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Aid and Trade

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what aid and trade provision grants have been allocated to (a) Balfour Beatty, (b) Cementation, (c) John Laing, (d) NEI, (e) John Brown Engineering, (f) Biwater and (g) other large engineering firms in each of the last 10 years.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : All of the information requested is contained in the detailed list of ATP projects placed in the Library of the House in October 1993, pursuant to the reply that my right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary gave to the right hon. Member for Copeland (Dr. Cunningham) on 28 October 1993 at column 732.

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will list each of the countries that received British aid last year, with the amount of aid each received, the proportion of the total aid budget that constitutes and the placing the country occupies in an index of world poverty according to gross domestic product per capita ; and how much each country received under the aid and trade provision (a) last year and (b) as an average over the previous five years at constant 1993 prices.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The information is as follows :


Column 391


Bilateral Aid Programme and ATP 1992-93                                                                                                            

                           |ODA Bilateral      |As a percentage    |Aid and Trade      |ATP average over   |GNP per capita                         

                           |Programme          |of the Total       |Provision 1992-93  |the last 5 years at|1992                                   

                           |1992-93            |Bilateral                              |constant 1992-93                                           

                                               |Programme                              |prices                                                     

                           |£000                                   |£000               |£000               |US$                                    

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Mozambique                 |31,441             |3.03               |0                  |0                  |60                                     

Ethiopia                   |15,865             |1.53               |0                  |0                  |110                                    

Tanzania                   |23,734             |2.29               |0                  |0                  |110                                    

Nepal                      |13,718             |1.32               |0                  |0                  |170                                    

Sierra Leone               |1,978              |0.19               |0                  |0                  |170                                    

Uganda                     |32,295             |3.12               |0                  |0                  |170                                    

Bhutan                     |680                |0.07               |0                  |0                  |180                                    

Burundi                    |205                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |210                                    

Guinea-Bissau              |9                  |0.00               |0                  |0                  |210                                    

Malawi                     |18,313             |1.77               |0                  |647                |210                                    

Bangladesh                 |57,739             |5.57               |0                  |0                  |220                                    

Chad                       |291                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |220                                    

Madagascar                 |734                |0.07               |0                  |0                  |230                                    

Laos                       |70                 |0.01               |0                  |0                  |250                                    

Rwanda                     |312                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |250                                    

Burkina Faso               |345                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |290                                    

Zambia                     |42,738             |4.12               |0                  |0                  |290                                    

Mali                       |800                |0.08               |0                  |0                  |300                                    

Niger                      |208                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |300                                    

India                      |93,981             |9.07               |867                |4,979              |310                                    

Nigeria                    |13,951             |1.35               |0                  |0                  |320                                    

Guyana                     |2,873              |0.28               |0                  |0                  |330                                    

Kenya                      |32,294             |3.12               |3                  |6,544              |330                                    

China                      |34,920             |3.37               |26,471             |18,480             |380                                    

Gambia                     |4,394              |0.42               |0                  |0                  |390                                    

Togo                       |115                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |400                                    

Benin                      |109                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |410                                    

Central African Republic   |16                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |410                                    

Nicaragua                  |1,008              |0.10               |0                  |0                  |410                                    

Pakistan                   |18,619             |1.80               |1,447              |739                |410                                    

Ghana                      |29,323             |2.83               |8,254              |3,516              |450                                    

Tajikistan                 |100                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |480                                    

Maldives                   |678                |0.07               |0                  |0                  |500                                    

Comoro Islands             |26                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |510                                    

Guinea                     |400                |0.04               |0                  |0                  |510                                    

Mauritania                 |109                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |530                                    

Sri Lanka                  |8,480              |0.82               |573                |3,008              |540                                    

Zimbabwe                   |39,171             |3.78               |2,924              |8,738              |570                                    

Honduras                   |1,887              |0.18               |0                  |0                  |580                                    

Lesotho                    |7,194              |0.69               |0                  |0                  |590                                    

Egypt                      |7,599              |0.73               |1,122              |3,070              |630                                    

Indonesia                  |21,872             |2.11               |9,778              |6,742              |670                                    

Ivory Coast                |487                |0.05               |0                  |0                  |670                                    

Bolivia                    |3,458              |0.33               |0                  |0                  |680                                    

Kiribati                   |1,169              |0.11               |0                  |0                  |700                                    

Solomon Islands            |2,357              |0.23               |0                  |0                  |710                                    

Philippines                |9,038              |0.87               |7,741              |5,093              |770                                    

Senegal                    |965                |0.09               |0                  |0                  |780                                    

Cameroon                   |3,351              |0.32               |0                  |79                 |820                                    

Cape Verde                 |97                 |0.01               |0                  |0                  |850                                    

Uzbekistan                 |267                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |860                                    

Western Samoa              |112                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |940                                    

Papua New Guinea           |198                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |950                                    

Peru                       |1,983              |0.19               |0                  |6                  |950                                    

Guatemala                  |122                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |980                                    

Congo                      |281                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |1,030                                  

Dominican Republic         |55                 |0.01               |0                  |0                  |1,040                                  

Morocco                    |2,118              |0.20               |1,462              |2,980              |1,040                                  

Ecuador                    |1,684              |0.16               |0                  |0                  |1,070                                  

Swaziland                  |3,274              |0.32               |0                  |29                 |1,080                                  

Jordan                     |4,249              |0.41               |472                |508                |1,120                                  

El Salvador                |192                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |1,170                                  

Vanuatu                    |3,963              |0.38               |0                  |0                  |1,220                                  

Colombia                   |1,413              |0.14               |314                |935                |1,290                                  

Jamaica                    |3,046              |0.29               |0                  |0                  |1,340                                  

Paraguay                   |629                |0.06               |0                  |0                  |1,340                                  

Tonga                      |177                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |1,350                                  

Namibia                    |3,637              |0.35               |0                  |0                  |1,610                                  

Tunisia                    |285                |0.03               |25                 |416                |1,740                                  

Algeria                    |377                |0.04               |0                  |0                  |1,830                                  

Thailand                   |2,135              |0.21               |200                |1,677              |1,840                                  

Turkey                     |9,276              |0.90               |9,030              |6,560              |1,950                                  

St. Vincent and Grenadines |871                |0.08               |0                  |0                  |1,990                                  

Costa Rica                 |976                |0.09               |0                  |0                  |2,000                                  

Fiji                       |2,359              |0.23               |0                  |0                  |2,010                                  

Iran                       |159                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |2,190                                  

Belize                     |4,458              |0.43               |0                  |0                  |2,210                                  

Grenada                    |1,519              |0.15               |0                  |0                  |2,310                                  

Panama                     |845                |0.08               |641                |695                |2,440                                  

Dominica                   |2,907              |0.28               |0                  |0                  |2,520                                  

South Africa               |11,709             |1.13               |0                  |0                  |2,670                                  

Mauritius                  |1,545              |0.15               |0                  |65                 |2,700                                  

Chile                      |988                |0.10               |0                  |0                  |2,730                                  

Brazil                     |4,332              |0.42               |0                  |0                  |2,770                                  

Botswana                   |6,129              |0.59               |549                |592                |2,790                                  

Malaysia                   |20,463             |1.97               |17,798             |12,194             |2,790                                  

St. Lucia                  |2,320              |0.22               |0                  |0                  |2,900                                  

Venezuela                  |163                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |2,900                                  

Uruguay                    |168                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |3,340                                  

Mexico                     |2,272              |0.22               |0                  |0                  |3,470                                  

Surinam                    |10                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |3,700                                  

Trinidad and Tobago        |341                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |3,940                                  

St Kitts-Nevis             |1,953              |0.19               |0                  |0                  |3,990                                  

Gabon                      |9                  |0.00               |0                  |0                  |4,450                                  

Antigua and Barbuda        |1,121              |0.11               |0                  |0                  |4,870                                  

Seychelles                 |1,064              |0.10               |0                  |34                 |5,480                                  

Argentina                  |90                 |0.01               |0                  |0                  |6,050                                  

Slovenia                   |45                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |6,330                                  

Oman                       |750                |0.07               |0                  |0                  |6,490                                  

Barbados                   |355                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |6,530                                  

Cyprus                     |910                |0.09               |449                |306                |9,820                                  

Bahamas                    |188                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |12,020                                 

Israel                     |8                  |0.00               |0                  |0                  |13,230                                 

Hong Kong                  |359                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |15,380                                 

Singapore                  |248                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |15,750                                 

Afghanistan                |2,171              |0.21               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

Albania                    |394                |0.04               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Angola                     |1,824              |0.18               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Anguilla                   |2,080              |0.20               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Bermuda                    |12                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

British Virgin Islands     |1,125              |0.11               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Brunei                     |6                  |0.00               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Burma                      |79                 |0.01               |0                  |82                 |<1>n/a                                 

Cambodia                   |2,066              |0.20               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

Caribbean                  |2,773              |0.27               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Cayman Islands             |119                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Cook Islands               |50                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Cuba                       |9                  |0.00               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Djibouti                   |55                 |0.01               |0                  |1                  |n/a                                    

Eritrea                    |1,979              |0.19               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Falkland Islands           |58                 |0.01               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Francophone Africa         |17                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Gibraltar                  |1,676              |0.16               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Haiti                      |97                 |0.01               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

Iraq                       |3,485              |0.34               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Lebanon                    |245                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Liberia                    |416                |0.04               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Malta                      |224                |0.02               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Mongolia                   |740                |0.07               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Montserrat                 |3,271              |0.32               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Pitcairn Islands           |56                 |0.01               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

SADCC                      |6,001              |0.58               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Somalia                    |15,047             |1.45               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

South Pacific              |6                  |0.00               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

St. Helena                 |8,654              |0.84               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Sudan                      |8,888              |0.86               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

Syria                      |16                 |0.00               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Tristan da Cunha           |406                |0.04               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Turks and Caicos Islands   |8,009              |0.77               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Tuvalu                     |109                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

Vietnam                    |2,313              |0.22               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

West Bank and Gaza         |1,530              |0.15               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Windward Islands           |352                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Yemen                      |7,683              |0.74               |2,856              |1,061              |<1>n/a                                 

Former Yugoslavia          |19,321             |1.86               |0                  |0                  |n/a                                    

Zaire                      |265                |0.03               |0                  |0                  |<1>n/a                                 

                                                                                                                                                   

Regional Allocations                                                                                                                               

Africa Regional            |2,393              |0.23               |96                 |65                 |0                                      

America Regional           |1,064              |0.10               |0                  |0                  |0                                      

Asia Regional              |2,245              |0.22               |0                  |0                  |0                                      

East African Community     |961                |0.09               |0                  |0                  |0                                      

Middle East                |117                |0.01               |0                  |0                  |0                                      

Oceania Regional           |2,004              |0.19               |0                  |0                  |0                                      

                                                                                                                                                   

CDC Exchequer Advances     |75,000             |7.24               |0                  |0                  |-                                      

                                                                                                                                                   

World Unallocated          |156,187            |15.08              |422                |253                |-                                      

                                                                                                                                                   

Total                      |1,035,792          |100.00             |93,493             |90,095             |-                                      

<1> Published World Bank figures were not available. Other sources have been used to define this as a Low Income Country according to the DAC GNP  

per capita thresholds.                                                                                                                             

Anguilla

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what are the implications of the forthcoming elections in Anguilla for the delivery of agreed aid.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The country policy plan, CPP agreed with the Anguilla Government establishes the framework for the United Kingdom's bilateral aid programme with Anguilla. Following the elections in 1994, we shall continue to discuss the CPP with the new administration with a view to reconfirming our joint commitment to good government and the effective use of aid resources.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs to whom the United Kingdom-based deputy commissioner of police in Anguilla reports.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : When appointed the United Kingdom-funded deputy commissioner of police will report to the Commissioner of Police, as is usual practice.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs why a United Kingdom-based officer was chosen for the position of deputy commissioner for police in Anguilla ; and how widely the job was advertised in the United Kingdom and in the Caribbean.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : In consultation with the Government of Anguilla a decision was taken to create two police posts ; a local deputy commissioner to be responsible for support and management and a British deputy commissioner to be responsible for operational services. The availability of an experienced British officer will help strengthen police capacity and local training capabilities in line with the experience of the other Caribbean dependent territories.

The job was not advertised. Selection was made from a short list of candidates compiled from ODA's register of qualified people who have expressed a desire to work overseas under the aid programme.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the salary, including allowances, of the United Kingdom-based deputy commissioner of police in Anguilla ; and what is the salary including allowances of the Anguillan commissioner of police.


Column 398

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : I am unable to reveal renumeration details for individual technical co-operation officers but the average annual cost, including salary, accommodation and air fare is £70,000. In line with usual ODA practice, agreed with recipient Governments, the salary of the United Kingdom-funded deputy commissioner of police in Anguilla will be based on equivalent posts in the United Kingdom. The salary and allowances of the commissioner are entirely a matter for the Government of Anguilla.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what plans exist for upgrading the present court facilities in Anguilla.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The court building is part of the House of Assembly project. I refer the hon. Member to my answer on Monday 21 February at column. 26.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what training exists for local Anguillans in the top posts in customs.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : A comprehensive training programme exists for the three Customs administrative trainees which includes practical "on the job" training. Proposals for their attendance at United Kingdom training courses are currently under consideration by the Government of Anguilla.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether it is part of the job description of the new United Kingdom-based banking supervisor to train local Anguillans in offshore financial services.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Provision is made in the terms of reference of the superintendent of offshore finance in Anguilla for the development of sectoral training and employment to ensure that "Belongers" participate fully in the growth of the financial services industry there.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will list the capital projects started or finished within the six months leading up to the general election in Anguilla.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : A general election in Anguilla has not yet been called.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs for what reasons the top customs posts in Anguilla have gone to United Kingdom-based staff ; and how widely these posts were advertised in the United Kingdom and the Caribbean.


Column 399

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Two officers on secondment from Her Majesty's Customs and Excise are serving as technical co-operation officers in Anguilla. The posts were advertised in a departmental trawl. These appointments were agreed with the Government of Anguilla under a standing arrangement common to all aid recipient Caribbean Dependent Territories whereby United Kingdom customs officers are made available to strengthen local customs departments, particularly in the area of enforcement.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs when the United Kingdom-based deputy commissioner of police in Anguilla took up his post ; and for how long is his contract.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : He is due to take up post on 1 March 1994 ; his contract is for two years.

Mr. Bernie Grant : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs why the Anguilla Parliament has no Parliament building ; and what plans there are to build one.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Agreement for the construction of separate accommodation for Anguilla's House of Assembly features in the country policy plan, CPP, signed between the Government of Anguilla and ourselves in August 1993. The relevant section of the CPP calls for the drawing up of detailed plans for the building in the financial year 1994-95, with construction schedule to commence the following year.

St. Helena

Dr. Marek : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will give details of the wind generator project on St. Helena.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The ODA agreed in 1992 to provide development aid funds for the provision of a wind turbine generator for location on Deadwood plain, St. Helena. The project included the procurement and installation of a 300kW generator and appropriate training and maintenance. Consultants were appointed to advise on the specification of the generator and assist with the tendering arrangements, inspection and commissioning. A tender exercise carried out in 1993 was unsuccessful and we are now considering other possible options for meeting the requirement.

Somaliland

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what further programmes of support are planned for the use of British aid in the establishment of a police force in Somaliland.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : We have agreed to help with the provision of basic training and equipment for the police in north-west Somalia--"Somaliland"-- within the framework of UNOSOM's overall programme to rehabilitate Somalia's judicial and legal sector. But two planning missions to develop a programme of assistance have been constrained by poor security and problems with local support. We are currrently considering what form our future assistance should take in the light of this.


Column 400

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the programme of the Food and Agricultural Organisation in Somaliland.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : On the basis of information received from the Food and Agriculture Organisation, FAO, the north-west of Somalia, "Somaliland", receives aid through FAO's programme to Somalia which currently totals £5.4 million. Many projects cover more than one region including the north-west. In addition, projects specific to the north-west are :

Urgent rehabilitation of abattoirs and Brucellosis monitoring in the north (Hargeisa) : £112,000

Fishing gear for fishermen at Berbera and neighbouring fishing communities : £10,000

Income generating activities in Boroma districts : £11,000 Emergency provision of hand tools to returnee farmers in rain-fed areas of north-west Somalia : £52,000

Hargeisa pesticide spill control : £243,000.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what plans he has to upgrade the level of British assistance to Somaliland.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : We have committed approximately £3.8 million of bilteral humanitarian assistance to north-west

Somalia--"Somaliland"--since May 1991 mainly through British and international non-governmental organisations.

We intend to continue to help meet humanitarian needs as they arise and to help support the police sector providing conditions in the region permit the effective delivery of aid.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how much time has been spent in Somaliland by the leader of the World Health Organisation in Somaliland ; how much time has been spent on a per diem basis in neighbouring countries ; and if he will report the findings.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Two international staff members are serving in the World Health Organisation's WHO sub-offices in Hargeisa and Bossaso. The WHO representative to Somalia has visited the north-west--"Somaliland"-- several times to monitor WHO programmes and report on progress. It is not possible to provide details of time spent, by WHO representatives, per diem in neighbouring countries. During these meetings, and through regular contact with Somaliland representatives at the WHO sub-offices, a plan of action has been agreed in line with needs, including support for tuberculosis control, malaria control and improvements to existing health care systems.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the detailed programme of action of the World Health Organisation in Somaliland.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The World Health Organisation has established, with the authorities in the north-west, "Somaliland", a detailed action plan to strengthen NGO capacity in disease control and treatment. In addition WHO will continue to focus on the provision of primary health care in 1994, by supplying essential drugs and medical supplies and training NGO staff.


Column 401

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish the programme of assistance being given by the European Union to Somaliland.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The north-west of Somalia, "Somaliland", receives aid through the European Community programme to Somalia. In 1993, the EC provided to Somalia almost 3,000 tonnes of food aid, and 3.8 mecu of emergency assistance. The Community also committed 38 mecu to a rehabilitation programme. The EC does not keep statistics by region within a country.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on the cost and achievements of the World Health Organisation in Somaliland.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The north-west of Somalia, "Somaliland", receives aid through the World Health Organisation's programme to Somalia. Since 1991, WHO has provided approximately US$ 5.3 million of emergency assistance to Somalia, concentrating on drug supply, tuberculosis and malaria control and support to health care systems.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what are the obstacles to intervention by the World bank and other multilateral institutions to giving assistance to Somaliland ; and what action he is taking to overcome those difficulties.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Multilateral institutions, including the World Bank, provide assistance to the north-west of Somalia, "Somaliland", as part of their assistance to Somalia as a whole. Among the obstacles affecting their ability to assist Somalia are the unsettled security situation ; lack of an effectively functioning Somali Government ; and Somalia's arrears to the bank. We are supporting international efforts to restore stability in Somalia. In response to donor pressure, the bank is co -ordinating the development of a comprehensive framework for rehabilitation and reconstruction to help focus the international community's efforts in a post-conflict Somalia.

Mr. Michael : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what sums of money have been provided in humanitarian aid or for other purposes in (a) Somaliland and (b) other regions of Somalia directly or via non-governmental organisations during the present financial year and in each of the past five years.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd [holding answer 21 February 1994] : Since April 1993, we have committed £2.959 million of bilateral humanitarian assistance to Somalia of which £0.645 million has been committed to the north-west region, "Somaliland", through NGOs. The table sets out figures showing the ODA programme of aid to Somalia for each of the past five financial years. Separate figures for the north-west region are available only from May 1991 in respect of humanitarian assistance.


£000                                                                          

              Humanitarian aid                                                

Financial    |Total       |of which as-|Other assis-|Total ODA                

year                      |sistance to |tance<2>    |aid pro-                 

                          |north west               |gramme                   

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1988-89      |237         |-           |5,546       |5,783                    

1989-90      |-           |-           |2,632       |2,632                    

1990-91      |115         |-           |1,304       |1,419                    

1991-92      |2,680       |<1>1,819    |295         |2,975                    

1992-93      |13,945      |<1>1,319    |1,102       |15,047                   

<1> In addition £1.95 million was allocated in 1991-92 and £1.5 million       

in 1992-93 to support ICRC activities in Somalia.                             

<2> Includes technical co-operation; programme aid; joint funding             

scheme and £1 million contribution to ICRC in 1992-93 (United                 

Kingdom bilateral development programme closed in January 1991).              

Nigeria

Mr. Tom Clarke : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to his answer on 7 February, Official Report, column 67, if he will give further details of the water projects in Nigeria funded by the Overseas Development Administration since 1980 giving the dates the funding started, the amounts of funding involved, whether the funding was under the aid and trade provision, and which British companies won the contracts in each case.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Before 1988-89 British aid to Nigeria was confined to technical co-operation of about £3 million a year centred on small education and training initiatives. Nigeria has received no assistance under the aid and trade provision.

The following is the only water project to be funded by ODA since 1988-89 :


Project                   |Starting      |Aid funding   |United Kingdom               

                          |date          |£ million     |company                      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Site investigations,      |1990          |0.21          |Babtie, Shaw                 

training and supervision                                |and Morton                   

of minor remedial work on                                                             

Tiga dam, Kano state                                                                  

Mr. Tom Clarke : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to his answer on 7 February, Official Report, column 67, if he will give further details of the power projects in Nigeria funded by the Overseas Development Administration since 1980 giving the dates the funding started, the amounts of funding involved, whether the funding was under the aid and trade provision, and which British companies won the contracts in each case.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Before 1988-89 British aid to Nigeria was confined to technical co-operation of about £3 million a year centred on small education and training initiatives. Nigeria has received no assistance under the aid and trade provision.


Column 403


Power projects funded by ODA since 1988-89 are as follows:                              

                                     |Aid funding     |United Kingdom                   

Project             |Starting date   |£ million       |Company                          

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                      |British Electric                 

Institutional                                         |International.                   

Strengthening of                                      |Northern Ireland                 

National Electric                                     |Electricity                      

Power Authority                                       |(since April                     

(NEPA)              |1989            |8.5             |1993).                           

                                                                                        

Review of                                                                               

requirements of                                                                         

Petroleum                                             |College of                       

Training Institute,                                   |Petroleum                        

Warri               |1990            |0.02            |Studies                          

Mr. Tom Clarke : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to his answer on 7 February, Official Report, column 67, if he will give further details of the narcotics control project in Nigeria funded by the Overseas Development Administration.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Since 1990 ODA has periodically funded the United Kingdom training of Nigerian drug law enforcement officers on courses arranged by the Home Office and Her Majesty's Customs and Excise. Cost to date are about £60,000.

Mr. Tom Clarke : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to his answer on 7 February, Official Report, column 67 , if he will give further details of the public administration projects in Nigeria funded by the Overseas Development Administration since 1980 giving the dates the funding started, the amounts of funding involved, whether the funding was under the aid and trade provision, and which British companies won the contracts in each case.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Before 1988-89 British aid to Nigeria was confined to technical co-operation of about £3 million a year centred on small education and training initiatives. Nigeria has received no assistance under the aid and trade provision.

Public administration projects funded by ODA since 1988-89 are as follows :


                                              |Aid funding      |United Kingdom                     

Project                     |Starting date    |£ million        |company                            

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Institutional                                                                                       

development                                                     |Critical Skills                    

of the Administrative Staff                                     |Development.                       

College of Nigeria                                              |Aston University.                  

(ASCON)                     |1988             |1.400            |Crown Agents.                      

                                                                                                    

Assistance with civil                                                                               

service reform in                                               |Thames Valley                      

core departments.           |1989             |0.815            |University.                        

                                                                                                    

Help with in-servcie                                                                                

training at the                                                                                     

Institute of                                                                                        

Administration                                                                                      

(IOA), Ahmadu                                                   |Birmingham                         

Bello University            |1989             |0.400            |University.                        

                                                                                                    

Institutional                                                                                       

strengthening of the                                                                                

Centre for                                                                                          

Management                                                                                          

Development                                                                                         

(CMD)                       |1990             |0.715            |Hull University                    

                                                                                                    

Help in establishing                                                                                

new Federal                                                                                         

Environmental                                                   |Environmental                      

Protection Agency                                               |Resources                          

(FEPA)                      |1989             |0.145            |Limited                            

                                                                                                    

Provision of team                                                                                   

member for World                                                                                    

Bank poverty                                                    |Singleton                          

assessment                  |1993             |0.120            |Consultant                         

Mr. Tom Clarke : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to his answer of 7 February, Official Report, column 67 , if he will give further details of the police training provided to Nigeria funded by the Overseas Development Administration.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Since 1991 ODA has committed £1 million to helping with the establishment of a central planning unit at Jos, the training of Nigerian police force, NPF, officers to manage it and help with the reorganisation of the NPF detective training school at Enugu. British police officers have been involved.

South Africa

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will list the projects that have been approved for Overseas Development Administration assistance in South Africa by name, executive organisation, value and duration.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The information requested by the hon. Member could only be provided at disproportionate cost. Our aid programme for South Africans began in 1979, aimed at enabling the non-white community to take its rightful place in the economy and government of the country. The programme has involved numerous small projects implemented mainly through local community groups, non-governmental organisations and some universities.

This year we expect to spend about £15 million bilaterally on a wide range of activities in support of the transition to a multi-racial democratic society including the training of crowd control marshals, peace monitors and provision of election observers. In addition our share of the EC aid programme to South Africa is around £11 million.

I have placed copies of our information notes, "British Aid to South Africa" and "British Aid for the Elections", in the Libraries of both Houses.

Burundi

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the present position regarding the security of aid workers in Burundi.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : We understand that there are still sporadic outbreaks of fighting in southern Burundi, but that the overall security situation has improved and that aid workers are now operating with relative freedom.


Column 405

Commonwealth Institute

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many years lease remains on the building of the Commonwealth Institute ; and what planning restrictions exist on the building.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The lease, dated 9 January 1958, for the site occupied by the Commonwealth Institute runs for a period of 999 years from 1 August 1957.

Alterations to the institute as built and the use to which the site can be put are constrained by a number of the clauses within the lease, and by the building's grade II listed status.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what limitations exist under statute on the purpose for which the Commonwealth Institute building has to be used.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : No limitations exist under statute. However, clause 16 of the lease for the site occupied by the Commonwealth Institute stipulates

"at all times during the continuance of the term to use and occupy the premises for the purposes of the Commonwealth Institute as from time to time declared by law or for the purposes of an art gallery or museum and for no other purposes whatsoever without the consent of the lessor in writing".

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is estimated to be the cost of restoring the Commonwealth Institute.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The Commonwealth Institute's management estimate the cost of works to bring the building up to a satisfactory state of repair to be a minimum of £3 million.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if primary legislation is necessary to close the Commonwealth Institute.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The Commonwealth Institute Act 1958 would require amendment or repeal should the institute be obliged to close.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what alternative use the Government have for the Commonwealth Institute building.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : My right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary wishes the institute to continue to use the Commonwealth Institute building.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if the Government are obliged to maintain the institute's building after grant has been withdrawn and the Commonwealth Institute has closed.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Responsibility for the Commonwealth Institute building rests with the Commonwealth Institute trustees, of which my right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary is one. He is also responsible for the institute under the 1958 Commonwealth Institute Act.

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what has been the Government's price to the Commonwealth Institute in real and constant price terms since 1979.


Column 406

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Foreign and Commonwealth Office grants to the Commonwealth Institute in cash terms since 1979 are detailed below :


Financial year |Grant in aid                 

               |£                            

---------------------------------------------

1978-79        |1,222,000                    

1979-80        |1,402,013                    

1980-81        |1,680,450                    

1981-82        |1,971,520                    

1982-83        |2,183,000                    

1983-84        |2,497,000                    

1984-85        |2,342,000                    

1985-86        |2,515,000                    

1986-87        |2,673,000                    

1987-88        |2,665,000                    

1988-89        |2,665,000                    

1989-90        |2,524,000                    

1990-91        |2,759,000                    

1991-92        |2,716,000                    

1992-93        |3,092,000                    

1993-94        |3,674,000                    

The GDP deflators required to calcualte real terms figures are shown on page 121 of the Financial Statement and Budget Report 1994-95 (HC31). Copies are available in the Library of the House.

Sudan

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs which areas in Sudan about which the Overseas Development Administration is concerned for humanitarian reasons, are currently out of reach to international aid agencies because of blocking action by the Government in Khartoum.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The Government of Sudan has refused permission for the United Nations Operation Lifeline Sudan, OLS, to fly relief assistance into nine Sudan People's Liberation Army, SPLA,-held locations in south Sudan in February. These are Boma, Kajo-Keji, Kaya, Maban, Mundri, Maridi, Nimule, Pariang and Thiet. Fighting around Kapoeta is also restricting surface access.

Access to Government-held areas in the south is subject to permit. Aid agencies experience frequent unexplained delays and refusals by the Government in the issuing of permits. OLS plans to increase areas accessible to aid by rail via Wau and by barge via the Nile have been halted by recent military activity.

Access is still denied to the Nuba mountains, except the towns of Dilling and Kadugli.


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