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Firearms

Mr. Wiggin : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make a statement on the progress on transferring responsibility for firearms and shotgun licensing to a national firearms control board.

Mr. Charles Wardle : My right hon. and learned Friend is in the process of consulting Ministerial colleagues about this and will make an announcement as soon as possible.

Prisoners (Mental Health)

Mr. Michael : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what percentage of persons currently residing in prisons in England and Wales are considered to have mental health problems.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Information is not available centrally in the form requested. However, the psychiatric profile study of the sentenced population carried out by Professor John Gunn and published in October 1992 estimated the prevalence of psychiatric disorders as 38.8 per cent. of which substance dependency or abuse accounted for 19.6 per cent.


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Press (Unauthorised Disclosures)

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what disciplinary action has been taken against officials in his Department (a) generally and (b) in the press office for unauthorised disclosures to the press in the last 12 months.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke : No Home Office official, either generally or in the press office, has been subject to disciplinary action for unauthorised disclosures to the press in the last 12 months.

Citizenship Applications

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to his answer of 9 December to the hon. Member for Sedgefield (Mr. Blair), Official Report, column 662-64, if he will make a statement on his review of the procedure for handling inquiries on individual citizenship applications.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke : I refer the hon. Member to the reply that I gave to the hon. Member for Rochdale (Ms. Lynne) on 14 January at columns 793-94, to which I have nothing to add.


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Betting Offices

Sir John Wheeler : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans he has to extend the evening opening hours of licensed betting offices.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke : In October 1991, the Government issued a consultation document inviting the views of all interested parties on whether licensed betting offices should be open in the evening and, if so, at what times. Over 800 representations and a number of petitions have since been received. The views expressed fully reflected the arguments for and against evening opening. In the light of that consultation process, I have decided that evening opening should be allowed until 10 pm on Mondays to Saturdays between April and August inclusive.

Government policy on gambling is that there should be adequate properly regulated facilities available for those who wish to gamble. It is clear that the growth in the number of evening horseraces has created increased consumer demand for evening opening of licensed betting offices during the summer months. In those circumstances, the Government believe that there are no public interest or policy reasons to object to evening opening.

I know that many bookmakers, their staff and the greyhound racing industry are concerned about the effect which evening opening may have on them. I have taken account of those concerns and I believe that the approach now proposed achieves a sensible and reasonable balance between the various interests.

My decision is broadly in line with the recommendations of the Home Affairs Select Committee of the House of Commons following its inquiries into the funding of horseracing and greyhound racing. However, as some horseraces are run after 9 pm and to allow time for payment of any winnings, I propose that the latest closing time should be 10 pm rather than the 9 pm recommended by the Committee. This will be a standard latest closing


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time throughout April to August. A variable closing time, perhaps linked to the last horserace, would have created enforcement difficulties.

The Government are committed to removing unnecessary regulations on business and extending consumer choice where possible. Evening opening represents a further important measure of deregulation and will give bookmakers greater freedom to adjust their opening hours to suit the needs of their customers.

The opening hours of licensed betting offices are prescribed by regulation, subject to the negative resolution procedure. I have today laid an order before parliament which will permit evening opening with effect from 1 April 1993. My right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Scotland will lay a similar order to permit the same evening opening hours in Scotland.

Prevention of Terrorism

Sir John Wheeler : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how observations from interested persons or organisations should be submitted for consideration by Lord Colville in his report on the operation in 1992 of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke : Written observations should be submitted to Lord Colville c/o Room 647, Home Office, 50 Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT no later than Friday 5 February 1993.

Metropolitan Police Property

Mr. Straw : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to his answer of 11 January, Official Report, column 601, if he will list the total number of residential properties owned by the Metropolitan police and the number, and percentage of the total of these which are empty.

Mr. Charles Wardle [holding answer 15 January 1993] : The information requested is contained in the table :


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Type of property             |Number in MPS estate|Vacant              |Percentage          |Available for       |Percentage                               

                                                                                            |disposal                                                      

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Houses                       |1,271               |68                  |5.3                 |45                  |3.5                                      

Flats                        |1,215               |196                 |16.0                |151                 |12.4                                     

Section houses               |26                  |3                   |11.5                |1                   |3.8                                      

Bed spaces in section houses |2,981               |714                 |23.9                |373                 |12.5                                     

DUCHY OF LANCASTER

The Queen (Income)

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what income Her Majesty the Queen receives in right of her Duchy of Lancaster ; whether it is liable to income tax ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Waldegrave : Payments are made to the Keeper of the Privy Purse from revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster for Her Majesty's use. The sovereign is entitled to these revenues in right of her Duchy of Lancaster.

Payments to the privy purse are detailed in the Duchy accounts which are placed in the Library of the House. In


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the year to 29 September 1991 the sum of £3,100,000 was paid to the privy purse. Duchy accounts for 1992 will be in the Library by mid-February.

Duchy revenues are not subject to income tax. On the tax question I have nothing to add to the statement made by my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister on 26 November 1992, at column 982.

Sir Charles Powell

Mr. Bennett : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what steps were taken under the rules relating to business appointments for former civil servants in connection with the appointment of Sir Charles Powell as a director of Jardine Matheson.

Mr. Jackson : Staff at Sir Charles Powell's grade are required to seek approval for any paid outside appointment they wish to accept within two years of


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leaving the civil service. Applications are referred to the head of the home civil service, who advises the appropriate departmental Minister whether any conditions should be applied. Individual applications are treated in confidence.

NATIONAL FINANCE

National Insurance

Mr. Nicholas Brown : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the estimated full-year revenue effect in 1992-93 and 1993-94 of (a) abolishing the upper earnings limit for employee's national insurance contributions, (b) allowing personal allowances against such contributions and (c) both (a) and (b).

Mr. Dorrell : The estimated effects in a full year are shown in the table. For (b) and (c) it has been assumed that the levels of earnings used to calculate National Insurance contributions are gross earnings less the personal allowance. For the 1993-94 calculations, personal allowances have been increased by the autumn statement assumption of 3.25 per cent. over 1992-93 levels. No account has been taken of possible behavioural changes which might result from the measures.


                                   Cost(-)/Yield(+)             

                                  |1992-93  |1993-94            

                                  |£ million|£ million          

----------------------------------------------------------------

(a) Abolishing the upper earnings                               

  limit for employees national                                  

  insurance contributions         |2,700    |2,900              

(b) Allowing personal allowances                                

  against employees' national                                   

  insurance contributions         |-5,100   |-5,300             

(c) Part b with upper earnings                                  

  limit for employee's national                                 

  insurance contribution                                        

  abolished                       |-3,500   |-3,500             

Whisky

Mr. Peter Bottomley : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will estimate the consumption and the revenue elasticities of duty on whisky and whiskey.

Sir John Cope : We do not have details of elasticities for individual spirits products. We estimate that the price elasticity of demand for spirits consumption is 1.1. The impact of changes in the duty rate on consumption, and hence revenue, will depend on the duty content of the retail price.

ECOFIN Council

Mr. Llew Smith : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what proposals he plans to put forward at the ECOFIN Council in Brussels on 18 January.

Mr. Nelson : The Council will discuss the economic situation in the Community as part of its regular exercises in multilateral surveillance and the package of measures to promote economic recovery which was agreed at the European Council in Edinburgh. I have no plans to put forward other proposals.


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Income Tax

Mr. McMaster : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people are employed by his Departments specifically to investigate avoidance of income tax.

Mr. Dorrell : In excess of 1,000 staff in the Inland Revenue are involved in the investigation of errors, differences of legal interpretation and avoidance which they discover in the tax returns and accounts of individuals and trusts. Information is not available about the proportion of their time which is spent specifically investigating avoidance of income tax. The figure given excludes those investigating tax evasion.

Trading Expenses

Mr. Cousins : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the Government's present policy with regard to the setting of pre-production expenses against tax liability as they are incurred ; and what proposals he has to allow this in all areas of economic activity.

Mr. Dorrell : When calculating trading profits for tax purposes, revenue expenditure incurred in the five years before a trade commences is treated as if incurred when the trade starts, provided the expenditure would have qualified as a deduction had the trade commenced. Qualifying capital expenditure which is incurred for the purposes of a trade prior to its commencement is also deemed to have been incurred on the first day of trade.

These are general rules which apply to all trades.

Business Expansion Scheme

Mr. Battle : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was (a) the total amount invested in the business expansion scheme for each year since the scheme's inception, (b) the amount invested in private rented housing, for each year since the scheme was extended to housing, (c) the total cost of tax relief for each year and (d) the amount of tax relief in respect of investment in private rented housing, for each year from 1988-89 to 1992- 93.

Mr. Dorrell : The latest estimates for years up to 1991-92 were given in my reply on 21 October 1992, Official Report , columns 313-14 . Estimates for 1992-93 are not yet available.

Public Expenditure

Mr. Morgan : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement indicating the nature of the over-provision in respect of Wales indicated in footnote 2 to table 2B.3 and footnote 2 to table 2B.4 in the 1992 "Autumn Statement".

Mr. Portillo : The sums relate to the correction of a miscalculation of housing revenue account subsidy for Wales in the 1991 public expenditure survey.

Invalidity Benefit

Mr. Spellar : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether the Government intend to tax invalidity benefits.

Mr. Dorrell : I refer the hon. Member to the reply that I gave to the hon. Member for Glasgow, Garscadden (Mr. Dewar) on 19 October 1992, Official Report , col. 190 .


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Mr. John Marshall : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the estimated yield from taxing invalidity benefits.

Mr. Dorrell : Available information is given in my reply to the hon. Members for Newport, West (Mr. Flynn) and for Glasgow, Garscadden (Mr. Dewar) on 27 October 1992, at column 572.

Exchange Rates

Mr. Ron Davies : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the average value of the pound sterling in European currency units in each year since 1987.

Mr. Nelson [holding answer 15 January 1993] : The average annual value of the pound sterling in European currency units since 1987 is as follows :




         |<1>ECU/£         

---------------------------

1987     |1.4200           

1988     |1.5060           

1989     |1.4886           

1990     |1.4000           

1991     |1.4284           

1992     |1.3620           

<1> Based on market        

exchange rates.            

Press Office

Mr. Milburn : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many staff were employed by his Department's press office in each year since 1979.

Mr. Nelson [holding answer 15 January 1993] : The number of press and public relations staff employed in my Department was as follows :


        |Staff      

--------------------

1986-87 |10         

1987-88 |10         

1988-89 |10         

1989-90 |10         

1990-91 |10         

1991-92 |9          

Information for the years 1979-85 could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

Inland Revenue

Mr. Bennett : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how much has been spent up to 31 December 1992 on preparation for privatisation of parts and the whole of the Inland Revenue's operation.

Mr. Dorrell : In the present financial year, the costs to date of market testing activities in the Inland Revenue are around £1.3 million. Estimates of the costs for earlier years are not readily available, but would be much smaller.

Mr. Kirkwood : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement outlining Her Majesty's Government's detailed plans for reform of the Inland Revenue and the time scale over which any changes are expected to occur.

Mr. Dorrell [holding answer 18 January 1993] : The Revenue's change programme was first announced by the


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Chancellor in his statement of 6 March 1992 Official Report, column 323-25, and further details appeared in the Board of Inland Revenue's report for the year ending 31 March 1992 (Cm. 2086) and the first report of the citizens charter (Cm. 2101). The Revenue's management plan, due for publication in the spring, will set out the Department's main aims and objectives over the period to 1996-97.

Mr. Kirkwood : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what estimate Her Majesty's Government have made of the reduction in the number of smaller and more rural Inland Revenue offices in the event of changes being made in the way the Inland Revenue conducts its duties.

Mr. Dorrell [holding answer 18 January 1993] : The Inland Revenue is reviewing the organisation and structure of its local offices with the aim of increasing the quality of service to taxpayers and the efficiency of the operations. Any changes would take place over a number of years, following consultation with staff, and no estimate has yet been made of the number of smaller and more rural offices needed.

Mr. Kirkwood : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what consideration has been given to the need to maintain the guarantee of confidentiality in the course of any changes in the way the work of the Inland Revenue is conducted.

Mr. Dorrell [holding answer 18 January 1993] : We recognise the importance of this issue. If work is contracted out, there are two safeguards. The first is that all relevant contracts contain provisions obliging contractors to make all necessary arrangements to protect the privacy of personal information. The second is that contractors and their employees are subject, in the same way as Revenue employees, to the criminal sanctions--a fine, or imprisonment, or both--provided by section 182 of the Finance Act 1989, for unauthorised disclosure of personal tax information.

Mr. Kirkwood : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) what representations he has received on the Government's intention to subject the work currently undertaken by the Inland Revenue to market testing ;

(2) what consultations he has had with interested parties regarding plans to introduce market testing to the work currently undertaken by the Inland Revenue.

Mr. Dorrell [holding answer 18 January 1993] : We have received a number of representations about the market testing of services in the Inland Revenue ; officials have held discussions with trade unions representing staff in the Department and with other interested parties.

Value Added Tax

Mr. David Porter : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement outlining the discretionary powers available to local Customs and Excise officers ; and what steps he takes to monitor the differences in enforcement and interpretation of VAT rules from one part of the country to another.

Sir John Cope [holding answer 18 January 1993] : Local VAT officers have certain limited discretionary powers in relation to tax control, compliance and debt management. These are contained primarily in the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979, the VAT Act 1983 and the Finance Act 1985.


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The care and maintenance of VAT is the statutory responsibility of the Commissioners of Customs and Excise. This includes ensuring consistency of treatment for all taxpayers and is achieved by giving local VAT officers specialist training and written guidance from headquarters. The application of this guidance is carefully monitored both locally and centrally. Departmental systems and procedures are also subject to overview by Customs and Excise's own internal auditors and by the National Audit Office.

Dr. Marek : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his estimate of the effect on the annual retail prices index of a standard rate of VAT imposed on (a) newspapers, books and periodicals, (b) children's clothes, (c) domestic fuel and (d) public transport.

Sir John Cope [holding answer 18 January 1993] : The table gives our current estimate of the impact on the RPI of applying the standard rate of VAT to the categories outlined.


Category                        |Percentage increase                    

                                |in RPI                                 

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Newspapers, books and magazines |0.3                                    

Children's clothes              |0.2                                    

Domestic fuel                   |0.8                                    

Public transport                |0.2                                    

Petroleum Revenue Tax

Mr. David Porter : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what he expects petroleum revenue tax to produce for the Exchequer in the current and each of the next three financial years ; and if he will make it his policy to reduce it in cases where companies invest in refurbishment of existing offshore gas and oil installations in order to help the fabrication industry ; and if he will make a statement.

Sir John Cope [holding answer 18 January 1993] : The revenue raised by petroleum revenue tax in 1992-93 was estimated at £100 million in the autumn statement. It has been the practice to include outturn estimates, and a coming year petroleum revenue tax forecast, in the "Financial Statement and Budget Report" issued on Budget day. The costs of refurbishing offshore installations in oil and gas fields would normally already qualify for immediate relief in full against petroleum revenue tax, where the field is within the charge to that tax.

Civil Servants (Bicycles)

Mr. Simon Hughes : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement on the current conditions on which civil servants in his Department are granted salary advances to enable the purchase of bicycles for home-to-office travel ; if he will make a statement on the current conditions in each agency of his Department ; what plans he has to change the conditions ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Dorrell [holding answer 18 January 1993] : In common with other Departments, the Treasury has arrangements under which it can make interest free


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advances of salary of up to £100 to assist staff with the purchase of a bicycle for home-to-office travel. Advances are repayable over one year.

It was announced on 16 December 1992, Official Report, column 285-86, that responsibility for determining the conditions on which such advances can be made has been delegated to Departments. The Treasury will be reviewing its arrangements in the light of that delegation.

Trade Sales and Management Buy-outs

Mr. Morgan : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will place in the Library a copy of his Department's guidance note on trade sales and management buy-outs within the public services.

Mr. Portillo [holding answer 18 January 1993] : No. The written guidance referred to is intended for internal use by Departments and vendor units engaged in, or considering, privatisation by trade sale.

Personal Taxation

Dr. Marek : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the average tax charge in the United Kingdom on a married man with two children with earnings in each of the decile groups in each financial year since 1986-87.

Mr. Dorrell [holding answer 18 January 1993] : Information is available only for income tax. With the introduction of independent taxation in 1990-91, comparable figures are available for the years 1990-91 and 1991-92. Information for earlier years could be provided only at disproportionate cost. In calculating decile groups it is appropriate to take account of the tax liability on total income for income tax purposes, not just earnings. Income tax liability is not affected by the number of children so the figures below include all married men who pay income tax.


Decile grouAverage income               

taxpaying mtax liability (£             

men        per year)                    

Per cent. |1990-91  |1991-92            

----------------------------------------

Bottom 10 |120      |130                

10 - 20   |400      |420                

20 - 30   |680      |730                

30 - 40   |980      |1,000              

40 - 50   |1,300    |1,400              

50 - 60   |1,600    |1,700              

60 - 70   |2,000    |2,200              

70 - 80   |2,600    |2,800              

80 - 90   |3,600    |3,900              

Top 10    |10,400   |11,200             

                                        

Average   |3,200    |3,500              

EDUCATION

Education Spending

Mr. Hinchliffe : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what assessment he has made of the link between education standard spending assessments and academic attainment.

Mr. Forth : My right hon. Friend has made no such assessment, since standard spending assessments are primarily a mechanism for distributing grant and local education authorities have discretion to order their spending priorities as they wish.


Column 147

Mr. Hinchliffe : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what level of funding, based on secondary education standard spending assessment, an 11 to 15, 1,000-pupil school would receive in (a) Wakefield, (b) Bradford, (c) Wandsworth and (d) Westminster.

Mr. Forth : Standard spending assessments are designed to reflect the varying costs, in different areas, of providing a standard level of service, taking account of different local circumstances. They are essentially a mechanism for distributing grant : decisions on spending priorities between education and other services and within education are for individual local authorities. The funding that a school receives thus largely depends on local decisions about priorities and also on the local authority's scheme for local management of schools. Moreover, the education elements of SSAs relate to all LEA functions, including central services and the maintenance of special schools. There is no separately identifiable element relating to the funding of ordinary schools.

Mr. Hinchliffe : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what is the standard spending assessment per post-16 education student for each metropolitan authority in 1993-94.

Mr. Forth : From 1993-94 the education of most post-16 students will be the responsibility of the Further Education Funding Council. LEAs will continue to be responsible for pupils over 16 in schools and for certain kinds of further education for adults. There is no separately identifiable element in 1993-94 SSAs for further education for adults. The post-16 element of SSAs relates to 16-plus pupils in schools, including special schools and related central services and support functions such as home-to- school transport.

Hearing Impairment

Mr. Dafis : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what research has been undertaken to date by his Department to evaluate the effect of the introduction of the local management of schools regime upon specialist educational provision for hearing-impaired children.

Mr. Forth : None. The purpose of local management of schools is to ensure that funds are allocated to schools on an objective basis, taking account of local circumstances. LMS does not qualify in any way the duties of LEAs or schools regarding pupils with special educational needs, including the hearing impaired.

Nursery Education

Mr. Byers : To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many three and four-year-olds were in nursery education for each local education authority at the latest available date.

Mr. Forth : The number of three and four-year-olds attending maintained nursery schools or nursery classes in maintained primary schools in each local education authority in England in January 1992 is shown in the following table.


Pupils aged 3 and 4 in maintained      

nursery schools                        

and classes in England-January 1992    

LEA                    |Pupils         

---------------------------------------

City                   |29             

Camden                 |1,012          

Greenwich              |3,103          

Hackney                |2,212          

Hammersmith            |1,509          

Islington              |1,797          

Kensington and Chelsea |826            

Lambeth                |2,294          

Lewisham               |2,569          

Southwark              |2,707          

Tower Hamlets          |2,687          

Wandsworth             |2,211          

Westminster            |1,049          

Barking                |1,750          

Barnet                 |2,351          

Bexley                 |1,127          

Brent                  |2,390          

Bromley                |154            

Croydon                |1,159          

Ealing                 |3,246          

Enfield                |1,484          

Haringey               |2,546          

Harrow                 |958            

Havering               |247            

Hillingdon             |3,150          

Hounslow               |2,469          

Kingston upon Thames   |1,173          

Merton                 |2.593          

Newham                 |4,445          

Redbridge              |987            

Richmond upon Thames   |706            

Sutton                 |1,684          

Waltham Forest         |2,502          

Birmingham             |10,342         

Coventry               |2,196          

Dudley                 |2,881          

Sandwell               |4,640          

Solihull               |1,728          

Walsall                |4,223          

Wolverhampton          |3,936          

Knowsley               |2,477          

Liverpool              |6,350          

St Helens              |1,632          

Sefton                 |2,470          

Wirral                 |2,314          

Bolton                 |3,057          

Bury                   |1,446          

Manchester             |7,324          

Oldham                 |2,386          

Rochdale               |2,018          

Salford                |3,315          

Stockport              |1,731          

Tameside               |2,504          

Trafford               |1,820          

Wigan                  |2,125          

Barnsley               |2,951          

Doncaster              |3,326          

Rotherham              |2,974          

Sheffield              |5,720          

Bradford               |6,025          

Calderdale             |1,799          

Kirklees               |4,445          

Leeds                  |8,276          

Wakefield              |4,322          

Gateshead              |1,798          

Newcastle upon Tyne    |2,995          

North Tyneside         |2,648          

South Tyneside         |2,225          

Sunderland             |3,137          

Isles of Scilly        |0              

Avon                   |4,923          

Bedfordshire           |5,135          

Berkshire              |5,780          

Buckinghamshire        |2,694          

Cambridgeshire         |2,196          

Cheshire               |5,481          

Cleveland              |9,422          

Cornwall               |1,611          

Cumbria                |3,002          

Derbyshire             |8,950          

Devon                  |2,743          

Dorset                 |805            

Durham                 |6,856          

East Sussex            |1,460          

Essex                  |2,446          

Gloucestershire        |0              

Hampshire              |1,993          

Hereford and Worcester |1,274          

Hertfordshire          |8,422          

Humberside             |8,756          

Isle of Wight          |186            

Kent                   |1,984          

Lancashire             |6,857          

Leicestershire         |5,372          

Lincolnshire           |1,349          

Norfolk                |855            

North Yorkshire        |3,505          

Northamptonshire       |2,915          

Northumberland         |2,833          

Nottinghamshire        |13,293         

Oxfordshire            |2,574          

Shropshire             |1,343          

Somerset               |239            

Staffordshire          |6,566          

Suffolk                |2,952          

Surrey                 |2,857          

Warwickshire           |2,123          

West Sussex            |602            

Wiltshire              |561            

                                       

England                |329,597        

Under-sevens

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what are the latest available figures for the expenditure per child under seven years by each education authority and grant-maintained schools in England.

Mr. Forth : Available expenditure data cover nursery and primary schools as a whole and cannot be disaggregated between particular age ranges. The table indicates each local education authority's average school -based funding per pupil in nursery and primary schools in 1990-91, the latest year for which information on actual expenditure by LEAs is available. There were no primary grant-maintained schools in 1990-91.


                     |Net institutional                  

                     |funding per pupil                  

LEA                  |(£)                                

---------------------------------------------------------

City                 |1,950                              

Camden               |1,710                              

Greenwich            |1,720                              

Hackney              |1,900                              

Hammersmith          |1,970                              

Islington            |1,770                              

Kensington           |2,060                              

Lambeth              |1,840                              

Lewisham             |1,710                              

Southwark            |1,850                              

Tower Hamlets        |1,940                              

Wandsworth           |1,820                              

Westminster          |2,110                              

Barking              |1,460                              

Barnet               |1,550                              

Bexley               |1,260                              

Brent                |1,670                              

Bromley              |1,410                              

Croydon              |1,440                              

Ealing               |1,690                              

Enfield              |1,430                              

Haringey             |1,840                              

Harrow               |1,480                              

Havering             |1,290                              

Hillingdon           |1,540                              

Hounslow             |1,510                              

Kingston-upon Thames |1,430                              

Merton               |1,750                              

Newham               |1,490                              

Redbridge            |1,350                              

Richmond-upon Thames |1,530                              

Sutton               |1,360                              

Waltham Forest       |1,570                              

Birmingham           |1,260                              

Coventry             |1,300                              

Dudley               |1,230                              

Sandwell             |1,450                              

Solihull             |1,240                              

Walsall              |1,510                              

Wolverhampton        |1,390                              

Knowsley             |1,390                              

Liverpool            |1,290                              

St. Helens           |1,210                              

Sefton               |1,260                              

Wirral               |1,280                              

Bolton               |1,220                              

Bury                 |1,190                              

Manchester           |1,320                              

Oldham               |1,370                              

Rochdale             |1,200                              

Salford              |1,270                              

Stockport            |1,260                              

Tameside             |1,320                              

Trafford             |1,170                              

Wigan                |1,140                              

Barnsley             |1,260                              

Doncaster            |1,250                              

Rotherham            |1,340                              

Sheffield            |1,390                              

Bradford             |1,500                              

Calderdale           |1,440                              

Kirklees             |1,300                              

Leeds                |1,430                              

Wakefield            |1,340                              

Gateshead            |1,390                              

Newcastle upon Tyne  |1,520                              

North Tyneside       |1,310                              

South Tyneside       |1,290                              

Sunderland           |1,280                              

Avon                 |1,320                              

Bedfordshire         |1,380                              

Berkshire            |1,340                              

Buckinghamshire      |1,320                              

Cambridgeshire       |1,260                              

Cheshire             |1,260                              

Cleveland            |1,230                              

Cornwall             |1,190                              

Cumbria              |1,340                              

Derbyshire           |1,370                              

Devon                |1,310                              

Dorset               |1,290                              

Durham               |1,370                              

East Sussex          |1,240                              

Essex                |1,240                              

Gloucestershire      |1,200                              

Hampshire            |1,260                              

Herefordshire        |1,360                              

Hertfordshire        |1,340                              

Humberside           |1,280                              

Isle of Wight        |1,250                              

Kent                 |1,120                              

Lancashire           |1,310                              

Leicestershire       |1,290                              

Lincolnshire         |1,210                              

Norfolk              |1,280                              

North Yorkshire      |1,230                              

Northamptonshire     |1,230                              

Northumberland       |1,320                              

Nottinghamshire      |1,390                              

Oxfordshire          |1,570                              

Shropshire           |1,350                              

Somerset             |1,230                              

Staffordshire        |1,270                              

Suffolk              |1,310                              

Surrey               |1,340                              

Warwickshire         |1,220                              

West Sussex          |1,240                              

Wiltshire            |1,260                              

Note: Figures are derived from LEAs' returns of their    

spending to the Department of the Environment and of     

their pupil numbers to the Department for Education.     

They include school-based spending on salaries and wages,

 recurrent premises costs, books, equipment and other    

supplies and services, and unspent balances held by      

schools at the year end under local management schemes.  

They exclude spending on home to school transport,       

school meals, LEAs' central administration and financing 

costs of capital expenditure.                            

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will make it his policy that all education authorities should receive funding for the education of under-sevens at the same level as Westminister education authority ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Forth : No. Standard spending assessments, which determine the distribution of grant between authorities, are designed to reflect the varying costs, in different areas, of providing a standard level of service, taking account of different local circumstances.

Independent Residential Colleges

Mr. Richards : To ask the Secretary of State for Education how new students at independent residential colleges are to be funded as from April ; and if he will make a statement.


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