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Mr. Winnick : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will provide further details of the costs of the Government's proposals on top-up loans for students announced in his Autumn Statement.
67. Mr. Harry Barnes : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will provide further details of the costs of the Government's proposals on top-up loans for students announced in his Autumn Statement.
68. Mr. Benn : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will provide further details of the costs of the Government's proposals on top-up loans for students announced in his Autumn Statement.
Mr. Jackson : The Government's spending plans include £109 million in 1990-91, £179 million in 1991-92 and £204 million in 1992-93 for the introduction of the top-up loans scheme from September 1990, subject to the passage of the necessary legislation. Provision for the administration costs of the loans scheme will be added when the figures are available. The loan rates will be as set out in the White Paper "Top-up loans for Students".(Cm. 520).
Ms. Armstrong : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many members of the governing bodies of (a) Newcastle polytechnic, (b) Sunderland polytechnic and (c) Teesside polytechnic receive remuneration for their position ; what is the amount of that remuneration : and what criteria are used to determine that remuneration.
Mr. Gill : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what allocations will be made to local education authorities under the education support grants programme for 1990-91 ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. MacGregor : My Department is today writing to all local education authorities in England to inform them of the level of expenditure which I have approved for each activity in the education support grants (ESG) programme for 1990-91. The programme is summarised in the following table.
The expenditure supported by ESGs in 1990-91 will total £141 million. This is over £15 million higher than the
Column 3361989-90 programme. Of the £141 million total, £50 million will support new activities and the extension of existing activities, while £91 million will support the continuation of projects begun in earlier rounds.
As in previous years, there has been great interest in the education support grants programme, with LEAs submitting a wide range of bids. I am pleased to say that all LEAs in England will be participating in the 1990- 91 programme, which is the largest so far. The activities targeted on implementing the Education Reform Act include major programmes to support local management of schools (LMS) and the national curriculum. We will be supporting over £36 million of spending on LMS, helping local authorities to install management information systems in schools, to train staff for their new responsibilities, and to provide central support.
A range of other activities will help schools get the national curriculum into place, including those on information technology in schools, English language, primary science, and mathematics, as well as the activity on the basic curriculum and assessment. Together, these activities will support some £55 million of spending. We shall also be allocating grant for a range of other priorities, including schemes to recruit former teachers and mature entrants into teaching, and to help schools cope better with their most difficult pupils.
This ESG programme represents a substantial package of assistance for schools, colleges and LEAs. It will help target resources where they are most needed, and particularly on the implementation of the Education Reform Act. In total, ESGs will support over £110 million of spending in 1990 -91 on activities related to the ERA.
For the future, I want to see the ESG programme focus even more closely on our key priorities. I shall wish in particular to concentrate future support on the implementation of our main ERA reforms, especially in the areas relating to the national curriculum and local management of schools. I shall also wish to consider what more can be done to help authorities to recruit teachers in the light of experience of the programme I am announcing today. The bids for the teacher recruitment activity showed that many authorities have some way to go in developing strategies for stimulating recruitment.
Education support grants programme 1990-91 £1 million --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(2) what action his Department has taken to improve teacher numbers in shortage subjects.
Mr. Alan Howarth : Since 1986 the Department has undertaken a range of measures to improve teacher supply. These include new initial and in- service training courses ; the establishment of the teaching as a career unit to undertake national advertising and publicity ; taster courses for those considering a career change ; support for local initiatives to attract mature new entrants and former serving teachers ; and the licensed and articled teacher schemes. The measures have also included bursaries for initial teacher training students, and retraining courses, which have concentrated on the shortage subject areas.
Action programme on teacher shortage The table shows the principal measures taken since the introduction of our action programme on teacher shortages in 1986, and their costs to date. Measures |Total Cost |£ million -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (i) |Bursary scheme for trainee teachers in maths, physics, CDT (ii) |Support for LEAs in-service training in shortage subjects in order to upgrade teachers' skills and conversion of teachers in other subjects to maths, physics and CDT (iii) |Support for new initiatives in higher education institutions and the Open University for new types of initial and in-service training provision, including distance learning packs and more flexible training arrangements (iv) |TASC (Teaching as a Career) Unit to promote teaching as a career and improve recruitment practices among local education authorities and initial teacher training institutions (v) |TASC advertising and publicity campaigns (vi) |Production of video teaching programmes by the BBC, Thames TV and Yorkshire TV for in-service use (vii) |Pump priming support for local initiatives to improve supply in shortage subjects (viii) |Taster courses for mature people and others to encourage entry or return to teaching (ix) |Regional conferences with the Scientific Technology Regional Organisation (SATRO) on how industry can help to alleviate shortages
15. Mr. Teddy Taylor : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what percentage of the average household income is devoted to national and local taxation ; and what was the comparable percentage in 1979.
Mr. Norman Lamont : A married man with two children on average male earnings will pay approximately 36 per cent. of his earnings in taxes in 1989-90, about one percentage point more than in 1978-79. Over the same period he has enjoyed an increase in real take-home pay of 32 per cent.
Mr. Major : Business investment as a proportion of gross domestic product was 14.6 per cent. in 1988. The Industry Act forecast projected total business investment to grow by 9 per cent. in 1989. As a share of GDP, in 1989 business investment is likely to be one of the highest since the war.
Mr. David Shaw : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if, pursuant to his answer of 11 January, he will list those reasons which are known to the Inland Revenue other than for the sole or main purpose of avoiding or evading United Kingdom taxation, that United Kingdom-based individuals, companies and trusts enter into transactions with persons or organisations based in tax havens ; and whether he will carry out studies with a view to estimating the current loss of revenue through business transactions involving tax havens.
Mr. Lilley : The Inland Revenue does not make judgments as to the motives of individuals, companies or trusts entering into transactions with persons or organisations based in tax havens. There is no reliable means of estimating the tax loss through avoidance and evasion in connection with tax haven transactions.
Mr. David Shaw : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he has any proposals to prevent tax avoidance and tax evasion by satellite television companies entering into business transactions with connected or associated companies, individuals and trusts based in (a) Jersey, (b) the Isle of Man, (c) Guernsey, (d) the Netherlands Antilles, (e) the Cayman Islands and (f) Liechtenstein for the sole purpose of avoiding or evading the payment of taxation in the United Kingdom.
Mr. Lilley : The 1988 financial statement and budget report estimated the cost of abolishing higher rates above 40 per cent. at £965 million in 1988-89 and £2,070 million in 1989-90. These estimates did not include behavioural effects.
Mr. Norman Lamont : Total investment grew by 42 per cent. between 1983 and 1988, an annual average increase of 7 per cent. This is far higher than the growth range recorded under the last Labour Government, which averaged per cent. per year.
22. Mr. McKelvey : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what steps he intends to take in preparation for the proposed intergovernmental conference on European economic and monetary union at the end of the year.
60. Mr. David Marshall : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what steps he intends to take in preparation for the proposed intergovernmental conference on European economic and monetary union at the end of the year.
Column 34133. Mr. Sillars : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he has any plans to revise (a) his forecast of growth made in the Autumn Statement, and (b) the assumption upon which he then worked.
48. Mrs. Margaret Ewing : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he has any plans to revise (a) his forecast of growth made in the Autumn Statement, and (b) the assumption upon which he then worked.
Mr. Ryder : The Ecofin Council met in Brussels on 18 December 1989. My right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer represented the United Kingdom. The Council discussed a range of issues of mutual interest including economic and monetary matters.
Mr. Norman Lamont : In the three months to November 1989, the visible trade deficit was £5.2 billion, the smallest deficit since the three months to June 1988. Preliminary estimates for invisibles for the third quarter of 1989, the latest period for which figures are available, show a surplus of £0.2 billion.
Mr. Ryder : Four EC countries have higher inflation rates than the United Kingdom when estimates of owner-occupier housing costs are excluded so as to bring the published figures on to a more comparable basis.
30. Mr. Fearn : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the latest figure that he has for inflation in the United Kingdom ; and what is the average inflation rate for countries that are full members of the European monetary system.
Mr. Ryder : Excluding mortgage interest payments United Kingdom inflation was 6.1 per cent. in November 1989. The latest, more comparable, inflation rate for members of the exchange rate mechanism of the EMS was 4.4 per cent. in October 1989.
Column 343Excise dealing directly with VAT policy for small businesses. It continues to seek ways of minimising the effects of VAT on small businesses.
34. Mr. Blunkett : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what work he envisages being undertaken by the joint committee and associated secretariat of central banks of the member nations of the European Community now being established.
Mr. Ryder : The last meeting of Finance Ministers of the Group of Seven countries was in Washington on 23 September before the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. A wide range of topics was discussed.
Mr. Lilley : The joint Treasury and stock exchange survey carried out in January and February 1989 estimated that approximately 9 million people own shares--20 per cent. of the adult population. This represents a threefold increase since 1979.