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Severn Crossing

Mr. Roy Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what is the current estimate of the cost of the second Severn crossing.

Mr. Atkins : Responses were received on 2 October from the four consortia invited to tender for the construction of the second Severn crossing. These are now being considered. At this stage details of costs must remain confidential.

Mr. Roy Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what is the current expected date of completion of the second Severn crossing.

Mr. Atkins : No date has yet been decided, but if all goes well the crossing could be completed by the end of 1995.

Channel Tunnel

Sir John Stanley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will place in the Library a copy of the joint venture agreement for Channel tunnel rail services between British Rail and Eurorail, referred to in his answer to the hon. Member for Thanet, South (Mr. Aitken) of 3 November, Official Report, columns 346-47.

Mr. Portillo : No. I do not intend to do so.

East London Assessment Study

Mr. Cohen : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what plans he has for a new link route between Tottenham Hale and Hackney Wick ; if he will consult the London borough of Waltham Forest about it ; if he will make it his policy to hold a public inquiry before any decision on the route is taken ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Atkins : I refer the hon. Member to the reply given to the right hon. Member for Brentford and Isleworth (Sir B. Hayhoe) on 23 October at column 373 . It is too soon to say what the outcome will be, or if there will be any effect on the London borough of Waltham Forest. Any schemes resulting from decisions taken on the assessment studies will be subject to the appropriate procedures, whether for roads or public transport.

Bus Routes (London)

Mr. Spearing : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will take steps to ensure that London Regional Transport is discharging its duties to consult London borough councils over changes to bus routes.

Mr. Portillo : Where London Regional Transport proposes to vary an existing bus service it is required by the Transport Act 1985 to consult the local authorities affected as well as the police, the London regional passengers committee and any other person it thinks fit. I have no evidence of LRT failing to comply with this requirement.


Column 76

Travel Concessions

Mr. Spearing : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what is the policy of Her Majesty's Government towards maintaining the current pattern of travel concessions to pensioners in Greater London, other than any variants of time limits not exceeding half an hour.

Mr. Portillo : Travel concessions organised by London Regional Transport are a matter for the London boroughs and the City of London which fund the scheme. If they do not agree on a uniform voluntary scheme by 1 January in any year, the London Regional Transport Act 1984 provides for automatic implementation of a reserve scheme for the ensuing financial year which guarantees free travel for elderly, blind and disabled London residents on all LRT services.

Civil Service Dispersal

Mr. Thurnham : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he has any plans to relocate his Department's offices to the north-west of England ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Atkins : I have no plans at present to add to the number of offices the Department already occupies in the north-west of England.

Air Misses

Mr. David Marshall : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many air misses have been reported by air traffic controllers in each of the last six months.

Mr. McLoughlin : By international definition an air miss is a pilot report. With effect from 1 April 1989 the Civil Aviation Authority introduced a similar scheme to permit air traffic control personnel to report aircraft proximity hazards (APHAZ reports). The reports are at present investigated by the CAA's safety regulation group. It is expected that an independent APHAZ assessment panel will be established and functioning before the end of the year.

The number of reports received since the inception of the scheme are as follows :


                                                    |1984 |1985 |1986 |1987 |1988 |Total      

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) All risk bearing airmisses                      |78   |66   |71   |78   |92   |385        

(b) Those involving both a commercial air transport                                           

      and a military aircraft<1>                    |6    |4    |3    |5    |5    |23         

(c) Proportion of (b) to (a) Percentage             |8    |6    |4    |6    |5    |6          

<1> 'Commercial air transport' means aircraft carrying fare paying passengers.                

To date, investigation and action has been completed on 33 of the reports.

Mr. David Marshall : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what are the official figures for air misses involving civil and military aircraft for each of the last five years ; and what proportion these figures represent of the total actual air misses.

Mr. McLoughlin : The figures produced by the joint airmiss working group are as follows :


                                                    |1984 |1985 |1986 |1987 |1988 |Total      

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) All risk bearing airmisses                      |78   |66   |71   |78   |92   |385        

(b) Those involving both a commercial air transport                                           

      and a military aircraft<1>                    |6    |4    |3    |5    |5    |23         

(c) Proportion of (b) to (a) Percentage             |8    |6    |4    |6    |5    |6          

<1> 'Commercial air transport' means aircraft carrying fare paying passengers.                


Column 77

Mr. McLoughlin : The Department receives copies of the information on landing charges published annually by BAA plc,

Channel Tunnel (Freight Links)

Mr. Robert Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport when he expects to receive British Rail's assessment of the costs and feasibility of providing a dedicated rail system for transporting freight directly from the Channel tunnel to the North of England ; and whether any other studies of this matter have been or are being undertaken.

Mr. Portillo : British Rail will be setting out its proposals in the plan which it will shortly be publishing in compliance with section 40 of the Channel Tunnel Act 1987.


Column 78

Tolls

Mr. Cox : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the roads, bridges or tunnels in England and Wales where tolls have to be paid.

Mr. Atkins : There are more than 50 tolled roads, bridges and tunnels in England. The major tolled estuarial crossings, owned by the Department or the relevant local authorities, are :

Severn Bridge

Dartford Tunnels

Humber Bridge

Mersey Tunnels

Tyne Tunnel

Itchen Bridge

Tamar Bridge

The smaller undertakings are mostly privately owned. These include :

Selby Bridge (North Yorkshire)

Aldwark Bridge (North Yorkshire)

Clifton Suspension Bridge (Bristol)

Dunham Bridge (near Lincoln)

Kingsland Bridge and toll road (Shrewsbury)

Shard Bridge (Lancashire)

Swinford Bridge (Oxfordshire)

Whitchurch Bridge (near Reading)

Whitney on Wye Bridge (Hereford and Worcester)

Roads, bridges and tunnels in Wales are a matter for my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Wales.

Potholes

Mr. Batiste : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport when he will update the regulations concerning work undertaken by utility companies on roads and footpaths in accordance with the recommendations of the Horne report ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Atkins : Much useful progress has been made in following up the recommendations of the report, including drawing up and consulting on proposals for legislation. A Bill will be introduced as soon as a suitable opportunity can be found.

A19 (Safety)

Mr. Cummings : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the number of accidents, serious injuries and deaths on the section of A19 from Peterlee to Sunderland, over the last two years, giving the location of such accidents.

Mr. Atkins : The accident information requested, in order of occurrence, is as follows :


Column 79


A19 (TR) Durham-From County Boundary Sunderland to Passfield Way Peterlee                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Injury accidents 1 January 1987-31 December 1988                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Reference Number                          Date                                     Location of Accident                     Map Reference                            Accidents                                                                                                                  Casualties                                                                                                                 Total                                                                            

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

17                                       |9 February 1987                         |A19 Northbound carriage way at Passfield|4112 3959                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Way junction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

18                                       |15 February 1987                        |A19 Slip road at South junction to B1404|4007 5012                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Seaton, Seaham                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

33                                       |15 March 1987                           |A19 Southbound carriageway exit slip    |4125 4549                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |4                                       |4                                                                                

                                                                                  |  road from Hawthorn services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

34                                       |27 March 1987                           |A19 Southbound slip road from B1432     |4074 4716                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

19                                       |23 February 1987                        |A19 Southbound carriageway North of     |4064 4775                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Murton footbridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

32                                       |30 March 1987                           |A19 Southbound carriageway junction     |4112 3959                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  with Passfield Way Peterlee                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

44                                       |5 April 1987                            |A19 Southbound carriageway junction     |4112 3959                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  with Passfield Way Peterlee                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

45                                       |6 April 1987                            |A19 Southbound carriageway near         |4073 4342                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Easington Village                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

46                                       |6 April 1987                            |A19 Northbound carriageway approx.     |4120 4532                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  mile South of Easington                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

47                                       |6 April 1987                            |A19 Southbound carriageway adjacent to  |4125 4549                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Hawthorn Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

48                                       |6 April 1987                            |A19 Southbound carriageway adjacent to  |4125 4549                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Hawthorn Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

50                                       |6 April 1987                            |A19 Southbound carriageway adjacent to  |4125 4549                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Hawthorn Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

70                                       |12 May 1987                             |A19 Northbound carriageway " mile       |4106 4496                               |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |-                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  South of Hawthorn Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

83                                       |1 June 1987                             |A19 Southbound carriageway adjacent to  |4125 4549                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Hawthorn Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

82                                       |20 June 1987                            |A19 Southbound carriageway at Passfield |4112 3959                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Way junction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

84                                       |24 June 1987                            |A19 1 mile North of Murton              |4060 4794                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

107                                      |7 August 1987                           |A19 Southbound carriageway approach to  |4140 4120                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Lowhills roundabout                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

109                                      |19 August 1987                          |A19/B1404 Northbound near to            |4004 5015                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |3                                       |3                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Northbound entry slip road                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

108                                      |26 August 1987                          |A19 Northbound carriageway Near Mill    |4132 4258                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Hill Peterlee                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

127                                      |1 September 1987                        |A19 " mile South of Hawthorn Services   |4106 4496                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Northbound carriageway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

128                                      |15 September 1987                       |A19 Northbound exit slip road Murton    |4080 4699                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Flyover                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

152                                      |12 November 1987                        |A19 Northbound carriageway 2/3 mile     |4115 4519                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  South of Hawthorn Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

155                                      |26 November 1987                        |A19 Burnhope Way entrance to Lowhills   |4140 4120                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  roundabout Peterlee                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

(TW)                                     |27 November 1987                        |A19 Southbound carriageway " mile       |3940 5070                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

77                                                                                |  North of junction to Seaham Vc                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

2                                        |1 January 1988                          |A19 Lowhills roundabout Peterlee        |4140 4120                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |3                                       |3                                                                                

3                                        |4 January 1988                          |A19 Northbound carriageway Loaning      |4069 4356                               |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |4                                       |1                                       |6                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Burn Easington                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

4                                        |5 January 1988                          |A19 Southbound carriageway South of     |4132 4278                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Easington                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

8                                        |5 January 1988                          |A19 Northbound carriageway              |4079 4705                               |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  approximately 200 yds South of B1285                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

9                                        |11 January 1988                         |A19 Northbound carriageway 300 yds      |4115 4155                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  South of Westlane Bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

5                                        |12 January 1988                         |A19 Northbound carriageway North of     |4068 4362                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |3                                       |3                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Easington entry slip road                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

10                                       |18 January 1988                         |A19 Northbound slip road at junction    |4005 5010                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  B1404 Seaham                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

24                                       |8 February 1988                         |A19 Southbound carriageway 1 mile       |4094 4452                               |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |-                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  South of Hawthorne Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

27                                       |24 February 1988                        |A19 junction slip to A1018 Seaham       |4019 4953                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

62                                       |30 May 1988                             |A19 entrance to Hawthorne Services      |4125 4549                               |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |-                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Northbound carriageway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

100                                      |17 June 1988                            |A19 Southbound carriageway " mile       |4105 4498                               |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |-                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  South of Hawthorn Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

98                                       |17 August 1988                          |A19 Southbound carriageway junction     |4114 3959                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  with Passfield Way                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

131                                      |2 November 1988                         |A19 Lowhills Roundabout Peterlee        |4140 4120                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

130                                      |18 November 1988                        |A19 Northbound carriageway 100 yds      |4121 4540                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  South of Hawthorne Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

115                                      |10 December 1988                        |A19 " mile North of B1404 between       |3950 5070                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |1                                       |1                                                                                

                                                                                  |  Seaton and Burdon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

145                                      |18 December 1988                        |A19 junction with Passfield Way Peterlee|4112 3960                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

146                                      |21 December 1988                        |A19 Northbound carriageway junction     |4114 3959                               |-                                       |-                                       |X                                       |-                                       |-                                       |2                                       |2                                                                                

                                                                                  |  with Passfield Way                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                    |---                                     |---                                     |---                                     |---                                     |---                                     |---                                     |---                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                                    |2                                       |4                                       |35                                      |3                                       |8                                       |53                                      |64                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                                    |Total 41                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

EDUCATION AND SCIENCE

Medical Schools

Sir David Price : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many medical schools in England and Wales have a department of rehabilitation medicine in their medical faculty ; and how many medically qualified staff are employed in each.

Mr. Jackson : Four, of which one has seven medically qualified members of staff and the remainder three each.

Further Education

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many local education authorities had submitted schemes of delegation for further education to his Department for approval by the required date of 30 September 1989.

Mr. Jackson : Of the 95 local education authorities required to submit schemes of planning and delegation for further education to my Department by 30 September 1989, all but one have now done so.

Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) in the submitted articles of government for further education colleges, how many local education authority schemes of delegation propose the inclusion of representation by special needs staff on the academic board ;

(2) in the submitted schemes of delegation for further education (a) where reference is made to procedures of planning, how many of them make reference to the procedures they intend to use for planning for the needs of young people with special education needs, (b) how many schemes of delegation establish special educational needs as a specific programme area for resourcing purposes in respect of course provision for groups of students with special educational needs, (c) where a specific programme area is established for SEN, what weighting is given to it, (d) how many LEAs have followed the recommendation under item 23 of circular 9/88 to establish a development fund for the development of provision for students with SEN and (e) how many LEAs have included among their expected items of expenditure a central fund for meeting the costs of individual students with SEN, as recommended under item 27 of circular 9/88 ; (3) what criteria his Department is employing in determining whether to approve the schemes of delegation submitted by local education authorities, with regard to the provision of services to students with special educational needs.

Mr. Jackson : The Department is currently considering schemes of planning and delegation for further education


Column 82

submitted for approval by LEAs other than inner London. In considering schemes for approval, my right hon. Friend will want to assure himself that all LEAs intend to take account, in planning their further and higher education provision, of the need to secure an appropriate range of education and training opportunities for those who have special educational needs. The information requested on the schemes submitted could be supplied only at disproportionate cost.

St. John's Angell School, Brixton

Mr. Fraser : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what communications he has received from St. John's Angell Church of England primary school in Brixton about staffing ; and what reply he has sent.

Mrs. Rumbold : A letter on this subject from the acting head teacher of St. John's Angell Town primary school was received on 2 November. It will be replied to as soon as possible.

School Leavers

Mr. Paice : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what proportion of the total number of students eligible to leave school at age 16 years in the summers of 1988 and 1989 (a) joined a 6th form course, (b) became employed full time, (c) joined YTS as an employee, (d) joined YTS as a trainee, (e) became employed part-time, and (f) entered further education.

Mr. Jackson : In January 1989, the latest date for which figures are available, provisional estimates of students aged 16 at 31 August 1988 in England, were as follows :


Percentage of the age group in full-time  

education                                 

                            |Number       

------------------------------------------

School<1>                   |33           

Further/higher education<2> |17           

All                         |50           

YTS<3>                      |23           

In employment<4>            |27           

<1> Pupils attending maintained,          

independent and special schools are       

included.                                 

<2> Full-time and sandwich including      

higher education but excluding private    

further education. Excludes those on YTS  

within college.                           

<3> Includes those in further educational 

establishments attending YTS courses.     

<4> Including those who were neither      

employed nor seeking work (eg. because of 

domestic responsibilities).               

Education Spending (Northumberland)

Mr. Ronnie Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what resources have been provided in Northumberland in connection with the implementation of the national curriculum.


Column 83

Mrs. Rumbold : Targeted support for expenditure by local education authorities on the introduction of the national curriculum is channelled through education support grants and LEA training grants. This financial year the Government are supporting £801,100 of expenditure in Northumberland through these grants to help the authority's schools to implement the national curriculum. That is an addition to the general rate support grant (RSG) funding which local authorities receive in support of spending. It is for Northumberland itself to determine how much in total to allocate to the implementation of the education reforms, including the national curriculum.

Student Loans

Mr. Cox : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what is the number of letters received by his Department expressing (a) support and (b) opposition to the introduction of student loans ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Jackson : Since the publication of the White Paper on top-up loans for students we have received about 4,100 letters. Many supported the principle that students should contribute to their own living costs.

College Accommodation

Mr. Madden : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) what action he is taking to assist Bradford and Ilkley community college secure additional accommodation following the withdrawal of the college from the Alexandra hotel ; and if he will make extra funds immediately available to the college to secure additional accommodation for lectures and students ;

(2) what regulations exist governing the minimum standards of teaching accommodation at colleges ; and if he will make a statement ;

(3) what reports he has received from problems caused by a shortage of teaching accommodation at the Bradford campus of Bradford and Ilkley community college ; if he will arrange for an official inspection immediately of the teaching facilities at the Bradford campus ; if he will make a statement ;

(4) what representations he has received from students from the Bradford campus of Bradford and Ilkley community college about the lack of lecture rooms and seating ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Jackson : My right hon. Friend has not received any reports or representations this year about the teaching accommodation at the Bradford campus of the Bradford and Ilkley community college. However, the Department has received a bid from the Bradford education authority for a major building project, to start in 1990, to replace the Alexandra hotel building. The bid will be considered on its merits along with those from other education authorities, and allocations will be announced in December.

There are no regulations regarding minimum standards of teaching accommodation for further and higher education (FHE) colleges. However, the Department publishes advice about the capacity of FHE institutions ; such advice can be found in design notes 33, 37, 44 and 45. I am sending the hon. Member copies of all these publications.


Column 84

Her Majesty's inspectorate make regular visits to FHE colleges which include assessments of the adequacy and sufficiency of teaching and other accommodation.

Nursing Courses

Mr. Macdonald : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if students undertaking nursing undergraduate courses in full-time higher education are to have their grants frozen and replaced with loans under the proposed student loans scheme.

Mr. Jackson : Students on nursing degree courses, like other students in full-time higher education, will have access to the additional resource provided by the top-up loan.

Graduates

Mr. Hannam : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) what is the average income level received 12 months after graduation by (a) disabled graduates, (b) able-bodied graduates and (c) all graduates ;

(2) what is the average length of time taken to enter full-time employment following graduation for (a) disabled graduates, (b) able-bodied graduates and (c) all graduates.

Mr. Jackson : The information is not collected centrally.

Class Sizes

Ms. Armstrong : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what are the latest figures for the average class sizes in (a) primary schools, (b) secondary schools and (c) nursery schools for each local education authority in England.

Mr. Alan Howarth : Information on average class sizes for nursery schools is not available centrally. The average class size for maintained primary and secondary schools in each local education authority in England in January 1989 is given in the table. Class sizes relate to those taught by one teacher during a selected period on the day of the census count in January. They do not necessarily represent the pattern of classes over the academic year as a whole.


Average class sizes in maintained Primary and        

Secondary schools                                    

January 1989                                         

                        Average class size           

                       |Primary  |Secondary          

-----------------------------------------------------

Barking                |24.3     |18.7               

Barnet                 |24.2     |18.6               

Bexley                 |25.4     |20.3               

Brent                  |25.1     |19.0               

Bromley                |25.9     |19.6               

Croydon                |25.5     |20.3               

Ealing                 |23.9     |18.1               

Enfield                |26.3     |19.5               

Haringey               |24.3     |18.4               

Harrow                 |26.8     |21.5               

Havering               |26.1     |19.4               

Hillingdon             |25.3     |19.7               

Hounslow               |24.8     |19.2               

Kingston upon Thames   |26.7     |18.1               

Merton                 |26.2     |20.1               

Newham                 |25.5     |20.5               

Redbridge              |28.6     |19.9               

Richmond upon Thames   |25.1     |20.6               

Sutton                 |26.3     |20.0               

Waltham Forest         |26.4     |17.9               

                                                     

Inner London           |23.5     |20.2               

                                                     

Birmingham             |27.4     |21.4               

Coventry               |26.1     |20.7               

Dudley                 |25.9     |19.1               

Sandwell               |26.1     |18.6               

Solihull               |26.3     |20.3               

Walsall                |24.2     |18.3               

Wolverhampton          |22.9     |19.0               

                                                     

Knowsley               |25.3     |19.1               

Liverpool              |24.4     |19.0               

St. Helens             |26.2     |18.4               

Sefton                 |26.3     |20.5               

Wirral                 |24.5     |19.9               

                                                     

Bolton                 |26.6     |19.4               

Bury                   |25.8     |19.8               

Manchester             |25.5     |18.8               

Oldham                 |26.9     |19.6               

Rochdale               |26.8     |18.5               

Salford                |25.2     |18.4               

Stockport              |26.3     |19.4               

Tameside               |26.7     |20.3               

Trafford               |26.4     |19.0               

Wigan                  |26.3     |18.7               

Barnsley               |25.5     |19.9               

Doncaster              |24.9     |20.1               

Rotherham              |24.5     |19.0               

Sheffield              |24.6     |19.3               

                                                     

Bradford               |25.0     |20.7               

Calderdale             |26.7     |19.6               

Kirklees               |25.7     |19.4               

Leeds                  |25.5     |19.3               

Wakefield              |26.2     |19.5               

                                                     

Gateshead              |23.7     |18.7               

Newcastle-upon-Tyne    |25.7     |19.1               

North Tyneside         |23.2     |18.5               

South Tyneside         |23.6     |17.9               

Sunderland             |24.8     |19.6               

                                                     

Isles of Scilly        |14.0     |12.2               

                                                     

Avon                   |27.2     |20.6               

Bedfordshire           |25.8     |20.9               

Berkshire              |26.5     |19.3               

Buckinghamshire        |27.7     |20.4               

Cambridgeshire         |26.7     |20.4               

Cheshire               |27.7     |19.9               

Cleveland              |25.5     |18.9               

Cornwall               |26.1     |20.2               

Cumbria                |24.4     |19.0               

Derbyshire             |25.4     |19.5               

                                                     

Devon                  |26.0     |21.3               

Dorset                 |26.8     |20.8               

Durham                 |26.0     |20.1               

East Sussex            |25.9     |20.2               

Essex                  |26.0     |20.8               

Gloucestershire        |25.7     |19.7               

Hampshire              |26.0     |20.4               

Hereford and Worcester |25.7     |20.1               

Hertfordshire          |25.0     |19.0               

Humberside             |25.5     |20.0               

Lancashire             |27.2     |20.0               

Leicestershire         |25.5     |19.8               

Lincolnshire           |25.9     |20.2               

Norfolk                |24.9     |19.6               

North Yorkshire        |24.6     |19.7               

Northamptonshire       |26.2     |20.1               

Northumberland         |25.3     |20.3               

Nottinghamshire        |25.3     |19.1               

                                                     

Oxfordshire            |26.0     |20.7               

Shropshire             |24.6     |19.3               

Somerset               |26.3     |21.0               

Staffordshire          |25.5     |20.4               

Suffolk                |24.8     |21.0               

Surrey                 |24.5     |19.0               

Warwickshire           |25.5     |19.5               

West Sussex            |25.9     |20.6               

Wiltshire              |25.5     |20.2               

                                                     

England                |25.7     |19.9               

Under-fives

Ms. Armstrong : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) what are the latest figures for the percentage of under-fives in nursery schools, by local education authority in England in rank order ;

(2) what are the latest figures for the percentage of under-fives in nursery classes, by local education authority in England, in rank order ;

(3) what are the latest figures for the percentage of under-fives in infant classes, by local education authority in England, in rank order.

Mrs. Rumbold : The percentage of children under five attending maintained nursery schools, nursery classes and infant classes in primary schools in each local education authority in England in January 1989 in rank order is given in the following tables.


Percentage of children under five attending nursery schools in each         

local education authority in January 1989 in rank order                     

                          |Percentage of population                         

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

South Tyneside            |18.7                                             

Durham                    |17.0                                             

Rochdale                  |14.9                                             

Salford                   |14.4                                             

Newham                    |13.2                                             

Wolverhampton             |12.4                                             

Sunderland                |11.8                                             

Walsall                   |11.3                                             

Stockport                 |10.9                                             

Berkshire                 |9.6                                              

Newcastle-upon-Tyne       |9.6                                              

Lancashire                |9.2                                              

Bedfordshire              |8.6                                              

Birmingham                |7.9                                              

Kingston-upon-Thames      |7.7                                              

Staffordshire             |7.3                                              

Inner London              |7.0                                              

Cumbria                   |6.9                                              

Barnet                    |6.9                                              

Ealing                    |6.8                                              

Hertfordshire             |6.6                                              

Warwickshire              |6.5                                              

Bolton                    |6.5                                              

Avon                      |6.4                                              

North Tyneside            |6.1                                              

Sheffield                 |6.1                                              

Wakefield                 |5.9                                              

Kirklees                  |5.9                                              

Sutton                    |5.9                                              

Tameside                  |5.7                                              

Derbyshire                |5.6                                              

Coventry                  |5.3                                              

Rotherham                 |5.2                                              

Waltham Forest            |5.2                                              

Oxfordshire               |5.2                                              

Croydon                   |4.9                                              

Sefton                    |4.5                                              

Liverpool                 |4.5                                              

Humberside                |4.5                                              

Manchester                |4.2                                              

Northamptonshire          |4.1                                              

Dudley                    |4.1                                              

Cambridgeshire            |4.1                                              

Brent                     |3.7                                              

Bury                      |3.7                                              

Bradford                  |3.6                                              

Cheshire                  |3.5                                              

Haringey                  |3.3                                              

Wirral                    |3.3                                              

Bexley                    |3.2                                              

Barnsley                  |3.2                                              

West Sussex               |3.0                                              

Buckinghamshire           |3.0                                              

Sandwell                  |2.6                                              

Norfolk                   |2.4                                              

Nottinghamshire           |2.4                                              

Lincolnshire              |2.3                                              

North Yorkshire           |2.2                                              

Wigan                     |2.1                                              

East Sussex               |2.1                                              

Northumberland            |2.0                                              

Hillingdon                |2.0                                              

Richmond upon Thames      |1.9                                              

Surrey                    |1.8                                              

Shropshire                |1.7                                              

St. Helens                |1.6                                              

Gateshead                 |1.3                                              

Leeds                     |1.3                                              

Devon                     |1.1                                              

Cleveland                 |1.0                                              

Cornwall<1>               |1.0                                              

Hampshire                 |0.7                                              

Essex                     |0.7                                              

Suffolk                   |0.6                                              

Kent                      |0.2                                              

Leicestershire            |0.2                                              

Calderdale<2>             |0.0                                              

Solihull<2>               |0.0                                              

Redbridge<2>              |0.0                                              

Hereford and Worcester<2> |0.0                                              

Somerset<2>               |0.0                                              

Dorset<2>                 |0.0                                              

Merton<2>                 |0.0                                              

Doncaster<2>              |0.0                                              

Hounslow<2>               |0.0                                              

Oldham<2>                 |0.0                                              

Havering<2>               |0.0                                              

Isle of Wight<2>          |0.0                                              

Harrow<2>                 |0.0                                              

Barking<2>                |0.0                                              

Enfield<2>                |0.0                                              

Knowsley<2>               |0.0                                              

Trafford<2>               |0.0                                              

Gloucestershire<2>        |0.0                                              

Wiltshire<2>              |0.0                                              

Bromley<2>                |0.0                                              

                                                                            

ENGLAND                   |4.2                                              

<1> Includes Isles of Scilly.                                               

<2> Have no Nursery Schools.                                                


Percentage of children under five attending nursery classes in each        

local education authority in January 1989 in rank order                    

                         |Percentage of population                         

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cleveland                |54.3                                             

Manchester               |51.7                                             

Walsall                  |48.9                                             

North Tyneside           |48.4                                             

Barnsley                 |46.6                                             

Nottinghamshire          |46.3                                             

Wolverhampton            |46.1                                             

Hillingdon               |45.9                                             

Liverpool                |45.5                                             

Newham                   |43.6                                             

Sandwell                 |43.4                                             

Wakefield                |42.6                                             

Knowsley                 |41.7                                             

Doncaster                |40.6                                             

Merton                   |40.1                                             

Salford                  |38.8                                             

Leeds                    |36.5                                             

Sheffield                |36.3                                             

Tameside                 |35.8                                             

Rotherham                |35.4                                             

Oldham                   |34.5                                             

Gateshead                |34.1                                             

Haringey                 |33.7                                             

Bradford                 |33.4                                             

Barking                  |33.3                                             

Kirklees                 |33.0                                             

Waltham Forest           |32.4                                             

South Tyneside           |32.3                                             

Solihull                 |31.9                                             

St. Helens               |31.7                                             

Newcastle-upon-Tyne      |31.1                                             

Bolton                   |30.7                                             

Inner London             |30.2                                             

Humberside               |29.8                                             

Ealing                   |29.6                                             

Dudley                   |29.6                                             

Brent                    |28.7                                             

Calderdale               |28.5                                             

Derbyshire               |28.5                                             

Sefton                   |26.7                                             

Northumberland           |26.0                                             

Birmingham               |24.5                                             

Sunderland               |24.2                                             

Barnet                   |24.2                                             

Bury                     |24.0                                             

Wigan                    |23.9                                             

Hertfordshire            |23.7                                             

Bedfordshire             |22.8                                             

Durham                   |22.7                                             

Leicestershire           |21.8                                             

Kingston upon Thames     |20.9                                             

Enfield                  |20.6                                             

Trafford                 |19.6                                             

Richmond upon Thames     |19.0                                             

Sutton                   |18.6                                             

Coventry                 |18.4                                             

Wirral                   |18.1                                             

Cheshire                 |17.9                                             

North Yorkshire          |17.2                                             

Harrow                   |16.3                                             

Northamptonshire         |16.0                                             

Staffordshire            |15.3                                             

Suffolk                  |15.0                                             

Rochdale                 |15.0                                             

Cumbria                  |14.9                                             

Berkshire                |14.6                                             

Cornwall<1>              |13.7                                             

Bexley                   |12.1                                             

Redbridge                |11.7                                             

Warwickshire             |11.2                                             

Shropshire               |10.8                                             

Surrey                   |9.7                                              

Devon                    |9.6                                              

Avon                     |9.4                                              

Oxfordshire              |9.3                                              

Cambridgeshire           |8.3                                              

Lancashire               |8.0                                              

Buckinghamshire          |7.4                                              

Hereford and Worcester   |6.4                                              

Isle of Wight            |5.9                                              

Dorset                   |5.9                                              

Lincolnshire             |5.8                                              

Stockport                |5.5                                              

Essex                    |5.5                                              

East Sussex              |5.4                                              

Kent                     |4.8                                              

Havering                 |4.3                                              

Hampshire                |4.3                                              

Norfolk                  |2.6                                              

Wiltshire                |2.2                                              

Croydon                  |2.2                                              

Bromley                  |2.0                                              

Somerset                 |0.9                                              

West Sussex              |0.6                                              

Gloucestershire<2>       |-                                                

                         |--                                               

England                  |20.5                                             

<1> Includes Isles of Scilly.                                              

<2> Has no designated nursery classes.                                     


Percentage of children under five in attending infant classes in each      

local education authority in January 1989 in rank order                    

                         |Percentage of population                         

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Isle of Wight            |36.6                                             

Gateshead                |34.2                                             

Northamptonshire         |34.1                                             

Liverpool                |33.9                                             

Calderdale               |33.7                                             

Havering                 |33.2                                             

Cumbria                  |33.2                                             

Somerset                 |33.1                                             

Solihull                 |33.1                                             

North Tyneside           |32.8                                             

Tameside                 |32.6                                             

Sefton                   |32.6                                             

Barking                  |32.5                                             

Walsall                  |32.4                                             

Doncaster                |32.4                                             

Wigan                    |32.3                                             

Cheshire                 |32.3                                             

South Tyneside           |32.1                                             

Bury                     |32.1                                             

Oldham                   |32.0                                             

Warwickshire             |32.0                                             

Lancashire               |31.8                                             

Salford                  |31.8                                             

Birmingham               |31.7                                             

Gloucestershire          |31.6                                             

St. Helens               |31.6                                             

Stockport                |31.5                                             

Sandwell                 |31.5                                             

Coventry                 |31.4                                             

Avon                     |31.2                                             

Cambridgeshire           |31.1                                             

Sunderland               |31.0                                             

Dorset                   |31.0                                             

Cornwall<1>              |30.8                                             

Northumberland           |30.6                                             

Durham                   |30.4                                             

Bolton                   |30.3                                             

Newcastle-upon-Tyne      |30.1                                             

Wirral                   |30.0                                             

East Sussex              |29.9                                             

Rochdale                 |29.6                                             

Harrow                   |29.5                                             

Enfield                  |29.2                                             

Knowsley                 |29.0                                             

Croydon                  |27.7                                             

Kingston upon Thames     |26.9                                             

Brent                    |26.7                                             

Ealing                   |26.4                                             

North Yorkshire          |26.2                                             

Haringey                 |26.2                                             

Norfolk                  |25.7                                             

Barnet                   |25.5                                             

Derbyshire               |23.2                                             

Lincolnshire             |22.7                                             

Staffordshire            |22.0                                             

                         |Leeds                                            

Wakefield                |21.3                                             

Shropshire               |21.1                                             

Humberside               |20.6                                             

Merton                   |20.4                                             

Bradford                 |19.8                                             

Kirklees                 |19.7                                             

Richmond upon Thames     |19.6                                             

Cleveland                |19.1                                             

Sheffield                |18.9                                             

Barnsley                 |17.6                                             

Hertfordshire            |17.2                                             

Wiltshire                |16.2                                             

Manchester               |15.8                                             

Wolverhampton            |15.8                                             

Devon                    |15.7                                             

Essex                    |15.6                                             

Leicestershire           |15.3                                             

Suffolk                  |15.2                                             

Hampshire                |15.0                                             

Redbridge                |14.9                                             

Rotherham                |14.9                                             

Bromley                  |14.3                                             

Dudley                   |14.0                                             

Inner London             |12.8                                             

Surrey                   |12.1                                             

Bexley                   |11.5                                             

Waltham Forest           |11.5                                             

Hereford and Worcester   |9.7                                              

Trafford                 |8.1                                              

Kent                     |8.0                                              

Buckinghamshire          |7.9                                              

Nottinghamshire          |6.7                                              

West Sussex              |5.4                                              

Bedfordshire             |5.0                                              

Oxfordshire              |3.8                                              

Hillingdon               |3.6                                              

Berkshire                |1.2                                              

Hounslow                 |1.0                                              

Sutton                   |0.6                                              

Newham                   |0.0                                              

  England                |21.1                                             

<1> Includes Isles of Scilly.                                              

Disabled Students

Mr. Hannam : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he has any evidence from other countries where a loans system has been introduced of its effects on disabled students entering further and higher education.

Mr. Jackson : We have no evidence to suggest that the introduction of loans schemes in other countries has reduced participation by disabled students. Top-up loans represent an additional resource which we intend to make available to disabled as to other students.

Mr. Hannam : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether as part of his proposals on top-up loans for students he will consider establishing a fourth access fund to assist disabled students.

Mr. Jackson : Disabled students, in addition to their present support, will be eligible for the additional resources in the form of the loan that the Government intend to provide. Unlike other students, they will retain entitlement to social security benefits. They will be eligible for support from the access fund appropriate to their level of study. In the circumstances there is no need to provide an additional access fund exclusively for disabled students.


Column 91

Mr. Hannam : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many local education authorities have policies governing payment of the disabled students allowance.

Mr. Jackson : I refer my hon. Friend to the reply that I gave to the right hon. Member for Stoke-on-Trent, South (Mr. Ashley) on 6 November 1989 at column 423.

Mr. Hannam : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether there are any national guidelines issued to local education authorities governing payment of the disabled students allowance.

Mr. Jackson : The Department issues notes of guidance to local education authorities on the interpretation and application of most aspects of the mandatory awards regulations, including those relating to disabled students. Copies are in the Library.

Mr. Hannam : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what representations his Department has received in 1989 relating to the level of the disabled students grant.

Mr. Jackson : Some formal responses to the White Paper "Top-up Loans for Students" expressed concern about the effect of those proposals on the supplementary allowances which are available with the grant for disabled students. The RNID, responding on behalf of a number of organisations representing the disabled, argued for additional funding, over and above the allowance for disabled students.

Mr. Hannam : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what research his Department has carried out or supported to ascertain the extra costs arising from disability faced by disabled students who attend higher education courses.

Mr. Jackson : The student grant rates are reviewed each year in the light of available information about students' circumstances. This comes from a variety of sources, including the series of surveys commissioned by the Department of the income and expenditure of a representative sample of students.

ENERGY

Electricity Privatisation

4. Mrs. Clwyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what is his most recent estimate for the total cost of publicising the new electricity companies and privatising the electricity supply industry ; and if he will make a statement.


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