prison already has more staff in post than the new complement figure.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department when the new wing at Stocken prison will be completed ; how many additional inmates will be accommodated in it ; and how many additional prison officers will be allocated to the prison to cope with this expansion in inmate numbers.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : The new house block being built at HMP Stocken will provide 96 single cells and is programmed for completion by the end of 1989. The present intention is to post an additional 19 officers and two night patrols to the prison as a result.

Mr. Latham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what discussions have taken place with


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the Anglian water authority to ensure that the local sewage disposal system can cope effectively with the forthcoming expansion of Stocken prison ; and whether he will make a statement.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : No discussions have taken place, but in correspondence in May 1988 Anglian Water confirmed that the additional sewage caused by the expansion to Stocken prison would not exceed the capacity of the pumping station.

Immigration

Mr. McCrindle : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many Commonwealth immigrants have been allowed to settle in Britain in each of the last five years ; what were the comparable figures for the previous five years ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Renton : The number of Commonwealth citizens accepted for settlement in the United Kingdom in each of the years 1979-88 is published in table 22 of "Control of Immigration : Statistics United Kingdom 1987" (Cm. 415) and in table 1 of Home Office statistical bulletin issue 10/89, "Control of Immigration : Statistics--Fourth Quarter and Year 1988", copies of which are in the Library.

Mr. Darling : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many individuals left the United Kingdom under the supervised departure procedure without having been served with a notice of intention to deport in each month of 1988 and 1989.

Mr. Renton : Supervised departure may be authorised, as an alternative to deportation, either under section 3(6) of the Immigration Act 1971 if a court makes a recommendation for deportation, or under section 3(5) following the issue of a notice of intention to deport. The latest available information on the use of supervised departure is contained in table 14 of Home Office statistical bulletin 10/89 "Control of Immigration :

Statistics--Fourth Quarter and Year 1988", a copy of which is in the Library.

Mr. Darling : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he has any proposals to amend the immigration rules : and what consultations he has held in that regard.

Mr. Renton : We have it in mind to make some changes to the immigration rules in the next few months. We have not launched formal consultations, but there has been some discussion of possible changes to the rules with the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants and the Immigration Law Practitioners' Association.

DNA Testing

Mr. Darling : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list all owners and operators of laboratories licensed by him to carry out DNA testing.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : The Home Office does not license laboratories to carry out DNA testing.


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Latchmere House

Mr. Darling : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what consultations he has had with regard to his proposal to transfer detainees from Latchmere house to Haslar, Gosport ; and if he will list those organisations which have indicated support for his proposal.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : On 22 March I met a delegation led by my hon. Friend the Member for Richmond and Barnes (Mr. Hanley), which included representatives from Richmond borough council, local residents and the Richmond citizens advice bureau. On 17 March officials met representatives of advisory agencies which specialise in immigration matters. We have so far received representations only from organisations which are opposed to the proposal.

Satellite Television

Mr. Corbett : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what proposals he has to amend section 92 of the Representation of the People Act 1981 to require satellite television organisations broadcasting to the United Kingdom to report on parliamentary by-elections and general elections on the same basis and under the same conditions regarding balance and impartiality as apply to the BBC and ITV companies.

Mr. Renton : Our White Paper on broadcasting proposes that satellite services uplinked from the United Kingdom should be subject to various consumer protection requirements, including that news should be impartial and accurate and that due impartiality should be preserved in dealing with matters of political or industrial controversy or relating to current public policy. There is also a provision in the Council of Europe convention on transfrontier television which requires broadcasters to ensure that news fairly presents facts and events and encourages the free formation of opinions. Those countries which adopt the convention will be required to ensure that their broadcasting services, including satellite channels, comply with its provisions.

Entry Applications

Mr. Darling : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list for each country the number of (a) applications and (b) refusals of applications to enter the United Kingdom for (i) settlement and (ii) temporary purposes in (1) 1987 and (2) 1988.

Mr. Renton [holding answer 14 March 1989] : The information requested is available centrally only for countries in the Indian sub- continent and Hong Kong. This information, and that for other countries on all applications for entry clearance granted and refused, is given in the following tables.


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|c|Table 1|c|                                                                                                                                                                                           

|c|Applications for entry clearance to the United Kingdom|c|                                                                                                                                            

Number of persons                                                                                                                                                                                       

                          1987                                                                       1988                                                                                               

Country, and category of |Applications newly      |Applications            |Applications refused    |Applications newly      |Applications            |Applications refused                             

application              |received<1>             |granted<2><3>           |initially<3>            |received<1>             |granted<2><3>           |initially<3>                                     

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Bangladesh:                                                                                                                                                                                             

    Settlement<4>        |7,600                   |4,830                   |1,560                   |6,650                   |5,870                   |1,870                                            

    Temporary purposes   |10,370                  |7,730                   |1,790                   |11,790                  |8,830                   |2,040                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                        

India:                                                                                                                                                                                                  

    Settlement<4>        |5,030                   |3,810                   |1,070                   |4,280                   |3,810                   |1,110                                            

    Temporary purposes   |101,930                 |93,950                  |5,140                   |105,150                 |93,880                  |6,760                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                        

Pakistan:                                                                                                                                                                                               

    Settlement<4>        |7,630                   |4,450                   |1,280                   |6,970                   |4,730                   |1,430                                            

    Temporary purposes   |61,350                  |49,180                  |7,610                   |59,480                  |47,820                  |9,560                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                        

Hong Kong:                                                                                                                                                                                              

    Settlement           |710                     |590                     |30                      |750                     |640                     |40                                               

    Temporary purposes   |51,060                  |49,930                  |140                     |46,760                  |45,670                  |100                                              

<1> Including applications subsequently withdrawn.                                                                                                                                                      

<2> Granted initially or on appeal.                                                                                                                                                                     

<3> These applications may have been received in an earlier period.                                                                                                                                     

<4> Including applications for a certificate of entitlement to, or a confirmation of, the right of abode in the United Kingdom.                                                                         


|c|Table 2|c|                                                                                                                         

|c|Applications for entry clearance<1> to the United Kingdom|c|                                                                       

|c|Number of persons<2>|c|                                                                                                            

                              1987                                      1988                                                          

Country                      |Applications        |Applications refused|Applications        |Applications refused                     

                             |granted<3><4>       |initially<4>        |granted<3><4>       |initially<4>                             

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Afghanistan                  |210                 |<5>-                |280                 |-                                        

Algeria                      |970                 |10                  |760                 |20                                       

Angola                       |810                 |<5>-                |1,070               |-                                        

Argentina                    |17,130              |<5>-                |11,600              |10                                       

Ascension Island             |50                  |-                   |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Australia                    |12,970              |40                  |18,050              |70                                       

Austria                      |2,630               |10                  |2,240               |20                                       

Bahamas                      |290                 |-                   |260                 |-                                        

Bahrain                      |4,390               |n/a                 |3,900               |40                                       

Bangladesh                   |12,560              |3,350               |14,700              |3,910                                    

Barbados                     |2,710               |130                 |1,680               |120                                      

Belgium                      |2,880               |60                  |3,130               |50                                       

Belize                       |130                 |-                   |110                 |-                                        

Bermuda                      |540                 |-                   |500                 |-                                        

Bolivia                      |30                  |<5>-                |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Botswana                     |640                 |-                   |670                 |<5>-                                     

Brazil                       |920                 |<5>-                |1,150               |<5>-                                     

Brunei                       |1,220               |<5>-                |1,240               |-                                        

Bulgaria                     |4,180               |10                  |4,530               |10                                       

Burma                        |640                 |<5>-                |550                 |10                                       

Cameroon                     |2,220               |n/a                 |1,810               |10                                       

Canada                       |9,390               |10                  |8,460               |10                                       

Chile                        |210                 |<5>-                |290                 |-                                        

China                        |9,590               |30                  |11,660              |260                                      

Colombia                     |740                 |10                  |700                 |60                                       

Congo                        |100                 |-                   |110                 |-                                        

Costa Rica                   |120                 |<5>-                |80                  |n/a                                      

Cote D'Ivoire                |450                 |50                  |520                 |10                                       

Cuba                         |470                 |<5>-                |540                 |-                                        

Cyprus                       |7,790               |310                 |7,150               |450                                      

Czechoslovakia               |11,340              |<5>-                |13,430              |20                                       

Denmark                      |1,420               |30                  |1,470               |30                                       

Ecuador                      |90                  |-                   |100                 |<5>-                                     

Egypt                        |25,500              |610                 |23,070              |610                                      

Ethiopia                     |4,070               |30                  |3,610               |20                                       

Fiji                         |490                 |50                  |480                 |30                                       

Finland                      |470                 |-                   |540                 |-                                        

France                       |11,580              |70                  |11,740              |110                                      

Gabon                        |390                 |-                   |380                 |<5>-                                     

Gambia                       |1,120               |20                  |950                 |20                                       

Germany (FRG)                |8,620               |90                  |10,370              |150                                      

Germany (GDR)                |3,850               |-                   |5,420               |<5>-                                     

Ghana                        |8,750               |2,250               |9,980               |930                                      

Gibraltar                    |120                 |-                   |160                 |-                                        

Greece                       |1,400               |60                  |1,220               |70                                       

Guyana                       |1,470               |100                 |1,660               |80                                       

Holy See                     |20                  |20                  |20                  |-                                        

Honduras                     |30                  |<5>-                |20                  |10                                       

Hong Kong                    |50,510              |170                 |46,310              |140                                      

Hungary                      |16,300              |<5>-                |17,660              |10                                       

Iceland                      |130                 |-                   |130                 |-                                        

India                        |97,760              |6,210               |97,690              |7,860                                    

Indonesia                    |10,370              |50                  |9,470               |<5>-                                     

Iraq                         |3,370               |20                  |4,510               |10                                       

Irish Republic               |1,700               |10                  |1,700               |<5>-                                     

Israel                       |1,210               |<5>-                |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Italy                        |3,200               |30                  |3,510               |40                                       

Jamaica                      |3,170               |710                 |3,660               |400                                      

Japan                        |3,460               |10                  |4,200               |30                                       

Jerusalem                    |1,820               |-                   |1,370               |20                                       

Jordan                       |11,680              |40                  |10,580              |70                                       

Kenya                        |3,180               |80                  |2,720               |110                                      

Korea (South)                |360                 |<5>-                |340                 |60                                       

Kuwait                       |11,650              |50                  |10,720              |50                                       

Lebanon                      |5,640               |-                   |6,150               |<5>-                                     

Lesotho                      |40                  |<5>-                |40                  |<5>-                                     

Liberia                      |2,040               |20                  |1,600               |40                                       

Libya                        |700                 |<5>-                |1,060               |<5>-                                     

Luxembourg                   |260                 |-                   |210                 |-                                        

Madagascar                   |345                 |n/a                 |300                 |-                                        

Malawi                       |500                 |<5>-                |460                 |10                                       

Malaysia                     |4,660               |230                 |4,460               |300                                      

Malta                        |1,290               |30                  |1,500               |20                                       

Mauritius                    |2,430               |240                 |1,870               |n/a                                      

Mexico                       |540                 |-                   |530                 |-                                        

Mongolia                     |20                  |-                   |30                  |-                                        

Morocco                      |650                 |10                  |630                 |20                                       

Mozambique                   |430                 |-                   |420                 |-                                        

Nepal                        |1,100               |20                  |1,040               |20                                       

Netherlands                  |4,000               |<5>-                |2,640               |50                                       

New Zealand                  |4,720               |n/a                 |5,070               |-                                        

Nigeria                      |51,660              |4,090               |51,880              |4,950                                    

Norway                       |2,230               |30                  |1,980               |10                                       

Oman                         |8,510               |-                   |7,960               |40                                       

Pakistan                     |53,630              |8,890               |52,550              |11,000                                   

Panama                       |120                 |<5>-                |60                  |10                                       

Papua New Guinea             |320                 |<5>-                |300                 |<5>-                                     

Peru                         |250                 |<5>-                |670                 |<5>-                                     

Philippines                  |10,210              |480                 |9,950               |710                                      

Poland                       |33,750              |330                 |41,400              |680                                      

Portugal                     |730                 |30                  |510                 |10                                       

Qatar                        |4,300               |30                  |3,390               |50                                       

Romania                      |4,100               |<5>-                |3,500               |20                                       

Saudi Arabia                 |40,280              |220                 |n/a                 |n/a                                      

St. Helena                   |100                 |n/a                 |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Senegal                      |870                 |-                   |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Seychelles                   |130                 |<5>-                |140                 |10                                       

Sierra Leone                 |2,520               |120                 |2,330               |190                                      

Singapore                    |3,360               |10                  |3,180               |20                                       

Solomon Islands              |60                  |-                   |60                  |-                                        

Somalia                      |540                 |40                  |900                 |50                                       

South Africa                 |1,640               |<5>                 |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Soviet Union                 |14,110              |-                   |15,800              |-                                        

Spain                        |3,060               |10                  |2,870               |30                                       

Sri Lanka                    |7,060               |860                 |7,240               |810                                      

Sudan                        |10,080              |10                  |7,900               |40                                       

Swaziland                    |40                  |-                   |30                  |-                                        

Sweden                       |3,360               |10                  |3,960               |40                                       

Switzerland                  |4,380               |60                  |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Syria                        |70                  |<5>                 |210                 |-                                        

Tanzania                     |1,680               |50                  |1,610               |30                                       

Thailand                     |16,390              |n/a                 |16,530              |n/a                                      

Tonga                        |20                  |-                   |10                  |-                                        

Trinidad and Tobago          |2,490               |90                  |2,230               |120                                      

Tunisia                      |300                 |<5>                 |380                 |-                                        

Turkey                       |1,590               |80                  |2,400               |90                                       

Uganda                       |580                 |10                  |330                 |10                                       

United Arab Emirates         |14,950              |100                 |16,820              |380                                      

United States                |42,090              |n/a                 |37,680              |160                                      

Uruguay                      |130                 |-                   |100                 |-                                        

Vanuatu                      |50                  |-                   |60                  |-                                        

Venezuela                    |220                 |<5>                 |290                 |<5>                                      

Vietnam                      |40                  |<5>                 |n/a                 |n/a                                      

Yemen Arab Republic          |n/a                 |n/a                 |2,570               |<5>                                      

People's Democratic Republic                                                                                                          

 of Yemen                    |460                 |n/a                 |560                 |n/a                                      

Yugoslavia                   |410                 |30                  |440                 |40                                       

Zaire                        |810                 |-                   |840                 |<5>                                      

Zambia                       |1,850               |<5>                 |2,250               |20                                       

Zimbabwe                     |860                 |30                  |1,200               |70                                       

n/a Not available.                                                                                                                    

<1> Including applications for a certificate of entitlement to, or a confirmation of, the right of abode in the United Kingdom (      

except in Ghana, Hong Kong and Sir Lanka).                                                                                            

<2> Because of rounding, the figures in this table may be slightly different from those implied by Table 1.                           

<3> Granted initially or on appeal.                                                                                                   

<4> These applications may have been received in an earlier period.                                                                   

<5> Five of fewer.                                                                                                                    

Prisoners (Escape Attempts)

Mr. Bermingham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prisoners escaped from prisons in England and Wales in each of the years since 1979 ; and if he will list the prisons from which the escapes were made.


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