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Mr. Boswell : Expenditure by LEAs in England on the youth service in 1990-91 was £241.7 million (cash). For 1991-92, the provisional total is £248.8 million (cash). This total includes provisional figures for six LEAs and excludes one outstanding LEA return. Outturn figures are not yet available for 1992-93, and forecasts are not made for future years' expenditure on the youth service.

Disabled Students

Mr. Llwyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many students in each of the universities and institutions of higher education in England and Wales are registered disabled ; and what proportion they represent of the student population in (a) Wales, (b) England and (c) Wales and England combined.

Mr. Boswell : Disability is not currently recorded on the statistical records of higher education students.

PRIME MINISTER

Mr. Asil Nadir

Mr. Mackinlay : To ask the Prime Minister, pursuant to his oral answers to the right hon. and learned Member for Monklands, East (Mr. Smith) on 8 June, Official Report, column 138, when and where the Minister of State, Northern Ireland Office, the hon. Member for East Hampshire (Mr. Mates), met Mr. Asil Nadir during the 10 days prior to Mr. Nadir travelling to northern Cyprus.

The Prime Minister : That is a matter for my hon. Friend.

Registration Campaigns

Mr. Barnes : To ask the Prime Minister what the budgets are or were for the operation of the most recent registration campaigns for (a) the sale of British Telecom shares, (b) overseas voters and (c) electoral registration by United Kingdom residents.

The Prime Minister : Details of the costs of the BT3 share offer will be reported to Parliament in due course, following completion of the sale. These will include, and separately identify, the costs of marketing and the share information office. The sum of £672,000 was spent in the 1992-93 financial year in Great Britain on advertising to encourage people to register to vote. Advertising in support of electoral registration is not carried out in Northern Ireland. A publicity campaign to make British citizens living abroad aware of their new voting rights wasd carried out in 1990 only, at a cost of £705,000.


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Teaching Company Scheme

Dr. Moonie : To ask the Prime Minister what proportion of the teaching company scheme budget is being transferred from the Department of Trade and Industry to the Office of the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.

The Prime Minister [holding answer 16 June 1993] : None.

NATIONAL FINANCE

Value Added Tax

Mr. Denzil Davies : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his estimate of the total official revenue that will accrue to the Exchequer in a full year of the imposition of VAT at the rate of 5 per cent. on (a) domestic fuel and power and (b) categories one, three, six, seven, eight, 10, 11, 12 and 13 contained in annex H of directive 92/77/EEC.

Sir John Cope : Estimates of the effect on VAT revenue that would occur in a full year from a 5 per cent. rate are as follows :


                                  |£ million          

------------------------------------------------------

(a) Domestic fuel and power-yield |740                

(b) Annex H selected items-cost   |-450               

These estimates are for 1992-93 and, unlike those published in the "Financial Statement and Budget Report", make no allowance for behavioural change.

Invalidity Benefit

Mr. Dewar : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) what is his best estimate of the number of recipients of invalidity benefit who would have an increased tax bill if invalidity benefit was taxed as income ; and what would be the average increase ;

(2) what is his best estimate of the number of recipients of invalidity benefit who would pay tax whose only income was invalidity benefit if that benefit was taxed as income ; and what the average tax bill would be for that group ;

(3) what is his best estimate of the yield to the Treasury in a full year of taxing invalidity benefit as income.

Mr. Dorrell : Approximate estimates are that the yield at 1993-94 levels, from making invalidity benefit taxable would be about £500 million.

The estimated number of recipients who would have an income tax liability and the average increase in tax is shown in the table :


                     |Number of taxpayers|Average increase in                    

                     |with invalidity    |tax with invalidity                    

                     |benefit liable to  |benefit liable to                      

                     |tax                |tax (£ a year)                         

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All recipients of                                                                

  invalidity benefit |<1>900,000         |550                                    

Invalidity benefit                                                               

  recipients with no                                                             

  other income       |200,000            |100                                    

<1> Of which some 250,000 already have an income tax liability.                  


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Child Benefit

Mr. Dewar : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his best estimate of the yield to the Treasury in a full year of treating child benefit as income for income tax purposes.

Mr. Dorrell : At 1993-94 levels the revenue yield would be about £600 million, assuming that the benefit was taxed as the mother's--or lone father's--income.

Mr. Nigel Griffiths : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) if he will estimate what the saving would be of taxing child benefit as part of the woman's income in 1993-94 and 1994-95 ;

(2) if he will estimate what the saving would be of taxing child benefit as part of the man's income in 1993-94 and 1994-95.

Mr. Dorrell [holding answer 17 June 1993] : The revenue yield at 1993-94 levels would be about £1.3 billion if child benefit was taxed as the father's--or lone mother's--income and about £0.6 billion if taxed as mother's--or lone father's--income.

Estimates for 1994-95 will depend on the levels of child benefit and on tax rates and allowances for that year.

Government Employees (Holidays)

Mr. Ralph Howell : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many privilege holidays in addition to bank holidays are enjoyed by employees in central Government.

Mr. Dorrell : Civil servants receive 2 days' holidays, in addition to the eight public and bank holidays in the calendar year. These holidays are fixed by tradition and taken as follows : a half-day on Maundy Thursday afternoon, a day for the Queen's birthday and an additional day at Christmas.

Workplace Nurseries

Mr. Callaghan : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what further representations he has received on tax relief for workplace nurseries.

Mr. Dorrell : We have received a number of representations on this subject, as we have on many other tax reliefs. They have ranged from suggestions to give tax relief for all child care to representations that there should be no change.

Privatisation Revenue

Mr. Callaghan : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what he estimates privatisation revenue will be in 1993-94.

Mr. Dorrell : In his autumn statement of 12 November 1992, the former Chancellor, my right hon. Friend the Member for

Kingston-upon-Thames (Mr. Lamont), announced that the privatisation proceeds for 1993-94 are estimated to be £5.5 billion.

Income Tax

Mr. David Nicholson : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will give the estimated full-year costs or savings of changing income tax by (a) raising the upper


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limit of the 20p band to £2,750, (b) raising the 25p rate by 1p, (c) introducing a 35p in the pound rate for taxable income from £23, 700 to £28,700, (d) raising the 40p in the pound rate to 45p on taxable income over £35,000 and (e) introducing a 50p in the pound rate on taxable income over £45,000.

Mr. Dorrell : Latest estimates of the cost or savings of each measure compared with the regime announced in the March 1993 Budget are as follows :


Direct revenue yield (+) or cost (-) in full year at 1993-94               

income levels                                                              

                                                       |£ million          

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a)Increasing width of the lower rate band to £2,750   |-240               

(b)Raising the basic rate of tax by 1 per cent.        |1,500              

(c)Charging 35 per cent. tax rate on taxable income                        

   between £23,700 and £28,700                         |-330               

(d)Charging 45 per cent. tax rate on taxable income                        

   in excess of £35,000                                |1,000              

(e)Charging 50 per cent. tax rate on taxable income in                     

   excess of £45,000                                   |1,500              

The estimates do not allow for any behavioural effect that might result from such changes to the tax system and do not include capital gains tax.

Forward : Civil Service Catering

Mr. Burns : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what plans he has for the future of Forward : Civil Service Catering.

Mr. Nelson : My right hon. Friend the former Chancellor told the House on 27 March 1991, Official Report, columns 410-11, that he had decided that the Civil Service Catering Organisation--as it was then known- -should be reorganised with the aim of transferring it into the private sector.

Since the announcement, substantial changes have been made, including renaming the organisation as Forward : Civil Service Catering, and I believe it is now ready for privatisation. Financial advisers have been appointed to assist in this process. Parliamentary approval to this new service will be sought in a supplementary estimate for Her Majesty's Treasury vote--class XVII, vote 1. Pending that approval, urgent expenditure of up to £400,000 on preliminary expenses will be met by repayable advances from the Contingencies Fund.

Forward is profitable and has shown its ability to win business in a fully competitive situation. Privatisation will open the way for it to compete for business outside the public sector.

On privatisation, Forward staff would transfer on their existing terms and conditions in accordance with the Transfer of Undertakings (Employment Protections) Regulations 1981.

There will be full consultation with the trade unions involved.

Pensioners (Income Tax)

Mr. Jenkin : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his latest estimate of the number of pensioners above income support level who do not pay income tax.


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Mr. Dorrell : About 4.5 million at 1993-94 levels.

Sterling

Mr. Fatchett : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to his answer of 16 June, Official Report, column 613, what estimates his Department has made of the effect of the depreciation of sterling against the ecu since September 1992 in terms of the level of sterling receipts ; and if he will list those receipts, by European Community programme.

Sir John Cope : The level of sterling receipts which the United Kingdom will receive as a result of the depreciation of sterling against the ecu since September 1992 cannot be estimated with any precision. It depends on various uncertainties, including continuing exchange rate changes, the timing of receipts from the Community and the availability of projects providing value for money.

Lottery Duty

Mr. Mandelson : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will estimate the direct effect on revenue in the years 1993-94, 1994-95 and 1995-96 of introduction of the clauses in chapter II of part I of the Finance (No. 2) Bill had they come into effect from 6 April.

Sir John Cope : The revenue yield depends on the turnover of the national lottery, which is difficult to estimate. Annual turnover in the region of £1.5 billion would provide a duty yield of £180 million. This would be broadly offset by reductions in the yield of other taxes including those on other forms of gambling.

Gross Domestic Product

Dr. Marek : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the gross domestic product per capita for (a) Hong Kong and (b) the United Kingdom.

Mr. Nelson : Figures for Hong Kong are published in the United Nations "Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific".

Figures for the United Kingdom are published in table 8 of "Economic Trends". Copies of both publications are available from the Library of the House.

Excise Duty

Mr. Fatchett : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement on the operation of the new rules governing the calculation of excise duty on beer.

Sir John Cope : The first indications from official and trade sources are that the new beer duty system, which was introduced on 1 June, is working well. Customs is continuing to liaise closely with the trade to ensure that the new arrangements are implemented as smoothly as possible. At a late stage, the Brewers Society has claimed that the new rate is not likely to prove fiscally neutral and Customs is studying its submissions. In the meanwhile, we have no reason to alter the estimate that the change involves a shortfall of duty to the Exchequer, for 1993-94 only, of about £200 million.


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NORTHERN IRELAND

Unfinished Business"

Mr. John D. Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland what amount of funding was given by the Community Relations Council to the film "Unfinished Business".

Mr. Ancram : £6,000.

Library Services (Charges)

Mr. McGrady : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1) what representations he has received in connection with the proposed introduction of charges for library services ;

(2) what steps he will take to review article 45 from the Library Services (Northern Ireland) Order in relation to the charges for library services.

Mr. Ancram : Following publication, for consultation purposes, of the draft Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1993, nine responses were received about article 45, together with a letter from the hon. Gentleman. For the most part, these representations sought to ensure that the basic library lending service would remain free of charge and I am happy to give that assurance.

I have no plans to review article 45 at present.

Cattle (Tuberculosis)

Mr. Morley : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland if he will make a statement on the current situation regarding additional or alternative cattle tuberculosis tests in Northern Ireland ; and what steps he has taken to secure derogation powers under EC directives to use such tests.

Mr. Ancram : The Department of Agriculture is currently seeking to develop a blood test suitable to detect bovine tuberculosis. A pilot trial was carried out in 1990-91 with encouraging results and a larger scale field trial is now under way.

This trial will be completed later this year and until the results of the trial have been fully analysed it will not be possible to seek EC agreement to the use of a blood test to detect TB.

Mr. Morley : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many cattle were slaughtered in each of the last five years as reactors to tuberculosis testing ; and if he will show how many of these were subsequently shown to actually have tuberculosis.

Mr. Ancram : The information is as follows :


L

Year               |Number of reactor |Number of cattle                     

                   |cattle slaughtered|confirmed to have                    

                                      |tuberculosis<1>                      

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1988               |1,470             |731                                  

1989               |2,493             |1,337                                

1990               |3,124             |1,409                                

1991               |4,108             |1,586                                

1992               |4,601             |1,653                                

<1> Post-mortem findings and/or laboratory examination.                     

While all the slaughtered cattle were given a post-mortem examination, only visible lesions indicating


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an advanced stage of TB can be detected in this way. The presence of TB is more readily detected in live animals by the tuberculin test.

Mr. Morley : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland what significance is given to badgers as a factor in the epidemiology of cattle tuberculosis in Northern Ireland.

Mr. Ancram : Badgers are not believed to be a significant source of TB infection in cattle in Northern Ireland.

Mr. Samuel Devenney

Mr. Canavan : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland if he will now re-open inquiries into the death of Mr. Samuel Devenney, following information forwarded to him by the hon. Member for Falkirk, West.

Mr. Mates : This is a matter for the Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, to whom I have passed the correspondence received from the hon. Member.

Phosphorus Flares

Mr. Beggs : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many phosphorus flares or incendiary devices have been washed up on the Northern Ireland coastline in the past year ; and what action he has taken to identify the source of these phosphorus flares and to prevent more being deposited on Northern Ireland beaches.

Mr. Mates [holding answer 14 June 1993] : I am advised that up to 7 June 1993, a total of 205 phosphorus flares had been washed up on the Northern Ireland coastline. A contract has been let to a waste disposal company for the collection and disposal of any of these flares which are identified and notified to the Department of the Environment (Northern Ireland). It is believed that the majority of the flares are from private vessels and merchant shipping which have been washed or thrown overboard ; in addition, a proportion may have been illegally dumped.

FOREIGN AND COMMONWEALTH AFFAIRS

World Service

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what information he has on the number of listeners to the World Service expressed per kilowatt of transmitter power.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The latest information indicates that some 4,895 people listen to World Service direct broadcasts for every kilowatt of power transmitted. This figure does not include listeners to World Service programmes transmitted by other broadcasters under rebroadcasting arrangements.

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many FCO staff working for the communications engineering department at transmitter sites in the United Kingdom and overseas have been transferred to the World Service ; and what was the impact on the grant in aid of the transfer of CED transmitter sites and Ascension island services.


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Mr. Lennox-Boyd : No FCO staff were transferred to the World Service, but four engineering and two industrial staff employed by the FCO were transferred to BBC Transmission, a separate body. The impact on the grant in aid of these and other transfers was cost neutral since, where necessary, funds to cover the costs of the additional responsibilities were transferred from the FCO to the World Service grant in aid. The total amount transferred was £6.43 million.

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how much of the World Service increase in budget since 1980 has been spent on upgrading and replacing old transmitters.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The amount spent by the World Service on such projects under the 1981-1991 audibility improvement programme was £96.4 million--at outturn costs. Between 1980-81 and 1991-92 the annual total World Service grants in aid rose from £55 million to £159.6 million.

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what information he has on hours broadcast per employee in the World Service.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The latest information available indicates that the World Service achieved 15.3 hours of broadcasting output per employee in 1992-93.

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what information he has on audience figures for World Service broadcasting in (a) China, (b) eastern Europe, (c) Africa and (d) the rest of the world.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The latest audience figures for World Service broadcasts for these areas are as follows :

(a) Eastern Europe, excluding countries of the former Soviet Union : 4.5 million

(b) Africa (South of Sahara) : 26 million

(c) Rest of the world : 93.5 million, of which 50.5 million are in the sub- continent and 12 million in the middle east and north Africa.

No data are available for mainland China.

Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs which language services it is presently planned to cease broadcasting from the World Service.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : There are no plans at present for the World Service to discontinue any language services.

Turkey

Mr. Llwyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has received from the Kurdish information centre regarding the subject of human rights in Turkey ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Heathcoat-Amory : The Foreign and Commonwealth Office recently received a copy of a circular letter from the "Kurdistan Information Centre", a London-based organisation. The letter listed Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) conditions for an extension of its March ceasefire in Turkey.

We regret the PKK's decision to end its unilaterally declared ceasefire and the subsequent escalation of


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violence in Turkey's southeast. We frequently make clear to the Turkish Government the importance we attach to combating terrorism within a legal framework and with full respect for human rights.

East Timor

Dr. Lynne Jones : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has made to the Indonesian Government on the implementation of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights resolution calling for the United Nations special rapporteur on torture and extrajudicial executions and the United Nations working groups on arbitary detention and on enforced and involuntary disappearances to be allowed to conduct investigations in East Timor.

Mr. Goodlad : We have urged the Indonesians--most recently during the visit to Indonesia in April by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs--to co-operate with the United Nations in implementing the resolution.

Seal Culls (Russia)

Mr. Simon Hughes : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what evidence or information his Department has received on the number of baby seals culled in the Arklane region of Russia for (a) the current year to date, (b) 1992 and (c) 1991 ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : I refer the hon. Member to the reply given to him by my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister on 15 January, Official Report, column 822.

Gibraltar

Mr. Flynn : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what proposals he has to secure for Gibraltar a place on the European Committee of the Regions.


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