Mr. Tim Eggar : In 1988, the latest year for which figures have been published, the net increase in the number of VAT-registered businesses was 64,000, an average of just over 1,200 per week. In 1980, the net increase was 16,000, an average of 300 per week.
Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment for Great Britain and each standard Training Agency region, how many individual child care allowances are being received by lone parent employment training participants ; and how many were granted or refused for each of the latest available three months.
Mr. Nicholls : The estimated proportions of trainees receiving child care allowances at the end of June, the latest date for which information is available, are given in the table. The latest in training figures, at 13 October 1989, has been provided for each region. Information is not available on the number of child care allowances granted or refused for each of the latest available three months.
Employment Training Trainees in receipt of Child Care Allowances Region |Per cent.<1>|Number<2> ----------------------------------------------------------------- South East |3 |14,900 London |4 |20,500 South West |3 |12,100 West Midlands |2 |23,500 East Midlands and Eastern |2 |16,900 Yorkshire and Humberside |2 |25,200 North West |2 |28,800 Northern |1 |24,300 Wales |1 |16,600 Scotland |2 |25,300 Great Britain |2 |209,000 <1> Proportion receiving child care allowances 30 June 1989. <2> Numbers in training 13 October 1989.
Ms. Short : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment for Great Britain and each standard Training Agency region, what are the monthly statistics for each month since January showing the results of new client adviser interviews with people who want to register as unemployed showing (a) the number of claims not pursued at the reception stage, (b) the number of clients who do not attend for interviews, (c) the number of claims not pursued at the interview broken down into the following categories : (i) those entering employment, (ii) those not available for work and not intending to claim an
Column 2alternative benefit, (iii) those appropriate to alternative benefits and (iv) other, and (d) the number of submissions to vacancies, (e) the number of referrals to employment training, (f) the number of availability referrals, (g) the number of referrals to specialists, namely DRO, CA, (h) the number of referrals to job clubs and (i) the number of referrals to EAS.
Mr. Simon Coombs : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what was the total number of people benefiting from special employment measures at the latest available date in the Swindon constituency ; and what is the average cost per person supported under each measure.
Mr. Eggar : The following programmes help to increase the opportunities available to unemployed people either to take up work or to start their own business. The figures indicate the number of people supported in the Gloucester and Wiltshire area, which includes Swindon, during August/September :
|Number ------------------------------------------ Enterprise allowance scheme |1,242 Job start |34 Job release scheme |80
The average cost per person on job start is £382. Average costs per person are not available for either the enterprise allowance scheme or the job release scheme. Job release pays people either £79.25 or £65.25 a week, depending on their circumstances, up to age 65. The net cost to the Exchequer of the enterprise allowance scheme is £1,846 per person taken off the unemployment count.
There are a number of other programmes available in Swindon which help unemployed people. These include the job club programme which provides training and support to help long-term unemployed with their job search activity. In September, 294 people were in a job club in the Gloucester and Wiltshire area.
Mr. Eggar : Claimants should normally be out of work for six months before being eligible to join a job club. There are relaxations to the six month rule for people with disabilities, ex-offenders and people leaving YTS or employment training without a job to go to.
Mr. Eggar : Every job club has telephones, paper, pens, typewriter or word processors, envelopes, stamps, photocopiers, newspapers and directories which members can use free of charge. A trained job club leader helps members draw up a curriculum vitae and shows them the
Column 3best way to look for jobs, make job applications and prepare for interviews. Fares to attend the job club are reimbursed.
Job clubs continue to be very successful and provide valuable help to all those who join. Over 54,000 members have found work so far in 1989. Many others have gone on to training, self-employment or education. Overall, 69 per cent. of all job club members leave with a positive outcome.
Mr. Eggar : Job club membership is generally available only to people who have been unemployed six months or longer. This is because long- term unemployed people are generally less well motivated and have greater difficulties in applying for and securing jobs than those recently unemployed.
However, there are some important exceptions to the six-month eligibility rule which are designed to help groups who do need extra help, including those with
Column 4disabilities, ex-offenders and those leaving YTS or ET without a job. I have no plans to change the eligibility rules at present.
Mr. Tony Lloyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many agreed action plans have been drawn up at employment training agents on a monthly basis (a) nationally and (b) by training agency area since May.
Employment Training agreed action plans at training agents May to September 1989 Area office |May 1989 |June 1989 |July 1989 |August 1989 |September 1989 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- South East Region<1> Berkshire and Oxfordshire |270 |307 |340 |283 |339 Buckinghamshire and Hertfordshire |412 |472 |509 |487 |538 Essex |538 |589 |761 |460 |734 Hampshire and Isle of Wight |583 |573 |705 |463 |602 Kent |561 |550 |470 |480 |574 Surrey |154 |247 |186 |197 |248 Sussex |548 |461 |546 |549 |542 London Region Inner London North |1,595 |1,632 |1,477 |1,545 |1,510 Inner London South |420 |684 |648 |618 |748 London East |743 |721 |695 |820 |787 London North |726 |749 |584 |700 |962 London South |406 |479 |426 |346 |561 London West |365 |428 |388 |417 |431 South West Region Avon |432 |440 |342 |378 |764 Devon and Cornwall |861 |1,003 |918 |877 |1,238 Dorset and Somerset |307 |344 |231 |226 |296 Gloucester and Wiltshire |442 |402 |285 |333 |468 West Midlands Region Birmingham and Solihull |1,177 |1,506 |1,424 |1,363 |1,988 Coventry and Warwickshire |524 |559 |598 |418 |701 Dudley and Sandwell |631 |684 |688 |619 |755 Staffordshire |594 |628 |541 |494 |603 The Marches, Hereford/Worcester |577 |555 |550 |580 |716 Wolverhampton and Walsall |463 |587 |715 |466 |532 East Midlands and Eastern Region Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire |317 |289 |260 |249 |396 Derbyshire |531 |571 |444 |430 |512 Leicestershire and Northamptonshire |598 |714 |571 |733 |960 Lincolnshire |240 |282 |271 |334 |196 Norfolk and Suffolk |530 |466 |526 |393 |540 Nottinghamshire |786 |1,122 |1,062 |929 |964 Yorkshire and Humberside Region Bradford, Calderdale and Kirklees |914 |981 |930 |905 |1,002 Humberside |727 |884 |737 |802 |1,088 North Yorkshire and Leeds |1,245 |993 |1,012 |1,052 |1,137 Sheffield and Rotherham |994 |959 |888 |802 |1,308 Wakefield, Doncaster and Barnsley |1,144 |1,019 |1,083 |1,019 |1,741 North West Region Cheshire |574 |854 |679 |519 |689 Cumbria |182 |181 |287 |190 |259 Lancashire |899 |937 |907 |936 |1,130 Central Manchester |639 |791 |768 |655 |785 Greater Manchester North |685 |856 |839 |849 |700 Greater Manchester East |644 |675 |652 |688 |774 Merseyside |1,671 |2,067 |1,837 |1,767 |2,213 Northern Region Cleveland |1,222 |1,352 |893 |1,170 |1,356 County Durham |917 |944 |959 |877 |1,139 Northumberland, North Tyneside and Newcastle |1,006 |1,195 |1,011 |987 |1,307 Sunderland, South Tyneside and Gateshead |1,182 |1,318 |959 |846 |1,270 Wales Dyfed and West Glamorgan |855 |912 |774 |556 |889 Gwent |516 |409 |479 |443 |640 Gwynned, Clwyd and Powys |486 |397 |329 |332 |685 Mid and South Glamorgan |893 |1,001 |755 |883 |1,027 Scotland Ayrshire, Dumfries and Galloway |675 |889 |627 |801 |1,122 Central and Fife |567 |693 |388 |644 |887 Glasgow City |1,186 |1,601 |1,159 |1,492 |1,697 Grampian and Tayside |748 |1,055 |685 |799 |1,091 Highlands and Islands |190 |238 |240 |230 |262 Lanarkshire |567 |840 |727 |821 |781 Lothian and Borders |645 |804 |574 |589 |792 Renfrew, Dumbarton and Argyll |714 |987 |779 |1,066 |997 |------- |------- |------- |------- |------- Great Britain Total |39,018 |43,876 |39,117 |38,907 |48,973 <1> South East figures have been revised since this same information was given in a previous answer.
Mr. Bermingham : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what comprehensive plans have been made, and what programmes for implementation of procedures, for the fire service to deal with accidents on railway or road involving external emissions of gamma radiation, and for police officers and other workers immediately affected ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Mullin : To ask the Attorney-General, further to his answer to the hon. Member for Sunderland, South, of 3 July, Official Report, column 14, what action he has now taken with regard to the Today newspaper for its front page story on 11 May headed, "Maggie IRA Bomb Squad Seized", concerning the arrest of three Irishmen who were later released without charge.
The Attorney-General : I have considered the matter, but have concluded that there is no realistic prospect that any prosecution would result in a conviction. Accordingly, I do not propose to take any further action.
The Attorney-General : Subject to parliamentary approval of the necessary supplementary estimate, the cash limit on class XI, vote 12 will be increased by £250,000 from £5,514,000 to £5,764,000. Within this total the running costs limit will remain at £5,372,000. This change is to enable the serious fraud office to meet the costs of capital works relating to its new accommodation at Elm house, some of which although initially provided for in 1988-89 have, due to unexpected delays in completion of the work, now slipped into 1989-90. The increase will be charged to the reserve and will not add to the planned total of public expenditure.
Dr. Thomas : To ask the Prime Minister if she will set out the details of the policy options for global co-operation on environmental protection and environmental improvement she presented to the Inter- Parliamentary Union meeting on 6 September in London.
The Prime Minister : My speech to the Inter-Parliamentary Union last month set out the principles which I believe should govern our efforts to improve the environment. There are four : first, that proper protection for the environment is not possible without adequate growth ; secondly, that we need a sound scientific base to enable us to adopt policies and remedies which will be effective ; thirdly, that the demand for a better environment means accepting the costs involved and that action must work with the grain of the market and of human nature ; and fourthly, that many of the key environmental problems cannot be addressed by one nation alone--they need international co-operation. The Government have followed these principles in the detailed actions it has taken to improve the environment domestically and to take the lead in international co-operation, notably in the London ozone layer conference earlier this year and in the proposal we have made in the United Nations for an international framework convention on global climate change.
The Prime Minister : I have no plans to do so. The Government will continue to take account in all their policies of those with particular needs. The recent statement on benefits by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Social Security has directed further
Column 8substantial help to the less well-off pensioners, the lower income families with children and the long-term sick and disabled.
(2) whether Sir Alan Walters is subject to the same conditions of service as other special advisers ; and if she will make a statement ;
(3) whether Sir Alan Walters is subject to the same conditions of service as civil servants at a comparable grade ; and if she will make a statement ;
(4) whether Sir Alan Walters is subject to the same rules of conduct as civil servants at a comparable grade ; and if she will make a statement.
The Prime Minister : Sir Alan Walters was employed as a fee-paid consultant. His conditions of service were based on those of a special adviser which differ slightly from those of permanent civil servants. He is subject to the provisions of the Official Secrets Acts.
The Prime Minister : I have appointed my hon. Friend the Member for Poole (Mr. Ward) as a substitute member in place of my hon. Friend the Member for Thanet, North (Mr. Gale), and I have appointed my hon. Friend the Member for Broxbourne (Mrs. Roe) as a substitute member in place of my hon. Friend the Member for Eastwood (Mr. Stewart).
Mrs. Chalker : Subject to parliamentary approval of the necessary supplementary estimate, the cash limit on the overseas aid vote (class II vote 5) will be increased by £74,613,000 to £1,365,579,000. The increase reflects adjustments to the aid programme during the year, including significant new commitments for Nigeria of £49,600, 000-- Official Report 6 December 1988 column 90 --and for the Commonwealth Development Corporation of £20,000,000-- Official Report, 21 May 1989, column 38. The increase also includes £2,500,000 for the estimated costs in 1989-90 of training and advice under the know-how fund for Poland- - Official Report 18 October 1989, column 149 --originally to be incurred on class II vote 2, "Other External Relations". Pending approval of the supplementary estimate, urgent expenditure of £1,500,000 for this new service will be met by a repayable advance from the contingencies fund. The running costs cash limit for the ODA has also been increased by £300,000, from £43,831, 000 to £44,131,000. The net effect of these changes has been charged to the reserve, and will not, therefore, add to the planned total of public expenditure.
Mr. Pawsey : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what percentage of letters from hon. Members to his Department received a reply (a) in under four weeks, (b) within four to six weeks, (c) within six to eight weeks and (d) over eight weeks, in each of the last three years.
Mrs. Rumbold : The information is not readily available in the form requested. The Department received 11,157 letters for ministerial reply between January and September this year ; 4,798 were replied to within four weeks. Approximately two thirds of this correspondence was from hon. Members.
Mr. Geoffrey Robinson : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will provide figures to support the statement made by the hon. Member for Mitcham and Morden (Mrs. Rumbold) on 15 September, that teachers' pay has increased over the past three years by 40 per cent.
Date of settlement |Increase Per cent. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 31 March 1986 |1.6 1 April 1986 |5.7 1 January 1987 and 1 October 1987 |<1>16.4 1 April 1988 |4.75 1 April 1989 |6.3 <1> Paid in two instalments of 8.2 per cent.
The cumulative effect has been a rise in teachers' pay of some 40 per cent.
Mr. Raison : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will give the figures for average teachers' earnings for each year from 1981 to the latest year for which figures are available at 1985 prices.
Average teachers<1> salaries 1981-89 Year (April) |Average salaries (Cash) |Average salaries real terms<2> (1985 prices) [NL] |£ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1981 |8,031 |10,275 1982 |8,618 |10,087 1983 |9,119 |10,255 1984 |9,652 |10,327 1985 |10,391 |10,391 1986 |11,216 |10,883 1987 |13,100 |12,200 1988 |13,670 |12,249 1989 |14,762 |12,244 <1>Teachers in maintained nursery, primary and secondary schools in England and Wales. <2>Using the Retail Prices Index.
Mr. Vaz : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what representations he has received concerning the referral of the interim pay award for teachers to the teachers' interim advisory committee ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Riddick : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will provide details of what examination fees can be recovered by schools and colleges from pupils who fail to complete the course work requirements of the GCSE examination.
Mrs. Rumbold : If a pupil fails without good reason to complete the requirements, including coursework, for any public examination for which the LEA or school has paid an entry fee, it is open to the LEA under section 108 of the Education Reform Act 1988 to recover the fee from the parent or guardian.
Mr. Alan Howarth : Bulk copies of a fact sheet on crack were issued by the Department on 29 August to all drugs education co-ordinators in England. It is for each co-ordinator to decide how the fact sheet should be distributed locally.
Mr. Win Griffiths : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he has made any estimate of the extra resources needed to enable children with special needs to participate fully in the national curriculum.
Mrs. Rumbold : The cost of implementing the national curriculum will be met from the redirection of existing resources. However, the Government are making specific grants available to local education authorities to support the introduction of the national curriculum. In this financial year, there will be support for over £100 million expenditure. It is for authorities to decide how much to spend within this total in order to enable children with special educational needs to participate fully in the national curriculum, where appropriate.
Mr. Straw : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science, pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Southwark and Bermondsey (Mr. Hughes), Official Report, 24 April, column 421, why information on local education authorities' cash plans is not available for the years 1981 to 1984 ; and what relevant information is held by his Department.
Mr. MacGregor : Cash plans were not requested in the period 1981-84 and information comparable with that provided for later years could not be made available without disproportionate expense. For the period in question the Department sought estimates from local education authorities of the cost of certain elements of their capital programme, but not in respect of new places to meet basic need for areas of population growth. Where numbers were expected to increase pupil projections were converted to allocations by means of standard cost multipliers per pupil place.
Mr. Jackson [holding answer 26 October 1989] : The Medical Research Council is the main agency through which the Government support medical research. The council spent £2.3 million on research specifically into infertility in the financial year 1988-89 and also supports a range of basic research which may be of relevance to infertility.
Additionally, research on infertility may be pursued by university departments and medical schools with support from UFC block grants, and by health authorities ; information on this is not collected centrally.
I. MRC Establishments
1. Clinical Research Centre, Clinical Sciences Division, Harrow Project Title
(i) Ultrasound and hormonal analysis of ovarian follicular growth in infertile women.
(ii) A population survey of ovarian morphology.
(iii) Urine Steroid profiling in patients with ovulatory dysfunction.
2. Clinical Research Centre, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Harrow
Study of efficacy of antimicrobial therapy in male infertility. 3. MRC Human Genetics Unit, Edinburgh
Cytogenetic and physiological aspects of meiosis in man and other mammals : male infertility ; Spontaneous and mutagen--induced aneuploidy.
4. MRC Experimental Embryology and Teratology Unit, London Project Title
Factors affecting in-vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer in laboratory animals and man.
5. MRC Mammalian Development Unit, London
Genetic, molecular and hormonal factors affecting gonadal differentiation in the mouse.
6. MRC Reproductive Biology Unit, Edinburgh
(i) Role of neuropeptides, inhibin and gonadal steroids in the differential secretion of pituitary gonadogtrophins.
(ii) Lactational amenorrhoea in women. Implications for contraception and family planning.
(iii) Neural mechanisms governing the secretion of LHRH and functionally- related peptides.
(iv) Application of neuropeptide analogues and steroid antagonists in the regulation of the pituitary gland.
(v) Molecular analysis of sperm function in normal and infertile men. Effect of oral contraceptives and putative therapeutic agents. (
(vi) Identification and characterisation of gamete specific antigens. Immunological infertility and contraceptive vaccines. (
(vii) Endocrine, paracrine and autocrine regulation of the ovary, with reference to physiology of the follicle and corpus luteum. (
(viii) Prostaglandins in human semen. Role in sperm physiology and immunosuppression.
(ix) Endrocrine, paracrine and autocrine regulation of the testis. Application of chemotoxins in the study of hormone kinetics and gametogenesis.