|Previous Section||Home Page|
Mr. Eggar : Disablement resettlement officers are instructed to consider the availability of suitable registered disabled people, and the degree of commitment shown by employers towards meeting their obligations under the Disabled Persons (Employment) Act 1944.
Mr. Tony Lloyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what steps he intends to take to ensure that firms not meeting their quota obligations without permits meet their obligations under the Disabled Persons (Employment) Act 1944.
Mr. Eggar : This Department will continue to pursue a policy of education and persuasion designed to improve the policies and practices of employers in relation to the employment of people with disabilities. This includes advising them of their obligations under the Disabled Persons (Employment) Act, and using the Department's wide range of services for the recruitment and retention of people with disabilities to help them meet those obligations.
Mr. Eggar : Jobcentres have a responsibility to check that employers notifying vacancies are complying with any relevant wages council orders. They also advise employers on locally prevailing rates of pay.
Mr. Nicholls : The information for full-time adult employees in Great Britain is published in table 1 of part A of the new earnings survey reports for each of the years, and in table 124 of part E of the same reports for full-time employees of all ages. Copies of the reports are in the Library.
38. Dr. Kim Howells : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many jobs have been created in Japanese industrial and commercial enterprises which have chosen to locate their main European research and development centres in the United Kingdom.
Mr. Eggar : Our figures on jobs created by Japanese concerns in the United Kingdom do not differentiate between manufacturing jobs and those in research and development. However, it is estimated that to date 36,000 jobs have been created by the 117 Japanese companies which have chosen to locate here.
Mr. Dunn : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish in the Official Report the number of employees working in the United Kingdom who are citizens of the empire of Japan ; and how many United Kingdom citizens are employed in companies resident in the United Kingdom owned by commercial interests resident in the empire of Japan.
The Department of Trade and Industry's Invest in Britain Bureau advises that there are 117 Japanese manufacturing companies known to be either currently operating in the United Kingdom or having announced a formal intention to operate. In total, it is estimated that these firms have created or will create some 36,000 jobs.
39. Mr. Cox : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what discussions he has had with trade unions in the United Kingdom as to their views on the EEC social charter and employment opportunities ; and if he will make a statement.
42. Mr. Simon Coombs : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement on progress on harmonisation of inspection rules for fairground equipment throughout the European Community.
Mr. Nicholls : The European Commission is currently preparing a proposal for a directive concerning trade in fairground equipment. The work is at an early stage but it seems likely that the proposal will cover the design, manufacture and initial testing of fairground equipment. It may also cover the installation and erection of
Column 212fairground equipment as well as the systems of examination and testing which should be used. European Commission staff have indicated that a proposal for such a directive will be submitted to the Council of Ministers within about 12 months.
In anticipation of this directive, CEN (the European standards making organisation) has established a technical committee to prepare harmonised European standards for fairground equipment. These technical standards would support the directive by showing how its requirements could be met.
43. Mr. Livsey : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many visits to farms have been made by inspectors of the Health and Safety Executive in the last year ; and how many inspectors exist for this task.
Mr. Nicholls : In the financial year ended 31 March 1989, 37,274 visits to farm premises (including horticulture and agricultural contractors) were made by Health and Safety Executive inspectors ; on 1 January 1990, 149 inspectors were employed in the agricultural inspectorate field force for this purpose.
Mr. Nicholls : It is for firms in the south-east, as elsewhere, to anticipate their future needs for skills and to deal with any existing shortfalls. In this they will wish to take full account of the challenges set by demographic trends, new technologies and international competition ; and draw on the underused talents of unemployed people, women, ethnic minorities, older workers and people with disabilities.
The Government for their part have introduced a number of measures to help employers including the establishment of training and enterprise councils and launch of business growth training. We are also assisting young people and the unemployed to gain new skills through youth training (YT) and employment training (ET).
representatives to discuss job creation.
49. Mr. Madel : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what measures he is taking to ensure that TVEI equipment in schools is kept modern and in good working order ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Nicholls : TVEI is a development programme helping young people gain the skills required in the work force. Education authorities are given a fixed sum to deliver the TVEI programme, only a small proportion of which is normally spent on equipment.
TVEI was not designed to be a continuing source of funds. As TVEI becomes embedded into the learning experience, education authorities are expected to fund any further developments from within their existing resources.
Mr. Nicholls : The number of people in self-employment in the United Kingdom in September 1989, the latest figure available, is 3, 141,000. The estimate for June 1979 was 1,906,000. This shows an increase of 1,235,000.
Self-employed in Greater London Unajusted for seasonal variation Date ----------------------------------------------- September 1981 September 1989 Change September 1981-September 1989 Percentage change September 1981-September 1989
Mr. Eggar : Since the job club programme started in November 1984, over 365,000 people have received assistance. Of these over 200,000 have gone directly into jobs and over 52,000 have taken up some other options such as training, self-employment or further education.
Mr. Eggar : For claimants to be regarded as seeking work actively, they must take reasonable steps to seek work in each week for which they claim. Active membership of a job club is a way of satisfying the new conditions and a good way of finding a job. Latest figures show that 69 per cent. of job club leavers go into a job, self-employment, further education or training. Membership is voluntary and the new legislation does not mean that claimants are required to join job clubs.
Mr. Eggar : Members of job clubs in the more remote areas have available the full range of facilities available at other job clubs. These include payment of fares to attend job club. Additionally, an open learning package is provided to help members who cannot attend as often as is usual. The adequacy of facilities is kept under review.
The employment service seeks to provide access to job clubs for long-term unemployed people living in rural areas wherever possible. A further extension of the service occurred on 12 February 1990 with the opening of Portree job club on the Isle of Skye.
Mr. Nicholls : Comprehensive information on the extent of provision of workplace creches by employers throughout Britain is not available. Figures in the "IMS Manpower Commentary No. 43, Retaining women employees" indicate that the percentage of organisations currently providing such facilities is small, only about 3 per cent. However, indications are that the provision of workplace creches by employers is growing.
Workplace creches can be successful but are only one possible way of helping parents with child care and are not necessarily the most appropriate in all cases. Other possibilities include help with child care costs in the local home area and rearrangement of working hours and holidays to fit in with school hours and terms.
Mr. Nicholls : As my right hon. Friend the Member for Sutton Coldfield (Sir N. Fowler) announced on 1 December 1989, Official Report col 461, the employment service will be launched as an executive agency on 2 April. The framework document and annual performance agreement will be published and made available to hon. Members then.
Mr. Nicholls : The latest available estimate from the labour force survey indicates that there were 204,000 self-employed workers in tourism- related industries in spring 1988, 4,000 more than in spring 1987.
Mr. Butterfill : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list the total international tourism revenue figures for the United Kingdom for each of the last 10 years ; and if he will make a statement.
Year |Earnings |(£ millions) --------------------------------------- 1979 |2,797 1980 |2,961 1981 |2,970 1982 |3,188 1983 |4,003 1984 |4,614 1985 |5,442 1986 |5,553 1987 |6,260 1988 |6,193 <1>1989 |6,285 <1>To November.
72. Mr. Conway : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what the United Kingdom currently earns from international tourism ; and what information he has on which countries earn more from international tourism than the United Kingdom.
Mr. Nicholls : It is estimated that overseas residents spent £6.2 billion in the United Kingdom in 1988. In 1987 the United Kingdom was ranked 5th in terms of international tourism receipts after the United States of America, Spain, Italy and France.
Mr. Nicholls : Between September 1979 and September 1989, the estimated number of employees in employment in tourism-related industries in Great Britain rose by 216,000 to 1,374,000. In addition, it is estimated from the labour force survey that there were 204,000 self-employed workers in tourism-related industries in spring 1988, 41,000 more than in spring 1981.
Mr. Nicholls : It is provisionally estimated that overseas residents spent £6,285 million in the United Kingdom during the first 11 months of 1989, the latest period for which results are available. This is 9 per cent. higher than in the equivalent period of 1988.
Mr. Eggar : My Department will continue to place high priority on the encouragement of enterprise and new and existing businesses in the inner city, and on helping inner city residents improve their skills and qualifications for work. The Department operates a wide range of national but flexible programmes and services directly relevant to these aims, as well as special measures for inner city areas such as schools-industry compacts and the pilot job interview guarantee scheme.
The fact that unemployment in the 57 urban programme areas in England has fallen by over a third since March 1988 demonstrates the effectiveness of this approach, which is pursued in partnership and close collaboration with other Departments and agencies working to improve inner city conditions and economic prospects.
Mr. Nicholls : The Green Paper "Removing Barriers to Employment", which was published in March last year, estimated that around 2.6 million people are employed in jobs which are covered by all forms of the closed shop. This estimate was derived from a specially commissioned survey carried out between 22 February and 6 March 1989, a summary of which has been placed in the Library.
76. Mr. Cryer : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what is the current number of directives under consideration which require subordinate legislation on employment matters involving health and safety ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Nicholls : Four directives recently adopted under article 118A (Health and Safety of Workers), and a further four draft such directives currently before the Council of Ministers are expected to require implementing legislation. The intention is to implement mainly by regulations under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, and in line with the regulatory philosophy of the Act. For those directives still in draft the present assessment is of course subject to final decisions on content. Implementation proposals will be published by the Health and Safety Commission for consultation in due course.
Mr. Nicholls : My right hon. and learned Friend met the chairman of the Health and Safety Commission on 31 January when a range of matters relating to the responsibilities of the Health and Safety Commission and Executive were discussed.
No direct comparison can be drawn between the numbers of staff employed in jobcentres in Britain in 1979 and 1989, since a number of functions which would have been reflected in the 1979 figures are no longer carried out in jobcentres.
The 1989 figure does not include 4,781 counselling staff who work in unemployment benefit offices and other employment service premises.
Mr. Nicholls : Currently, Cleveland county council provides about 1,300 YTS places for a wide range of young people. Two thirds of those leaving the scheme either gain employment or go on to further training.
Mr. Norris : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment whether he will list the number of professionally qualified loss prevention staff employed by his Department and the qualifications held by such staff, excluding qualifications obtained during police or military service.
Mr. Eggar : All staff employed by the Employment Department Group have a responsibility to safeguard cash and assets from misappropriation and theft. There are 34 auditors and 15 accountants who are specialised in their fields.
Mr. Nicholls : In the period December 1987 to December 1989 unemployment in Newham fell by 28.3 per cent. The two London labour market studies commissioned by my Department have included Newham. In addition to the normal range of training and employment measures available in Newham as elsewhere there are a number of special projects in Newham to help local people into employment.