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Written Answers to Questions

Friday 5 March 1993

HOME DEPARTMENT

Security Firms

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will take the necessary action to require all employees of security firms (a) to be registered by the police authority, (b) to be issued with a personal number and (c) to be required to wear their personal identification number prominently and visually ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Charles Wardle : My right hon. Friend has no plans to do so. The Government's policy is to promote self-regulation in the private security industry.

Electoral Malpractice

Mr. William Ross : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) if he will make a statement on the penalties for electoral malpractice ;

(2) what proposals he has to increase the penalties for corrupt or illegal electoral practices ;

(3) what proposals he has for the revision of the law on illegal electoral practices.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The penalties for corrupt practices, illegal practices and other offences are set out in the Representation of the People Act 1983. We have no proposals for revising the law.

Mr. William Ross : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what proposals he has for amendment of the legislation on the conduct of elections.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : We have set up five working groups of Home Office officials and representatives of returning officers and local authorities to consider different aspects of the electoral process. We shall consider the findings of the working groups once they have concluded their work.

Mr. William Ross : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what proposals he has for extension of the time for submission of electoral expense returns.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : We have no such proposals.

Animal Experimentation

Mr. Cohen : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans he has to investigate the value of human tissue as an alternative to both live animal experimentation and experiments with animal tissues.

Mr. Charles Wardle : The Home Office, on the advice of the Animal Procedures Committee, funds research into ways of refining, reducing and replacing the use of living animals in scientific procedures. Applications for funding are considered by the research sub-committee of the APC.


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Police Interview Notes

Mr. Mallon : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department in how many instances in each of the past three years criminal convictions have been referred back to the Court of Appeal following re-examination of the original police interview notes.

Mr. Jack : The re-examination of original police interview notes was a factor in the reference to the Court of Appeal of one case in 1990, four cases in 1991 and three cases in 1992.

Mr. Mallon : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many requests have been made to the police in each of the past three years for the disclosure of original interview notes in cases where criminal charges have been brought ; in how many instances these requests have been denied ; and for what reasons.

Mr. Charles Wardle : This information is not available. Records are not held in a form which would identify such requests.

Prison Service (Supply and Transport)

Sir John Wheeler : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make a statement about the future arrangements for the warehousing and distribution function of the prison service's supply and transport branch.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke : Following the market testing of the warehousing and distribution function, I approved, in July 1992, the award of a contract to a private sector company, subject inter alia to the negotiation of a satisfactory contract. It has not been possible to negotiate such a contract, and the next best bid, which is the in-house bid, now becomes the preferred bid. I have instructed officials to negotiate a service level agreement with the in-house providers. I expect the outcome of this market test to reduce the present costs of this function by about a quarter over three years.

Probation Service

Mr. Michael : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what proportion of the probation service budget in England and Wales was spent on (a) research and information and (b) administration in 1981, 1991 and 1992 respectively.

Mr. Jack [holding answer 19 February 1993] : Probation service expenditure, while broken down, is not done so in such a way as to enable this information to be given.

Probation areas, taking account of both national and local plans and priorities, make their own decisions about expenditure on research and on administration. Much valuable research work as well as essential information work is conducted within probation areas. The number of personnel employed by probation committee in England and Wales as research and information officers and as clerical, secretarial and adminstrative staff was as follows (percentage of total staff in parentheses) :


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                           31 December 1981    31 December         30 Sepember                  

                                     1991<1>                       1992<1>                      

                                    |per cent.          |per cent.          |per cent.          

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Research and information                                                                        

  officers                |n/a      |(n/a)    |63.5     |(0.4)    |66.7     |(0.5)              

Clerical, secretarial and                                                                       

  administrative staff    |<2>3,461 |(29.0)   |4,378    |(30.5)   |4,513    |(30.8)             

<1>Figures are full-time equivalents.                                                           

<2> Includes 947 part-time staff.                                                               

Telephone Sex Lines

Mr. Stephen : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will bring forward proposals to ban sex lines from the public telephone system.

Mr. Leigh : I have been asked to reply.

There is an effective system of regulatory control of these services ; they are obliged to operate under a code of practice drawn up and monitored by the independent committee for the supervision of standards in telephone information services (ICSTIS). The code sets detailed conditions for the content, conditions of access and advertising of the services.

Telephone subscribers also have the opportunity to request call barring, which makes it impossible to call the services from their line. BT provides this facility free of charge.

LORD CHANCELLOR'S DEPARTMENT

High Court Judges

Sir John Wheeler : To ask the Parliamentary Secretary, Lord Chancellor's Department whether additional judges will be appointed to reduce delays in the High Court.

Mr. John M. Taylor : The Lord Chancellor and the Lord Chief Justice have now considered the advice of the group of judges and officials chaired by Lord Justice Kennedy. This is contained in the group's report on High Court judges' work, deployment and numbers, copies of which will be made available to the Libraries of both Houses. As a result of that advice, the Lord Chancellor and I have decided to seek parliamentary and Privy Council approval in the near future to increase the statutory maximum number of judges.


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Subject to that approval, the Lord Chancellor intends as soon as possible to recommend the appointment of 10 additional High Court judges, and he has agreed with the Lord Chief Justice and the Vice-Chancellor that the additional judges will be deployed in such a way as to reduce delays and backlogs in the chancery division, the Court of Appeal criminal division, the Crown Office list, the employment appeal tribunal and the commercial court.

EDUCATION

Market Testing

Mrs. Gorman : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will subject the work of his Department's solicitors branch to market testing ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Boswell : There are no immediate plans to market test the work of the Department's legal branch.

Education Spending

Mr. Clifton-Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will list for each local education authority in England and Wales for each year since 1985 (a) their total spending, (b) their spending per pupil and (c) their spending per pupil at nursery, primary and secondary stages of education.

Mr. Forth : The information for England for parts (a) and (b) is given in table 1, and for part (c) in table 2. Expenditure on schools in Wales is the responsibility of my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Wales. Figures given relate to net institutional expenditure rather than total LEA spending. The tables show spending in cash for years up to 1990-91, the latest year for which information on actual spending is available.


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Table 1                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Net institutional expenditure by each authority in cash terms                                                                                                                                                              

                      1985-86                             1986-87                             1987-88                             1989-90                             1990-91                                              

Local education      |Total expenditure|Unit cost        |Total expenditure|Unit cost        |Total expenditure|Unit cost        |Total expenditure|Unit cost        |Total expenditure|Unit cost                          

authority                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

                     |£000             |£                |£000             |£                |£000             |£                |£000             |£                |£000             |£                                  

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ILEA                 |482,118          |1,740            |528,027          |1,930            |569,987          |2,105            |589,220          |2,170            |-                |-                                  

City                 |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |404              |1,950                              

Camden               |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |39,153           |2,000                              

Greenwich            |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |n.a.             |n.a.                               

Hackney              |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |49,671           |2,165                              

Hammersmith          |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |30,386           |2,225                              

Islington            |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |41,959           |1,995                              

Kensington           |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |21,787           |2,340                              

Lambeth              |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |48,757           |2,020                              

Lewisham             |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |59,568           |1,985                              

Southwark            |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |57,227           |2,015                              

Tower Hamlets        |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |63,056           |2,140                              

Wandsworth           |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |53,440           |2,085                              

Westminster          |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |-                |42,767           |2,715                              

Barking              |26,776           |1,125            |29,712           |1,280            |35,015           |1,540            |37,924           |1,680            |39,698           |1,745                              

Barnet               |49,015           |1,230            |54,540           |1,385            |n.a.             |n.a.             |63,842           |1,620            |65,817           |1,725                              

Bexley               |36,610           |1,110            |40,541           |1,255            |44,502           |1,405            |46,504           |1,490            |49,529           |1,575                              

Brent                |53,388           |1,565            |59,966           |1,785            |67,385           |2,070            |53,184           |1,700            |54,722           |1,760                              

Bromley              |42,833           |1,135            |45,824           |1,255            |53,732           |1,520            |54,615           |1,585            |58,149           |1,710                              

Croydon              |51,199           |1,165            |56,011           |1,300            |62,419           |1,490            |60,556           |1,495            |65,688           |1,630                              

Ealing               |49,429           |1,340            |54,295           |1,470            |n.a.             |n.a.             |63,779           |1,740            |72,405           |1,950                              

Enfield              |41,364           |1,070            |45,570           |1,195            |51,306           |1,365            |54,546           |1,475            |61,690           |1,650                              

Haringey             |43,727           |1,665            |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |53,050           |2,085                              

Harrow               |33,323           |1,265            |37,200           |1,425            |40,580           |1,595            |37,270           |1,455            |43,893           |1,685                              

Havering             |41,578           |1,115            |45,958           |1,260            |49,259           |1,375            |53,471           |1,540            |55,265           |1,605                              

Hillingdon           |37,566           |1,150            |41,376           |1,305            |44,715           |1,440            |49,292           |1,600            |54,172           |1,785                              

Hounslow             |36,381           |1,195            |41,314           |1,370            |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |51,504           |1,695                              

Kingston upon Thames |20,210           |1,155            |22,899           |1,335            |26,008           |1,550            |26,848           |1,635            |28,855           |1,740                              

Merton               |23,494           |1,085            |27,074           |1,290            |28,870           |1,415            |32,566           |1,665            |36,756           |1,855                              

Newham               |48,416           |1,380            |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |n.a.             |60,527           |1,775            |61,648           |1,750                              

Redbridge            |34,910           |1,160            |40,634           |1,360            |43,608           |1,470            |43,559           |1,460            |49,743           |1,625                              

Richmond upon Thames |18,339           |1,160            |20,502           |1,290            |23,866           |1,495            |24,949           |1,545            |27,374           |1,665                              

Sutton               |23,768           |1,075            |26,847           |1,220            |29,949           |1,375            |31,991           |1,470            |34,903           |1,640                              

Waltham Forest       |41,145           |1,315            |47,816           |1,570            |53,595           |1,800            |53,909           |1,855            |57,505           |1,940                              

Birmingham           |165,104          |965              |183,258          |1,085            |202,882          |1,215            |229,519          |1,385            |255,623          |1,550                              

Coventry             |53,838           |1,080            |58,421           |1,205            |63,183           |1,350            |72,625           |1,585            |74,798           |1,625                              

Dudley               |45,203           |955              |51,052           |1,105            |56,396           |1,250            |61,414           |1,395            |66,482           |1,530                              

Sandwell             |55,117           |1,080            |60,145           |1,220            |65,541           |1,360            |75,387           |1,610            |78,611           |1,670                              

Solihull             |33,634           |970              |37,277           |1,100            |40,547           |1,230            |46,411           |1,455            |47,630           |1,495                              

Walsall              |50,264           |1,040            |57,801           |1,235            |62,965           |1,380            |69,559           |1,565            |78,226           |1,755                              

Wolverhampton        |47,754           |1,115            |51,236           |1,230            |n.a.             |n.a.             |61,207           |1,585            |60,864           |1,600                              

Knowsley             |33,677           |1,170            |37,470           |1,350            |40,288           |1,505            |40,276           |1,550            |42,469           |1,640                              

Liverpool            |87,258           |1,090            |96,249           |1,240            |106,700          |1,405            |116,414          |1,550            |122,992          |1,645                              

St. Helens           |33,622           |1,025            |37,290           |1,180            |39,794           |1,305            |44,515           |1,515            |43,400           |1,485                              

Sefton               |44,552           |950              |48,301           |1,050            |53,768           |1,200            |60,391           |1,365            |66,145           |1,495                              

Wirral               |50,343           |950              |55,804           |1,075            |61,991           |1,220            |77,424           |1,535            |81,495           |1,605                              

Bolton               |42,845           |945              |46,272           |1,040            |51,073           |1,170            |59,775           |1,400            |62,904           |1,490                              

Bury                 |29,184           |1,070            |31,907           |1,190            |36,808           |1,420            |37,444           |1,455            |36,181           |1,395                              

Manchester           |84,857           |1,210            |94,449           |1,375            |97,711           |1,445            |n.a.             |n.a.             |105,937          |1,555                              

Oldham               |37,578           |980              |40,900           |1,080            |46,381           |1,240            |55,698           |1,480            |60,531           |1,585                              

Rochdale             |39,018           |1,070            |42,330           |1,190            |46,030           |1,320            |52,629           |1,540            |52,044           |1,545                              

Salford              |39,847           |1,025            |42,986           |1,140            |n.a.             |n.a.             |54,788           |1,555            |55,280           |1,560                              

Stockport            |43,162           |955              |46,910           |1,065            |53,082           |1,230            |59,360           |1,420            |65,138           |1,555                              

Tameside             |36,895           |1,020            |40,778           |1,150            |44,788           |1,280            |50,316           |1,450            |52,880           |1,545                              

Trafford             |32,596           |1,085            |34,473           |1,180            |41,355           |1,460            |39,936           |1,440            |42,322           |1,480                              

Wigan                |57,426           |1,060            |62,992           |1,195            |68,937           |1,345            |73,622           |1,480            |75,447           |1,530                              

Barnsley             |38,719           |1,050            |41,894           |1,175            |44,561           |1,295            |47,037           |1,420            |46,181           |1,425                              

Doncaster            |51,584           |1,040            |55,982           |1,155            |60,802           |1,285            |70,245           |1,495            |68,574           |1,445                              

Rotherham            |42,493           |955              |48,080           |1,110            |53,063           |1,260            |61,045           |1,490            |63,539           |1,500                              

Sheffield            |88,573           |1,140            |95,472           |1,285            |n/a              |n/a              |103,507          |1,545            |108,538          |1,625                              

Bradford             |85,613           |1,050            |93,442           |1,155            |105,138          |1,315            |117,446          |1,470            |125,563          |1,560                              

Calderdale           |32,781           |1,000            |38,840           |1,215            |38,312           |1,220            |42,109           |1,355            |51,005           |1,645                              

Kirklees             |62,214           |960              |68,247           |1,085            |74,720           |1,220            |86,726           |1,455            |88,646           |1,510                              

Leeds                |108,699          |990              |121,473          |1,135            |133,273          |1,280            |151,542          |1,485            |164,826          |1,620                              

Wakefield            |51,312           |1,015            |56,103           |1,145            |62,253           |1,300            |n/a              |n/a              |73,424           |1,560                              

Gateshead            |33,484           |1,065            |37,012           |1,205            |39,670           |1,335            |43,298           |1,495            |46,716           |1,620                              

Newcastle upon Tyne  |46,879           |1,185            |51,603           |1,325            |57,085           |1,480            |61,188           |1,605            |63,867           |1,665                              

North Tyneside       |35,912           |1,165            |39,717           |1,305            |43,111           |1,445            |n/a              |n/a              |48,216           |1,620                              

South Tyneside       |26,597           |1,070            |29,166           |1,200            |31,160           |1,310            |36,255           |1,545            |37,239           |1,570                              

Sunderland           |50,284           |970              |53,995           |1,065            |59,249           |1,200            |67,901           |1,425            |70,108           |1,480                              

Avon                 |135,806          |1,000            |147,269          |1,105            |159,839          |1,220            |185,292          |1,455            |191,994          |1,495                              

Bedfordshire         |88,611           |1,055            |95,169           |1,140            |109,451          |1,330            |125,627          |1,545            |129,417          |1,590                              

Berkshire            |109,356          |1,015            |118,121          |1,105            |n/a              |n/a              |142,077          |1,380            |157,303          |1,530                              

Buckinghamshire      |96,537           |1,010            |109,085          |1,155            |121,396          |1,305            |129,622          |1,420            |138,582          |1,530                              

Cambridgeshire       |91,610           |955              |102,699          |1,075            |113,646          |1,190            |131,166          |1,335            |142,488          |1,475                              

Cheshire             |150,018          |985              |162,800          |1,070            |180,605          |1,195            |201,300          |1,335            |218,270          |1,470                              

Cleveland            |99,190           |990              |110,174          |1,120            |118,866          |1,230            |139,878          |1,465            |149,885          |1,535                              

Cornwall             |62,409           |920              |69,369           |1,030            |77,917           |1,165            |90,492           |1,355            |96,044           |1,445                              

Cumbria              |76,705           |1,005            |87,501           |1,170            |97,354           |1,325            |109,071          |1,515            |114,803          |1,595                              

Derbyshire           |143,594          |995              |160,141          |1,130            |178,059          |1,285            |210,905          |1,545            |218,707          |1,630                              

Devon                |126,373          |960              |139,303          |1,065            |154,563          |1,190            |175,376          |1,355            |197,169          |1,520                              

Dorset               |77,445           |965              |86,996           |1,095            |95,122           |1,195            |108,507          |1,370            |118,208          |1,500                              

Durham               |96,436           |995              |104,931          |1,105            |115,206          |1,245            |130,096          |1,430            |139,024          |1,530                              

East Sussex          |77,377           |960              |85,933           |1,070            |95,653           |1,205            |110,587          |1,400            |119,707          |1,500                              

Essex                |226,340          |975              |249,563          |1,090            |276,336          |1,230            |313,949          |1,445            |319,631          |1,480                              

Gloucestershire      |72,694           |955              |81,405           |1,085            |93,346           |1,260            |102,195          |1,400            |104,605          |1,470                              

Hampshire            |201,084          |925              |224,402          |1,050            |250,945          |1,195            |287,806          |1,395            |301,984          |1,460                              

Herefordshire        |96,338           |985              |104,815          |1,085            |116,119          |1,220            |130,655          |1,395            |142,325          |1,520                              

Hertfordshire        |157,356          |1,030            |173,344          |1,155            |187,505          |1,275            |220,368          |1,545            |234,711          |1,665                              

Humberside           |148,186          |1,040            |159,796          |1,140            |173,137          |1,265            |200,568          |1,480            |204,631          |1,510                              

Isle of Wight        |16,966           |995              |18,500           |1,100            |20,845           |1,250            |23,767           |1,395            |25,595           |1,505                              

Kent                 |206,786          |915              |225,181          |1,015            |247,234          |1,135            |274,142          |1,275            |296,367          |1,385                              

Lancashire           |204,696          |945              |223,480          |1,050            |251,072          |1,200            |287,430          |1,380            |311,867          |1,510                              

Leicestershire       |145,523          |1,045            |161,113          |1,175            |175,441          |1,290            |202,552          |1,500            |219,144          |1,620                              

Lincolnshire         |84,034           |985              |92,651           |1,105            |98,856           |1,195            |109,036          |1,340            |113,022          |1,420                              

Norfolk              |102,002          |975              |112,461          |1,085            |130,457          |1,280            |142,067          |1,425            |150,766          |1,520                              

North Yorkshire      |101,974          |1,015            |111,035          |1,115            |119,621          |1,220            |135,552          |1,390            |150,114          |1,545                              

Northamptonshire     |90,857           |970              |100,242          |1,075            |108,385          |1,170            |126,367          |1,375            |130,725          |1,435                              

Northumberland       |49,173           |1,005            |54,566           |1,130            |60,467           |1,270            |68,737           |1,450            |75,540           |1,585                              

Nottinghamshire      |165,415          |1,065            |178,866          |1,180            |193,205          |1,310            |226,020          |1,560            |246,811          |1,700                              

Oxfordshire          |80,132           |1,060            |88,075           |1,190            |98,054           |1,350            |106,067          |1,490            |123,693          |1,740                              

Shropshire           |63,439           |1,005            |70,550           |1,135            |79,220           |1,295            |88,530           |1,470            |97,605           |1,635                              

Somerset             |60,863           |955              |67,956           |1,075            |76,163           |1,220            |86,708           |1,420            |91,002           |1,485                              

Staffordshire        |168,484          |1,015            |180,305          |1,115            |197,123          |1,245            |223,459          |1,435            |238,846          |1,525                              

Suffolk              |88,665           |965              |96,355           |1,065            |104,760          |1,175            |130,200          |1,495            |134,806          |1,550                              

Surrey               |124,655          |985              |136,052          |1,100            |150,040          |1,240            |161,194          |1,340            |178,779          |1,550                              

Warwickshire         |71,032           |950              |76,996           |1,055            |84,769           |1,185            |94,908           |1,370            |100,175          |1,455                              

West Sussex          |84,553           |920              |95,115           |1,045            |105,155          |1,170            |124,107          |1,410            |133,638          |1,505                              

Wiltshire            |76,968           |955              |86,049           |1,090            |93,402           |1,200            |105,013          |1,375            |114,914          |1,505                              

Table 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

Net institutional expenditure per pupil (cash terms)                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                      1985-86                                         1986-87                                         1987-88                         1988-89                         1989-90                         1990-91                                        

Local education      |NUR            |PRI            |SEC            |NUR            |PRI            |SEC            |N/P            |SEC            |N/P            |SEC            |N/P            |SEC            |N/P            |SEC                            

authority                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ILEA                 |2,505          |1,315          |2,085          |2,455          |1,460          |2,345          |1,585          |2,610          |1,605          |2,505          |1,835          |2,725          |-              |-                              

City                 |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,950          |0                              

Camden               |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,710          |2,290                          

Greenwich            |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |n/a            |n/a                            

Hackney              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,900          |2,710                          

Hammersmith          |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,970          |2,665                          

Islington            |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,765          |2,440                          

Kensington           |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |2,060          |2,905                          

Lambeth              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,840          |2,585                          

Lewisham             |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,715          |2,430                          

Southwark            |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,850          |2,350                          

Tower Hamlets        |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,940          |2,490                          

Wandsworth           |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |1,820          |2,520                          

Westminster          |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |-              |2,310          |3,220                          

Barking              |n/a            |915            |1,260          |n/a            |1,010          |1,470          |1,155          |1,745          |1,255          |1,970          |1,360          |2,200          |1,420          |2,270                          

Barnet               |1,320          |930            |1,330          |1,275          |1,060          |1,510          |1,195          |1,675          |1,250          |1,820          |1,370          |1,925          |1,495          |2,040                          

Bexley               |1,015          |815            |1,195          |1,250          |915            |1,370          |1,030          |1,530          |1,100          |1,685          |1,215          |1,820          |1,260          |1,965                          

Brent                |2,145          |1,025          |1,590          |2,220          |1,105          |1,805          |1,305          |2,195          |1,375          |2,305          |1,425          |2,225          |1,550          |2,915                          

Bromley              |n/a            |855            |1,255          |n/a            |925            |1,420          |1,070          |1,645          |1,165          |1,770          |1,290          |1,955          |1,375          |2,150                          

Croydon              |1,165          |865            |1,355          |1,340          |935            |1,535          |1,040          |1,825          |1,180          |2,040          |1,200          |1,935          |1,380          |2,015                          

Ealing               |1,580          |1,050          |1,460          |1,720          |1,135          |1,650          |n/a            |n/a            |1,385          |2,145          |1,485          |2,345          |1,690          |2,575                          

Enfield              |n/a            |775            |1,245          |n/a            |890            |1,380          |1,005          |1,580          |1,110          |1,715          |1,220          |1,815          |1,385          |2,015                          

Haringey             |910            |1,160          |1,710          |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |1,840          |2,590                          

Harrow               |n/a            |875            |1,340          |n/a            |1,020          |1,600          |1,070          |1,775          |1,115          |1,740          |1,230          |1,975          |1,435          |2,270                          

Havering             |n/a            |825            |1,325          |n/a            |905            |1,510          |1,005          |1,670          |1,095          |1,860          |1,155          |1,990          |1,240          |2,035                          

Hillingdon           |945            |895            |1,315          |1,375          |1,000          |1,520          |1,075          |1,675          |1,195          |1,870          |1,305          |2,005          |1,465          |2,250                          

Hounslow             |n/a            |955            |1,290          |n/a            |1,065          |1,505          |1,175          |1,675          |1,270          |1,895          |n/a            |n/a            |1,440          |2,060                          

Kingston upon Thames |1,270          |825            |1,325          |1,385          |915            |1,530          |1,055          |1,720          |1,175          |1,905          |1,265          |2,120          |1,400          |2,195                          

Merton               |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |1,835          |950            |1,325          |1,020          |1,470          |1,210          |1,660          |1,345          |1,925          |1,755          |1,990                          

Newham               |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |1,205          |1,880          |1,360          |2,140          |1,445          |2,310          |1,415          |2,330                          

Redbridge            |n/a            |835            |1,290          |n/a            |935            |1,465          |990            |1,600          |1,070          |1,735          |1,150          |1,855          |1,290          |2,065                          

Richmond upon Thames |1,215          |900            |1,200          |1,250          |1,000          |1,330          |1,075          |1,475          |1,180          |1,645          |1,375          |1,790          |1,470          |1,935                          

Sutton               |1,235          |750            |1,135          |1,410          |855            |1,300          |980            |1,420          |1,090          |1,630          |1,215          |1,750          |1,320          |2,035                          

Waltham Forest       |1,590          |980            |1,540          |1,600          |1,095          |1,915          |1,235          |2,345          |1,250          |2,435          |1,430          |2,490          |1,510          |2,600                          

Birmingham           |1,225          |745            |1,175          |1,175          |835            |1,345          |940            |1,490          |1,040          |1,640          |1,130          |1,800          |1,265          |2,050                          

Coventry             |730            |850            |1,310          |1,225          |910            |1,485          |990            |1,705          |1,065          |1,940          |1,195          |2,180          |1,220          |2,265                          

Dudley               |1,520          |735            |1,125          |1,850          |830            |1,350          |915            |1,570          |1,020          |1,840          |1,085          |1,915          |1,225          |2,085                          

Sandwell             |875            |875            |1,230          |1,270          |960            |1,410          |1,055          |1,630          |1,175          |1,885          |1,275          |2,120          |1,325          |2,200                          

Solihull             |n/a            |755            |1,115          |n/a            |845            |1,280          |925            |1,450          |1,040          |1,650          |1,160          |1,835          |1,180          |1,915                          

Walsall              |1,065          |830            |1,185          |1,235          |970            |1,430          |1,080          |1,645          |1,200          |1,885          |1,255          |1,995          |1,460          |2,185                          

Wolverhampton        |920            |920            |1,225          |1,065          |985            |1,395          |1,070          |1,575          |1,190          |1,745          |1,320          |1,970          |1,320          |2,035                          

Knowsley             |n/a            |845            |1,320          |n/a            |960            |1,515          |1,050          |1,735          |1,165          |1,990          |1,235          |2.105          |1,340          |2,210                          

Liverpool            |1,350          |875            |1,250          |1,440          |980            |1,445          |1,105          |1,730          |1,150          |1,905          |1,225          |2,060          |1,285          |2,250                          

St. Helens           |1,385          |770            |1,150          |1,510          |860            |1,340          |965            |1,505          |1,050          |1,710          |1,170          |1,965          |1,155          |1,920                          

Sefton               |1,120          |740            |1,125          |1,220          |800            |1,275          |930            |1,460          |1,015          |1,600          |1,110          |1,715          |1,200          |1,900                          

Wirral               |1,535          |720            |1,125          |1,795          |815            |1,280          |920            |1,480          |1,070          |1,750          |1,225          |1,970          |1,275          |2,080                          

Bolton               |1,090          |720            |1,115          |1,220          |780            |1,230          |890            |1,425          |1,015          |1,635          |1,130          |1,795          |1,195          |1,950                          

Bury                 |1,270          |715            |1,175          |1,315          |795            |1,340          |1,045          |1,515          |1,080          |1,730          |1,190          |1,860          |1,165          |1,755                          

Manchester           |1,665          |905            |1,425          |1,990          |1,020          |1,660          |1,095          |1,785          |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |1,285          |2,060                          

Oldham               |n/a            |815            |1,095          |n/a            |870            |1,255          |1,005          |1,395          |1,125          |1,590          |1,295          |1,760          |1,360          |1,920                          

Rochdale             |1,280          |795            |1,275          |1,375          |850            |1,460          |940            |1,650          |990            |1,695          |1,170          |2,050          |1,185          |2,165                          

Salford              |1,350          |790            |1,200          |1,555          |840            |1,385          |985            |1,625          |1,085          |1,860          |1,200          |2,140          |1,230          |2,145                          

Stockport            |1,215          |740            |1,115          |1,265          |805            |1,270          |935            |1,500          |1,035          |1,730          |1,095          |1,860          |1,230          |2,015                          

Tameside             |1,500          |815            |1,160          |1,735          |910            |1,325          |995            |1,525          |1,115          |1,660          |1,235          |1,770          |1,300          |1,940                          

Trafford             |n/a            |735            |1,140          |n/a            |855            |1,315          |965            |1,525          |1,050          |1,710          |1,130          |1,920          |1,145          |2,030                          

Wigan                |695            |785            |1,230          |1,295          |860            |1,460          |955            |1,675          |1,025          |1,850          |1,090          |2,000          |1,135          |2,070                          

Barnsley             |1,330          |865            |1,165          |1,285          |925            |1,325          |985            |1,470          |1,065          |1,645          |1,145          |1,795          |1,210          |1,770                          

Doncaster            |n/a            |870            |1,145          |n/a            |980            |1,325          |1,045          |1,500          |1,175          |1,655          |1,255          |1,805          |1,205          |1,765                          

Rotherham            |1,040          |800            |1,070          |1,115          |890            |1,230          |1,050          |1,440          |1,125          |1,635          |1,245          |1,810          |1,285          |1,910                          

Sheffield            |1,520          |980            |1,260          |1,645          |1,060          |1,490          |n/a            |n/a            |1,230          |1,810          |1,315          |1,920          |1,365          |2,085                          

Bradford             |1,585          |850            |1,085          |1,730          |945            |1,235          |1,060          |1,410          |1,160          |1,605          |1,275          |1,635          |1,410          |1,685                          

Calderdale           |1,265          |800            |1,110          |1,420          |895            |1,330          |950            |1,440          |1,145          |1,665          |1,140          |1,665          |1,395          |2,010                          

Kirklees             |1,020          |785            |1,055          |1,225          |875            |1,250          |985            |1,415          |1,110          |1,620          |1,205          |1,765          |1,250          |1,860                          

Leeds                |1,085          |795            |1,060          |1,270          |905            |1,230          |1,030          |1,370          |1,155          |1,545          |1,255          |1,715          |1,375          |1,860                          

Wakefield            |1,540          |875            |1,090          |1,450          |955            |1,290          |1,070          |1,495          |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a            |n/a                            

Gateshead            |1,475          |900            |1,185          |1,655          |980            |1,360          |1,080          |1,560          |1,180          |1,770          |1,245          |1,865          |1,340          |2,030                          

Newcastle upon Tyne  |1,325          |930            |1,345          |1,615          |1,020          |1,530          |1,140          |1,725          |1,225          |1,870          |1,320          |1,980          |1,475          |1,925                          

North Tyneside       |1,110          |900            |1,295          |1,205          |995            |1,455          |1,090          |1,660          |1,145          |1,785          |n/a            |n/a            |1,320          |1,930                          

South Tyneside       |1,245          |865            |1,255          |1,265          |965            |1,430          |1,060          |1,585          |1,150          |1,825          |1,255          |2,010          |1,265          |2,085                          

Sunderland           |1,235          |775            |1,150          |1,335          |855            |1,305          |925            |1,505          |1,005          |1,670          |1,155          |1,845          |1,240          |1,865                          

Avon                 |1,170          |780            |1,160          |1,285          |850            |1,310          |975            |1,435          |1,050          |1,630          |1,195          |1,795          |1,250          |1,860                          

Bedfordshire         |1,195          |815            |1,140          |1,195          |875            |1,250          |1,030          |1,455          |1,115          |1,635          |1,240          |1,815          |1,325          |1,830                          

Berkshire            |1,275          |790            |1,150          |1,395          |845            |1,280          |n/a            |n/a            |1,030          |1,570          |1,105          |1,735          |1,265          |1,875                          

Buckinghamshire      |1,090          |755            |1,140          |1,270          |845            |1,320          |970            |1,505          |1,065          |1,715          |1,170          |1,850          |1,285          |1,990                          

Cambridgeshire       |1,300          |730            |1,040          |1,430          |815            |1,205          |910            |1,315          |1,005          |1,480          |1,115          |1,640          |1,215          |1,845                          

Cheshire             |1,100          |760            |1,090          |1,220          |810            |1,235          |900            |1,390          |960            |1,545          |1,050          |1,715          |1,180          |1,865                          

Cleveland            |1,070          |795            |1,175          |1,115          |890            |1,355          |970            |1,545          |1,075          |1,770          |1,150          |1,915          |1,210          |2,035                          

Cornwall             |1,000          |710            |1,045          |1,290          |795            |1,175          |900            |1,345          |1,010          |1,525          |1,095          |1,690          |1,170          |1,810                          

Cumbria              |1,340          |775            |1,095          |1,490          |915            |1,315          |1,060          |1,510          |1,140          |1,685          |1,265          |1,845          |1,305          |1,990                          

Derbyshire           |1,225          |780            |1,125          |1,410          |875            |1,305          |990            |1,530          |1,080          |1,755          |1,235          |1,975          |1,335          |2,060                          

Devon                |940            |725            |1,095          |1,020          |800            |1,225          |905            |1,380          |975            |1,535          |1,095          |1,705          |1,255          |1,890                          

Dorset               |n/a            |770            |1,030          |n/a            |870            |1,190          |950            |1,320          |1,020          |1,490          |1,120          |1,630          |1,245          |1,770                          

Durham               |1,280          |825            |1,095          |1,460          |920            |1,225          |1,050          |1,405          |1,130          |1,575          |1,225          |1,735          |1,320          |1,845                          

East Sussex          |1,190          |760            |1,085          |1,355          |825            |1,235          |930            |1,385          |1,025          |1,565          |1,125          |1,765          |1,215          |1,890                          

Essex                |1,215          |730            |1,115          |1,360          |820            |1,255          |920            |1,420          |1,050          |1,635          |1,150          |1,800          |1,180          |1,850                          

Gloucestershire      |n/a            |740            |1,095          |n/a            |835            |1,260          |935            |1,385          |1,010          |1,545          |1,140          |1,735          |1,175          |1,875                          

Hampshire            |1,070          |730            |1,065          |1,220          |825            |1,220          |950            |1,405          |1,040          |1,580          |1,125          |1,790          |1,190          |1,880                          

Herefordshire        |n/a            |745            |1,060          |n/a            |815            |1,180          |930            |1,330          |1,000          |1,440          |1,145          |1,635          |1,280          |1,760                          

Hertfordshire        |1,335          |780            |1,180          |1,485          |870            |1,350          |975            |1,490          |1,130          |1,740          |1,245          |1,900          |1,335          |2,065                          

Humberside           |1,080          |865            |1,125          |2,520          |915            |1,270          |995            |1,460          |1,155          |1,690          |1,265          |1,765          |1,240          |1,870                          

Isle of Wight        |n/a            |730            |1,030          |n/a            |785            |1,150          |935            |1,350          |1,055          |1,495          |1,120          |1,575          |1,210          |1,710                          

Kent                 |1,400          |695            |1,015          |1,575          |760            |1,145          |855            |1,290          |935            |1,475          |1,030          |1,565          |1,085          |1,750                          

Lancashire           |1,275          |720            |1,095          |1,405          |780            |1,255          |890            |1,450          |985            |1,620          |1,090          |1,810          |1,265          |1,885                          

Leicestershire       |1,430          |805            |1,205          |1,270          |885            |1,390          |960            |1,565          |1,085          |1,770          |1,180          |1,900          |1,275          |2,065                          

Lincolnshire         |1,070          |720            |1,025          |1,205          |795            |1,185          |900            |1,280          |1,005          |1,505          |1,110          |1,630          |1,150          |1,800                          

Norfolk              |1,225          |760            |1,095          |1,235          |850            |1,230          |955            |1,385          |1,070          |1,585          |1,160          |1,810          |1,255          |1,930                          

North Yorkshire      |1,255          |775            |1,110          |1,305          |850            |1,240          |915            |1,375          |1,030          |1,595          |1,100          |1,760          |1,230          |1,945                          

Northamptonshire     |1,130          |740            |1,110          |1,280          |815            |1,250          |885            |1,375          |1,005          |1,545          |1,095          |1,685          |1,170          |1,730                          

Northumberland       |1,995          |755            |1,075          |2,420          |840            |1,230          |945            |1,390          |1,090          |1,630          |1,175          |1,645          |1,300          |1,785                          

Nottinghamshire      |1,400          |840            |1,220          |1,505          |935            |1,365          |1,020          |1,540          |1,115          |1,745          |1,255          |1,960          |1,355          |2,170                          

Oxfordshire          |1,060          |815            |1,190          |1,290          |905            |1,350          |1,035          |1,560          |1,125          |1,660          |1,205          |1,810          |1,470          |2,055                          

Shropshire           |1,265          |765            |1,125          |1,410          |850            |1,285          |945            |1,470          |1,075          |1,690          |1,160          |1,855          |1,310          |2,055                          

Somerset             |n/a            |700            |1,040          |n/a            |780            |1,195          |900            |1,355          |1,025          |1,570          |1,145          |1,745          |1,220          |1,815                          

Staffordshire        |1,060          |815            |1,125          |1,165          |880            |1,255          |980            |1,420          |1,050          |1,610          |1,155          |1,790          |1,260          |1,875                          

Suffolk              |980            |770            |1,030          |1,165          |830            |1,165          |910            |1,305          |1,020          |1,485          |1,120          |1,820          |1,175          |1,875                          

Surrey               |1,365          |730            |1,110          |1,420          |820            |1,260          |905            |1,415          |1,050          |1,635          |1,140          |1,675          |1,260          |2,045                          

Warwickshire         |1,145          |765            |1,085          |1,240          |845            |1,220          |940            |1,400          |1,025          |1,635          |1,140          |1,675          |1,220          |1,875                          

West Sussex          |1,015          |705            |1,060          |990            |785            |1,220          |890            |1,360          |1,005          |1,530          |1,145          |1,745          |1,250          |1,830                          

Wiltshire            |n/a            |745            |1,055          |n/a            |850            |1,230          |940            |1,350          |1,045          |1,555          |1,125          |1,700          |1,270          |1,820                          

Notes:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

1. Net institutional expenditure covers the direct costs in schools of salaries and wages, premises and certain supplies and services. It does not include the costs of school meals, home to school transport, LEA central administration, and financing costs of   

capital expenditure. For 1990-91, figures include unspent balances held by schools at the year end under local management of schools schemes.                                                                                                                        

2. Table 1 omits data for 1988-89 because comparable figures are not available.                                                                                                                                                                                      

3. Figures in both tables up to 1989-90 are from the Cipfa publication "Education Statistics Actuals incorporating The Handbook of Unit Cost" for each relevant year. For 1990-91, figures are derived directly from local education authorities' returns of their   

spending to the Department of the Environment and of their pupil numbers to the Department for Education.                                                                                                                                                            

4. Spending on nursery and primary schools was not collected separately for years after 1986-87.                                                                                                                                                                     


Column 297

TRANSPORT

Road Schemes

Mr. Simon Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list those road schemes currently proposed by his Department which will have effects on (a) sites of special interest, (b) areas of outstanding natural beauty and (c) national parks ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Kenneth Carlisle : We place great emphasis on environmental considerations when assessing road proposals. Wherever possible roads are kept away from protected areas such as sites of special scientific interest, areas of outstanding natural beauty, and national parks. We consult statutory environmental organisations from the earliest stages of route development to ensure that impacts on protected areas, where unavoidable, are limited, and appropriate mitigation measures put in place, including the creation of new habitats.

The following lists are confined to schemes for which preferred routes have been announced, but have not reached construction stage. Proposals for road schemes which would affect sites of special scientific interest are :

M1-A1 link (Lofthouse--Bramham)

M6 junctions 30--32

M25 junctions 12--15 (link roads)

M66 Denton--Middleton

A1 (M) Redhouse--Ferrybridge

A1 (M)Ferrybridge--Hook Moor

A2/A282 Dartford improvements

A3 Hindhead improvements (preferred route under review) A5 Dunstable bypass

A6 Clapham bypass

A10 Wadesmill and Colliers End bypass

A10/A47 A134 to Hardwick roundabout

A13 Thames avenue--Wennington

A17 Leadenham--Sleaford improvements

A30 Shallowater hill improvement

A30/A39 Indian Queens/Fraddon bypass

A34 Newbury bypass

A35 Chideock--Morcombelake bypass

A43 Geddington bypass

A45 Stonebridge grade separated junction

A49/A465 Hereford bypass

A64 York bypass--Malton bypass

A65 Hellifield--Long Preston bypass

A120 Stansted--Braintree

A259 Bexhill and Hastings western bypass

A259 Dymchurch--M20 (junction 11)

A259 Pevensey--Bexhill improvement

A259 Rye bypass

A303 Wylye--Stockton Wood

A406 East London river crossing

A585 Norcross--M55 link

A650 Airedale Route (Crossflatts--Cottingley Bar)

Birmingham northern relief road

Kidderminster, Blakedown and Hagley bypass

Proposals for road schemes which would affect areas of outstanding natural beauty are :

M20 junctions 3-5

M25 junctions 12-15 (link roads)

M25 widening junctions 16-23

A3 Hindhead improvement (preferred route under review)

A4/A46 Batheaston/Swainswick bypass

A5 Dunstable bypass

A16 Fotherby bypass

A16 Partney bypass

A21 Lamberhurst bypass

A21 Tonbridge-Pembury

A21 Kippings Cross-Lamberhurst

A23 Handcross-Warninglid improvement

A27 Patching junction


Column 298

A27 Worthing-Lancing improvement

A30 Marsh-Honiton

A30 Shallowater hill improvement

A34 Newbury bypass

A34 (A34/M4 junction 13) improvement

A35 Chideock-Morecombelake bypass

A36 Codford-Heytesbury

A39 Allins-South Penlean

A40 Witney bypass-Sturt Farm improvement

A41 Aston Clinton bypass

A46 Upper Swainswick-Pennsylvania

A64 York bypass-Malton bypass

A65 Ilkley bypass

A66 Stainmore-Banksgate

A259 Winchelsea bypass

A259 Dymchurch-M20 (junction 11)

A259 Hastings eastern bypass

A303 Ilminster-Marsh

A303 Wylye-Stockton Wood

A417 Brockworth bypass

A417 Cirencester-Stratton bypass

A417 North of Stratton-Nettleton

Proposals for road schemes which would affect national parks are :

A65 Gargrave bypass

A65 Hellifield-Long Preston bypass

A616/A628 Salters Brook-Stockbridge


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