The Attorney-General : The Belfast duty solicitor scheme is a voluntary scheme established and administered by the Council of the Law Society for Northern Ireland. The continued running of the scheme is, therefore, a matter for that body.
Mr. Nigel Griffiths : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what steps he is taking to encourage businesses to follow the lead of the Houses of Parliament in introducing energy-efficient lighting to cut costs and save energy.
Mr. Heathcoat-Amory : My Energy Efficiency Office uses its Best Practice' programme and the network of Regional Energy Efficiency Officers to promote the saving of energy costs through the use of energy efficiency lighting in industry and commerce.
Mr. Favell : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy (1) if he will make a statement on the assessment he has made of the effect of the EC's draft directive for new hot water boilers fired with liquid or gaseous fuels--document No.9791/90--on (a) the average cost to British householders of replacing a central heating boiler, (b) the average cost of installing a central heating system, (c) the average cost of a central heating boiler, (d) the profitability of the British boiler-making industry, (e) the average cost of a new house or flat, (f) employment within the British boiler-making industry, (g) the number of house owners who in future will not be able to replace central heating boilers and (h) the average annual saving per boiler in fuel costs ;
(2) if it is Her Majesty's Government's intention to oppose implementation of the draft directive on new hot water boilers fired with liquid or gaseous fuels.
Mr. Heathcoat-Amory : The Government wish to encourage cost- effective improvements in the energy efficiency of central heating systems in the United Kingdom. The draft directive as proposed by the Commission would not secure this aim. We have offered detailed suggestions for amendments, as have other member states and the European Parliament, and we await a response from the Commission.
Precise assessment of the effects of implementing the current draft is not possible, because of uncertainty about
Column 162its meaning ; in general, the average costs of boilers and systems (a, b, c) are likely to rise, and the average saving (h) is unlikely to be sufficient to make the extra investment cost- effective. Some 60 per cent. of households would have to make alterations costing from £200 to £1,000 before being able to replace their current boiler, a total cost to the nation of some £2,000 million to £3,000 million, resulting in annual fuel savings of only some £10 million to £20 million. The consequential impacts on the average cost of new dwellings (e) and on profitability and employment in the boiler- making industry (d and f) are not clear, but there would have to be major redeployments of resources.
Mr. Dobson : To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will make a statement about the role of the working group involving outside advisers to the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, the hon. Member for Lewisham East, (Mr. Moynihan) on renewable sources of energy.
Mr. Wakeham : The Government announced their intention to conduct a review of their renewable energy programmes in the White Paper "This Common Inheritance" published in September 1990. A further statement will be made shortly on the procedures to be followed for that review.
Mrs. Rumbold : The successful completion of a period of home leave is not a general requirement for allocation to open conditions, but most open establishments include such a requirement in their allocation criteria because of its usefulness as an indication of inmates' suitability.
Miss Lestor : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people in the current prison population spent time in local authority care as children ; and what proportion this is of the total prison population.
Mr. Squire : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prosecutions have been brought under section 100H(4) of the Local Government Act 1972 and 50H(4) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, respectively, as amended by the Local Government (Access to Information) Act 1985, since 1 April 1986.
Mr. John Patten : Records available centrally show no prosecutions in England and Wales from 1986 to 1989 under the Local Government (Access to Information) Act 1985. No information is centrally available for Scotland.
Mr. Shersby : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will publish in tabular form details of the numbers of claims for between (a) £750 and £850, (b) £850 and £950 and (c) £950 and £1,050 and the number in excess of these amounts by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board during the most recent 12-month period for which figures are available ; and how many of the claims were made by police officers.
Mr. John Patten : Information is not available in the form requested, but the percentage of awards within different bands for the year ended 31 March 1990, is shown in paragraph 8.1 of the board's last annual report--Cm1365--a copy of which is in the Library. The relevant figures are :
|Number |Percentage ---------------------------------------------------- Under £400 |462 |1.6 £400- £499 |473 |1.7 £500- £599 |3,179 |11.4 £600- £799 |5,085 |18.2 £800- £999 |3,458 |12.4 £1,000-£1,991 |7,868 |28.2 £2,000-£4,999 |5,205 |18.6 £5,000-£9,999 |1,394 |5.0 £10,000 and over |802 |2.9 |--- |--- |27,926 |100.0
The board does not keep totals of the number of applications from police officers.
Mr. Cousins : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the number of cases settled under the criminal injuries compensation scheme in 1990 ; and what information he has about the time taken to determine cases from first registration in the years ending 31 March 1990 and 31 March 1991.
Mr. John Patten : In the calendar year 1990, a total of 50,006 cases were resolved. The percentage resolved within certain periods of registration for the year ended 31 March 1990, is shown in paragraph 6.1 of the board's 26th annual report--Cm1365--a copy of which is in the Library. The relevant figures are :
|Percentage ------------------------------------- Up to 3 months |0.5 3 to 6 months |1.5 6 to 9 months |3.8 9 to 12 months |13.9 Over 12 months |80.3
Equivalent figures for the year ended 31 March 1991 are not yet available, but a recent survey by the board indicated that about 60 per cent. of applications are being resolved within 12 months.
Dr. Cunningham : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make a statement on the process of consultation for appointing the assistant parliamentary boundary commissioners ; and what progress has been made to date.
Column 164of about 60 assistant commissioners in connection with the fourth general review of constituencies in England, which began in February. The commission put forward a list of 110 distinguished lawyers compiled by writing to heads of chambers and the Lord Chancellor's Department inviting suggestions.
The Home Office is now in the process of consulting the Lord Chancellor's Department over biographical information about the nominees. Final decisions about which of the nominees should be invited to serve will be made in due course.
Mr. John Browne : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will consider using the redundant Army barracks and air and sea stations as prisons for low category prisoners as a short-term measure to relieve overcrowding in prisons such as Winchester.
Mrs. Rumbold [holding answer 15 July 1991] : The use of military accommodation to hold prisoners would be justifiable only if the prison population was so high that it could not be contained within the operational capacity of the prison service. Winchester prison, as with many local prisons serving the courts, has a population which exceeds its certified normal accommodation but is less than its operational capacity. Over the next two years, 10 new local prisons and remand centres will be opening, and these will make a major impact on overcrowding in local prisons.
Mr. Anderson : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he will make representations to the European Commission with the aim of ensuring that the Community's policy towards negotiations with Namibia is not affected by national bias arising from the current dispute concerning illegal fishing in Namibian waters by nationals of a Community member.
Mr. Garel-Jones : The United Kingdom has expressed concern over the handling of the suspension of fisheries negotiations between the Community and Namibia. My right hon. Friend the Minister for Overseas Development raised the issue with Commission officials during the 6 and 7 May Council of Ministers in Brussels. The Commission has now given an assurance of its readiness to resume negotiations, which is shared by the Namibian Government.
Mr. Tim Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether his review of the financial arrangements and the adequacy of financial regulations in dependent territories has now been completed ; and if he will make a statement.
Dr. David Clark : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will list all the options available to farmers which are non- agricultural under the set-aside scheme ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Gummer : Farmers can make use of any non-agricultural option under the set-aside scheme within the limitations described on page 6 of the booklet SA1--Rev 2--a copy of which is attached. The booklet is also available in the Library of the House. In the first two years of the scheme the main non-agricultural uses related to horse-based activities, golf courses, game cover for commercial shoots, sports grounds and other recreational activities.
Mr. Andy Stewart : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he is yet in a position to relax movement restrictions imposed because of blue-ear pig disease ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Gummer : The Government's prompt action in response to suspicion of this disease in Great Britain appears to have been successful in containing its spread. In the light of accumulating knowledge about the development of the disease it is now possible to reduce the size of the restricted area, which was imposed on 13 June, around those farms in Humberside where the disease is suspected or has been confirmed. This action, which will take effect immediately, will release movements of pigs from over 100 large livestock units from all restrictions.
Restrictions on farms where the disease has been confirmed or is suspected will remain, but some changes in the movement controls which are applied to affected farms and within restricted zones can now safely be made. These changes are being finalised in the light of comments made by the industry ; the details will be announced shortly. These changes will be welcomed by the farmers concerned. Investigations of the original source of infection in Great Britain are continuing, and developments on farms where disease has been found or is suspected are being closely watched. The fact that these changes can now be made reflects the success of the Government's prompt actions when early reports of the disease were reported and is a tribute to the effectiveness of the state veterinary service in responding to new challenges.
Discussion concentrated on the Commission's proposals for major adaptations to the common agricultural policy. I welcomed the prospect of reform and reminded the Council that the United Kingdom was wholly committed in its support for radical change in the CAP. However, I also emphasised that the main thrust of these
Column 166proposals was disappointing in that they do not constitute a long-term policy for encouraging efficient farming in the Community, are certain to be very costly and involve substantial discrimination between different producers and member states. Furthermore, the environmental element of the CAP would still be an add-on extra rather than a central theme. The Council is expected to resume these discussions at its next meeting in September.
In a discussion on the GATT round I emphasised the need for the Community to take the initiative immediately with a view to achieving an overall solution well before the end of this year.
I also stressed the continued need to protect United Kingdom producers of soft fruit from low-priced processed imports from eastern Europe. The Commissioner agreed to extend the present safeguards until 25 September.
Mr. Gould : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what conclusions the Government have reached in reviewing methods to achieve a balance between economic and environmental costs and benefits in transport planning.
Mr. McLoughlin : The Standing Advisory Committee on Trunk Road Assessment--SACTRA--is currently reviewing the Department's methods of environmental assessment for trunk roads, and in particular the scope and methods for putting monetary values on environmental effects. I expect to receive its report in the late summer. The Department gathers information on the full range of economic, environmental and other costs and benefits, to inform decision making, whether or not the information can be quantified or expressed in monetary values.
Mr. Wallace : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what was the net cost to the general lighthouse fund in 1988-89 and 1989-90 in respect of the fund's obligations for (a) the Sumbrero lighthouse in Anguilla and (b) Pembroke light in the Falkland Islands.
Mr. Fearn : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what consultations he has had with rail freight distributors on the regulations concerning undermodal vehicles maximum cargo as against road haulage competition.
Column 167Mr. Freeman : Following the launch of his railfreight initiative on 28 May, my right hon. and learned Friend has written to rail freight distributors and others asking for their views on the opportunities for, and obstacles to, a more effective use of the rail network.
Following a review of my Department's marine directorate headquarters, we have decided that most of the directorate's posts which are currently located in offices in central London should relocate to Southampton.
The work to be relocated includes the central staff of the Surveyor- General's Organisation, the HQ administration of Her Majesty's Coastguard, and the marine pollution control unit. Approximately 260 jobs are affected. Some 20 posts dealing with ports matters will remain in central London.
The marine directorate plans to move into new offices in Southampton in May 1993. They will be equipped with all the necessary up-to-date technology to ensure that communications with the rest of the Department, both in London and round the coast, are easy and quick at all times. The move is expected to yield savings of about £19 million over 20 years.
Mr. Nigel Griffiths : To ask the Prime Minister what steps he is taking to encourage all Government Departments to introduce energy- efficient lighting to cut costs and save energy ; and whether he will assist them with such schemes.
The Prime Minister : As part of the Government's drive to improve energy efficiency on their estate the ministerial group on energy efficiency chaired by the Secretary of State for Energy encourages Departments to take all cost-effective energy efficiency measures available. Since the start of the present campaign many Departments have introduced energy-efficient lighting schemes.
Mrs. Chalker : The United Kingdom participated in the ad hoc expert group in Geneva in March to develop revised goals and objectives for the TFAP and revisions to its organisation and management following the independent review of TFAP published in May 1990. The group emphasised the need for the TFAP to be country-led, nationally owned process overseen by a consultative group which would monitor quality and impact.
The FAO Council in June 1991 agreed that a small "contact group" of developing and developed countries, NGOs and international agencies should further develop the ad hoc group proposals and report to FAO's Council in November. The ODA will play an active part, if invited. In countries where the ODA has been involved in TFAP activity since September 1990, officials have followed the recommendations of the independent review in formulating projects and strengthening planning capacity in-country.
Mr. Gould : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1) what bilateral aid has been given to developing countries to address the social and economic reasons for forest loss since September 1990 ; and what steps he has taken to assess its effectiveness in promoting agroforestry and reforestation ;
(2) if he will list, with figures, the research projects wholly or partly funded by the Government, aimed at improving the productivity of forests in developing countries since September 1990.
Mrs. Chalker : The following ODA forestry research projects have been approved since September 1990. These fall into two categories : strategic research and bilateral country programme activities. All have increased forest productivity as a major objective.
Project |ODA |contribution |£ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Strategic Research Tree crop interactions in agroforestry prototypes in the Sahel |169,200 Management of miombo woodland as community woodlots |81,000 Comparative study of traditional and introduced tree crops |164,000 Rainforest regeneration in threatened forests of Northern Amazonia |46,000 Investigating soil characteristics and relationship to vegetation status on Mt. Cameroon |43,000 Collection of Calliandra calothyrus seeds and distribution |22,000 Reproductive biology of Contra alliodora |74,000 Evaluation of tree species' potential for fodder (in Central America and Africa) |292,000 Study of Inga genetic resources in Central and South America |268,000 Mangrove distribution, vulnerability and management in Central America |34,000 Recovery of tropical forest ecosystems from major disturbances (Indonesia) |60,000 Impact of invasive tree species and control (Jamaica) |73,000 Agroforestry and Mycorrhiza research for semi- arid land of East Africa |60,000 Modelling approach to new logging practices (Malaysia) |45,000 Diseases of forest tress in South East Asia |26,000 Long-term production prospects of logged and unlogged forest in Uganda |98,000 Contribution of fruit-eating primates to natural forest regeneration in Uganda |142,000 Africa Acacia rhizobial technology and ecology (Zimbabwe) |204,000 Dipterocarps, Awarcariacae studies and their application |291,000 Study of seed growth of ecophysiology and Dipterocarp varieties |63,000 Molecular study of the genetic resources in the genus Lencaena |66,000 Comparative physiology, field performance and propagation of prosopsis plants |243,000 Improving yield and sustainability of food production by control of soil acidity |142,000 Reliability of genetic parameters estimated from forest tree progeny tests |161,000 Bilateral Research Programmes Production of national database of land resources in Belize |143,000 Developmental potential of rosewood and other species in Para State, Brazil |634,000 Establishment of new biological research station in Caxiuana National Forest, Para State, Brazil |1,351,000 Biological study of ecology, natural regeneration and flora of flooded forest, Para State, Brazil |246,000 Pilot management project to demonstrate artificial regeneration techniques and management procedures in Cameroon |1,900,000 Forest ecology research and staff training in Ghana |333,000 Entomological research in Guyana's forest |190,000 Development of a small and medium scale wood industry in Honduras |1,956,000 Managing lowland dipterocarp forest as a sustainable and productive resource (Indonesia) |2,644,000 Biological control of aphids attacking conifer plantations in Malawi |612,000 Development of a sustainable forestry research capacity in Nepal |4,921,000
The following projects have investigation of social/economic reasons for forest loss as part of their overall objectives [Strategic Research (SR) ; Bilateral (B) ].
|£ -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Belize forest planning and management (B) |3,356,000 Impact of rainforest logging on local people in Sumatra (SR) |32,000 Resistance of forests to Hurricane Gilbert (Jamaica) (SR) |200,000 Indigenous forest conservation project (Kenya) (B) |4,860,000 Integration of social forestry issues into objectives of Cross River State, (Nigeria) (B) |1,690,000 Adoption of hedgerow intercropping by Third World farmers (SR) |48,000
Under ODA's joint funding scheme, finance is also provided for many non- governmental organisation projects. Details of these could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
ODA has long-established procedures for monitoring and evaluation of projects including feedback of evaluation lessons to all seven programme managers. ODA is currently evaluating five completed forestry projects, in Kenya, India, Lesotho, Nepal and Cote d'Ivoire. The results of this are expected in mid-1992.
Mr. Gould : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what specific bilateral aid the Government have given to conservation projects in developing countries, particularly to anti- poaching projects and the management of wildlife reserves since September 1990.
Mrs. Chalker : We are currently financing 67 NGO environment and wildlife conservation projects through the ODA's joint funding scheme, at an aid programme cost of £1.2 million in 1991-92 ; and 21 bilateral wildlife conservation projects in Africa at an estimated total aid programme cost of £5 million.
Sir Wyn Roberts : The estimated total cost of the A470 Pentrebach to Cefn Coed scheme given in the 1991 supplement to "Roads in Wales : Progress and Plans for the 1990s" is £28 million at November 1989 prices.
Mr. Rowlands To ask the Secretary of State for Wales what is his Department's estimate of the expenditure on the A470 Pentrebach to Cefn Coed, Merthyr Tydfil in 1991-92, 1992-93 and 1993-94.
Column 171Sir Wyn Roberts : Actual expenditure will depend on the speed with which engineering design and statutory procedures can be completed and the timing of the start of main works. A main works start is planned before April 1994, and it is not possible to give a more precise date at this stage. A realistic breakdown of expenditure between the financial years requested cannot be given.
Mr. Rowlands To ask the Secretary of State for Wales what are the salaries and emoluments of the board members of Tai Cymru (Housing for Wales).
Mr. Wigley : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales on what date the first study on the need for a replacement for the Pont Seiont on the A487 to the south of Caernarfon was initiated ; on what date that study was completed ; what were the initiation and completion dates of any subsequent surveys ; on what date construction work on a new bridge was originally scheduled to start ; on what dates the start date was revised, for what reason and to what new start date ; what is the latest start date for this scheme ; and if he will make a statement.
Column 172commissioned in 1973. This study culminated in the announcement by the then Secretary of State in November 1979 of his "Preferred Route" for the replacement of Pont Seiont. The scheme was included in the 1978 "Roads in Wales" programme for a start in the time band 1981-83. Also as a consequence of the study the existing bridge was strengthened in 1982 to enable it to carry trunk road traffic in the short to medium term. A recent assessment has shown the bridge to be in good condition satisfying current and anticipated loading requirements.
The time band for the start of the replacement scheme has changed in subsequent publications of "Roads in Wales" to reflect this scheme's priority in relation to others in the roads programme. The 1991 supplement to "Roads in Wales : Progress and Plans for the 1990s" shows the scheme in the time band April 1994 to March 1997.
Mr. Barry Jones : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will state for the last available year (a) the amount of toxic waste imported through Welsh ports in total, and by port and (b) the country of origin and destination of toxic waste imports by port, together with the nature of toxic waste in each case.
The information for the year ending 31 March 1991 is as follows :
Port |Country of |Destination |Type of waste |Tonnes |origin ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Holyhead |Ireland |Greater Manchester |Glycolmethacrylate Scrap |16.0 |Metal Hydroxide/Oxides |340.1 |PolychloroBiphenyl (PCB) |13.7 |Hampshire CC |Miscellaneous Waste |22.6 |Miscellaneous Chemical Waste|15.1 |Organic Waste (mix) |84.8 |Pharmaceutical Waste |79.0 |Torfaen BC |Adhesive Waste |12.4 |Liners (cont: toxic waste) |35.2 |Miscellaneous Waste |14.6 |Miscellaneous Chemical Waste|131.5 |Organic Waste (mix) |19.7 |PolychloroBiphenyl (PCB) |12.0 |Pharmaceutical Waste |19.2 |---- |Total |815.9 Newport |Austria |Greater Manchester |Metal Hydroxide/Oxides |84.1 |Miscellaneous Waste |1,090.6 |Germany |Hampshire CC |Laboratory Waste |66.5 |Pesticides |70.0 |Torfaen BC |Miscellaneous Chemical Waste|6.9 |Pesticides |23.9 |Finland |Torfaen BC |PCB Fluid/Transformer |10.7 |Ireland |Greater Manchester |Metal Hydroxides/Oxides |1,515.7 |Hampshire CC |Organic Waste (mix) |31.3 |Switzerland |Greater Manchester |Aluminium Hydroxide/Oxide |7.4 |Battery Waste |7.0 |Distillation Residue |25.0 |Inorganic Waste |3.8 |Organic Waste (mix) |3.8 |Paint Waste |96.7 |Sodium Chloride |84.4 |Sodium Benzosulphonate |34.1 |Hampshire CC |Organic Waste (mix) |326.2 |Torfaen BC |Organic Waste (mix) |129.1 |Paint Waste |64.0 |PolychloroBiphenyl (PCB) |66.9 |PVC Waste |17.0 |---- |Total |4,505.1 Swansea |Ireland |Torfaen BC |Miscellaneous Waste |10.1 |---- |Total |10.1 |---- |Grand Total |5,331.1
Mr. Gareth Wardell : To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will list those health authorities in Wales that have appointed directors of dental public health ; how many of these directors are designated or accredited consultants ; and if he will make a statement.
The district health authorities that have directors of dental public health in post are :
Of consultant designation.
The post in Mid Glamorgan is currently vacant. It is shortly to be advertised as a shared appointment with Powys with the intention of securing the services of an accredited consultant in dental public health.