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Written Answers to Questions

Tuesday 27 March 1990

DEFENCE

Admirals

Mr. Tim Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will publish a table showing the number of admirals in the Royal Navy expressed as a proportion of the number of vessels in the Royal Navy fleet in 1960, 1970, 1980 and 1990.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : The numbers of admirals receiving full active pay and of vessels in the Royal Navy on 1 April in the following years were :


Year        |<1>Admirals|Vessels    |Ratio                  

------------------------------------------------------------

1960        |84         |447        |1:5.3                  

1970        |68         |239        |1:3.5                  

1980        |59         |182        |1:3.1                  

1990        |<2>53      |173        |1:3.3                  

<1>Rear admiral and above.                                  

<2>At 1 January.                                            

In the modern Royal Navy, there is no direct relationship between the number of admirals and ships. The former is primarily governed by the needs of the shore organisation, including headquarters, and international commitments.

Mr. Colin Wallace

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many former members of the Army information service at headquarters, Northern Ireland have been interviewed by Government agencies about Mr. Colin Wallace's allegations.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : A number of officials were interviewed by the police in the course of investigations into Kincora.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will direct his officials to interview Mr. Mike Taylor and Miss Wendy Austin about the full scope of their activities in Army information services in Northern Ireland in the 1970s.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : No. If Mr. Taylor or Miss Austin have information about activities in Northern Ireland which they feel to be of significance, they should submit it to the RUC or to the Ministry of Defence.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his written answer to the hon. Member for Brent, East, Official Report, 6 May 1988, column 621, if he will place in the Library copies of all printed material designed and printed at Army headquarters, Northern Ireland, and disseminated to the public from 1972 to 1975.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : No.


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Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what security exercises were carried out by the Army information department in Northern Ireland in the 1970s.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : I have nothing to add to my letter of 30 January to the hon. Member for Brent, East.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which section of his Department was responsible for psychological warfare operations and psychological warfare training for civil servants in Northern Ireland from 1971 to the current date.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : I have nothing to add to the answers given by my hon. Friend the former Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Armed Forces to the hon. Member on 6 May 1988 at column 622.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will publish in the Official Report the text of the letters from the Minister of State, the hon. Member for Epsom and Ewell (Mr. Hamilton), to the hon. Member for Brent, East on 30 January and 2 February.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : No. A copy of my letter of 30 January is already in the Library of the House. I did not write to the hon. Member on 2 February. A copy of the letter which the Secretary of State for Defence wrote to him on that date is already in the Library of the House.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will publish in the Official Report the text of the letters from the then Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, the hon. Member for Kettering (Mr. Freeman), to the hon. Member for Brent East on 18 April 1988, 21 June 1988 and 15 August 1988 concerning Mr. Colin Wallace and related matters.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : No. Copies of the letters of 21 June and 15 August 1988 are already in the Library of the House. A copy of the letter of 18 April 1988 will also be placed in the Library of the House.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the written answer to the hon. Member for Arundel (Mr. Marshall) of 30 January, Official Report, column 112, whether Army intelligence material was used in the Clockwork Orange project.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : I have nothing to add to my reply of 30 January to my hon. Friend the Member for Arundel (Mr. Marshall) at columns 110-13.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the written answer to the hon. Member for Arundel (Mr. Marshall) of 30 January, Official Report, column 112, if he will place in the Library copies of all documents relating to the project Clockwork Orange.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : No.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the written answer to the hon. Member for Arundel (Mr. Marshall) of 30 January, Official Report, column 111, what investigations were carried out to discover whether Mr. Wallace was given a supplementary directive or job description ; what was the security classification given to Mr. Wallace's responsibilities ; and where Mr. Colin Wallace was interviewed in January 1975 about the use of forged documents for disinformation purposes.


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Mr. Archie Hamilton : I have nothing to add to earlier statements about Mr. Wallace's job description. I am unable to identify the interview to which the hon. Member has referred.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether (a) Mr. Peter Broderick or (b) Mr. Michael Taylor were ever interviewed by any official or Government agency in connection with allegations made by Mr. Colin Wallace.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : I understand that, during the inquiries into Kincora, both Mr. Broderick and Mr. Taylor were interviewed by the RUC, Mr. Broderick on 7 June 1982 and 8 November 1985, Mr. Taylor on 9 June 1982.

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether Mr. Colin Wallace carried out any psychological operations warfare whilst working in Army information services Northern Ireland.

Mr. Archie Hamilton : I have nothing to add to my previous statements made in reply to my hon. Friend the Member for Arundel (Mr. Marshall) on 30 January at columns 110-13 and during the Adjournment debates on 6 and 12 February at columns 866-68 and columns 115-22.

Sea Harrier

Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many of the Sea Harrier FRS 1 aircraft presently being operated by the Royal Navy are to be modified so as to reach FRS 2 standard.

Mr. Alan Clark : It is currently planned that 29 of the Royal Navy's present Sea Harrier FRS 1 aircraft will be modified to FRS 2 standard. There will also be two development aircraft, making a total of 31.

Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when the first new build Sea Harrier FRS 2 aircraft will be delivered to the Royal Navy.

Mr. Alan Clark : Deliveries will begin in early 1994.

European Fighter Aircraft

Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he has commissioned any studies into the effect on the European fighter aircraft project if the Federal Republic of Germany or its successor withdraws its support.

Mr. Alan Clark : No. My right hon. Friend and his German counterpart agreed on 22 January that there was a need for a modern fighter aircraft and the EFA was the best solution to meet the requirements of our air forces in the second half of the 1990s and beyond.

Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what indemnities he has signed or proposes to sign in favour of companies located in Federal Germany in relation to the European fighter aircraft ; if he will place copies in the Library ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Alan Clark : The arrangements for companies involved in the EFA programme are contained in the development MOU signed by all the four participating nations in November 1988.


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Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what studies he has commissioned into the requirements of the Royal Air Force in the event of the European fighter aircraft being cancelled.

Mr. Alan Clark : We do not expect the European fighter aircraft programme to be cancelled.

Type 23 Frigate

Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what is his policy towards the development by Yarrow Shipbuilders of a stretched version of the type 23 frigate.

Mr. Neubert : Following our withdrawal from the NFR90 project, my Department is considering alternative means of replacing the type 42 destroyers with a ship capable of deploying the support defence missile system. This consideration will include the suitability of existing warship platforms, such as the type 23.

SSN20 Submarine

Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what is his policy towards the introduction of competition into the project definition phase for the SSN20 submarine.

Mr. Neubert : No decision has been made on the project definition phase for the next class of fleet nuclear-powered submarines. In line with current defence procurement policy, we intend making the maximum possible use of competition in this programme.

SRAAM

Mr. Menzies Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when he intends to announce a decision for full-scale development of the advanced short range air-to-air missile.

Mr. Alan Clark : We are currently considering the way forward with our international partners and with industry. I do not expect to announce a decision for some time.

Married Quarters (Woolwich)

Mr. Cartwright : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many Army married quarters in the Woolwich area are currently empty ; and how many of these have been empty for (a) up to six months, (b) up to 12 months and (c) longer than 12 months.

Mr. Neubert : There are currently 91 empty Army married quarters in the Woolwich area out of a total stock of 690 ; 67 have been empty for up to six months, 19 for up to 12 months and five for longer than 12 months. Of these, the majority are either already allocated to service families, who will be moving in shortly, or are awaiting major maintenance work. In addition, there are 54 flats in the process of sale, of which 51 have been vacant for longer than 12 months and three for up to 12 months.

Mr. John Cartwright : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many Army married quarters in the Woolwich area have been offered for sale during the past 12 months ; how many have been sold ; and to what type of buyer they have been sold.


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Mr. Neubert : A total of 81 ex-Army married quarters in the Woolwich area have been offered for sale during the past 12 months. Of these 27 have been sold to the London borough of Greenwich, and we are currently negotiating the sale of the remaining 54 properties.

Sandown Class Minehunters

Sir Geoffrey Johnson Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when tenders are to be sought for the next batch of Sandown class role minehunters for the Royal Navy.

Mr. Neubert : Tenders have been invited today for up to seven vessels of this class.

Procurement Executive (Location)

Mr. Aspinwall : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the future location of his Department's Procurement Executive.

Mr. Neubert : As a result of the studies we have carried out over the past 18 months, we have now decided to proceed as follows. The Procurement Executive's land and air systems controllerates, the ordnance board, and associated work of the Director General of Defence Contracts will be moved from London to Keynsham, east Bristol in 1993. Collocation in the same travel-to-work area of the sea systems controllerate, the majority of whose staff currently work in Bath, will be tackled progressively and completed as soon as practicable thereafter. In this way, we shall achieve the collocation in the same travel-to-work area of the bulk of the Procurement Executive's project management activities.

The controllerates currently comprise some 3,800 posts in London, of which up to 1,100 are non-mobile grades. In addition, there are a further 1,100 sea systems posts currently located in Portsmouth and Weymouth, of which some 200 are non-mobile grades. We would expect to recruit locally such replacements as are necessary to fill the non-mobile posts.

A large number of options was considered for these moves. The Bristol-Bath solution proved to be the most economically attractive, both in terms of initial outlay, and of savings in running costs, which are expected to amount to over £50 million a year once the programme is complete. It is well placed in relation to the operational needs of the staff concerned for frequent direct contacts with Ministry of Defence headquarters, with the defence research establishments, and with contractors.

Collocation in the same travel-to-work area will enable us to offer our staff better career prospects without further domestic disruption, will lead to reduced costs, and improved efficiency and professionalism in the short term while providing us with the flexibility we require to adapt the Procurement Executive to future needs.

HOME DEPARTMENT

Rule 43

Mr. Sheerman : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list the number of prisoners currently on rule 43, own protection, by individual prison establishment.

Mr. Mellor : The information is given in the table :


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|c|Prisoners in Prison Service establishments in England and Wales|c|     

|c|on 31 January 1990 removed from association in their own interests|c|  

|c|under Prison|c|                                                        

Establishment and type      |Number                                       

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Remand centres                                                            

Brockhill                   |7                                            

Cardiff                     |23                                           

Dorchester                  |3                                            

Exeter                      |7                                            

Hull                        |12                                           

Low Newton                  |16                                           

Norwich                     |4                                            

Pucklechurch                |2                                            

Winchester                  |8                                            

                                                                          

Local prisons                                                             

Bedford                     |52                                           

Birmingham                  |24                                           

Bristol                     |55                                           

Brixton                     |35                                           

Canterbury                  |33                                           

Cardiff                     |23                                           

Chelmsford                  |41                                           

Dorchester                  |4                                            

Durham                      |166                                          

Exeter                      |28                                           

Gloucester                  |35                                           

Holloway                    |3                                            

Hull                        |64                                           

Leeds                       |170                                          

Leicester                   |24                                           

Lewis                       |18                                           

Lincoln                     |79                                           

Liverpool                   |197                                          

Manchester                  |127                                          

New Hall                    |10                                           

Norwich                     |20                                           

Oxford                      |18                                           

Pentonville                 |52                                           

Preston                     |3                                            

Reading                     |18                                           

Risley                      |23                                           

Shrewsbury                  |12                                           

Swansea                     |43                                           

Wandsworth                  |438                                          

Winchester                  |50                                           

Wormwood Scrubs             |34                                           

                                                                          

Training prisons                                                          

Acklington                  |1                                            

Albany                      |4                                            

Blundeston                  |1                                            

Camp Hill                   |19                                           

Channings Wood              |4                                            

Coldingley                  |1                                            

Dartmoor                    |30                                           

Featherstone                |3                                            

Frankland                   |41                                           

Full Sutton                 |110                                          

Garth                       |2                                            

Gartree                     |2                                            

Haverigg                    |1                                            

Lindholme                   |15                                           

Long Lartin                 |7                                            

Littlehey                   |2                                            

Maidstone                   |2                                            

Nottingham                  |3                                            

Northeye                    |5                                            

Parkhurst                   |11                                           

Preston                     |4                                            

Ranby                       |2                                            

Shepton Mallet              |2                                            

Stocken                     |1                                            

Styal                       |7                                            

Swaleside                   |3                                            

Wakefield                   |19                                           

Wayland                     |4                                            

Wymott                      |4                                            

                                                                          

Young offender institutions                                               

Everthorpe                  |5                                            

Hollesley Bay               |15                                           

The Mount                   |26                                           

Northallerton               |31                                           

Portland                    |3                                            

Stoke Heath                 |6                                            

Swinfen Hall                |3                                            

Whatton                     |2                                            

                            |-------                                      

All establishments          |2,366                                        

Drugs

Mr. Sheerman : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what criteria are used to measure the cost-effectiveness of programmes dealing with drug misuse and, in particular (i) drug enforcement programmes, (ii) education programmes to reduce demand, (iii) treatment programmes and (iv) court disposals for drug abusers including those convicted of both possession and supply.

Mr. Mellor : It is difficult to measure the cost-effectiveness of different programmes designed to tackle drug misuse ; the most that can often be achieved is to estimate the costs of the programme and measure certain of its intermediate outputs. Wagstaff and Maynard, in their 1985 study of economic aspects of the illicit drug market and drug enforcement policies in the United Kingdom (published as Home Office research study 95), undertook some preliminary economic analysis of the drug enforcement activities of the police and customs, and constructed a number of different cost-effectiveness indices. A Home Office research study, planned to start later this year, will seek to estimate the cost of each of the different aspects of the Government's strategy against drugs.

Private Security Firms

Mr. Vaz : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans he has to legislate to enforce stricter controls on the setting up of private security firms ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. John Patten : We have no such plans at present. We are currently considering, in the light of the report of a Home Office working group on self-regulation of the private security industry, what further action needs to be taken.

Elvet Prison (Suicides)

Mr. Cummings : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prisoners on remand and how many who have been sentenced have committed suicide in Her Majesty's prison, Elvet, Durham, during the last five years.

Mr. Mellor : The table shows the number of inmates who have died at Her Majesty's prison, Durham since 1985. All these deaths were confirmed as suicide at a coroner's inquest. There have been two deaths at the prison so far in 1990, both of convicted inmates, but an inquest has been held in neither case. One of these deaths is thought to have been suicide.


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|c|Suicides at HM Prison Durham 1985-89|c|                  

            |Convicted  |Unconvicted|Total                  

------------------------------------------------------------

1985        |-          |2          |2                      

1986        |-          |-          |-                      

1987        |-          |3          |3                      

1988        |-          |1          |1                      

1989        |1          |1          |2                      

Replica Firearms

Mr. Shersby : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will seek to introduce legislation to prohibit the sale and ownership of replica firearms.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Under the Firearms Act 1982, the sale and possession of replica firearms which can be readily converted to fire live ammunition are subject to the same level of stringent control as that imposed on real firearms by the Firearms Acts 1968 and 1988. We have no plans to control the sale and possession of imitation firearms which cannot be so converted.

Mr. Colin Wallace

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will publish in the Official Report the text of the letter from the Minister of State, the right hon. Member for Oxford, West and Abingdon (Mr. Patten) to the hon. Member for Brent, East on 2 February about Mr. Colin Wallace.

Mr. John Patten : The text of my reply of 12 February 1990 to the hon. Member for Brent, East is as follows :

"I am writing in response to points you raised about the case of Mr. Colin Wallace, and the allegation that Mr. Wallace was wrongfully convicted.

You will be aware that the Home Secretary carefully considered the material advanced to support that allegation and announced his decision in a written Answer to Mr. Michael Marshall MP on 30 January. In amplification of that Answer the Home Secretary placed a memorandum in the Library. I enclose for ease of reference a copy of the reply and memorandum.

I would draw attention particularly to paragraph 2 of the memorandum. The points which you and Mr. Wallace raised are matters which were either considered at the trial or which could have been raised at the trial had Mr. Wallace and his advisers so wished. You asked in your Question in the House on 15 January whether the Home Secretary would institute an inquiry into the conduct of the Sussex police force when investigating the murder charge against Mr. Colin Wallace. We can see no grounds for such an investigation."

Mr. Livingstone : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department who interviewed Mr. Peter Broderick and Mr. Michael Taylor in 1980 about Mr. Wallace's manslaughter case.

Mr. John Patten : I understand from the chief constable of Sussex that Mr. Peter Broderick and Mr. Michael Taylor were seen by detectives of that police force involved in the inquiry in 1980 into the death of Jonathan Lewis, in respect of whom Mr. Wallace was convicted of manslaughter.

Animal Experiments

Mr. Malcolm Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many personal licences were in force for (a) 1987, (b) 1988, and (c) 1989 under the terms


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of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 ; under what circumstances personal licences are revoked ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The latest available information, for 1987 and 1988, was published in the annual report of the Animal Procedures Committee for 1988 (HC 458 ; p3). The figures for 1989 will be published in the committee's report for 1989. The most usual reason for revoking a licence is that the holder no longer requires it. The conditions attaching to personal licences and the circumstances in which they may be revoked are set out in "Guidance on the Operation of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986" (HC 182), published this year.

Mr. Malcolm Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) what criteria he employs to determine whether animal experiments merit the granting of a project licence under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 ;

(2) what steps he takes to establish whether alternative methods of testing exist before granting a project licence under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : My right hon. and learned Friend has no plans to refuse entirely applications for licences in any category of work. "Guidance on the Operation of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986" (HC 182 of 1990), published on 15 February, sets out the criteria he follows, in accordance with section 5 of the Act, in determining whether and on what terms to grant a project licence, including the consideration which has been given by the applicant to alternatives. The reports of the Animals Procedures Committee for 1988 (HC 498 of 1989) and 1987 (HC 36 of 1988) set out the advice of the committee, which my right hon. and learned Friend has gratefully accepted, on the consideration of applications for project licences for the testing of cosmetics. We look forward to receiving further advice from the committee on this subject.

Mr. Malcolm Bruce : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what reasons he ascribes to the increase in the number of experiments performed on animals in respect of safety tests for (a) environmental pollution, (b) substances used in agriculture, (c) substances used in industry, (d) substances used in the household, (e) food additives, (f) cosmetics and toiletries and (g) alcohol research between 1987 and 1988 ; what steps he plans to take to reduce the number of such animal experiments ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : "Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living Animals Great Britain 1988" (Cm 743) sets out the available information on the increases or decreases in the numbers of safety tests under different headings. "Guidance on the Operation of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986" (HC 182 of 1990) sets out the criteria which my right hon. and learned Friend follows in determining whether and under what conditions to grant a project licence.

Shops Act 1950

Mr. Janman : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department for each of the last five years, how many fines have been imposed upon stores which have traded in breach of the Shops Act 1950 ; and what is the total for each year of the fines imposed.


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Mr. Mellor [holding answer 19 March] : Information for 1984 to 1988 is given in the table. Data for 1989 will not be available until autumn 1990.


|c|Defendents fined for offences against the Shops Act 1950|c|                              

|c|England and Wales|c|                                                                     

Year                   |Total fined           |Total amount fined (£)                       

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1984                   |785                   |114,410                                      

1985                   |632                   |150,346                                      

1986                   |598                   |185,851                                      

1987                   |568                   |147,095                                      

1988                   |441                   |99,730                                       

NATIONAL FINANCE

Income Tax

Mr. David Nicholson : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what would be the extra revenues from a further (i) 5p, (ii) 7 and (iii) 10p on the standard and higher rate of income tax, at current yields ; and what would be the annual extra amounts a married man with two children aged under 11 years would pay on annual earnings of (1) £8, 000, (2) £10,000, (3) £12,000 and (4) £14,000 if the tax rate were raised by (a) 5p, (b) 7 or (c) 10p.

Mr. Lilley : Information is in the tables. The figures reflect independent taxation and the levels of allowances and thresholds announced in the 1990 Budget. Estimates in table 1 are based on a projection of the 1987-88 survey of personal incomes and are provisional. They do not take account of the consequential effects on capital gains tax.


|c|Table 1:|c|                                                                                           

|c|Revenue yield in a full year of increases in the basic and higher rates|c|                            

|c|of income tax, at 1990-91 levels of income|c|                                                         

Increase in basic and higher rates |Yield                                                                

                                   |(£ billion)                                                          

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) 5 pence on both                |10.2                                                                 

(b) 7ence on both                  |15.4                                                                 

(c) 10 pence on both               |20.5                                                                 


|c|Table 2:|c|                               

|c|Increase in tax liability for 1990-91 of  

married man<1>-£1 per year|c|                

Earnings  Increase in both basic and higher r

         |5 pence |7ence   |10 pence         

---------------------------------------------

8,000    |163.75  |245.63  |327.50           

10,000   |263.75  |395.63  |527.50           

12,000   |363.75  |545.63  |727.50           

14,000   |463.75  |695.63  |927.50           

<1> Calculations assume that the married man 

has no other forms of income and that he     

does not receive any tax allowances or       

reliefs other than the personal allowance    

plus the married couple's allowance. Child   

benefit is not affected by the proposed tax  

changes.                                     

<2> At the levels of earnings given, higher  

rate tax would not apply.                    

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will publish in the Official Report a list of all those state benefits and payments which are taxable, giving the number of tax units paying tax and the amount of revenue gained for each benefit or payment for the latest available year together with the date at which the benefit or payment first became taxable.

Mr. Lilley [holding answer 5 March 1990] : I regret the delay in replying. The table lists the benefits liable to tax


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with the date from which they became taxable together with provisional estimates, where available, of the number of single people and married couples liable to income tax in receipt of each benefit for the whole or part of 1989-90. Table 9.6 of the 1989 edition of "United Kingdom National Accounts" (the CSO Blue Book) provides an estimate of income tax attributable in total to these benefits, applying the recipients' average rate of income tax on the whole of their income to the amount of benefit received.


Taxable Benefit          |Date from          |Taxpayers receiving                    

                         |which taxable      |benefit in 1989                        

                                             |-90 (thousands)                        

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Industrial death benefit |pre 1950           |n.a.<6>                                

Retirement pension       |pre 1950           |2,750                                  

Widow's benefit          |pre 1950           |250                                    

Old person's pension     |<2>1970            |n.a.<6>                                

Invalid care allowance   |<3>1976            |n.a.<6>                                

Job Release allowance    |<4>1977            |n.a.<6>                                

Income support<1>        |<3>1982            |750                                    

Unemployment benefit     |<3>1982            |1,250                                  

Statutory sick pay       |<5>1983            |2,500                                  

Statutory maternity pay  |<5>1987            |n.a.<6>                                

<1>Formerly supplementary benefit.                                                   

<2>2 November.                                                                       

<3>5 July.                                                                           

<4>3 January.                                                                        

<5>6 April.                                                                          

<6>Not available.                                                                    

Corporation Tax

Mr. Butterfill : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will list the corporation tax figures for each Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development country and other major economic countries ; and if he will express the figures as a percentage of gross domestic product.

Mr. Lilley : Corporation tax statistics for OECD countries, including taxes on corporate income expressed as a percentage of gross domestic product, are given in "Revenue Statistics of OECD Member Countries 1964-1988", which is available in the Library. Statistics for other countries could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

Mortgages

Mr. Austin Mitchell : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, further to his written reply dated 20 February concerning the amount of mortgage interest payable each year since 1979 whether his figures were end -year or average, and after payment of mortgage interest relief ; whether he will publish in the Official Report his estimate of the average mortgages outstanding in each year and the amount of interest paid before relief ; and if he will add an estimate for 1989.

Mr. Lilley : The figures for mortgage interest as a percentage of person disposable income and of consumers' expenditure given in reply to the hon. Member on 20 February at columns 688-89 were averages for the years and were calculated on the basis of payments gross of mortgage interest relief. As regards the amounts of interest


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payable before relief in these years, I would refer the hon. Member to the mortgage interest figures which were included in the reply that my right hon. Friend the Chief Secretary gave on 19 February to another question by the hon. Member at columns 524-25, which were on this basis. Estimates of average mortgages outstanding in the years 1979-1988 are as follows :


          |£ billion          

------------------------------

1979      |42.1               

1980      |48.9               

1981      |57.5               

1982      |69.1               

1983      |84.2               

1984      |100.1              

1985      |117.7              

1986      |140.2              

1987      |168.4              

1988      |204.4              

It is not yet possible to provide estimates of mortgage interest payable and average mortgages outstanding during 1989.

Nationalised Industries

Mr. Adley : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will list the external financing limits for each of the nationalised industries for the last three, the current, and the next three years ; and what percentage this represents, for each industry, of the public sector borrowing requirement.

Mr. Lilley [holding answer 19 March 1990] : The external finance limits for nationalised industries for 1986-87 to 1992-93 are set out in table 21.5.1 of the Government's Expenditure Plans 1990-91 to 1992- 93 (Cm. 1021). The public sector borrowing requirement is set out in the Financial Statement and Budget Report (HC 286). I regret that it is not meaningful to express public expenditure provision for a particular nationalised industry as a percentage of the public sector borrowing requirement.


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