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Region                   |<1>Business   |BSUS planned                 
                         |Start Up      |provision for@               
                         |1992-93                                     
----------------------------------------------------------------------
South East               |6,965,460     |8,579,810                    
London                   |7,430,643     |11,552,288                   
Eastern                  |2,542,104     |5,719,354                    
South West               |6,949,773     |9,342,602                    
West Midlands            |7,485,364     |9,930,889                    
East Midlands            |6,136,123     |7,418,052                    
Yorkshire and Humberside |8,743,013     |11,199,176                   
Greater Manchester       |6,023,815     |6,682,285                    
North West               |6,158,712     |8,113,344                    
Northern                 |3,789,207     |5,290,509                    
                         |------        |------                       
Total                    |62,224,214    |83,828,309                   
                         |------        |------                       
National                 |62,224,214    |92,792,000                   
<1>Enterprise Allowance Scheme superseded by Business Start Up Scheme 
on 1 April 1991.                                                      

Region                   |Youth training|Youth training               
                         |1992-93       |planned                      
                                        |provision for                
                                        |1993-94<1>                   
----------------------------------------------------------------------
South East               |78,638,773    |73,530,796                   
London                   |53,642,580    |67,791,627                   
Eastern                  |37,803,269    |62,900,706                   
South West               |53,295,224    |60,607,999                   
West Midlands            |78,281,944    |85,848,948                   
East Midlands            |61,528,473    |61,255,629                   
Yorkshire and Humberside |78,747,999    |87,356,769                   
Greater Manchester       |47,177,959    |49,755,760                   
North West               |58,099,250    |82,823,343                   
Northern                 |55,879,335    |60,242,404                   
                                                                      
Total                    |603,094,806   |692,113,981                  
                                                                      
National                 |617,021,080   |704,363,000                  
<1> Youth training planned provision excludes bridging allowance.     

Earnings

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list the average total weekly earnings in (a) each travel-to-work area and (b) Great Britain as a whole in (i) cash and (ii) current prices for each of the last five years ; and if he will make a statement.

Miss Widdecombe : Information by each travel-to-work area is not available. The following tables provide details of average earnings by area at April of each of the last five years. The information on the retail prices index, all items, at April, to convert 1989 figures to 1993 prices is published in table 6.4 of the Employment Gazette and in table 26 of the annual supplement to "Economic Trends" for April of earlier years.

The majority of areas show a positive change in real earnings over the five -year period. Outside London and the


Column 650

south-east there is little evidence of any great disparity in earnings. Any differences that do exist result from the concentration of industries and occupations with relatively lower earnings in certain regions.


Average gross weekly earnings of full time adults-pay unaffected by        
absence: at April                                                          
                                 |1989  |1990  |1991  |1992  |1993         
                                 |£     |£     |£     |£     |£            
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Great Britain                    |239.7 |263.1 |284.7 |304.6 |316.9        
England and Wales                |241.5 |265.0 |286.6 |306.4 |319.0        
England                          |242.7 |266.7 |288.3 |308.1 |320.9        
Wales                            |215.9 |232.1 |252.2 |270.9 |281.2        
Scotland                         |221.4 |244.0 |265.3 |286.7 |296.8        
                                                                           
South East Region                |275.0 |303.6 |326.7 |348.6 |365.5        
Greater London                   |304.6 |336.3 |361.1 |385.3 |408.0        
City of London                   |408.5 |455.1 |486.0 |510.4 |543.3        
Barking                          |271.8 |296.5 |322.4 |340.9 |363.2        
Barnet                           |272.6 |308.4 |305.0 |318.0 |345.4        
Bexley                           |257.5 |281.1 |317.1 |354.7 |339.0        
Brent                            |265.4 |295.4 |316.4 |336.3 |364.1        
Bromley                          |257.9 |285.4 |288.0 |305.8 |321.5        
Camden                           |317.0 |346.9 |368.7 |390.6 |404.2        
Croydon                          |265.2 |296.0 |321.8 |339.8 |342.0        
Ealing                           |270.9 |307.2 |336.1 |356.3 |361.9        
Enfield                          |252.6 |270.1 |298.8 |326.0 |339.4        
Greenwich                        |254.6 |268.8 |292.4 |310.6 |330.1        
Hackney                          |310.4 |353.9 |374.0 |-     |-            
Hammersmith                      |289.3 |316.2 |352.4 |373.2 |393.6        
Haringey                         |242.1 |272.0 |283.7 |303.0 |323.1        
Harrow                           |267.6 |286.0 |322.7 |335.4 |349.8        
Havering                         |239.1 |258.6 |292.2 |315.5 |319.3        
Hillingdon                       |280.6 |309.4 |327.1 |382.6 |422.8        
Hounslow                         |311.2 |345.0 |354.8 |365.3 |357.9        
Islington                        |290.2 |330.1 |360.0 |388.4 |425.3        
Kensington and Chelsea           |284.6 |311.9 |335.2 |358.3 |371.9        
Kingston-upon-Thames             |269.0 |292.1 |324.6 |364.9 |361.4        
Lambeth                          |310.9 |340.2 |370.9 |381.6 |418.5        
Lewisham                         |252.7 |266.4 |299.5 |325.1 |336.3        
Merton                           |269.4 |294.6 |316.2 |332.9 |366.0        
Newham                           |255.8 |280.4 |313.5 |338.5 |358.8        
Redbridge                        |240.5 |274.2 |287.1 |319.1 |339.9        
Richmond-upon-Thames             |274.6 |299.6 |332.7 |347.1 |350.0        
Southwark                        |315.0 |344.4 |367.5 |396.7 |412.4        
Sutton                           |279.5 |321.1 |319.5 |335.8 |340.1        
Tower Hamlets                    |319.3 |351.1 |382.7 |423.9 |474.3        
Waltham Forest                   |235.9 |263.2 |283.1 |304.7 |305.0        
Wandsworth                       |260.9 |294.1 |307.9 |332.9 |372.5        
City of Westminster              |329.9 |365.1 |397.8 |415.7 |447.3        
                                                                           
Remainder of South East region   |248.5 |274.0 |295.3 |315.6 |328.7        
Bedfordshire                     |244.4 |269.3 |287.4 |314.9 |324.3        
Berkshire                        |276.1 |299.3 |326.6 |349.1 |370.0        
Buckinghamshire                  |261.2 |290.4 |307.1 |326.1 |330.6        
East Sussex                      |220.3 |238.6 |260.9 |272.7 |287.8        
Essex                            |242.9 |268.4 |287.2 |305.5 |316.7        
                                                                           
Hampshire                        |241.7 |266.9 |285.6 |306.6 |322.5        
Hertfordshire                    |259.8 |290.3 |314.2 |326.7 |342.1        
Isle of Wight                    |217.6 |225.5 |255.2 |270.8 |259.9        
Kent                             |235.7 |256.3 |280.4 |298.6 |308.3        
Oxfordshire                      |237.6 |264.1 |285.5 |307.9 |327.6        
Surrey                           |266.0 |299.6 |322.2 |346.0 |362.4        
West Sussex                      |248.3 |270.6 |287.8 |314.4 |320.9        
                                                                           
East Anglia Region               |227.3 |249.6 |268.9 |288.4 |292.2        
Cambridgeshire                   |236.2 |261.8 |280.7 |299.6 |306.9        
Norfolk                          |220.3 |239.5 |259.1 |280.5 |281.4        
Suffolk                          |224.9 |246.4 |266.0 |283.9 |286.8        
                                                                           
South West Region                |225.0 |246.8 |265.5 |283.1 |298.4        
Avon                             |241.3 |263.0 |283.9 |296.1 |315.0        
Cornwall                         |196.3 |214.2 |219.9 |239.5 |252.4        
Devon                            |203.6 |227.1 |243.4 |263.9 |280.4        
Dorset                           |225.4 |247.5 |261.1 |278.4 |292.0        
Gloucestershire                  |230.1 |251.4 |276.9 |294.8 |306.7        
Somerset                         |226.3 |236.2 |256.3 |272.6 |287.2        
Wiltshire                        |234.0 |262.0 |281.2 |306.1 |319.4        
                                                                           
West Midlands Region             |220.4 |240.6 |261.1 |279.9 |291.9        
West Midlands MC                 |225.2 |247.7 |268.1 |287.8 |301.3        
Hereford and Worcester           |208.0 |227.6 |246.1 |262.8 |279.8        
Shropshire                       |202.1 |222.9 |242.5 |263.0 |275.4        
Staffordshire                    |215.6 |230.9 |251.7 |268.7 |273.6        
Warwickshire                     |230.7 |246.6 |270.8 |290.8 |299.9        
                                                                           
East Midlands Region             |216.3 |241.6 |261.3 |276.1 |285.7        
Derbyshire                       |217.2 |250.9 |269.5 |281.0 |288.9        
Leicestershire                   |212.0 |237.5 |257.9 |169.9 |285.0        
Lincolnshire                     |207.7 |226.6 |244.9 |263.7 |270.5        
Northamptonshire                 |224.0 |250.6 |265.3 |286.6 |298.7        
Nottinghamshire                  |220.3 |241.6 |263.4 |277.5 |283.7        
                                                                           
Yorkshire/Humberside                                                       
Region                           |219.7 |239.6 |257.9 |277.3 |287.4        
South Yorkshire MC               |224.8 |242.7 |263.6 |280.3 |287.2        
West Yorkshire MC                |217.1 |241.1 |257.9 |278.3 |288.9        
Humberside                       |222.4 |237.6 |252.5 |275.9 |286.3        
North Yorkshire                  |215.6 |231.0 |253.1 |270.2 |283.3        
                                                                           
North West Region                |283.6 |244.5 |267.1 |285.5 |298.8        
Greater Manchester MC            |223.1 |243.0 |267.1 |285.8 |297.2        
Merseyside MC                    |222.9 |242.9 |265.0 |282.0 |297.2        
Cheshire                         |237.8 |261.4 |284.0 |303.1 |325.6        
Lancashire                       |214.1 |235.7 |254.8 |274.5 |281.7        
                                                                           
North Region                     |216.1 |236.7 |258.0 |282.3 |288.6        
Tyne and Wear                                                              
Metropolitan Council             |212.7 |234.2 |257.4 |282.3 |287.0        
Cleveland                        |234.4 |246.3 |267.1 |291.6 |297.9        
Cumbria                          |220.1 |246.7 |270.1 |287.0 |299.2        
Durham                           |206.3 |230.5 |245.2 |272.7 |279.9        
Northumberland                   |206.1 |221.1 |247.0 |273.6 |276.3        
                                                                           
Wales                            |215.9 |232.1 |252.2 |270.9 |281.2        
Clwyd                            |215.2 |236.7 |253.0 |271.9 |281.6        
Clywd, West                      |200.1 |223.3 |231.5 |254.1 |262.2        
Clwyd, East                      |222.0 |242.3 |262.1 |280.2 |290.6        
Dyfed (excluding Llanelli)       |205.0 |220.3 |236.2 |250.6 |274.8        
Gwent                            |212.2 |226.6 |250.6 |263.6 |273.1        
Gwynedd                          |215.3 |225.5 |246.3 |259.7 |264.1        
Mid-Glamorgan                    |220.0 |232.7 |249.9 |270.7 |278.5        
Powys                            |206.2 |210.1 |226.8 |251.6 |262.5        
South Glamorgan                  |224.4 |245.0 |265.4 |282.2 |299.3        
West Glamorgan                                                             
(including Llanelli)             |213.4 |230.5 |253.7 |281.1 |283.0        
                                                                           
Scotland                         |221.4 |244.0 |265.3 |286.7 |296.8        
Borders                          |187.9 |205.7 |242.9 |258.2 |262.5        
Central                          |220.0 |238.5 |257.7 |281.8 |295.5        
Dumfries and Galloway            |207.6 |226.5 |239.4 |255.1 |264.7        
Fife                             |206.2 |228.7 |251.9 |273.4 |280.6        
Grampian                         |2253.8|287.6 |318.8 |336.9 |336.2        
Highland                         |211.6 |229.2 |253.2 |269.3 |273.7        
Lothian                          |223.9 |244.8 |2263.2|290.8 |306.2        
Strathclyde                      |219.7 |243.1 |260.6 |279.3 |293.3        
Tayside                          |204.5 |222.4 |248.1 |269.3 |280.2        
Orkney, Shetlands, Western Isles                                           
Highlands and Islands            |219.7 |232.3 |261.5 |280.2 |280.5        
Source: New Earnings Survey.                                               
Note: "" denotes sample too small and/or standard error too large for      
reliable estimate.                                                         

Job Clubs

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish a table showing for each region and for Great Britain as a whole during 1993 (a) the number of job clubs in operation, (b) the number participating in job clubs and (c) the destinations of those participating, broken down by (i) full-time employment, (ii) part-time employment, (iii) self-employment, (iv) further participation in job club, (v) full-time education or training course, (vi) unemployment and (vii) other options ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Responsibility for the subject of the question has been delegated to the Employment Service Agency under its chief executive. I have asked him to arrange for a reply to be given.

Letter from M. E. G. Fogden to Mr. Alex Carlile, dated 14 February 1994 :

The Secretary of State has asked me to reply to your question about Jobclubs.

The attached table shows the number of Jobclubs open in December 1993, the number of people who joined Jobclub from 1 January to 31 December 1993 and the number who left during the same period to go into jobs, other positive outcomes and for other reasons. Details of the number who joined Jobclub during the year have been given on the table as records of the number participating on the programe at any one time are not kept.

As the primary focus of Jobclub is on getting people into work we do not keep detailed statistics on the different destinations of Jobclub leavers. Included in the "other positive outcomes" category are those leaving to go into full-time education, training (including Training for Work), self- employment, or to join a temporary work programme. The "other leavers" category includes people who are still unemployed on leaving the Jobclub and those leaving for other reasons such as health problems, or taking up part-time education. There are no figures available to show how many people subsequently re-join a Jobclub.

A more detailed examination of the destination of Jobclub leavers was carried out in January 1991. This was based on a postal survey of individuals who joined in Autumn 1989. At that time 43 per cent. of respondents went into full-time employment, 10 per cent. into part-time employment, 2 per cent. into self employment, 14 per cent. joined Employment Training, 2 per cent. went into full-time education or training and the remaining 29 per cent. left for other reasons. The Employment Service is planning a wide ranging evaluation of its programmes and services which lead to jobs. This should begin in spring 1994 and will, amongst other things, allow us to update our information abut the destination of leavers.

Jobclubs continue to be an effective and popular programme. We are now helping more people than ever before and almost half of those who join leave with a job to go to.

I hope this is helpful.


Column 653


Jobclub information                                                                                                 
1993                                                                                                                
                          |Number of     |Number of     |Number        |Number into   |Number of                    
                          |Jobclubs      |entrants      |into jobs     |other positive|other leavers                
                                                                       |outcomes                                    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Northern                  |99            |14,316        |5,739         |7,134         |1,258                        
Yorkshire and Humberside  |120           |20,509        |9,154         |2,724         |7,811                        
East Midlands and Eastern |125           |20,945        |9,603         |2,660         |7,670                        
London and South East     |429           |80,354        |32,003        |10,086        |32,302                       
South West                |121           |17,646        |7,905         |2,246         |6,078                        
Wales                     |84            |13,555        |7,129         |1,790         |4,002                        
West Midlands             |156           |20,870        |9,606         |3,275         |7,504                        
North West                |184           |32,593        |14,312        |3,595         |14,429                       
Scotland                  |138           |21,718        |10,222        |2,727         |8,133                        
Great Britain             |1,456         |242,506       |105,673       |36,237        |89,187                       

Jobcentres

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish a table showing the number of vacancies in jobcentres that were (a) temporary and (b) permanent in each quarter since December 1990 in each region ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Responsibility for the subject of the question has been delegated to the Employment Service Agency under its chief executive. I have asked him to arrange for a reply to be given.

Letter from M. E. G. Fogden to Mr. Alex Carlile, dated 14 February 1994 :

The Secretary of State has asked me to reply to your question about the numbers of vacancies in Jobcentres.

Tables showing the number of temporary and permanent vacancies notified to Jobcentres by region were published in Hansard on 8 December 1993, column 212 refers. The information covers the period from April 1987 to 8 October 1993.

I enclose a table which gives similar information for the latest available period, from 11 October 1993 to 7 January 1994. I hope this is helpful.


Details of permanent and temporary notified vacancies                                                                                                                
11 October 1993 to 7 January 1994                                                                                                                                    
                                  Period                                                                                                                             
                                  11 October 1993 to 7 January 1994                                                                                                  
Region                           |Permanent                                                                                                                          
                                 |vacancies                       |vacancies                                                                                         
                                 |notified                        |notified                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                     
Northern Region                  |15,619                          |5,769                                                                                             
Yorkshire and Humberside Region  |28,980                          |8,466                                                                                             
East Midlands and Eastern Region |35,125                          |12,076                                                                                            
London and South East Region     |99,996                          |30,770                                                                                            
South West Region                |28,889                          |9,637                                                                                             
Office for Wales                 |20,909                          |13,155                                                                                            
West Midlands Region             |32,415                          |9,240                                                                                             
North West Region                |54,348                          |22,229                                                                                            
Office for Scotland              |42,347                          |16,614                                                                                            
                                 |----                            |----                                                                                              
National Total                   |358,628                         |127,956                                                                                           

Early Retirement

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many men took early retirement in each of the past five years ; and if he will make a statement.

Miss Widdecombe : The information requested is not available.

Parliamentary Questions

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list those topics on which it is not his practice to answer parliamentary questions ; and if he will list any recent changes in the practice of his Department.

Mr. Michael Forsyth [holding answer 9 February 1994] : There has been no change from the practice of this and previous Administrations, as described on page 292 of the current edition of "Erskine May". Also, it is not this Department's practice to reply on matters that are "in confidence" or "commercial in confidence".


 

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