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Written Answers to Questions

Monday 11 March 1991

HOME DEPARTMENT

Animal Experiments

Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many animals, by species, were killed during the last year for which details are available specifically for the provision of cell or tissue material for research or experimental purposes.

Mrs. Rumbold : The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 controls scientific procedures only on living animals and no statistics are collected of animals killed by the exempted methods set out in schedule 1 to the 1986 Act for in vitro work.

Mr. Dunnachie : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what action his Department proposes in respect of those recommendations of the Medical Research Council inquiry team investigating the conduct of experiments on animals by Professor Wilhelm Feldberg at the National Institute for Medical Research laboratories, Mill Hill, London, which relate to the functions and decisions of the Home Department ; and if he will make a statement.

Mrs. Rumbold : The Home Office accepts the Medical Research Council inquiry report's finding that, as a result of a failure by Professor Feldberg and Mr. Stean to maintain anaesthesia of sufficient depth, up to four rabbits were caused avoidable suffering.

Primary responsibility for ensuring that procedures regulated by the Animal (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 are carried out properly at an establishment lies with the holder of the certificate of designation. In the light of the report, officials have discussed with the certificate holder for the National Institute for Medical Research proposals for improving the management, control and monitoring of animals procedures at the institute, which he is now considering. We have also asked the MRC for the evidence of the alleged deliberate breaches of the Act referred to in the report. As for the two recommendations contained in the report relating to the Home Office, initial proposals have been put to the Animal Procedures Committee about the position of aging licensees and we shall consider what action may be necessary when the committee has completed its consideration of the issues arising from this case. We do not accept the recommendation in the report for an increase in the number of animal (scientific procedures) inspectors. Although the report suggests that inspectors should be more closely involved in monitoring the treatment of animals during experiments, this is principally the responsibility of personal licensees, who have a duty under the law for the care of their animals. It would be impractical to expect inspectors to be present whenever animal procedures are carried out.


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Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) what is the estimate of the number of wild-caught primates, by species, currently held in British scientific institutions for the purposes of experimentation ;

(2) how many wild-caught primates were used in the United Kingdom in each of the last three years for experimental purposes.

Mrs. Rumbold : Statistics about the origin of primates held or used are not kept centrally. In general, smaller primates, like marmosets, are bred in captivity. Primates larger than rhesus or cynomolgous monkeys are difficult to breed successfully in captivity, even abroad.

Wildlife Protection

Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what specific provision is made in each of the police authorities in Wales for the enforcement of wildlife protection legislation.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : I understand from the chief constables in each of the police forces in Wales that each force has well-established liaison arrangements with those other agencies which have an interest in wildlife protection. The allocation of resources to the enforcement of wildlife protection legislation is a matter for chief officers.

Escapees

Mr. Alan Williams : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department from which prison Lydia A. Gyamifi escaped on 8 February 1988 ; and whether she has since been recaptured.

Mrs. Rumbold : Lydia A. Gyamifi absconded from Her Majesty's prison Askham Grange and is still unlawfully at large.

Mr. Alan Williams : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to his answers to the right hon. Member for Swansea, West of 28 February and 1 March, Official Report, columns 568 and 648 , on recapture of escapees, which of the escapees were on drug-related offences, which of the escapees were in debt to the courts ; and which escapees' passports are in the possession of his Department.

Mrs. Rumbold : The 10 women concerned had all been convicted of drug offences. None is known to have been in debt to the courts at the time of absconding from prison. The passports of five of the 10 women are in the possession of the Home Office.

Metropolitan Police

Mr. Leighton : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list the Metropolitan police precept for 1990-91 per community charge payer, and also the police precept per community charge payer for each of the English counties.

Mr. Kenneth Baker : The Metropolitan police precept for 1990-91 was 112.79 per head of relevant population. County police forces in England and Wales do not produce identifiable precepts ; their budgets form part of the expenditure of the relevant county councils, which precept on the community charge collection fund for the totality of their needs.


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Welsh Police Forces

Mr. Geraint Howells : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make a statement on the present state of the police forces in Wales.


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Mr. Peter Lloyd : The information is set out in the table :


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                  |Police           |Establishment<2> |Civilian         |Number of                          

                  |strength<1>                        |strength<1>      |officers returned                  

                                                                        |to operational                     

                                                                        |duties 1985-89                     

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dyfed-Powys       |936              |943              |243              |21                                 

Gwent             |1,001            |1,009            |290              |23                                 

North Wales       |1,339            |1,351            |439              |28                                 

South Wales       |3,123            |3,168            |1,111            |134                                

                   -------                                                                                  

Total             |6,399            |6,471            |2,083            |206                                

<1>As at 31 December 1990.                                                                                  

<2>As at 1 April 1990.                                                                                      

Members of the European Parliament

Dr. Godman : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many letters he has received since 4 January 1990 from Members of the European Parliament concerning local or national matters ; and if he will make it his practice where the former are concerned to provide the hon. Member for the local constituency with copies of any such correspondence for his or her information.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Between 5 January 1990 and 7 March 1991 we received 187 such letters from Members of the European Parliament. As I explained in my reply on 4 April 1990, at column 638, to a question from the hon. Member for Bolton, South-East (Mr. Young), where Members of the European Parliament raise matters that are exclusively of local interest, the practice is to reply suggesting that the MEP should refer the matter to the hon. Member for the constituency concerned. As to other correspondence, replies would normally be copied to the hon. Member concerned only if the MEP had himself copied his letter in this way.

Tobacco Sponsorship

Mr. Amos : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what discussions he has had with the Independent Television Commission about the desirability of maintaining the practice of not televising tobacco-sponsored sporting events ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The Broadcasting Act 1990 requires the ITC to draw up and consult about a code on the sponsorship of programmes. My right hon. Friend was consulted about the present code, which lays down standards for any broadcast coverage of tobacco-sponsored events. Whether to cover such events remains a decision for the television companies.

Mr. Amos : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what discussions he has had with the British Broadcasting Corporation about the exposure of tobacco brand names and logos in television coverage of sponsored sporting events ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : None. The BBC is, however, aware of the special issues raised by tobacco company sponsorship which are fully reflected in its guidelines to programme makers. The BBC observes the terms of the voluntary agreement reached between the Minister for Sport and the Tobacco Advisory Council in 1987.


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No Smoking Day

Mr. Amos : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans he has to support smokers in his Department to give up smoking on the eighth No Smoking Day on 13 March ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Kenneth Baker : Wide publicity has been given throughout my Department to the aims of the eighth No Smoking Day, to take place on 13 March.

Postal and Proxy Voting

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what newspapers and magazines were used to advertise the availability of postal and proxy voting during the period before the 1987 general election ; and at what cost.

Mrs. Rumbold : Advertisements were placed in the following newspapers. The campaign cost £431,000.

Sun

Daily Star

Daily Mirror

Today

Daily Express

Daily Mail

Sunday Mirror

Sunday People

News of the World

Sunday Express

The Mail on Sunday

The Sunday Times

The Times

The Guardian

The Independent

The Daily Telegraph

Financial Times

Morning Star

The Observer

The Sunday Telegraph

News on Sunday

EDUCATION AND SCIENCE

Teachers' Negotiating Rights

Mr. Straw : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what representations he has received from the European trade union committee for education on negotiating rights for teachers ; and if he will make a statement.


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Mr. Kenneth Clarke : I received a letter dated 22 December 1990 from the European trade union committee for education about teachers' negotiating rights on 3 January 1991.

Autism

Mr. Atkinson : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether his Department has undertaken a full evaluation of the work of the Higashi school for autistic children in Boston, USA ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Fallon : The Department has not undertaken a full evaluation of the Higashi school, but is continuing to seek information about its principles, methods and effectiveness.

Child Care

Dr. Marek : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what is the number of workplaces for civil servants in his Department ; what proportion of the total number have an on-site nursery facility ; how many and what proportion of workplaces provide a holiday play scheme ; how many and what proportion of workplaces provide after-school child care facilities ; what charges are made for use of any facility ; what the net cost has been for the provision of these facilities ; and what estimate he can make of any future expenditure.

Mr. Eggar : In addition to the Department's two main sites in London and Darlington, there are 41 HMI local offices each containing fewer than 12 members of staff. The Darlington site has a holiday play scheme for which in 1990-91 parents paid £4 per day for the first child and £3 for each subsequent child. The net cost to the Department of the provision was £3,800 which is expected to rise to £4,000 in 1991- 92. There are plans to provide nursery facilities at the Darlington site but no plans for after-school child care. The Department has no plans to provide any on-site child care provision in London. However, the Westminster holiday play scheme, supported by this and other Departments, is available during each of the school holiday periods to employees' children. In addition, the Department is considering with other Departments the establishment of interdepartmental creche facilities in London and commuting areas.

Science and Engineering Research Council

Mr. Dunnachie : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will consider additional funding for the next financial year for the Science and Engineering Research Council ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Alan Howarth : The science budget for 1991-92 has already been fully allocated to the five research councils and related bodies.

City Technology Colleges

Mr. Straw : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will publish details of all voluntary-aided city technology colleges that are planned and their intended locations, together with (a) the cost to local


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authorities, (b) the total public expenditure involved and (c) the amount of sponsorship (i) pledged and (ii) confirmed ; who the sponsors are ; and if he will make a statement on their legal and financial status.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke : I am still considering the legal and financial implications of proposals that voluntary-aided schools with the characteristics of city technology colleges might offer a worthwhile new means of extending the undoubted benefits of the CTC programme.

Education, Norfolk

Mr. Ralph Howell : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will give the percentage increase in teachers employed by Norfolk county council between 1961 and (a) 1970, (b) 1980 and (c) 1990 in actual and full-time equivalent terms and the percentage increase over the same period in the number of children being educated by Norfolk county council, excluding nursery pupils and nursery teachers.

Mr. Fallon : Information for individual local authorities for 1961 and 1970 is not readily available on a basis comparable to later years because of local government reorganisation in 1974. The table gives the requested information for 1980 and 1990.


Maintained Primary<1> and Secondary schools in Norfolk           

                  Teachers                Pupils                 

                 |Actual     |Full-time  |Full-time              

                 |number     |equivalent |equivalent             

                 |(thousands)|(thousands)|(thousands)            

-----------------------------------------------------------------

1980             |6.3        |6.0        |115.9                  

1990             |6.4        |5.8        |99.4                   

Per cent. change |+2.5       |-2.6       |-14.3                  

Northern Region

Mr. Trotter : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he will give the numbers attending full-time courses at (a) universities and (b) polytechnics in the Northern region in 1980 and 1990, together with the percentage change.

Mr. Alan Howarth : The information is given in the table. Data for 1990 are not yet available.


Full-time and sandwich students in higher education      

courses at                                               

Universities and Polytechnics in the Northern Region     

             |1980-81   |1989-90   |Percentage           

                                   |change               

---------------------------------------------------------

Universities |12,575    |13,702    |9                    

Polytechnics |10,093    |17,742    |76                   

             |-------   |-------   |-------              

Total        |22,668    |31,444    |39                   

Source:Universities Statistical Record.                  

Further Education Statistical Record.                    

Tobacco Industry

Mr. Amos : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many meetings he, his predecessor, his Ministers and his Department's officials have had with representatives of the tobacco industry since 1 January 1989 ; and if he will list the dates, venues and purpose of each meeting.

Mr. Atkins : I met representatives from the Tobacco Advisory Council on 12 December 1990 at their request to


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discuss a range of issues relating to tobacco sponsorship of sport. Department officials meet representatives from the tobacco industry at meetings of the committee for monitoring agreements on tobacco advertising and sponsorship--COMATAS.

Mr. Amos : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what information he has on the current annual total sponsorship of sports by tobacco companies ; if he will list these individually ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Atkins : The latest available information, provided by the Tobacco Advisory Council, on the total sponsorship of sports in the United Kingdom by British tobacco companies is £5.329 million for the year ending 31 March 1989. A breakdown of this figure is not available. This sum compares with £7.699 million in 1986-87.

Mr. Amos : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) if he will invite representatives of the health professions to participate in his Department's current negotiations with the tobacco industry on the control of tobacco sponsorship ; and if he will make a statement ;

(2) if he will report on the progress of his Department's negotiations to date with the tobacco companies on the control of tobacco sponsorship of sporting events ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Atkins : There are no current negotiations with the tobacco industry on the control of tobacco sponsorship of sporting events.

No Smoking Day

Mr. Amos : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what plans he has to support smokers in his Department to give up smoking on the eighth No Smoking Day on 13 March ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Eggar : No special arrangements have been made for No Smoking Day, but staff who need help and advice can, as always, obtain this from our staff welfare service.

Disabled Teachers

Ms. Armstrong : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) what advice his Department gives to TASC--the teaching as a career unit--regarding the recruitment and employment of teachers with disabilities ;

(2) what advice he is seeking on the recruitment and employment of teachers with disabilities in preparation for new guidelines for LMS ;

(3) what advice he has given to local education authorities regarding the employment of teachers with disabilities.

Mr. Fallon : The Department's guidance to employers, teacher training institutions and other bodies is contained in circular 1/88, "Physical and mental fitness to teach of teachers and of entrants to teacher training". My right hon. and learned Friend sees no need for any further advice to TASC or to LEAs or in connection with LMS regarding the recruitment or employment of teachers with disabilities.

Ms. Armstrong : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will list the proportion of teachers employed by each local education authority who are disabled.


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Mr. Fallon : The information requested is not collected centrally.

Institute of Food Research

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether the new Institute of Food Research building at Reading university has been completed ; when staff will start to occupy it ; what is the latest estimate of the cost of its construction ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Alan Howarth : The Agricultural Food Research Council expects that the new building for the Institute of Food Research on the campus of the university of Reading will be completed in June this year. Scientists on the present Shinfield site will transfer to the new building in August. The estimated cost of construction is £9.6 million. This new building will provide the Reading laboratory of the IFR with excellent facilities to house the strong scientific programmes on microbiological food safety, consumer sciences, molecular sciences and biotechnology under way at Shinfield. It will also enhance the institute's position as an internationally recognised centre of excellence in food sciences.

Education, Gloucestershire

Mr. French : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many (a) administrative staff and (b) teaching staff were employed by Gloucestershire education authority in each year from 1985 to 1990.

Mr. Fallon : The total employees of Gloucestershire local education authority in March 1990 were as follows :


                                 |Number       

-----------------------------------------------

Full-time teachers and lecturers |4,600        

Part-time teachers and lecturers |2,800        

Full-time other employees        |2,000        

Part-time other employees        |3,800        

These figures include the nursery, primary and secondary schools sector, special and further education and central administration. Comparable figures for other years are not available.

Mr. French : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many pupils attended schools administered by Gloucestershire education authority in each year from 1981 to 1990.

Mr. Fallon : The number of pupils attending maintained schools in Gloucestershire each year from 1981 to 1990 is as follows :


Year           |Pupils on Roll               

---------------------------------------------

1981           |87,450                       

1982           |84,752                       

1983           |82,009                       

1984           |80,115                       

1985           |78,797                       

1986           |76,913                       

1987           |76,019                       

1988           |75,264                       

1989           |74,550                       

1990           |74,133                       


Education Expenditure

Mr. Butterfill : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will publish a table showing the proportion of total education spending which is spent on the provision of central services in respect of each local education authority in England and Wales.

Mr. Fallon : The latest available information for England relates to LEA spending on central services for schools which are categorised as discretionary excepted items under local management of schools. The eighty- seven LEAs that introduced local management of schools in April 1990 have published budget statements for 1990-91 which show how much of the potential schools budget is withheld from schools to be spent on discretionary excepted items. The figure for each LEA is given in the table. Comparable information is not available for the FE or other education sectors. Information about Wales is the responsibility of my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Wales.



1990-91 Budgets                                                               

Percentage of potential schools budget spent on discretionary                 

excepted items                                                                

Local education authority |Discretionary                                      

                          |exceptions as                                      

                          |percentage of                                      

                          |potential schools                                  

                          |budget                                             

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Westminster               |22.02                                              

Kingston upon Thames      |21.54                                              

Haringey                  |20.64                                              

Waltham Forest            |20.35                                              

Newcastle upon Tyne       |20.25                                              

Merton                    |20.21                                              

Richmond upon Thames      |20.02                                              

Bromley                   |19.30                                              

Cambridgeshire            |19.25                                              

Coventry                  |19.07                                              

Bexley                    |18.67                                              

Oxfordshire               |18.63                                              

Enfield                   |18.50                                              

Harrow                    |18.48                                              

Hounslow                  |18.41                                              

Oldham                    |18.36                                              

Ealing                    |18.34                                              

Humberside                |18.29                                              

Wolverhampton             |18.23                                              

Dorset                    |18.15                                              

Calderdale                |18.14                                              

Knowsley                  |18.09                                              

Bury                      |18.08                                              

Avon                      |17.70                                              

North Tyneside            |17.70                                              

Wiltshire                 |17.65                                              

Isle of Wight             |17.52                                              

Cumbria                   |17.47                                              

Sheffield                 |17.39                                              

North Yorkshire           |17.38                                              

Lancashire                |17.34                                              

Redbridge                 |17.29                                              

Nottinghamshire           |17.28                                              

Wakefield                 |17.13                                              

Somerset                  |17.09                                              

Birmingham                |16.96                                              

Devon                     |16.89                                              

Durham                    |16.87                                              

Sandwell                  |16.76                                              

St. Helens                |16.73                                              

Wigan                     |16.72                                              

Gateshead                 |16.71                                              

Derbyshire                |16.63                                              

Barnsley                  |16.62                                              

Kirklees                  |16.62                                              

Sutton                    |16.56                                              

Cornwall                  |16.43                                              

Norfolk                   |16.38                                              

Brent                     |16.37                                              

Cleveland                 |16.37                                              

South Tyneside            |16.24                                              

Havering                  |16.13                                              

Dudley                    |16.02                                              

Bedfordshire              |15.98                                              

Essex                     |15.97                                              

East Sussex               |15.91                                              

Cheshire                  |15.69                                              

Barnet                    |15.64                                              

Salford                   |15.63                                              

Trafford                  |15.62                                              

Tameside                  |15.60                                              

Shropshire                |15.40                                              

Staffordshire             |15.39                                              

Northamptonshire          |15.26                                              

Kent                      |15.13                                              

Buckinghamshire           |15.12                                              

Liverpool                 |15.09                                              

Lincolnshire              |14.87                                              

Warwickshire              |14.76                                              

Solihull                  |14.69                                              

Doncaster                 |14.55                                              

Surrey                    |14.43                                              

Suffolk                   |14.34                                              

Walsall                   |14.28                                              

Rochdale                  |14.26                                              

Hampshire                 |14.22                                              

Bradford                  |13.96                                              

Leeds                     |13.88                                              

Rotherham                 |13.87                                              

Northumberland            |13.46                                              

Gloucestershire           |13.22                                              

Sunderland                |13.14                                              

Barking and Dagenham      |12.99                                              

Sefton                    |12.56                                              

West Sussex               |12.51                                              

Berkshire                 |12.32                                              

Bolton                    |10.90                                              

Special Needs

Mr. Gill : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he will make regulations under section 13 of the Education Act 1981 relating to the approval of independent schools to admit pupils with statements of special educational needs ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Fallon : The Secretaries of State for Education and Science and for Wales have today laid such regulations before Parliament and issued related circulars. Copies have been placed in the Library.

Mr. Gill : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he intends to lay amending regulations made under section 12 of the Education Act 1981 relating to the approval of special schools, on which he issued a draft for consultation ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Fallon : The Secretaries of State for Education and Science and Wales have today laid before Parliament regulations to amend the Education (Approval of Special Schools) Regulations 1983. The Department has also issued circular 3/91, which replaces circular 6/83 and explains the updated requirements for the approval of special schools. A copy has been placed in the Library.


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