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Written Answers to Questions

Tuesday 9 March 1993

LORD CHANCELLOR'S DEPARTMENT

Court Procedure

Mr. Robert Banks : To ask the Parliamentary Secretary, Lord Chancellor's Department what consideration has been given to the setting up of a royal commission to investigate the operation of the courts.

Mr. John M. Taylor : No consideration has been given to the setting up of a royal commission to investigate the operation of the courts. The operation of the criminal courts comes within the remit of the Royal Commission on Criminal Justice which was established in 1991 to examine the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in England and Wales. The royal commission's report is expected in June.

Legal Aid

Mr. Robert Banks : To ask the Parliamentary Secretary, Lord Chancellor's Department what is the amount of legal aid paid in each year since 1982, adjusted for inflation.

Mr. John M. Taylor : Net expenditure on legal aid in each year since 1982 at 1992-93 cash prices, was as follows :


          |£ million          

------------------------------

1982-83   |374                

1983-84   |394                

1984-85   |433                

1985-86   |479                

1986-87   |527                

1987-88   |597                

1988-89   |609                

1989-90   |679                

1990-91   |760                

1991-92   |945                

Latest forecasts indicate net expenditure for the current financial year will amount to £1,122 million.

Child Residence Orders

Mr. David Nicholson : To ask the Parliamentary Secretary, Lord Chancellor's Department how many shared residence orders have been granted since the Children Act 1989 was implemented ; and how many sole residence orders have been granted to (a) mothers and (b) fathers.

Mr. John M. Taylor : This information is not available and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.


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TRANSPORT

Plutonium Nitrate

Ms. Walley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will extend the scope of the interim measures following the MV Braer incident to include the shipment of plutonium nitrate in United Kingdom coastal waters.

Mr. Norris : The extension of these measures to this transport is not necessary. Plutonium nitrate solution is transported in packages designed to withstand the effects of severe maritime accidents.

Mr. Simon Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) what assessment he makes of the risk to the environment from the result of a shipping/transport accident involving plutonium and breach of container ;

(2) what measures have been taken to protect the environment in the event of a transport accident involving plutonium ;

(3) what assessments have been made of the arrangements for preventing a casualty such as the Braer, or mitigating the effects of such a casualty, with a ship carrying plutonium nitrate.

Mr. Norris : A safety assessment of the combined road and sea transport operation for plutonium nitrate was carried out in 1978 by the nuclear installations inspectorate. The report of this assessment was placed in the House of Commons Library on 5 March 1980. It concluded that the probability of an accident severe enough to breach the container was no more than one in a million per year and the chances of an individual death from such a cause was no more than one in 100 million per year. A further assessment in 1984 confirmed these findings.

With oil tankers, the protection of the cargo lies in the ship, whereas with movements of radioactive material the protection lies in the strength of the packages which have been subject to extensive tests.

Mr. Simon Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what surveys have been conducted as to the readiness of coastal protection services to cope with a shipping accident involving plutonium.

Mr. Norris : National, local and industrial contingency plans exist to deal with accidents involving the transportation of radioactive materials at sea. These plans are reviewed and exercised.

Crew Training

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list what type of training is available for ship owners who apply to the European Community crew training scheme ; if it conforms to the International Maritime Organisation's criteria ; how much funding is currently available ; how ship owners can apply for these funds ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Norris : The European Commissioner for Transport has put forward proposals for improving maritime safety and these include minimum standards of training for crews employed in ships registered within the Community and a suggestion that Community funds might be used to assist nautical training institutions and


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EC shipowners who provide on-board training but these are still in a tentative form. These will be discussed in future meetings of the Council of Ministers.

Speed Cameras

Mr. David Marshall : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what has been the effect of the west London experiment with speed cameras in terms of savings in casualties and casualty costs.

Mr. Norris : Use of the cameras began on 15 October 1992 ; initial monitoring by the Transport Research Laboratory indicates that mean speeds have been reduced by more than 10 per cent. and that casualties also show a very encouraging downward trend. Monitoring will continue and it should be possible to give more information when statistically significant data are available.

Road Improvements, Westminster

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his answer of 3 March, Official Report, column 143, if he will list the location, cost and duration of the local road improvement schemes funded by his Department in the City of Westminster since 1979.

Mr. Norris : Between the years 1979 and 1986, road improvement schemes in the city of Westminster were the responsibility of the Greater London council or Westminster city council. The information on schemes during this period is not readily available and can only be provided at disproportionate cost. Since 1986 local roads have been the sole responsibility of Westminster city council. The following amounts of expenditure have been accepted for transport supplementary grant for the relevant financial years :--


          |£ million          

------------------------------

1986-87   |1.016              

1987-88   |0.766              

1988-89   |1.070              

1989-90   |1.800              

1990-91   |1.384              

1991-92   |2.742              

1992-93   |5.852              

One major scheme, costing more than £1 million in total, is included in these figures. This is the A404 Harrow Road/Ladbroke Grove widening scheme being carried out jointly by Westminster council and the Royal borough of Kensington and Chelsea. The following amounts of expenditure have been accepted for this scheme in Westminster for the relevant financial years :--


          |£ million          

------------------------------

1986-87   |0.700              

1987-88   |0.434              

1988-89   |0.650              

1989-90   |1.300              

1990-91   |0.922              

1991-92   |0.855              

1992-93   |1.015              

The start of this scheme has been delayed. Grant has been paid in anticipation of an earlier start date. The likely duration of the scheme is six years.


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Other expenditure accepted for TSG support was for various minor works, under £1 million in total cost. These are paid as a block grant and are not scheme specific. Details of such schemes are not readily available.

Ferries (Sewage)

Ms. Walley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his answer of 2 March, Official Report, column 67, if he will require all ferries operating out of United Kingdom ports to comply with United Kingdom regulations on the installation and operation of ships' sewage systems.

Mr. Norris : Agreement at the International Maritime Organisation will enable provision to be made for international requirements for sewage systems on passenger vessels. The United Kingdom will introduce the appropriate merchant shipping legislation to give these requirements full effect.

M1-M62 Link Road

Mrs. Ann Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimates he has made of the likely increase in traffic flow between junctions 38 and 39 of the M1 motorway resulting from the construction of an M1/M62 link road ; and what estimate has been made of the cost of widening the M1 to four lanes between these junctions.

Mr. Kenneth Carlisle : Construction of a new M1/M62 link road would affect traffic flows on the M1 and M62 motorways, the extent depending upon the route chosen. These effects are being taken into account as part of the assessment following public consultation last year.

The route options for this link road could affect traffic on the M1, between junctions 38 and 39, from between an increase of about 8,000 to a decrease of about 31,000 vehicles per day, using a theoretical opening year of 2000. Widening to dual-four lanes for the whole length between these junctions, which traffic would in any case justify if the link road was not built, would cost about £30 million.

Networker Trains (Kent)

Sir Roger Moate : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his answer of 14 January, Official Report, column 816, what is the current position with regard to the ordering of the proposed Networker express trains for the long-distance Kent coast service.

Mr. Freeman : My right hon. Friend and I have asked British Rail to tell us by Easter what rolling stock it proposes to lease using the £150 million leasing facility announced at the time of the autumn statement. Stock for Kent coast services is one of the options.

West Coast Main Line

Mrs. Jane Kennedy : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what level of investment his Department has planned for signalling and telecommunications equipment on the west coast main line railway link from London to Glasgow for the six years from 1994.

Mr. Freeman : It is for British Rail to determine its investment priorities within available resources. I understand that it intends to commence work soon on


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renewing infrastructure on the west coast main line. The precise timing, and cost, will be decided in the spring, when British Rail has completed its next corporate plan.

Channel Tunnel (East Coast Link)

Mr. Cousins : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what consideration is being given to the establishment of a direct through route from the east coast main line to the channel tunnel link railway ; and if the north London line St. Pancras terminal is being considered as an option.

Mr. Freeman : Direct through services along the east coast main line to Paris and Brussels should begin at the end of 1995. These services are not dependent on the proposed new railway line between the channel tunnel and London, on which my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Transport will make an announcement as soon as possible.

Helicopters, London

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what action his Department is taking over the proposal from Thames Heliport plc for a mobile helicopter pad on the Thames.


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Mr. Norris [holding answer 5 March 1993] : The Department has urged the promoters of the scheme to consult as widely and as thoroughly as possible with interested parties. The promoters have said they will inform the Department about the outcome of their consultations.

HOME DEPARTMENT

Contracting Out

Mr. McAllion : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list all those services or functions that have been contracted out from his Department since November 1991 without market testing an in- house bid against external competition, with, in each instance, the successful contractor and the reasons for the decision to exclude an in- house bid.

Mr. Kenneth Clarke : Since November 1991, the following new services have been contracted out without market testing an in-house bid :


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Establishment                                   |Successful                                  |Reason for excluding                                                                     

                                                |contractor                                  |in-house bid                                                                             

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Management of The Wolds prison                  |Group 4 Remand Services Ltd.                |Contracting out provided opportunity to gain                                             

                                                                                             |  experience of such contracts, and provided                                             

Management of Blakenhurst prison                |UK Detention Services Ltd.                  |  comparator for catering services in                                                    

                                                                                             |  establishments managed by Prison Service                                               

                                                                                                                                                                                       

Catering services at following prison establishments                                                                                                                                   

Downview                                        |Pall Mall Services Ltd.                     |Contracting out provided opportunity to gain                                             

Belmarsh                                        |Pall Mall Services Ltd.                     |experience in operation of such prisons and                                              

Bullingdon                                      |ARA Catering Services Ltd.                  |contracts, and provided a comparator for                                                 

Holme House                                     |Sutcliffe Catering Ltd.                     |establishments managed by Prison Service                                                 

Woodhill                                        |ARA Catering Services Ltd.                                                                                                            

Highdown                                        |Sutcliffe Catering Services Ltd.                                                                                                      

Lancaster FarmsSutcliffe Catering Services Ltd.                                                                                                                                        

                                                                                                                                                                                       

Court Service,                                  |Group 4 Court Services Ltd.                 |Aim was to relieve police and prison staff                                               

  East Midlands and Humberside                                                               | of these duties by providing an unitary                                                 

                                                                                             |  integrated service                                                                     

Police-Population Ratio

Mr. Pawsey : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what is the ratio of police to population in England and Wales ; and what is the comparable data he has for France, Germany, the Netherlands and Italy.

Mr. Charles Wardle : I refer my hon. Friend to the reply I gave on 2 February to a question from my hon. Friend the Member for Vale of Glamorgan (Mr. Sweeney), at column 128. Comparable information for the European countries mentioned is not available.

Sentencing

Mr. Stephen : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will introduce legislation to amend section 29 of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 so that


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the courts may again take fully into account the whole criminal record of a convicted person when sentencing that person.

Mr. Jack : The sentencing provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 were implemented on 1 October 1992. We are closely monitoring their effects, including the effects of section 29. In due course, we shall consider whether any amendments to the Act are necessary in the light of practical experience of its operation.

Rape

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many convictions for rape there were in England in 1992 ; and how many resulted in sentences of (a) under 12 months, (b) one to five years, (c) over five to 10 years and (d) over 10 years.

Mr. Jack : 1992 data will not be available until autumn 1993. Information for 1991 is given in the table.


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Number of males convicted of the offence of rape and sentenced to immediate custody by sentence length 1991                                                                                             

England                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                                             Length of                                                                                                                                  

                                                             sentence                                                                                                                                   

Offence description |Convictions        |Sentenced to       |Under one year     |One year and up to |Five years         |Over five years up |Over 10 years      |Life                                   

                                        |immediate custody                      |but less than five                     |to and including 10                                                            

                                                                                |years                                  |years                                                                          

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rape                                                                                                                                                                                                    

  Rape              |434                |403                |7                  |100                |74                 |189                |22                 |11                                     

  Attempted rape    |58                 |53                 |2                  |34                 |6                  |8                  |2                  |1                                      

  Other<1>          |5                  |2                  |-                  |2                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                                      

                    |-------            |-------            |-------            |-------            |-------            |-------            |-------            |-------                                

Total               |497                |458                |9                  |136                |80                 |197                |24                 |12                                     

<1> Includes man having unlawful sexual intercourse with a woman who is a defective (Sexual Offences Act 1956 S 7 as amended by Mental Health Act 1959 S 127); male member of staff of hospital or      

mental nursing home having unlawful sexual intercourse with female patient (Mental Health Act 1959 S 128(1)(a)); and man having unlawful sexual intercourse with mentally disordered female patient who 

is subject to his care (Mental Health Act 1959 S 128(1)(b)).                                                                                                                                            

Unlawful Killing

Mr. Fraser : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department which 10 London boroughs or local authority districts have the highest rates of unlawful killings in England and Wales expressed in terms of killings per 100,000 population.

Mr. Jack : The information requested is not collected centrally.

Sex Offences

Mr. Alton : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what measures are being taken to minimise the chances that those convicted for sexual offences against children will re-offend.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The Criminal Justice Act 1991 provides for sex offenders to be given custodial sentences where their conduct shows that such a sentence is necessary to protect the public from serious harm. Sex offenders can also be given longer sentences than is justified by the seriousness of the offence and extended supervision, if this is necessary for the protection of the public. Programmes to tackle the offending behaviour of those convicted of sexual offences against children are run by both the prison and probation services and are being expanded. The Government are also reviewing, and plan to extend, the arrangements for prison establishments to notify local authorities of the release of prisoners who have been convicted of offences against children.

Mr. Alton : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people were convicted for sexual offences against children in the years 1990, 1991 and 1992 ; and what percentage of those convicted had previously committed similar offences.

Mr. Jack To derive information on the number of offenders who had previously committed similar offences would involve disproportionate cost. Information on the number of persons convicted of sexual offences against children in England and Wales for the years 1989, 1990 and 1991 is given in the table. Figures for 1992 will not be available until the autumn. It is only possible from the information held centrally to identify sex offenders where the victim is known to be aged under 16 years.


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Number of persons convicted of child sex offences 1989-91               

England and Wales                                                       

Offence                                 |1989   |1990   |1991           

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Buggery with a boy under the age of                                     

  16 or with a woman or an animal       |183    |189    |168            

Attempt to commit buggery with a boy                                    

  under the age of 16 or with a                                         

  woman or an animal                    |26     |18     |26             

Indecent assault on a male aged under                                   

  16 years                              |406    |421    |351            

Indecent assault on a female aged                                       

  under 16 years                        |1,657  |1,537  |1,469          

Unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl                                 

  aged under 13 years                   |96     |110    |105            

Unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl                                 

aged under 16 years                     |262    |304    |223            

  Incest with a girl under 13 years     |100    |84     |68             

Inciting girl under 16 years to have                                    

  incestuous sexual intercourse         |5      |3      |3              

Householder permitting unlawful                                         

  sexual intercourse with a girl under                                  

  16 years                              |3      |5      |-              

Person responsible for girl aged under                                  

  16 causing or encouraging her                                         

  prostitution, etc                     |1      |2      |2              

Abduction of unmarried girl aged                                        

  under 16 years                        |13     |8      |8              

Gross indecency with children           |219    |276    |219            

Young Offenders

Mr. Marlow : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department under what circumstances corporal punishment will be available in the new juvenile offenders institutions.

Mr. Jack : We do not believe that corporal punishment is an acceptable way of dealing with offenders. It was abolished under the 1948 Criminal Justice Act and the Government have no plans to reintroduce it. Corporal punishment, therefore, has no place in our planning for the new secure training centres.

Mr. Alfred Morris : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, pursuant to his answer of 10 February, Official Report, column 625, what plans there are to increase the amounts committed to schemes aimed at diverting young people from crimes, including car crime ; and if he will make a further statement.

Mr. Jack : The main Government programmes in the Greater Manchester area described in the reply I gave to the right hon. Member on 10 February, at column 625, will


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each receive funding in 1993-94. It is planned to increase total funding for the probation supervision grants scheme--PSGS--from £6.8 million this year to £10.4 million, £12 million and £13 million respectively over the next three financial years, but there are no plans to provide additional resources for the other additional resources for the other programmes. The PSGS helps voluntary organisations in partnership with probation services to provide support to defendants, those on community sentence and those released from prison with the aim of reducing reoffending.

Immigration

Mr. Rooney : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many entry clearance applications were received in respect of India and Pakistan for each year since 1986 (a) for second wives where the first wife is resident in the United Kingdom, (b) first wife where the second wife is resident in the United Kingdom, (c) second wives where the first wife is resident in the country of origin, (d) the first wife where the second wife is resident in the country of origin and (e) both wives together.


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Mr. Charles Wardle : The information requested is not available.

Sentencing

Ms. Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans he has to bring forward proposals to establish a sentencing council to establish a framework for sentencing policy ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Jack : We have no plans to establish a sentencing council.

London Prisons

Ms. Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many (a) sentenced prisoners, (b) remand prisoners and (c) fine defaulters were received into each London prison each week in January 1992, March 1992, June 1992, September 1992, January 1993 and March 1993.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : The available information is given in the table. Data for September 1992 to March 1993 are not yet available.


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Initial Receptions into Prison Service Establishments in London by Type of Custody: January, March and June 1992                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Establishment        Number of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

                    ||15Persons Received                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

                     January                                                                                             March                                                                                               June                                                                                                                   

                    |1-4                |5-11               |12-18              |19-25              |26-31              |1-7                |8-14               |15-21              |22-28              |29-31              |1-6                |7-13               |14-20              |21-27              |28-30                                  

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Belmarsh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Remand<1>           |32                 |63                 |60                 |45                 |37                 |59                 |49                 |52                 |35                 |16                 |62                 |47                 |49                 |43                 |19                                     

 Sentenced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

  Fine Defaulters   |2                  |16                 |12                 |9                  |5                  |6                  |7                  |2                  |2                  |1                  |10                 |7                  |6                  |6                  |2                                      

  Others            |11                 |28                 |34                 |23                 |34                 |36                 |20                 |38                 |27                 |8                  |27                 |52                 |32                 |28                 |13                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Brixton                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Remand<1>           |16                 |32                 |29                 |46                 |38                 |37                 |27                 |31                 |27                 |13                 |46                 |38                 |35                 |47                 |23                                     

 Sentenced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

  Fine Defaulters   |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |-                  |1                                      

  Others            |32                 |88                 |80                 |74                 |84                 |124                |114                |88                 |110                |48                 |79                 |90                 |90                 |60                 |31                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Pentonville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Remand<1>           |19                 |47                 |66                 |65                 |76                 |75                 |51                 |64                 |66                 |20                 |55                 |58                 |46                 |50                 |20                                     

 Sentenced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

  Fine Defaulters   |1                  |6                  |7                  |15                 |19                 |5                  |7                  |7                  |14                 |4                  |12                 |11                 |8                  |13                 |3                                      

  Others            |7                  |36                 |25                 |22                 |36                 |36                 |29                 |29                 |35                 |9                  |40                 |42                 |35                 |34                 |12                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Wandsworth                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Remand<1>           |3                  |1                  |4                  |4                  |1                  |1                  |5                  |1                  |3                  |1                  |7                  |6                  |10                 |5                  |2                                      

 Sentenced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

  Fine Defaulters   |-                  |3                  |-                  |4                  |4                  |1                  |4                  |5                  |2                  |3                  |3                  |5                  |7                  |5                  |-                                      

  Others            |3                  |5                  |6                  |9                  |6                  |8                  |6                  |12                 |4                  |2                  |11                 |15                 |7                  |25                 |7                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Wormwood Scrubs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

Remand<1>           |46                 |94                 |113                |128                |110                |119                |88                 |98                 |85                 |41                 |50                 |104                |49                 |80                 |58                                     

 Sentenced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

  Fine Defaulters   |10                 |16                 |36                 |18                 |18                 |7                  |13                 |17                 |16                 |1                  |3                  |8                  |7                  |11                 |1                                      

  Others            |28                 |49                 |49                 |44                 |52                 |51                 |43                 |35                 |39                 |12                 |21                 |19                 |29                 |21                 |9                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

Holloway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Remand<1>           |14                 |35                 |38                 |39                 |35                 |33                 |34                 |46                 |33                 |11                 |40                 |30                 |34                 |24                 |13                                     

 Sentenced                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

  Fine Defaulters   |1                  |13                 |9                  |11                 |8                  |10                 |5                  |7                  |7                  |2                  |5                  |6                  |9                  |3                  |4                                      

  Others            |9                  |15                 |28                 |25                 |29                 |28                 |20                 |21                 |18                 |5                  |19                 |16                 |18                 |21                 |10                                     

<1> Includes untried and convicted unsentenced prisoners.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Police Stations

Mr. Battle : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list all those constituencies which do not have a police station within their boundaries.


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Mr. Charles Wardle : This information could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.


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Show Jumping

Mr. Morley : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) what arrangements his Department makes to issue licences for show jumping events ; if such licences stipulate the height and type of jump or any other obstacles ; and what inspection or enforcement his Department carries out of show jumping events ;

(2) what arrangements are made for his Department's officials to inspect the condition of show jumping horses or the suitability of the type and height of jumps at major show jumping events ; what guidance his Department gives to official bodies representing show jumping on the welfare implications of show jumping courses to horses ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Charles Wardle : None. However, I understand that anyone wishing to run an event under the rules of the British Show Jumping Association must apply to the association for authority to do so, and must run the event according to those rules. The welfare of show jumping horses, like that of all domestic and captive animals, is


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covered by the Protection of Animals Act 1911, under which it is an offence to cause unnecessary suffering to any animal.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL

Racial Hatred

Mr. Corbyn : To ask the Attorney-General how many cases of incitement to racial hatred have been referred to the Director of Public Prosecutions each year since the Race Relations Act 1976 came into force ; how many of these cases resulted in a prosecution ; how many of these prosecutions were successful ; and, of the successful prosecutions, how many resulted in a custodial sentence.

The Attorney-General : No records are kept of the numbers of cases referred to the Director of Public Prosecutions categorised by reference to specific criminal offences.

Details of prosecutions for incitement to racial hatred since 1986, each of which may involve more than one defendant, are kept and are as follows :


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Year                                         |Prosecutions                                |Results                                     |Sentence                                                                                 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1986                                         |5                                           |4 convictions                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                       |1X2 months' imprisonment                                                                 

                                                                                          |1 acquittal                                 |1X£400 fine and costs                                                                    

                                                                                                                                       |1Xconditional discharge for 12 months                                                    

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1987                                         |0                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1988                                         |1                                           |1 conviction                                |£100 fine                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1989                                         |1                                           |1 conviction                                |9 months' imprisonment suspended for 2 years                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1990                                         |1                                           |Bound over                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1991                                         |4                                           |3 convictions                               |1X8 months' imprisonment                                                                 

                                                                                                                                       |  (6 suspended and 2 to be served)                                                       

                                                                                          |1 defendant died after                      |1Xbound over in £100                                                                     

                                                                                          |  committal                                 |1Xconditional discharge for 2 years                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1992                                         |1                                           |discontinued                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

1993                                         |2                                           |1 conviction                                |6 months' imprisonment                                                                   

                                                                                          |1 acquittal                                                                                                                           

SCOTLAND

Student Accommodation

Mr. Salmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland how many students that have attended each of the separate higher educational institutes in Scotland have stayed in (a) their own home, (b) the parental home, (c) institutional accommodation and (d) private sector accommodation in each year since 1985.

Lord James Douglas-Hamilton [holding answer 18 February 1993] : This information is not held centrally.

Dog Registration

Mr. Wallace : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what recommendations were made to him on the dog registration scheme by the Scottish working group on dogs ; and if he will make a statement.


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Mr. Lang [holding answer 4 March 1993] : The remit of the Scottish working group on dogs did not include dog registration. No recommendations were therefore made.

Juvenile Crime

Mr. Hood : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what plans he has to deal with the increase in juvenile crime ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Stewart [holding answer 2 March 1993] : Under the Lord Advocate's direction of 1987 most juvenile offenders up to age 16 are referred to the reporter to the children's panel to consider compulsory measures of care. In 1990 24,700 referrals were made to reporters. Children's panels have available to them the full range of disposals from home supervision and foster care to residential care and secure accommodation to enable them to deal effectively with juvenile offending.


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FOREIGN AND COMMONWEALTH AFFAIRS

Contracting Out

Mr. McAllion : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will list all those services or functions that have been contracted out from his Department since November 1991 without market testing an in-house bid against external competition, with, in each instance the successful contractor and the reasons for the decision to exclude an in-house bid.

Mr. Goodlad : Since November 1991, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office has added the collection of premiums for the diplomatic service worldwide all-risks insurance scheme to the contract with Bowring, Marsh, McLennan, the company which operates the scheme. There was no in-house bid. Renegotiation of the contract led to a saving of £10,000 and one post.

The Overseas Development Administration has not contracted out any function without organising an in-house bid since November 1991.

Bosnia

Mr. Riddick : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on the latest situation in Bosnia.

Mr. Douglas Hogg : We and our EC partners believe that the Bosnian peace process, under the auspices of the international conference for the former Yugoslavia, represents the best chance for a settlement and an end to prolonged conflict and suffering. Negotiations are at a crucial stage. We are also devoting considerable resources to the provision of humanitarian relief to those caught up in the war.

Mr. J. G. Glass

Mr. George Robertson : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if the sworn affidavit made on 24 May 1990 by Her Majesty's consul in Baghdad relating to the death of Mr. J. G. Glass was sent to the coroner's court ; and if he will make a statement.


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