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Written Answers to Questions

Tuesday 5 June 1990

NORTHERN IRELAND

Old Cross, Newtownards

Mr. John D. Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland whether the restoration scheme of the Old Cross, Newtownards is completed ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : The work was completed on 30 May 1990.

Anglo-Irish Agreement (Secretariat)

Mr. John D. Taylor : To ask the Secretary of Statefor Northern Ireland what nationality the present head ofthe British delegation at the Anglo-Irish Agreement secretariat at Maryfield has.

Mr. Brooke : The present head of the British side of the Anglo-Irish secretariat is a British citizen, as are all other members of the British side.

Aliens

Rev. Martin Smyth : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many aliens are currently registered with the Royal Ulster Constabulary under the Immigration (Registration with Police) Regulations 1972, as amended.

Mr. Cope : A total of 552 as at 24 May 1990.

Wetlands

Mr. Morley : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland whether, with regard to the Ramsar convention on the conservation of wetlands of international importance, Her Majesty's Government are required to designate sites under the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands Order 1985 prior to designation under the Ramsar convention.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : It is not a requirement of the Ramsar convention that wetland sites of international importance should be designated under the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands (Northern Ireland) Order 1985 prior to designation under the Ramsar convention. It is United Kingdom Government policy to declare Ramsar sites after the areas have been given full protection under domestic legislation.

Development (Castlereagh East)

Mr. John D. Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many development projects are under construction without final planning permission in the electoral area of Castlereagh East ; on what date each case came to his attention ; on what date he made representations to each offending developer ; and what action he has proposed in each case.


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Mr. Needham : None.

Grant-aided Schools

Mr. Beggs : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many schools in Northern Ireland are grant-aided.

Dr. Mawhinney : A total of 1,344.

Mr. Beggs : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many schools in Northern Ireland do not receive grant aid ; and on what grounds these schools fail to qualify for grant aid.

Dr. Mawhinney : There are presently 19 independent schools registered with the Department of Education. These schools have been established outside the grant-aided system and so, by definition, do not receive assistance from public funds. The question of failing to qualify for grant aid does not therefore arise.

North Eastern Education and Library Board

Mr. Beggs : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland if he will publish relevant references to the North Eastern education and library board from the Roy report into the financial end of maintenance.

Dr. Mawhinney : I assume that the hon. Gentleman is referring to the report of the examination in late 1985 into practices and procedures in the engineering section of the North Eastern education and library board's architect's department. This report was commissioned by the board and presented to the board in 1985. The question of publication is therefore a matter for the board.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL

Anton Piller Orders

Mr. Harry Barnes : To ask the Attorney-General whether he has any plans to review and propose amendments to the operation of Anton Piller orders ; and if he will make a statement.

The Attorney-General : Clause 3 of the Courts and Legal Services Bill will allow a county court to make any order available in the High Court, subject to prescribed exceptions ; but the Lord Chancellor intends to bring forward regulations under this clause in general restricting the power to grant Anton Piller orders to High Court judges.

Departmental Savings

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Attorney-General what were the value-for- money savings in the Law Officers' Department's operations identified by internal audit and internal efficiency arrangements and by external audit and by management consultants retained by his Department between 1983-84 and 1988-89 ; and what is the amount of those savings fulfilled to date.

The Attorney-General : In the Treasury Solicitor's Department and the legal secretariat to the Law Officers the improvements resulting from inquiries and studies of the kind the hon. Gentleman mentions are taken into account in the setting of annual budgets and internal targets.


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The Crown prosecution service was not created until 1986-87 and up to 1988-89 audit and consultants were mainly concerned with the setting up of effective systems for the service. Value- for-money savings identified and achieved on total running cost expenditure of £90 million in 1988-89 were small, but included purchasing savings estimated at £210,000.

The Serious Fraud Office became fully operational only in April 1988, and no such savings had been specifically identified during the period ending 31 March 1989.

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Attorney-General what mechanisms exist in the Law Officers' Departments for identifying and tracking value-for-money savings in their operations.

The Attorney-General : In the Treasury Solicitor's Department and the legal secretariat to the Law Officers the mechanisms for identifying and tracking value-for-money savings include internal audit and staff inspection. In the Crown prosecution service they include internal audit, staff inspection, a system of performance indicators, returns from operational areas to HQ for public expenditure survey and estimates purposes, investment appraisal of information technology and capital projects, purchasing information systems, and monitoring by a new field directorate.

The Serious Fraud Office became fully operational only in April 1988, and work is still in progress to develop performance indicators and other work measurement procedures to assist in identifying and achieving value-for- money savings.

THE ARTS

Public Libraries

Mr. John Evans : To ask the Minister for the Arts if he has any plans to increase funding of public libraries.

Mr. Luce : The Government do not plan local authority spending on public libraries or on other services. Revenue support grant is paid in support of local authorities revenue expenditure generally. Within the "Other Services" block, local authorities estimate a total spend on public libraries of £488 million in 1990-91, an estimated increase of 4 per cent. over 1989-90.

Cryptogramic Botany

Mr. Kirkwood : To ask the Minister of the Arts (1) if he will publish in the Official Report the remit of the diatom section of the department of cryptogramic botany in the British Museum (Natural History) ;

(2) what assessment he has made of the consequences for current work on atmospheric pollution of the closure of the diatom section of the department of cryptogramic botany of the British Museum (Natural History) ;

(3) if he will list the recent research achievements of the publications produced by the diatom section of the department of cryptogramic botany in the British Museum (Natural History).

Mr. Luce : I understand that there has never been a separate department of cryptogramic botany at the Natural History Museum, but always a single department of botany. I am also informed that future work on diatoms is planned as follows :


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(a) Curation . Maintaining the collections and making them available to research workers worldwide. The museum recognises that it holds the finest collection of diatoms in the world, and it is vital that it is available for use by workers undertaking both environmental studies and basic research.

(b) Advisory Services . Assistance will continue to be given to researchers requiring advice on identification and associated literature.

(c) Research . Within the overall umbrella of the science departments, research on all protista (including diatoms) will be continued, but with a remit to examine inter-relationships between the different members of the group, to undertake marine stratigraphical analysis and to provide taxonomic information for the assessment of water quality in relation to ground-water studies and sewage treatment.

In addition, I understand that work on atmospheric pollution has been undertaken primarily in universities and has concentrated on examining the acidification of freshwater bodies. The Natural History Museum has acted either in an advisory capacity or has made the collections available for examination. The museum will continue to support such activities.

I understand that recent achievements in diatom research have been predominately taxonomic, including descriptions of new species and revisions at the family and generic level. This has included the development of new approaches to evolutionary studies of diatoms based on the interpretation of molecular data, which has indicated new ways of examining fundamental questions regarding the protista. This work is being expanded into a more general review of phylogeny of the group.

I detail in the table the 53 publications produced by the Natural History Museum diatom section since 1985.

Publications of the diatom section of the Natural History Museum 1985-1990.

Paddock, T. B. B. (1985). Observations and comments on the diatoms Surirella fastuosa and Campylodiscus fastuosus and on other species of similar appearance. Nova Hedwigia 41 : 417-444. Paddock, T. B. B. (1986). Observations on the genus Stauropsis Meunier and related species. Diatom Research 1 : 89-98. Paddock, T. B. B. (1988), Plagiotropis Pfitzer and Tropidoneis Cleve, a summary account. Bibliotheca Diatomologica, 16, 152pp, 38 pls.

Kemp, K. D. and Paddock, T. B. B. (1988). Observations on the diatom genus Stigmaphora G. C. Wallich and two species of Mastogloia Thwaites ex W. Smith. In : F. E. Round (Editor), Proceedings of the 9th International Diatom Symposium, Koenigstein & Biopress Ltd, Bristol.

Paddock, T. B. B. (1988). A description of some new species of the diatom genus Mastogloia Thwaites ex Wm. Smith with further observations on M. elegans Lewis and M. goessii (Cleve) Cleve. Diatom Research, 3 : 109-121.

Paddock, T. B. B. and Sims, P. A. (1988). Micromorphology and evolution of the keels of raphe-bearing diatoms. Systematics Assiociation Special Volume

Kemp, K. D. and Paddock, T. B. B. (1989). Chambers within the valve of Diadema, gen. nov. Diatom Research, 4 : 39-45.

Goldman, N., Paddock, T. B. B. and Shaw, K. M. (1990). Quantitative analysis of shape variation in populations of Surirella fastuosa. Diatom Research, 5.

Hasle, G. R. and Sims, P. A. (1985). The morphology of the diatom resting spores Syringidium bicorne and Syringidium simplex. British Phycological Journal, 20 : 219-225.

Ross, R. and Sims, P. A. (1985). Some genera of the Biddulphiacea (diatoms) with interlocking linking spines. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Botany) 13 : 277-381.

Fryxell, G. A., Sims, P. A. and Watkins, T. P. (1986). Azpeitia (Bacillariophyceae) : related genera and promorphology. Systematic Botany Monographs 13, 74pp.


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Hasle, G. R. and Sims, P. A. (1986). The diatom genus Stellarima and Symbolophora with comments on the genus Actinoptychus. British Phycological Journal 21 : 97-114.

Schoemam, F. R. and Archibald, R. E. M. and Sims, P. A. (1986). Observations on Amphora species (Bacillariophyceae) in the British Museum (Natural History). IV. Some species from the subgenus Diplamphora Cleve. Cryptoganie, Algologie 7 : 9-21.

Hasle, G. R. and Sims, P. A. (1986). The diatom genus Coscinodiscus Ehrenb. C. argus Ehrenb. and C. radiatus Ehrenb. Botanica Marina 29 : 305-318.

Sims, P. A. (1986). Sphynctolethus Hanna, Ailuretta gen nov., and evolutionary trends within the Hemiauloideae, Diatom Research 1 : 241-269.

Ross, R. and Sims, P. A. (1987) Further genera of the Biddulphiaceae (diatoms) with interlocking linking spines. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Botany) 16 : 269-311. Hendey, N. I. and Sims, P. A. (1987). Examination of some fossil Eupodiscoid diatoms with descriptions of two new species of Craspedoporus Greville. Diatom Research 2 : 23-34.

Sims, P. A. and Hasle, G. R. (1987). Two Cretaceous Stellarima species : S. steinyi and S. distincta ; their morphology, palaeogeography and phylogeny. Diatom Research 2 : 229-240. Hasle, G. R., Sims, P. A. and Syvertsen, E. E. (1988). Two recent Stellarima species : S. microtrias and S. stellaris (Bacillariophyceae). Botanica marina, 31 : 195-206.

Sims, P. A. and Ross, R. (1988). Some Cretaceous and Paleogene Trinacria (diatom) species. Bull, Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Bot.), 18 : 275-322.

Sims, P. A. (1988). The fossil genus Trochosira, its morphology, taxonomy and systematics. Diatom Research, 3 : 245-257.

see also Paddock, T. B. B. and Sims, P. A. (1988).

Sims, P. A. (1989). Some cretaceous and paleocene species of Coscinodiscus : A micromorphological and systematic analysis. Diatom Research, 4 : 351- 371.

Sims, P. A., Fryxell, G. A. and Baldauf, J. G. (1989). Critical examination of the diatom genus Azpeitia : Species useful as stratigraphic markers for the Oligocene and Miocene epochs. Micropaleontology, 35 : 293-307.

Sims, P. A. and Hasle, G. R. (1990). The formal establishment of the family Stellarimaceae Nikolaev ex Sims and Hasle. Diatom Research, 5.

Sims, P. A. and Ross, R. (1990). Triceratium pulvinar and T. unguiculatum, two confused species. Diatom Research, 5. Hendey, N. I. and Sims, P. A. (In press). Some observations on variation in the valve structure of Asterolampra schmidtii Hajos, a useful stratigraphic marker for the early Oligocene. Nova Hedwigia, Beih.

Crawford, R. M. and Sims, P. A. (1990). The morphology and taxonomy of the centric diatom genus Paralia. Paralia siberica comb. nov. Diatom Research, 5.

Sims, P. A. (1990). The fossil diatom genus Fenestrella, its morphology, systematics and palaeogeography. Nova Hedwigia, Beih. Williams, D. M. (1985). Morphology, taxonomy and

inter-relationships of the ribbed Araphid diatoms from the genera Diatoma and Meridion (Diatomaceae : Bacillariophyta). Bibliotheca Diatomologica 8 : 1-228.

Williams, D. M. (1985). Bacillariophyta. In :-- Observations on the phytobenthos of the freshwater Thames. II. The floristic composition and distribution of the smaller algae using artificial surfaces. Arch. Hydrobiol. 103 : 95-96.

Hartley, B. (1986). [In collaboration with Ross, R. and Williams, D. M.] A check-list of the freshwater brackish and marine diatoms of the British Isles and adjoining coastal waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association, U.K. 66 : 531-610.

Williams, D. M. (1986). Comparative morphology of some species of Synedra with a new definition of the genus. Diatom Research 1 : 131-152.

Williams, D. M. (1986). Proposal to conserve the generic name Tetracyclus against Biblarium (Bacillariophyta). Taxon 35 : 730-731.

Williams, D. M. and Round, F. E. (1986). Revision of the genus Synedra Ehrenb, Diatom Research 1 : 313-339.


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Kociolek, J. P. and Williams, D. M. (1987). Unicell ontogeny and phylogeny : examples from the diatoms. Cladistics 3 : 274-284. Williams, D. M. and Round, F. E. (1987). Revision of the genus Fragilaria. Diatom Research 2 : 267-288.

Williams, D. M. (1987). Observations on the genus Tetracyclus Ralfs (Bacillariophyta) I. Valve and girdle structure of the extant species. Brit. J. phycol. 22 : 383-399.

Williams, D. M. and Round, F. E. (1988). Phylogenetic Systematics of Synedra. In : F. E. Round (Editor), Proceedings of the 9th International Diatom Synposium, Koenigstein and Biopress Ltd., Bristol.

Williams, D. M. (1988). Tabulariopsis, a new genus of marine araphid diatom, with notes on the taxonomy of Tabularia Williams et Round. Nova Hedwigia, 47 : 247-254.

Williams D. M. (1988). An illustrated catalogue of the type specimens in the Greville diatom herbarium. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Bot.), 18 : 1- 148.

Williams, D. M., B. Hartley, S. Juggins, R. Ross, M. Munro and R. W. Battarbeee. (1988). A coded check-list of British diatoms, Ensis Publishers.

Williams, D. M. and F. E. Round. (1988). Fragilariforma, nom. nov., a new generic name for Neofragilaria Williams and Round. Diatom Research 3 : 265- 266.

Williams, D. M. (1989). Cavitatus D. M. Williams, nov. gen. : A new genus of fossil diatom (Bacillariophyta) based on Synedra jouseana Sheshukova- Poretskaya. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 58 : 357-362.

Williams D. M. (1989). Publication of new and revised taxa : A guide to the International Code of Botanical nomenclatural. J. Palaeolimnol., 2 : 55-59.

Williams, D. M. (1989). Observations on the genus Tetracyclus Ralfs (Bacillariophyta) II. Morphology and taxonomy of some species from the genus Stylobiblium. Brit. phycol J., 24 : 317-327 Kociolek, J. P., Theriot, E. C. and Williams, D. M. (1989). Inferring diatom phylogeny : A cladistic perspective. Diatom Research, 4 : 289-300.

Williams, D. M., R. W. Scotland, and S. Blackmore. (1990). Is there a direct ontogenetic criterion in systematics? Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 39 : 99- 108.

Williams, D. M. and Li Jiaying. (1990). Observations on the genus Tetracyclus Ralfs (Bacillariophyta) III. Description of two new species from Chinese fossil deposits. Brit. phycol J..

Williams, D. M. (1990). Examination of auxospore valves in Tetracyclus from fossil specimens and the establishment of their identity. Diatom Research, 5.

Williams, D. M. (1990). Distrionella D. M. Williams, nov. gen. a new araphid diatom genus related to Diatoma Bory. Arch. Protist., 138.

Williams, D. M. (1990). Cladistic analysis of some freshwater araphid diatoms with particular reference to Diatoma and Meridion. Plant Syst. Evol.

Williams. D. M. (1990). Phylogenetic relationships among the Chromista : A review and preliminary analysis. Cladistics. Williams. D. M. Submitted. Phylogenies in the algal kingdom Chronista : Evidence from molecular data. Mol. Evol. Biol.

British Library

Sir Hal Miller : To ask the Minister for the Arts what is to be the future of the new British Library at St. Pancras.

Mr. Luce : I announced yesterday that the exercise to design a concluding phase to the new British Library building at St. Pancras within £90 million at 1988 prices has been successfully achieved. Construction of some elements of the completion phase will commence almost immediately and the whole will be ready for occupation in 1996.

Included in the design is a magnificent new setting for George III's "King's Library" in a six storey glass-fronted bookcase set in the focal point of the building, where it will be visible from all sides. A model and artist's impressions of the completed building will be on display in the summer


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exhibition of the Royal Academy. For the next few months, there will also be an exhibition in the portico of the building at the St. Pancras site.

The authorised cost of the completion phase will in cash terms be about £150 million, which includes allowances for inflation. Together with the £300 million already authorised for the first phase of the building currently under construction, this will bring the total cost of the British Library project to about £450 million. This clearly demonstrates the Government's continued dedication to excellence in the arts. The funding of the new British Library at St. Pancras does not have any effect on Government funding of the remainder of the arts.

The British Library will start to move books into the basement bookstacks at St. Pancras by the middle of 1991, the first reading room will open in early 1993 and the first phase of the building will be operational by the middle of 1993. The completed building will be fully operational by mid- 1996 and the board of the British Library has confirmed that it will meet the library's key requirements.

Natural History Museum

Mr. Dalyell : To ask the Minister for the Arts what are the admission figures for the Natural History Museum for any convenient period since 1 January.

Mr. Luce [holding answer 23 May 1990] : I am advised that the monthly admission figures for the Natural History Museum since 1 January 1990 are as follows :-


         |Number         

-------------------------

January  |86,200         

February |153,000        

March    |103,000        

April    |128,000        

Gelman Collection

Mr. Frank Field : To ask the Minister for the Arts what assessment he has made of the possibility of the Gelman collection currently on show at the Royal Academy staying in Britain.

Mr. Luce [holding answer 24 May 1990] : I understand from the Royal Academy, which has been responsible for the arrangement for the current exhibition, that the Gelman collection has proved to be very popular and will be shown until 15 July. I was pleased to cover the insurance requirements under my Government indemnity scheme. Any further arrangements will, of course, be a matter for the owner of the collection, Mrs. Gelman.

CIVIL SERVICE

Agencies

Mr. Knapman : To ask the Minister for the Civil Service whether there have been any additions to the list of candidates for agency status in the last five months.

Mr. Luce : During the last five months two new activities, social security contributions and the Chessington computer centre, have been added to the list of candidates for agency status. In the same period 21 candidates from the list have been set up as agencies. There are now 31 established agencies and 24 announced candidates. The project manager will continue to work with Departments to identify other suitable candidates.


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Mr. Patrick Thompson : To ask the Minister for the Civil Service if there have been any new agencies set up since he last reported to the House ; and if he will make a statement.


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